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Mathematics IA Worked Examples CALCULUS: THE LOGARITHM AND EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS

Produced by the Maths Learning Service, CLPD, The University of Adelaide.

April 18, 2011

The questions on this page have worked solutions and links to videos on the following pages. Click on the link with each question to go straight to the relevant page.

Questions

  • 1. See Page 3 for worked solutions.

    • (a) Let a > 0. Find the derivative of the function ln(ax).

    • (b) Using the definition of the function ln x and the Fundamental Theo- rem of Calculus, show that ln a + ln b = ln(ab), for all a, b > 0.

  • 2. See Page 4 for worked solutions. Use the upper sum U 6 for 2.5

  • 1

    1

    t

    dt to show that e > 2.5.

    • 3. See Page 6 for worked solutions. Using the properties of ln x, show that (e a ) b = e ab .

    • 4. See Page 7 for worked solutions. Solve the following equations for x R:

      • (a) ln(x + 3) + ln(x 3) = 3

    (b)

    3e x = 2 + 5e x

    .

    • 5. See Page 9 for worked solutions. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

    ln(5x 4 )

    • (a) (b)

    x 2 e x

    • 6. See Page 10 for worked solutions. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

      • (a) (b)

    log 10 (x + 2)

    3 · 2 3x

    (c)

    x ln x

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    7.

    See Page 12 for worked solutions. Use the definitions of sinh x and cosh x to show that sinh 2 x = 1 2 cosh(2x) 1 .

    • 8. See Page 13 for worked solutions. Let arctanh x be the inverse function of tanh x. Write down the domain and range of arctanh x and find a formula for arctanh x.

    • 9. See Page 15 for worked solutions. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

    (a)

    sinh(x 2 )

    (b)

    tanh 3 (x)

    (c)

    cosh x cos x

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    1. Click here to go to question list.

    • (a) Let a > 0. Find the derivative of the function ln(ax).

    • (b) Using the definition of the function ln x and the Fundamental Theo- rem of Calculus, show that ln a + ln b = ln(ab), for all a, b > 0.

    1. Click here to go to question list. (a) Let a > 0. Find the derivativeLink to video on YouTube 3 " id="pdf-obj-2-28" src="pdf-obj-2-28.jpg">

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    2. Click here to go to question list. Use the upper sum U 6 for 2.5

    1

    1

    t

    dt to show that e > 2.5.

    2. Click here to go to question list. Use the upper sum U for 2 .Link to video on YouTube 4 " id="pdf-obj-3-30" src="pdf-obj-3-30.jpg">

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    3. Click here to go to question list. Using the properties of ln x, show that (e a ) b = e ab .

    3. Click here to go to question list. Using the properties of ln x , showLink to video on YouTube 6 " id="pdf-obj-5-18" src="pdf-obj-5-18.jpg">

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    4. Click here to go to question list. Solve the following equations for x R:

    • (a) ln(x + 3) + ln(x 3) = 3

    (b)

    3e x = 2 + 5e x

    .

    4. Click here to go to question list. Solve the following equations for x ∈ RLink to video on YouTube (b) 3 e = 2 + 5 e . 7 " id="pdf-obj-6-31" src="pdf-obj-6-31.jpg">

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    5. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

    (a)

    ln(5x 4 )

    (b)

    x 2 e x

    5. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions: (a)Link to video on YouTube 9 " id="pdf-obj-8-22" src="pdf-obj-8-22.jpg">

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    6. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

    • (a) log 10 (x + 2)

    (b)

    3 · 2 3x

    (c)

    x ln x

    6. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions: (a)Link to video on YouTube 10 " id="pdf-obj-9-28" src="pdf-obj-9-28.jpg">
    6. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions: (a)Link to video on YouTube 10 " id="pdf-obj-9-31" src="pdf-obj-9-31.jpg">

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    7. Click here to go to question list. Use the definitions of sinh x and cosh x to show that sinh 2 x = 1 2 cosh(2x) 1 .

    7. Click here to go to question list. Use the definitions of sinh x and coshLink to video on YouTube 12 " id="pdf-obj-11-26" src="pdf-obj-11-26.jpg">
    7. Click here to go to question list. Use the definitions of sinh x and coshLink to video on YouTube 12 " id="pdf-obj-11-29" src="pdf-obj-11-29.jpg">

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    8. Click here to go to question list. Let arctanh x be the inverse function of tanh x. Write down the domain and range of arctanh x and find a formula for arctanh x.

    8. Click here to go to question list. Let arctanh x be the inverse function ofLink to video on YouTube 13 " id="pdf-obj-12-16" src="pdf-obj-12-16.jpg">

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    9. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions:

    (a)

    sinh(x 2 )

    (b)

    tanh 3 (x)

    (c)

    cosh x cos x

    9. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions: (a)Link to video on YouTube (c) cosh x cos x 15 " id="pdf-obj-14-30" src="pdf-obj-14-30.jpg">
    9. Click here to go to question list. Find the derivatives of the following functions: (a)Link to video on YouTube (c) cosh x cos x 15 " id="pdf-obj-14-33" src="pdf-obj-14-33.jpg">

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