Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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,e;jpa Njrpaj;ijf; nfhSj;J
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ftpgh];fh;

neUg;ngDk;
nfh^u ehf;F J}j;Jf;Fb Kj;Jf;Fkhiuj; jpd;wJ. . . tujl;rizf; nfhLikapy; rhFk; ngz;Nghy> ,dk; rhfpw nfhLikapy; ,we;jhd; ,isQd; .... jpd;w neUg;G $l mize;jJk; fz;zPh; tbj;jJ fz;zPh;j; JspfSk; fjwp mOjJ.... ghtpfNs! ,d chpik Nfl;gjw;fh ,j;jidf; nfhLik? nkhopg;Nghh; <fpfisf; Fbj;j neUg;G <oj;jpy; caph;fis Rl;l neUg;G... vy;yhNk! ,e;jpa Njrpak; nfhSj;jp tpl;l neUg;Gjhd;... nfhOj;Jg; Ngha; Fsph;fha;fpwJ gy Mz;lha;... ,dp vhpag;NghFk; neUg;G... vq;fis vhpj;J nfhy;tjw;fhf -my;y ,e;jpa Njrpaj;ij vhpf;f... fpope;J Nghd ,e;jpa Vfhjpgj;jpaNk! cdf;F ,jak; ,y;iynad;gJk; njhpAk;... fz;zpUe;Jk; fz;zPh; tuhnjd;gJk; GhpAk; - eP tha; Ngrhj Ciknad;gJk; ehlwpAk;... fhJfs; cz;lh ,y;iyah? jiyg;ghifapy; %b nrtplh; vd;gijAk; Ghpa itj;J tpl;Bh;! rhp! Ie;jwpTfNshL vq;fSf;F cwT ,y;iy ‘gFj;jwpT’ vq;fis $g;gpLfpwJ... tzf;fk; ehq;fs; tUfpNwhk; jkpo;j;Njrpa ntspr;rk; - vq;fis thrypy; epd;W tuNtw;fpwJ.

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Gjpa G p s jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009 ja

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@Ëv} Tz»î ¶Òq÷@Ëv}î §. 120/& ÉêG°Òq÷ @Ëv}î §. 300/& z°ÜÀ°Ö @Ëv}î §. 1200/&

gpg; u tup 2009 rpiwg; gazk; ghntsp

7-1 13 19 22

kUj; J tHfSk; kjFUkhHfSk; -5 k.nre;jkpod;

,lJrhupfspd; murpay; ,yf;F vJ? ng.kzpaurd; 25 rpq; f sj; j pd; ‘,Wjpg;N ghH ,Wjpg; ghH’ k.nre;jkpod; epiwFiw gh.k.f.tpd; gj;Jf; fl;lisfs; jkpo;j; Njrpad; 29 34 36

,e; j paNk jkpopdj; j pd; gif fp.ntq;fl;uhkd;

6

“rj;a ”j;j pd; Nkhrb rj; j; f.mUzghujp
¶Ø¤Ìð & NzÈMËv°Vð : zåz¼©gô @Tâ°¿@ð

gpughfud; $wpa xU fl;rp Ml;rpKiwAk;

38

fUzhepjpapd; rHthjpfhu XyKk; ng.kzpaurd;
ôiÌ PdÆð @ÒÇ}°Ëvî,
44-1> g[id Nfhapy; njU> (Kj; J uq; f k; rhiy mUfpy; ) > fz; z k; k hNgl; i l> jpahfuhaH efH> nrd; i d-17. 044-24348911. njhiyg;Ngrp : 044kpd; d Q; r y; : tamizhdesiyam@gmail.com ,izak; : http://tamizharkannotam.blogspot.com

11

Nâ.©ßÌ»Ýê
S¼} ¶Ø¤Ìð :

r.Nz_@Ë»°©ê
ã[ uµgªLð@Ö :

ÄÈ ûÙ¸ @°T¤ @ßgNâ°º, Pk¼Ý.

@Tâ°¿@ð @.ûÞ}â°»i

jkpo; j ; Njrg; nghJTilikf; fl; r p ,izak; : http://tamizhdesiyam.blogspot.com
Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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P걤¼©g Çâ°Þ÷ã Â걤¼© N@°qgÇâ°î PdÜ« ÇPÝ÷ ãåÌ»ØY ô¢³@î â¼vgÇâ°î
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Kj;Jf;FkhH Kd;nkhopej ghij ;
jd;idNa jPahf;fpj; jkpoHf;F xspfhl;ba Kj;Jf;FkhUf;F tPutzf;fk;.
Kj;Jf;FkhH %l;ba jP> ek; kf;fspilNa epyTk; rhjp> kj NtWghLfis vupj;J> jkpoHfs; vd;w Xuzpapy; ek;ik ,izf;f ty;yJ. Kj;Jf;FkhH Vw;wpa jPgk;> tuyhw;iw topelj;j Kbahj jkpofj; jiytHfis milahsk; fhl;baJ. vOr;rp ngWk; ,sk; jiyKiwia ,dk; fhl;baJ. Kj;Jf;FkhH tbj;Jj; je;Js;s ,Wjpg;gl;lak; jkpo;j; Njrpag; Gul;rpf;Ff; fl;bak; $WfpwJ. khztHfs; 1965 ,y; topelj;jpa khngUk; nkhopg;Nghiuj; jd;dyj; jiytHfs; jpUbf; nfhz;lij Rl;bf; fhl;LfpwJ. mtHfs; kf;fis Xl;L ke;ijfshf> cUkhw;wpaij tpsf;FfpwJ. kDg;Nghl;L> kDg;Nghl;L> MSk; tHf;fj;jplKk; mjpfhutHf;fj;jplKk; fUizf;Ff; ifNae;Jk; $l;lkhf tPuj;jkpo; ,dj;ij tPo;r;rpAwr; nra;jij Kj;Jf;FkhH NtjidNahL tpkHrpf;fpwhH. jkpo; <o tpLjiyf;F> jkpof tpLjiy czHNt rupahd mbj;jsk; vd;gij vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwhH. ,e;jpa muR XH Vfhjpgj;jpa muR; <oj;jkpoHfis kl;Lky;y> jkpofj; jkpoHfisAk; mbikfshf itj;jpUg;gNj mjd; ,yf;F vd;gij Rl;bf; fhl;LfpwhH. ,d czHthsHfNs> ,e;j ntspr;rj;jpy; ,d;W jkpofj;jpy; vOr;rp ngw;Ws;s <oj;jkpoH MjuTf; fpsHr;rpfisj; jpwdha;T nra;Aq;fs;. ve;jg; ngupa murpay; jiyikAk; ,e;j vOr;rpia cUthf;ftpy;iy. jkpo; ehl;bd; jiytpjpiaj; jPHkhdpg;gtHfs; ehq;fNs vd;W $wpte;j rl;lhk;gps;isfs; fq;fhzpfshff; fhl;rpaspf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfs; jkpo; ,dj;jpd; KJfpy; Fj;JfpwhHfs;. khztHfs;> tof;fwpQHfs;> tzpfHfs;> ,d czHthsHfs;> rl;lhk; gps;isj;jdk; nraahj rpwpa fl;rpfs;> ,af;fq;fs; <oj;jkpoHfisf; fhf;fg; NghuhLfpwhHfs;. ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lk;> ,e;jpa murplk; kDg; NghLtjhf khwptplf;$lhJ. <oj;jkpoHfisf; $l;lq;$l;lkhf ,dg;gLnfhiy nra;J mopf;Fk; rpq;fs muRf;F ,e;jpa muR Ma;jk; nfhLf;fpwJ. gilazpfis mDg;gp cjTfpwJ. Nfhb Nfhbaha;g; gzk;nfhl;b nfhLf;fpwJ. rpq;fsg;gilahl;fSf;Fj; jkpofj;jpNyNa gapw;rp jUfpwJ. kdpjNea mbg;gilapy; cyf ehLfs; jiyapl;L NghH epWj;jk; NfhUtijj; jLf;fpwJ. nraw;iff;Nfhs; topahf tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; ghriwfisAk;> <oj;jkpoHfs; rpfpr;ir ngWk; kUj;JtkidfisAk; mr;Rg; Gs;spahfg; glk; gpbj;J rpq;fs muRf;Fj; jUfpwJ ,e;jpah. me;j ,lq;fspy; jhf;Fjy; elj;jp jkpoHfisf; nfhd;W Ftpf;fpwJ ,yq;ifg; gil. <oj;jpy; eilngWk; jkpo; ,d mopg;Gg; Nghiu> ,e;jpah jhd; ,af;FfpwJ. mg;Nghiu ,af;Ftjw;fhd mjpfhu gPlj;jpy; Nrhdpahfhe;jp ,Uf;fpwhH. gopthq;Fk; ntwpgpbj;j ngz;kzpahf> <tpuf;fkpd;wp ,d mopg;Gg; Nghiu ,af;FfpwhH. “jkpopdj; jiytH” vd;W jkf;Fj;jhNk kFlk; jupj;Jf; nfhz;l fUzhepjp ,e;jpa muRf;Ff; fq;fhzp Ntiy ghHf;fpwhH. nrayypjh jkpopdg; giftH. fUzhepjp> jkpo; ,dj; JNuhfp.

Gjpa Gps ja

jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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,e;j ,Utupd; xg;GjNyhLjhd; ,e;jpa muR <oj;jpy; jkpopd mopg;Gg; Nghiu ,af;FfpwJ. <oj;jkpoH vd;W nrhy;tNj Fw;wk; vd;fpwhH nrayypjh. ,yq;ifj; jkpoH vd;W jhd; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhH. ehw;GwKk;> thdj;jpd; Nkw;GwKk; gifg;gilfs; #o;eJ ,iltplhJ gPuq;fpfSk; Fz;LfSk; ntbf;fpd;wd. ; rpwpa epyg;gFjpapy; ehd;F yl;rk; jkpoHfNshL tpLjiyg;Gypfs; NghuhLfpwhHfs;. gpughfuidg; gpbj;J ,e;jpahTf;F mDg;G vd;fpwhH Nrhdpah fhe;jp. ,e;j Neuj;jpy;> “gpughfud; xU rHthjpfhup> jkpo; ,dj; jiytHfisAk; Rl;Lf; nfhd;w nfhbatH” vd;fpwhH fUzhepjp. ,d czHthsHfNs? ,g;nghOJ ehk; ahuplk; NghH epWj;jk; NfhUtJ? Nrhdpah fhe;jpaplKk;> fUzhepjpaplKkh? NghH epWj;jk; Nfhup ,tHfsplk; kDg;NghLtjh ,d;iwa vOr;rpapd; ,yf;F? NghH epWj;jk; Ntz;Lk;; mJ kDg;NghLtjhy; fpilf;fhJ. ,e;jpa muirj; jkpo;ehl;by; Klf;Fk; tifapy; NghuhLtjhy; kl;LNk NghH epWj;jk; fpilf;Fk;. jkpo;ehl;L vOr;rp> ,e;jpa muirj; jLf;Fk; jpirapy;> jkpofj; JNuhff; Fk;giyj; jdpikg;gLj;Jk; ,yf;fpy; nray;Gupa Ntz;Lk;. <oj;jpy; vq;fs; ,dj;ij Kw;whf mopj;Jf;nfhz;L> KjpatHfisAk;> nfhd;nwhopj;Jf; nfhz;L> mtHfspd; cWg;Gfisj; Jz;L Jz;lhf;fp vupe;J nfhz;L jkpo;ehl;by; ePqfs; epHthfk; nra;a mDkjpf;f khl;Nlhk; vd;W ; ehk; Gwg;gl;lhf Ntz;Lk;. jkpo; ,d mopg;Gg; Nghiu ,af;Fk; ,e;jpa murpd; epWtdq;fs; jkpo;ehl;by; nray;gl KbahJ vd;w Nghuhl;lj;ij elj;jpahf Ntz;Lk;. ,J kdpj Neag; Nghuhl;lk; ; ,dj; jw;fhg;Gg; Nghuhl;lk;; rdehafg; Nghuhl;lk;. jkpo;j; Njrg; nghJTilikf; fl;rp> ngupahH jpuhtplH fofk;> jkpo;j; Njrpa tpLjiy ,af;fk; cs;spl;l gy;NtW mikg;GfSk; ,d czHthsHfSk;> fle;j rdtup 31 md;W> jQ;ir tpkhdg;gilj; jsj;ij %lf;Nfhup Kw;Wifg; Nghuhl;lk; elj;jpdH. Ke;E}W NgH jisg;gLj;jg;gl;ldH. me;jj; jQ;ir tpkhdg;gilj; jsj;jpypUe;J gyhyp tpkhdj;jsj;jpw;Fg; NghHf; fUtpfs; Nghfpd;wd. gapw;rpahsHfs; NghfpwhHfs;. tUk; gpg;utup 20 Mk; ehs; jkpofj;jpy; cs;s ,e;jpa murpd; tupt#y; mYtyfq;fis %lf;Nfhup Nkw;fz;;l mikg;Gfs; Kw;Wifg; Nghuhl;lk; elj;j cs;sd. jkpo;ehl;Lj; jkpoHfsplk; tup t#ypj;J mj;njhifiaf; nfhz;L> <oj;jkpoHfis mopf;f MAjk; thq;fp ,yq;iff;F mDg;GfpwJ. ,e;jpa muR. me;j MAjq;fs; <oj;jkpoHfis mopf;f kl;Lky;y> md;whlk; jkpof kPdtHfisr; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yTk; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,d czHthsHfNs> ,e;jpa muNrhL ekf;F ,ilf;fhy rkhjhdk; tuNtz;Lkhdhy; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfis mJ epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;. 1. 2. 3. ,e;jpa muR ,yq;iff;F mDg;gpa NghHf;fUtpfisAk; gilapdiuAk; jpUk;gg; ngw Ntz;Lk;. clNd NghH epWj;jk; Ntz;Lk;. jkpo; <o tpLjiyg; Nghiu mq;fPfupf;f Ntz;Lk;. jkpo; <o tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPJ tpjpj;Js;s jilia ePf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j %d;W epge;jidfSk; epiwNtwpdhy; <oj;jkpo; ,dj;ij moptpypUe;J fhg;ghw;w KbAk;. “,Wjpg;gl;lhak;” toq;fp> jPf;Fspj;J khz;l <fp Kj;Jf;FkhH ,yl;rpak; mg;NghJjhd; epiwNtWk;.

Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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,e;jpaNk

jkpopdj;jpd; gif

fp.ntq;fl;uhkd;
,jid tpupj;Jk; tpsf;fpAk; cs;shH fhz;f : Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk;> jprk;gH 2008). MapDk; Gypfspd; ,e;j el;Gf;fuj;ij ntl;b tpLtjpNyNa ,e;jpa Ml;rpahsHfs; Fwpahf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,e; j paKk; jkpopdKk; vd;WNk ,iza Kbahj gif Kfhk;fs; vd;gij njspthf;fpf; nfhs;tJ ey;yJ. ,e;jpa muR vd;gJ ngU Kjyhspfs; jiyikapyhd Kjyhspa - ghHg;gdpag; ,e;jp Mjpf;f murhFk;. tHf;f topgl;Lk; tHz topgl;Lk; ,d topgl;Lk; jkpoHfSf;Fk; ,e;jpa muRf;Fk; ,e;j gifik cWjpg;gLfpwJ.

,df;nfhiyg; Nghupy; ,e;jpag;gil – fsKidapy; rpq;fsg; gilapdUld; eLtpy; tUgtH ,e;jpag; gil mjpfhup

j kpofj; j pd; midj; J f; fl;rpfSk;> fl;rp rhuh mikg;GfSk; xl; L nkhj; j khf typAWj; j pa gpd; D k; rpq; f s muR elj; J k; ,df;nfhiy Nghiu ,e;jpa muR jLj;j epWj;jtpy;iyNa vd;W gyH Mjq;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. ,e;j Mjq;fk; murpay; mg;ghtpj;jdj;jpypUe;J cUthfpwJ.
,e;jpa muR NghH epWj;jj;ij typAWj;jhjjpy; tpag;NgJk; ,y;iy. Vnddpy; ,e;jG; Nghiu top elj;JtNj ,e;jpa muR jhd;. jpy;ypapy; ahH Mz;lhYk;> vg;gbg;gl;l $l;lzp Ml;rp ele;jhYk; jkpoPok; miktijNah> jkpoHfs; rk cupikNahL tho; t ijNah ,e; j pa Ml; r pahsHfs; tpUk; g khl; l hHfs; . <oj; j py; kl; L kpd; w p

jkpo;ehl;L jkpoHfs; cupik ngw;W tho;tijaK; ,e;jpa Ml;rpahsHfs; mDkjpf;fkhl;lhHfs;. jpy;ypapy; fhq;fpu]; Mz;lhYk;> gh.[.f. Mz;lhYk; ,e;jpa murpd; mbg;gil epiy ,J jhd; . Mdhy; ,tHfspilNa fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; rpw;rpy mZFKiw NtWghLfs; ,Ug;gJ ,ay; N g. MapDk; jkpoHfis ,uz;lhe;juf; Fbfshf elj;Jtjpy; ,tHfspilNa mbg;gil NtWghL VJkpy;iy. ,e;jpa MSk; tHf;f eyDk;> jkpopdj;jpd; cupik eyDk; xj;Jg;Nghf Kbahjit. jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,e;jpa muNrhL gifikia tpUk;gpaNj ,y;iy. fle;j khtPuH ehs; ciuapy; jkpoPo Njrpaj; jiytH Nt.gpughfud;
Gjpa Gps ja

jkpopdj; j pw; F k; Mupaj; jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s gifik %thapuk; Mz;L %j;j gifikahFk;. rk];fpUjj;jpw;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nghuhl;lk; gy E}w; w hz; L fshf njhlHe; J tUfpwJ. jpy;ypapd; Mupa Ml;rp tha;g;G fpilf;Fk; Nghnjy;yhk; jkpopdj;ij mopf;Fk; jdJ Kaw;rpapy; rpwpjsTk; Xa;e;jjhf tuyhwpy;iy. jkpoPok; kyHtij Mupak; vd;iwf;FNk tuNtw;fhJ. ,yq;ifj; jPT Gtpf; Nfhsj;jpy; mike;jpUf;fpw ,lk; fhuzkhfNt etPd fhyj;jpy; GtprhH murpay; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngw;Wtpl;lJ. ,uhZt tifapYk; nghUspay; tifapYk; ,yq;ifj; jPit jkJ ty;yhjpf;f tisaj;jpw;Fs; itj;Jf; nfhs; t J cyf ty; y uRfspd; Mjpf;fj; NjitahFk;. jkpoPoj;jpy; mike;Js;s jpupNfhzkiy

jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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,uhZt tifapYk; nghUspay; tifapYk; Kf; f pakhd Jiw KfkhFk; . cyf vup vz; i z Nghf;Ftuj;jpy; Vwj;jho 65 tpOf;fhL ,e;Jkhf; fly; topahfNt elf;fpwJ. vdNt jhd; rpd;dQ;rpwpa ,j;jtpy; P elf;fpw ,dr;rpf;fy; cyf ty;yuRfspd; fha; efHj;jy;fspy; rpf;fpj; jtpHf;fpwJ. ,yq;ifj; jPit jdJ nry; t hf; F kz; l yj; j py; itj;jpUg;gijNa ,e;jpa MSk; tHf;fk; tpUk;GfpwJ. cyfkak; jPtpuk; ngw;wjw;Fg; gpwF cyfka Kjyhspfspd; mzptFg;gpy; NrHe;J tpl;l ,e;jpa ngU Kjyhspfspd; Ruz;ly; Njitianahl;b ,e;jpa murpd; ,e;j Gtp rhH Mjpf;fg; Nghf;F NkYk; jPtpug;gl;Ls;sJ. ghHg;gdpak; vd;gJ jkpodj;j;pd; midj;J ts kuGfisAk; - murpay;> mwptpay;> r%ftpay;> gz;ghl;L kuGfisAk; - %Hf;fkhf vjpHj;J tUtJ tuyhW neLfpYk; fhzg;gLfpw xU nka;epiy. ,t;thwhd ,d top> tHf;f top tHz-rhjp top gif rf;jpfspd; murpay; KfNk ,e;jpak; MFk;. vdNt jhd; jkpo; p dj; j pw; F k; ,e;jpaj;jpw;Fkhd gif rkurg;gLj;j Kbahky; epiyj;J ePsfpwJ. ; NjHjy; murpay; kaf;fj;jpy;> $l;lzpf; $r;ry;fspy; ,e;j mbg;gil gifikia jkpoHfs; kwe;jhYk; ,e;jpa muR kwg;gjpy;iy. ,e;jpa muR jkpioAk; jkpopdj;ijAk; Neubahf xLf;FtNjhL kl;Lkpd;wp> jkpopdj;NjhL ahnuy;yhk; gif nfhs;fpwhHfNsh mtHfNshL $l;L NrHe;Jk; xLf;Ffpw fhtpup njhlHghd ePjpkd;wj; jPHg;Gfis fhypy; Nghl;L kpjpf;Fk; fHehlf fatHfNshLk;> Ky;iyg; ngupahw;W cupikia kWf;Fk; kiyahspfNshLk;> ghyhw;iw topkwpf;Fk; njYq;fH fNshLk;> jkpof kPdtHfis Rl;Lf;

nfhy;Yk; rpq;fsHfNshLk; jpy;yp muR iff;Nfhj;J epw;gJ ,jid njspTgLj;Jk;. ,e;jpa murikg;Gr; rl;lg;gb jdf;fpUf;Fk; Fiwe;jgl;rf; flikfisf; $l nra; a hky; jkpopdj; j pw; F vjpuhf giff; ff;FfpwJ ,e;jpa muR. jkpopd tpNuhj cs;ehl;Lf; nfhs;ifapd; ePl;rpahfNt ,e;jpa murpd; ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifAk; mike;jpUf;fpwJ. jkpoPor; rpf;fypy; mJ tpfhukhf ntspg;gLfpwJ. <oj; j kpoH Fwpj; j ,e; j mbg;gil epiyg;ghl;by; ,e;jpa murpw; F vg; N ghJNk khWjy; ,y;iy. mZFKiwapy; kl;LNk mt;tg;NghJ rpw;rpy khWjy;fs; epfo;fpd;wd. mZFKiwapy; Vw;gLk; NkNyhl;lkhd khWjy;fis mbg;gilf; nfhs;ifapy; khWjy; Vw;gl;L tpl;ljhf gpwo epidj;jhy; ehk; Vkhw;wg;gLNthk;. mJ kl;Lkpd;wp jw;NghJ ehk; tFf;f Ntz;ba tpA+fj;jpYk; jtWfs; Neh;eJtpLk;. ; <og;gpur;rpidapy; ,e;jpa murpd; nfhs;ifia uh[pt; fhe;jpf;F Kd;> uh[pt; fhe;jpf;F gpd; vd;W gpupj; J r; nrhy; t Njh> ,e; j puh fhe;jpf;F Kd;> ,e;jpuh fhe;jpf;F gpd; vd;W gpupj;Jg; ghHg;gNjh mbg;gilapy; nghUsw;wJ. ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; eP z ; l fhykhf epyTk; jkpoH rpq;fsH rpf;fiy ,e;jpa Ml;rpahsHfs; jkJ GtprhH Mjpf;f Nkyhz;ikf;F cl;gl;Nl mZfp te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. ,e; j pahTk; ,yq; i fAk; Rje;jpuk; miltjw;F Kd;Ng 1945 ,y; gpupl; b ~; ,yq; i f nrd; ; w [t`Hyhy; NeUTk; fhq; f pu]; jiytH gl;lhgp rPjhuka;ah mtHfSk; ,e;j GtprhH Mjpf;ff; nfhs;ifia njspTglf; $wpdhh;fs; “,e;jpaf; $l;lhl;rpapy; RaMjpf;fk;

cs;s gFjpahf ,yq;if tpsq;fyhk;. xUNtis jdpj;jpUf;f tpUk;gpdhy; ,e;jpahtpd; tpNuhjpfSld; ,yq;if muR cwT nfhs;tij ehq;fs; Vw;f KbahJ. ,e; j pahtpw; F k; ,yq; i ff; F k; nghJthd ghJfhg;Gf; nfhs;ifNa ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;” vd;wdH. Rje;jpuj;jpw;F gpwF 1962 ,y; rP d -,e; j pag; NghH %z; l NghJ ,yq;if muR mg;gpur;rpidapy; eLepiy tfpj;jJ. ,J ,e;jpa Ml; r pahsHfSf; F fyf; f j; i j Vw;gLj;jpaJ. rpq;fsHfspd; el;igg; ngw;W jkJ nry;thf;F kz;lyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;ifia itj;Jf; nfhs;s ,e;jpa muR jkpoHfspd; eyid gypapl Kd; te;jJ. 1964 ,y; Vw;gl;l rh];jpup – rpwpkh xg;ge;jk; mijj; jhd; nra;jJ. ,e;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; %yk; ,yq;ifapd; kiyafj; jkpoHfs; 9.75 yl;rk; ngupy; 3 yl;rk; NgH kl; L Nk ,yq; i ff; FbAupik ngw;wdH. 5.2 yl;rk; NgH jkpo;ehl;Lf;F jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gl;ldH. 1.5 yl;rk; jkpoHfspd; tho;Tupik me;juj;jpy; tplg; g l; l J. ,jd; gpujpgydhf ghfp]; j hd; - ,e; j pah Nkhjypy; ,yq;ifapd; el;ig ,e;jpah ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ. rpq;fs Ml;rp kpfg;ngupa cs; e hl; L f; Fog; g j; j py; rpf; f pf; nfhz;l nghOJ [djh tpKf;jp nguKdh fpsHr;rpia xLf;f 1971 ,y; ,e;jpag; gilia mDg;gp ,yq;if muRf;F ,e;jpuh fhe;jp Jiz epd;whH. mjw;Fg; gpwFk; tq;fhs Njr gpur;rpid vOe;j NghJ cyf muq;fpy; ,e;jpahtpw;F Jiz nra;a ,yq;if muR Kd; tutpy;iy. vdNt ,e;jpahtpd; nry;thf;F kz;lyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq; i fia itj; J f; nfhs; s mLj;j Kaw;rpapy; ,e;jpuh fhe;jp ,wq;fpdhH. jkpoHfspd; jhafg;

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gFjpahd fr;rj; jPit 1974 ,y; rpq;fs murpw;F toq;fpdhH. ,e;jpuhfhe;jpia tPojjp 1977 ; ; ,y; rdjhf; fl;rp Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. Kjd;Kiwahf jpy;ypapy; fhq;fpu]; my; y hj Ml; r p mike; j NghJk; ,e;jpa murpd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;ifapy; khw;wk; VJkpy;iy. 1978 Mk; Mz;L ,yq;if Rje;jpu ehs; tpohtpy; Kjd;ik tpUe;jpduhf fye;J nfhz;l ,e;jpag; gpujkH nkhuh[p Njrha; jkpoPok; vd;w Nfhupf;ifia ,yq;ifj; jkpoHfs; iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W NgrpdhH (1977 ,yq; i f ehlhSkd; w j; Njh; j ypy; ‘Rje; j pu Nrh~ypr kjrhHgw;w jkpoPok; ’ vd; w f; nfhs;ifia Kd;itj;J jkpoH tpLjiyf; $l; l zp ngUntw; w p ngw; w pUe; j J vd; g J epidT nfhs;sj;jf;fJ). MapDk; ,jw;F gpwFk; 1981 ,y; mnkupf;fr; rhHG ‘Mrpahd;’ $l;likg;gpy; ,yq;if ,ize;jJ. jpupNfhzkiyapy; mnkupf; f g; gilj;jsk; mike;jhy; jtwy;y vd;W mwptpj;jJ. ,jd;gpwF ,e;jpa murpd; mZFKiwapy; xU khWjy; Vw;gl;lJ. MapDk; ,yq;ifia jkJ nry;thf;F kz;lyj;jpw;Fs; itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;w GtprhH Nkyhz;ikf; nfhs;ifNah jkpoPok; mike;jtplf; $lhJ vd;w Nehf;fNkh khwptpltpy;iy. jkpoPo Nghuhspf; FOf; f Sf; F Ma; j g; gapw;rpaspj;J mtHfsJ Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F Jiz epw;gJ Nghy; ghrhq;F nra;J me;j epHg;ge;jj;jpy; rpq;fs muNrhL Nguk; Ngrp jdJ nry;thf;F kz;lyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;ifia epWj;jpf; nfhs;tJ vd;gNj ,e;jpuhtpd; ,e;j mZFKiw. Gypfs; ,Jgw;wp jkpoPo tpLjiyg; njspthf czHe;Nj

,Ue;jdH. ,Jgw;wp mtHfs; $wpaJ ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba nra;jpahFk;. “1 9 7 7 , y ; g j t p f ; F t e ; j n[.MH.n[atHj;jNd Ml;rp Kd; vg; N ghJk; ,y; y hj mstpw; F jkpoHfs; kPJ nfhLk; nfhs;ifia filgpbj;jJ. mNj Neuk; ntspg; g ilahf Nkw; f fj; j pa Kjyhspa muRfNshL mzp NrHtij jkJ ntspAwTf; nfhs; i fahf filgpbj; j J. ,e;jpag; ngUq;fly; kz;lyj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpd; gpbapy; rpf;fhky; eOtp Nkw; f j; j pa Kjyhspa Ml;rpfspd; fPo;gbe;j khztdhf ,Ug;gjd; %yk; xUGwk; nghUspay; tifapy; tsHr; r pailayhk; . kWGwk; jkpoPoj;jpd; kPjhd ,df; nfhiy eltbf;iffis jPtpug;gLj;jyhk; vd;W n[atHj;jNd fzf;Fg; Nghl;lhH. ,J ,e;jpa Nkyhz; i kf; F k; ,e; j pahtpd; GtprhH murpay; jiyikf;Fk; mr;RWj;jhyhf miktij ,e;jpa muR czHe; j J. 1983 [_iy ,df;nfhiyianahl;b n[.Mh;.n[atHj;jdh Nkw;fj;jpa cjtpia ehbajhdJ ,e;jpahit JZf;Fw itj;jJ. ,e;j Neuj;jpy; jhd; ,yq;ifapd; ,dr;rpf;fypy; ,e;jpah jiyaplj; njhlq;fpaJ.

,uhit tifapy; epHg; g e; j k; nfhLj;J mur je;jpu topapy; jkf;F mbgzpa itj;J ,g;gpuNjrj;jpy; jkJ tpupthf;f eltbf; i ffis njhlHtNj ,e; j pa murpd; Nehf; f khFk; . ,t;thW ,dKuz;ghl;il gad;gLj;jp jkJ gpuNjr Nkyhz;ikia epiyg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tNj ,e;jpa murpd; cj;jpahf ,Ue;jJ. kiwe;j gpujkH ,e;jpuh fhe;jp jkpo;g; NghuhspfSf;F gilg;gapw;rp mspf;Fk; nghWg;ig ‘uh’tplk; xg;gilj;jhH”. ( India and Eelam Tamils Crisis, j k p o P o tpLjiyg;Gypfs; murpay; gpupT ntspaPL> 1988> gf;fk; 4>5)
,g; N ghJ Kjyikr; r H fUzhepjp cr;rpNkhe;J ghuhl;Lfpd;w re;jpufhrd; md;iwf;F <oj;jkpoHfspilNa Fog;gq;fis Vw;gLj;j ,e;jpa murhy; vt;thW gad; g Lj; j g; g l; l hH vd; g ijAk; > rpwPrghuj;jpdj;jpd; ‘nlNyh’mikg;ig jkJ ifalf;f mbahshf vt;thW ‘uh’ cUthf;fpaJ vd;gijAk; tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; ,t;ntspaPL tpupthf vLj;Jiuj;jJ. ,e;jpuh murpd; ,e;j cs;Nehf;fj;ij jsgjp mupfpuj; rpq;Fk; cWjp nra;fpwhH. Intervention in Srilanka vd;w jdJ E}ypy; ‘murpay; topapYk; mikg; G tifapYk; xd;WNk ,y;yhJ ,Ue;j nlNyhit xU Nghuhspf; FOthf Majghzp Mf;fpaJ ,e;jpahtpd; uh csT mikg;G. ,t;thW xU ifg;ghit FOit Vw;gLj;jpajd; %yk; jdJ cs;Nehf;fj;jpw;F Vw;w jiyaPlLf;F ; mbj;jsj;ij mikj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.’ vd; f pwhH mupfpuj; rpq; . ,e; j pa mikjpg;gilapd; Kf;fpa jsgjpahf gzpahw;wpatH mupfpuj; rpq; vd;gJ epidT nfhs;sj;jf;fJ. ,e; j puhtpw; F gpd; d hy; Ml; r pf; F te; j uh[pt; fhe; j p <oj;jkpoHfSf;F nra;j

ntspg;gilahf ghHj;jhy; murj; je;jpu topapy; ,e;jpah jiyapl;lJ kl;LNk njupAk;. Mdhy; mjw;Fg; gpd;dhy; jpiukiwtpy; ntspapy; mwptpf;fhky; ,uhZt Kid jiyaPl;by; ,e;jpah ,wq;fpaJ. mjhtJ Nghuhspf; FOf;fSf;F Ma;jKk;> gapw;rpAk; mspj;Jf; nfhz; N l nfhOk; G muNrhL mikjpf;fhd Ngr;RthHj;ijAk; elj;jpaJ. ,e; j pahtpd; ,e; j j; jiyaP L <oj; j kpoHfspd; eyj; j pw; f hdJ my;y. khwhf rpwpyq;fh muRf;F
Gjpa Gps ja

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,uz; l fq; f isAk; epfo; j ; j pa ,df;nfhiyfisAk; cyfk; mwpAk;. ,e;jpuh fhe;jpapd; cj;jpjhd; NtNw jtpu cs; Nehf;fk; xd;W jhd; vd;gij tpLjiyg;Gypfs; njspthf czHe;jpUe;jjhy; jw; r hHghd tpLjiyg; g ilahf mt;tikg;G tsHe;J caHe;jJ. vy;yhf; FOf;fSk; ,e;jpa murpd; epoypy; tsHe;j nghOJ> ,e;jpahtpd; cjtpia tuk;Gf;Fl;gl;L ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhYk; jkpoPo kf;fis rhHe;j cz;ikahd tpLjiy ,af;fkhf jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Gypfs; tsHe;jJ ,e;jpa murpd; jkpopd tpNuhjf; nfhs;iff;F mr;RWj;jyhf mike;Jtpl;lJ. tpLjiyg;Gypfs; njhlf;fj; jpypUe;Nj “,e;jpahtpd; GtprhH murpay; eyd;fisAk; mjd; gpuNjr jiyikiaAk; ehq; f s; Gupe; J elf;fpNwhk;” vd;W kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; mwptpj; j hYk; jkpoP o tpLjiy vd;gJ ,e;jpaj;jpd; ,dg;giff; nfhs;iff;F vjpuhf miktjhy; ,e; j pa murhy; mjid Vw; f Kbatpy;iy. kf;fs; MjuNthL tpLjiyg; Ngupaf;fkhf jkpoPo

tpLjiyg;Gypfs; tsHe;Jtpl;lij mjdhy; rfpj; J f; nfhs; s Tk; Kbatpy;iy. ntspg;gilahd gif Nkhjypy; ,wq;f Ntz;ba epiy ,e;jpa muRf;F Vw;gl;lJ. mjw;F Vw;w Fzeyd; cs;stuhf uh[pt; fhe;jpAk; mike;jhH. <oj;jkpoHfSf;F vjpuhf vy;yh ml;^opaq;fisAk; muq;Nfw;wpdhH. mtuJ kidtp Nrhdpah fhe;jp> ,d;Dk; ngupa gopthq;Fk; ntwpNahL jkpopd gifg; Nghiu top elj;jp tUfpwhH. ghy];jPdH fSf;F vjpuhf ,d mopg;Gg; NghH GupAk; ,RNuYf; F mnkupf; f ty; y uR midj; J tifapYk; JizapUg;gJ Nghy <oj;jkpoH fSf;F vjpuhd ,dmopg;Gg; Nghupy; rpq;fs murpw;F midj;J tif muz;fisAk; Nrhdpahtpd; ,e;jpa ty;yuR toq;fp tUfpd;wJ. NghHf; fUtpfisAk;> NghHg; gapw;rpiaAk; rpq;fsg; gilf;F toq;fpaNjhL epy;yhky;> gil mjpfhupfisAk; fs Kidf;F mDg;gp ,e;jpa muR ,ize;J elj;JfpwJ. vdNt <oj;jkpoHfs; MdhYk; jkpo;ehl;Lj; jkpoHfs;

MdhYk; jkpo;j; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; gif rf; j pahf ,e; j pa muR ,Ug; g Jk; > mJ jkpopdj; j pd; mbg;gil gif rf;jp vd;gJk; kPzLk; ; kPz;Lk; njspthfp tUfpwJ. ,e;jpaj;jpd; ,e;j mbg;gil gifikia nfhz;L nrYj;Jk; Kjd;ikahd fl;rpahf fhq;fpu]; fl; r pNa tpsq; F fpwJ. mJTk; Nrhdpah fhe; j papd; jdpg; g l; l gopthq;Fk; czHr;rpAk; ,ize;J nfhz;l gpwF ,e;j ,d mopg;G eltbf; i f jiytpup Nfhykhf jPtpuk; ngw;Ws;sJ. vQ;rpapUf;fpw jdJ Ml;rp fhyj;jpw;Fs;shfNt <oj;jkpoHfis fUtWf;Fk; Ntfj; N jhL fhq; f pu]; Ml; r p fskpwq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;jpak; vd;gJ jkpopdj;jpd; ePqfhj gif vd;w murpay; njspTk;> ; ,g;gif eQ;ir ff;Fk; Kjd;ikahd rf;jp Nrhdpahtpd; fhq;fpu]; fl;rp vd;w tpopg;GzHTk; jkpoHfSf;Fj; Njit. mjw;Nfw;w murpay; cj;jp tFg; g J jkpopdj; j pd; cldbj; Njit MFk;.

Kj;Jf;Fkhh; tPutzf;f Ch;tyk;
jQ; r ht+h; <oj;jkpoh;fisg; ghJfhf;f> jkpoh;fis vOr;rp nfhs;sr; nra;tjw;fhf jd; clYf;Fj; jP %l;b khz;l Kj;Jf;FkhUf;F tPutzf;fk; nrYj;jp 29.01.09 md;W khiy jQ;irapy; CHtyk; eilngw;wJ. njhlh;tz;b epiyaj;jpy; ,Ue;J midj;Jf;fl;rp kw;Wk; ,d czh;thsh;fs; rhh;gpy; Gwg;gl;l Ch;tyk; gioa NgUe;J epiyak; mile;jJ. tPutzf;f Ch;tyj;jpy; ,e; j pa ,yq; i f muRfSf; F vjpuhf fz; l d Kof;fq;fs; vOg;gg;gl;ld. jQ;ir gioa NgUe;J epiyaj;jpy; eilngw;w ,uq;fy; $l;lj;jpw;F Njhoh; ng. kzpaurd; jiyikNaw;whh;. jpUthsh;fs; Jiu. ghyfpUl;bzd; (k.jp.K.f.)> rp. re;jpuFkhh; (rp.gp.I.)> ma;adhGuk; rp. KUNfrd; (jkpoh; Njrpa ,af;fk;)> f. fhspag;gd; (k.f.,.f.) tof;fwpQh; rq;fr; nrayhsh; ey;yJiu> ,skjp (Mjpj; jkpoh; Nguit) cs;spl;l gyh; ,uq;fy; ciuahw;wpdh;. gl; L f; N fhl; i l 30.01.09 md;W fhiy gl;Lf;Nfhl;il jkpo; czh;thsh;fs; $l;likg;G rhh;gpy; vOr;rpkpF ,uq;fy; Ch;tyk; eilngw;wJ. jpU. rf;jpNty; jiyikapy; eilngw;w ,uq;fy; Ch;tyk; mQ;rh neQ;rd; mofphp rpiyapy; njhlq;fp NgUe;J epiyak; nghpahh; rpiyaUfpy; Kbtile;jJ. Njhoh;fs; eh.itfiw> nt. ,uhNre;jpud; (j.Nj.ngh.f.)

muq;f. FzNrfud; (jkpof kdpj chpikf; fofk;) jpUehTf;fuR> rp. gf;fphprhkp (rp.gp.I) F. ghhp (ng.jp.f.) cs;spl;Nlhh; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. xuj; j ehL 30.01.09 khiy xuj;jehL j.Nj.ngh.f. Kaw;rpapy; tPutzf;f Ch;tyk; eilngw;wJ. tl;lhl;rpah; mYtyfk; mUfpy; njhlq;fp filtPjp topNa nrd;W Ch;tyk; NgUe;J epiyaj;jpy; Kbtile;jJ. Njhoh;. f. mh;r;Rdd; jiyikapy; eilngw;w tP u tzf; f f; $l; l j; j py; Njhoh; f s; eh.itfiw> nt.,uhNre;jpud;> tP. fypangUkhs; (j.Nj.ngh.f.) fy;ahzRe;juk; (xd;wpar; nrayhsh; rp.gp.I) cs;spl;l gyh; ,uq;fy; ciuahw;wpdh;.
Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpoh
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jQ;ir fiyQH efH

xt;nthU Mz;Lk; j.Nj.ngh.f.> j.,.K. mikg;Gfs; rhh;gpy; jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpoh rpwg;ghf nfhz;lhlg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ij Kjy; ehs;jhd; jkpo;g;; Gj;jhz;lhff; nfhz;lhlg; glNtz;Lk; vd ehk; typAWj;jp te;j epiyapy;> jkpof muR ,e;j Mz;L Kjy; ij Kjy; ehNs jkpo;gGj;jhz;L vd mwptpj;Js;sJ ; kfpo;rrpf;FhpaJ. ; jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpohitnahl;b gy gFjpfspy; fl; L iu> jpUf; F ws; xg; g pj; j y; > Xtpak;> Ngr;Rg; Nghl;b> Xl;lg;ge;jak;> ghid cilj;jy;> ,ir ehw;fhyp vd gy;NtW tifg; Nghl;bfSk; eilngw;Ws;sJ. G+jY}h; xd; w pak; jQ;ir khtl;lk; G+jY}h; xd;wpak; nrq;fpg;gl;bapy; 15-k; Mz;L jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpoh 14.01.2009 md;W rpwg;ghf nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. 14 Mz;Lfshf ,e;j tpohtpy; fye;Jnfhz;L rpwg;gpj;j Njhoh;. ng. kzpaurd; Nfhit rpiwapy; ,Ue;j epiyapy; ,t;tpoh eilngw;wJ. Nfhit rpiwapy; ,Ue;j Njhoh;fs; ng. kzpaurd;> nfhsj;J}h; kzp> rPkhd; MfpNahhpd; tpLjiy> <oj;jkpoh; rpf;fy;> jkpoh;fs; rpf;fy;

kw;Wk; chpik kPl;G njhlh;ghd fUj;Jfs; Ngrg;gl;lJ. Njhoh; Fo. ghy;uhR jiyikapy; eilngw;w ,t;tpohtpy; Njhoh;fs; eh. itfiw> go. ,uhNre;jpud;> f. fhkuhR> nu. fUzhepjp> Nrh. murd; (tpLjiyr; rpWj; i jfs; ) ,uh. ee;jf;Fkhh; (k.jp.K.f.) MfpNahh; tho;jJiu toq;fpdh;. ; ftpQh; ,uhrhuFehjd; jiyikapy; Gyth; Nfh. ehNfe;jpud;> ftpQh; ftpj;Jtd;> ftpQh; ftpgh]; f h; > Fo.gh. ]; l hypd; MfpNahh; ftpij gbj;jdh;. epiwthf Nguh. j. nrauhkd;> Njhoh;. fp. ntq;fl;uhkd; rpwg;Giuahw;wpdh;. jkpof ,isQh; Kd;dzp kw;Wk; jkpof kz;ghb yhhp Rik Vw;Wjy;> ,wf;Fjy; njhopyhsh; rq;fk; rhh;gpy; eilngw;w ,t; t pohtpw; F Njhoh; uhN[\; tuNtw;whh;. Njhoh; khzpf;fuhR ed;wp $wpdhh;. ee; j tdg; g l; b 16.01.2009 md;W ee;jtdg;gl;bapy; gy;NtW tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfspy; ntd;wth;fSf;F ghprspg;G tpoh j.,.K. rhh; g py; kpfr; r pwg; g hf eilngw;wJ.
Gjpa Gps ja

Njhoh; nre;jpy;Fkhh; jiyikapy; eilngw;w tpohtpy; Njhoh; r.gpe;Jrhud; ghpRfs; toq;fp rpwg; G iuahw; w pdhh; . Njhoh; f s; go.,uhNre;jpud;> nu. fUzhepjp> M. Njtjh]; cs; s pl; l Njhoh; f s; tho;jJiu toq;fpdh;. ; ghiyag; g l; b j.,.K. rhh;gpy; 15.01.2009 md;W tpisahl;L tpoh rpwg;ghf eilngw;wJ. Njhoh; M. NjtjhR (xd; w par; nrayhsh; j.,.K.) jiyikapy; eilngw;w tpohtpy; Njhoh; fp. ntq;fl;uhkd; ghpRfs; toq;fp rpwg;Giuahw;wpdhh;. Njhoh;fs; Fo. ghy;uhR> nu. fUzhepjp> f. fhkuhR cs;spl;l gyh; tho;jJiu toq;fpdh;. ; epiwthf fz;ghh;itaw;w FOtpdhpd; ,ir epfo;r;rp rpwg;ghf eilngw;wJ. fhkhl; r pGuk; 17.01.09 md;W j.,.K. rhh;gpy; jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpoh rpwg;ghff; nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. Njhoh; nry;tuhR (fpisr; nrayhsh;> j.Nj.ngh.f.) jiyikapy; eilngw;w tpohtpy; Njhoh;fs; Nfh. khhpKj;J (jiyikr; nraw; F O> j.Nj.ngh.f.) go. ,uhNre;jpud;> Fo. ghy;uhR> nu. fUzhepjp) f. fhkuhR cs;spl;Nlhh; rpwg; G iuahw; w pdh; . epfo; r ; r papd; epiwtpy; <NuhL nghJf;$l;l epfo;rrp ; jpiuaplg;gl;lJ. jQ;ir efuk; - fiyQh; efh; j.,.K. rhh; g py; 15.01.09 md;W jkpoh; jpUehs; ngUtpoh tpisahl;L tpoh rpwg;ghf eilngw;wJ. khiyapy; eilngw;w ghprspg;G tpohTf;F Njhoh; m. jdghy; jiyikNaw;whh;. Nghl;bfspy; fye;Jnfhz;L ntw;wp ngw;wth;fSf;F ghpRfs; toq;fp vOj;jhsh; ghkad; rpwg;Giuahw;wpdhh;. Njhoh;fs; go. ,uhNre;jpud;> eh.itfiw> ,uhR. Kdpahz;b> kh. rP d pthrd; (fpisr; n rayhsh; > j.Nj.ngh.f.) cs;spl;Nlhh; tho;jJiu ; toq;fpdh;. jpUr;rp nydpd;-fhe;jp FOtpdhpd; vOr;rpkpF fiy epfo; r ; r pAk; > khzt-khztpahpd; fiy epfo;rrpAk; rpwg;ghf ele;jd. ;

jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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gpughfud; $wpa xU fl;rp Ml;rpKiwAk;
fUzhepjpapd; ru;thjpfhu XyKk; ng.kzpaurd;
mJ cz;ikay;y. A+fh];yhtpahtpy; ,Ug;gJ Nghd;w xU fl;rp Ml;rpKiw ,Uf;Fk; vd;Wjhd; gpughfud; $wpapUe;jhu;. A+fh];yhtpahtpy; fk;a+dp];l; fl;rp Ml;rp mg;NghJ ele;jJ. md;W> Nrhtpaj; xd;wpaj;jpy; xU fl;rp Ml;rpjhd; ele;jJ. ,d;W rPdh> tpal;ehk;> fpAgh> tlnfhupah Nghd;w fk;a+dp];l; ehLfspy; xU fl;rp Ml;rpKiw jhd; elf; f pwJ. fle; j rpy Mz; L fSf; F Kd; G nrd;idapy; fpA+gh tpoh kpf vOr;rpajhf ele;j nghOJ gply; fh];lNuhit tho;jjp fUzhepjp fbjk; vOjpdhH. ; ; fpA+ghtpy; xU fl;rp Ml;rp elj;Jk; gply; fh];l;Nuh mg;nghOJ fUzhepjpf;F rHthjpfhupahf njupatpy;iyah? ney;iyapy; ele;j jp.K.f. ,isQuzp khehl;bw;F ,isQHfis miof;f khNth> NrFNtuh> gply; fh];lNuh MfpNahH tho;fif tuyhWfis Gfo;eJ ; ; ; vOjpa fUzhepjpf;F> mtHfs; vy;yhk; xU fl;rp Ml;rp Kiwia nray;gLj;jpatHfs; vd mg;nghOJ njupahjh? mt;thwhd xU fl;rp Ml;rp Kiwia xUtu; Vw;fyhk; my;yJ kWf;fyhk;. Mdhy; mt;thwhd xU fl;rp Ml;;rp muR cyfpy; Vw;fg;gl;L> me;ehLfs; gy fl;rp ehLfSld; ey;YwT nfhz;Ls;sd. muR mikg;G Kiwfspy; xU fl;rp Ml;rp KiwAk; xd;W. A+fh];yhtpaj; jiytH bl;Nlh xU fk;A+dp];lhf ,Ue;jhYk; Nrhtpaj; Kfhkpy; Nruhky; mzpNruh ehlhf A+fh];yhtpahit top elj;jpdhH. mJ Nghy; jhd; epWt tUk; G k; jkpoP o k; Nrhryprg; ghijiag; gpd;gw;wpdhYk; mJ jkJ kz;zpw;F Vw;w tbtk; ngWk; vd;Wk;> mzp Nruh ehlhf jkpoPok; jpfOk; vd;Wk; mg;Ngl;bapy; gpughfud; $wpapUf;fpwhH. ,jidf; fUzhepjp nfhr;irg;gLj;jp> gpughfud; mjpfhu ntwpau; vd;W fhl;lTk;> ru;thjpfhup vd;W fhl;lTk; jpupG Ntiyfisr; nra;fpwhu;. xU fl;rp Ml;rp vd;gjw;F khwhf xU FLk;g Ml;rp elf;Fk; vd;W gpughfud; $wpapUe;jhy; fUzhepjp kdepiwtile;jpUg;ghNuh vd;dNth? A+fh];yhtpah khjpup xU fl;rp Ml;rp vd;W gpughfud; nrhy;yp 24 Mz;Lfs; Mfpd;wd. mjd;gpwF tpLjiyg;Gypfs; mikg;gpy;> gy fUj;jpay; khw;wq;fs;> tsu;rrpfs; Vw;gl;Ls;sd. ; ,e;j tsu;rrp khw;wq;fs; fhuzkhf> Vw;nfdNt> ; mzpak; nra;ag;gl;bUe;j mtu;fs; fl;rpf; nfhs;ifj; jpl;lj;ij ntspaplhky; epWj;jptpl;lhu;fs;.
Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

jp.K.f. jiyikr; nraw;FO jPu;khdk;> mij xl;b jp.K.f jiytu; fiyQu; fUzhepjp nra;jpahsu;fsplk; $wpait midj;Jk; mf;fl;rp> Kf;fhl;il ePffp KOikahf tpLjiyg;GypfSf;F vjpuhf ; tPjpf;F tUfpwJ vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ.
gpughfud; ru;thjpfhup vd;Wk; kw;w jiytu;fis mopj; J tpl; l hu; vd; W k; tpLjiyg; G ypfis Mjupf;fKbahJ vd;Wk; ,e;jpa muRf;Fk; cyFf;Fk; vLj;Jf;fhl;lNt ,e;j nraw;FO $l;lg;gl;lJ vd;W njupfpwJ. <oj;jkpou;fisf; $l;lk; $l;lkhfr; rpq;fsg;gil nfhd;W Ftpf;Fk; ,f;fhyj;jpy;> me;j ,dg;gLnfhiyiaj; jLf;f tpLjiyg;Gypfs; tPug;Nghu; elj;jpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; kpf neUf;fbahd Neuj;jpy; fUzhepjp tpLjiyg; Gypfis ,opTg;gLj;Jfpwhu;. ,yq; i fj; jkpou; ey cupikg; Nguit vd; w Xu; mikg; i g cUthf; f g; Nghfpwhu; f shk; . mjpy; fhq; f pu]; . khu; f ; r p]; l ; fk; A +dp]; l ; fl; r p Mfpait Ntz; L khdhy; Nruyhk;. mjpYk; nrayypjh $l;lzpapy; cs;s khu;f;rp];l; fk;a+dp];l; fl;rp fUzhepjp jiyikapy; NrUk; vd;W vjpu; g hu; f ; f KbahJ. kpr; r k; fhq; f pu]; j hd; . <or; r pf; f ypy; fhq;fpuNrhL nfhs;if cld;ghL nfhz;Ls;shu; fUzhepjp vd;gJ cWjpahfptpl;lJ. jp.K.f. nraw;FO epiwNtw;wpa jP u ; k hdj; j py; > rpq; f s muirr; rhbaij tpl gpughfuidr; rhbaNj mjpfk; . gpughfud; vg;nghONjh ,e;J Vl;Lf;Ff; nfhLj;j nrt;tpapy; jkpo; <ok; fpilj;jhy; ru;thjpfhu Ml;rp elj;JNthk; vd;W $wpajhff; fUzhepjp nrhy;fpwhu;.

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epfuik (Nrhrypr)f; fz; N zhl; l j; J ld; nray;gLfpw mikg;Gjhd; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; mikg;G. ,g;nghOJ tpLjiyg;Gypfis nlNyh> gpshl;><.gp.Mu;.vy;.vg;.> <Nuh];> jkpou; If;fpa tpLjiy Kd;dzp (TULF mkpu;jypq;fk;) cs;spl;l gy;NtW jkpo; mikg;Gfs; Mjupf;fpd;wd. tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; topfhl;Ljypy; nray;gLk; jkpo;j;Njrpaf; $l;lzpapy;> ,yq;if ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs; 22Ngu; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; vy;yhk; Nkw;fz;l jkpo; mikg;Gfisr; Nru;e;jtu;fs;jhk;. jkpo; <oj;jpy; 98 tpOf;fhl;Lj; jkpou;fshYk; jkpo;ehl;by; 80 tpOf;fhl;Lj; jkpou;fshYk; jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytuhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;stu; gpughfud; . gy; N tW fUj; J f; fzpg; G fspy; ,J epWtg;gl;Ls;sJ. mg;gbg;gl;l gpughfuNdhL fUq;fhyp fUzhit rkg;gLj;jpf; fUj;Jf; $wpapUf;Fk; xd;Nw> fUzhepjpapd; gifik czu;r;rpia mk;gyg;gLj;JfpwJ. kJiuapy; jp.K.f.tpd; Kd;dhs; mikr;ru; jh. fpUl;bzid> mNj jp.K.f.itr; Nru;ej ,d;ndhU ; mjpfhuf;FOtpdu; nfhiy nra;jNghJ> fUzhepjp rl;lg;Nguitapy; $wpaij ,q;F epidj;Jg;ghu;f;f Ntz;Lk;. “mz;zh fhyj;jpNyNa jp.K.f.Tf;Fs; Nfh~;b rz;ilAk; nfhiyAk; ele;jJz;L. J}j;Jf;Fbapy; jp.K.f.gpuKfu; Nf.tp.Nf. rhkpia- jp.K.f.tpy; cs;s ,d;ndhU Nfh~;bjhd; nfhiy nra;jJ” vd;whu;.

jh.fpUl; b zd; nfhiyia ,t; t hW Vd; ,ay;ghd xd;whff; fhl;bdhu;? mf;nfhiyapy; mtUila kfd; K.f.mofpup Fw;wQ;rhl;lg;gl;bUe;jhu;. mNj kJiuapy; jpdfud; Vl;by; te;j xU fUj;Jf; fzpg;gpy; Mj;jpukile;j mofpup Nfh~;bapdu; me;j ,jopd; mYtyfj;ijr; #iwahbdu;. mtu;fs; %l;ba neUg;gpy; %d;W Copau;fs; khz;ldu;. ,g;gbg;gl;l FLk;gj;; jiytuhd fUzhepjp> <o tpLjiyg;Nghupy; eilngw;w “rNfhju Aj;jj;ij”g;gw;wp jpUk;gj; jpUk;g NgRfpwhu;. ,tu; vg;gb tYthf- ,e;jpa murplk; Nghu; epWj;jk; NfhUthu;? ,tu; vg;gb <oj; jkpou;fspd; Jau;Jilg;ghu;? ,tUila xg; G jNyhLjhd; ,e; j pa muR rpq;fsg;gilf;F MAjk; nfhLf;fpwJ; gilahl;fis mDg;GfpwJ vd;gJ ,jd;top njupatUfpwJ. “cs;@u;j; Jg;G ,y;yhky; khL jpUl;Lg;NghfhJ” vd;gJ gonkhop. fUzhepjp> nrayypjh xg;Gjy; ,y;yhky; ,e;jpa muR <og;Nghiu elj;jtpy;iy vd;gJ cWjpahfpwJ.

kzkfd; Njit
mfit 28 28> gp.,. gl;ljhup> nkd;nghUs; nghwpahsH ngz;Zf;F Kw;Nghf;Fr; rpe;jid> xj;j fy;tp ,itfs; cila> gzpapYs;s my;yJ njhopy; GupAk; kzkfd; Njit. rhjp> kjk; jilapy;iy. Fwpg; G : ngz; kztpyf; F ngw; w tH> Foe;ij ,y;iy. njhlHG K.gpr; i rKj; J > vz;: 3> ,uhkhDrH njU> (153-MIG)> ,izT -1> kiwkiy efH> fhQ;rpGuk; khtl;lk; - 603 209.
Gjpa Gps ja jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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rpiwg; gazk;
<Nuhl; L g; nghJf; $ l; l k; ,t;tsT mkspJkspg;gLk; vd;W ahUk; vjpu;ghu;j;jpUf;f KbahJ. 14.12.2008 md;W <NuhL fUq;fy; ghisaj;jpy; j.Nj.ngh.f Vw;ghL nra;j mf;$l;lk; tuyhw;Wg; gjpitg; ngw;Wtpl;lJ. ,e; j pahtpd; ,iwahz; ikNa xU gf;fk; ntbj;J fPwy; tpl; L g; N ghdJNghy; > fhq; f purhu; mywpdhu;fs;. mtu;fNshL ifNfhj;Jf;nfhz;L mupaizapy; ry;yhgpf;Fk; fUzhepjp> ifNfapf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;l jrujd;Nghy; rPkhd;>nfhsj;J}u; kzp> ng. kzpaurd; MfpNahiuf; ifJ nra;a Mizapl;lhu;. 19.12.2008 md;W fhty;Jiwapdu; vq;fisj; jisg;gLj;jpdu;. Nfhit eLtz; rpiw t.c.rp. njhFjpapy; t.c.rp 09.07.1908Kjy; 01.12.1910 tiu rpiwapUe;j miw epidTr; rpd;dkhf khw;wg;gl;L g+l;b itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mj;njhFjpapd; Kjy; miw mJ. miwf;Fs; Rtupy; t.c.rp. glk; khl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ. mLj; j miwapy; ehDk; ehd; f htJ miwapy; Njhou; f s; nfhsj; J }u; kzpAk; > rP k hDk; ,Ue;Njhk;. 19.12.2008 jisg;gLj;jg;gl;l gfypy; rPkhDk>; nfhsj;J}u; kzpAk; md;W ,uNt Nfhitr; rpiwf; F f; nfhz; L tug;gl;ldu;. ehd; 19.12.2008 khiy 6.45 kzpf;F nrd;idapy; fl;rp mYtyfj;jpy; ,Ue;jNghJ jisg;gLj;jg;gl;Nld;. vdJ ifij vjpu;ghu;j;J mq;F te;jpUe;j tof;FiuQu;fs; NrRghyd; uh[h> ,se;jpiuad;> fTjk; nrgh> mfud; kw; W k; j.Nj.ngh.f. Njhou;fs; fp.ntq;fl;uhkd;> ghyh> ftpgh];fu;> ntw; w pj; j kpod; > mUzghujp> guzpg;ghtyd; cs;spl;Nlhu; Kof; f q; f s; vOg; g p topaDg; g p itj;jdu;. nra; j pawpe; J jpiug; g l ,af; F eu; nt. Nrfu; > ,e; j paf; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapd; jkpofj;Jizr; nrayhsu; Njhou; rp. kNfe;jpud; MfpNahu; fhty; e piyak; te; J vd;idr; re;jpj;jdu;. kWehs; 20.12.2008 fhiy 9 kzpf;F <NuhL fhty;Jiwapdu; khk;gyk; fhty;epiyaj;jpypUe;J mioj;Jr;nrd;wdu;. Njhou;fs; fp.nt. ftpgh];fu;> mUzghujp> ntw; w pj; j kpod; > f. khjtd; > GUNrhj;jkd; MfpNahu; jdpNa tz;b vLj;J> fhty;Jiw tz;biag; gpd;njhlu;eJ te;jdu;. ; <NuhL Fw;wtpay; eLtu;-I ,y; y j; j py; ,uT 7.30 kzpf; F vd;id Neu;epWj;jpdu;. Kd;djhf eP j pgjp ,y; y j; j pw; F ntspNa Vuhskhd Njhou;fs; Kof;fq;fs; vOg;gp tuNtw;wdu;. ngupahu; jp.f.> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;> jkpo;jNjrpa ; tpLjiy ,af; f k; > j.x.tp.,. j.Nj.ngh.f.> rhjp xopg;Gg; nghJ Tilik Kd;dzp cs;spl;l gy;NtW ,af;fq;fisr; Nru;e;j tu;fSk; ,d czu; thsu;fSk; me;j vOr;rpkpF Kof;fj;jpy; gq;F nfhz; l du; . nra; j pahsu; f Sk; jpushf te;jpUe;jdh;. tof; f wpQu; g.gh.Nkhfd; mtu;fs; jiyikapy; tof;Fiu Qu;fs; Fohkhf te;jpUe;J gpiz kD Nghl;ldu;. ePjpgjp ePjpkd;wf; fhty; Mizapl;lgpd; nra;jpahsu; fsplk; ehd; NgrpNdd;. “,j; j hyp ehl; L f; f huu; f s; ve;j ehl;byhtJ <oj;jkpou;fisg; Nghy; ,dg;gLnfhiy nra;ag; gl;lhy; me;j ehl;L muRf;F Nrhdpah fhe;jp MAjk; nfhLg;ghuh? gQ;rhgpau; vq;fhtJ ,df;nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhy; mt;thW nfhy;Yfpd;w muRf;F kd;Nkhfd;rpq; gil cjtp nra;thuh?

Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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kiyahspfisf; n fhd; W Ftpj;jhy; me;j muRf;F V.Nf. me;Njhzp MAj cjtp nra;thuh? Nfl; f ehjpaw; w J jkpo; ,dk; vd;Wjhd; ,e;jpah rpq;fs muRf;F MAjq;fSk; gapw;rpAk; jUfpwJ”. clNd xU nra;jpahsu; \\uh[Pt;fhe;jp nfhiygw;wp” vd;whu;;. \\uh[P t ; f he; j p mDg; g pa ,e; j pa mikjpg;gil Mwhapuk; <oj;jkpou;fis-Foe;ijfs;> KjpNahu;> ngz;fs; cs;spl;Nlhiuf; nfhd;W Ftpj;jJ. mjpy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ahNuh nra;jpUf;fyhk;. ,JFwpj;J xNu Nkilapy; tpthjpf;ff; fhq;fpu]; jiytu;fs; jahuh?|| vd;Nwd;. ,Wjpahf> “je;ij ngupahu; fhq;fpuir tpl;L ntspNa te;jJk;> jkpo;ehl;by; fhq;fpuir xopg;gJjhd; vdJ Kjy; Ntiy vd;whu;. me;jf; flikia jkpou;fs; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;”;> vd;Nwd;. mq; f pUe; J Nfhitr; rpiwf;Ff; fhty; tz;bapy; mioj; J r; nrd; w hu; f s; . $lNt ,d;ndhU tz;bapy;> r.mu.kzpghujp> nre;jkpod;> ];lhypd;> K.Fkhu;> njl;rpzh MfpNahu; te;jdu;. rpiwthapypy; E}w; W f; f zf; f hNdhu; jhiu jg; g l; i lAld; tuNtw; w du; . Kof;fq;fs; vOg;gpdu;. ngupahu; jp.f.Nfhit khtl;lj;jiytu; Njhou; MWr; r hkp> j.Nj.ngh.f.> Njhou; jkpourd; > tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; > tof;FiuQu;fs; vdg; gy jug;gpdUk; te;jpUe;jdu;. Mdhy; fhty; tz; b > epw;fhky; kpfNtfkhf me;j ,lj;ijf; fle;J nrd;wJ. Kjy; ehs; Njhou; f s; rPkhDk; nfhsj;J}u; kzpAk; <Nuhl;L ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tug;gl;lNghJ> mq;F $bapUe;j ngUe;jpushd Njhou;fs;> mg;NghJ mq;F te;j fhq;fpu]; nfhb Nghl;l fhiu #o; e ; J vjpu; g ; G Kof; f nkOg;gpAs;sdu;. fhu; cupikahsu;

fhUf;Fr; Nrjk; vd;W Gfhu; nfhLj;J 18 Njhou;fs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L rpiwapyilf;fg; gl;ldu;. ,jdhy; kWehs; ehd; tUk;NghJ> $l;lj;jpdUld; ehd; neUq;fp tplhjthW> <Nuhl;bYk;> Nfhit apYk; fhty;Jiwapdu; je;jpukhf mioj;Jr; nrd;wdu;. Mdhy; Kjy; ehs; Kof;fnkOg;gpNahu; ifJ nra;ag;gl;l epiyapYk; kWehSk; ngUe; j pushf kf; f s; $baJ mtu;fspd; czu;rrpg; ngUf;ifAk; ; #o;epiyapd; vOr;rpiaAk; fhl;baJ. 20.12.2008 ,uT 10.30 kzpf;F rpiw miwf;Fs; GFe;Njd;. xU khjk; Kd;du; mWit rpfpr;ir vdf; F nra; a g; g l; l nra; j pia Kd;$l;bNa rpiwf; fz;fhzpg;ghsuplk; Njhou;fs; rP k hDk; nfhsj; J }u; kzpAk; $wpAs;shu;fs;. Kjy;ehs; ,tu;fs; ,UtiuAk; rpiwthrypy; topaDg;g te;j jpiug;gl ,af;Feu; kzptz;zd; mtu;fSk; fz; f hzpg; g hsu; Nfhtpe; j uhrd; mtu;fsplk; $wpAs;shu;. mjdhy; rpiwf;Fs; Eioe;jJk; fz; f hzpg; g hsu; “kUj; J tkid miwapy; Ntz;Lkhdhy; ePq;fs; ,Ue; J nfhs; s yhk; ” vd; w hu; . “,y; i y> vq; f s; Njhou; f Sld; ,Ue;J nfhs;fpNwd;” vd;Nwd;. tpbe; J rpiwf; n fhl; l b jpwe;jJ. Kjy;ehs; te;j Njhou;fs; ,UtUld; mstshtpf; nfhz; b Ue; j NghNj kUj; J tu; xUtu; te;J vd; FUjp mOj;jj;ijr; Nrhjpj;J> mWit rpfpr;ir tptuq;fisf; Nfl;lhu;. “njhe;juT ,Ue;jhy; kUj;Jtkidapy; Nru; e ; J nfhs; s yhk; | | vd; w hu; . njhe;juT xd;Wkpy;iy; ,q;NfNa ,Ue;J nfhs;fpNwd;” vd;Nwd;. rpiwapy;> jz;lidr; rpiwahsu;fshf cs;s gyu; te;J %tiuAk; tuNtw;W md;G ghuhl;b> ,ijr; nra;J juth> mijr; nra;J
Gjpa Gps ja

juth vd;W Nfl;L md;G kio nghope;jhu;fs;. jkpo; ,dj;jpw;fhf> jkpo; nkhopf; f hfr; rpiw nrd; w hy; > rpiwapy; cs;s jkpou;fs; vy;yhk; ekf;F ez;gu;fs;jhk;; cwtpdu; fs;jhk;. te;J ghrkio nghope;j gyUk; tho; e hs; rpiwahsu; f s; . ehq;fs; VNjh Rw;Wyh nrd;wJNghy; rpiwf;Fs; nrd;Ws;Nshk;. vq;fs; %tupy; nfhsj;J}u; kzp mtu;fs;jhk; jlh Nghd;w nfhbar; rl;lq;fspd; fPo; jkpofr; rpiwfspYk; fu;ehlfr; rpiwfspYk; gy Mz;Lfs; ,Ue;jtu;. Njhou; rPkhd; ,uhNk];tuk; Ngr; R f; f hff; fle; j khjk; jhd; jisg;gl;L kJiur; rpiwapypUe;J ntspte;J ,uz;lhtJ jlitahff; Nfhitr; rpiw te;Js;shu;. ehd; Kjy; Kjy; 1973 nrg;3-y; jpUr;rp eLtz; rpiwapy; 19 ehs;fs; ,Ue;Njd;. mjd;gpwF> gj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jlit jpUr;rprpiw> nrd;id gioarpiw> NtY}u;rrpiw> Goy;rpiw Mfpatw;wpy; ; ,Ue;jpUf;fpNwd;. xt;nthU jlitAk; 15 ehs;> 10> ehs;> 20 ehs; fzf;Fjhd;. 19Mz;L> 15 Mz;L vd tho;ehspd; fzprkhd gFjpfisf; fopj;jtu;fs; Nfhitr;rpiwapypUf; fpwhu;fs;. 7 Mz;L> 10 Mz;L fopj;j ,isQu;fs; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ngupatu; Nfhit ghl;rh (my; ck;kh)> tPug;gd; mz;zd; ngupatu; khja;ad; MfpNahu; 19 Mz; L fSf; F Nky; rpiwapy; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fs; vq;fs; kPJ md;G nghopfpwhu;fs;. ehq;fs; %tUk; kjr;rhu; gpd; i k nfhs; i f cilNahu; . ,Ue;jhYk; Nfhitr;rpiwapy; cs;s my; ck;kh ez;gu;fshdhYk; G+upfky; Nghd;w ,e;Jj;Jth ez;gu;fshdhYk; vq;fs; kPJ md;G ghuhl;Lfpwhu;fs;. ehq;fSk; mtu;fs; kPJ md;G ghuhl;LfpNwhk;.

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eLtz;rpiw xU FbauR Nghd;wJ. mq;F rpiwg;gl;Ls;s midtUk; mjd; Fbkf; f s; mtu;fs; vd;d Fw;wk; nra;Jtpl;L te; j hu; f s; vd; g ijg; ghu; j ; J g; ghFghL fhl;lf;$lhJ. nfhs;if tpthjk; vd;W tUk; NghJ my; ck;khtplKk; tpthjpg;Nghk;. ,e;Jj;JthtplKk; tpthjpg;Nghk;. mjpy; tpl;Lf;nfhLg;gjw;fpy;iy.Mdhy;xUtUf;nfhUtu; rkkhf md;G ghuhl;Ltjpy;> cjtpf; nfhs;tjpy; ve;jg;ghFghLk; ehq;fs; itj;Jf nfhs;stpy;iy. ; r p i w m Y t y u ; ( Jailor ) md;gofd; mtu;fSk; vq;fsplk; md;G ghuhl;bdhu;. fhtyu;fSk; mg;gbNa. MdhYk; vq;fSf;nfd;W fl;Lg;ghLfs; $LjyhfNt ,Ue;jJ. t.c.rp. njhFjpia tpl;L> ehq;fs; tpUg; g jpw; F ntspNa ,juj; njhFjpfSf;Fg; Nghf KbahJ. mjw;F rpiw mYtyu; mDkjp Ntz;Lk;. nfhRj; n jhy; i y mjpfk; . ehd; cly;eykpy;yhjtd; vd;gjhy; vdf;F kl;Lk; xU nfhR tiy Vw;ghL nra;J jpU ghl;rh mtu;fs; jk; jk;gp %yk; nfhLj;jDg;gpdh;. jkpo; j ; N jrpar; rpe; j id gutyhf mq; F tsu; e ; J s; s J. mtu;fs; ve;j mikg;igAk; fl;rpiaAk; Nru;e;jtu;fs; ,y;iy. Mdhy; jkpo;j;Njrpar; rpe;jidf;F te;Js;shu;fs;. Nfhitr; rpiwapy;jhd; jkpo; ehl;bNyNa Kjy; Kjyhf xt;nthU njhFjpapYk; xU ehisf;F xU jpUf; F ws; vOJk; eilKiw nraYf;F te;Js;sJ. jkpo; czu;Ts;s rpiwahsu;fs; ,g;gof;fj;ijj; njhlq;fp itj;Js; shu; f s; . mq; F s; s rpiwahsu; f s; mijtplhky; filgpbf;fpwhu;fs;. kw;w rpiwfSk; ,ijg; gpd; g w; W tjhfr; nrhd; d hu; f s; . md;whlk; fhiyapy;> rpiw eLNt cs;s NfhGuj;jpypUe;J (ltu;)

xypngUf;fpapy; xU Fws; nrhy;yp mjw; F tpsf; f Kk; nrhy; f pwhu; tp[aFkhu; vd;w rpiwahsu;. jkpof Kjy;th; jpul;ba <oj;jkpoh; cjtp epjpf;F Nfhitr; r piwahsh; f s; kl; L k; nfhLj;j njhif &. 42>000.00-k;. jkpofr; rpiwfspNyNa mjpfj; njhif nfhLj;j rpiw ,Jjhd;. ,g; n ghOJ rpiwf; F s; “ifjp” vd;W ahiuAk; miog;g jpy; i y. ifjpia “rpiwthrp” vd;Wjhd; miof;fNtz;Lk; vd;w eilKiw ,Uf;fpwJ. ,g;nghOJ rpiwj;Jiwj; jiytuhf cs;s eluh[; rpy rPu;jpUj;jq;fisr; nra;J tUfpwhu;. ,];yhkpau;fspd; gz;bif ehspy;> ,];yhkpau;fshf cs;s rpiwahsu;fis mtu;fs; FLk;gg; ngz;fSk; Foe;ijfSk; rpiwf; Fs; te;J vjpu; vjpuhf cl;fhu;e;J Ngr mDkjpf;fpwhu;fs;. mNjNghy; nghq;fy; tpohtpd;NghJ kjNtWghby;yhky;> vy;yh rpiwahsu; f isAk; mtutu; FLk; g j; j hu; rpiwf; F s; nrd; W Neubahfr; re;jpj;Jg;Ngr tha;gGj;jUfpwhu;fs;. ,t;thz;Ljhd; ; ,j;jpl;lk; Nfhitapy; nraYf;F te;jJ. Kjypy; Kfuj;jpw;F ,];yhkpau;fs; mDkjpf;fg;gl;ldu;. mLj;j rpy ehl;fspy; nghq;fy; te;jjhy;> ,e;j Mz;L ,];yhkp au;fis Kfuj;jpy; mDkjpj;Jtpl;Lg; nghq;fYf;F ,];yhkpau; my;yhj midtiuAk; mDkjpj;jdu;. mLj;j Mz; L ,J rup nra; a g; g Lk; vd;whu;fs;. nghq;fy;tpoh jkpou; jpUehs; tpohthfNt filgpbf;fg; glNtz;Lk;. midj;J kjj;jpdUk; md; W jq; f s; FLk; g j; j pdiur; re;jpf;fyhk;. Fwpg;gpl;l kjj;jpw;Fupajhff; FWf;ff; $lhJ. ,t; t hz; L rpiwapy; nghq;fy; tpoh rpwg;ghff; nfhz;lhbdu;. Kjy; njhFjpapy; rkj;Jtg; nghq;fy; itj;jdu;. ,e;J> ,]; y hk; > fpwp]; j t kjq; f isr;

Nru; e ; j rpiwahsu; f s; rpyu; MSf; n fhU if gr; r uprpiag; ghidapy; Nghl;ldu;. vq;fs; %tu; rhu;ghf vd;idg; Nghlr; nrhd;dhu;fs;. mjpfhupfs; vy;yhk; te;jhu;fs;. nghq;fy; midtu;f;Fk; gfpu;eJ toq;fg;gl;lJ. ; kWehs; (15.01.2009) jkpo; czu;thsu;fs; 9-k; njhFjpapy; nghq; f y; itj; j hu; f s; . ehq; f s; %tUk; rpwg;G tpUe;jpdu;fs;. nghq;fp te;jTld; “nghq;fNyh nghq;fy;” vd;W Kof;fkpl;ldu;. vq;fs; iffspy; nfhLj;jpUe;j Gwhf;fisg; gwf;ftpl;Nlhk;. VO Mz;Lfs; vl;L Mz;Lfs; rpiwapypUf;Fk; ,isQu;fSk; ngupatu;fSk; ,e;j Vw;ghLfisr; nra;jhu;fs;. Njhou; f s; Jiug; g hz; b > rf;jpNty;> jkpo;r;nry;td;> A+Rg;> fUg;igah Nghd;wtu;fspd; Kaw;rp ghuhl; b w; F upaJ. tof; F iuQu; rptrhkpj; jkpod; ,tu; f is mt;tg;NghJ re;jpf;fpwhu;. jpUf; F ws; vOJgtu; fSf;Fk;> jkpo; czu;thsu;fs; rpyUf; F k; > nghq; f Yf; F Ntl; b rl; i l thq; f p md; g spg; g hf toq; F fpwhu; f s; . Mz; L NjhWk; ,t;thW nra;J tUfpwhu;fshk;. jkpo; czu;thsu;fs; ntspapy; cs;s ,irf;FO xd;iw itj;J epfo;rrp xd;Wk; itj;jhu;fs;. ; rpiwf;fhtyu; xUtu; rpwe;j fiyQuhf ,Uf; f pwhu; . mtu; ,jw; f hd nryTfis Vw; W f; nfhz;lhu;. NghfpapypUe;J fhZk; nghq;fy; tiu epfo;r;rpfs; ele;jd. fy;Y}up> gs;sp> njhz;L epWtdk; vd te;J md;gspg;ghf rpiwahsu; f Sf; F epfo; r ; r pfis elj;jpdu;. fpwp];Jk]; ehsd;W xU njhz;L epWtdk; 2500

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rpiwahsu;fSf;Fk; Nfhopgpupahzp toq;fpaJ. vq;fis ehs;NjhWk; ghu;ff ; tUk; kf;fs; nts;sk; fl;Lf; flq;fhjjhf ,Ue;jJ. jpiug;gl ,af;Feu; rPkhd;- rpiwf;fjh ehafd;. mtiuf; fhz tpUg; g Kw; N whu; Vuhsk;. mtu;fs; vy;yhk; urpfu;fs; ,y;iy. jkpo; czu;thsu;fs;jhk;. mLj;J mg;gFjpapy; ntspapYk; rpiwapYk; ngUk; nry; t hf; F g; ngw;wtu; nfhsj;J}u; kzp. te;jtu;fs; vy;yhk; %tiuAk; ghu;ff kDg; Nghl;lhu;fs;. ; ghu;j;jhu;fs;. vq;fs; fl;rpfisr; rhu; e ; j tu; f s; te; j hu; f s; . vq; f s; fl;rpfSf;F mg;ghy;> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;> k.jp.K.ftpdu; vdf;$l;lk; $l;lkhf te;jhu;fs;. ve;j mikg;igAk; rhuhj jkpo; ,d czu;thsu;fs; te;jhu;fs;. ngz;fs; gyu; te;jhu;fs;. mtu;fspd; jkpo; ,d czu; r ; r p jkpofk; #Nlwp tUtijf; fhl;LfpwJ. $l;lj;ijf; nfhQ;rk; Fiwj;jhy; ey;yJ vd;ghu; fz;fhzpg;ghsu;. Kjy; Kjypy; vq;fisg; ghu;ff te;jtu; jpiug;gl ,af;Feu; ; kzptz;zd;. mtUld; mtu; kfd; uF mf;fhs; kfd; ,sKUF kw;Wk; Jiz ,af;Feu;fs; te;jhu;fs;. vq;fs; %tUf;Fk; MSf;F ,uz;L Nrhb cLg;Gfs;> xt;nthUtUf;Fk; gLf;if tpupg;G( ngl;rPl;)> fdj;j Nghu; i t> Jz; L Njq; f ha; g ; G + Mfpatw;iwAk; $il epiwag; goq;fisAk; nfhLj;jhu; kzptz;zd;. kPz;Lk; xU Kiw mtu; kidtpAld; te; j hu; . rP k hid kfidg;Nghy; fUjptUk; kzptz;zd; kidtp rpiwapy; mtiuf; fz;lJk; mOJtpl;lhu;. jpiug;gl ,af;Feu; GfNoe;jp jq; f uhR> ,af; F eu; n[fd; > ,af;Feu; rpq;fk;Gyp> fiy ,af;Feu; gpughfud;> jahupg;G epu;thfp rptuhR> ,af;Feu; Mu;. Re;juuhrd;> ,af;Feu; mkPu> ,af;Feu; ghujpuh[h> ,af;Feu; ;

Mu;.Nf.nry;tkzp> ebfu; rj;jpauh[;> ,af;Feu; kzptz;zd;> gh.k.f.rl; l g; N guit cWg; g pdu; Nty;KUfd;> fzFwpQ;rp> ghkud;> gh.k.f.jiytu; Nfh.f.kzp kfd; jkpo;f;Fkud;> Mjpj;jkpou; Nguitj;jiytu; mjpakhd;> nghJr; n rayhsu; eP y Nte; j d; > tpLjiyr; rpWj; i jfs; Nfhit khtl;lj;jiytu; Rrp> fiyaurd; fsg;gpuu; (Mjpj;jkpou; Nguit) F. ,uhkfpUl;bzd;> MWr;rhkp (ng.jp.f) tof;FiuQu; tbthk;ghs;,izau; (j.x.tp.,) tof;fwpQu; mq;faw;fz;zp (j.x.tp.,) epytd; (j.x.tp.,) tof;fwpQu; fe;jrhkpjkae;jp ,izah; jpUg;g+u; (k.jp.K.f) g. ,uj;jpdrhkp <NuhL rhjp xopg; G f; $l; L ,af; f k; nghwpahsu; nrq;Nfhl;ilad; jiytu; jypj; kf; f s; fl; r p> rh.Ngfd; tpLjiyr;Rlu; (Fle;ij jkpo;ffofk;) ; GJitf; fiyr;nry;tk;> Ntypiwad;> vopy; Rg;gpukzpak;(jkpo;j;Njrpa tpLjiy ,af;fk;) NyhF ma;ag;gd; (ng.jp.f)> GJit> fUzh kNdhfud; jkpo;r;nry;tp ,izah;> KUNfrd; thRfp (ng.jp.f.) ,uhk ,sq;Nfhtd;> rh. fjputd;> (ng.jp.f.) rl;lf;fy;Y}hp khzth;fs; njhy;fhg;gpad;> gd;dhrnry;tk;> tof;FiuQh; mUs;> P ; ; tof;FiuQh; g.gh.Nkhfd;> tof;FiuQh; rh[pj;> go.neLkhwd; (jiyth; jkpoh; Njrpa ,af;fk;) kJiu mug;gh> tof;FiuQh; ,uhk. rptrq; f h; > N[hjpghR-uhrpGuk; (k.jp.K.f)> njl;rpzh%h;jjp- uhrpGuk; ; (j.Nj.,.)> Nfh. khhpKj;J (j.Nj.ngh.f. X#h); > jkpourd; (j.Nj.ngh.f.)> fp. ntq;fl;uhkd;> jQ;ir go. ,uhNre;jpud;> m. kd;dh; kd;dd;> jQ;ir kh. rPdpthrd;> Nfhit rq;fh;> <NuhL n[af;Fkhh;> <NuhL Fkhh;> X#h; RNuR> Nfhit RNuR> ntq;fNl~;gpuG> utprq;fh;> midtUk; j.Nj.ngh.f.> kJiu NtYr;rhkp(tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs;)> jhkiuf;fz;zd; (ng.jp.f.)> kzpfz;ld; (jkpoh; fofk;) tof;fiuQh; nr.Jiurhkp (ng.jp.f.)> tof; F iuQh; R. FkhuNjtd; > tof;FiuQh; J. uh[;Fkhh; (ng.jp.f.)> jQ;ir f. gj;kh (k.jp.K.f.)> jQ;ir k. nyl;Rkp> kJiu Mde;jd;-,skjp

(j.Nj.ngh.f.)> r. jkpo;r;nry;td; (j.K.v.r. jkpofg;nghJr;nrayhsh;)> ,af;Feh; jpUKUfd; (nkl;bxyp)> cjtp ,af;Feh; n[fjPrd;> jpiug;gl ebfh; kapy;rhkp> Nfhgp fpl;Lrhkp> rpw;gp,uhrd;> Kidth; K. ,uhkrhkp> Fle;ij Nrhiy khhpag;gd; (ng.jp.f.)> tpaduR (gh.k.f.)> tof; F iuQh; rhf; u BR (gh.k.f. Nfhit) tof;FiuQh; epf;Nfhy]; (kf;fs; fz;fhzpg;gfk;) KjypNahUk; ,d; D k; > ,d; D k; gyUk; gy;NtW ehl;fspy; te;jdh;. mth;fs; ngah;fs; tpLgl;ljw;Fg; nghWj;Jf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,sk; tof;FiuQh;fs; ,uh. fiyauR> ghyr;re;jh;> rptFkhh;> Mde;jFkhh;> ghh;j;jrhujp> ghyKUfd;> uh[Pt;fhe;jp> fhkuhR MfpNahh; mbf;fb te;J ghh;jjdh;. ; ,th;fspy; rpyh; ehs;NjhWk; te;jdh;. tof;FiuQh; g.gh. Nkhfd; kw;Wk; mthpd; ,sk; tof;FiuQh;fs; nfhs;if topepd;W gpiz Kaw; r pfspy; <Lgl; l dh; . ,t; N tiyfspy; mth; f Sf; F f; nfhs;if topg;gl;l kfpo;r;rp jtpu NtW ve;jg;gyDk; ,y;iy. kw;w tof;Ffis chpathW ftdpf;f Kbahky; mth;fSf;F ,og;Gfs; Vw;gl;bUf;Fk;. %d;W jlit <Nuhl;by; gpiz kD Nghl;lhh;fs;. %d;W jlitAk; js;Sgb MdJ. me;j msTf;Fj; jkpof muR gpizia vjph;j;J ePjpkd;wj;jpy; thjpl;lJ> nry;thf;F nrYj;jpaJ. ,Wjpapy;> %j;j tof;FiuQh; nr.Jiurhkp mth;fSk;> tof;FiuQh; ,sq;Nfhtd; mth;fSk; nrd;id cah; e P j pkd; w j; j py; gpiz kD Nghl;ldh;. mg;gpiz kD tprhuizf;F tUk;NghJ mq;F rw;nwhg;g Ik;gJ tof;FiuQh;fs; vOe;J jhq;fSk; ,e;j gpizf;fhf te; j pUg; g jhf ntspg; g Lj; j pf; nfhz;ldh;. ePjpgjp Rje;jpuk; mth;fs; 19.01.2009 md;W gpiz toq;fpdhh;.

Gjpa Gps ja

jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

16 16

20.01.2009 md;W khiy 6.30 kzpf;F ntspapy; te;Njhk;. fl; L f; f lq; f hj ngUq; $ l; l k; Nfhit F. ,uhkfpUl;bzd; jiyikapy; tuNtw;G toq;fpaJ. ,irf;fUtpfs; Koq;fpd. je;ij nghpahh; rpiyf;F khiy mzptpj;j gpd;> nghpahh; gbg;gfj;jpy; nra;jpahsh;fisr; re;jpj;Njhk;. ,uNt> Njhou; rPkhd;> tj;yFz;L glg;gpbg;Gj;jsj;jpw;Fr; nrd;whu; kWehs; 21.01.2009 fhiy NfhitapypUe;J ngupahu; jp.f. Njhou;fs; 40 Cu;jpfspy; mzptFj;J tu Njhou; nfhsj;J}u; kzpAk; ehDk; <NuhL tiu xd;whf te;Njhk;. tp[akq;fyk;> ngUe;Jiw Mfpa Cu;fspy; ngupahu; jp.f. Njhou;fs; tuNtw;Gf; nfhLj;jdu;. <Nuhl;bw;F 1.30 kzpf;F te;J Nru;eNjhk;: gd;dunry;tk; ; P ; G+q;fh ngupahu; rpiyf;F khiy mzptpj;Njhk;. tuNtw;G mspf;f vOr;rpAld; jpushNdhu; $bdu;. fhty;Jiwapdu; Nghf;Ftuj;ij xOq;FgLj;jpdu;. mq;F ciuahw;wptpl;L> Njhou; nfhsj;J}u; kzp Nkl;^u; Nehf;fpAk; ehd; jQ;ir Nehf;fpAk; gpupe;Njhk;. vd;NdhL Njhoh;fs; Nfh.khhpKj;J> <NuhL n[aFkhh;> Fkhh;> rhk;G> gpe;Jrhud; MfpNahh; jQ;ir tiu te;jdh;. jpUr;rp rpe;jhkzpapy; nfhLj;j tuNtw;gpy; tof;fwpQu; rq;fr; nrayu; fq;ifr; nry;td;> tof;fwpQu; ghDkjp> ciof;Fk; kf;fs; tpLjiy ,af;fj; Njhou; mkpu;jNerd; (tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;) jpU. nr.j. ,uhNre;jpud; (ng.jp.f.) jpUNrhouh[d; (j.Nj.,) epytofd; (j.x.tp.fp) jpU.rptg;gpufhrk;> ngupahu; jj;Jt ikak; jpU rutzd;> jzpf;if mwpQu; Fkhurhkp Njhou; ftpj;Jtd;> ,uhrh uFehjd;> jp>kh.rutzd; ( j.Nj.ngh.f) kw; W k; rl; l f; f y; Y }hp khzth;fs; cs;spl;Nlhu; fye;J nfhz;ldu;. jpushNdhu; te;jpUe;jdu;. mLj;J mupakq;fyj;jpy; Njhou; nu.R.kzp mtu;fs; jiyikapy; ele;j tuNtw;gpy; Gytu; KUNfrd; (k.jp.K.f) tPukzp (k.jp.K.f) MfpNahu; gq;F ngw;wdu;. JthFb mz;zh tistpy; Njhou; Nt.f. ,yl;Rkzd; jiyiapy; ele;j tuNtw;gpy; [p.gp. ,Q;rpdPahpq; njhopw; rq;fj; Njhoh;fSk; czh;thsh;fSk; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. mLj;J jQ;ir khtl;l EioTg;gFjpahd GJf;Fb rhiyapy; ele;j khngUk; tuNtw;gpy; Njhoh; f.fhkuhR (j.Nj.ngh.f.) jiyikapy; ngUe;jpushd ciof;Fk; kf;fs; Mz;fSk;> ngz;fSk; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. Njhoh; F.Rg;gpukzpak;> fhkhl;rpGuk; fpisr;nrayhsh; Njhoh;. nry;tuh[; cs;spl;Nlhh; gq;Nfw;wdh;. mjd;gpwF nrq;fpg;gl;b rhZ}ug;gl;bapy; Ntl;L Kof;fk;> giwahl;lk; Mfpatw;Wld; Njhoh; Fo. ghy;uhR (j.Nj.ngh.f.) jiyikapy; ele;j ngUe;jpus; tuNtw;gpy; Mz;fs;> ngz;fs;> ,isQh;fs; jpushff;

fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. Njhoh;fs; ,uh. fUzhepjp> M. NjtuhR> nf. nre;jpy;Fkhh; cs;spl;Nlhh; gq;Nfw;wdh;. epiwthfj; jQ;ir efh;te;jNghJ ,uT kzp 9.30 jQ;ir nghpahh; rpiyf;F khiy mzptpj;Njd;. mq;F Njhoh; go.,uhNre;jpud; (khtl;lr;nrayhsh; (j.Nj.ngh.f.) jiyikapy; jpushNdhh; tuNtw;gspj;jdh;. jkpoh; Njrpa ,af;fg; nghJr; nrahyhsh; jpU. ma;adhGuk; rp. KUNfrd;> Njhoh; ntw;wpNte;jd; (tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs;)> Njhoh; ghhp> tpLjiy Nte;jd;> f. gj;kh (k.jp.K.f.) ntz;.tPuKUF. tPurpq;fk;> Njhoh;fs; eh. itfiw> ,uhRKdpahz; b > nj. fhrpehjd; cs;spl;Nlhh; gq;Nfw;wdh;. 14.12.2008 md;W <Nuhl;by; j.Nj.ngh.f. rhh;gpy; \\jkpoh; vOr;rp ciu tPrR|| vd;w jiyg;gpy; elj;jg;gl;l ; nghJf;$l;lk; ,t;tsT nghpa gpd; tpisTfisAk;> vOr;rpiaAk; cz;lhf;Fk; vd;W vjph;ghh;f;ftpy;iy. mf;$l;lNk vOr;rpahf ele;jJ. ,uz;lhapuk; Ngh; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. fzprkhf kfsph; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. fl; r p vy; i yfSf; F mg; g hy; ,d czh; N thL> <oj;jkpoh;fs; Jah; Jilf;Fk; Mh;tj;jpy; te;jth;fNs mjpfk;. gioa ngUq;fl;rpfs; jiyapl;lhy; jhd; jkpo; ,d czh;tpy; kf;fisj; jpul;l KbAk; vd;wpUe;j epiyik fhyhtjp Mfptpl;lJ. fhL #lhfp tpl;lJ> rpW jPfFr;rp $l ngUe;jia ; P cz;lhf;fptpLk;.

Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

17 17

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tof;fwpQH

Njtehjd; kiwT

kd;Nkhfd; rpq;Nf jpUk;gpg;Ngh! fUg;Gf;nfhb MHg;ghl;lk;
<oj; jkpoiug; gLnfhiy nra;Ak; rpq;fsg; Nghpdthj muRf;Fj; Jizahf ,e;jpa muR Nghiu elj;jptUfpwJ. nrd; i dapy; eilngw; w ntspehL tho; ,e;jpah;fs; njhlh;ghd epfo;r;rpapy; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; 08.01.09-k; md;W fye;Jnfhz;lhh;. jkpopdj;ijg; gLnfhiy nra;Ak; Nghiu elj;Jk; kd;Nkhfd;rpq; jkpofk; tUtjw;F vjph;g;G njhptpj;J fUg;Gf;nfhb Mh;gghl;lk; eilngw;wJ. ; nghpahh; jpuhtplh; fofk;> jkpo;j; Njrg; nghJTilikf;fl;rp> jkpo; Njrpa tpLjiy ,af;fk;> jkpoh; Njrpa ,af; f k; > khh; f ; r pag; nghpahupa nghJTilikf;fl;rp> ciof;Fk; kf;fs; tpLjiy ,af;fk; kw;Wk; jkpopd czh;thsh;fs; ,uz; l hapuj; J f; F k; Nkw; g l; N lhh; fye; J nfhz; L ifjhapdh; . nghpahh; jp.f. Njhoh; f s; mjpf vz;zpf;ifapy; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. jpUthsh;fs; go. neLkhwd;> MD}h; nrfjPrd;> jpahF> vOj;jhsh; nrag;gpufhrk;> eh. itfiw> muq;f. FzNrfud;> ftpQh; jkpNoe;jp> mw;Gjk; mk;khs;> Njdpir nry;yg;gh cs;spl;l gyh; ifJ nra;ag;gl;l Njhoh;fspilNa fUj;Jiuahw;wpdh;. khiy midtUk; tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;ldh;

flY}H tof;fwpQH NjhoH m.Njtehjd; fle;j
8.01.2009 md;W mtuJ ,y;yj;jpy; jpBH khuilg;ghy; fhykhdhH. mtUf;F taJ 58. NjhoH Njtehjd; jkpo;j; Njrg; nghJTilikf; fl; r papy; mjd; njhlf; f Mz;Lfspy; jiyikr; nraw;FOtpy; ,lk; ngw;W rpwg;ghf gzpahw;wpatH. Njh;jy; cs;spl;l rpw;rpy nfhs;if khWghLfs; fhuzkhf j.Nj.ngh.f.tpypUe;J tpyfpapUe;jhYk; jkpo;j; Njrpak; vd;w fUj;jpaypy; ,Wjp tiu cWjpahf ,Ue;jtH NjhoH Njtehjd;. rhjpa xLf;FKiw> kdpj cupik kPwy; cs;spl;l gy;NtW rpf;fy;fs; rhHe;j Nghuhl;lq;fs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; gq;fhw;wpdhH. jpU go.neLkhwd; nghlh rpiwapy; flY}upy; ,Ue;j NghJ mtUf;F gf;f Jizahf gzpahw;wp mtuJ fUj;Jfis ntspapLtjpy; rpwg;ghfg; gzpahw;wpdhH. flY}upy; mtUila cly; ,Wjp kupahijf;F itf;fg;gl;l NghJ j.Nj.ngh.f. rhHgpy; NjhoHfs; fp.ntq; f l; u hkd; > kh.Nfh.Njtuhrd; > rp.MWKfk; > %.KUfNts;> m.kjpthzd; MfpNahH kyH tisak; itj;J mQ;ryp nrYj;jpdH. 23.01.2009 md;W flY}upy; glj;jpwg;G epfo;r;rp eilngw;wJ. NjhoH Njtehjd; jpUTUtg;glj;ij jpU go.neLkhwd; jpwe;J itj;J ,uq;fYiu Mw;wpdhH. NjhoH ng.kzpaurd; kw;Wk; gy;NtW mikg;Gfisr; NrHe;j jiytHfSk; tof;FiuQHfSk; ,e;epfo;tpy; fye;J nfhz;L ,uq;fYiu Mw;wpdH. NjhoH m.Njtehjd; kiwtpw;F Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; jdJ Mo;e;j ,uq;fiyj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwJ.

nrd;id
Gjpa Gps ja jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

18 18

tpLjiyapd; fUtiw
X#H nrk;gupjp
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

t.c.rpapd; rpiwapy; ,d;W Ngud;fs; nts;isaDf;Fnfjpuha; fdd;w neUg;G ,d;W ,e;jpaUf;nfjpuha;... mwr;rpdk; vupj;J fUf;fpNa te;jpUf;fpwJ mbikj;jdj;ij vg;NghJk; ef;fpNa fplf;fpwhHfs; JNuhfpfs; vjpupapd; fhybia gpioj;jhYk; JNuhfpfs; kyj;jpd; GO khz;lhYk; Nghuhspfs; Gije;j tpij %tH cly; milgl;Lf;fplf;fpwJ rpiwf;$lj;jpy; %tH ciu czHNtw;wp vOg;GfpwJ jkpo;j; Njrj;ij! mjpfhuj;jpd; rpiw tpLjiyapd; fUtiw...

Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

19 19

Nfhit eLtz; rpiw nrf;fpOj;j nrk;ky; rpjk;gudhu; rpiwapUe;j miwf;Fk; mLj;j miwapy; ehd; nghOJ rha;e;jJk; g+l;b Gyu;e;jJk; fjT jpwg;gu; fjpu; vOk; fhl;rpia kiwj;J epw;fpwJ kjpy; Rtu; kjpNyhuk; epw;fpwJ khJiskuk;. RtNuwp tUk; #upa tpuy;fs; khJis ,iyfspy; khzpf;fk; G+Rk; Kfk; fOt mq;F Nghdhy; kuk; epiwa ikdhf; FUtpfs; rpiwapy; tsUk; vq;fs; nry;y ikdh kl;Lk; jho;thuj;jpy; jdpNa epw;fpwJ Vw;nfdNt ,q;fpUe;jtu; vLj;J tsu;j;j ikdh mJ ifNky; Fe;;Jk; Njhspy; njhj;Jk; fw;Wf;nfhLj;j xypfisf; fr;rpjkha; vOg;Gk;. Fapy;Nghy;; $Tk; kapy;Nghy; mfTk; rPl;b mbj;jhy; jpUg;gp xypf;Fk; G+idNghy; fj;Jk; \Nghlh| vd;W GupAk;gb nrhy;Yk; Mdhy; mjw;F ikdhNghy; fj;jj; njupahJ ikdhf; $l;lj;jpYk; NruhJ jha;nkhop kwe;J jd;dpdk; Jwe;J jho;thuj;jpy; Rw;WfpwJ jd;id ,oe;j ikdh!

jha;nkhop
ng.kzpaurd;

Gjpa Gps ja

jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

20 20

mz;zhr;rpf;F ,uq;fy;

tpUe; J Guj; j ypy; mz; z hr; r pAk; mtH JiztpahH Rg;Guj;jpdk; mk;ikahUk; kpFe;j ctg;Gf; nfhz;ltHfs;. fHehlfj; jkpoH Nguitapd; jiytuhfr; nray;gl;l mz;zhr;rp ngq;f@U jkpo;r; rq;fj;jpd; jiytuhf ,UKiw NjHT nra; a g; g l; l hH. Vw; n fdNt fHehlf yhup cupikahsHfs; rq;fj;jpy; nghWg;G tfpj;jhH.

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njhopw;Gul;rp vz;zw;w rpf;fy;fis Vw;gLj;jpaJ- Fbirg;gFjpfspd; cUthf;fk;> kpiff; $l;lk; Mfpait ,tw;wpw;Nf cupa jPa tpisTfSld; epfo;e;jd. khefuq;fspYk;> efuq;fspYk; mopTfs; Ftpe;jd. Neha; jhf; F jy; f Sk; ,wg; G tpfpjKk; mjpfupj;jd. Fwpg;ghf ngz;fs; kw;Wk; Foe;ijfs; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;ldu;. vYk;GUf;fp Neha; (TB-Tuberculosis) Nghd;w njhw;W Neha;fs; ngUfpd. njhopw;Jiw kw;Wk; r%fr; rpf;fy;fs; kf;fs; cly;eyid rPuopj;J gLNkhrkhd epiyf;F ,l;Lr; nrd;wd’. Vfhjpgj; j pa ehLfspd; Ruz;ly; ntwpapdhy; cUthd cly; e yf; NfLfis Nkw; f z; l gj;jpfs; tpsf;Ffpd;wd. RUq; f r; nrhy; t njdpy; > gy;yhapuf; fzf;fpy; kdpj capu;fisg; gypthq;Fk; Neha;fs; midj;Jk; Vfhjpgj;jpag; Nguhirapd; tpisTfNs MFk;. fhydpahjpf;f fhyj;jpw;F Kd;G> ,j;jifaf; nfhs;is Neha;fs; ,Ue;jjw;fhd gjpT vJTk;. tuyhw;wpy; ,y;iy. njhopw;Gul;rp vd;wiof;fg; gLk; ngUKjyhspa cUthff; fhyj;jpy; njhopy;kakhd ehLfspy; kf;fspd; ruhrup tho;ehs; kpfTk; Fiwe;jJ. yz;ld; khefupy; 1842 Mk; Mz;L Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Ma;T KbT ,J. (1) ruhrup MAs; f hyk; fs; tifapdu; Mz;Lfs Nkl;Lf;Fbapdu; kw;Wk; mjpfhu kl;lj;jpdu; 44

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ciof;Fk; kf;fs;

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,d;Wtiu njhlu;fpwJ. rhd;whf> khuilg;G> ePupopT> Gw;WNeha; Mfpait 20-k; E}w;whz;by; njhopy;kak; je;j gupRfs;. gzpapy; epr;rakw;w jd;ik> $Ljy; gzpr;Rik> nghUshjhu Cryhl;lk; MfpaitNa ,e;Neha; fs; cUthf mbg;gilf;fhuzq;fs;. Mq;fpy kUj;Jtk; ,e;Neha;fis Kw;wpYk; xopg;g jpy;iy. khwhf> ,e;Neha;fSf;F cl;gl;ltu;fis kUe;Jfisr; rhu;eJ ; thOk; epue; j u Nehahspfshf khw;wptUfpd;wJ. ,e;jg; gpd;Gyj;jpy; fle;j ,UE}W Mz;Lfspy; kUj;Jtj; Jiw xU khngUk; Ruz;lypd; tbtkhfTk; khwpAs;sJ. kUe;J cw;gj;jp epWtdq;fSk; gupNrhjidr; rhjdj; jahupg;G epWtdq;fSk; gy Mapuk; Nfhbfisf; Ftpf; F k; nfhs;isf; $lhuq;fshfpAs;sd. ve;j Vfhjpgj;jpa ehLfs; njhopy;kakhf;fj;jhy; Neha;fis cUthf;fpdNth> mNj ehLfs;jhd; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtf; nfhs;isapYk; jiyikg;ghj;jpuk; tfpf;fpd;wd. kuG topg;gl;l jj;Jtq;fs;> Nfhl; g hLfs; tho; f ; i f Kiw Mfpait midj;Jk; Nkw;fj;jpa \gFj;jwpTthjk;| vDk; ngauhy; epuhfupf;fg;gLtjd; gpd;dzp ,Jjhd;. ,e;jpahtpy; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtj;ij tsu;jnjLf;f fhydpa ; ehLfs; vz;zw;w rjp Ntiyfisr; nra;jd. jkpouJ kuGtop kUj;Jt KiwfisAk; tho; t paiyAk; gpw; N ghf; F j; j dkhdit vd; W ,fo;e;Jiuj;jJ ,r;rjpfspd; xU gFjpNa MFk;. ,e; j pahtpy; Mq; f py kUj; J tk; Eioe; J tsu; e ; j tuyhw;iw Muha;e;J ,f;$w;iw tpsq;fpf;nfhs;syhk;. ; ,e;jpahtpy; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtk; 19-k; E}w;whz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy;> Mq;fpNya

ngUthup mbj;jl;L kf;fs; ,sikf; f hyj; i j vl; b aJNk kuzkile; J s; s ikAk; > tu; f ; f Nky;jl;bdu; mtu;fisf; fhl;bYk; ,Uklq;F MAs;fhyk; ngw;w ikAk; ,t;tha;T KbtpypUe;J njupfpwJ. Vfhjpgj;jpa r%fj; ;jiyik nghUshjhuj;ij kl;Lky;y> kdpjdpd; MAs; fhyj;ijAk; Ruz;Lk; jd;ik cilaJ vd;gij ehk; tpsq;fpf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,e;jg; Gupjy; j hd; Mq; f py kUj; J t Kiwia mZFtjw;fhd mbg; g il. njhopw; r hiyfis cU thf;f> ,af;f> efuq;fis cUthf;f> Nkyjpf ehLfisr; Ruz;l ngUk; vz; z pf; i fapyhd kf; f s; jpus; Njitg;gl;lJ. mNjNtis> MAs; f hy Fiwtpdhy; kf; f s; jpuisj; njhlu;e;J jf;f itj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy; Vfhjpgj;jpa muRfSf;F rpf;fy; Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;jj; Njitapd; tpis thfNt> Mq;fpy kUj;JtKiw jpl;lkpl;L gug;gl;lJ. Mq; f py kUj; J tKiw> Neha;fspd; fhuzq;fisf; Nfs;tp Nfl;ftpy;iy. mtw;iw epue;jukhf xopf;f tpUk;gTk; ,y;iy. khwhf> Neha; f Sf; F j; jw; f hypf Xa; T nfhLj;jJ. NkYk; nky;y nky;y kdpju;fis kUe;Jfisr; rhu;e;J thOk; capupfshf khw;wpaJ. njhopy;kaj;jpd; tpisT fshd nfhs;is Neha;fis xopf;f Ntz; L nkdpy; > kf; f spd; tho; epiyapy; khw; w k; nra; a g; g l Ntz; L k; . mt; t hW nra; t ij Vfhjpgj; j pak; tpUk; g tpy; i y. mNjNtis> mjw;F ciof;Fk; mbikfSk; Njit. ,e;j ,U NjitfisAk; XusT epiwT nra;jJ Mq;fpy kUj;Jtk;. njhopy;kaj;jpw;F cl;gLk; midtUk; Neha;tha;ggLk; epiy ;

Ml;rpahsu;fs; ,e;jpahtpy; Mq;fpy kUj;JtKiwiaj; jpzpf;fj; jPukhdpj;jdu;. ; Kjw;fl;lkhf> kuG topg;gl;l kUj;Jtu;fis xd;W jpul;b mtu; f Sf; F Mq; f py kUj; J t Kiwfisf; fw; W nfhLj; j du; . gapw;rpf;Fg;gpwFk; kuGtop kUj;Jtu;fis Mq;fpy kUj;Jtu;fshf mq;fPfupf;ftpy;iy. khwhf> Mq;fpNya kUj;Jtu;fspd; cjtpahsu;fshf kl;LNk epakpj;jdu;. 1824-k; Mz;L mf;Nlhgu; khjk; ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; Mq;fpy kUj; J tg; g s; s p (Medical School) nfhy;fj;jhtpy; cs;s rk];fpUjf; fy;Y}upapy; epWtg;gl;lJ. ,k;kUj;Jtg; gs;spapy; gapd;wtu;fSf;F kUj;Jtu; vd;w gl;lKk; cau; CjpaKk; toq;fg;gl;lJ. kuGtop kUj;Jtu;fis vLgpbfshfg; gzpaku;j;jpa epiyf;F Kw;wpYk; Ntwhd epiy ,J. ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtg; gs;spf;F ,lkspj;jNjhL mjpy; Nru;eJ gl;lk; ngw;W Mq;fpy ; kUj;Jtj;ij KO%r;rpy; gug;gpajpYk; ghu; g ; g du; cs; s pl; l Mjpf; f rhjpapdNu Kd;dpiy tfpj;jdu;. Mq;fpNyaUf;Fk;> Mq;fpy kUj;JtKiwia tsh;j;;J mjd; g ydhf nghUs; Ftpf; f tpUk;gpa ghu;ggdu; cs;spl;l Mjpf;f ; rhjpapdUf;Fk; ,e;jpahtpy; epytpa kuGtop kUj;Jt Kiwfs; ,ilA+whf ,Ue;jd. Fwpg;ghf> Kfyhau;fspd; Mjuthy; tsu;e;j Adhdp Kiw kPJ mtu;fs; ntWg;G nfhz;bUe;jdu;. jkpou;fspd; rpj;j kUj;Jtk;> ,e;jpah KOtJk; rpwe;j Kiwahf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;bUe;jJ. ghu; g ; g du; f s; MAu; N tjj; i jf; filgpbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jdu;. ,it jtpu> vz;zw;w kuGtop kUj;Jt eilKiwfs; fpuhkq;fspy; epytpd. Mq;fpy kUj;Jtj;ij tsu;ff Nkw;fz;l kuGtop kUj;Jt ;

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Kiwfis xopg;gJ Mq; f pNyaUf; F k; ghu; g ; g du; cs; s pl; l cau; r hjpapdUf; F k; Njitahf ,Ue;jJ. Vw;nfdNt nfhy;fj;jhtpy; ,aq;fpte;j kUj;Jtg; gs;spapy;> Adhdp MAu;Ntjk; Mfpa KiwfSk; fw;gpf;fg;gl;ld vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,e;jg; gpd;Gyj;jpy;> ,e;jpahtpd; MSduhd tpy;ypak; ngd;bq; 1833-k; Mz;L \,e;jpa kUj;Jtj;ij Muha;e;J mjid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd| FO xd;iw mikj;jhu;. 1834 mf;Nlhgu; 20 Mk; ehs;; ,f;FO jdJ mwpf;ifia mspj;jJ. cldbahf cs;ehl;L kUj; J tg; gs; s pia %btpl; L > Mq;fpy kUj;Jt Kiwia kl;Lk; fw;gpf;Fk; fy;Y}up njhlq;fNtz;Lk; vd;gJ mt;twpf;ifapd; rhuk;. NkYk; Mq;fpyk; kl;LNk ghlnkhopahf ,Uf; f Ntz; L k; vd;gijAk; mf;FO typAWj;jpaJ. ,jd; g b> ,e; j pahtpd; Kjy; KOikahd Mq;fpy kUj;Jtf;fy;Y}up Nkw;F

tq; f hsj; j py; mNj rk]; f pUjf; fy;Y}upapy njhlq;fg;gl;lJ. cs;ehl;L kUj;Jtg; gs;spapy; Nguhrpupauhfg; gzpGupe;j gz; b j kJ#jd; F g; j h vDk; Mjpff rhjpffhuiu Mq;fpNya muR ; ; rk];fpUjf; fy;Y}upapy; njhlq;fg; gl; l Gjpa Mq; f py kUj; J tf; fy;Y}upf;Fg; gzpkhw;wy; nra;jJ. Mq;fpNyau;fSld; ,e;jpa Mjpf;f rhjpapdu; ,ize;J> Mq;fpy kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}upia tsu;jnjLj;jdu;. ; ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtg; ngz; gl;ljhup fjk;gpdp fq;Fyp> ,tUk; Mjpf;f rhjpapdNu. ,tu; gl;lk; ngw;w Mz;L 1887. “M q ; f p y M kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}up khztpfSf;nfd jdptpLjp cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ,t;tpLjpapy; jq;fpg; gbj;jtu;fspy; kpfg; ngUk; ghd;ikapdu; Mq;fpNyh- ,e;jpa ,dj;jtu;> gpuhkzu;fs;> ghu;rpfs; Mtu; ”.(2) ,t;thW Vfhjpgj;jpaKk;> cs;@u; tu;f;f rhjp Mjpf;fKk; ,e; j pahtpy; Mq; f py kUj; J t

Kiwia tsu;jjd. ; Mq;fpy kUj;Jtk; vg;NghJNk ntWk; kUj;Jtky;y. mJ> Mjpf;f rf;jpfspd; MAjk;. njhlf; f j; j py; > fhydpak; gpwF Vfhjpgj; j pag; ngUKjyhspak>; ,d;W cyfkak; vd mjd; Kfq;fs; khwp tUfpd;wd.Fzk; xd;Wjhd;. jtpu> Mq;fpy kUj;Jtk; ,aw; i f mwptpay; f Sf; F g; Gwk; g hdJ; kdpj Neaj; j pw; F vjpuhdJ. ve;j NehiaAk; Fzg;gLj;Jk; Mw;wyw;wJ xUtpjj;jpy;> ve;j NehiaAk; jPuggJ ; ; mjd; Nehf;fNk my;y. (,f;fl;Liuj;njhlu; tpiutpy; E}yhf ntsp tuTs;sJ.Mifahy;> njhlu; KbfpwJ.) ,j; J ld; KbfpwJ. ) rhd;Wfs;: 1. Preventive and Social Medicine -K.Park - gf;fk; (5) (M/s. BANARSIDAS BHANOT Publishers-19th edition) 2. History of Medicine with special Reference to India-Professors H.Roy (www. Surgical- pathology.com/ ebook1.htm)

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fle; j 18.01.09 md; W jQ; i rapy; cyfj;jkpoh; Nguikg;Gld; ,ize;j ,e;jpa,yq; i f jkpo; r ; r q; f q; f spd; $l; l ikg; G njhlf;ftpoh khehL eilngw;wJ. fhiy Kjy; ,uT tiu eilngw;w KOehs; khehl;by; fye;jha;tuq;fk;> fUj;juq;fk;> tho;j;juq;fk; Mfpa epfo;Tfs; ,lk;ngw;wd. czh;r;rpf;ftpQh; fhrp Mde;jd; jiyikapy; eilngw;w fUj;juq;fpy; Kidth; ,uh. ,sq;Fkudhh;> Kidth; mUNfh.Nguh.g. fy;tpkzp> Kidth;. ng. ,uhkypq;fk;> nghwpahsh; ,uh. ghyfq; f hjud; MfpNahh; gy; N tW jiyg;Gfspy; fUj;Jiu toq;fpdh;. mjd;gpd; ghuhSkd;w Kd;dhs; cWg;gpdh; jpU.rp. rpq;fhutbNty; jiyikapy; eilngw;w tho;j;juq;fpy; Njhoh; fp. ntq;fl;uhkd;> rp. kNfe; j pud; > jpahF> ,yq; i f ehlhSkd; w cWg;gpdh; rpth[pypq;fk;> Kidth; k. eluhrd;> Fle;ij murd;> Myakzp> ma;adhGuk; rp. KUNfrd; MfpNahh; tho;j;Jiu toq;fpdh;. epiwthf k.jp.K.f. nghJr;nrayhsh; jpU.itNfh> jkpoh; Njrpa ,af;fj; jiyth; go.neLkhwd; MfpNahh; rpwg;Giuahw;wpdh;.

Gjpa Gps ja

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,lJrhhpfspd;

murpay; ,yf;F vJ?

ng.kzpaurd;
, e; j pa ,lJrhhpfSf; nfd; W jdpr; r pwg; g hd jj; J tk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ khh;frpak;. Mdhy; ; mth; f Sf; n fd; W jdpr; r pwg; g hd murpay; ,y;iy.
,e;jpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;l fhyj;jpNyNa ,e;jpaf; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpapd; epiy ,Jjhd;. md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiu> xd;wha; ,Ue;jNghJk; ,uz;lhf> %d;whfg; gphpe;Jtpl;l gpd;dUk;> ,f;fl;rpfSf;nfd;W Fwpg;gplj;jf;f nghUspay; Nfhhpf;iffs; cz;Nl jtpu> murpay; Nfhhpf; i ffs; jdpr;rpwg;ghf ,y;iy. murpay; ,yf;Fjhd; nghUspay; Nfhhpf; i ffisj; jPh;khdpf;fNtz;Lk;. nghUspay; Nfhhpf;iffs; murpay; ,yf;ifj; jPh;khdpf;ff; $lhJ. nghUspay; Nfhhpf;iffSf;fhfTk;> ciof;Fk; kf; f s; kP j hd xLf; F Kiwia vjph;j;Jk; Vuhskhf caph;j;jpahfk; nra;jit ,f;fl;rpfs;. rpiw> jbab> Jg;ghf;fpr; #L> J}f;FNkil vd ,th;fs; gl;l Jd;g Jauq;fSf;F epfuhf NtW ve; j ,af; f Kk; ,e;jpahtpy; <fk; nra;jjpy;iy. ,g;gbg;gl;l ,af;fq;fs; nrayypjhtpd; kw;Wk; fUzhepjpapd; jiyikapd; fPo; ehd;fhk; epiyf; $l;lhspfshfj; jho;e;jJ Vd;? ,J murpay; “Kd;tpidg; gad;”! tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;l fhyj; j py; fhq; f purpd; ,isa gq;fhspahfj; jd;id RUf; f pf; n fhz; L > fhe; j pf; F k; > NeUf;Fk; kjpAiu toq;fp> Nfhhpf;if vOg;gpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. tpLjiyf;Fg; gpd; mNj ghzp njhlh;ejJ. fhq;fpurpd; \\,lJrhhpj; ; jd;ikia|| tiuaWg;gjpy; fUj;J NtWghL Vw;gl;L 1964-,y; ,e;jpaf; fk; A +dp]; l ; fl; r p ,uz; l hfg; gpsTgl;lJ. fhq; f puR vjph; g ; G epiy nfhz; l khh; f ; r paf; fk; A +dp]; l ; fl;rpAk;> fhq;fpuR MjuT epiy nfhz;l ,e;jpaf; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; $l;lhfr; Nrh;e;J fhq; f puRld; $l; l zp fz; l d. Nrhdpah fhe;jpiag; gpujkuhf;f mUk; g hLgl; l d. mth; may; ,dj;jhh; vd;w jilia gh.r.f.> Nghl;lgpd;> kd;Nkhfidg; gpujkuhf;f ,lJrhhpfs; MjuT je; j dh; . mikr;ruitapy; Nruhky; ntspapy; ,Ue;Jnfhz;L Mjhpj;jdh;. mg;NghJ gh.r.f.tpd; tFg;Gthj mghaj;ij \\Kwpabf;f|| fhq;fpuir Mjhpg;gjhff; $wpdh;. ,g;NghJ fhq;fpurpd; mnkhpf;f ty;yurpa MjuitAk;> gh.r.f.tpd; tFg;Gthjj;ijAk; xNu Neuj;jpy; vjph;f;fpd;wd. ,jw;fhfj; jkpo;ehl;by; nrayypjhTld; $l;lzp Nrh;eJs;sd. c.gp.apy; khahtjpAld; ; $l;lzp Nru Mh;tg;gl;ld. khahtjp kWj;Jtpl;lhh;. fle;j #iy khjk; kd;Nkhfd; nfhzh;e;j ek;gpf;ifj; jPh;khdj;ij vjph;j;jNghJ> khahtjpiag; gpujkh; Ntl;ghsuhf Kd;nkhope;jdh; ,lJrhhpfs;. 2001 jkpof rl;lg;Nguitj; Njh;jypy; nrayypjhTld; ,lJrhhpf; fl;rpfs; $l;lzp Nrh;ejd. ciof;Fk; ; kf;fSf;F vjpuhf tuyhW fhzhj xLf;FKiwia Vtpdhh; nrayypjh. Nghf; F tuj; J j; njhopyhsh; f s; NghdR NfhhpaNghJ> fhty;Jiwia itj;J xLf;fpdhh;. njhopyhsh;fisr; rpiwapyilj;jhh;. ngUk; vz;zpf; ifapy;; Ntiy ePf;fk; nra;jhh;.

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muR Copah;fs;> Mrphpah; fs; jq; f s; Nfhhpf; i ffSf; f hf Ntiy epWj;jk; nra;jNghJ 1>71>000 Ngiu Ntiy eP f ; f k; nra; j hh; . rhiyg;gzpahsh;fs; gzp epue;juk; Nfhhp Ntiy epWj;jk; nra;jNghJ> midtiuAk; $z;NlhL Ntiy ePffk; nra;jhh;. ; jkpof muRg; gzpfspy; Gjpjhf Ntiyf;F Ms; Nrh;f;fj; jil Miz Nghl; l hh; . ,it nay;yhk;> ciof;Fk; th;f;fj;Jf; nfjpuhf nrayypjh ntbj; j mlf;FKiw ntb Fz;Lfspy; rpy. mthpd; ifA+l;L murpay;> jd;dyj;jpw;F mjpfhuj;ijj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jpaJ> ghh;g;gdpar;rhh;G Mizfs; Nghd;wtw;iw ,lJrhhpfs; fzf;fpy; nfhs;sh tpl; l hYk; ciof; F k; kf; f Sf; nfjpuhd mtuJ xLf; F Kiw iaahtJ ftdj; j py; nfhz; L > mtUld; $l; l zpiaj; jtph; j ; jpUf;fyhk;. nrayypjhTld; $l; l zp Nruhky; fUzhepjp $l;lzpapy; ,lJrhhpfs; njhlHe;jpUg;gp Ntz;Lk; vd;gjy;y ekJ fUj;J. jdpr;rpwg;ghd epiy vLj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ekJ fUj;J. gh.[.f.tpd; ,e; J j; J th tFg;Gthjj;ij vjph;ggjhff; $Wk; ; ,lJrhhpfs; m.,.m.jp.K.f.Tld; vt;thW $l;lzp Nruyhk;? m.,.m.jp.K.f. jiyik ,e;Jj;Jth tFg;Gthjj; jiyikjhNd! gr;irg; ghh;g;gd tFg;GthjpjhNd nrayypjh! ghgh; k#jp ,bf;fg;gl;lgpd; ele;j Njrpa xUikg;ghl;Lf; FOf; $l;lj;jpy;> ghgh; k#jp ,bg;ig Qhag;gLj;jpg;Ngrpdhh; mg;NghJ Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j nrayypjh. ghgh; k#jp ,bf;fg;gl;l ,lj;jpy; ,uhkh; Nfhapy; fl;lNtz;Lk; vd;W gh.r.f. NfhhpaJ. mNj ,lj;jpy; fl;l mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ vd;W vjph;g;Gf; fpsk;gpaJ.

mg;NghJ ,uhkh; Nfhapiy mNahj;jpapy; mNj ,lj;jpy; fl;lhky; ,j;jhypapyh fl;l KbAk; vd;W fhl;lkhff; Nfl;lhh; nrayypjh! ,uz;lhapuk; mg;ghtp ,];yhkpah;fs; gLnfhiy nra; a g; g Ltjw; F f; fhuzkhd F[uhj; Kjy;th; eNue;jpuNkhbjhd; gh.[.f.tpNyNa nrayypjhTf;F kpfTk; gpbj;j jiyth;. mg;gLnfhiyf;Fg; gpwF ele;j Njh;jypy; ntw;wp ngw;w Nkhbapd; Kb#l;L tpohtpy; rpwg;G tpUe; j pduhff; fye; J nfhz; l hh; . mz;ikapy; nrd;idte;j eNue;jpu Nkhbia tPl;Lf;F tutioj;J 64 tif gjhh; j ; j q; f Sld; tpUe; J itj;jhh;. ghh;g;gdpa topghl;L KiwNa rhpahdJ vd;W epiy ehl;Ltjw;fhfj; jkpoh;fs; jq;fs; Nfhapy;fspy; ML> Nfhop ntl;Ltijj; jil nra;J Mizapl; l hh; . ehlhSkd; w j; Njh;jypy; Njhw;wTld; mt;thiziaj; jpUk;gg;ngw;whh;. xhprhtpy; ,e;Jj;Jth td; K iwahsu; f shy; fpwpj; J tj; Njthyaq;fSk;> klq;fSk; jhf;fg;gl;ld. fpwpj;Jth;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldh;. fd;dp kfsph; ghypay; ty; Y wTf; F Ml; g Lj; j g; g l; l dh; . gy; y hapuf; fzf; f hd fpwpj; j th; f s; Gyk; ngah;eJ mfjp Kfhk;fspy; jq;fpdh;. ; ,e;j ml;^opaq;fis nrayypjh fz; b f; f tpy; i y. khwhf mq; F ghjpf;fg;gl;L Gyk;ngah;e;j fpwpj;jth;fSf;Fr; nra;j cjtpfisg; ghy; > fhRkP h py; ghjpf; f g; g l; l ghh; g ; g dg; gz; b l; L fSf; F Vd; ,e;jpa muR cjttpy;iy vd;W Nfl;lhh;. gh.[.f.tpd; mNj tFg;G thj tiuaWg;gpy; epd;W> \\,uhkh; ghyj;ij ,bj;J|| NrJf;fhy;tha;j; jpl;lj;ij epiwNtw;wf;$lhJ vd;W nrayypjh njhlh;eJ NghuhLfpwhh;. ;

jpiug;gl ebfh; v];.tp. Nrfh; m.,.m.jp.K.f.tpd; kapyhg; G +h; njhFjp rl;lg;Nguit cWg;gpduhf ,Uf;fpwhh;. mth;f;Ff; fl;rpf;Fs; VNjh rpf;fy;> nra;jpahsh;fs; mtiu \\m.,.m.jp.K.f.tpypUe; J eP q ; f s; eP f ; f g; g l; l hy; NtW fl; r pf; F g; NghtP h ; f sh|| vd; W Nfl; l hh; f s; . mjw;F mth;> fhQ;rpg; nghpath; nrhy;ypj;jhd; m.,.m.jp.K.f.tpy; Nrh;eNjd;. vd;id ePffpdhy;> mLj;J ; ; vd;d nra;tJ vd;W fhQ;rpf;Fr; nrd; W nghpathplk; mwpTiu Nfl;Ngd;|| vd;whh;. jkpo;ehl;by; cs;s Mh;.v];.v];. ghpthuq;fSk; mtw;wpd; Mjuthsh; f Sk; m.,.m.jp.K.f. itj;jhd; Mjhpf;fpd;wdh;. n[Nae;jpu ruRtjpia nrayypjh jisg;gLj;jp rpiwapyilj;jij> FUjp cwTfSf; F s; ele; j FLk; g r; rz;ilahfNt mth;fs; fUJfpwhh;fs;. jkpo;ehl;by; gh.[.f. tsu Kbahj epiyapy; m.,.m.jp.K.f.it tYg;gLj;jNtz;Lk; vd;Nw ,e; J j; J th ghpthuq; f s; cj; j p tFj;Js;sd. gh.r.f.tpd; tFg;Gthjj;ij tPojjg; ghriw mikg;gjhfg; giw ; ; rhw; w pf; n fhz; L > ,lJ rhhpfs; ghh;ggdpa nrayypjhTld; $l;lzp ; Nrh;tJ> ey;y ghk;ig mbf;f tphpad; ghk;igj; jbahfg; gad;gLj;JtJ Nghy;jhd;. ,Wjp murpay; ,yf; F vJTk; ,lJrhhpf; fl; r pfSf; F ,y;iy. mt;tg;NghJ vjph;tif murpay; ,yf;ifj; jPh;khdpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhh;fs;. Neh;tif murpay; ,yf;if ,th;fs; jPhkhdpg;gjpy;iy. ; mnkhpf;fhTld; mZ xg;ge;jk; Nghl;l fhq;fpuir tP o ; j ; J tJ my; y J tFg; G thj gh.r.f.it tP o ; j ; J tJ my; y J Nkw;gb ,ul;il mghaq;fis (Twin Dangers) vjph;g;gJ vd;W vjph;tif murpay; ,yf;Ffisj;jhd;

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Kjd;ikahfj; nfhs;fpwhh;fs;.

j P h ; k h d p j ; J f ; Mikiag; Gul;bg; Nghlhky; mjd; Xl;bd; Nky; mbg;gJ Nghd;wJ jhd;. ,lJrhhpfspd; Vfhjpgj; j pa vjph;g;G Nkk;Nghf;fhdJ. Vfhjpgj;jpak; Njrpa ,dq; f spd; jhafq; f isr; rpd;dhgpd;dg;gLj;jp> jdJ Ruz;lYf;Nfw;w eph;thf mikg;ghf ,e;jpaj; Jizf; fz;lj;ij xNu ehlhf;fpaJ. Vfhjpgj;jpak; cUthf;fpa ,e;jpa tbtj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;tJ Kjypy; rdehaf tpNuhjr; nray;. ,d;W> cyfkak; Njrq;fspd; vy;iyfis kWf;fpwJ. Njrpa ,dq;fspd; tpLjiyg;Nghiu ngUk;ghYk; vjph;ffpwJ. ; cyfkaj; i j vjph; g ; g th; f s; Njrpa ,dj;jd;Dhpikia Mjhpj;jhf Ntz;Lk;. Njrpa ,dq;fspd; jd;Dhpikia Mjhpf;fhj xUth; fk;A+dp];llhf ,Uf;f ; KbahJ vd;gJ kl;Lky;y. mth; rdehaf thjpahfTk; ,Uf; f KbahJ vd; w hh; nydpd;. [hh; kd;dd; cUthf;fpa Vfhjpgj;jpa tbtpyhd urpa ehl;il xU Njrkhf nydpd; Vw;ftpy;iy. [hhpd; urpahtpy; rpf; F z; L fple; j Njrpa ,dq;fspd; gphpe;J NghFk; chpikiag; Gul;rpf;F Kd;dNu nydpd; Mjhpj;jhh;. Gul;rpf;Fg;gpd;Dk; Mjhpj;jhh;. Gul;rpf;Fg; gpd; gpd;yhe;J gphpe;J Nghf tpUk;gpa NghJ mij mDkjpj;jhh;.

mnkhpf;fhTld; Md mZ xg;ge;jj;ij vjph;g;gJ> tFg;Gthjj;ij vjph;g;gJ Nghd; w it md; w hl murpay; rpf;fy;fshFk;. ,it mbg;gil murpay; ,yf;F Mfh. xd;iwf; ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;> mth;fSf;nfd;W jdpr;rpwg;ghdnrhe;jkhd-murpay; ,yf;F ,y;iyNa jtpu> mth;fs; murpay; ,yf;Nf ,y;yhjth;fs; ,y;iy. mtyk; vd;dntd;why;> mth;fs; ahiuj; jq;fs; th;ff vjphpfs; vd;W ; tiuaWj;Js;shh;fNsh> mth;fspd; murpay; ,yf;ifj;jhd; jq;fs; ,yf;fhf Vw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;shh;fs;. me; j murpay; ,yf; F ,e; j pa xUikg;ghL! fh~\;khr; rpf;fy;> tlfpof;F P ; ,e;jpa Njrpa ,dq;fspd; tpLjiyf; Nfhhpf;if> jkpo;j;Njrf; FbauRf; Nfhhpf; i f vd Njrpa ,dr; rpf;fy;fs; midj;jpYk; fhq;fpu];> gh.r.f. fl;rpfs; Nghd;Nw ,lJrhhpf;fl;rpfs; ,e;jpa Njrpa ntwpf; nfhs;ifiaf; filgpbf;fpd;wd. khh;frpa-nydpdpa ; mbg;gilapy; Njrpa ,dj; jd;Dhpikia Mjhpg;gjw;F khwhf ,f; f l; r pfs; mf; N fhl; g hl; i l vjph;ffpd;wd. ;

Jizf; f z; l j; i jr; Ruz; l Ntz;Lk;> Mjpf;fk; nra; a Ntz; L k; vd; g Jjhd; ,th;fspd; Nehf;fk;. nghJTilikg; Gul;rpahsh;fs; ,e;jpa MSk; th;ffj;jpd; ,e;j ; Nehf;fj;jpwF Neh; vjpuhd murpay; ; ,yf;iff; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. mjw;F khwhf> ,e;jpa MSk; th;f;fj;jpd;> ,e;jpaj; Jizf; fz;lg; Nguhiria ,lJrhhpf; fl;rpfSk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;ld. ,e;jpaj; Jizf;fz;lj;ij xU ehlhf;fpaJ Vfhjpgj;jpak;. mij xU Njrkhff; fw;gpj;jJ ,e;jpa Kjyhspak; kw;Wk; ghh;ggdpak;! ; Vfhjpgj; j pak; - ,e; j pa Kjyhspak;-,e;jpag; ghh;ggdpak;; Mfpa %d; w pd; fUj; j pay; tpyq;Ffshy; jq;fs; %isfisg; gpizj;Jf; nfhz;lth;fs; jhk; ,e;jpaf; fk;A+dp];l;Lf; fl;rpfspd; jiyth;fs;. ef; r y; g hup vOr; r pia nahl;b gpupe;J jdp mikg;G fz;ltHfs; $l midj;jpe;jpag; Gul;rpNa NgrpdH. gy jpahfq;fis mtHfs; nra;jpUe;jhYk; muRf; fl;likg;gpy; ghHg;gdHfSk;> ghHg;gdpaKk; MSk; rf;jpahf ,Ug;gijj; njspTgl mtHfSk; tiuaWj;Jf; $wtpy;iy. r%f ,aq; f paYf; F Kuzhd ,e;jpaj; Njrpaj;jpw;Fs; Klq;fpg; NghdjhYk;> ,tHfSs; Nghuhb NrhHTw; w gpuptdH NjHjy; re;jHg;gthjj;jpy; rupe;jdH. NtW rpyH Gul;rpNa tha;r; nrhy; tPuHfshf rPuope;jdH. ,d;Dk; Nghuhbf; nfhz; b Uf; f pw gpuptpdUk; ,e;jpaj; Njrpa khiaapypUe;J tplgl Kbahky; Njq; f pf; fplf;fpd;wdH.

Gul;rpf;Fg;gpd; ehl;bd; ngaNu khw; w g; g l; l J. Nrhtpaj; epfuikf; FbauRfspd; xd; w pak; vd; W ngah; #l;lg;gl;lJ. urpah vd;gJ 15 \\,e; j pa Njrpak; | | vd; w FbauRfspy; xd;whf Mf;fg;gl;lJ. fUj;jpaypd; mbj;jsk; ,e;J kjk; vdNt> Vfhjpgj;jpa muR> Njr jhd;. ,e;J kjj;jpd; rhuk; myFf;F Kuzhf tbtikj;j ehl;L ghh;g;gdpak; jhd;. vdNt tiuaWg;ig> nghJTilikg; tFg;Gthjj;jpd; Cw;Wf;fz;Nz Gul;rpahsh;fs; mg;gbNa Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhy;> ,e;jpa Njrpak; jhd;. ,e;J kj Vfhjpgj; j pa Nehf; f j; i j ,th; f Sk; mbg;gilapy;jhd;> gz;ghl;L ,e;jpa epiwNtw;Wtjhfj; jhd; nghUs;. Njrpak; NgRfpwJ gh.r.f. ,e; j pag; ngU Kjyhspfs; > ,e;J tFg;Gthjj;jpd; rhuk; ghh;ggdpa> ,e;jp Mjpf;f rf;jpfs; MfpNahh; ; ghh;g;gdpak;. Mdhy; ,lJrhhpfs; Vfhjpgj;jpak; cUthf;fpa ,e;jpa ehl;L jq;fs; fl;rpj;jpl;lj;jpy; tbtikg;ig mg;gbNa Vw;Wf;nfhz;ldh;. ghh;ggdpaj;jpd; ghj;jpuk; gw;wp vJTk; ; Vfhjpgj;jpaj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; ,e;jpa MSk; $wtpy;iy. ghh;g;gdpaj;ij th;ffj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; xd;whf ,Uf;fpwJ. ; milahsk; fhl; l hky; ,e; J Vfhjpgj;jpaj;Jld; ,isa gq;fhspfshff; tFg;Gthjj;ij vjph;g;gJ> $l; L r; Nrh; e ; J nfhz; L > ,e; j paj;

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,e;jpahit xUNjrk; vd;gJ ve;j r%f mwptpaYf;Fg; nghUe;Jk;? ,e;jpa murikg;Gr; rl;lk; $l ,e;jpahit xU Njrk; vd;W Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. ,e;jpahit muRfspd; xd;wpak; vd;Nw $WfpwJ. (India that is Bharat Shall be a Union of States) \\,e; j pad; | | vd; w Njrpa ,dk; ,Ug; g jhfTk; mr; r l; l k; Fwpg; g pltpy; i y. ,e; j pahtpd; Fbkfd; / Fbkfs; (Citizen of India) gw;wp kl;LNk NgRfpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;jpaf; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk;> khh;f;rp];l; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk; ,e;jpahit \\Njrk;|| vd;Nw Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. \\,e;jpad;|| vd;W xU Njrpa ,dk; ,Ug;gjhfNt Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. ,jw;Fg; ngah; khh;frpa-nydpak; my;y; Kjyhspa; ghh;ggdpak;! ; th;z-rhjpg; gpsT> itjpf kjj;jpd; mjhtJ ,e;J kjj;jpd; jdpj; j d; i k. th; z -rhjp r%fg; gphpTfs; cw;gj;jpAld; njhlh;Gilait. mjhtJ cw;gj;jp cwTld; njhlh;Gs;sit. th;ffj;ij ; cs; s lf; f khff; nfhz; l itNa th;zKk; rhjpAk;. ,tw;Ws; Kjw;ngUk; Mjpf;f th;zkhf mNj Ntis rhjpahf tpsq;FNthNu ghh; g ; g dh; f s; ! itjpf kjj; j pd; jj;Jtg; gphptpdUk; mth;fNs! ,t;thwhd khh;f;rpa nydpdpa topg;gl;l gFg;gha;it ,e; j paf; fk; A +dp]; l ; fl; r pAk; > khh; f ; r p]; l ; fk; A +dp]; l ; fl; r pAk; jq;fspd; mjpfhug; G+h;t tiuaWg;ghf Vw;f kWf;fpd;wd. ,g; g Fg; g ha; T mbg; g ilapy; mth;fs; jq;fs; fl;rpj; jpl;lq;fis cUthf; f tpy; i y. Kjyhspaghh;g;gdpa mwpthspfspd; rpe;jidiaj; jhz;b mf;fl;rpfspd; jpl; l q; f s; ve; j cz; i kiaAk; Ngrpltpy;iy. Njrk; gw;wpa tiuaWg;gpy; Vfhjpgj;jpa-,e;jpa MSk; th;f;fq;fspd; tbtikg;ig

mg; g bNa Vw; W f; n fhs; f pwhh; f s; . th; z -rhjp gw; w pa gFg; g ha; T mth;fs; fl;rpj; jpl;lj;jpy; ,y;iy. mtw;Ws; mlq;fpAs;s th;f;fj;jd;ikiaAk;> ghh;g;gdpa Nkyhjpf;fj;ijAk; Vw;f kWf;fpwhh;fs;. ,t;thwhf kf;fspd; gifth;fNshL cld;gl;Lf;nfhz;Nl Gul;rp gw;wpAk; Ngrpdhy;> fpspg;gps;is Ngrf; fw;Wf;nfhz;lJ Nghy; jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. xU epfo;T gw;wpg; Ghpe;J nfhs;s> tpisTfis (Results) kl;Lk; ghh;j;jhy; NghjhJ> mtw;wpw;fhd fhuzq;fisAk; (Causes) fz;lwpa Ntz; L k; vd; f pwJ khh; f ; r pak; . Mdhy; ,e; j pa ,lJrhhpfs; > fhuzq;fisf; fz;lwpa kWf;fpwhh;fs;. tpisTfNshL miu Fiwahfg; NghuhLfpwhh;fs;. Njrpa ,dr;rpf;fypy; tuyhw;wpd; tw;GWj;jYf;Fg; gzpe;J rpy cz;ikfis miu Fiwahf Vw;gitahfNt ,lJrhhpf; fl;rpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ghh;g;gdpak; Fwpj;J ,f;fl;rpfspd; mwpthsh;fs; rpyh; NgRfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; mjpfhug;G+h;t Mtzq; f spy; ghh; g ; g dpak; - xU gifj; jj;Jtkhff; fhl;lg;gltpy;iy. ,t;thwhd Kjyhspa ghh; g ; g dpag; ghh; i tjhd; <o tpLjiyg; Nghiu Vw; f tplhky; ,lJrhhpfisj; jLf;fpwJ. “xd;Wgl;l ,yq;iff;Fs; jPHT:” vd khHf;rp];l; fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpia Xj itj;jpUf;fpwJ. nghUspay; nfhs;ifapy; ,lJrhhpfSf;Fj; jdpj;j ghh;it ,Ue;jJ. mJTk; Nkw;F tq;fj;jpy; rpq; $ hpYk; > ee; j p fpuhkj; j pYk; KjyhspfSf;F Mjuthf ntbj;j khHf;rp];l; Ml;rpapd; Jg;ghf;fpf; Fz;Lfshy; cilj;J nehWf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. Nkw; F tq; f rdehaf thypgh; rq;fj;jpd; 15-tJ khepy khehl;by; Ngrpa gpkhd; Ngh];> thypgh; rq;f cWg;gpdh; vz;zpf;if
Gjpa Gps ja

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aplg;gl;Ls;sJ. |Gypfis 400 rJu fpNyhkP l ; l u; gug; G f; F s; Klf; f p tpl;Nlhk;. \gpughfud; kNyrpahTf;Fs; Eioe;Jtpl;lhu;| \,y; i y mtu; td; d pf; fhl;by; gJq;fpapUf;fpwhu; vd;git cs;spll vz;zw;w fdTg; gpjw;wy;fs; ; ekf;F \nra;jpfs;| vd;w ngaupy; te;Jnfhz;bUe;jd. ,e;jpa Fwpg;ghfj; jkpof Clfq;fs; ,t;tpj tje;jpfisg; gug; g p tUfpd; w d. ,t; t hwhd> cWjpg;gLj;jhj jfty;fis ntspapLtJ Clf mwj;jpw;Fk;> xOf;fj;jpw;Fk; vjpuhdJ. ,e;jparpq;fs $l;Lr;rjpia nray;gLj;Jk; gbepiyapy; Clfq;fspd; gq;fspg;G Fiwtpy;yhky; njhlu;fpwJ. ,e;jf; fl;Liu vOjg;gLk; Neuk; tiu (rdtup29> 2009> gpw;gfy; 3.00 kzp) fpilj;Js;s jfty;fspd; mbg;gilapy; jkpoPof; fsk; kw;Wk; kf;fs; epiy vd;d vd;gij vdJ GupjYf;Fg;gl;l mstpy; cq;fNshL gfpu;eJnfhs;s tpUk;GfpNwd;. ; Nghu; vDk; fiy rku;ffsq;fs; ntWk; Ms;> ;

MAj gyq;fSf;fpilapyhd Nkhjy; epfOk; ,lq; f s; m y; y . mit nfhiyf; fsq;fSk; my;y. mbg;gilapy; rku;ffsk; vd;gJ> ,U ; mzpfspd; je;jpu eltbf;iffspd; jpwid Nrhjpf;Fk; ,lk;. MAjKk; Ms;gyKk; Fiwthf ,Ue;jhYk; mwpTf;$u;ikAk; je;jpuj;jpwDk; epiwe;j jiyik vjpupfis ,Wjpapy; tPojJk;. ; ; Nghu; Gupjy; xU fiyapd; tbtkhfTk; epyTfpwJ. cyfpd; rku;f;fsj; je;jpuq;fspy; Kfhikahdjhff; fUjg;gLtJ gz;ila rPdhtpd; uhZtj; jiytu; rd;# ,aw;wpa Nghu;f;fiy (The Art of war) vDk; E}y;. ,e;E}ypd; rku;j;je;jpuq;fs; rpytw;iw> rkPgj;jpa jkpoPof; fs epiyfNshL nghUj;jpg; ghu;ffyhk;.me;E}ypypUe;J. ; “j p w i k r h y p f s ; v d ; g j tu; f s; xt; n thU fsj; j pYk; ntw; w p ngWgtu; f s; my; y u; . Nkhjhk NyNa vjpupfis epiyFiya itg;gtu;fs; ”. “n t y ; y g ; g l K b a h j n jpwikrhypfs; jk;ikj; jw;fhj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; cj;jpiaf; ifahSthu;fs;. gytPdkh

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dtu;fNsh type;J jhf;Fthu;fs;. jw;fhg;gpy; ty;ytu;fs; fpilg;gJ mupJ. jhf;Fk; jpwik nfhz; l tu; f Nsh tpz; Z f; F k; kz;Zf;Fk; vfpwpf; Fjpg;ghu;fs;. jw;fhg;Gg; Nghu; nra;gtu;fs;KO ntw; w p milthu; f s; ”. fle;j Xuhz;L fhykhfNt rpq;fs uhZtj;jpd; type;j jhf;Fjy;fisg; Gypfs; jw;fhg;Gr; rku; kl;LNk Gupe;J rkhspj;jdu;. %d;W ehl;fspy; fpspnehr;rpiag; gpbj;JtpLNthk; vd;W mwptpj;J> ngUk; gilj;jpuis mDg;gpitj;j rpq; f s muR> Xu; Mz; L fhyk; ,iltplhJ jhf;Fjy;fisj; njhLj;J te;jJ. ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; Gypfspd; jw;fhg;Gr; rkupy; rpq;fs uhZtj;jpdu; 7000 Ngu; nfhy; y g; g l; L s; s du; . 3000 Ngu; gLfhakile;jdu;. gy;yhapuk; Ngu; gilapypUe;J jg;gp Xbtpl;ldu;. ,Nj fhyj; j py; > Gypfs; Nkw;nfhz;l thd;topj; jhf;Fjy;fs; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ejit. nfhOk;G ; fl;Lehaf;f tpkhdg;gilj; jsk; kPJk;> mDuhjGuk; uhZt Kfhk; kPJk; Gypfspd;; thd;gil Fz;L kio nghope; j J. mDuhjGuk; jhf;Fjy;> Gypfspd; thd;top kw;Wk; jiutopg;gilfspd; xUq;fpize;j eltbf;ifahFk;. ,J cyfpd; ve;j tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fKk; fw;gid nra;Jk; ghu;j;jpl Kbahj eltbf;if. xUGwk;> vjpupg;gilapd; type;j jhf;Fjiy> jw;fhg;Gr; rkuhy; Kwpabj;J> vjpuzpf;Fj;; njhlu; Njhy;tpfisf;nfhLg;gJ> kWGwk;> thd; t op kw; W k; jiutopahf vjpupapd; tYthd epiyfisj; jhf;fp mopg;gJ vd;w mjp cau; je;jpuq;fis Nkw;fz;l nra;jpfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. ,t;tpU KiwfspYk; ftdpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba xd;W-,U KiwfspYk; rpq;fs uhZtj;jpw;Fj;jhd; Nrjk; mjpfk;. fpspnehr;rpapypUe;J Gypfs;

gpd; thq;fpaNghJ> uhZttpayh su;fis tpaf;fr; nra;j nra;jp %d;W yl;rk; nghJkf;fSk; Gypfs; gpd;Nd mzptFj;Jr; nrd;wJjhd;. fpspnehr;rp cs;spl;l ,lq;fisg; gpbj;J rpq;fs muRf;Ff;fpilj;j ntw;wp vd;W fUj ,ayhJ. ,jw;fhd fhuzq;fisf; fhz;Nghk;. 1. uhZtk; gpbj;j midj;Jg; gFjpfspypUe; J k; nghJkf; f s; GypfSld; ntspNawptpl;ldu;. - ,jd; topNa rpq; f s muRf; F k; cyf r%fj; J f; F k; mk;kf;fs; gpd;tUk; nra;jpia ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdu;.\jkpoPo kf;fspd; xNu ghJfhty; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fk;jhd;> rpq;fs murpd; fP o ; jkpoP o kf; f shy; thoNt KbahJ. murpay; uhZt je;jpuj;jhy; ,r;nra;jp rpq;fs muRf;Ff; fLk; gpd;dilit Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. Kjd; Kiwahf> n[u;kd; muR rpq;fs muir ntspg;gilahff; fz;bj;J. Nghu; epWj;jj;ij typAWj;jpAs;sJ. ,Nj n[u; k d; muR tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fj;ijj; jil nra;ag;gl;l mikg;Gfspd; gl;baypy; itj;Js;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. 2.Mspy; y h> Cu; f isg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L> uhZt Kfhk;fs; kl;LNk mikf;f KbAk;. epu;thfk; elj;j KbahJ. Gypfs; gpd;thq;fpa fpspnehr; r p cs; s pl; l midj; J Cu;fspYk; uhZtj;jpdu; kl;LNk epiwe; J s; s du; . ,tu; f Sf; F j; Njitahd czT> kUe; J g; nghUl;fis rpq;fsg; gFjpfsp ypUe;J kl;LNk nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;. ,J ,g;gFjpfspy; cs;s rpq;fsg; gilapdupd; kd cWjpiaAk; > cw; r hfj; i jAk; Fiyf; F k; #oyhFk; . Nga; efuq;fisf; fhty; fhg;gJ Nghd;w kdepiyia mtu;fSf;F ,e;epiy Vw;gLj;Jk;. NkYk; > ,tu; f Sf; f hd
Gjpa Gps ja

toq; F topfs; (Supply routes) Gypfshy; jhf;fg;gl;lhy;> czTf;Fk; topapd;wp thl NeupLk; mghak; ve;NeuKk; cz;L. jkpoPog; gug;gpd; fzprkhd gFjpfs; ,t; t hW Msw; w it fshfptpl; l gpwF> ,g; g Fjpfspy; muRj;jiyikapd; nray;ghL kpfTk; Fiwe; J > uhZtj; j iyikapd; nray;ghL kpFe;JtUk;. ,J> rpq;fs ,dj; J f; F k; > muRf; F Nk Mg; G itf;Fk; tpisthf mikAk;. mbf;fb Nghupy; <LgLk; ehLfspy;> muRj;jiyikia uhZtj; jiyik tpQ;RtJk; xU fl;lj;jpy; muirNa ftpo;jJ uhZt ; Ml;rp mikg;gJk; cyf tuyhw;wpy; gutpf; f plf; F k; Kd; rhd; W fs; . ghfp]; j hdpy; gu; N t]; Krug; uhZtj;jhy; Ml;;rpf;F te;jJ rkPg fhyr; rhd;W. rpq;fs murpYk; ,jw;fhd mwpFwpfs; njupaj; njhlq;fpAs;sd. gpd;tUk; gj;jpfs; tre;j uh[h iuahsu; vd; w rpq; f sf; fl; L iuahsu vOjpa tpupthd fl;LiuapypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;lit. \,yq;ifapy; fle;j rpy tUlq;fshfj; njhlu;e;J te;j murpay;> gj;jpupf;ifahsu;fs; kPjhd Ntl;ilf;Fk; jhf;FjYf;Fk; rpfuk; itj;jhw;Nghy mike;jpUf;fpwJ gpugy gj;jpupf;ifahsH tpf;fpukJq;fhtpd; gLnfhiy. ,tu; \rz;Nl yPlu;| vd;fpw gj;jpupf;ifapd; ; Mrpupau;. uh[gf;Nr muir tpku;rpj;jtu;fSs; Kf;fpakhdtu;. ... ,JNghd;w jhf;Fjy;fs;> nry;thf;F kpFe;j> NghUf;F vjpuhd gj; j pupf; i fahsu; f spd; gLnfhiy fSf;F vy;yhk; tyJrhup Njrpa thj ,af;fq;fs; $lj; njhlu;Gil aitfshf ,Uf;fyhk;. ,JNghd;w ,af;fq;fs; ,g;NghJ rpq;fs-Gj;j jPtputhjpfspilNa mjpfk; Njhd;wp tUfpd;wd. Mdhy;> fz;bg;ghf ,e;j ,af;fq;fSf;F uhZt> murpay; kw;Wk; epoYyfj; njhlu;Gk; MjuTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. mjpYk; Fwpg;ghfg; gy ntw;wpfs;

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milahsk; fhl; L fpwJ rdtup-09 ,jopy; “ngUneUg;gpw;F <ukpy;iy” MrpupaTiu jkpoHfs; kPJ mf;fiwapy;yhJ ele;J nfhs;Sk; kj;jpa muir Jzpe;J milahsk; fhl;LfpwJ. Mjpf;f Mf;fpukpg;G ahH nra;jhYk; <uhf;fpy; G~;~_f;F fpilj;j kupahij jhd; fpilf;Fk;. jkpo; ,jopaypy; Gjpa njhlf; f k; Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; 2009 rdtup ,jo; fz;Nld;. ,jopay; JiwapNyNa Gjpa fz;Nzhl;lj;jpd; njhlf;fkhf ,Ug;gJzHe;J kfpo; f pNwd; . ghuhl; L fs; ! Fwpg; g hf ,e; j pa ePjpj;Jiwapd; mk;gykhd Coy;fis gl;baypl;L ePjpgjpfis mkHj;jTk; ePf;fTk; Gjpa mikg;G Kiw Ntz;Lnkd;gij epiyepWj;Jk; fl;Liu jkpo; ,jopaypy; Gjpa njhlf;fk;. fl;Liuapd; MoKk; Jzpr;rYk; ghuhl;Lf;FupaJ. 10 Mz;LfSf;F Kd; ePjpgjp tP.,uhkrhkp Coy; Fw;wthsp vd FO mwpf;if mspj;Jk;> ghuhSkd;w tpthjk; ele;Jk; gadw;Wg; Nghd fijiaAk; Rl;bapUf;fyhk;. jkpopdg; giftHfshd tltuplkpUe;J kPz;nlo jkpof cupikfis kP ; l ; n lLf; f czHj; J k; Ngl; b ng.k.tpd; Ngl;b Clfg;ghHit %yk; typAWj;jgl;Ls;sJ kpfr;rpwg;G. cyfkakhf;fypd; tpisT %d;wiu yl;rk; ,isQHfis Ntiyaw;NwhH Mf;fpa nfhLikia epWtdq; f spd; ngaUld; Njjp thupahf gl;baypl;;lJk; kf;fSf;F Nghlg;gl;l khaj;jpiuia tpyf;Fk;. kdk; epiwe;j ghuhl;Lfs;! - jp.NrhkRe;juj; NjtH> jQ;rhT+H. ngupahupd; Gul; r p gl;bA+Hg;ghtyupd; khahtjpapd; kDthjk; xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;fhd fl;rpahf jd;idf; fhl;bf; nfhz;L ngupahH mk;Ngj;fh; glq;fis gad;gLj;Jk; khahtjp ghHg;gdpakakhdij vLj;Jf;fhl;LfpwJ. ghntspapy; ftpQH G+it rhujpapd; ‘mwk; nty;Yk;’ ftpijapy; “juprha; Njrk; khWtjw;Fs; jkpoH Njrk; GyuhNjh” vd; w Vf; f tupfs; jkpoHfspd; jhf milahskha; cs; s J. ftpgh]; f upd; ‘<Nuhl; L vOr; r p’ kP z ; L k; Njitg;gLfpw ngupahupd; Gul;rp. - vopy;> tLT+H. khahtjpapd; kha murpay; Mupa khiaahf ,Uf;FNkh vd; mr;rk; Vw;gLfpwJ. jkpo;j; Njrpak; kl;LNk jkpoHfspd; ghJfhg;G muzhf tpsq;f KbAk;. jkpo;j;Njrpaj;jpd; jpahfr;Rluha; Nfhit rpiwapy; xsptPrpa ng.k.Tf;F tho;j;JfSk; tzf;fq;fSk;. ftpQH G+it rhujp ‘mwk; nty;Yk’; ftpij apy; “murpay; ehlfk; ed;wha; elf;Fk; mOif ,d;Dk; XaiyNa” vd;W fz;zPNuhL vOjpa tupfs; jkpoupd; neQ;rj;jpy; nre;ePuha; ngUf;nfLj;J XLfpwJ. - ,dp;g;guR> kd;dhHFb. jkpopdk; nty; Y k; 2009 rdtup Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; ,jopy; ml;ilg; glj;jpy; ,dTzHtpd; mOj;jk; gPwpl;L vOk; Kfj;NjhL MrpupaH ng.k.> ,af;FeH rPkhd; MfpNahupd; glk; mike;jpUg;gJ rpwg;G. jkpoHfs; mepahakhff; nfhy;yg;gLk; nfhLikf;F vjpuhff; Fuy; nfhLj;jhy; mJ Njrpag; ghJfhg;G rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ifJ nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba Fw;wkh? vd;why; ,y;iy> vd;gij rhd; w hz; i k cilNahH ed; w hf mwptH. ,Ug;gpDk; t.c.rp.f;F gf;fj;jpy; ng.k.it itj;j ngUik ,tHfis jtpu NtW ahUf;F tUk;? jkpoHfs; Njitaw;w fhupaq;fSf;nfy;yhk; xd;W $b NghuhLfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; VNdh njupatpy;iy nkhopf;fhfTk; ,dj;Jf;fhfTk; Fuy; nfhLg;gij Mjupf;f MHtkpy;yhky; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,f;Fiw ePq;fpdhy; jhd; jkpopdk; nty;Yk;. - G+it rhujp> tLt+H. eP j pkd; w k; - epjpkd; w k; tltH ek; k tUk; ,y; i y. ey; y tUk; ,y;iy vd;gNj cz;ik. fhq;fpurhH Nfhapy; khLfs; Nghy nfhOj;J miyfpd;wdH vd;gJk; jkpopdj;ij fhl;bf; nfhLg;gNj mjw;F cjTfpwJ vd;gJk; cz;ik. jdf;F Ntz;batHf;F xU nghUs; jdf;F Ntz;lhjtHfSf;F xU nghUs; nfhs;tjpy; jpuhtplHfs; gr;Nrhe;jpfNs. <uhf;fpy;
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nrUg;G tPrg;gl;lij ghuhl;LNthk;. “jkpo; kf;fs; tho; Fbfshf kl;LNk elj;jg;gLfpwhHfNs jtpu Fbkf;fshf my;y” vd;w tpsf;fk; rupahdJ. ePjpgjpfs; epakdj;jpy; Gjpa mikg;G fl; l hak; Ntz; L k; . eP j p kd; w q; f s; epjp kd;wq;fshtij jLf;f Ntz;Lk;. - M.R.kzpad; > jpUj; J iwg; G +z; b. jkpoH tP u k; njd; j pirapy; rdtup 2009 ,jo; gbj;Njd;. GytH Kj;J vj;jpuhrd; mtHfsJ kiwe;J Nghd kUq; $ Hg; g l; b dk; fl; L iu ekJ gz; i lj; jkpofj;jpy; jkpoHfs; vt;thW fly; thzpgj;jpy; rpwe;J tpsq;fpdH vd;gij czHj;jpaJ. jkpod; jhk; cyfpw;F vy;yhk; toq;fpdhd;. tPuk;> nfhil> thzpgk; > ,yf; f pak; > ,yf; f zk; > ehfupfk; > fl;blf;fiy> NghH Kiw vd midj;jpYk; ntw;wpf; nfhb ehl;bdhd;. Mdhy; ,ilapNy te;j ,dg;giftH gpupj;jhSk; #o;rrpapid nra;J ; jkpoHfspilNa xw; W ikia rP H Fiyj; j dH. mjpNy mtHfs; gydile; j dH. jkpopdk; tPo;r;rpAw;wJ. midj;ijAk; milahsk; fhl;ba jkpod; xNunahU milahsj; i j kl; L Nk Rkf;fpwhd; mfjpaha;. GijAz;l efuj;ijAk; jkpoH ehfupfj;ijAk; mfo;T nra;J mwpe;J nfhz;L tUfpNwhk;. ey;yJ. Mdhy; jkpoH tPuj;ij ehk; ,g;NghJ njd; jpirapy; fhz;fpNwhk;. - fjpHkjp> jpUr;rp . jkpo; j ; Njrpak; nty; Y k; rdtup 2009 Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; ,jopy; ntspte;Js;s MrpupaTiuia jkpoHfs; midtUk; gbf;f Ntz;Lk;. NjhoHfs; ng.k.> rPkhd;> nfhsj;J}H kzp Mfpa %tiuAk; ifJ nra;J jkpo;j; Njrpa vOr;rpia Klf;fptplyhk; vd;W Mupak; gfy; fdTf; fhz;fpwJ. NjhoH fp.nt. mtHfspd; ,iwahz;ik> Fbkf;fs;> tho;Fbfs; vd;w fl;Liu ek;Kila Njrpa ,dk; kiwf;fg;gLtijAk; ,y;yhj ,e;jpa ,iwahz;ik Nghypahf nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L jkpopdj;ij xLf;FtijAk; njspthf gjpT nra;jpUf;fpd;whH.

ftpgh]; f H ftpij rpwg; G . ‘ngupahH kz; z py; fpopj; j jP f ; F r; r p’ jkpo; j ; Njrpak; fpilf;Fk; tiu mizahJ vd;gij Mupak; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. - k.nt. ma;adhH> nfhzkq;fyk;. nghUj; j khd ml; i l glk; rdtup ,jo; ngUneUg;Gf;F <ukpy;iy jiyaq; f k; mUik. G~; ~ _f; F nrUg; g b> ghjzpia Vyk; vLf;f Nghl;b vd;gjpypUe;J kf;fs; tpopg;GzHr;rp gspr;rpLfpwJ. Xghkhtpd; nrdl;lH gjtpia Vyk; tpl;l MSeH Jz;L nra; j pahdhYk; mnkupf; f htpd; Coy; k ak; cyfka Nehahf gw;wp glHfpwJ. fp.nt.apd; ,iwahz;ik gw;wpa fl;Liuapy;> ,d tsHr;rp Fwpj;J r%f mwptpay; ntspr;rj;jpy; Gjpa gupkhzj;ij tpsf;fpAs;shH. nrd;w khj nrauhkd; fl;LiuAld; NrHe;J gbf;f Ntz;ba xd;W. ePjpgjpfis mkHj;j – ePff Gjpa ; mikg;G Kiw Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw fp.nt. fl;Liu Ma;T nra;J mky; gLj;j Ntz;ba xd;W. Clfg; ghHitapy; jkpo; j ; Njrpak; cw; r hf %l; L fpwJ. gl; b A+h; g ; g htyupd; khahtjpapd; kDthjj; j py; ghHg; g dH jq; f spd; kf; f s; njhifia tpl gy klq; F caH fy; t p ,lq;fisAk;> Ntiy tha;g;GfisAk; Mf; f pukpj; J s; s mtHfSf; F ,lxJf; f P L toq;fpdhy; kw;wtHfSf;F cs;s tha;g;Gfs; gwpNghFk; vd;gJ rpe;jpf;f Ntz;ba xd;W. NkYk; ,l xJf; f P L vd; g J kf; f s; gpujpepjpj; J t cupikf;fhdNj. tWikiag; Nghf;f Vw;gLj;jg;gl;ljd;W. fUj;Jg;glk; (jl;b) mUik. nghUj;jkhd ml;ilg;glk;. - K.KUfNty;> rpjk;guk;.

jhkjk;
<oj;jkpoH njhlHghd Nghuhl;lq;fs;> ,af;fq;fs; fhuzkhf ,t;tpjo; jhkjkhf ntsptUfpwJ. thrfHfs; nghUj;jUs;f!
- MrpupaH FO

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- jkpo; j ; N jrpad;

jkpoh; ghJfhg;G ,af;fk;” vd;w Xh; mikg;G mz;ikapy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e; j paf; fk; A +dp]; l ; L f; fl; r p> kWkyh;rrp jp.K.f.> ghl;lhsp kf;fs; ; fl;rp> tpLjiyr; rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp> Iah go. neLkhwd; MfpNahh; ,f;$l;likg;ig epWtpAs;sdh;. ,e;j mikg;;gpd; $l;lk; 31.01.2009 md;W nrd;id gpl;b jpahfuhah; muq;fpy; ele;Js;sJ. mjpy; ,yq;ifapy; Nghh; epWj;jk; Nfhhp 04.02.2009 md;W jkpofk; jOtpa nghJ Ntiy epWj;jk; nra;tnjd;Wk;> 07.02.2009 md;W fUg;Gf;nfhb Ve;jp jkpofnkq;Fk; Nguzp elj;Jtnjd;Wk; jPhkhdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ; mf;$l;lj;jpy; Njhoh; ,uh. ey; y f; f z; Z > jh. ghz; b ad; (,.fk;.)> jpU. itNfh (k.jp.K.f.)> kUj;Jth; ,uhkjhR (gh.k.f.)> Njhoh; njhy; jpUkhtstd; ( tp.rp.f.)>

“, y q ; i f j ;

jpUehTf; f urh; (gh.r.f.)> jpU. goneLkhwd; (cyfj; jkpoh; Nguikg; G )> jpU. jpz; b tdk; ,uhk%h;j;jp (Njrpathj fhq;fpuR) cs;spl;Nlhh; fye;Jnfhz;Ls;sdh;. jpU. go. neLkhwd; mth;fs; ,e;j ,af;fj;jpd; xUq;fpizg;ghsh;. mf;$l;lj;jpy; \\,yq;ifj; jkpoh; ghJfhg; G || ,af; f j; j pd; newpKiwf; Nfhl;ghLfis kUj;Jth; ,uhkjhR Kd;nkhope;Js;shh;. ,J jkpNohirapy; (01.02.2009) \\ghJfhg;G ,af;fj;jpd; gj;J fl;lisfs;|| vd;w jiyg;gpy; ntspte;Js;sJ. Mdhy; kw;w VLfspy; gj;Jf; fl;lisfs; tutpy;iy. kl;Lkpd;wp> ,e;j gj;Jf; fl;lisfs; mf;$l;lj;jpy; xU kdjhf epiwNtw;wg;gl;ljhfTk; njupatpy;iy. me;j gj;Jf; fl;lisfs; RUf;fkhf: 1. ve;jf; fhuzj;ijf; nfhz;Lk; murpay; Nehf;fk; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. 2. jdpg; g l; l fl; r p my; y J jiytiu ,af;f eltbf;iffspy;
Gjpa Gps ja

Kd;dpiyg;gLj;jf;$lhJ. 3. ve;j xU Njrpaf; fl;rpiag; gw;wpNah my;yJ khepyf;fl;rpiag; gw;wpNah tpkh;rpf;ff; $lhJ. 4. ,yq; i fj; jkpoh; f isg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhd Nfhhpf;iffis ,e;jpa muRf;Fk;> khepy muRf;Fk; vLj;Jf;$wyhk;. mjpy; fz; l dq; f Nsh> tpkh; r dq; f Nsh $lhJ. 5. ,yq;if muRk; ,uhrgl;NrAk; elj;Jk; jkpo; ,dg;gLnfhiyia tpkh;rpf;fyhk;. 6. Nghh; epWj;jf; Nfhhpf;ifia kl;LNk ,e;jpa murplk; itf;fNtz;Lk;. 7. ,e;jf; Nfhhpf;iff;fhd tpsk;guq;fspy;> vtiuAk; tpkh;rpf;Fk; nrhw;fs; ,lk; ngwf;$lhJ. 8. cUt nghk;ik vhpg;G> rpiyfs; mtkjpg;G> nfhb vhpg;G> Ch;jpfSf;Fr; Nrjk; Nghd;wit $lhJ. 9. tpLjiyg; G ypfs; ,e; j pa

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muirAk;> ,e;jpaf; fl;rpfisAk; tpkh;rpg;gjpy;iy vd;gijf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. 10. jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; tpLjiyg;GypfSf;F MjuthfNth my;yJ vjph;g;ghfNth ve;j xU epiyghl;ilAk; ,af;fk; Nkw;nfhs;sf;$lhJ. ; Nkw;fz;l fl;lisfs; kd; N khfd; - nrayypjh-fUzhepjp tifawh tpjpj;Js;s fl;lisfs; Nghy; Njhd;Wk;. <oj; jkpoh;fSf;fhfj; jq;fs; topapy; Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; kUj;Jtu; mwptpj;Js;s fl;lisfs;jhk; ,it. <oj; jkpoh; f ; f hjuthfj; jkpoh; xw;Wik cUthfNtz;Lk; vd;w fUj;J gyUf;Fk; cz;L. ,e;j gj;Jf;fl;lis mbg;gilapy; me;j xw;Wik cUthfpwJ vd;why; mJ nrayypjh jiyikapNyh my;yJ <.tp.Nf.v];. ,sq;Nfhtd; jiyikapNyh cUthFk; xw;Wik Nghy;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. nrayypjhTk;> ,sq;NfhtDk; tpLjiyg;GypfSf;F kl;Lk; vjpuhdth;fs; my;yh;> xl;L nkhj;jj; jkpo; ,dj;jpw;Nf vjpuhdth;fs;. ,th;fisf; $l tpkh;rpf;ff; $lhJ vd; f pwJ gj; J f; f l; l is. filrpapy; jkpoh; xw;Wik vd;w ngahpy;> <o tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij Mjhpg;gth;fisAk;> Nrhdpah fhe;jp elj;Jk; <oj;jkpo; ,d mopg;Gg; Nghiu vjph;g;gth;fisAk; jPtputhjpfs; vd;W jdpikg;gLj;Jk; tpisitj;jhd; ,e;j gj;Jf;fl;lis cUthf;Fk;. ; ve;jf; fhuzj;ijf;nfhz;Lk; murpay; Nehf;fk; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ vd;fpwJ Kjy; fl;lis. jkpoPoj; Njrpa tpLjiy vd;gNj murpay; Nehf;fk;jhd;. me;j murpay; $l ,Uf;ff; $lhjh? ; ; ve;j midj;jpe;jpaf; fl; r piaAk; > khepyf; f l; r piaAk; <oj;jkpoh; rpf;fiy xl;b tpkh;rpf;ff;$lhJ vd;fpwJ %d;whtJ fl;lis. JNuhfpfisg; ghh;f;fhNj>

mth; f is vjph; j ; J g; NgrhNj> mth;fspd; JNuhfg; Ngr;irf; fhjpy; Nghl;Lf;nfhs;shNj vd;W $wp fhe; j pabfspd; %d; W Fuq; F g; nghk;ikfSf;Fg; Gjpa tpsf;fk; jUtJNghy; cs;sJ. nfhLk; g htp nfhSj; j f; $lhJ vd;fpwJ vl;lhtJ fl;lis. gifth;fs; kw;Wk; JNuhfj; jiyth;fspd; cUt nghk;ikfisf; nfhSj;jf;$lhJ> nfhbfis vhpf;ff; $lhJ vd; g J ,e; j pa MSk; th;f;fj;ijAk; tpQ;rpa rdehaf kWg;ghf cs;sJ. ,uhZt Ml;rpf;Fhpa Nfhl;ghLfs; ,it. tpLjiyg;Gypfis Mjupg; g ijAk; jilnra; f pwJ ,yq;ifj; jkpoh; ghJfhg;G ,af; f j; j pd; gj; j htJ fl; l is. tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,e;jpa muirAk; ,e; j paf; f l; r pfisAk; tpkh; r pg; gjpy;iy. mij ehKk; gpd;gw;wNtz;Lk; vd;fpwJ xd;gjhtJ fl;lis. tpLjiyg; Nghh; elj; J k; ,af; f k; filgpbf; F k; murpay; cj;jpfis ehk; mg;gbNa filgpbf; f KbahJ. $lhJ. mth;fSf;fhd murpay; cj;jpf;Fk; ekJ cj;jpfSf;Fk; NtWghL cz;L. ,yq;if epiyikfSf;F

Vw; g tpLjiyg; G ypfs; vLf; F k; murpay; epiyghLfis ehk; vLf;f KbAkh? tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,e;jpa muir tpkh;rpg;gjpy;iy> ,e;jpaf; fl;rpfis tpkh;rpg;gjpy;iy> me;j mZF Kiwia jkpofj;jpy; ehKk; filg; g pbf; f Ntz; L k; vd; g J nrhj;ij thjk;> rg;igf;fl;L! tpLjiyg;Gypfs; jq;fs; kPJ tpjpj;Js;s jilia ,e;jpa muR ePf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W NfhUfpwhh;fs;. Mdhy; gj;Jf;fl;lisapd; MwhtJ fl;lis> Nghh; epWj;jf; Nfhhpf;ifia kl;LNk ,e;jpa murplk; itf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W $wp fl;Lg;gLj;JfpwJ. gpw Nfhhpf;iffis itf;ff;$lhJ vd;fpwJ. ,J jd; Kuz;ghlhFk;. vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; nkyhf> Rg;gpukzparhkpiaj; njhiyNgrpapy; $g; g pl; L kUj; J tH ,uhkjhR mtiug; ghuhl;bajhf ,e;J Vl;by; ; ( 3.2.2009) nra; j p te; J s; s J. <oj;jkpoHfSf;F mjpfhug;gfpHT toq; f Ntz; L nkd; W R.rhkp $wpdhuhk; . mjw; f hf mtiug; ghuhl;bdhuhk; kUj;JtH. R.RhkpAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; tifapy; jhd; gj;Jf;fl;lisfs; jPllg;gl;Ls;sd! ;

jkpo;j; Njrpaj; jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk;
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

md; g hHe; j thrfHg; ngUkf; f Ns> ek; ,jOf;Fg; Gjpag; gjpT Nfhup> ,e;jpa nra;jpj;jhs; gjpthsUf;F(RNI) tpz;zg;gpj;jpUe;Njhk;. “jkpo;j; Njrpaj; jkpo; jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk;” vd;w ngaiu gjpthsH Vw;W xg;Gjy; kly; mDg;gpAs;shH.

nrd;id khefu Kjd;ikf; Fw;wtpay; eLtH Kd;dpiyapy; Kiwg;gb ,jo;g; gjpT ele;j gpd;> Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; ,jo; jkpo;j; Njrpaj; jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; vd;w ngaupy; tof;fk; Nghy; njhlHe;J tUk;. mJtiu Gjpa jkpoH fz;Nzhl;lk; vd;w ngaupNyNa tUk; vd;gijj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. - MrpupaH
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jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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fbjj;jpy; mtH njuptpj;jpUe;jhH. ,Ue; j NghJk; > ,k; N khrbia jdpg; g l; l xUtuhy; nra; j plNt KbahJ vd Nkhrbfspy; Cwpj;jpisj;j Kjyhspa nghUshjhu “epGzHfNs” mbj;Jf; $wpdH. ,e;epiyapy;> fle;j 6 khj fhyj;jpy; kl;Lk; rj;ak; epWtd jiyik mjpfhupfs; gyH tof;fj;jpw;F khwhf jq;fs; trkpUe;j rj;ak; epWtd gq;Ffis mjpfsT tpw;gid nra;jpUe;jJ mk;gykhdJ. mjhtJ fle;j MW khj fhyj;jpy; kl;Lk; RkhH 267>358 gq;Ffis tpw;W &.1.8 kpy;ypad; njhifia <l; b apUe; j J fz; l wpag; g l; l J. (fhz;f : gprpd]; Nl> rdtup 14). fhz; ,jd; gpd;dzpapy; nray;gl;l rj;ak; epWtd jiyik epjp mjpfhup thl; y hkzp rP d pth]; Me; j pu fhty;Jiwahy; 11-01-2009 md;W ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhH. mNjhL kl; L ky; y hky; > rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; fzf;Ffis jzpf;if nra;J tUk; “gpiu]; thl; l H mT]; $g; g H]; ” vd; w mnkupf; f gd; d hl; L jzpf; i f epWtdj;jpw;Fk; ,jpy; njhlHGs;sjhf re;Njfk; vOe;jJ. ,e;epWtdk; kw;Wk; ,jd; FOk epWtdq;fs;> ‘FNshgy; bu]; l ; ’ Nkhrb cs; s pl; l gy Nkhrbfspy; Vw; n fdNt re; j p rpupj;jitahFk;. ,e;epWtdj;jpd; kPJ re;Njfg; ghHit vOe;j epiyapy;> gy Kd;dzp jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fs; jq;fsJ epjp jzpf;if epWtdq;fSf;F ruhrupahff; nfhLf;Fk; njhifia tpl rj;ak; epWtdk; jdJ epjpj; jzpf;if epWtdkhd ,e;epWtdj;jpw;F gy klq;F njhif mjpfkhf toq;fpaJ mk;gykhdJ. ,jd; gpd;dzpapy;> gpiu]; thl; l H epWtdj; j pd; jzpf;ifahsHfs; ,UtH 24-1-2008 md;W Me;jpu fhty;Jiwapduhy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L rpiwapyilf;fg; gl;ldH. ifJ nra;ag;gl;l ,U jzpf;ifahsHfis gpd;dH me;epWtdk; NtiyapypUe;J ePf;Ftjhf mwptpj;Jtpl;L NkhrbapypUe;J jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;s

Kad;W tUfpwJ. fzf;fhsHfs; kw;Wk; ,af;FeH FO vd xU FOthf nray;gl;L Nkhrbfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; Nghypahd tsHr; r p gpk; g j; i j Clfq;fs; JizAld; gug;Giu nra; J ,j; j id Mz; L fshf me;epWtdj;ij “yhgfu” epWtdkhf elj;jp te;jpUf;fpd;wdH. re;ijg; nghUshjhuj;ij gpd;dzpahff; nfhz;L nray;gLk; murpd; ve;j mikg;Gk; me;epWtd Nkhrbia fz;Lgpbj;J ntspf;nfhzutpy;iy vd;gjpypUe;Nj re;ijg; nghUshjhuj;jpd; ,yl;rzj;ij mwpayhk;. ,J re;ijg; nghUshjhuj; j pd; mtyl; z k; kl;Lky;y mjd; ,yl;rpaKk; $l MFk;. njhlf;fj;jpy;> ,e;epWtdj; jpy; 53>000 gzpahsHfs; ,Ug;gjhf $wg;gl;L te;j epiyapy;> mt; n tz; z pf; i fapYk; Nkhrb nra;ag;gl;bUe;jJ mk;gykhdJ. RkhH 13>000 Ngiu Nghypahf gzpahsHfs; vd fzf;Ff; fhl;b mtHfsJ rk; g sj; njhifahf &.1200 tiu uhkypq;f uh[_ Fk;gyhy; nfhs;isabf;fg;gl;lJ fz;lwpag gl;lJ. mit kl;L ky;yhky;> Nghyp ; CopaHfspd; ngaupy; ‘gp.vg;’ (Provident Fund) cs; s pl; l itg; G epjpj; njhiffSk; nfhs; i sabf; f g; ; g l; ; L s; s d. ,jdhy; cz; i k epiyawpa CopaH vz;zpf;if Fwpj;j NrhjidAk; ele;J tUfpd; w J. rj; a k; epWtdk; kl;Lky;y> “gy yl;r Ntiytha;gG ; fis toq;FfpNwhk;” vd;W gPw;wpf; nfhs; S k; gy gd; d hl; L ngU Kjyhspa epWtdq;fspYk; ,J Fwpj;j Nrhjid elj;jp cz;ikfis fz;lwpa Ntz;Lk;. ,g;NgHgl;l Nkhrb epWtdj;jpw;Fj; jhd;> “rpwe;j epHthf tpUJ” cl; g l> 2001 Mz;bypUe;J ,Jtiu 40 tpUJfs; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; ,izajsk; ngUikAld; $wpf; nfhs;fpwJ. ,r;nray;> re;ijg; nghUshjhuk; Nkhrbfspy; ifj;Njh;ejtHfisNa ;

mq;ffupf;fpwJ vd;gij ekf;F czu P itf;fpwJ. Nkhrbfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;L Clfq;fshy; Cjpg; ngUf;fg;gl;l rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; Nghyp tsHr;rp Fwpj;j gug;Giufshy; gq; F r; r e; i j jufHfSk; eLj; j u tHf;fj;jpdUk;> “KjyPL” vd;w ngaupy; me;epWtdg; gq;Ffis thq;fpf; Ftpj; j pUe; j dH. gug; G iufis Kd;dpd;W elj;jpa Nkhrb ehafd; uhkypq; f uh[_ ,jid ed; w hf gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L jkJ FLk;gj;jpdH trkpUe;j gq;Ffis tpw;W Nfhb Nfhbahff; nfhs;isabj;jhH. fle;j 2001 Mk; Mz;L mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdH trkpUe;j 25% tpOf;fhL gq;Ffs; ngUksT Fiwe; J > jw; n ghOJ ntWk; 8.74% tpOf;fhLfshf cs;sJ. mjhtJ RkhH 17% tpOf; f hl; L gq;Ffis Nghyp tsHr;rpf; fhyj;jpy; tpw;W RkhH &.2>065 Nfhb &gha; tiu “yhgk;” rk;ghjpj;jhH uh[_. kpjkpQ;rpAs;s 8 % tpOf;fhl;L gq;FfisAk; $l mlkhdk; itj;J gy epWtdq;fspy; fld; ngw;wpUf;fpwhH ,e;j Vkhw;Wg; NgHtop. jhd; nra;Js;s Nkhrbahy; yhgkhf caHj; j pf; fhl; l g; g l; l j; njhif mjpfupj;Jf; nfhz;Nl te;Jk; $l mjid gw;wp rpwpJk; mr;rkpd;wp “jiyr;rpwe;j” njhopyjpgH vd;w ngaupy; mnkupf;f mjpguhf ,Ue;j gpy; fpspz;ld;> Me;jpu Kjy;tH re;jpughG ehAL> jw;Nghija Me;jpu Kjy;tH uh[Nrfu nul;b> jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhepjp vd gyUlDk; fhy;Nky; fhy; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L iff;FYf;fpdhH. ,g;gbg;gl;l Nkhrb ehafHfSld; iff; F Yf; F tNj “e h l ; b d ; tsHr;rp” vd;W Ml; r pahsHfSk; ntl; f kpd; w p giwrhw;WtJ ,d;Wk; njhlHe;J nfhz;LjhdpUf;fpwJ. fle;j 2007 #iy khjk;> Me;jpu khepy fk;kk; khtl;lj;jpy; epyk; Nfl;L Nguzp nrd;w kf;fs; kPJ Jg;ghf;fpr; #L elj;jp 8 Ngiuf; nfhd;wJ ,uh[Nrfu nul;b jiyikapyhd Me;jpu fhq;fpu]; muR. NkYk;> cOgtDf;F epyk;

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vd;W Nghuhb tUk; ef;ry;ghupfis Nghyp Nkhjy;fspy; njhlHe;J Rl;Lj; js;Sk; mNj fhq;fpu]; muR jhd;> tprhfg;gl;bdk; khtl;l Ml;rpaH vjpHg;igAk; kPwp rj;ak; epWtdj;jpw;F epyq;fs; toq;fpap Uf;fpwJ vd;gJk; mk;gykhfpap Uf;fpwJ. Me;jpu fhty;JiwapdH elj;jptUk; njhlf;f epiy tprhuizapd; NghJ Me;jpuhtpy; kl;Lk; RkhH 3400 Vf;fH epyj;ij itj;jpUg;gij uhkypq;f uh[_ xg;Gf; nfhz;lhH. mjd;gpd; ele;j gy tprhuizfSf;Fg; gpwF rj;ak; kl;Lky;yhky; mtuJ FLk;gj;jhH epWtdq;fshd ikjh]; epWtdq;fisAk; fzf;fpy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; RkhH 17>408.53 Vf;fH epyq; f is jd; d fj; N j nfhz; Ls;shH. RkhH 147 gpdhkp epWtdq;fspd; %yKk; 50f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l gpdhkp tq;fpf; fzf;Ffs; %yKk; may;ehLfSf;F RkhH 2800 Nfhb &gha;f;Fk; mjpfkhf gzk; flj;jpAs;shH. NkYk; 3>800 NfhbFwpj; J jfty; ,y; i y. (fhz; f : jl; ] ; j kpo; nra; j p fhz; ,izak;> 22-01-2009). uhkypq;f uh[_tpd; gpdhkp fzf;Ffs; Fwpj;J fle;j 2002 Mk; Mz;Nl Me;jpu muR tUtha; j ; Jiw rj; a k; epWtdj;jpy; Nrhjid elj;jpa gpd; vr;rupj;jpUe;jJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. mg;NghJ Me;jpu Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j re; j pughG ehALTk; ‘nrgp’Ak; ,jid fz;L nfhs;shky; tpl;lJ jw;nrayhd xd;wy;y. ,t;tsT Mz;Lfs;> gw;gy Nkhrbfis fdf;fr;rpjkhf nra; J te; j uhkypq; f uh[_ cz;ikfis xg;Gf; nfhz;L fbjk; vOj Ntz;ba msTf;F epHge;jj;ij cUthf;fpaJ> Kjyhspa nghUshjhu neUf;fb. jdJ kfd;fs; elj;jp tUk; tP l ; L kid tpw; g id kw; W k; fl;Lkhd ngU epWtdq;fshd “ikjh]; gpuhg; g HB]; kw; W k; ,d; g puh]; b uf; r H”(MAYTAS) epWt

dq;fs; nghUshjhu neUf;fbahy; jLkhwp epd;wd. rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; Nghyp yhgj; njhifiaf; nfhz;L jkJ kfd; f spd; epWtdj; i jf; ifafg; g Lj; j p tpl; L > ,y; y hj gzj; i jf; nfhz; L ikjh]; epWtdj; i j fhg; g hw; w ptplyhk; fzf;F NkhrbiaAk; rkd; nra;J nfhs;syhk; vd xNu fy;ypy; ,uz;L khq;fha; mbf;fj; jpl;lkpl;lhH uh[_. ,jid nray;gLj;j rj;ak; epWtdj;jpd; rhHghf 160 Nfhb lhyH epjp xJf; f P L nra; J mwptpg; G ntspapl;lhH. ,t;twptpg;ghy; rj;ak; gq; F fspd; tpiy ksksntd rupe;jJ. Vw;nfdNt rupe;J fplf;Fk; ikjh]; epWtdj;ij Vd; thq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W KjyPl;lhsHfs; njuptpj; j fLk; vjpHg; G fspd; fhuzkhf ,j;jpl;lk; mwptpf;fg;gl;l 12 kzp Neuj;jpNyNa jpUk;gg; ngwg;gl;lJ. ,e;epiyapy; cyf tq;fp> rj;ak; epWtdk; jfty; jpUl;by; <Lgl;ljhff; Fw;wk; rhl;b> cyf tq;fpg; gzpfspy; <Lgl me;epWtdj;jpw;F 8 Mz;Lfs; jil nra; J mwptpg; G ntspapl; l J. kWehs; mNj Nghd;W cyf tq;fpg; gzpahsHfis jdJ gf;fk; <Hf;Fk; tpjkhf Nkhrb nray;fspy; <Lgl;ljw;fhf tpg;Nuh> nkfh rhg;l; cs; s pl; l jfty; njhopy; e l; g epWtdq;fis fle;j 2007 [_d; khjj;jpypUe;J Vw;nfdNt ,J Nghy;; jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd vd;gjid mwptpj;J mk;gyg;gLj;jpaJ. me;j mwptpg;ig me;epWtdq;fs; kiwj;J tpl;L jhd; ,t;tsT Mz;Lfs; Nahf;fpathd;fshf tyk; te;J nfhz; b Ue; j d. ,t; t wptpg; g hy; Vw;nfdNt ,wq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j rj;ak; epWtd gq;Ffspd; tpiy tuyhW fhzhj tifapy; NkYk; ,wq;fpd. epiyik ifkPwp Ngha; jhd; mfg;gl;L tpLNthk; vd;w epiyapy; jhd; jdJ Fw;wq;fis ntspg;gilahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;L fbjk; vOjpdhH uhkypq;f uh[_. ikjh]; epWtdj; j pd; Mq; f py vOj;Jfshd MAYTAS –I jpUg;gpg;
Gjpa Gps ja

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epjp Nkhrbfs; jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fspy; VNjh rj;ak; epWtdk; kl;Lk; Nkhrbapy; <Lgl;L tpl;lij NghyTk; kw;w epWtdq;fs; vy;yhk; fiwgbahj epWtdq;fs; NghyTk; Clfq;fs; xU Njhw;wj;ij Vw; g Lj; j papUf; f pd; w d. Mdhy; cz;ik mJty;y. ,J Nghd;w Nkhrbfspy; <Lgl;l gy jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fspd; mjpfhupfs; mt;tg;NghJ mfg;gl;L jw;nghOJ rpiwapy; fk;gp vz;zpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. fle;j 2006 khHr; khjk; b.v];.f;A+. nkd;nghUs; epWtd jiyik mjpfhup &.486 Nfhb Nkhrb nra;J ifjhfp jw;nghOJ nfhy;fj;jh rpiwapy; cs; s hH. b.v]; . f; A +. nkd;nghUs; epWtdk; kl;Lky;yhky;> ngd;lrhg;l; nlf;dhy[p];> ngd;lkPbah fpuhg;gpf;];> v];.v];.I. nlf;dhy[p]; cs;spl;l gy jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fs; fle;j rpy tUlq; f Sf; F Kd; G Vw; n fdNt Nkhrbapy; <Lgl;L mk;gykhdit jhk;. ,NjhL kl;Lky;yhky; fle;j 2008 nrg;lk;gH khjk; ,e;jpa ghud;rpf; fd;ry;ld;rp epWtdk; (Indiaforensic Consultancy Services - ICS) njuptpj;jpUe;j Ma;twpf;ifapd; gb> gq;Fr;re;ijapy; gl; b ayplg; g l; L s; s RkhH 1>200 epWtdq;fs; fzf;F Nkhrbfspy; <Lgl;L tUtij mk;gyg;gLj;jpap Ue;jJ. (fhz;f : jp ilk;]; Mg; fhz; ,e;jpah> 23-9-08). muNrh> gq;Fr;re;ij fl;Lg;ghl;L mikg;Ngh mt;twpf;ifia ngupjhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;stpy;iy. murpd; myl;rpak; vd;W kl;Lk; mjid ghHf;fhky; cyfka #oypy; ,njy;yhk; elg;gJ jhNd vd;w murpd; ghHitAk; mjpy; cs;sij ehk; ftdpj;jhf Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; ,e;j Nkhrbf; Fk;gy;fSf;Fk; murpay; t hjpfSf; F k; ,Uf; F k; nfhLf;fy; - thq;fy; njhlHGk; ,jw;F Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;. tup Va;g;G Nkhrbfs; ,e;jpahtpy; nray;gl;L tUk; gy gd;dhl;L kw;Wk; ,e;jpa jfty;

njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fs; jkJ Vw; W kjp gy klq; F Mapuk; Nfhbfshf mjpfupj; J s; s J vd;gjid muNr mt;tg;NghJ njuptpj; J f; nfhz; b Uf; f pwJ. Mdhy;> ,e;epWtdq;fshy; muRf;F tUk; Neub tup tUkhdk; &. 10 Nfhbiaf; $l jhz;lhJ. (fhz;f : jp ,e;jpad; vf;];gpu];> fhz; 23-12-2008). ,e;epiyapy; ,e; e pWtdq; fSf; f hf muNr toq;Fk; epyk;> jilaw;w kpd;rhuk; cs; s pl; l gy rYiffSld; tupr;rYiffSk; thup toq;fg;gl;L te;j NghJk; me;epWtdq;fs; jkJ tup Va;gG eltbf;iffis epWj;jpf; ; nfhs;sNth Fiwj;Jf;nfhs;tNjh fpilahJ. ,jid mz;ikapy; GNd khefuhl;rp mk;gyg;gLj;jpaJ. ,e;jpahtpy; jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fs; mike; j pUf; F k; efuq; f spy; ngq;f@U> nrd;idf;F mLj;jjhf cs;s GNd efupy; RkhH 5.40 Nfhb &gha;f;F tup nrYj;jhj gy Kd;dzp jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fs; nray;gl;L tUtij GNd khefuhl;rp mk;gyg;gLj;jpaJ. GNd khefuhl;rpapd; tup t#ypf;Fk; jiyik mjpfhup tup fl;lhj ,e;epWtdq;fspd; nrhj;Jf;fis gwpKjy; nra;aTk; ehq;fs; jaq;f khl;Nlhk; vd me; e pWtdq; f is vr; r upj; j hH. mq; F s; s RkhH 350 jfty; njhopy; E l; g epWtdq; f spy; 150f;Fk; Nkw;gl;lit tup nrYj;jtpy;iy vd;W mtH NkYk; njuptpj;jpUe;jhH. (ghHf;f : jp epA+ ghHf; ,e;jpad; vf;];gpu];> 23-12-2008). GNd efuj;jpy; FbapUg; G fSf; f hd nrhj; J tupia tpl ,Uklq;Fj; njhif tzpf epWtdq;fSf;fhd nrhj;J tupahf t#ypf; f g; g Lfpd; w J. ,e;epiyapy;> jfty; njhopy;El;g epWtdq;fSf;F tzpf epWtdq;fSf;fhd nrhj;J tup t#ypf;fg;glhky; FbapUg;Gf;fhd nrhj;J tupf; fl;lzNk

t#ypf;fg;gLk; vd kfhuhl;bu muR rYif mwptpj;jJ. mr;rYif Kbe;J 6 khjq; f Sf; F Nky; MfpAk; me;epWtdq;fs; tup nrYj;jhky; tup Va;gG Nkhrb elj;jpajd; gpd;dzpapy; ; jhd; GNd khehfuhl;rp mk;Nkhrbia mk;gyg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. jw;nghOJ cyfka Kjyhspaj;jpw;F Vw;gl;Ls;s neUf;fbahy; cynfq;Fk; njhopyhsHfis gzpapUe;J Juj; J tJk; > ciog; G r; Ruz; l y; jPtpug;gLj;jg;gl;L tUtJk; ,ay;ghdjhf khwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpw epiyapy; jpahfq;fs; epiwe;j ngUk; Nghuhl;lq;fspd; tpisthf epiwNtw;wg;gl;l gy;NtW njhopyhsH eyr;;rl;lq;fs; Kjyhspfshy; eRf;fg;gl;L tUtJ njhlHfpd;wd. ,e; e piyapYk; $l Kjyhspfs; tpl; n lwpAk; vYk; G j; J z; L fshd gzj;ijAk; rYiffisAk; nfhz;L Njh;jy; nryT Nkw;nfhs;Sk; Xl;Lf; fl; r pfSk; Raey mjpfhupfSNk ,ae;jpuj;ij elj;Jfpd;wdH. kf;fspd; ey;tho;T jpl;lq;fis epiwNtw;w Njitg; g Lk; epjpf; f hf XH muR> KjyhspfsplkpUe;J “tup” vd;w naupy; jpul;Lk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l rpW njhifia mspg;gjw;Ff;$l kdkpy;yhjtHfshfj; ; jhd; Kjyhspfs; ,Uf;fpd;wdH. ,e;j tupfis Va;g;gjw;Fk; rl; l g; ghJfhg; G fis Vw; g Lj; j p KjyhspfSf;F cjtplNt Kjyhspa murpay; f l; r pfSk; mjpfhupfSk; Kidg; G ld; nray; g Lfpd; w dH. Vnddpy; ,t;tuR ve;jpuk; KjyhspfSf;fhdJ. Nkhrb kd;dHfis rpiwapyilg;gJk; mguhjk; tpjpg;gJk; kl;Lk; ,jw;fhd jPHtpy;iy vd;gjid njhlHe; J eilngWk; ,t; t if Nkhrbfs; nka;gpf;fpd;wd. cw;gj;jpia rhuhj re; i jg; nghUshjhuj; i j rpiwapyilg;gjd; %yNk ,jw;fhd jP H it vl; l KbAk; . Kjyhspa muNrhL Nkhjhky; mij epfo;j;j KbahJ.

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jQ;ir tpkhdg;gilj;jsj;ij ,Oj;J %L

Kw;Wifg; Nghuhl;lk;
gLnfhiy nra; A k; Nghiu elj;JfpwJ ,e;jpa muR. Fwpg;ghf Nrhdpah fhe;jpapd; jdpg;gl;l gif fhuzkhf ,e;j ,d mopg;Gg;Nghh; elf;fpwJ. <oj; jkpoh; rhTf;F kl;Lky;y> jkpof kPdth; gLnfhiyf;Fk; fhuzkhdth; Nrhdpahfhe;jpjhd;. ,e; j pa murpd; ,uhZtj; jsthlq; f s; jkpofj;jpd; topNa jhd; ,yq;iff;Fr; nry;fpd;wdh;. jQ;ir tpkhdj;jsk; kf;fs; gad;ghl;Lf;F vd njhlq;fg;gl;L> jw;rkak; uhZtj; jskhf khw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j tpkhdj;jsj;jpypUe;J ,yq;if gyhyp tpkhdj;jsj;jpw;F gilf;fUtpfs; nry;fpd;wd. jkpo; kz;zhd jQ;irapypUe;J <oj;jpy; jkpoh;fisf;nfhy;y gilf;fUtpfis mDg;Gk; jQ;ir tpkhdj; j sj; i j cldbahf %lNtz; L k; vd; w Nfhhpf;ifAld; ,e;j Kw;Wifg; Nghuhl;lk; ele;jJ. ghJfhf;fg;gl;l gFjpf;F jkpoh;fis tutioj;J Mapuf; f zf; f py; Fz; L Nghl; L nfhiy nra; j ,uhrgf;Nrapd; ,dntwpf; nfhLikf;F ghlk;Gfl;Lk; tifapYk;> Nrhdpahtpd; jkpoh; tpNuhj eltbf;iff;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itf;Fk; tifapYk; jQ;ir tpkhdg; gilj;jsj;ij ,Oj;J %l typAWj;jp Kw; W ifg; N ghuhl; l k; 31.01.09 md; W jQ; i rapy; vOr;rpAld; eilngw;wJ. jkpo;Njrg; nghJTilikf; fl;rp> nghpahh; jpuhtplh;fofk;> jkpo;j; Njrpa tpLjiy ,af;fk;> jkpoh; fofk;> Mjpj; jkpoh;g;Nguit> Fle;ij jkpo;f;fofk; Mfpa mikg;Gfs; ,g;Nghuhl;lj;jpy; fye;Jnfhz;ld. mikg; G fisr; rhh; e ; j th; f is kl; L kpd; w p ,d czh;thsh;fs; gyUk; gq;nfLj;jdh;.

<oj;jkpoiu

jQ;ir Nkyt];jhj;rhtb mUfpy; jkpofj;jpd; gy;NtW gFjpfspy; ,Ue;Jte;j Njhoh;fs; jj;jk; nfhbAld; mzp jpuz;ldh;. Njhoh; f s; ng. kzpaurd; (j.Nj.ngh.f)> nfhsj;J}h; kzp (ng.jp.f.)> rptfhspjhrd;(j.Nj.tp.,.) kzpfz;ld;(j.f.)> ,skjp (Mjpj; jkpoh; Nguit)> rh. Ngfd; (Fle;ij jkpo; fofk;) jiyikapy; “tPutzf;fk; tPutzf;fk; Kj;Jf;FkhUf;F tPutzf;fk;|> Kwpabg;Nghk; Kwpabg;Nghk; #dpaf;fhhp Nrhdpahtpd; #o;r;rpfis Kwpabg;Nghk;. jQ;irtpkhdg; gilj;jsj;ij ,Oj;J %L| Nghd;w Kof;fq;fs; mjpu Gwg;gl;ldh;. Nguzpapy; 600 Ngh; fye;Jnfhz;ldh;. fhty;Jiw kwpj;jJ. Njhoh;fs; rhiyapy; mkh;eJ Nghuhl;lk; elj;jpdh;. ; 30 ngz;fs; cl;gl 300-f;Fk; Nkw;gl;lth;fis fhty;Jiw ifJ nra;jJ. mth;fis ty;yk; jpUkz kz;lgj;jpy; itj;jdh;. mth;fs; kPJ gpizapy; tuKbahj gphptpid Nrh;jJ fhty;Jiw tof;Fg; gjpT ; nra; j J. ,uT 2.30 kzpf; F mth; f is jQ; i r ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F mioj;Jr;nrd;wJ. ePjpgjp 15 ehs; ePjpj;Jiw fhtypy; itf;f Mizapl;lhh;. mg;NghJ jQ;rht+h; tof;fwpQh; rq;fr; nrayhsh; jpU. ey;yJiu jiyikapy; fUzhepjp cs;spl;l 40 tof;fwpQh;fs; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; gpiz Nfhhp thjhbdh;. mth;fspd; thjq;fisf; Nfl;l ePjpgjp midtiuAk; nrhe; j g; g pizapy; tpLtpj; j hh; . gpiz Miz fpilf;Fk;NghJ tpbaw;fhiy 4.30 MdJ. ePjpkd;wj;jpy; k.jp.K.f. Njhoh; f s; ghhp> tpLjiyNte; j d; cs;spl;NlhUk;> kf,f. Njhoh;fs; fhspag;gd;> ,uhtzd; cs;spl;NlhUk; mt;tsT NeuKk; fhj;jpUe;J jisg;gl;l Njhoh;fSf;F MjuT ey;fpdh;.
Gjpa Gps ja jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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Gjpa jkpoh; fz; N zhl; l k; gpg; u thp 2009

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