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Vietnam: Past and Present

OConnor, Rayner, Tierney

Vietnam
Eventful history Rich Culture Americans dont think about the country

Vietnam

Vietnam. Map. operationworld.org. Operation World. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

What Was the Vietnam War?


DRV (North Vietnamese) and Viet Cong RVN (South Vietnamese) - Backed by the United States Part of Cold War - Against Communism

Why Did the US Interfere?


Stop Communism Domino Theory Trained ARVN Military advisors train guerrillas

Key Statistics and Figures


United States
- 58,119 KIA - 153,303 wounded - 1,948 MIA

South Vietnam
- 230,000 KIA - 1,169,763 wounded

North Vietnam
- 1,100,000 KIA - Unknown wounded

Other Facts
75,000 were severely disabled
- 23,214 were 100% disabled

5,283 lost limbs


- 1,081 lost multiple limbs

61% of KIA were younger than 21


- 11,465 were younger than 20

17,539 of KIA were married Average age of KIA: 23.1 Five men KIA were 16 years old

Tet Offensive
January 1968 DRV and VC Assault on US Marines at Khe Sanh Attacks on cities throughout South Vietnam Heavy casualties Psychological attack on RVN and US

Famous Picture from Tet Offensive

Adams, Eddie. 1 Feb. 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. Wnpr. com. Web. 20 Nov. 2013

Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War on American Troops


PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder)
30.9% of male American Vietnam Veterans suffer from lifetime effects of PTSD A 2003 study found 4/5 veterans suffer from PTSD twenty five years after the war.

Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War on American Troops


Depression, anxiety and alcohol issues Men
Alcohol dependence and abuse, Antisocial Personality Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Depression

Women

Higher wartime exposure = more psychological disorders

Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War on American Troops


Some disorders developed when soldiers returned back to the United States after the war. American veterans returned to a political hostile America Thus resulting in the acute anxiety and self-estrangement

Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War on Vietnamese

Contributing factors to psychological disorders amongst Vietnamese


Chemical/Herbicide Spraying Exposure Family Breaks Up War Environment

Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War on Vietnamese


Particular Groups Psychologically impacted Soldiers
Prisoners of War Single Mothers

Families Evacuees

Agent Orange
19,000,000 gallons used in Vietnam War - Most common herbicide used.

Agent Orange

Spraying Agent Orange. N.d. Photograph. Veterans Today. Veterans Today, 13 June 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2013.

Effects from the usage of Chemicals/herbicides


American Troops
Cancer Leukemia Hodgkin's lymphoma Spina Bifida Birth Defects

Children of American Troops

Effects from the usage of Chemicals/herbicides


Vietnamese Children

Still Borns Diabetes Type Two Various Birth Defects

Effects from the usage of Chemicals/herbicides

KC Ortiz. The Effects of Agent Orange in Vietnam. Online Image. 21 July 2009. Known Gallery. Web. 16 Nov 2013

Environmental Impact
25 million acres of forest

20% destroyed

American Grass

Map of Spray Missions in South Vietnam, 1965-71 Map. cc. gatech.edu. Operation Ranch Hand. Web. 19 Nov. 2013

Vietnam Today
89 million people 94% Literacy Communism Economic Reform

Exports
Cashews Clothing Rice

Cashew Controversy
Human rights violation
labor rehabilitation

Vietnam as a Whole
Warmth Culture History

Travel Brochure Example

Travel Tours Company Brochure Design Bluedesign. biz Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

Works Cited
Adams, Eddie. 1 Feb. 1968. Saigon, Vietnam. Wnpr.com. Web. 20 Nov. 2013 Agent Orange. History.com. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Ashwill, Mark A; Ngoc Diep Thai. Vietnam Today: a guide to a nation at a crossroads. Yarmouth: Intercultural P, 2005. Print. Bennett, Curt. Vietnamese Morning. Warpoetry.co.uk. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. "Birth Defects in Children of Vietnam and Korea Veterans - Public Health." Birth Defects in Children of Vietnam and Korea Veterans - Public Health. Department of Veteran Affairs, 14 Feb. 2012. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. "Facts about Herbicides - Public Health." Facts about Herbicides - Public Health. Department of Veteran Affairs, 28 Feb. 2012. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Hammond, Susan, dir. WarLegacies.org. N.p., N.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. Hickman, Kennedy. Vietnam 101: A Short Introduction. About.com. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. Hitchens, Christopher. "The Vietnam Syndrome." Vanity Fair. N.p., Aug. 2006. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.

Works Cited (Cont.)


Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Travelocity.com. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. KC Ortiz. The Effects of Agent Orange in Vietnam. Online Image. 21 July 2009. Known Gallery. Web. 16 Nov 2013. Mahato, Ananda, et al. Vietnams Economy: Poverty and Prospects. mrdwab.com. Study Abroad, 1999. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. Map of Spray Missions in South Vietnam, 1965-71 Map. cc.gatech.edu. Operation Ranch Hand. Web. 19 Nov. 2013. Murphy, J. M. "War Stress and Civilian Vietnamese. A Study of Psychological Effects."NCBI. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Ra, T Huy. "Sustainable value and significance of the Communist Manifesto". dangcongsan.vn. Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, 8 March 2007. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. Simon, Julian L . Population Matters: People, Resources, Environment, and Immigration . New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1990. Print. Spraying Agent Orange. N.d. Photograph. Veterans Today. Veterans Today, 13 June 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. Summers, Harry G. On Strategy: A Critical Anaylsis of the Vietnam War. London. Random House LLC, 1995. Print.

Works Cited (Cont.)


Travel Tours Company Brochure Design Bluedesign.biz Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Tucker, Spencer. Vietnam. U P of Kentucky, 1999. Print. Vietnam. Map. operationworld.org. Operation World. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Vietnam War: Facts, Stats & Myths. U.S. Wings. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.