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CPED,IhOBEKOBH11 rror: 113 nYI1P11JE

Becua MAllOJJIOBHI1-HHKOJIHI1, c]JUJl030epCKU cjJaKyJllTlelTl, H06ll eao
C11CTCl\IaTCKC1 apXCOJIOIIlKC1 11CTpa:>K11BaIba na npocropy nanannr,e 'Fiynpnje, na
yurhy peKe y BeJI11KY Mopany, IlIC3)J;CCCT11X rO)J;11Ha, I
HaCTC1BJbCHa cy 1<)70. YI 1979.   Y caparnsn Bojnor xryaeja ca APXCOJIOIlIK11M
YIHCT11TyTOM H CO Tiyrtpnjc 1985. rO)J;11HC HarrpaBJI,CH je npojexar 0 nacrasxy
YICTpa:>KHBallia JIOIGlJIl1TeTa XOPCYM Maprn.' MaKO yCMCpCH na OTKp11BaIbC
aHTWIKI1X OCTC1TC1KCl, Il:0CC1J\aIlIIb11 pC3yJITaT11 rrOTBPA11JII1 cy 11 11CTOpI1jCKO nocrojan,e
CpC)J;lliOBeKOBHor HaCClliC1 PaBHO na 11CTOM npocropy."
Y ncp1101lY OIl 1986-1989. rO)J;11HC yrnphena je CTpaT11rpa¢CKa CJI11Ka
JIOKaJI11TeTa peIJ,eHTHOr cnoja, npexo cpeJ\llioBcKOBH11X AO aHTWIK11X
XOpI130Hena.
5
CpC)J;lliOBCKOBH11 KyJITypH11 CJIoj )J;oKyMeHToBaH je o6lfllieM rpa-rapnje
(JIOHIJ,11 11 3)J;CJIC) y nepnon Oil: X-XII BCKa.
6
Pa)J;11 rrpenasnnjer YTBpl)11BaH,a
crparnrpadiaje y TOKy 1989. rOJ\11He o'rsopeua cy y )J;aHaIlIH)CM xpyry xacapne )J;Ba
11CKOna )J;YIMCH3Hja 10 x 5 1\1 (COH)J;C XII H XIV). Y OB11M cOHAaMa norapbeua jc
CTpaT11rpaq1CKa CJII1Ka JIOKaJI11TCTa, a HOB11 nOJ\aIJ,11 O)J;HOCC cc na )J;Ba
CPCIl:H)OBcKoBHa Han3Cl\IHa oojexra.' Y COH)J;11 XII 11CTpa:>KeH je 11 jenan rpo6 (rpo6
Gp. 1). 3aH11MJI,11B KaKO no MCCTy yxonanan.a, TaKO 11 no rp06H11M rrp11JI0311Ma.
Tpof je yxonan H3 CpenI-bOI3eKOBHOr cnoja (xor'a ± 121,27), a )J;HO rpofine paxe
je na pCJIaT11BHoj AY011HH OA 0,71 M (KOTa + 120,56). Tpotiaa paxa je OBaJIHOr
06JIHKa, on rparona nocrojan.a 11KaKI3e KOHcTpyKIJ,11je. IIoKojH11K je nOJIO:>KeH na
neha y 11Cnpy:>KcHOM CTeWY, ca pyxaxta npexpurrenan na rpfiyxy, opzjerrrauaje
HCTOK-3anaA (rnaaa na sanany). CKeJIeTH11 OCTaIJ,11 cy )J;OCTa nome oIIyBaH11 (CJI. 1/1).
M. Vasic . .1. Kuvajin Mundric, S. Popovic, Horrcum Margi - Ramo - Cuprija, Vesnik Vojnog
muzeja 33. Beograd. 19X9. 7-X.
2 v1c'ro. K.
3 MCTO.
4 Hcxonauan,a cy o(ian,cHa y KOIITIIHYIITCTY OH 191-\6-1 99{). rOJIIIHC.
5 M Vasic, J. Kavajin Mundric, S. Popovic. Hall.JICJlO. 22-24.
6 V. Manojlovic, M. Doric. Srcdnjovckovna grncarija sa lokaliteta Horreum Margi-Ravno-
Cuprija, Vesnik Vojnog 1II1CCJa 33. Beograd, 19X9.
7 M. Bacllh. J. Kanajuu Myanpnh, C. Ilononah, B. Manojnonuh, M. TO!\OPOllHh, PC:.lYJlTaTII
apxco.nonucux l1CTI1(l)Kl1llafha nunrccnojaor narraannrra Harcum Margi-Panao-Frynpaja y 191-\9.
rOJIlIlIII. y
165
r.TIaCHHK CAD, 11 113 apXeOJIOlIlKHX36HpKH
CJI. 1. - Cpe));IbOBeKOBIIII rpo6 II3 Trynpaje ca
rrpIfJI03HMa
Fig. I. - Medieval grave from Cuprija with goods
On rp06HHx npnnora Hal)eHH cy
cpefipnn n03JIafteHH npcren y
npenerty necac nraxe H 6pOH-
aana annaxarmja y 6JIH3HHH JIe-
nor CTOnaJIa.
D,HMeH3Hje npcTeHa cy
2 x 2,4 x 1,3 (CJI. 1/ 3).
Bpoasana anrmxannja eJIHn-
caCTor 06JIHKa ca
TpH sa npn-
-nspnrhaaan,e na rrOJIel)HHH,
pal)eHa je y JIHUefba.
Yxpaniena je BereTa6HJIHHM
opnaxrerrroxr, D,HMeH3Hje arrrrn-
xaunje cy 1,8 x 2,2 (CJI. 1/2).
ITpcTeH .1e mpal)eH y
JIHBCfba. yxpaiueu
rpaanpan.exr H rrYHKTl1p<.lH,ei\1.
Ha ermncomraoj pannoj rJIaUH
nara je rrpencraaa rrrnnc
paunrpennx KpHJIa, a na
yrpasnpau MOTHB
3
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-··· 0····:- ··· '"
. .
. .
, .
f .
.. I
I
I
., "'7
I1pcTeH, KOjH je npnnanao nOKojHHKy, cnana y rpyrry npcren.a ca ypc3aHHM
npencraaasra na pasnoj rJIaBH. OBaKaB 'rnn npcreu.a rrpencrann.a '(IeCT Ham13 na
HeKpOnOJIaMa nepnona XI-XII sexa. Ilpcncrasa rrrnne rrpaxasana na HCTH HJIH
CJIWIaH Ha'(IHH jann.a ce y ITogYHaUJbY, Cp6HjH, PyMyHHjH, Byrapcxoj, Maxenonuja, a
x
II03HaTa cy Hnna npnvepxa H3 KopHHTa. I
H3gy:>KeHOr HJIH OUaJIHOr 06JIHKa
yxpaurene epJIOpaJIHHM opaaxrenroxc npencraan.ajy pehy nojasy na npocTopy jy)KHO
on Caae H Ilynana, OBaKBe anrmxauaje naj-remhe cy HaJIa:>KeHe y rp060BHMa H TOY
npene.ny rrojaca HHgHBHgye lIlTO 3Ha'(IH na cy 6HJIe npnnapmhene na KO:>KHH KaHIII.
CJIWIaH 06JIHK H MOTHB aacrynrsen je H y xrarepnjany EeJIo Epno xyrrrype aJIH y
x S. Erccgovic Pavlovic, D. Minic, Lc site dhabitarion et la nccropolc de Pozajmistc
Grabovica, Djerdapske sveske Ill. Beograd. 19X5, 34X, fig. 3/1 0; M. 6ajaJIOBI1ft Xauu- nCIIIHft.
HilIwL71 VIII-XVIfI eetca, Ecorpan, 19X4, T. VII/2, kat. 312, 326; P. Diaconu. D. Viliccanu, Pacuiul lui
scare I, Bucurcsti, 1972. fig. 56/X; I. Barnca, Dinogetia I, Bucurcsti, 1967. 2X4. fig. 170/11; S. Masov, La
nccropolc medieval pres du village Gradcsnica, Dcp, de Vraca, Culture et art Bulgari medieeval (VlI-XIV).
Sofia. 1979.41. fig. 10/5; A. MHJI'!CB.     OhJIrapCKI1 HaKI1TI1 11 xpr.crouc
CHKOJIn110HH OT ccucposananaa Bi.nrapns, Apxeo.nozun 3, COCPI1H. lWi3, 22-37, oop. II; n. I'arcu,
HaKl1T OT nOrpCOHI151 OT XI-Xli B. ApXeOJW211R I. COepl151, 1977.30-46, oop. 6/112, 113;
>1<. Br.acapona, C/lIWRHll II UpaUh/llafJll U!J oauu ua uetcpouo.nuuic VI-XI II, COepl1H. 197X. 309. CJI.
193/1-5: K. CPC)(HOBCKOBHI1TC HCKpOnOJIH. D,YfJUHKV/lUf{, r..» I. Coc!JH5I.19X9. 137. T.
B/21: G. Davidson, The minor objects, Corinth XII. Princeton-New Jersey, 1952. PI. 105/1932. 1933
166
B. H1'1KOJIl1h - MaHujJIOB1'1h Cpq(ThOBCKOBH1'1 rpo6 1'13 'hynpaje
cacrany JJ:B01H1'1X CPU,OJI1'1K1'1X npnaeaaxa. IIpo6JIeM CTHIFIKC np1'1rraJJ:HOCTI1 OBI1X
nannaa nonorso jc paaxrarpau y HajHoB1'1jOj crynnja Mal)apcKor apXCOJIOra
CS. I3{tlinta.
' J
He ymuehl1 y nYOJbY aH<:tJII13Y, xoncraryjeuo na OBaKBC aunaxaunje, na
caM1'1M T1'1M H HaJIa3 11'3 PaBHa 1'1Majy aHaJIOr1'1ja ca npnuepnasra KOj1'1 nOTIFly 113
HaCCJI,a If HCKpoIICma y I10nyHaBJby, Eyrapcxoj If PYCIfjIf.!I)
Tlpcxia nannl ananornjaxra I1 crparttrpaqinjn, Ham13 rpo6a ca npIfJI03IfMa
MO)KC},IO naronara y XI nCK.
Cax: IIOJImKaj CPCJJ:lliOBcKoBHor PaBHa, nOBOJbHIf reorparpcxn yCJIOBIf, Ba)KHa
caofipuhajunna HOJIHHOM Moparse. rOBope 0 H,crOBOM TprOBalJKOM If BOjHO-
ctparerujcxosr :ma'lajy. 30ur 'rora jc 1(OJIa3IfJIO no CTaJIHI1X cyxorin.anan,a mrrepcca
If3MCl)y Eyrapcxc 11 Bl1'jaHTHjc na OBOM npocropy y nepuony KaJJ: naryjevo I1 HaIIl
narras.
I1()j(aTaK )\a .Ie rpof OTKpl1BeH y OKBI1PY HaCCJba If JJ:a TOKOM IfCKOrraBaJLa y
CPC)(H,OBeKOBHlII\I CJIojcBI1Ma HHjC 6IfJIO nanasa JbygCK1'1X KOCT1'1jy, yxaayje JJ:a na
OBOM npocropy Hl1jC nocrojana HCKpOnOJIa. seh JJ:a cc pann 0 jCJJ:HOj nojennaa-moj
caxpauu.
YLI.K: 904-03(497.11 ):72UQ/.032. 7
lJ c-. Balint. Sudungarn im ID. Jahrhundcrt, Studia Archaeologica. xt. Budapest. 1991.
lO M. l3aja.;Hll\lIh Xann-Flcuurh. lIaB,JIC;Hl. T. XIII/X.lJ. KaT. 4lJ4. 4X5: H. Cranojcn. Heupouo.u: X-XV
«et:t: \' Boi(wallllli. HOBl1 Can. IlJXlJ. KaT. 311. 4lJ4: D. Minic, Le site dhabitation medieval
de Macvanska Milrovica, S/l'lIIll1l11 X/. Beograd, 19XD. PI. XVIII!5-7: M. Janxonnh, HCKII
nouaun 0 IUpalllI npc)IVICTa 0)1 oriojcunx VICTaJIa na KJI,y'Iy Ilynaua y IX-XI BCKy. 3UOPHll/{
Hapoono: siv.ic]« XI-I. Ecorpan, IlJX3. IOX-IOlJ: A. MlfJI'lCB. HaB.)\eJlO. 33. ofin. 12: P. Pamcn, 3a
C'3l1'ICCKI1>1 ,1HI\CB OOp,l'3 (no nOBO)\ mlKOIl KOJIaHIIIf yxpaca). Ctiopuu« Ii nauett! ua upotb. Catau-«)
Butcnuno«, Corjm>!. llJX4. 12lJ. ofip, liB. r (ayrop cxrarpa na cy Ha OBaKBI1M annnxanajaxra uarc
aHTpOlIllvloprj1HC npcIICTaBC): L. Nidcrlc, Rukovet slovanske archeologie, Prazc, 193 I. 179-1XD.
167
[JIaCHI1K CA)J, 11 113 apXeOJIOlllKI1X 36l1pKH
THE MEDIEVAL ORAVE FROM CUPRLTA
During archaeological investigations carried out from 1986 till 1989 in Cuprija, new
remains of Roman Municipium Horreum Margi were discovered. The houses' remains and
pottery sherds dated into XI-XII century confirmed the existance of medieval settlement on
this site.
Inside nowdays military barracks remains of two houses and one grave were
investigated. The grave is interesting especially considering its location inside the
settlement and grave goods.
The inhumation grave is oval in shape, without any trace of construction. Deceased
person (male) was lied down on his back, with hands crossed on the stomach, oriented E- W
(T. II1). Among grave goods there were one gilded silver ring (T. II3) and one bronze
mount (T. II2).
The ring is made in technique of casting and decorated with engraved and tapped
ornament. The bird with spread wings is presented on the flat elipsoide head of the ring,
while the ring is decorated with engraved vegetabile ornament. This type of the ring is very
frequent in the cemeteries belonging into XI-XII century.
Stretched bronze heart-shaped mounts do not appear very frequently south from
Sava and Danube. The similar shape occures frequently in Bela Brdo culture but as double
heart-shaped pendant. The problem of ethnological belonging of such mounts have not
been solved until present days.
On the basis of the stratigraphy of the site and the grave goods the grave might be
dated into XI century.
Translated by Mira Ruzic
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