Date Adopted January 30, 2014

Chatham Township (1405)
Introduction
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:15. Chatham Township was incorporated in 1806; however, in 1897 Chatham Borough seceded from Chatham Township. Madison and Florham Park soon followed, leaving Chatham Township at its present geographic size, as of the year 1900. Chatham Township is located in the southern portion of Morris County and encompasses approximately 9.4 square miles. Approximately 35% of the Township consists of protected open space and recreations areas, including the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Loantaka County Park, and Passaic River Park. The remaining land within the Township consists mainly of residential uses with a small portion zoned for commercial use. The Township zoning designations are shown on Map 4M. The Census Bureau population count for Chatham Township was 10,452 in 2010. The Township has experienced a population growth of 3.6% since 2000. Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to wastewater management planning:   Chatham Township is considered a non-urban municipality. The municipality is not located within the Highlands Region.

Existing Infrastructure
The existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality consists of the following:  Collection System – Chatham Township is developed along the southern and eastern portions of the Township. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from these populated areas primarily to the Chatham Main WPCP. Pumping Stations – There are a total of three existing pumping stations in the Township. Two are located in the southwest portion of the Township along the Passaic River. The third pumping station is located in the eastern portion of the Township. A forth pumping station will be created when Chatham Glen (Chatham Township WPCP #2) gets converted to a pump station.

The existing major wastewater treatment facilities located within the municipality include:  Chatham Township WPCP #1 (Chatham Main) – this is the wastewater treatment facility serving a majority of the Township. The plants outfall is going to be

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relocated to a new location in the main stem of the Passaic River near the current Chatham Glen outfall. The proposed discharge point will be downstream from the location where the Black Brook enters the Passaic River.  Chatham Township WPCP #2 (Chatham Glen) - Chatham Township has indicated they plan to close this facility and convert it to a pumping station. Flow from this future pumping station will be directed to the Chatham Main facility. (see Significant Actions)

Tables 1a and 1b below include additional minor facilities in Chatham Township regulated through NJDEP that have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) discharge permits. Table 1a shows facilities indicated as discharge to groundwater (DGW) and Table 1b shows facilities indicated as discharge to surface water (DSW). The existing treatment facilities are illustrated on Map 2M.

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Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County Chatham Township

Table 1a: NJPDES (DGW) Minor Permit Facilities within Chatham Township that Discharge 2,000 gpd or more

NJPDES Permit Number

Facility Name

Permit Program Code

Receiving Stream or Aquifer

Classification

Permittee

Contact Organization Name

Block

Lot

Permitted Flow (gpd)

Existing Flow1 (gpd)

Future Flow1 (gpd)

Discharge Category

NJ0168114

GW Quaternary St Age Hubert's Alluvial Animal Deposits Welfare Center 1Flow indicated is daily maximum flow

II-A

Meg M. Struble

St. Huberts Animal Welfare Center

142

4

5,500

2,000

5,500

Sanitary

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Morris County Wastewater Management Plan Chatham Township

Table 1b: Additional NJPDES (DSW) Minor Permitted Facilities within Chatham Township

NJPDES Permit Number

Facility Name

Permit Program Code

Receiving Stream or Aquifer

Classification

Permittee

Contact Organization Name

Block

Lot

Permitted Flow (mgd)

Existing Flow1 (mgd)

Future Flow1 (mgd)

Discharge Category

NJ0020281

SW Passaic Chatham River Hill STP (Park Central TP) 1Flow indicated is monthly average flow

FW2-NT(C2)

Paul Donovan

Salem Management Co

63

21.01

0.015

0.015

0.015

Sanitary

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Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County Chatham Township

Environmental and Other Land Features
The countywide Environmental Features are shown on maps 5A & 5B. The Township is bounded on the south by the Passaic River. Throughout the central portion of the Township, a significant portion of the Township hosts the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and educational areas. The Great Swamp includes multiple wetlands, streams and waterbodies. The northern portion of the Township includes Loantaka County Park and Fairmont Country Club.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration
Sewer Service Areas
The following are the sewer service areas within Chatham Township. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M, respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated facilities table in Appendix C.   Chatham Township WPCP #1 (Chatham Main; NJPDES NJ0020290; DSW) – This SSA includes a large part of the southern and eastern sections of the Township. Chatham Township WPCP #2 (Chatham Glen; NJPDES NJ0052256; DSW) – This SSA includes a small area in the southeast section of the Township. Note: Chatham Township plans to fold this service area into the service area for the Chatham Main facility and convert it to a pump station. Molitor WPCF (Madison-Chatham Joint Meeting; NJPDES NJ0024937; DSW) – This SSA includes approximately 30 parcels along the north side of Shunpike Road, bordering the Borough of Madison.

The following represent smaller defined service areas within Chatham Township. These facilities have an associated facilities table in Appendix C.  Chatham Hill STP (Park Central TP; NJPDES NJ0020281; DSW) – The sanitary sewer service area includes a small area in the southeast portion of the Township just north of River Road. This service area serves a garden apartment complex. St. Huberts Animal Welfare Center (NJPDES NJ0168114; DGW) – The sanitary sewer service area includes the St. Huberts Animal Center located in the north portion of the Township on Woodland Road.

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Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County Chatham Township

General Service Area
General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are neither designated for sewer service nor as non-discharge areas. Non-discharge areas are areas where additional wastewater generation and/ or discharge are prohibited. In Chatham Township this is the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge area and parts of Loantaka Brook Reservation, a Morris County park.

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands Regional Master Plan
The Township of Chatham is not located within the New Jersey Highlands Region.

Significant Actions
The Township of Chatham wastewater treatment plant at Tanglewood Lane (Chatham Main Plant) currently discharges into an unnamed tributary to Black Brook, a tributary to the Passaic River, via outfall DSN 001A and is regulated under this permit. Since the permit renewal application was filed, the Township of Chatham (Chatham) has met with the Department on several occasions regarding its inability to comply with the Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) effluent limitations. An Administrative Consent Order (ACO) between the Department and the Township of Chatham dated June 26, 2003 was agreed upon to grant temporary relief and explore alternatives to achieve compliance with the TDS effluent limitation. The Chatham Glen treatment plant, which is regulated under discharge to surface water permit No. NJ0052256 and currently discharges into the main stem of the Passaic River, is in need of substantial maintenance. In order to address the non-compliance issues related to TDS and the maintenance issues related to the Chatham Glen treatment plant, the Township of Chatham has decided to route the untreated wastewater from the Chatham Glen STP to the Chatham Main Plant. The wastewater will be commingled and treated at the Chatham Main Plant and discharged, via outfall DSN 002A, to a new location in the main stem of the Passaic River near the current Chatham Glen outfall upon an adopted amendment to the Northeast New Jersey Water Quality Management Plan (this WMP). The proposed discharge point will be downstream from the location where Black Brook enters the Passaic River. This permit proposes two sets of effluent limitations. The first set contains limitations established for the current location of Chatham Main (DSN 001A). The second set contains effluent limitations established for the new direct discharge outfall to the main stem of the Passaic River (DSN 002A) located near the current Chatham Glen outfall.

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Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County Chatham Township

Upon relocation of the outfall pipe to discharge treated combined wastewater from these two facilities, the NJPDES permit for Chatham Glen NJPDES/DSW Permit No. NJ0052256 will no longer be required and will be terminated.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities
For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, full build-out of undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Township was evaluated based on the zoning and development potential of land parcels within Township. Build-out calculations were performed for major wastewater treatment facilities and were not required for the minor facilities listed in Table 1a and 1b above.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated above after the Chatham Glen facility is converted to a pumping station, with all flow conveyed to the Chatham Main facility.

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Table 2a: Chatham Township Build-out Table (SSAs) Total Flow Major Capacity Attributed to Residential Total Public Allocation/ TWAs Build-out Existing Wastewater Permitted Approved Flow Flow Treatment Capacity But (mgd) (mgd) Facility (mgd) Unconnected (mgd) Chatham Main (WPCP #1)1 Molitor WPCF
1 2

NonResidential Build-out Flow (mgd)

Existing Total Septic Projected BuildSystems out Flow Flow (mgd) (mgd) 0.028 0.99

Remaining Capacity (mgd)

1.155

0.8112

0.0777

0.034

0.039

0.17

N/A

0.007

0

0.0003

0.002

0.0003

0.0092

see facility table

All flows for Chatham Glen (WPCP #2) has been combined with Chatham Main (WPCP #1) in this table. This is the 12 month annual average for both Chatham Main (0.696 mgd) and Chatham Glen (0.115 mgd), period ending 4/30/2013.

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Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within Chatham Township consist of the following: Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals Facility TWA High Gate at Chatham Giralda Farms Pump Station Total None Total Molitor WPCF Chatham Main Chatham Main Unconnected Flow (mgd) 0.0027 0.0750 0.0777 0 0

A majority of Chatham Township is served by the Chatham Main Facility. The Chatham Main facility is being expanded to a capacity of 1.155 mgd, Table 2a shows Chatham Township has sufficient wastewater treatment capacity to match the expected build-out potential within the Township. The capacity of the Molitor WPCF (Madison Chatham Joint Meeting) is shown in the Facility Table located in the Appendices. The Molitor WPCF has sufficient capacity to treat the expected flows from Chatham Township. Flows for the additional minor facilities in this municipality are anticipated to remain the same through at least the term of this WMP.

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA. The GSA is shown on Map 3M. The breakdown by HUC11 subwatershed is shown below. Table 3 – Chatham Township Build-out by HUC11 (GSA) Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units) HUC111 02030103010
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Using Nitrate Dilution Model 152.77

Under Municipal Zoning 103

Surplus/ Deficit 49.77

The Build-out potential within this HUC 11 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It does not represent the entire HUC 11 boundary within Morris County and only represents the portion of the HUC11 within Chatham Township.

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow (gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500].

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Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County Chatham Township

The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for Chatham Township was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of nitrate in groundwater. The Morris County Park Commission (MCPC) has indicated the need to develop new facilities in the Passaic River County Park with the future flow anticipated to be 4,500 gpd. The flow for this proposed facility has been included in the buildout analysis and is accounted for in Table 3. The proposed SSA for this facility is shown on map 3M and a facility table is included in Appendix C. Following are the results of this analysis shown in table 3 for Chatham Township’s portion of the HUC11:  For HUC 02030103010 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required.

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 11 to determine if the entire HUC 11 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full zoning build-out.

Water Supply Demand
Table 4 – Chatham Township Water Supply Demand by PWSID & SSA PWSID Permitted Water Allocation (MGM) 370.4 Water Purveyor Name Wastewater Facility/Type Incremental Water Demand (gpd) 26,685 38,111 2,820

712001

New Jersey American Water (Short Hills)

GSA Chatham Main Molitor Water Pollution Control Facility

1424001

140.1

Southeast Morris GSA County MUA Chatham Main

640 93,750

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For Table 4 incremental water demand was calculated by adding [potential residential EDU’s * 320 (gpd)] + [potential non-residential square footage * 0.125 (gpd)].
“Pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:15-5.25(f), a water supply analysis is required to demonstrate that the water supply needs associated with existing and future development do not conflict with the current New Jersey State Water Supply Plan. The current New Jersey State Water Supply Plan was adopted in August 1996. Insufficient water supply information is available at this time to make any firm determinations on the sufficiency of water supply. This evaluation will be updated as individual municipal chapters are adopted. However, based on the information in Table 4 above, there is no information indicating that there is a shortage of water supply. Further, there are no significant water supply issues identified in the current State Water Supply Plan for the planning areas impacting Morris County.”1

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As indicated by the NJDEP. _________________________________________________________________________________________
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