Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System (SDFA-DC

Scalable high-speed feeder automation solution for unattended service restoration
Type SDR Recloser Features n Rapid FLISR for minimal outage time n Scalable for maximum cost effectiveness n Decentralized peer-to-peer architecture, no master required n Easily integrates into SCADA networks Type Vector Switch n Standardized IEC 61850 & DNP3 protocols n Multiple control points n Advanced monitoring functions n Load balancing and monitoring n Critical-load transfer schemes n Failsafe remote and manual operation Type 7SJ80 Protective Relay n Simulation mode for offline testing and configuration n Sequential logic programming for precise operation n One software package programs logic n Turnkey solution from primary switch to automation n Each system thoroughly tested before shipping The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System (SDFA-DC) restores service to unfaulted sections of distribution feeder lines—with or without operator intervention. In the event of a line fault, the system rapidly identifies the fault location and attempts to reestablish service over the line. If the fault condition has cleared, the distribution feeder returns to normal operation. If the fault condition does not clear within a utility-specified amount of time or number of restoration attempts, the system isolates the faulted section and restores service to operable sections of the line. The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System minimizes feeder down time by quickly and automatically restoring operation to serviceable feeder sections, while isolating those requiring repair. This results in minimal outfewer service calls, and reduced monitoring and management demands. How it works In the traditional approach, a utility typically receives a fault notification fromcustomer experiencing an outage. The trouble desk would then dispatch personnel to locate and isolate the fault, restore service to unaffected sectionsline, and repair any damage prior to returning the feeder to normal opThe Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System automates the fault detection, location, and isolation tasks automatically restores service to viable sections of line, thus minimizing outage time and dispatch expenses.

Siemens distribution feeder automation system

Fault P4-P5 Fault Isolated State 1 . If service cannot be restored within a predetermined number of reclose attempts. Simple switching logic The fault isolation and service restoration tasks are performed according to simple sequential switching logic programmed into every PLC (Fig. and reclosers located along the feeder (Fig. pole-mounted intelligent protective relays control automated sectionalizing switches.To accomplish these tasks.Fault P4-P5 Open P5 State 2 . fault information. problems are detected in less than 100 ms.Restoration Service Restored P3 P4 P5 Circuit Recloser Recloser Breaker Fault Isolation < 0. Sequences for load balancing and load transfer can also be programmed.” occurs along the feeder.Fault P4-P5 Close P3 State 4 .Restoration Close P4 State 4 .3 sec Fig. 2). the relay in each affected section receives information about the jump and compares it to the line current conditions in the adjacent sections. Each sectionalizing switch or recloser contains a current sensor that continuously supplies line current data to the relay in each adjacent feeder section. Fault isolation and service restoration When a fault is detected.Restoration Close P1 State 3 . 5). Thus. circuit breakers.Restoration Open P3 State 2 . or “jump. Because the relays communicate with each other in a peer-to-peer fashion. When a current spike. Rapid fault detection Fault detection is accomplished using high speed differential equations residing within each PLC. the system has complete flexibility to execute desired sequences based on operating mode. the system operates autonomously with no need for a master controller. Once the faulted section is isolated. and system status as combined Fig. the system will cycle the circuit breaker or recloser located immediately upstream of the fault in an attempt to maintain full distribution feeder service. the system will close unaffected switching devices as necessary to maintain service on all serviceable sections of line. Each feeder section contains a relay with a powerful programmable logic controller (PLC) that can be easily configured by the utility to operate the switching devices in response to local or network conditions. create logical sequences that control the isolation and restoration processes. Fault detection occurs quickly—in a system with WiMAXconnected relays. Each PLC contains multiple AND gates that perform switching steps. 1. the affected relay issues a fault notification to all other devices in the system. Sequential switching logic . Control center PC-based HMI P2 P1 Circuit Breaker Recloser State 0 .Fault P4-P5 Open P4 State 3 .4 sec Service Restoration < 0. the system will lock out the affected breaker or recloser and open the switching device (if not already open as the feeder open point) located immediately downstream of the fault to isolate the affected section. If a comparison yields a current differential exceeding utility-defined parameters. which when combined.Normal State 1 . 2.

ments as directed by a remote control point or SCADA system. As part of a turnkey solution. and Bridges Electric Vector overhead switches. all Ethernet switches form a private Ethernet network. A Siemens 7SJ64 controller may be used in place of the 7SJ80 to provide added HMI and control capability (Fig. . Through high speed. Siemens can provide a full range of automated primary switches. alone or in combination (Fig. In fiber systems. An entire distribution network can be configured using multiple FLISR setups to create a system of independent. The system works with an unlimited number of switchgroups containing up to 20 devices. remote. and WiMAX. 3). reclosers. The 7SJ80 controller is also used in conjunction with reclosers. or Ethernet over fiber. 7SJ64 control panel Each switch is equipped with a Siemens 7SJ80 controller that can be hard wired to current and voltage sensors and transformers. 4. The communication port can be connected to an Ethernet-to-fiber switch or wireless subscriber unit. For distribution control network applications. User-friendly programming The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System functionality is programmed into the controllers using the easy-to-use DIGSI software tool. A DNP3 data link can be provided through a standard protocol converter to interface with the IEC 61850 system. This single software package provides the complete means to program individual controllers. the system is capable of providing extensive decentralized automation. This configuration creates an independent FLISR automation system that can be linked to a distribution control network through a simple wire connection between the controller and a substation RTU. and automated sectionalizing switches. SDR reclosers. Siemens SDFA components Versatile communications The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System employs the IEC 61850 communication standard for all operational and non-operational data exchange among devices (Fig. These cells contain most of the intelligence required to simplify the operation of large distributed automation networks. systems can be configured with an optional substation PC to provide a SCADA gateway with IEC 61850 protocol translation and a powerful control HMI using Siemens SICAM PAS and PAS CC software. manual. and can be integrated with the circuit breakers supplying the feeder. In wireless systems. 3. and mode information among all devices. 5). Each relay can be programmed to operate in different modes to satisfy system and environmental require. restoration. Specific events and conditions can be reviewed using eight oscillographic screens that each log up to 200 events. The controller is hard wired to the relay to provide status information and control capabilities. The PLC and an IEC 61850 communication port in each relay provide the logic required to meet most operational requirements. peer-to-peer Ethernet communications. and status and alarm contacts on the switches. including IEC 61850 peer-to-peer GOOSE messaging for the dissemination of fault. along with a recloser protection relay. the wireless subscribers connect to controllers that communicate with a wireless base station to create a private Ethernet network. Flexible configurations Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation Systems can be configured to include circuit breakers. Event storage and recall To facilitate evaluation of distribution feeder operation. Fig. load balancing. load control. thus permitting in-depth analysis of feeder performance. 4). SDR Recloser Vector Switch 7SR22 Relay SDV7 Circuit Breaker Siemens Provides SDFA Components 7SJ64 Relay/HMI 7SJ80 Relay SCADA DIGSI Configuration Software SICAM PAS HMI Fig. including SDV7 outdoor circuit breakers. storm. intelligent cells. status. each relay stores recent system status and operational data for recall by a laptop or PC. Operating modes include auto (FLISR).simply at a single AND gate. Ethernet backbones can be established over a variety of media including direct fiber. PLC programming is easily accomplished using the Siemens DIGSI software package and a graphical tool supplied as part of the system. and more. copper.

BS2) with one each MT-404067/ND Antenna Critical Load Hospital P2 3. Inc. We’ll be pleased to discuss your specific needs and offer a solution that maximizes customer satisfaction while reducing service expenses.26 Mi. with a relatively small initial investment in a handful of relays and switches.34 Mi. North Carolina 27591 USA +1 (877) 217-4943 Subject to change without prior notice Order No. such as hospitals and emergency facilities. Recloser 39052/60647 P3 Subscriber Unit (SS3) WiN5237-5 9. System interconnections Wireless Ethernet Serial DNP3 Distribution Feeder Real-life simulation The Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System includes a realistic simulation mode that models the operation of switch devices by effectively disconnecting the protective relays from the system. a utility can maximize the cost effectiveness of its feeder automation improvements.siemens. Find out more today To discover how the Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation System can help maximize your distribution feeder availability. Testing includes analysis of the communication network deployed as part of the system. Franktown Rd. To help ensure a successful deployment. Recloser 39141/60791 P2 Subscriber Unit (SS2) WiN5237-5 3. Switch P4 Subscriber Unit (SS5) WiN5237-5 P5 Breaker 2240-30 Ckt 2240 P1 Subscriber Unit (SS1) WiN5237-5 P4 Subscriber Unit (SS4) WiN5237-5 RS910-HI Switch PoE 7SJ64 Automation Controller/ HMI PoE PoE PoE RS910-48 Switch PoE RS910-48 Switch PoE PoE PoE RS900G-48 Switch RS900G-HI Switch RMC40-48 Switch RS910-48 Switch 7SJ64 Automation Controller/HMI 7SR22 7SJ80 Recloser Automation Controller Controller Existing Switch Network Data Bus Metallic Ethernet Broadband Existing Switch 7SJ80 7SR22 7SJ80 7SR22 Recloser Automation Recloser Automation Controller Controller Controller Controller Fig. accessories.14 Mi. systems can be custom-engineered to integrate with existing equipment or to satisfy special requirements. However. Bayview Substation/ Base Station Control Center HMI P1 Breaker 21 Ckt 2201 4. 8. www. Rogers Dr. product documentation. can be tested and evaluated. building block approach that enables utilities to invest only in systems that best fit their cost and performance requirements.Tasley Control Center Kellam Substation Exmore Office/ Base Station WiN7237-5 Base Stations (BS1. The information provided in this flyer contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products. a utility can realize substantial operating economies when automating feeders supplying critical loads. and the condition of installed equipment. 7000 Siemens Road Wendell.54 Mi.C. All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners. 0. Siemens Energy.53 Mi. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract. Simulated faults can be applied to line sections to test operational sequences without changing the physical status of any primary switch device. and training programs for all equipment used in the . depending on product availability. Operator HMIs receive simulated system status information as if the system were actually online and operating. For example.: E50001-E720-A156-X-4AUS Printed in USA © 2012 Siemens Energy.95 Mi. All systems are designed and built using a scalable. please contact your nearest Siemens representative.C. all turnkey systems are completely configured and tested in the Siemens Smart Grid Laboratory in Wendell. Scalable turnkey implementation Siemens Distribution Feeder Automation Systems are supplied with all required hardware and software for immediate implementation.73 Mi. Any resultant savings could then be reinvested by automating additional feeders. N. Siemens offers a full range of system support products and services including on-site and factory support. including the related communication network. P3 WiN7237-5 Base Station (BS3) with one MT-404067/ND Antenna Machipongo Recloser 37803/58190 5. In this way.95 Mi.usa. or by adding performanceenhancing features such as remote monitoring and control. 1. N. Furthermore. 5. Manual Sect. Inc. P4 9. requested functionality. The performance and functionality of an entire FLISR system.83 Mi.