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Nebraska State Certification of Seed

2012 Annual Report
By Official Agency Potato Certification Association of Nebraska

Annual Report Letter of Transmittal

TO: The Vice-Chancellor and Seed Certification Committee, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska - Lincoln. The Executive Council of the Potato Certification Association of Nebraska. Certified Growers of the Potato Certification Association of Nebraska.

FROM: Staff of Potato Certification Association of Nebraska.

RE:

We hereby submit to you the Annual Report of the Potato Certification Association of Nebraska. This detailed report covers July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2013.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

POTATO CERTIFICATION ASSOCIATION OF NEBRASKA ALLIANCE, NEBRASKA FOR THE 2012 CROP
Official State Agency for the Seed Potato Certification Authorized by the Institute of Agriculture & Natural Resources Under Nebraska State Law EXECUTIVE COUNCIL Joe Schekall, Hemingford, Nebraska President Adam Naslund, Cody, Nebraska Vice-President Jim Allen, Alliance, Nebraska Treasurer Joe Thompson, Alliance, Nebraska Member

Steven Marquardt, Alliance, Nebraska Secretary/ Manager PERMANENT STAFF Steven Marquardt – Manager Anna Dailey – Inspector Troy Sorensen – Assistant Manager

SEASONAL AND PART-TIME STAFF Gary Leever …………………………………………………………..Field and Shipping Point Inspections Dale Widhalm Alan Roland Dave Kayton Carlene Burrows, Larry Martinsen…………………………………..Shipping Point Inspections – Nebraska Polly Cross Dale Heggam Wes Brown Todd Styles ……..………………………………………………….Shipping Point Inspections – Wyoming Regina Zaro Jett Jurgens Lindsay Marquardt Suzanne Grant Katee Folkerts Baily Wood Matthew Wood Sandra Mendiola……………….
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….……... Office and Laboratory

ANNUAL REPORT 2012 CROP POTATO CERTIFICATION ASSOCIATION OF NEBRASKA
The Association serves as the official state agency for the certification of seed potatoes in Nebraska. This report covers activities and finances during our fiscal year, July 1, 2012 through June 30, 2013. State law has assigned the responsibility for seed certification to the Vice Chancellor, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska. His office has designated this Association, by contract, as the agency responsible for seed potato certification in Nebraska.

ACREAGE ENTERED BY VARIETY
In 2012, 6162.34 acres were entered for certification, an increase of 933 acres from 2011 (5229 acres, 2010:4949 acres). Russet Norkotah, including all of the strains had the most acreage with 1518.23 acres, an increase of 21.4 acres over 2011. The Frito Lay varieties had 2592 acres, up 372 acres and included the white variety of greatest acreage. Outside the Frito Lay varieties, Dakota Pearl displaced Atlantic as the high white with 341 acres, up 186 acres. Red LaSoda was the most popular red variety with 136 acres, up 13. Russet varieties totaled 2028 acres, up 49. Red varieties totaled 148 acres, up 21. White varieties totaled 3931 acres, up 807. Nuclear Generation (Field Year 1) had 78 acres (down 8.5), Generation 1 (Field Year 2) had 416.94 acres (down 123), Generation 2 (Field Year 3) had 2263.69 acres (down 52), Generation 3 (Field Year 4) had 2679.12 acres (up 592), Generation 4 had 720.43 acres ( up 659) and Generation 5 (Field Year 6) had 1.0 acres (down 138). 232 acres were rejected during field inspections in 2012: for mosaic in excess of tolerance (124 acres), excess weeds (128 acres). 464 acres were downgraded to commercial use only. After field inspections were complete, a total of 5311.74 acres were approved for certification. No detections of Bacterial Ring Rot have occurred since 1992. No detections of Late Blight have occurred since 2004. In 2012, Nebraska growers withdrew 781.6 acres prior to the storage inspection, for use in the processing industry and for the table market (2011:779 acres, 2010:963). Total certified seed potato production was 1,748,530 cwt., which is up from the 2011 production level of 1,305,097 cwt. (2010:1,227,953 cwt.) Total seed shipment for 2012 was 954,442 cwt., which was up from the 862,386 cwt shipped in 2011 and 698,671 cwt. shipped in 2010. Statistical and historical data are shown in table 3, page 9.

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FIELD INSPECTIONS
Field inspections were conducted by Steven Marquardt. Troy Sorensen assisted during this first year’s field inspection training. Field inspection began in May and were complete in September. The season started early with very warm conditions. Ground temperatures allowed rapid emergence and greatly increasing Potato Psyllid incidence. Very high temperatures for extended periods delayed bulking. Aside from that, the 2012 crop had excellent growing conditions.

SUMMER DISEASE (VIRUS AND BACTERIAL) TESTING
Industry demand and national and international structure has shaped the way Nebraska does virus and bacterial testing. Testing materials currently used are purchased from a commercial laboratory and testing is performed using standard protocols. Plant material is collected from field or storage and brought back to the lab for processing. Potato Certification’s protocol is to test Prenuclear seed lots (tissue culture plantlets, greenhouse plants) and Nuclear seed lots for virus and bacteria. Any additional testing will be in accordance with the MOU (Memorandum of Understanding), between USDA-APHIS and all State Certification Agencies. Nebraska signed the MOU in June of 2007, and the Nebraska SNHP Manual was accepted by APHIS May 2012. Nebraska follows all disease testing requirements of the MOU, as well as the leaf testing protocol found in our rule book and manual. Later generation seed lots (year three through year six) were tested at the grower’s request for necrotic strain (PVYN, NTN, N:O) viruses. All lots of varieties showing mild to no symptoms of mosaic or leafroll are also screened (“latent expressers”). 5,020 test wells were used in 2012 (2011:5614). Growers submitted 2,410 samples to Certification’s lab for summer virus testing (2011:3094). During testing, 140 lots were screened for one or more ELISA tests for virus and/or bacterial testing (2011:147, 2010:226). Ninety-five seed lots tested positive for PVY in 2012 (2011: 25, 2010: 9). All PVY positives were further probed and typed for strain.

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Psyllid Survey
A potato psyllid {Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera:Triozidae)} survey was continued formally during the 2012 season with 8 growers in Nebraska and Wyoming participating. The first week of formal monitoring from the Certification offices was the week of May 4th and the monitoring season ended the week of August 27th. There were 32 fields monitored, comprising 3728 acres spread across the state and into Wyoming. Monitoring consisted of weekly samples of 100 leaves and changes of 4 traps per field. Samples and traps were examined at the Certification offices and results published weekly. A total of ~19,775 adult potato psyllids were detected on the yellow sticky traps, 18,427 eggs, 5,700 small nymphs and 2,461 large nymphs were found during the season on the leaves. The first psyllid was caught on March 31st from an office trap location and continued to be found early in sprouting cull pile. Less than 0.20% of psyllids tested were found positive for ‘Liberibacter’ (‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum [Lso]), the Zebra Chip pathogen. This survey was and has been coordinated and held in conjunction with the High Plains psyllid monitoring network for the past two years. This network covers northern Colorado, most of SouthCentral Nebraska, and some Kansas and Texas Panhandle interests. 143 fields were monitored with 4 sticky traps, 100 leaves were also analyzed for psyllid eggs and nymphs in 45 fields. Leaf samples and traps were examined by personnel in the High Plains region. Approximately 29,000 adults, 4870 eggs, 2620 small nymphs and 418 large nymphs were reported. Not all psyllid testing for Lso is completed at this publication, however at least 6 bulk psyllid samples tested positive.

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STORAGE INSPECTION
Bin Inspections are required for Certification:
“I. CERTIFICATION

A. Certification is a voluntary agreement between the grower and the Potato Certification Association for the purpose of producing and distributing top quality seed tubers in approved and properly tagged containers to potato growers. The standards specified are enforced by the Potato Certification Association of Nebraska, as authorized by State Law (see preface of ‘Rules and Regulations for Certification of Nebraska State Seed Potatoes’). Certification of a lot is complete only when all requirements have been fulfilled in field, bin and grade inspections, as determined by inspectors.” Inspections for internal quality and bin separations were done on all seed lots requiring storage inspection. Storage inspections began in late October and were concluded in December. Acres accepted after putting the potatoes in storage were 4,461. Statistical and historical data are shown in table 3, page 9.

WINTER TEST
The 2012 post-harvest winter testing was conducted in Homestead, Florida on property owned by the State of Maine. With the help of Troy Sorensen and our part time staff, Marquardt organized, dipped and gassed the samples before sending them to Florida with a commercial load of seed potatoes from Nebraska. Marquardt traveled to Florida in November to plant the 198 lots submitted for testing. In late December and January, leaf samples for virus testing were collected by Marquardt and parttime help, with additional help from Troy and Mary Dagen of CSS Farms/Cody. The virus tests were conducted on site by Marquardt. Growing conditions at Florida was markedly better than the previous year as warmer temperatures and adequate moisture allowed for better growth. No Post-Harvest Test trial was conducted in Yuma, Arizona this year as growing conditions were not favorable in this area for the past 3 years for this purpose.

Results for the Florida plot were: 237 Lots Possible for Entry (approx. 5326 Acres) 190 (80%) Entered, 3699 (72%) Acres 9 (5%) Failed, 218 (6%) Acres 181 (95%) Passed, 3,481 (94%) Acres 26 (14%) Not Recommended, 796 (22%) Acres
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GRADE INSPECTION & SHIPMENTS
Shipping point inspections were conducted by permanent and seasonal Association staff. Staff from the Wyoming Department of Agriculture again performed most Wyoming inspections. The association staff and Wyoming growers very much appreciate the help of Polly Cross, Dale Heggam, Wes Brown and Todd Styles and inspections in Pine Bluffs and LaGrange. -Shipping point inspections are required for Certification:
“I. CERTIFICATION

B. Certification is a voluntary agreement between the grower and the Potato Certification Association for the purpose of producing and distributing top quality seed tubers in approved and properly tagged containers to potato growers. The standards specified are enforced by the Potato Certification Association of Nebraska, as authorized by State Law (see preface of ‘Rules and Regulations for Certification of Nebraska State Seed Potatoes’). Certification of a lot is complete only when all requirements have been fulfilled in field, bin and grade inspections, as determined by inspectors.” Seed shipped without grade inspection is not certified seed. Total shipment of cwt. Nebraska Certified Seed Potatoes are as follows: Blue Tag Grade Yellow Tag Grade Green Tag Grade 949,663 3,944 831

The majority of Nebraska Seed Potatoes are shipped bulk, with bulk shipments at 954,438 cwt.

Shipment of cwt. by Generation was as follows: Nuclear Generation 1 Generation 2 Generation 3 Generation 4 Generation 5 4,341 39,870 471,273 420,230 18,728 0

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Table 1.

NEBRASKA POTATO PRODUCTION 1997 TO 2012
Acres Yield Certified Certified Certified Seed Truckload Harvested Production Per Acres Acres Produced Net Certified Seed Shipped (@ * (cwt) * Acre * Entered Accepted (cwt) Shipped (cwt) 500cwt) 24,000 9,360,000 390 8,107 7,684 990,312 692,879 1,386 26,200 9,781,000 373 7,353 7,336 896,156 506,559 1,013 25,700 10,524,000 409 6,729 6,594 884,489 606,927 1,214 24,700 10,127,000 410 5,140 5,047 882,713 588,975 1,178 22,400 8,400,000 375 7,837 4,696 971,521 729,056 1,458 21,800 8,611,000 395 6,659 6,523 1,032,327 598,442 1,197 23,200 9,744,000 420 6,439 4,873 975,661 575,930 1,172 21,600 9,288,000 430 6,592 5,592 1,010,605 551,163 1,091 19,400 8,245,000 425 6,017 5,985 1,055,300 607,771 1,103 19,400 8,730,000 450 5,707 5,707 1,133,190 695,332 1,391 19,800 8,217,000 415 4,831 4,831 919,684 628,861 1,258 19,400 8,245,000 425 5,431 5,431 1,136,738 659,052 1,318 19,900 8,756,000 440 5,334 5,089 1,138,485 689,734 1,379 18,600 7,719,000 415 4,949 4,914 1,420,690 699,589 1,399 19,500 7,800,000 400 5,229 5,211 1,382,439 889,390 1,779 22,800 10,146,000 445 6,166 5,311 1,497,187 954,442 1,909 5,852 20,040 8,533,200 425 5,422 5,191 1,315,108 778,441 1,557

Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 5-year Avg
(2008‐2012)

* NASS numbers are not final until September of the year.

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Table 2.

STATISTICAL DATA 2012 CROP - BY VARIETY
Certified Acres Acres Acres Acres Withdr'n at Lots Acres Acres Storage Entered Entered Withdr'n Rejected Approved Accepted
1 1 13 1 1 1 1 2 1 8 1 2 73 5 2 1 4 1 1 2 2 1 5 2 4 9 9 63 3 1 17 1 2 2 1 2 4 250 0.31 6.21 253.22 2.00 8.40 0.70 3.15 33.60 0.30 340.98 1.20 3.00 2592.09 119.60 0.89 7.10 29.56 5.30 1.10 7.20 17.30 5.20 246.51 9.50 14.24 136.03 472.05 1528.86 107.95 0.15 139.90 11.83 2.75 8.15 1.85 1.75 53.04 6172.97 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 128 0 0 3.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 459.8 123.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 715.00 0.31 6.21 253.22 2.00 8.40 0.70 3.15 33.60 0.30 212.98 1.20 3.00 2588.59 119.60 0.89 7.10 29.56 5.30 1.10 7.20 17.30 5.20 246.51 9.50 14.24 136.03 12.25 1405.16 107.95 0.15 139.90 11.83 2.75 8.15 1.85 1.75 53.04 5457.97 0.31 6.00 253.22 2.00 8.40 0.70 3.15 33.60 0.30 174.98 1.20 3.00 1891.47 119.60 0.89 7.10 29.56 5.30 1.10 7.20 17.30 5.20 246.51 9.50 14.24 136.03 12.25 1241.16 107.95 0.15 139.90 11.83 2.75 8.15 1.85 1.75 53.04 4558.64 0 0.21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 38 0 0 697.12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 164 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 899.33

Variety
A0012-5 Alpine Russet Atlantic ATX 91137-1RU Bintje Cascada Classic Russet CO 95051-7W CO99100-1RU Dakota Pearl FBA 65401 FBA 71230 Frito Lay Varieties Gala Gasore Harley Blackwell Lamoka Maris Peer MSH228-6 MSL292-A Nicolet Pike Prospect Purple Majesty Ranger Russet Red LaSoda Russet Burbank Russet Norkotah Shepody Smiley Snowden Teton (A008-1TE) W2324-1 W2717-5 W5015-12 Waneta Yukon Gold 36
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Net Product'n CWT
82.00 1,080.00 96,414.00 679.00 3,428.00 143.00 1,452.00 11,502.00 107.00 41,179.00 275.00 551.00 504,464.00 47,117.00 256.00 3,104.00 10,815.00 2,189.00 284.00 3,311.00 5,839.00 975.00 92,861.00 3,965.00 5,145.00 61,056.00 4,462.00 493,016.00 36,603.00 51.00 34,796.00 4,481.00 814.00 3,323.00 564.00 506.00 20,298.00 1,497,187.00

Certified CWT Shipped
0 1010 69,797 609 3,445 144 1,344 2571 0 35,588 271 517 228,544 427 215 142 5067 0 277 2739 3077 0 60564 0 582 58,438 793 394,870 30,563 0 27,178 4289 548 3156 167 92 17418 954,442

- None Reported

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Table 3.

BIN INSPECTION - COUNTY SUMMARY - 2012
Reduction of Acres Entered Compared to Acres Accepted * Acres

County
Banner Box Butte Cherry Dawes Kimball Laramie Niobrara Sheridan Totals:

No. Lots Entered
5 78 101 22 6 2 6 29 249

Acres Acres No. Lots Entered Approved Approved
312.00 2,666.00 1,215.00 159.00 90.00 40.00 385.00 1,295.00 6,162.00 5 78 101 22 6 2 6 29 249 312.00 2,666.00 1,215.00 159.00 90.00 40.00 385.00 1,295.00 6,162.00

No. Lots Accepted
3 57 100 21 6 2 6 26 221

Accepted
62.00 1,269.00 1,215.00 159.00 90.00 40.00 385.00 1,241.00 4,461.00

Acres
250.00 1,397.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 54.00 1,701.00

Per Cent

Yield (cwt)

2.50 22,800 13.97 325,529 0.00 438,881 0.00 438,881 0.00 27,360 0.00 7,560 0.00 161,133 0.54 453,181 17.01 1,875,325

* (Due to the fact that Lots are combined with others in storage, Lots may change County in Storage).

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NEBRASKA CERTIFIED SEED POTATO ACRES  Acreage Entered 1935 Through 2012
14000

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

0 1 9 3 5 1 9 4 0 1 9 4 5 1 9 5 0 1 9 5 5 1 9 6 0 1 9 6 5 1 9 7 0 1 9 7 5 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 5 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 5 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 5 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 5

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Table 5

Summary By Grade Shipped / 2003‐2012
Grade 2003 Shipped  (cwt)  575,889 0 41 575,930
1,200,000.00 1,000,000.00 800,000.00 600,000.00 400,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 2003

2004 Shipped  (cwt)  551,163 0 0 551,163

2005 Shipped  (cwt)  596,048 6,296 5,427 607,771
Blue

2006 Shipped  (cwt)  569,874 0 125,908 695,782

2007 Shipped  (cwt)  579,118 48,884 859 628,861

2008 Shipped  (cwt)  657,886 1,166 0 659,052

2009 Shipped  (cwt)  687,961 1,773 0 689,734
Total:

2010 Shipped  (cwt)  689,589 7,456 1,626 698,671

2011 Shipped  (cwt)  883,807 4,598 985 889,390

2012 Shipped  (cwt)  949,663 3,944 831 954,438

Blue Yellow Green Total:

Yellow

Green

Hundredweight (cwt)

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Year

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Table 6

Summary By Generation Shipped / 2003‐2012
2003 Generation Shipped  (cwt)  Nuclear 5,258 Generation 45,088 Generation 203,626 Generation 268,878 Generation 53,080 Generation 0 Total: 575,930
Nuclear 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0

2004 Shipped  (cwt)  2,406 31,996 222,135 239,089 50,012 5,525 551,163

2005 Shipped  (cwt)  0 60,037 254,815 274,819 14,937 3,163 607,771

2006 Shipped  (cwt)  5,465 149,525 186,610 321,160 28,990 4,032 695,782

2007 Shipped  (cwt)  5,836 152,270 231,835 207,783 31,137 0 628,861

2008 Shipped  (cwt)  26 78,410 375,804 155,348 41,813 7,651 659,052
Generation 3

2009 Shipped  (cwt)  5,849 45,197 361,312 240,173 37,204 0 689,735

2010 Shipped  (cwt)  3,929 40,400 509,914 126,836 18,509 0 699,588

2011 Shipped  (cwt)  4,217 21,795 500,016 359,399 3,963 0 889,390

2012 Shipped  (cwt)  4,341 39,870 471,273 420,230 18,728 0 954,442

Generation 1

Generation 2

Generation 4

Generation 5

Hundredweight (cwt)

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Table 7.

Overall PHT Statistics for 2008‐2012
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Avg Lots Possible for Entry/Acres  202 / 5430 259 / 5084 251 / 4908 (Summer) Lots Entered/Acres (Winter) 160 / 3176 186 / 2923 198 / 3329 Lots Failed/Acres (Winter) 3 / 50 5 / 139 2 / 19 260 / 5229 237 / 5326 242 / 5195.4 218 / 3949 190 / 3699 190 / 3415.2 19 / 527 9 / 218 7.6 / 190.6

Lots Passed/Acres (Winter) 151 / 2877 181 / 2784 196 / 3310 Lots Not Recommended /Acres (Winter) 6 / 248 5 / 160 6 / 251

176 / 3072 181 / 3481 177 / 3104.8 7 / 171 26 / 796 10 / 325.2

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