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The NEBOSH International Certificate provides organizations with a global presence seeking to adopt an internationally recognized health and safety training course. It is a unique international health & safety standard award. It has the same format & content as the National Certificate but focuses on internationally recognized health & safety standards & priorities (ILO/18001) & best practice in controlling hazards.
Contents: NEBOSH – IGC PROGRAM PLAN Element / Hours 1. Health & Safety Foundations Delivery Method • • • Presentations Guided Discussions Video (DVD) Resources Needed • • • • • 2. Setting Policy for Health & Safety • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • • • • 3. Organizing for Health & Safety • • Presentations Guided Discussions • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speaker s DVD/player Video Projector White Board Markers Laptop/speaker s DVD/player Video projector White board Markers Materials Needed • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation
PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation
PowerPoint slides Handouts
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relating to presentation • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation
4. Promoting a positive Health & Safety Culture
• • •
Presentations Guided Discussions Video (DVD)
• • • • •
Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speaker s DVD/player Video Projector White Board Markers Laptop/speaker s DVD/player
5. Health & Safety Risk Assessment
• • •
Presentations Risk Assessment Game Video (DVD)
• • • • •
• • •
PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation Risk Assessment Game boards & pieces
6. Principles of control in Health & Safety
• • •
Presentations Risk Control Game Video (DVD)
• • • • •
Video Projector White Board Markers Laptop/speaker s DVD/player
• • •
PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation Risk Control Game boards & pieces
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Manual & Mechanical handling hazards & control 9.Element / Hours 7. Movement of people & vehicles – hazards & control 8. Work Equipment hazards & Control Delivery Method • • Presentations Video (DVD) Resources Needed • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Materials Needed • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • 10. Electrical hazards & Control • • • • Presentations Groups activity Guided Discussions Video (DVD) Presentations Groups activity Guided Discussions Video (DVD) • • 11. Chemical 7 Biological Health hazards & Control • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation Page 3 of 23 . Fire hazards & Control • • • • • • 12.
Investigation . The PowerPoint slides have to go hand in hand with the "SHORT NOTES" handouts throughout the training sessions. Construction activities hazards & Control 15.13. The "SHORT NOTES" handouts are only a source of final review & not a text reference. recording & reporting of Health & Safety Incidents 16. The text reference recommended to the NEBOSH IGC delegates to use in their private study is: [Introduction to Health & Safety at Work: Phil Hughes & Ed Ferrett ISBN 978-0-7506-8503-0] Page 4 of 23 . review & audit of health & Safety performance Delivery Method • • • Presentations Guided Discussions Video (DVD) Resources Needed • • • • • • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player Materials Needed • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • • • • • Presentations Groups activity Guided Discussions Video (DVD) • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation NOTES: • • • • The PowerPoint presentation slides provided are for purpose of classroom discussions only & not a source of review or reference. Monitoring. Physical & psychologic al hazards & Control • • • Presentations Groups activity Video (DVD) • • • • • Video projector White board Markers Laptop/speakers DVD/player • • PowerPoint slides Handouts relating to presentation Element / Hours 14.
Private study should take place after the sessions end & the "SHORT NOTES" should be used to review. Page 5 of 23 . The text reference Introduction to Health & Safety at Work is to be used as a source of detailed background information in private study time. The key learning points of each element are mentioned in the beginning of each element throughout the "SHORT NOTES" handouts.• • • • The delegates will be recommended to use the above mentioned book as a text of reference.
Continued Lunch Break Element 1: Health & Safety Foundations .NEBOSH – IGC SCHEME OF WORK & TIME TABLE WEEK 1 Day 1: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Element Introduction & Element 1: Health & Safety Foundations Break Element 1: Health & Safety Foundations .Continued Tutor Day 3: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 Element Element 4: Promoting a positive Health & Safety Culture Break Element 4: Promoting a positive Health & Safety Culture Continued Lunch Break Element 5: Health & Safety Risk Assessment Tutor 1230-1330 1330-1430 Page 6 of 23 .Continued Tutor Day 2: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1115 Element Element 2: Setting Policy for Health & Safety Break Element 2: Setting Policy for Health & Safety – Continued Element3: Organizing for Health & Safety 1115-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Lunch Break Element3: Organizing for Health & Safety .
Continued Element 6: Principles of Control in Health & Safety Lunch Break Element 6: Principles of Control in Health & Safety .Day 4: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1115 Element Element 5: Health & Safety Risk Assessment .Continued Tutor 1115-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Day 5: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 Element Element 7: Movement of People & Vehicles – hazards & Control Break Element 7: Movement of People & Vehicles – hazards & Control Continued Lunch Break Element 8: Manual & Mechanical Handling hazards & Control Tutor 1230-1330 1330-1430 Page 7 of 23 .Continued Break Element 5: Health & Safety Risk Assessment .
WEEK 2 Day 1: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Element Element 9: Work Equipment hazards & Control Break Element 9: Work Equipment hazards & Control .Continued Tutor 1000-1015 1015-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Page 8 of 23 .Continued Lunch Break Element 12: Chemical & Biological Health hazards & Control Tutor Day 3: Time 0900-1000 Element Element 12: Chemical & Biological Health hazards & Control .Continued Lunch Break Element 10: Electrical hazards & Control Tutor Day 2: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 1230-1330 1330-1430 Element Element 11: Fire hazards & Control Break Element 11: Fire hazards & Control .Continued Break Element 13: Physical & psychological Health hazards & Control Lunch Break Element 13: Physical & psychological Health hazards & Control .
Day 4: Time 0900-1000 1000-1015 1015-1230 Element Element 14: Construction activities – hazards & Control Break Element 14: Construction activities – hazards & Control continued Lunch Break Element 15: Investigation.Continued Tutor 1000-1015 1015-1230 1230-1330 1330-1530 Page 9 of 23 . recording & reporting of health & safety Incidents . recording & reporting of health & safety Incidents Tutor 1230-1330 1330-1430 Day 5: Time 0900-1000 Element Element 15: Investigation.continued Break Element 16: Monitoring. review & audit of health & safety performance Lunch Break Element 16: Monitoring. review & audit of health & safety performance .
organizing. Work safe (Western Australia)). European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU). occupational disease and work-related ill-health (physiological and psychological). safe systems of work. Meanings of and distinctions between: • • • Health. investigation. welfare and environmental protection Occupational accidents. examples of sources of information provided by the websites or publicity offices of national or international agencies (e. behavioral issues). action for improvement (preventive and corrective action and continual improvement).ELEMENTS CONTENTS ELEMENT 1: HEALTH & SAFETY FOUNDATIONS: The multi-disciplinary nature of health and safety. principles of fault and no-fault compensation systems. and competent workers. planning and implementation. ISO. dangerous occurrences and near-misses. Sources of information on health and safety (internal and external to the organization).g. ILO). International Labor Organization (ILO). Health and Safety Executive (UK). evaluation (monitoring and measurement. training and supervision. The moral/social and economic arguments for maintaining good standards of health and safety • • • The size of the health and safety ‘problem’ in terms of numbers of work-related fatalities and injuries and incidence of ill-health Direct and indirect costs of accidents and ill-health: insured and uninsured costs. safe plant and equipment. audit). commuting accidents Hazard and risk. safety. A framework for health and safety management: policy. Typical frameworks for regulating health and safety • • • • Employers’ legal responsibilities Workers’ legal responsibilities and rights The role of enforcement agencies and the consequences of non-compliance International standards and conventions (e. workers’ compensation and the role of insurance. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA). The need to provide a safe place of work. competing & conflicting demands. the obstacles to good standards of health and safety: (complexity.g. Page 10 of 23 .
Organizing for health and safety: allocation of responsibilities. Page 11 of 23 . The circumstances that may lead to a need to review the health and safety policy (e. the public) Directors and senior managers for implementing. the arrangements. on behalf of the employer. consultation. Setting targets: general statement of intent. setting objective and quantifiable targets. the role of managers in influencing the health and safety policy and monitoring effectiveness. concept of ‘benchmarking’. signatory to statement. contractors. safety and welfare of workers and the health and safety of those affected by work activities (eg visitors. communication and monitoring and reviewing compliance with. Standards and guidance related to health and safety policy.ELEMENT 2: SETTING POLICY FOR HEALTH & SAFETY: The role of the health and safety policy in decision-making: the needs of different organizations. and assessing the effectiveness of. passage of time. controlling hazards. lines of communication: feedback loops. technological. objectives and key elements of a health and safety policy in terms of: • • • Stating the overall aims of the organization in terms of health and safety performance Defining the health and safety roles and responsibilities of individuals within the organization Specifying the arrangements for achieving general and specific aims. the health and safety policy Middle managers and supervisors for the health and safety of subordinates Persons with primary health and safety functions Workers for the health and safety of themselves and others who may be affected by their acts or omissions Persons in control of premises and plant provided for business purposes for the health and safety of those using the premises or plant.g. Health and safety arrangements: the importance of specifying the organization's arrangements for planning and organizing. The aims. ELEMENT 3: ORGANIZING FOR HEALTH & SAFETY: The roles and responsibilities of: • • • • • • The employer (corporate and non-corporate) for the health. results of monitoring). organizational or legal changes.
worker representation). Tangible outputs or indicators of an organization's health and safety culture (e. manufacturers and designers of articles and substances for use at work in relation to the health and safety of their products and the provision of information. sickness rates. level of compliance with health and safety rules and procedures. uncertainty. reorganization. accidents. The importance and means of consulting with workers on health and safety issues: the distinction between ‘informing’ and ‘consulting’. production demands. stakeholders. behavior of and standard of decision-making by management). Human behavior • • • • • • Individual. complaints about working conditions). job and organizational factors Attitude. Factors promoting a negative health and safety culture (e. ELEMENT 4: PROMOTING A POSITIVE HEALTH & SAFETY CULTURE: Definition of the term ‘health and safety culture’. Shared responsibilities in the case of joint occupation of premises: co-operation and coordination. effective planning and co-ordination of contracted work. enforcement.g. management commitment. absenteeism. economics).The responsibilities of the self-employed: for the health and safety of themselves and others.g. trade unions. The relationship between client and contractor and the duties each has to the other and to the other’s workers. insurance companies.g. Correlation between health and safety culture and health and safety performance. societal expectations. The supply chain and the general duties of suppliers. staff turnover. Page 12 of 23 . External influences on health and safety (e. Internal influences on health and safety (e.g. competence. aptitude and motivation Perception of risk Errors and violations Effects of age and experience The influence of peers. communication. procedures for the selection of contractors.
distinction between acute and chronic health effects. cleaners. and legal and economic effects on the organization. utility and limitations of accident ratios in accident prevention Accidents in terms of injury: slips/trips/falls. falling objects. biological. collision with objects. physical. injury accident. legislation. process change. electricity. Use and effectiveness of notice boards and health and safety propaganda (films. animals. contractors. psychological. incident data Identifying population at risk: operatives. dangerous occurrence. Co-operation and consultation with the workforce (roles and benefits of worker participation. job change. ELEMENT 5: HEALTH & SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT: Definitions of hazard and risk. transport. visitors. worker handbooks 3. public Page 13 of 23 . Introduction of new legislation. Merits and limitations of different methods of communication (verbal. violence Health risks: chemical. posters). introduction of new technology). asphyxiation/drowning. maintenance staff. typical ratios of incident outcomes and their relevance in terms of the proportion of non injury events. manual handling. damage only.Effecting cultural change • • • • Securing commitment of management Promoting health and safety standards by leadership and example Use of competent personnel with relevant knowledge. written and graphic) 2. Objectives of risk assessment. • • Risk assessment process: • • Identifying hazards: sources and form of harm. toolbox talks. job/task analysis. Training: • • • The effect of training on human reliability Opportunities and need for training provision (induction. manufacturers’ information. Categorization of: • Different types of outcome: ill-health. trapping/crushing under or between object/s. contact with machinery/hand tools. memos. roles of inspections. contact with chemicals. fire and explosion. outcomes of incidents/events in terms of human harm. skills and work experience Effective communication within the organization: 1. falls from height. videos. safety committees and worker feedback). nearmiss.
general control hierarchy. sources and examples of legislation applying controls to specified hazards.g. information and supervision to workers. General hierarchy of control • • • • • Elimination/substitution Changing work methods/patterns Isolation/segregation Engineering control Personal protective equipment (requirements. concepts of ‘safe place’ and ‘safe person’ Providing appropriate training. Special case applications to vulnerable groups such as: young persons. acceptable/tolerable risk levels. process/equipment/staff/legal changes. including role. use of guidance. information to be recorded Reviewing: reasons for review (eg incidents. Safe systems of work • • • • • Responsibility of the employer to provide safe systems of work Role of competent persons in the development of safe systems Importance of worker involvement in the development of safe systems Importance and relevance of written procedures The distinction between technical. benefits and limitations). prioritization based on risk. categories and features of safety signs.g. qualitative and semi-quantitative risk ranking. distinction between priorities and time scales Recording significant findings: format. ELEMENT 6: PRINCIPLES OF CONTROL IN HEALTH & SAFETY: General principles of prevention • • • • • • • • • Avoiding risks Evaluating unavoidable risks Controlling hazards at source Adapting work to the individual Adapting to technical progress Replacing the dangerous by the less/non-dangerous Developing a coherent prevention policy Giving priority to collective protective measures (e. personal protection). procedural and behavioral controls Page 14 of 23 . residual risk. expectant and nursing mothers and disabled workers.• • • • Evaluating risk and adequacy of current controls: likelihood of harm and probable severity. time) Criteria for a suitable and sufficient risk assessment. engineering control) over individual protective measures (e.
use of signs and personal protective equipment. flying or falling objects. first-aid and other emergencies Principles. and maintenance of process equipment). 4. striking by moving. identifying hazards and assessing risks Introducing controls and formulating procedures Instruction and training in the operation of the system Monitoring the system Permits-to-work: • • Operation and application Typical permits and circumstances in which they may be appropriate (e. role and requirements of emergency medical response and first-aid provision Arrangements for contacting emergency and rescue services Coverage in relation to shift work and geographical location. lone working and working and traveling abroad in relation to systems of work: 1. 2. spillage control and drainage. Control strategies for pedestrian hazards • • Risk assessment. slip resistant surfaces. pedestrians or fixed objects Conditions and environments in which each hazard may arise. striking against fixed or stationary objects Conditions and environments in which each hazard may arise.• Development of a safe system of work with specific examples of confined spaces. Vehicle operations • • Typical hazards causing loss of control and overturning of vehicles. 3. collisions with other vehicles. environmental considerations (heating. Analyzing tasks. work on electrical systems. training and supervision Maintenance of a safe workplace: cleaning and housekeeping requirements. fencing and guarding. Page 15 of 23 . designated walkways. hot work. trips and falls on the same level.g. collisions with moving vehicles. noise and dust). access and egress. instruction. Emergency procedures and arrangements: • • • • Importance of developing emergency procedures in relation to fire. falls from a height. lighting. information. ELEMENT 7: MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE & VEHICLES – HAZARDS & CONTROL: Hazards to pedestrians • • Typical hazards causing: slips.
hoists. changes of level. Recognized techniques for manually lifting loads to avoid musculoskeletal disorders due to lifting. Ergonomic assessment of manual handling risks by considering the task. gradients. site rules. including hand tools. Hazards associated with.including meeting basic safety standards The need to restrict the use of equipment with specific risks to appropriate persons Provision of information. conveyors and cranes. the load. power tools and machinery Suitability for the task . environmental considerations (visibility. markings. the individual and the working environment. ELEMENT 8: MANUAL & MECHANICAL HANDLING HAZARDS & CONTROL: Common types of manual handling hazards and injuries. selection and training of drivers. management systems for assuring driver competence including local codes of practice. management of vehicle movements. pallet trucks). poor posture and repetitive or awkward movements. stability. and training to operators. instruction. lighting. manually operated load moving equipment (sack trucks. clear unobstructed workspace What is expected of operators? Page 16 of 23 . Means of minimizing the risks from manual handling. and safe use and maintenance of. protective measures for people and structures (barriers. markings and warnings. lifts. maintenance staff and managers The need for equipment to be maintained and for maintenance to be conducted safely The need for periodic examination and testing of pressure systems Importance of operation and emergency controls. fork-lift trucks. surface conditions). ELEMENT 9: WORK EQUIPMENT HAZARDS & CONTROL: General • • • • • • • • Types of work equipment.Control strategies for safe vehicle operations: risk assessment. warnings of vehicle approach and reversing). maintenance of vehicles. signs. suitability and sufficiency of traffic routes. The need for periodic examination/testing of lifting equipment. driver protection and restraint systems. Means of segregating pedestrians and vehicles and the measures to be taken when segregation is not practicable.
g. compactor and checkout conveyor system) and construction machinery (e.g. first-aid treatment for electric shock Electrical burns: direct and indirect Electrical fires: common causes Portable electrical equipment: conditions and practices likely to lead to accidents (unsuitable equipment. allow maintenance without removal. manufacturing/maintenance machinery (e. Page 17 of 23 . current path. current and resistance. frequency. inadequate maintenance.g. not increase risk or restrict view. retail machinery (e. drill. cylinder mower and strimmer). not easily bypassed. two-hand controls. trip devices. agricultural/horticultural machinery (e. relationship between voltage. flammable atmosphere) Hazards of portable power tools (e. photocopier and document shredder). duration. factors influencing severity: voltage. Hazards of electricity • • • • • Electric shock and its effect on the body. Machinery • • Main mechanical and non-mechanical hazards and how harm may result from them. bench-top grinder.g. sander) and the means of control. adjustable/self-adjusting guards. instruction.g. maintained. use of defective apparatus) Secondary hazards (e. adequate strength. suitability for purpose and location in which they are used (e.g. interlocked guards. training and supervision Application of the above methods to the range of equipment listed Basic principles for guards and safety devices: compatible with process. merits and limitations of the following methods of protection: fixed guards. protective appliances. including office machinery (e. resistance. information.g. in particular their condition. cement mixer and benchmounted circular saw) The principles. falls from heights). ISO 12100 classification of hazards The hazards presented by a range of equipment.g.Hand-held tools • • Hazards of misuse of hand tools and controls for safe use. and pedestal drill). • • • ELEMENT 10: ELECTRICAL HAZARDS & CONTROL: Principles of electricity • Basic circuitry. frequency.
Page 18 of 23 . ELEMENT 11: FIRE HAZARDS & CONTROL: Basic principles of fire: • • • • The fire triangle. sources of ignition. reduced low voltage systems. dry powder. frequency of inspection and testing. Control measures to minimize the risk of fire in a workplace: • • • • • Elimination of or reduction in the use and storage of flammable and combustible materials Control of ignition sources Systems of work Good housekeeping Safe storage and use of flammable liquids. records of inspection and testing. stairs. fuel. isolation. Assessment of fire risks and the matters to be addressed in carrying out an assessment. formal inspection and tests.Control measures • • • Selection and suitability of equipment Advantages and limitations of protective systems: fuses. advantages and limitations. radiation and direct burning Common causes and consequences of fires in workplaces. gaseous. double insulation Inspection and maintenance strategies: user checks. exit and directional signs. protection of openings and voids. conduction. provisions for the infirm and disabled. foam. emergency lighting. advantages and limitations of portable appliance testing. vaporizing liquids. assembly points. siting. and oxygen in a typical workplace Classification of fires Methods of heat transmission and fire spread: convection. Structural measures to prevent the spread of fire and smoke: properties of common building materials. residual current devices. Emergency evacuation procedures: fire marshals. maintenance and training requirements Extinguishing media: water. doors. earthing. fire drills. roll call. passageways. Fire detection. fire warning and fire-fighting equipment: • • • Common fire detection and alarm systems Portable firefighting equipment: identification. Means of escape: travel distances.
The health hazards of specific agents. HSE list of Occupational Exposure Limits (UK).g. passive samplers and smoke tubes). use and limitations of basic monitoring equipment (such as stain tube detectors. vapors and liquids. fumes. the circumstances in which they might be present. ammonia. Maximum Allowable Concentrations. etc) Long term and short term limits Limitations of exposure limits International variations and attempts at harmonization (e. Difference between acute and chronic health effects. chlorine. EU Indicative Limit Values). Routes/modes of entry of hazardous substances into the body and body reaction in the form of superficial and cellular defense mechanisms with particular reference to the hazardous substances listed above. corrosive. General classification of chemical substances hazardous to health (e. legionella and hepatitis. irritant. carbon dioxide. bacteria and viruses. information typically to be included by supplier Use and limitations of information in assessing risks to health. Occupational Exposure Limits. Workplace exposure limits • • • • Application of relevant limits (Threshold Limit Values. Control measures • • • • Elimination or substitution of hazardous substances or form of substance Process changes Reduced time exposure. lead. gases. harmful. silica. asbestos. carcinogenic).ELEMENT 12: CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL HEALTH HAZARDS & CONTROL: Forms of chemical agent: dusts. Assessment of health risks from chemical and biological hazards • Basic surveys for health risks. isocyanates.g. leptospira. ACGIH list of Threshold Limit Values (US) Manufacturers’ safety data sheets and responsibility for their provision. Forms of biological agent: fungi. significance of time weighted averages Enclosure of hazards. organic solvents. toxic. segregation of process and people Page 19 of 23 . carbon monoxide. Sources of information (hazard communication) • • • • Product labels EU list of Indicative Limit Values. mists.
adjustability. ELEMENT 13: PHYSICAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH HAZARDS & CONTROL: Task and workstation design • • • • • The principles of ergonomics as applied to the workplace The ill-health effects of poorly designed tasks and workstations. eye protection) Personal hygiene and protection (e. Welfare and work environment issues • Principal expectations (supply of drinking water. sanitary conveniences. Key concepts of environmental issues relating to waste disposal. intensity. seating. application and limitations of personal hearing protection: types. effluent and atmospheric pollution control. ventilation. selection. etc). selection. types of equipment and their suitability for different substances. rest and eating facilities.g. accommodation for clothing. Noise • • • • • • The effects on hearing of exposure to noise The meaning of terms commonly used in the measurement of sound (sound pressure. Page 20 of 23 . the decibel scale and dB(A) Acceptable and unacceptable levels of noise Simple noise measurement techniques Basic noise control techniques (isolation. damping and silencing) The purpose. overalls. absorption. washing facilities. equipment (user requirements. inspection/testing Use and limitations of dilution ventilation Respiratory protection equipment: purpose. musculoskeletal problems including work-related upper limb disorders. hand/arm vibration The factors giving rise to ill-health conditions: task (repetitive. environment (lighting. insulation. glare. use and maintenance of respiratory equipment Other protective equipment and clothing (gloves. the components of a basic system and the factors that may reduce its effectiveness. the main elements of an analysis of a display screen equipment workstation Preventive and precautionary measures. strenuous. application and effectiveness. etc). vaccination) regimes Health and medical surveillance. use.• • • • • • Local exhaust ventilation: general applications and principles of capture and removal of hazardous substances. etc) Examples of risk activities such as keyboard operation and assembly of small components. heating and lighting). maintenance and attenuation factors. frequency).
ionizing and non-ionizing radiation and their health effects. including building.HAZARDS & CONTROL: General • • • • Scope of construction. ladder hoops. assessment. control strategies. Page 21 of 23 . including fragile roofs. control strategies Risk factors relating to violence at work (both between workers and by third parties). International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations on dose limits Typical occupational sources of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation Basic radiation protection and control strategies. Stress. and distinction between. toe boards. prevention strategies Effects on health and safety of alcohol and drugs (prescribed and controlled). unprotected edges. Working at height • • • • • • Examples of work activities involving the risk of falling from height. violence and drugs at work • • • Causes and effects of occupational stress. fencing. excavations Management controls that can be applied for significant construction projects. platforms. site security. electricity. deterioration of materials. ELEMENT 14: CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES . the significance of injuries arising from falls of two meters and more Basic hazards of work above ground level. unstable/poorly maintained access equipment. including the use of guard rails. including machinery/vehicles. working at height. access boards and fall arrest harnesses Head protection Safe working practices for common forms of access equipment. selection and control of contractors.Heat and radiation • • • • The effects of exposure to extremes of temperature. including simple scaffolds (including mobile tower scaffolds). mobile elevating work platforms and ladders The need for a system of inspection of scaffolds. preventive measures The types of. weather and falling materials Main precautions necessary to prevent falls and falling materials. maintenance and demolition Safe stacking and storage of materials and flammable substances Main hazards and controls relating to construction and demolition.
• Health hazards commonly encountered in construction activities: noise and vibration. checks for buried services. Page 22 of 23 . plans. solvents. complaints by workforce. barriers. typical examples of injuries.Excavations • • Hazards of work in and around excavations. materials and vehicles. cleaners. not working close to excavators. materials or people falling in. Reporting of events to external agencies. flood and hazardous substances Precautions necessary to prevent injury when working in and around excavations. dangerous occurrences and near-misses. RECORDING & REPORTING OF HEALTH & SAFETY INCIDENTS: Role and function of investigation of accidents. dust (including asbestos). photographs. buried services. ELEMENT 15: INVESTIGATION. position and routes for equipment. including basic methods of shoring and battering. Internal systems for collecting. relevant records. care filling in The need for a system of inspection of excavations. crossing points. cement. lighting and warning signs. and enforcement action. ELEMENT 16: MONITORING. collapse of the excavation or structures near by. including equipment. personal protective equipment. diseases and dangerous occurrences that might be reportable to external agencies. PERFORMANCE: REVIEW & AUDIT OF HEALTH & SAFETY Active monitoring measures including the monitoring of performance standards and the systematic inspection of plant and premises. analyzing and communicating data. cases of ill-health and other occurrences. Basic investigation procedures • • • Interviews. ill-health. Reactive monitoring measures including data on accidents. access ladders. recording. checklists Identifying immediate causes (unsafe acts and conditions) and root or underlying causes (management system failures) Identifying remedial actions.
information gathering. use of checklists. Auditing • • • • Scope and purpose of auditing health and safety management systems. competence of inspector. Who Should Attend? Managers. Aims of performance review. notifications and interviews Responsibility for audits Advantages and disadvantages of external and internal audits. as part of their day to day duties. who have responsibility for managing environment issues. distinction between audits and inspections Pre-audit preparations. Duration: 10 Days 1 Day Exam Page 23 of 23 . persuasiveness. allocation of responsibilities and priorities for action after inspections and examinations (legal or otherwise) The requirements for effective report writing (style. supervisors and employees. Use of safety sampling. structure. emphasis.Workplace inspections • • Role of workplace inspections: factors governing frequency and type of inspection. relevance of results of monitoring activity to review process. etc).
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