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“Pipeline” Model of Publishing 1
1 Kahin, Brian. Institutional and Policy Issues in the Development of the Digital Library. 1995. <http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0001.120> . Web. 1 May 2010.
Proportions of Article Output in SMT 2 4% 2% 30% 64% Commercial Publishing Companies Learned Societies University Presses Government Research Department 2 Professional Scholarly Publishing.org/pubFacts/pubFacts_008.pspcentral.cfm > . 1 May 2010. . Web. 2010. <http://www. Publishing Facts.
2007.0010. Web. .3998/3336451.org/10.doi. 1 May 2010.107>.Building a collective knowledge base Communicating information Validating the quality of research Distributing rewards Building scientific communities 3 Solomon. David J. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age. < http://dx.
20.org/pubFacts/pubFacts_008.pspcentral. Web.000 peer-reviewed journals More than 1 Mio articles published annually 80% of papers subject to peer review were reviewed by 2 or more reviewers Active reviewers referee an average of 8 papers/year 4 Professional Scholarly Publishing.cfm > . . 1 May 2010. <http://www.000-25. 2010. Publishing Facts.
pspcentral. <http://www. Web. › About 20% are rejected prior to peer review poor quality (13%) out of scope (8%)) › 30% are rejected following peer review. 5 Professional Scholarly Publishing. Publishing Facts.cfm > . 40% are accepted subject to revision. 1 May 2010. . Average acceptance rate for journals is about 50%.org/pubFacts/pubFacts_008. Of the 50% accepted. 2010.
.Author Editor Referee 6 Peters.org/10.doi. 1995.117>. John.3998/3336451. 1 May 2010. The Hundred Years War Started Today: An exploration of electronic peer review. < http://dx. Web.0001.
org/10. 1995. “Single Blind” Reviews › the reviewer knows the identity of the author.0001.doi.117>. Web. 1 May 2010. John. . < http://dx.3998/3336451. but the reviewer‟s identity is kept confidential “Double Blind” Reviews › neither the reviewer nor the author‟s identities are disclosed to the other “Open” Peer Reviews › author and the reviewer are both aware of each other‟s identity at the time of the review 7 Peters. The Hundred Years War Started Today: An exploration of electronic peer review.
. Web. < http://dx. The Hundred Years War Started Today: An exploration of electronic peer review.3998/3336451. 1 May 2010.org/10.117>. The lack of timely publication › Four to six months is fast for a scholarly journal. John.doi. 1995.0001. two years not uncommon The formulaic approach often adopted by reviewers limits creativity 8 Peters.
< http://dx.Eliminating the tradition of blinding the reviewers‟ identities Making the full peer-review record public Opening the review process to anyone who wishes to provide comments › Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence › BioMed Central Treating publications as organic documents that evolve over time (ETAI) › Atmospheric Chemistry and Physcs 9 Solomon. 1 May 2010. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age. Web. . 2007.107>.3998/3336451.doi.org/10. David J.0010.
3998/3336451. 1 May 2010. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age.doi. David J. .Serve to facilitate communication among scholars Provides at least the same level of quality control as traditional peer review Fosters scientific communities 10 Solomon. < http://dx.org/10.0010. Web. 2007.107>.
org/10.107>. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age. Web.0010. David J.3998/3336451. 2007. . 1 May 2010. Paper format = subscription model › Individual subscriber › Institutional subscriptions Online journals = “big deals” › License fees “Open Access” = new funding models › community service model › author-side payments 11 Solomon. < http://dx.doi.
102>.3998/3336451.Access to material via the Internet in such a way that the material is free for all users to read and use A grass-roots movement of scientists advocating the publication of scientific journals openly on the Web started in the mid-1990s The advantages of Open Access Open Access Logo 12 Björk. Web. Bo-Christer and Turid Hedlund. < http://dx. Two Scenarios for How Scholarly Publishers Could Change Their Business Model to Open Access.0012.org/10.doi. . 1 May 2010. 2009.
0012. < http://dx. .org/10. Web. Of PeerReviewed OA Journals 2002 2009 13 Björk. 2009.102>.No. 1 May 2010. Two Scenarios for How Scholarly Publishers Could Change Their Business Model to Open Access.doi. Bo-Christer and Turid Hedlund. Of Peer-Reviewed OA Journals 13 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 No.3998/3336451.
Joseph J. . Web.doi. Open Access 2. < http://dx.The desire to share information with fellow researchers Open access as a condition of a funding grant Article was rejected by Journals Reservations about working with large organizations suspicions about the concept of intellectual property 14 Esposito. 1 May 2010.org/10.203>. 2009.3998/3336451.0011.0: Access to Scholarly Publications Moves to a New Phase.
doi. Bo-Christer and Turid Hedlund.org/10. Web. Two Scenarios for How Scholarly Publishers Could Change Their Business Model to Open Access. 1 May 2010. University libraries) have a strong pressure to buy subscriptions and licenses from all the leading publishers For publishing researchers. prestige of the journal often more important than OA Author charges a new type of cost for universities or research funders Changing the business model has proven to be much more difficult and time-consuming than envisaged 5–10 years ago (Book Help) 15 Björk.0012. 2009. .e. Industry with a few dominant publishers Customers (i.3998/3336451.102>. < http://dx.
.102>.470 peer-reviewed online journals and full open access to a number of them › BioMed Central 16 Björk. < http://dx.3998/3336451.0012.264 journals.Oxford University Press offers “Oxford Open” to 90 journals and 6 fully open access journals.doi. Web. 2009.org/10. Bo-Christer and Turid Hedlund. which covers almost all of their1. Wiley-Blackwell offers Online Open. Two Scenarios for How Scholarly Publishers Could Change Their Business Model to Open Access. Springer offers Open Choice to all of its 1. 1 May 2010.
org/about> Web. <http://www. The Scholarly Kitchen is a moderated and independent blog Established in Feb 2008 by the Society for Scholarly Publishing to: › › › › › › Keep SSP members and interested parties aware of new developments in publishing Point to research reports and projects Interpret the significance of relevant research in a balanced way Suggest areas that need more input by identifying gaps in knowledge Translate findings from related endeavors Attract the community of STM information experts interested in these things and give them a place to contribute 17 Scholarly Kitchen.sspnet. About. 1 May 2010. . .scholarlykitchen.
Features of Google Scholar › › › › Ranking system › › › › Search Find Locate Learn weighing the full text of each document. .scholarl. 18 Google Scholar. . 1 May 2010.google. where it was published who it was written by how often and how recently it has been cited in other scholarly literature.com/about> Web. About. <http://www.
. 2007.org/10. Google Scholar: Potentially Good for Users of Academic Information.doi.3998/3336451. and the currency of the content Not restricted to peer-reviewed content: too much or too little useful content One opportunity open to Google Scholar is to offer searches that recognize the context of the words used in searching. 1 May 2010. < http://dx. Frederick J.Concerns about the definition of "scholarly" in determining inclusion or exclusion. 19 Friend.0009. Web.105>.
0 .The future internet: Service Web 3.
not only to be useful for human-human communication. Tim and James Hendler. yet even where information is derived from a database with well-defined meanings. the implications of those data are not evident to a robot browsing the web. 2001.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. Computers are better at handling carefully structured and well-designed data. 20 Berners-Lee.nature.The Web was designed as an information space. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’. More information on the web needs to be in a form that machines can „understand‟ rather than simply display.htm. http://www. but also that machines would be able to participate and help users communicate with each other. Web. 1 May 2010 .
http://www. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’. Semantic Web Technology involves asking people to make some extra effort. Web. 2001. 21 Berners-Lee.nature.htm. 1 May 2010 .com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. Tim and James Hendler. in repayment for which they will get substantial new functionality A new set of languages is now being developed to make more web content accessible to machines.
and users will thus be able to issue significantly more precise queries.htm. Web. 22 Berners-Lee. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. Tim and James Hendler. 1 May 2010 .nature.Tools for publishing papers on the web will automatically help users to include more of this machine-readable markup Whereas current tools using XML (Extensible Markup Language) can allow a user to assert general descriptions the new languages will be able to express more details Papers that include this new markup language will be found by new and better search engines. http://www. 2001.
1 May 2010 .nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’.htm. one will be able to produce machine-readable content that will provide a self-evolving translator that allows one group of scientists to directly interact with the technical data produced by another 23 Berners-Lee.The semantic web will facilitate the development of automated methods for helping users to understand the content produced by those in other scientific disciplines On the semantic web. Tim and James Hendler. 2001. http://www. Web.
Tim and James Hendler.nature. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’. 1 May 2010 .com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee.The Semantic Web will allow users to create relationships that allow communication when the commonality of concept has not (yet) led to a commonality of terms. Web. 2001. http://www. The semantic web will provide unifying underlying technologies to allow these concepts to be progressively linked into a universal web of knowledge 24 Berners-Lee.htm.
nature. Web. Tim and James Hendler.htm. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’. 2001. 1 May 2010 .com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. separate from the writings of physicists. http://www. “ “Does this sound like a crazy science-fiction dream? A decade ago. chemists. psychologists will someday become as out of date as the print journal is becoming to our graduate students. who would have believed a web of text. would challenge a 200-year-old tradition of academic publishing?” 'Tim Berners-Lee & James Hendler 25 Berners-Lee. conveyed by computer. “The very notion of a journal of medicine separate from a journal of bioinformatics.
com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/bernerslee. Joseph M.104>.org/10. Bo-Christer and Turid Hedlund. Publish. Friend.doi. Tim and James Hendler.107>.0011. 1 May 2010.org/10. Solomon. The Body in the Virtual Library: Rethinking Scholarly Communication. 1 May 2010. Web.0010. 1 May 2010. John.org/10.doi.doi.0003.0010. 1 May 2010. 1 May 2010. 1 May 2010. 1995.3998/3336451.309>. 2001. Björk.htm. .doi. Joseph J.105>.0001. < http://dx. Berners-Lee.doi.102>.3998/3336451. Peters.0001.0012.203>. 1992. Electronic Journal of Cognitive and Brain Science: A Truly All-Electronic Journal: Let Democracy Replace Peer Review. < http://dx. < http://dx. Peters. David J. 1 May 2010. Brian.0001.doi. 2007. Web. 1995. Paul. 1997. don‟t perish: the scholar‟s guide to academic writing and publishing. Nadasdy. 2009.org/10. 2007. Frederick J.3998/3336451.0009. Web. Moxley. < http://dx. Web.3998/3336451. Web. < http://dx. Web. < http://dx. Arnold.org/10.3998/3336451. Open Access 2.103>. Two Scenarios for How Scholarly Publishers Could Change Their Business Model to Open Access. 1 May 2010. Institutional and Policy Issues in the Development of the Digital Library.3998/3336451.org/10. Zoltan. Esposito.3998/3336451. Web.3998/3336451. Kahin. Kenneth. 1995.0: Access to Scholarly Publications Moves to a New Phase. Scientific publishing on the 'semantic web’. < http://dx.doi. Web. How to Attack Manuscripts like an editor or reviewer. Web.nature. <http://dx. 1 May 2010.doi.org/10. The Hundred Years War Started Today: An exploration of electronic peer review. Redefining Scholarly Publishing as a Service Industry. http://www. 2007. Print.org/10.120> . Web. 2009.doi.org/10. 1 May 2010.117>.3998/3336451. < http://dx. The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age. Google Scholar: Potentially Good for Users of Academic Information.
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