.... ..

REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES ...
(
(
OJ WIN
APPROVED F02 Rf.III\S£ 19!4
CIA IUSTGIICAL R£w:w FROGtWA
... , • :- •• • • • : f • • ..... • • • • : • I • I
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Accord.inK to.ataternc:nts by a senior CIA o{(icer in 1967, made
to the Inspector Cr.nc:ral, lhe 1\4;ency instructed to develop a
capability to conduct assassinations. Termed a.o "executive actloa
cap<Lbility," such a project wu i..Utiated in 19l.l, apparently assumJnt
a.a existing cryptonym, ZR.RlFLE. At the request of the caae o!!lcer
(tho o!!icer providing this information in 1967), ... cldlldestine
asset in Europe, QJWIN, was to be used in the project. The
oUicer u.oderstood that QJWIN had been considered in 19£.0 !or use
in the assassination o{ Patrice Lurnumba, but t11at the proposed
opera.tion was nc\·er- c.1rdr :l bcc.,u s c the r!<:aiJn"l<:d CIA case
oUicer declined thr. a!lslcnmcnl.
The case o£Cicer in ch.1rge o C ZlUUFLE also w.lS involved in an
O?erat!on to a:u:lssinate Fidel Castro, running fr om early 19!1Z to
rn.id-1?63. Hcwever, QJWlN was not used in trus cHert, reliance
being placed instead on a Cub"a exile l eader. QJWlN was never
brie!ed on the Cas tro operation, according to t he officer handline
ZRRlFLE and the Castro operati o n.
Records do 5how that QJ\\'lN was di spatc hed to the Congo in
1960, beir.g th<!re in Nov<!mbo::r and Decembe r 1960, privr t o tht:
r. -'\ r• ""T • r
:!.   . .... )·
.
( NATIONAL ARCHIVES
dc::&th .lt h.lnds cFto;,sulc:sc.-.   there is no
demise. The o(flcc:r who the source o( the in! ... o{
the contempl.l:ed use of QJWIN in such acti-ity he
w>1s nc\·c:r used in this m>1nner. ThC' (ollowin& inform.ltion re,icwa
existing k.nowledse beyond that summariHd .lbove.
A 13 October 1960 dispatch fro
ransmits notea to
!rom ono of tho two o!ficers who subsequently met
QJ\VlN in Lu.'<embourg. The notes list the of P"lico o!fidah
&.nd criminAl clcmenta "'--ld allude to the pouibilities o( Cind.ina sue-
crackers and uocwnent - suppliera.
QJ\'tiN w.u met in on 19 and ZO October 1960 by
two Age nc)' oHio.:crs .llld WOlS}\skcd i ! he wen: !,! \:J\U<-r tak<! to
A!ricOl, preS\lmably Dakar. (The djspo\tch, d,\ted
. ·- -
2 November 1960, li s t" only s AI!•Jrcs .5ees.)
He w>1s not given the true objec tive o f his m.is sion of ita
extreme scnsiti,i ty >1nd pending a l:nal c!c c i sion to him. Instead,
bo w.u told that t.'le Soviets were op.:rating in Africa :\mons
group.,, S?ecific>llly was i\ skc:d to spot,
ass ess, ;\:"1..! r ecommend some dcpcnc!.,bl e , quick-wittcct persons for
our use. He to so on the trip. Cn 2 November QJ'.\"lN wa.s
met i n F r .:l.r.k!urt by 0\n A:;enc y oHi ccr-, and he 1\:\ of!<!r to
fr-"' .
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AT THE. NATIONAL ARCHIVES
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proceed to Leopo\•lvillc. (Ptc:sum3blr he Ide.\ Cor him
there orlgln.&t.:od "t hcadqu.1 rtcrs bc-.;.1use somco:le mu•t h.&\-e
con•ltlcrcd him quiliCled to h.1ndle .& oper.&tion The
procl•o mission w;u not co nveyed to OJWlN, and he wa1 only ln!o rmed
thal tl11:1 mluion might l.1rsc cle ment oC per sonal risk. We
do not know and at present .&re un.1blc to determine what the assi&nment
.
wa1. SubHquc:nt cable trAffic discusses arrangement• !or OJWIN lo ao
!lrat t o Leopoldvi lle then to Ouar.
On 8 December QJWIN wa• in Leopoldville where he cultivated
a clou personal relationship with a Yusoslav Air F o rce pilot. There
follow suggestion• in cable tralCic an what approach OJWlN 1hould u••
to recruit him. However, a spcci.:ll chnnnel FI/D cable of 14
rate11 this tar set as milq;inill cons ide red the o C
plilnll Cor QJ\\'1:--l and instruc ts him t o desist if il Cl ion has not alr e ady
bccn taken. T ho first par-agraph oC this cable states that we '\\·ould
like restric t Q.!Wl N to ac ti'l.;ty directly pertinent his mission
L copoltlvi ll c or fo rthcomin<; mission Dak;,.r and poBibly els.ewhere
(c. g. , Mil.1n) fo r Fl/0 purposes. H e our only asset of thi s trpe and
we wluh keep him clean o { any oper-:\tion;ll involvement o ther th;,.t
originally pl:l.J\.ned Co r him." This c:\blc would t end to rule out
hlVolvemenl in ass\\ssination plot. since it is hil;hly unlikely that
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&n lndividu.l1 picked for 1uch .a 1c:n:sltive and ;usl,nrnent
v.-ould be burdened with olhe r chore :I or • immec.liately
thereiller.
was stil.: OlUvo, albeit under arrest, as of the middle
o( Ja.m.iuy 1961, &nd it seem• clc:u that QJWIN hOld left t..be Congo
in December 1960. A 19 Decc.mber cable to Leopoldville •
to pay hlrn 1000 dollars !or December sa.hry, which i• the  
!or hla aervice.J on thia operation. Also, headquarter• wa•
working out the deta.ils of a Congo ualgnment. An 11 1961
headquarters wh.ich refers toT/A's dated 21 December
1960, s:.1!..:s that the rc!ercncc-<J amo11 nt:; sivcn to QJWIN by the
Chief of St.'\tion,I-This ausscsts lhat QJ\\1N was ln
or before 21 December. .
Subseq,ucnt1y, it appears that QJWlN ia Europe trying
to spot <l.lld assess individuals whom the could usr. in sale-
cracking operations, in line with one of the princip.1l missions ol
FI/D. A 2·\ May 1962
was
had been cancelled. deemed a good
choice, Also, a Z4 April 196·1 !rom which
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REPRODUCED AT THE. NATIONAL ARCHIVES
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,mcntionJI the! tcrm..lnation o( OJW1N
1
s cOntract, to the (.H:t
thAt hia only Alelgnrraent since 1?6Z h3s been to
cover.
Agency o!Ciccra who were h.l.ndling QJWIN In F:urope wco:-e Almo!lt
certainly unaware o! the Ca.ct th.J.t he wcu being con5idercd a1 .l.n •
by the l'enior Aaency oUici.U who had begun to become active Ln
Febru.lry 1962 in the   plot a.gain5t Ca•tro. An undated
(EYES ONLY) memorandum from the Deputy Director (Pia.na) re!era
to a 19 February 196Z memora.ndwn and authorizes the retention of
tho aervices of QJWlN in activitiea which we have identified &I
colncidcotial with the asoassin3tion plot against Ca:Jtro. The date ol
the rcCcrcncc mcmorandwn coincides with t11c time that the senior
Agency official became actlvcly involved in thie; entcrpri!le, A
mcmorandunl of 27 June 1963 dealing with the further h<J.ndling of
QJWIN mehtion9 that this enterprise has been terminated, except
lor one precautionary "life line."
In summary, it is almost certain that QJWIN had nothing at all
to do with the assae;sination of Lumumba, even thou[;h the contents and
of available files arc oft..::n cryptic .J.nd impreci!Je. IC he had
been, it is highly unlii:.cly th:1t the number o! A,:::cncy oHicers
and contemplating assignments Cor him would have been so large. Tho
{ - REPRODUCED (_
.. .,.l
.
.
division Cor whom he wor ... c.;! "Q.·.as concerned, Inter
alla, obt.1ining forelga cipher .t..nd coec book•, and It Ia reasonable
to conclude th.1t QJWlN's primary and responsibility wae to
find indivhlu.1h who could do thh kind o! j.:lb. One ol the o!liceu who
fir.et mel QJWtN in Luxembourg was on a trip •.o {Llld ea.Je-
crackers .\.nd documeot-suppllere. The 1-1 1?60 cable
mentions keeping him a.nd using hirn in Dakar and pouibly Mila.n,
which ..,as   mentioned in the 13 October dispatch .u ollerlnJ
good possibilities for finding safecrackers .l...'\d docurnent-auppllere.
Further, &ood r.ut practices would dict<ltu t.llat the last thlng
that would keep an lnJividual clean would b.c bvolvement in an
asu.ssination plot. Although the Chief o( Fl.'D coincidentally waa
later al>sisncd responsibility Cor the C.:1stro there ia
no cvi.den.:e to sugcest that he was pdvy t o assassination plots prior
to his brio:Gng in l.1te 1961.
While QJWIN w.:1s consiJe red (or use ill the "executive action
capability'', there is no information availahl c t o that he had
ever been a?;>roachcd in this regard, much lc.is used in any o( tllo
planning.
6
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REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
on ,1\,".l\ldOle f'\o,\!('ncr l'C -,ct:-'ms cl('.:lf Hut the
w.:u in no w:1y involved in the   of However.
ln the course o[ our rc.5cArch. two Olspccts o! the L\UllumbA story
•urf•ccd th.tt ind.ic.:1te inV\llvcmrnt in .a plot. In the 0:1e.
our 1967 source mentioned the n.lmc of an A&cncy o(Cicer
who was designated as lh4t c,ase officer for .a.n plot
against but that he lu.d declined the assignment.
That officer w.ts the originator of a. 19 J:X.ccn&ber 1960 c.J.ble to
Leopold ville in which he authorized the return of QJWIN to
-n Zl to await furtller instructions a.J).d the
payment of 1000 dollars to h.im for his December sa.h.ry by the
The last paragraph of the cable ad,ises
Lcopoldville th::Lt headquarters is working out details o! .1. Congo
assignment lor QJ\\'JN. The same was the orisinator o( &
31 J<1nuary 1961 memorandum dealing with p:1ymcnts to QJ\YIN.
In the second inst.l.nce. a 17 1960 cable from
Leopoldv:llc deals with the activities o( a newly recruited agent,
'VIROGU£, whose m ..bsion was to try to sp0t j)Crsons for a·
surveillance team, intclti;,;cnce assets {witll o::tnph.:tsis on Orientale
Province), and p.aratnilitary assets. The sc.:ond pd.ragraph of the
cable rncntio:ls that he resided in the same hotel as QJWlN (although
neither knew of the others CIA connection) .l.nd that he aptJro:\ched
 
7

'-'- : .. _i
the 1.\tter on
( ...._ REPRooXEO AT nie NATIONAL ARCHIVES
-- .
r. c ... ._• ., ,
14 ncccml.H•r with ,,n o.rc·r·oc )00 dou).rS per month to
I
pa.rticip;a.tc in an intell igence net and to be a member oC An "executloa
  When QJWIN .u..id that he wu not interested, WlROGUE
adJed th;a.t there would be bonuses lor speci.ll jobs. The cAble
mentioned in pa.ragr;,ph 6 that the Stati.on was concerned with the Cree
wheeling of WlROGUE, his lack oC 6ecurity, his inability to
and his unwillingness to Collow Instructions. The Station
Wi\S willing to keep h.im on probation, but believed his recall would
be the best solution. A .suggested altern;a.tive was to put him in
Stanleyville to try to obtain immediate intelligence on that area.
atternpt to reconstruct events, Africa Division was apprised
o( the above and was asked to .search its records in an attempt to
clarity what WlROGUE was up to in the Congo and rc!crcnce
''execution squad." The research cUd not clarify the· matter to any
great extent, althougl-t some assumptions can be anade on the basis o(
circumstantial evidence. On 19 1960, two meml.Jers ol
Africa Divi sion met with WIROGUE to discuss an operational assign-
ment in that division. In connection with the a ss ignment, h.: was to
be trained in demolitions, small arms, :tnd me d k al inunWlization.
In Octobc:r 1960, a cable to stated that he was being
prepared (or a deep cove r assisnmcnt to arrive Lcopoldville late
8
. P. r- r

0 .._ • 0 ·.' -----........
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REPROOUCED AT THE N,A.TIONAL ARCHIVES
I
:t <>t.:d t.".c to him .u utility
• • In   oq;Anirc: c0nduct •   (b)
intercept (c) blow up bridges; (d) &sslan-
ments requiring positiV'C action. lUs is not t.:> be restricted
to Leopoldvillc:. Indeed, he be subjec t t o c.l\1 by Airlca..n
atations it is e..,,cctc:d !or rum to be re.sident in LeopoldvUlo. II
WlROGUE urived in Leopoldvillt: on Z December 1960. Hie case
oUicer gave: hlzn the following instructions: (.1) to build co,·er possihly
(b) to try to apot peucuu Cor &
surveillance teaJn, intelligence ;u.sct.s and
Shortly alter arrival, WIROGUE r;m into OJWIN, who later told tho
I
elati on that WIROGUE l ooked like an inte ll igence asent. ln
to OJWIN Cor his "e:oc_ecution squ:1d", WlROGUE e:oc-cccded his
instructions to avoid making without chcck.ing \l.ilh
Leopoldville Stathn.
In January 1961, at the rcque sl o( the LC<' j>oldvillc St.1tion,
WlR()(:VE w.u give n permjssion to t.1kc !lying lessons. Br March,
be b.1d o'tit.1ined the position
in that ca;> \city he was usctl by CIA ior the
-. . - . ·--
, ..
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'
-
cl ,· p.lrtccl Lcopoldvi llo In Ju ly becauao
he run Into diCCiculty obl.:.lrling Ol residence pe rmH, o&nd hh CIA
In Se ptember 1961.
Africa Diviaion believes th.1t WIROGU£ w;u rcct·\Jitcd fo r hl1
Congo assignment beca'u•e of his third country natlon;a.l b.lckground
in order to eat;a.bllah ;a. a\Jpport mechanism in Leopoldville. At the
time the Congo was in chaoa, we few asseh there, and th.•
lii<elihood existed th;a.t tho political situation would dcgeneute
quic kly. The St.atlon poasibly nlso wanted to have a latent paramilitary
capability. An October 1964 asu-asment o! WlROGt;E indicatea little
Oap potential with him since he knew little auo\Jt the Agency. He apent
most o( his time t ryi ng to develop co11t.1cts and was not clircctly Involved
in p.uticular operation.
----- .. ·- - .,
 
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APPROVm FOR R£LFJS£ 1993
. CIA R£Vf£W PROGRAM
110 INDCliiiCI llQUIR(D
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PAGE 2 ot
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CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM
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.. ... !iff.'$ ... CQNTRAcr,. wH'icH RAN. QUT oN. 29. FEsRuARv,
,.::· fiE Hi .. .. ,:.l)'iAT' .Htl s Apt IQN:. D! Q r ' f Ru.i"
:· .. T or:·· WAS 1' .6. T f. r., ·
I THAT   € !·41GHT
· · . : .. 1 HAD·:.BEEN ABLE T9 ... .. ! AB.L ISH H 1 .. L T .
y(AA t N. ACCE PTtD T H C fOR. · ·1 ( Rf,f INA T I ON ANQ SA 1 C rl£ Wv'.l LD
.. Jf .: HE·· ·coULO BE Of . ANY ASSISTAI'-4CE, lr.: :JISCUSS'ING
HI;-S· NOW THAT HE HAS. RECE)VC:D ALL. THC: ...
NEC't5S:A'Av -AUTHORIZATIONS fOR DOING BUSINESS IN GEKMANY
1
11 C: Sf. kiC.:USLY
• ' ot>ING . ).HEAD WITH THE .(;JWit(: SA I (l HE
·'lowout'f>· ·"biSClJSS THtS. WlTH HIS WifE, HIS O.NLY IS IN CCt.1 :.i iT-
;.'. 't I'NO·' ·fi'LMS'E:Lf 'r'o 'A. L'-oNO LE·ASE ON A SHOP,
• & • • • • • • • ;, •• • • • • ·.: • '. . •
: .r: '.· :Q) S I NC'E ··J)\'NUARY '1·9t)2 . . (SEE PARAGRAPH,. 6, --j 426 f I_: DE- .
9JW.IN's 0NLY ASSIGNMENT HAS BE·EN rc ESTABLISH c.:.•I[R,
. wAs coNr 1 RMED ev 0 I R-12;541 or 2:3 MAv 1962 AND
. . .. Oi5CUS510N.S ·IN HEADQUARTERS IN JIJLY 27
.. ... ;AI.JO '•SOME·.-,;$'1.8,000 ' LAT.£R
1
HE .IS . STILL M . .'· T IN PLACE, t. L THCUGH
MADE -AN •I ' SSUE Of TH' IS WI .TH HltJ IN AUGUST 1963. .. hE
:EVE ALLY INTE·NO'e:O TO COMMIT HIMSEL.f' .1'0 THIS ASSIGI·niCIIIT iH. MAINS
. A QUE'STION,   .STRONG DOUBTS, . QJWIN
1
.S Pt:HSC.t·: ,.\L H1STOHY
."Rt'r ·u::cr·s MA.JOR 'IN:SlABIL•ITV : AND ;THE HABI·T ,Of HEDGING HIS Ot.:lS IS
UNDOUBTEDLY .P:iR' T OF HIS CHARACTER; TH.IS DOES N0T niPLY ,,
.. -' BR6'ACH•. : .,T,P . lNP. I ,CA,T,E   D.l
} KIJSARK .(RE L;A·T J -9N.9H I; p .. V-1 I tTH :EXCE_PT,, ;.P.E.: s I HI!,. V'll f E.
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;-5 .t-R.Uf: "NAM'E, :KN.Q'I($ TH{ NUtAOEH Of THE .
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DiSPATCH   r

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Attn: L
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Chief of statiol"'
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for his return. \:0
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l3. October 1960
u , " 4l·l " - (CHECK " X" ONE)
MAitltEO fOI INOeXINO
XXX NO INOEXINO IEOUIREO
INOEXINO CAN IE JUOOEO
IY OUAllfi EO HO. DESK ONLY
]notes
Please hold
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32 43
PAGB
COPt NO.-----
r .t.CI NO
D CONJINUIO
' I
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Sourr.el
(1( _ an::! spot.t.er ':orl l
L Jto pick his tillJ.W 11bilit·' nr'hi• -,oh ot:>r us,
but once r:-.lde
1
J o be f'li.rninatorl.
...,i:UUARK rendling ns matte'f'· in behalf · l-:arcoti<1, clureau.
-L :)o follo,.r up with/ -hn word Ill's. P..1rpose
of one or tj. }"-B' entry r.-cn 'o be te
0
-"13<\ ·.·lith
J
(2L . ]r,,.,orou:!hl•r
Appear&s haw on t!tpfr. 1?v-oo.
:rears r . had once ment red · tL
40 ',
'outsJde.
;J.rrl
,.Jil1ln in ,Jto follow l: Hi .Ju'ter 'orie_tirr. b-.t
• Purpose is selct Jrr + ... J spli
l·t.'l<m after joh done. Pos ible f'ln:l) pe?olcin!': Gem1Il i>s weL'
as Italim. Possible
(3) Sirag\l:la, Asst Deputy Narcotics Commissioner as source of
arrl Sicili"lls; 'lUery him whether District #2 hrr ,llJ ,!Jew
has \lest Irdian colore<l usable for our purposes.
. -\ .- 1
(4)l l • • !"";w .-
PA, exper'iencea l·:ith criminili; educnted
Sn;;l.:md and US,;
(5) Hilan offers go::d possibilities of
d onument-su::c. lie rs.
--7
'
...
((,/.",.... .:contact , ]sre,.l-:s
Italian, czc·finan, Englisl), h1.s t orou10h \ll'Yi.erworltl t.nt>rerp
P.rd Brussel:J and working • underworld Frankfurt, Colo;-:ne, Nice.
. '
.(?Y 1 )
( .i')has tl·IO e:q:ert(_ were introduce<l to
on 19 Ju:t,•r
(a(   J'M:werp; stateless (Clf
Russian descent) 1 nlU:{. . Knowledr>eable nor.ttern
..J.L"idl3nl0rld.     or, . :,
. • w w _..d)U$b!Jllli • Can locate ,taru Gill,
-Fran, or thru .desk clerks at Frankfurter Hof, asking for ,a.--rl
u.s i.np;l s na ne as reference 1dt h him

r .... ,
fJ11-'ll :' cnn be oht.ained ;
(9) rror trng nuroo!le:
t
ard execution ofl
'
!!rcial
'jj on
UUUJ33(
-:----
143
or __ .. __
l'AG! 3 3
COPY NO• -----
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.. ---------------·-- -·------
r .
2 July 1962
Received  
· · · - U UlllJll\l

Received 30,C00Bfrs. Llay salary. (}
. • II I
. ·- L
4 .Liay 1962
Received 30,000Bfrs. April salary,
J/1 ...... _//_0 ___________ __
2 July 1962
Received the sum of 30,000bfrs. Advance for
July salary,
Received
17 September 1962
30,0CO

Octcber 8 1962
Received
30,0V0bfrs for September salary.
-------- ______ ..fl -- . .1 Q. ---------------- ..
. .--- ---·- .

Received 30,000 Bfrs. Salary for


-
PAGE 2 5
..


. .
of
43
COPY NO. -----
. .·
,•
i
• ..
------·-----·-----·----
. __ -::;:,. __ _
Jl October 61
..     _
Received 30,000 Bfrl-lm00.8
962
'•
1 March 1962
.. .. . . . . .. - -- •· . . ' . ' . . ..

Received the sum of 30,000 Bfrs. Febr=ry salary.
..

1 December 1961

. , .
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0UU33J(l
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1 August 1961

    "" \
28 September 1961
Received the Sllll of 30
1
000 Bfr. .:lll.lary for ?tember
- -------------·· ··--··-. ·----·---. ·-·--------/1 ________ 1___ ... --··· ----
31 October 61


30 June 1961
.. _ IT June sala:cy.
-- --------+---.. --------·
31 January
__________ 30,0COBfre; sala:cy for Januar;;r.
.. ·
  (30,000 Bfr.)
PAOI!J
2 7
COPY NO. ----
).
Received on 21 March   francs
196o
Reoei .1rane3.
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----  
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6 NoYe»tber 1960
HeeeiYed the Blll:l o! 1!)
1
000 Be1:,ian francs •
.
..
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30 October 1960
ReceiYed the sum of 3500
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PAGE
29 of 43
COPY NO.----

REVIEW
-.
'· . . .
,_ .... .
··" .
. . . .. .
Attached is a rather s x page biographical
history which   you
requeat•d but many h fao111tate \
your evaluation of his po .. . . . . .. ·.
.. .
. · Thla report was July 1959. Following la
supplemental intelligence to bring you up to date.
.. . • ' -.•, . , •..,. ,., • , .; : ,'ty ;: ' • - .. , . ,r ': ·., : ! , . ..-. ,. • .
· He the Pried Sportwear Company,
.-
..
843 South Los Angelea Street, Los Angeles, Calltorn1a. On
_:... . Auguat 3. 1959 be waa convioteci 1n Federal Court at Loa -. :·;.< ... •· _.. .;:·· _ .. ..
:-· • Angeles ror ra1lure to register aa a previously convicted
. .... '. narcotic law violator at . the time ot hi a. travel abroad. .
·:·:He· waa .tined and p1aoad". pn. thr•t! a probation,. ·-··: .J .,. .·:'-·.; ...... .. .:=· · l . •
c. . 'Whiob is 1.n· ettact •. ..-_ , · . . . . · · :._
t ... .. • • • • • - t.
.
;_<':..:::_.' · MEL'i'ZEft. appeared .before ·a· Federal · Grand JUry at Loa
. Angelea on Marcb 24, subpoena,' but· invoked the
.. · .. · Firth .Amendment. throughout the questioning. Although he
. .:... ... , ., waa threatened with conte111pt proceedings tbla ·action never
· ·;: . materialised. . ..
• ' : \ :, • -f, ,• • •' ,.. ·• A ' ' :
In the ·ot 1959 be turn1ahed lntormation to our .
California ott1oe but baa not. al.nce cooperated with' .us. Be · .. '
bas the background and. talent ror the matter we discussed
. . . .. but 1 t 1:a not known whether be would be receptive.
t I • • • • '". ;'t-; I ,. • , .., '"!:'" '-' . : ", •. .-·V.\,1 • 4 • 'f ' ' • • • . .. "' " • I •• :
t - :· ••
Also is a copy ot his
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4
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·.
REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
OJW1N
According to statements by a senior CIA officer in 1967, made
to the Inspector General, the Agency was instructed to develop a
capability to conduct assassinations. Termed an "executive action
capability," such a project was initiated in 1961, apparently assuming
an existing cryptonym, ZRRIFLE. At the request of the case officer
(the same officer providing this information in 1967), a clandestine
asset in Europe,· QJWIN, was to be used ·in the project. The case
. .
officer understood that QJWIN · had been considered in 1960.for use
..
in the assassination of Patrice Lwnwnba, but that the proposed
was never carried out because the designated CIA case
officer declined the assignment.
The case officer in charge of ZRRIFLE also was involved in a.n
operation to assassinate Fidel Castro, running from early 1962 to
mid-1963. However, QJWIN was not used in this effort, reliance
placed instead on a Cuban exile leader. QJWIN was never
briefed on the operation, according to the officer handling
ZRRIFLE and the Castro operation.
Records do show that QJWIN was dispatched to the Congo in
1960, being there in November and December 1960, prior to the
..

{lrrr ro ()Jt.l:f .
----. -· -··. :- ;-__   _..

REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
death of Lun
there is no
evidence to suggest that QJWIN was in any way involved in Luznumba's
demise. The case officer who was the source of the of
the contemplated use of QJWIN in such an activity understood that he
was never used in this manner. The following information reviews
existing knowledge beyond that summarized above.
A 13 October 1960   Jtransmits notes to
headquarters from one of the two officers who subsequently met
QJWIN( J The notes list the names of polic.e officials
and elements and allude to the possibilities of finding( .
}suppliers.
QJWIN was met inC Jon 19 and 20 Octobe-r 1960 by
. two Agency offic:=ers and was. asked if he undertake a trip to
.  
J (The appropriate dated .
2 November lists only[. ]and[ . . _]as addressees·.)
He not given the objective of his missl.on because of its
extreme sensitivity and pending a final decision to use him.
he was told that the Soviets were operating in Africa among nationality
[ J and he was .being asked to
and !ecommend some quick-witted persons for
our use. He agreed to go on the trip. On 2 November QJWIN was
met in[ ]by an Agency officer, and he accepted an offer to
·:
I
'-' L.- • ... . '--
- - ---- ----, ----- -·
.... ·---:: .. -.;:,. ,--· --.-·-· ---
'
,.
·.
. .
. ·- · ....

REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
proceed to Le t r sending him
there originated at headquarters because someone must have
considered him qualified to handle a potential operation there.) The
precise mission was not conveyed to QJWIN, and he was only info"rmed
that the mission might involve a large element of personal risk. We
do ·not know and at present are unable to determine what t;he assignment
.
was. Subsequent cable traffic discusses arrangements for Q.JWIN to go
first to Leopoldville and then(. J ·
On 8 December QJWIN was in Leopoldville where he cultivated
.,
a close personal with a (.' ·: j There

follow in cable traffic on what approach QJWIN should use
. '
to ·recruit h:Un·   a special channel[ ]cable of 14
this target as marginal when considered against the framework of
plans for QJWIN and instructs him to if action has not
. .
been taken. The first paragraph of this cable states that we "would

like restrict QJWIN to actiVity directly pertinent his mission
L .eopoldville or forthcoming mission[. ]and possibly elsewhere .
jfo: ( ]purposes. He our ·only asset of this type and
·· we wish keep him clean of any operational involvement other than that
originally planned for him. " Thi s cable would tend to rule out
involvement in an assassination plot, since it is highly unlikely that
.... -·:- -
:
5
., . .. .. . . : •• ·: :· -:_:·.r: -J· .
. . · ... ..
• #
-..:· .
. -.:- -... . .
. . .
-..
---------.-·-· ··----·-
· :
.. .. -.. ;

• . '
REP,!2DUCED AT
an individual picked for such a sensitive and da.ngerous assignment
would be burdened with other chores or assignments irrunediately
thereafter.
Lumwnba was still alive, albeit under arrest, as of the tniddle
of January 1961, and it seems clear that QJWIN had left the Congo
in December 1960. A 19 Dece.mber cable to Leopoldville authorizes
his return to [ Jon Z 1 December and instructs[.
to pay him 1000 dollars for December salary, which is the final
payment for his services on this ope'tation. Also, headquarters was
working out the details of a Congo assignment. An 11 January 1961
headquarters memorandum, which refers to T I A's dated Z 1 December
1960, states that the referenced amounts were given to QJWIN by the
r:
[
J This suggests that QJWIN was in-
Jon or before Z 1 December.
Subseq)lently, it appears that QJWIN operated in Europe trying
to spot and assess individuals whom the Agency could use in [
l operations, in line with one of the principal missions of
[_ J A Z4 May 1962 cable to(. ]mentions that a decision
\
i
\
'
I
i
i
was made to keep him in Europe and that the Leopoldville assignment
had been cancelled. A transfer to[_ ]is deemed a good
choice. Also, a Z4 April 1964 disptach from[_
J which
•• 'P.""''F .. . S· .';""> "'"'"I
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4
   
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I
REPRODUCED AT THE ARCHIVES 111'
e .... " , .. .,1
mentions the termination of oJ 1k's -com aci, refers to the fact
that his only assignment since January 1962 has been to establish
cover.
Agency officers who were handling QJWIN in Europe were almost
certainly unaware of the fact that he was being considered as an asset
by the senior Agency official who had begun to become active in
February 196Z in the assassination plot against Castro. An undated
(EYES ONLY) memorandUin from the Deputy Director (Plans) refers
to a 19. February 196Z memorandum and authorizes the retention of
the services of QJWIN in activities which we have identified as
coincidential with the assassination plot against Castro. The date of
the reference memorandum coincides with the time that the senior
Agency official became actively involved in this enterprise. A
memorandum of Z7 June i963 dealing with the further handling of
QJWIN mentions that this enterprise has been terminated, except
for one precautionary "life line. "
In summary, it is almost certain that QJWIN had nothing at all
to do with the assassination of Lumumba, even though the contents and
language of available files are often cryptic and imprecise. If he had
been, it is highly unlikely that the number of Agency officers handling
and contemplating assignments for him would have been so large. The
·- f"'U -.
  .. :.1
5
JT27 I
i
··--------------- ----- ------ . - ___ .._ __ -------------- --.,.,--
                                                   
.,
.. . .
REPRODUCED AT NATIONAL ARCHIVES
headquarters concerned, inter
alia, with C. . J and it is reasonable
to conclude that QJWIN' s primary_ ,and exclusive responsibility was to
find individuals who could do -this kind of job. One of the officers who
fir.st met QJWIN in C
:Jwas on a trip overseas to findC
The 14 December 1960 cable
keeping him and in(: possibly[ ] .
which was speCifically mentioned in the 13 October dispatch offering
good possibilities for finding [ · ]suppliers.
Further, good tradecra!t practices would dictate that the last thing
that would keep an individual clean would be involvement in an
assassination plot. AlUlough the Chief t_ }vas
1ater ·assigned responsibility for the Castro operation, there is
.. .
no evidence to suggest that he was privy to a s sassination plots prior
to his briefing in late 196  
While QJWIN was considered for use in the "executive action
capability", there is no information available to suggest that he had
ever been approached in this regard, much less used i n any of the
planning.
. .
.
$ A 4

REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ·
Based 01• .... c I a 2 a a at the Agency
was in no way involved in the assassination of Luznwnba. However,
t
in the course of our research, two aspects of the Lutnwnba story
!
surfaced that indicate Agency involvement in a plot. In the one
instance, our 1967 source mentioned the name of an Agency officer
who was designated as the case officer for an assassination plot
against Luznwnba, but that he had declined the assignment.
That officer was the originator of a 19 December. 1960 cable to
Leopoldville in which he authorized the return of QJWIN tp
Jon Zl December to await further instructions CW:d the
payment of 1000 dollars to him for his December salary by C.
J The last paragraph of the cable advises
Leopoldville that headquarters is working out the details of a Congo
assignment for QJWIN. The same 9fficer was the originator of a
31 January 1961 memorandum dealing with payments to QJWIN •
. In the second instance; a 17 December 1960 cable from
Leopoldville deals with the activities of a newly recruited agent,
WIROGUE, whose mission was to try to spot persons for a
surveillance team, intelligence assets[;
J and paramilitary assets. The second paragraph of the
cable mentions that he resided li1 the same hotel as QJWIN (although
neither knew of the others CIA connection) and that he approached
    .
7
j
I
f
the latter on I • em r liars per month to
participate in an intelligence net and to be a member of an "execution
squad.
11
When QJWIN said that he was not WIROGUE
added that there would be bonuses 'for special jobs. The cable
mentioned in paragraph 6 that the Station was concerned with the free
wheel:IDg of his lack of his inability to handle
finances, and his unwillingness to follow instructions. The Station
was willing to keep him on probation, but believed his recall would
be the best solution. A suggested alternative was to put him in
·( _
]to try to obtain immediate intelligence on that are;...
In an attempt to reconstruct Africa Division was apprised
of the above and was asked to search its records _in an attempt to
clarify wh-at WIROGUE was up to in the Congo and his reference to an
"execution squad. " The research did not clarify the. matter to any
great extent, although some assumptions can be made on the basis of
-
circumstantial evidence. On 19 September two members of
. Africa Division met with WIROGUE to discuss an operational assign-
ment in that division. In connection with the he was to
be trained in small arms, and medical immunization.
In October 1960, a cable to stated that he was being
prepared for a deep c_over assignment to arrive Leopoldville late
0 o.# :... •• - •••• .... lo ..... ..,. __ - • ."" o1f ... >.; Jo --c'-•'1." ..... ... •
... · ...... . . . ... . ... _ ... .
8
.rBEO.?F ..
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..
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November. 1 ••
agent in order to "(a) organize and conduct a surveillance team; (b)
r:
_]and (d) execute other as sign- .
ments requiring positive action. -His utilization is not to be restricted
to Leopoldville. Indeed, he may be subject to call by other African
stations although it is expected for him to be resident in Leopoldville.
11
WIROGUE arrived in Leopoldville on 2 December 1960. His case
"officer gave him the following instructions: (a) to build cover[
Ja.nd (b) to try. to spot persons for a
surveillance team, intelligence assets assets.
Shortly after arrival, WIROGUE ran into QJWIN, who later told the
I
station that WIROG UE looked like an inte11:igence agent. In attempting ·
to recruit QJWIN for his "execution squad", WIROGUE exceeded his
instructions to avoid making approaches without checking with
Leopoldville Station.
In January 1961, at the request of the Leopoldville Station,
WIROGUE was given to flying lessons. [
J

9
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REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
(
) He departed Leopold ville (
] and his CIA
contract was terminated in Septeniber 1961.
Africa Division believes that WIROGUE was recruited for his
Congo assigmnent because of his third country national background
in order to establish a support mechanism in Leopoldville. At the
time the Congo was in chaos, we had few assets there, and the
likeliliood existed that the political situation degene.i:-ate
quickly. The Station possibly also wanted to have a latent paramilitary
capability. An October 1964 assessment of WIROGUE indicates little

flap potential with him since he knew little about the Agency. He spent
most of his time trying to de¥elop contacts and was not directly involved
in any particular operation.
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::"fH;;'I   HE- .WAS TO PLAY A. ROLE .. HAO' ..
V/H I Cl{ RA* .QVT ON. 29. fE:6RUAH'f, ·.::.,;s i\!GT
H'¢ .. i 0. .! n.t;!?.UL T f ._.
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.YEAA. · "JEAMINATION AND SAtC rtE: WvULO · ..
·en: CF ASS .. JSTAf..CC::. 1:.;
F'u.f1/rtc; Now Tt-!AT HE REGEiy[o ALL.. THe:
Nt:cgsS:A.RV;'·A1JTHOR·4ZATrONS f"OR OOING IN GEt:U-!ANY, HC:: SC.K ICU5LY
:coNS r'tn: _'dQ WITH. THE VEN T\J R E . C0 LCGN i.. (;J'f/1 !\ £A 1 C HC .
:WOu·L'tr··o·js·CIJSS ntf'S• l.-tiTH H.IS WIFE. HI-S HESITATiCf .. 15 li'J COW.-i iT-
io·:').. ::(ClNG LE-A·s' e: ON A SHCP.
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'2·-. .: :2-;;, ·.s; .Nc't . ·1·96.L : .{-sc: PARAG RA.P H. . 6,
··fut&E·A.·_..,I·% ·i .) s . ·.oN.L.Y. A:ss I.GNMENT HA.S BE·t:N
.TH: I ·S CGNF' I ·RME'D eY 0 I R-1 2541 OF L:!   I Ai\i O
· · 1N H:::ADQUART.e:Rs IN JuLY ::. 1
• ' L:.P.;r.'e:R, HE .IS ST•LL NC· i IN ?L::.CC:, t..LTHCJGH
. J.1ADE · :AN •I'.S:SUC:: CF' TH·IS \V·IT.·H HIM il·l 1963.   hE
:t:vC:·R I TO COMMIT HI MSE TO Ti-ll S ASS I       T P. U.1A I i': s ·
:-A H.A;S ST-RONG oous.rs. ·QJWI r·l' s p c:.,;sl. t-:.:.:.. H, sroHY
... • HAB-I ·T .OF' HEi)_GilolG ri i S t.•t: TS 1S
UNQCU6 T'E:,O.C·Y :'?A:R.T." .:{];:- S CH A RACTE TH.l S DOES NOT I :.: P :.':' 5E 1 T'(-
.. !fliP. . .I N.P. I.YCA.r.E   . !iE _ti.A.? u I 11 I 5- -·-
: EXCE_PT, ; P£RHAPS, 1-1 .1_5. ·•/•
  _ .. · · :· .... .· ... :.:.. · . . '· . .
·:>: · :8.:.- I.:S.I.'X-:'-I.OV.,N ;r.o Q.JWlN BY. I RUE : NAME;. u::.::o
· I.T _Ass_u.MED THAT HE tu =:;\;T , ; 1 E.D
:T-RII.F' ·· J'iJJ.N· KN.OWS · THE j'JUMoE.!- .
[} QTn')Jrn@·fRlwt&'Ut, _ors;..: .... u.:
:.OcT..:fer-:R 1'.'$ rtg . F.O R\'•/ ;;flCE: ;:..
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REf.)i:;.H. l: v !
ASSOCIATE
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PAG!::
8 4 orl- 19
COP'!
REPRODLLED AT THE NATLONAL ARCHL
INDEPEJ E 'l
ESEARCH
ASSOCIATES
I POB 2091
U\il\ou •   @[}{]

, NY 2091
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19 February 1962
::::UM FoR: • Agent Activities
1. For the you are here-
by authorized to retain the services of Principal Agent QJWIN
and such other principal agents and sub-agents as may be
·required. This authorization will continue to be in force
through 31 December 1962, subject to renewal at that time.
2. As established by contract with him, QJWIN's salary
will be $7,200 per annum. Accounting for the expenses of
QJWIN and other agents involved in this activity will be in
the form of receipts for funds received by them, and these
receipts will be retained in the ZRRIFLE covert operational
file. Because of the sensitive nature of this activity,
accounting for funds will be by general category and by your
certification. In addition to the established for
QJWIN, you are authorized the expenditure of $7,500 through
31 December 1962. If further funds are necessary, they will
be provided.
3. This memorandum is to be considered in lieu of pro-
ject and constitutes authorization for all travel, per diem,
operational and other expenses.
4. It is requested that this activity be handled
strictly on an EYES ONLY basis.
Richard Helms
(Plans)
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CJU3320


PL - 102-526 (JFK ACT)
NARA DATE ?i:j1/1 3
4 3
rAldS .L U or __ ,.
CO?Y NO.
l)C> 6 ,.:) I(') q
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fOtlool
11-$1 53
1•01
INOUINO CAN If JUOOEO
IY QUAliFIED HQ. OfSI( ONlY
.... .
Forwarded here,dth is an envelopo o!-notes
based on his discussions in the -station. Please hold
!or his return.
Dist_;ibution·
%- C ~ e   ,IIIIIJw/att)
1 - cos ;
1 - Reg
UU PllYIOU$ lOifiON
uru.cu rouu
JJ.)I. 51·114 AND JJ.Jf
WHICH All OUOUII.
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D CONIINUIO
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Source: ll & 1.2 Oct 60
pic
years oJd whom he had once mentioood to
man in to follow up ld th after by
Purpose is selct --far teaming
thEm after job done. Possible firxl peaking German
as Italian. Possible German documentation?
(3) Siragusa, Asst Deputy Narcotics as source on Corsicans
ani Sicilians; query him whether District #2 Engla.n1)
has West Irdian colored contacts usable for our purposes •

(4) contact: Rome, American Citizen, has
clearance,good potential PA, experienced l'lith criminals J educated
England and us.
(5) offers gocxl possibilities of fin:iing ........ and d&ti-&-
doo:ament-supplie rs.
  bar mmer, speaks
Italian, German, underworld Antwerp
ard Brussels and l·lorld.ng knowledge underl'rorld Frankfurt, Cologne
1
Nice.
t ::ru
ard
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REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
  FOR Til E RECORD
SUBJECT: lilROGUE/ 1 t{. J occcmbc r 1960
On 13 M3rch 197 5 a search of available docume nts was
made to determine ' the reason forche commentl ' paragraph 2
Of a 17 . 0ecemhcr 1960 cable from· , indicat ing
that WCROGUE/1 a t tempted to a Eu to be a
membe r of "an execut i On sq uad." The research d i J not clarify
thi s matter to any g r e at e xtent, althou!:h some as s umptions
can be made on the ba sis of circumstanti:tl evitlet.ce.
WIRnCUE/ 1 a n ethnic Georgian recruited and trained
for the old : . . .. o\. prog ram. born in the Soviet
Union, he mo\·ed to h'cs tern Europe when two years old. lie
in the French Foreign l.ef!ion , as of 1960 was
  s tatel es s . lnvolveJ peripherally "'ith the French
Resistance, he was s entenced to de3th by the bu t

by the U.S. _Army •

t':'
' r· 1/e
. • r.) ric was brousht to the United
States or i gina ll y for usc <IS of two for Project
r;· .1 lie s poke n:J tivc f re nch and flue n t Georgian ,

By 1960 the Agency was involved in a reu sona b l y major
effort to reset tle :\'lRuGUE/ 1, pos sib ly in   fo r the
mission for   he been lHOil)!ht t o the Unitcci Sta te s
had been h' fROGUE/ l' s file indi c 3tcs •hat as of
30 Auwust steps being takea to resett l e him in Mexico.
ll owever , on 19 1960 two members of ,\fric3 Di\'ision
met with him to di scuss " an operation:ll :tssi!!nr:le!lt in Africa
Division." rn connect ion with thi s assignment , h' I ROGIJf. /1
was to be t rained in sma ll arms anu medica l
immunization. Pl=tn s to resettle i u were can-
ce leJ . lie 1\as proviJ cJ a n e:..' pscupt>nym and i mJnization
s hots. In Oc t obe r 1960 a cab le t oL tated th3t
EZ DlPOET
CL BY 018307
I.
. .
t. r " n A Ll.:l
• REPRODUCED AT THE NAnONAL ARCHIVES
.....
1 WlS dec;:> Co\·er to
I :lte ll caJquartcr:; noted 114!..-
intent o u sc hi m a u;ility in o r der
and conduct a s un•cillance team; (b) intercept pa..:kagcs;
(c) blow up bridges ; and (d) ex ecu te other assignments
requiring post· ivc utili:ation is not to be
restricted to ' · · · lnJeed, he may be s uhject to
call bY. other , . _._]although it is expecteJ for
him to · be res en t inr . .''1 In this cable 1\li'OGUf/1
described an photographer, archi-
tect, . forger and forme · . • , :1 lie was judge<! to be
s rcwd, glib one who reli shed
intrigue and da r i ng. lfe wa s a ssessed as able to "learn
quickly and carry out any assignment regard to
danger ." As he in the United S t ates black, the plan
was for him to depart black, documented as an Aus trian,
to surfacehin We s t German)' anJ fr om there to proceed on
his own to · · I In November 1960 "to prevlt his
identifica on with the-U.s . Government orr nd to
preclude any un expec ted ofjihi s ou ld
associate him with hi s preL_ ife", l't' !ROGUF. /1 under-
IOent plastic s urgery to chansc the shape of hi s nose . lie
vas provided a t oupee for cons tant wear and docuncntcd as
an Austrian to the United Cove r
fo r his presence i n · · · · · · to be as s hopkccpe r,
pos sibl y that of a otogrupher--:-1 ,\ rather ler. g thr :t s sess-
mcnt of his ch:tr ac t e r can be s umrucd up br s aying he was
able to rationali:e ar.y ac ti on if he had s trong case offi-
cer direction. Trai;ling reconl s for s ubsequent
to hi s by the Afri ca Di v i sion, indicate training
only in Sh' .
h' IF-OGUF./1 arrived in(' l on 2 1960.
!lis case offil:er gave him the follo-.dng instructions: (a)
to build cove r - poss ibly by opcnin,\! a photographic s hop; and
(b) to try to spo t per s h s for a :; un·cillance tean, intcl
ass ets , particu l ar ly in · · para·rnilitary
assets. Almost immed ia l r upon arrival ran into
who told the sta t ion :hat   l ooked like an intel -
ligence agent. I n attel·npting t o recruit QJh' T:\i.· for his
"execution squad", W!ROGU[/1 exceeded his ins;.ruc ti ons toJ
making approaches without checking   •
2

L
1\TA T>"
REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES

In J:tnuary 1961(.' . for authority to
rcr::i c lifiWt:UE/1 t o me fly in!-! so that the . ,
coulJ bh uscJ ior 'raandest,i.Jt-: mi ss i.,ons (the plan-.: was
in · :tmc). L .bel · dis-
    of idrOCUr/1 an .. L. pcrJtions '
l.l, '.!)"a? never in•J ol\·ed in :tny :t ss ass1 tion schemes).
approvc J lessons. Ry 1961
haJ obt:aincd the pos ition of advisl·r to thcf· • "p
r . . . ' '• .. . 1anJ '-' a S used
for the purpose on the- ' e
· ·J By April 1961 theL' .)"ere attC'lllptlng use
arms a_nd instructors 1n Dy
April 1961 was r · to fly
he himself haJ cd only evcral
earlier and was reading m:tnuals at night
to stay aheaJ of hi s class. In July 1961 departed
[' · ··· i]bccausc he had run into difficulty obtaining
a permit. He terminated in 1961.
In a s unrur)' of his acti\'ity in Augus t 1961,' · · ·· ·
. . )said h'IROCUE/1 knew very little about . _rctiv-
ltlc!S.
. Itt--is opinion th:tt h'IROGUE/1 was recruited
for becaus e of hi s thirJ country national
• rder to :t mechanic: . in •
and there ,.,.as some that e polit)
. • At the tuneL w:t s 1n chaos,
i..::tl :; itu.1tion would quicldy . Thcf ·
a l :; o to have a latent and
bac kground and previ ou::: tr.1ining for the , . . · • ':J
r:1 .1de him a su itable c andiJate. Thi s i s , of c urs e,

Perhaps pertinen t i s ln Octohcr ,9(1-1 a ss e ssme nt of
who h:ttl bee n turneJ over to ] for res ettling
in Hesettl him had tur· ne out to bt: Jn :: no rmous
·The October cable note s that had
an desire for intellige nc e s ervice and enjoyed the
role of lo1•cr action agent. he threa tened
to to for the French IES , it not belie\' cd that he 'fi.-.,4"' fw
ai -..·ould be acce pted. The :t ss c ssrncnt inJi ca tcd there
lo.'3S little flap pote ntial with WfROGUE/1 s ince he knew little
3
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REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
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REPROOUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
.. · -· - ·""'"'-...... a..;:....
..
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. 25 .1Une 1883
FOB: Chief, lntell1ience
• ··
and October, QJ'f llf ••• teaaporar1l7
1o Leo;-olc\· illA on llD • ord&i'old aod
a pproved ty Kul:..t.R.-'1: ILlar.Squartera. l>.lring that " V!o<.' po ldville
.. a!lct)J to hia $ l .• J in £.1olgiao franca. Sub-
aoquectl)' , Q.rllli accouotod !or leaving an outllt•ndlna
balance o! All r e a!Sonablo e!!ort!l baye t>.on to
oxj>la1o C.13 wttbout .-ucceaa. I do not bolhvo
it is practical at thi:J ;>oi;1 t to •tte111 pt to 1ovest1fi llte !ur t bor
to tho reason why accounting doe' not matc h ·
tbe advacce bim. All ot our exporieoce with QJYIN lu:1ds
to tbe conaiderou belie! that the funds given hla • aot1cu!ou s ly
exi-'l:Jded :or tb" Clllo rati<.'OAl purpoeo ut111:ted. However , to view
of tbe • of tiaa it 1& reaaoaable to expect hi• to
reconstruct tbosa traneactioo3 in at tb1• point. In
v! -'• o! t l; ia, I that tbitJ aL'Iou n t of t bo -..r1tteo
ott oo ot tbe   certificntiou:
I here ly   tbllt to the of •Y
and belie: on operational
c ! QJliN that the
· io by tbia o%!1c13lly
lor !or Yhicb the
advaoce • ,iv•n·
/ L /
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Chiei, Fo:-e1.;n ·
W. K. IL'lnc-,· 1:11J-; 213 June 1963
- SAS.' } ' 1n.\IIC' t..' }L·
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c,,,,r, v.i t· · :. · ... 17 JUL1959

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auu•li\.-Uo• aDCI tc. tlto t..

J-:.t-•...t u. lcll.uno• ,r
at 1Q.A•.bourc or
A.rnet«t \he IT.')Cb a"Glk3Tll\.. 0111
wev1ol.on of • • .. n:J lot.rr • .S o'- An.
,.AlNoed frv<o. uur" LM
or "!-'t'. ; l4l\"ill.. l'l ... ; ,,.:..;_ y\ ' etc.
Jn""at9d b] the •o.•u;.o•
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1-•l•uo<1 -.nd .,lao-4 wrl&J' •
Al b1• l•r1t
l"lt:,.ll.-1 .frooa fran::• lbe • • .. od
l,..•trQOt•l lo lh.: "t. • • 1..-. Lux-

'· t.tf.Jlt.to. ... al lr. fono:.llor. at.&lot• "•* l"'tS'C)I'tt'cS l:1 tl...-.n
al\ 1111;-orttnt l:llell1re!:CIP &t. • bJ' tM .:;.,roo .. n• 1.941). A
de.crl;;ltOfl of f'-ctjftel the ,._.rlJ c. o •a \a .. ,. f.:>Hnw•s tall. l1'11a, bae
t-Ua. l:•;.ortO'J to t• n H\tt • • otd
ca -veali."Y .,,.1 oultun-ct. • rrtl':ooa ln ,,ool . •rta\a..., r:!.rcl ..
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on lb ._., .... .-.!) .. r lo;.-.1.. .. t r ........ hlol, •• : .. .• · ·•I'C'r• found on :"ut-JPC:l -.t. u.t
tl:o• lr·!le&le-1 ; ..,•>Jo:t. b•<f" talr l."' !'lu.moe wtth tN: • Ull4
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4. • • 1n l J,
"'ben arrt•a l..J. '•1• r&r-!a • • .,.., 1
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j. • !U•• O<Y.lt.&ln no furU:to'l"   on
\hat.   1- r-f•TY"r-.ee 6.
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REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES
ClASSIFIED .MESSAGE
5
('BitE
DIRECTOR
C8 . .
";;, CI/OPS, Cl/lc,"f..j1 F'I/OPS, fE S/C 2, COP
ROUT IN(
IN
INfO en•
DIR
1. SUBJ 0 .t
1
TOLD
  NATIONAL
HE RECENTLY 11WITE.D BY
'DIN RING 'wtiiCH RECEIVING "GRATIS"
. . .
FRCM CHIC::MS LARGE AMOUNTS OPI!Jol TO BE SMIXlGLED TO STATES.
SUBJ WILLING DO UNDER GUIDANCE AMERICANS.
2. SUGGEST HQS MAKE AND ADVISE ARRANGEMENTS NEAREST
NARCOTICS BUREAU.JffiCER COME LUXE WHERE CAN fULLY INTERROGATE
SUBJ, ASSESS STORY AND DECIDE ACTION.
END Of MESSAGE
z 9 APR 1959
I -,rs&lt(l j•
REPRODUCTION BY OTHER THAN THE ISSUING OFFICE 1:; PROHISITED.
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infonaer on the act.hrJ.t.i iJIS nl' ut.her emun lers ... .u .:.:a 3 W i n lA•x.:Mbourg.
ec t. i&l ri.nanc i&..ily i.nc.louted to '10 }\.1.3 l oaned hiM mnney to
c ot llhrte,j 1.n a lll,;it.iJr.-.t.e buainec:e. tln acloit.jC'n, • nawu •
lot a bout illegal activities, vldch cunce1vably Le ueed
->..1bjcc t..) ect ha3 111&11)' ar.-:1 vu-ied cout. act-4 1111 ong .llle,;al. trader a
and petty Cri.Jti.na.lO Ill$ V.,ll ILS amone lnfluent.ial. lef:J. bU.U 1 1103!JI..,O• 1!0
is described by the ... a.o a quick a1d one Who can "t.nink on his teet
w)l"" t h,. arot: o u to vho a ou.tt-abJ.c     .for     bo,
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t ho • WJ.S p1: t t.<' i o r••tJr c con3crv-ative 1•1 ru l'l jud,;ru., .nt
t.h:m c: lt.ner , t.,   t. IJ:.t. Wu.:J t. ho .ltll·kl choi c e.
Al' f: or tllil t: t.o tho of ..;.ruj ect, he .1.3 the of J.C rac.n vho
lol<."l d a.;.pc:U t.o ' · . , and llo h;.vo been c oarr. hi11G !or
a • of p .:-ouinl int.G Y. GU 11r. Li v.l.t.los iJ1 LWLernwurc , bjoc t 111ay well be t.he
.man for t.ho j o b. If w-:: use .:;.Jbj ec t for tld :J purpo:..o, o.nrl 11' at any t iJTio dur.ri{J
t h o o.., era t. ion it Should IA:COIIIC evicient t.hat. WO kl'O ll v t. CCt.t.lnf' e> nyw:-tot' C OT t hoit
;:iuuj oc t. is not t.he m:..n f or thu j ob
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lfill rl' car e!'ully a..'l:Jossed and briofctl by the ..; under coMt:m:[; C-y
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On )l ML.\J"oh, l.96l, at ·tro ,f t.'1C! Officnr, , Sub.j
wao teohni<'etlly 1ntorrogntet\ in the French le.nguagA at l\ i•'r l'"li
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<1Hl':Ml'\y. Tha purpose or thtJ 1ntorrogntlon wan to ai:l tn cldol'fo1.lntn.'\ l'I;ICt.ht'T
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(o.) io proGcnt]y \'lorlcing for any otj1or 1ntP.ll1g<'ncf! nt'rvlw•;
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hM told   .. arlyonft nbout the opel'o.'t1.onr. 1 n '.'/l-,tt''· •···
beP.n fnr -  
(c) hau honoet.ly reported about. tho t.lmt ho hns .1nno ror- )11"·
telligencP..
T.ht' following inforroat.ion wa.a devf1lnped during tha ruta ttw tc· ,· hnj("-11

...
Suhjoct Dtatcd t.hnt clrntJ. ht' \IJM' flppronc.hd by IDENT IT'/ r ,
a 'Bolglan ol t.1 zen, whom ho hGd lmn\lm n).n•; g 1 • to ubtaJ n a enmp lo 'lf r\
nnw mo:jE!) e:un fer the hettrftt cf 1111 EMtorn cc-untry. S\\b jf":· ,. ;·
p..,rto<l thle • lDffiTJ:·Y D, '"hn hJ '11 Lo B l'.d1 ' ·
J::).'1'ifl."TY J·;, a_, offloi-Lt at. nJtbu:t•g ttL:· &r.u.
1hjeot ndv1.Acvi thnt. upon his return ht v1 i ·r,• l rt::J:'l if' l'l'Y B,
but. dirt not c11ocur.o hJ.r. work with thr. ThAlr ncmv{'rna-ctnn •
Jhp n:i ':l•ni·. i"'l :., ;..:::· :":.'li\gf.'l, tn gew•ro.l. :·.::..!T : :::   ;. .:=.! ... ·t. a
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• •   to • tu for tin WC'Ot.Pm tnt .. l ')H•
• h.1 nt1tl[·; thai'. ha \·laiJ • for t.hf' 3ubjnr1· r• • l tit .
lllfl JoucJ Cenn
• t.tm"\: ld.!l     tdi'h IDEJrl"'l'J'l :::; tt-!11 'tl u''nJ• : ..
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t.'ll .i•l"!lf, i.iiatl • dootor ··thoro, who• gavo him'" oimila:t- fit'•'IAnriph"t\
Ghioh, ho rHct
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which ycau ho.vo mcmti o:a•?•l, l ·a ·rr :1o•.•
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Subject stntou ihn.t; he hn.d
with t h11 J,uxurnbour«, Helt,ci nf&
the Fronoh M,•q hofor o h!o
Hie ot)llnbort\Llon \lith tho
and w. Oarmnn Intulligonoo S
current naaoo!ation with tho
Belaian Intclli{,ence :;
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collnbora tion with the
oiron 1954 ho
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a.nyono 1l
IntelliGenoe Sorvice
J,u""<C!Iilhnu:rp: of hto ll\11Jpi · ·
Tho .,•·. ·;·n :· l.! ol ·r: •\ :." ;.•·· ··. ,,ed
did not
1') fier\•icco
Subjoot atntctl that ho is nloo kno1m to tho Fronch nnd Delginn
Polioo in connection with l1io illccnl bu31nooo
tro.nae.ctiono ..
. ..
·subjeot hic1 :JirAot oontnct with rapreocnta.tivoo of
a Communiot, Govornmcnt oocurrod when ho oallod nt tho lrumnninn
Trado Ui3oion in Dorno, Hnitzorlnttd, in oonncotion "1th n
buoineou dou.l in he no.o onaaaod in IDEHTI'l'Y Ao
4 o Are you prencntly aivincr in Corron tion to the Luxembourg So.L·vico?
" Anawora Noo
5• With the oxcoption ot. tb.JIIIIIIIII a.ro you oeoretly oollnborRtina
with a Weston'
7o Are you seorotly oooporntine with a Comrnunint intolliacnco oorvioo7
MO'RCTI uo.
10. Do you correspond Bnyone in nCommunist country?
Anowers Noo
Did you tho dotnilo of your ooorot
11ith the._
. An'orrora No.
15. Did you oomplcto, your O'lorot missions; for '\;ho -
Annwora Yo a.
17. With thu oxoeption of the onae
who l'..norro thnt you \fork for tho
Ananera lfoo
mo, in   nnyono else
·subjco t hio wifo and :COI!:llTI'l'Y D l:no'11 or his
anaooiation
21. Did yo" toll :mr:tl'l'ITY D tho datnils of your wot·lt for tho
Ansrrera No ..
Did you rev9al to _snyono tho nnd tho dotailo of your mission
tor tha - in J,aopoldvillc'i
.Ananorr Jlo,.
., .. ,
· 26.- : --Dic\-: )'OU honaotly roport to Ull tht\t f:nnl-: · , ,
l .·· · ·!•n) ·t·.rl )."'.
1\noflorJ
Yihile in Itnl.r nnd D\Yitts"irland ·iu •
to nnyono you l'lore aoaoolntod \ti th
An:->WOT."I no •
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''· . While in Italy and Swi and in
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, 1961, did you
to un1ono nature and tho de\Qlls or thia miatd.on?
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Arl:l you preoantly for the h In tolli.,1!H1cc:
AnGworl Ho.,
Ara you prooenltly 11orkine for the Bole;ia.n Intalligonoe Serv:i.c6?
Anowora Nod
Are you preoontl;y working for tho Luxombourg I11telligonce Scr.vioe?
An3v1cra
Are you preoontly work ina for tho iYoat Oermnn lntollie;cnco Service?
Anew era llo n
Are you prc:;cntly workinn for thP.   Sr.rvic e?
An slfrn: : No .,
Are you praRently working for the Soviet Intcllif;onco Sci"vi oo?
Ane110ra llo.,
Arc you pronently \YOt•king· 1'01' the F::liJ Gl!:rnmn l
Ano11cr a No ,
£.9.!!fJdlli.L ClliJ..
An an:1!ysia of Snbjcot
1
s charte inrlicatoo that Subjnct ia uot
).y collrlbOl's.tlng l"i th uny other n9rvicc tmd hno hon•wtJ.y
aud di ncrcetly accnmpliohad hio Sorvico aneinned
mi.:'\oionao . ,
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In of Snbj oot f G cloao rolntionship wi t.h n f i t i 0 reGOiUGH::ntl·-
erJ t h::\t Sub;joot be technical f•) llollinr; o!ly
nsaiunmcnto he mny bo in tho futur.e ..
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11 April
TO:
Di recto::-
,,,
FHOM: John. _t\.{!Vrccone \
1. No me moranc.lum can located cove ring the August 10, 1')62
meeting; it is probable that one exists.
2. of Auciust 8 or 9, 1962, in rr,s Roo , ...
(Pentago-:i) and August 10, 1962, in Secret<!.ry Rusk's Conference Room
we:::-e for t'ne: pt!rpose of considering staff proposals for Phase II of opera-
his ope ration wa s u n r the d i r e c ti on o f G e
• T tici :J.tio!'l {under FitzGerald} .
. tone meetings --probably the meeting in the JCS Room --I
recall a suggestion being made to liquida te top in the Castro
;t·egime, ipch·diAg C;u;;tro I t ook im:nec.liate exception to this suggestion.
stating that the subject \las completely out of bounds as far as the USG
and CIA were concerned and the idea should not be discussed nor s-hould
it appear in any p;J.pe1·s , as the USG could not consider scch actions on
mbral or ethical g;-ouncls.
3. Imntedi:J.tely after the meeting, I ca.Eed on Secretary l\.1cNamc>.:ra
personc.lly and re-emphasized my position, in ·which h-:! heartily agreed.
I this bccau:;e operation MONGOOSC --an affair
was unGer the ope rational control of DOD through JCS.
4. At no time did the :;uggestion receive serious consider2.tion
by the Special Group (augmented) cor by any individual responsible fo:::-
policy.
5. Through the years the Cl.!ba n problem was discussed 1n terms
such as st!"o " " remove a. " "knock off Castro " etc.,
and this meant the ove rthrow of Government in Cuba. and
the replacing o( it with a der:1ocratic regime . Terms scch as lhe abo .. ·e
  in r-1any workir.g papc r s , :nc mor2.ncla for the c tc. • and, as
stated, all refer to a change in l}.c Cuban

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· . .
...
St!::::3JECT: CIA Connections with Oq;c.ni7. c d Crime
\'tit!, o:1c CIA had no with crg::r.nized crime.
It coes not cpnc!ut:t has not conducted related to foreign
CO!!.<!CCtious wi[h urganb:ecl crirne in lhe United Slate::;. If, in the course
of normal   operatic:"ls abroa d, t!tis type of information.
to the c.ttenlioa of the 1\gc:lcy, pror:edure provides for
its to the Fcder<'-1 Bureau of Investigation. ·
'!;'rom August 1960 until June 1963, CIA attempted to a
sensitive Cuba through individuals who had COJ!ncctio"ns
cr ·were 1:1ernbc1·s of organi'l.ed crime. At the beginning of the opera-
tio:l, the syndicate still had gatnbling operations in Cub<'. c.nd, <'-S a result,
had i:1 that country. It: was inl.:!ndcd that thi!i •   he used in
operation. The to us-e the Sj":lcl!t:ale' s coulacts in Cuba
ended e a rly J.961 but the key figure in the U:1iled States continued to be
involv ecl ln a later atten1pt to wad{. tlu·ough Cub2n refugee who had no other
    crime. The desired access never ma.terialized,
'nd the operation wc;.s terminated fonnally in 1963.

...

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t.gree&l I' byt:his '·'IM'r Q.,J:-i !:'Hkn-+hi.S'
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REPRODUCED ,o\T THE N,o\TION,o\L ,o\RCHIVES
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AGENCY SSCIA
JFK ASSASSINATION SYSTEM
IDENTIFICATION FORM
AGENCY INFORMATION
RECORD NUMBER 157-10002-10075
RECORDS SERIES
MEMORANDUM
AGENCY FILE NUMBER
Date:03/22/94
Page:l
-------------------------------oocuMENT-INFoRMATioN ____________________________ _
V'''
,;fr·'t' •
; . 4.
- ORIGINATOR

,, < OPERATION MONGOOSE
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DATE
PAGES
SUBJECTS
OPERATION MONGOOSE
CUBA
CIA
DOCUMENT TYPE
CLASSIFICATION
RESTRICTIONS
CURRENT STATUS
DATE OF LAST REVIEW ,i !
' OPENING CRITERIA
  ..
!·· Box 244
-( 13
. -
-
COMMENTS
CIA
HARVEY, WILLIAM
DEPUTY DIRECTOR
08/14/62
2
PAPER, TEXTUAL DOCUMENT
u
OPEN IN FULL
0
03/25/94
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[R] - ITEM IS RESTRICTED
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DIRECTOR
P!\l C..'U":r
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D/DCI, DO?, COP,
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POSSIBLS PURCRASX. \lll.L ADVISI.
]5841

2. lV.VE NO OPS D;'l'!:RF.ST F\JRS1Jlj;Q u:A.D D\11' CO."fTTNUUNO D'l'fO.L
3. llOT.E POSITIO:l O;f
\
Jt DIR ( CXtr S.."'9')4) ....
OF lo!ESSAGB
..J I
*DC:.SX   • liru:;onds collected by 1\AG.!I.i
tr.;;-:1 v1.l.l.!1GCS os tJo )..: G
1
:oupr>e>&cd..l..n at 20 t11.ll.io:1 dal.-
lnn. '-'!lilted l!l'tact> this. Request
Bqa co=::nts about baving ! :ci:l.& T "d ell-
cit ins d1A:::ond salo pitch. ..,,C!l arrs.n..-e
Accr3 based rep ot · meeti.Ag.
CIS co:nment: •• Cable pre-datcs.current C/S files. A copy will be forwarded if
desired, \

IC•I•tiNG OlltCCt 41.1 f"I NII(AfiN0 Oflt(lt
. \
REPRODUCTION 8'1' OTHER THE ISSUING OFFICE IS PkOHIBITED. (OPJ No.

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11 April
TO:
Di recto:::-
,,,
FHOM: Juhn l
1. No me moranc..Ium can b<! located cove ring the 10, 1?6Z
meeting;   it is hitihly probable that one exists.
2.   of Au6ust 8 or 9, 1962, in rr,s Ovs; r:!.tion·j Rpm,.....
(Pent.ago!'l) and August 10, 1962, in Secretary Rusk's Conference Room
v1e:-e for the: purpose of considering staff p:x::oposals for Phase II of opera-
his operation .... -,as und!::r the direction of Ge ·
. T rtic i :J.tio!"l ( unc!e r FitzGerald) .
. tone meetin6s --probably the meeting in the JCS Room --I
recall a suggestion being made to liquidate top peo[Jle in the Castr_Q__
:regime, incl,·ding C•u;tlio, I took im:nec..Iiate e x ce?tion to this suggestion,
stating that the subject \las completely out of bounds as far as the USG
and CIA were concerned and the idea should not be discussed nor s-hould
it appear in an:r papers, as the USG could not consider such actions on
moral or ethical g;-ound$.
3. Imntedi:J.tcly after the meeting, I cal!ed on Secretary l\.1cNa.m?.ra
personally and re-emphasized my position, in which h-:! heartily agreed.
I d!.d this because operation MONGOOSE: --an intcr-dep2.'i· t:rr.c:tt:J.l affair '"
was unc!er the operational control of DOD through the JCS.
4. At no time did the suggestion receive serious consideration
by the Special Group (augmented} by any indi •ridual responsible fo:-
policy.
5. Through the years the Ct!ban problem was Hl terms
such as_.:.:disFJeas of Castro," ''remove Casll;.Q,. " "knock off Castro,
11
etc.,
and this meant the overthrow of the Communi!it Government in Cuba and
the replacing o( it with a der.1ocratic regime. Terms such as lhe abo .. ·c
in r.1any workir.g pa pc rs, :nc for the r-=:cord, c tc. , and. as
stated, all refer to a change in t}.c Cuban Govc!rnment:-
--------------------------------------

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· ..
St':3JECT: CIA Connections with Crime
\'fifh o::1c CIA h:1.s had no c_onnectio:. with crg;:mized crime.
It coc:; not c9nc!ur..t and not C0!1d11cte<.l pro:;rams related to foreign
co;.wcctiou.s with organir.ed. c.rirne in lhe United Slate!:>. If, in the course
of normal co:.mtcr!r.tclJigen<:c operations abroad, t!tis type of information
co!"::!e:; to the of the Age:-tcy, pror.:edurc provides for
its t ranstni ttal to the Fcderc.l Bureau of Investigation.
From August 1960 until June 1963, CIA attempted to r..arry out a
Cuba through individuals who had co.nncct!o'ns
v1ifh c r   IT!embcrs of organir.ed c:;:ime. At the of the opera-
tio:l, the syndicate still had ga1nbling operations in Ccb<'.. c.nd, c>.s a result,
had in that country. It was int.:!ndcd that thi.5 acc•!SS be used in tha
operation. The a.ttem:pt to c:c the Sj";tclicalc' s coul.J.ct!i in Cuba
<-ndcd e a rly J.961 but the key figure in the U!1ilcd States continued to be
involved in a later attempt to wot·k tlu·ough Cuban refugee who had no other
with crime. The desired access never ma.terializcd,
and the operation WC\.s terminated formally in 1963.

'•
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fl., :the Coi"\go{);JWIJQwa.s
t.ohoo:<Jet j" "S"O'"lf"lre ·
'Iba e t\tir e oa of hJ. .9 e L\.t- .6-al\t\
th.e. tHg i nl- ;.is .:tn:i SlSi 1 o a r.e;\-t:llrl1 l f'ke
covered. t}:..f t2or
h.4.h.u. Cc"-Apletd; tM; fr:{ ' ·
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13· l'ltOf"tSSIOIUl TEST OATC
IExe
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1931-33 Danv1 lie Gazette, Indiana- Reporter & Printer
1931t-35 Indiana Unlv, Bloomington·- P·ubl lclty \'!riter (athletlcs)(PT)
I 9 3 7 - 4 0 S a I t -em p I o y e d , a y s v 1 I I a , K e n t u c k y - At to r n e y - D t - Law
1940-47 Dept of Justice, FBI, DC/ NYC/Pittsburgh, Pa -Special Agent &
Supervisor/
1e .
.1933-37 Indiana ,Unlv, B.toomlngton- LU3 (with Distinction) La·,.,, psych,
Phi los, Journalism
. . . ·-....
1?. 'OittiCH
LAI< CU4C(
A81LITI(S
• • l'rofl-
l • ncy, D•t• T• • t-.d
erman - R;High; lntarpret- Oct 1961
1 t . .lCtHCY '..:-. S;:"O::;It   ;:1
1963Jtalfan
cp
1948 t·iay
Dec 1948
II
"
r 1949
II tl
Oct 19 49
II II
Feb 1951 Chief Stf E
Dec 1951 I 0
Dec 19 52 Ops Of
Nov 1953 I 0
Dec 1954 Area
or.s
Of 0136.01
Jan 1956
, ..
II
0 I 36 .0 I
  1959 Chief of Oase 0 I 36 . 0 I
S:ep 1959 return to Hq
Oct 1959 Ops Of 0136.01
Jun 1962
11 II
0136,01
Jun 1963 Chief of Sta 0136.01
Jun 1965
II II II
0136.05
Feb 1967 Ops Of 0136.01
Ooc 1967 Retirement Cvolun t<1 ry
1. 'ROfiL( lt(VI(w(O 8Y
22 Sco 1971 obs
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• • S7
P-7
P-7
P-7
SIS
16
16
16
16 F I
16 Fl
I 7 Dl
18
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The att3ched letter   ex!'lains the above
him on his r,uard
Attachment


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. The Directoe noted as follows: •1. i'ihAt is record of
• b
1
,: while w.i. th us? 2: the attadhed letter is un.satil!actory. I don
j:b'J/ its evaii veness • Please rewrite. R. "
• Attached will be found a brief, pre;'ared by the Chief Clerk• s

  b1c......office, reflecting fomer with this Bureau.
\ respect to ttl! the attached letter has
i (r;T been pre;:ared pursuant to inst ructiorus.
J (i.

ACTIOfl:



f
I! approved, - it is suggested the attadhed
b
1
!o"tarded to the _3ureau representative J

Attachment
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76 JUN J9ft

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Deletions were made punuant to the exemptions lpdicated below with no searepble matediJ
available for release to you.
Section SS2
00 (b)( 1)  
0 (b)(2)
[i) (b)(3) C.•
• '5'V USC
0 (b)(4)
0 (b)(5)
0 (b)(6)
0
0
[]
0
0
0
0
0
Sesaism
(b){7)(A) 0 (d)(5)
(b)(7)(B) 0 (j)(2)
(b)(7)(C) f/;f.. 0 (k)(l)
(b)(7)(D) 0 (k)(2)
(b)(7)(E) 0 (k)(3)
(b)(7)(F) 0 (k)(4)
(b)(8) 0 (k)(5)
(b)(9) 0 (k)(6)
0 (k)(7)
0 Information pertained only to a third party with no reference to you or the subject of your
request. ·
0 Information pertained only to a third party. Your name is listed in the t itle only.
0 Documents originated with another Government agency(ies). These documents were referred
to that agency(ies) for review and direct response to you.
___ Pages contain information furnished by another Government agency(ies). You will be
advised by the FBI as to the releasability of this information following our consultati6n
with the other agency(ies).
___ Page(s) withheld for the following reason(s): __________________ _
0 For your information: ---------------------------
(OJ The following number is to be used for reference regarding these pages:
cxxxxx
:xxxxx
xxxxx
lo:J- 1o150- 95-d--
X DELETED PAGE(S) X
X NO DUPLICATION FEE X
X FOR THIS PAGE X
FBI/DOJ

.
.
APPROVED FOR RElEASE 1993
CIA HlSTGRJCAL REVIEW PROGRAM
f-.1HiORJ\NDUH FOR THE RECORD
SUDJECT: WIROGUE/1 Mission to Kinshasa, December 1960
On 13 March 1975 a search of available documents was
made to determine the reason for comment in paragraph 2
of a 17 December . l960 cable from Leopoldville indicating
that WIROGUE/1 had attempted to recruit a European to be a
member .of: "an ex·ecution squad." The research did not clarify
this matter to any great extent, some assumptions
can be made on the basis of circumstantial evidence.
was an ethnic Q , recruited and trained
for the . program. Although born in the Soviet
Union, he moved to W when two years old. He
fought in and as of 1960 was
·. essentially s peripherally Hi th
he was sentenced to death by the t
1 berated by the..._.. in 1945 and returne o
By 1950 he had a._ bank of a sizea e
sum of money, receive a . prison and be released five
ears later for good behavior. He Has brought to the United
tatcs originally for usc as one of two for Project
He spoke n'at"ive fluent
and English. ·
· By 1960 the Agericy was involved in a reasonably major
effort to . resettle WIROGUE/1, possibly in._ for.the
missi on for Hhich he had be en brought to the United· States
had been WIROGUE/l's file iridicates thai as of
. 30 August steps \•Terc being t aken to resettle him in._
· HO\·tever , on·· l9 September. 1960 th'O members .of .Africa Division
met Hith him to discuss "an operational assignment in Africa
Division." In . connection \·lith this WIROGBE/1
was to be· trained in demolition$; small arms and medical
Plans to reset ·tle him in. I£ ,., er·c can-
celed. He wns provided a neH pseudonym and immunization
shots . In· October 1960 a cable to Lcopoldville s t atcd . that
E2 IMPDET
CL BY 018307
l5 g5r,

(A -rr r o ·   lf1J'18)
WIROGUE/1 was being prepared for deep cover assig11ment to
arrive Leopoldville late November. Headquarters noteJ  
intent to use him as utility· agent: in order t:o"(a) organize
and conduct a surveillance team; (b) intercept packages;
(c) blow up bridges; and (d) execute other assignment:s
rcqui. cing. positive action. <1His utilization is not to be
restricted t:o Leopoldville. Indeed, he may be subject to
call by other African stitions although it is expected for
nir,1 to be resident in Leopoldville." In this cable \'IIROGUE/1
was described correctly as.an inventor, photographer, archi-
tect, forger and former bank robber. He was judged to be
ingenuous, observant, shrewd, glib and one who relished
intrigue and daring. He .assessed as able to "learn
quickly and carry out any assignment without regard to
danger." As he \;as in the United States black, the plan
was for him to depart black, documented as an · · & '.
to surface in and from there to proceed on ·
his own to November 1960 "to prevent his
identification Hith the U.S. Government or and to·
preclude any unexpected recovery of his past which woufd
associate him with his pre- life" WIROG 1 under-
went plastic surgery to change the • He
was provided a toupee for constant wear and documented as
an who had never been to the United States. Cover
for his presence in Leopoldville was to be as ,
possibly that of A rather leng assess-
ment of his·character can be summed up by saying e Has
able to rationalize action if he had strong case offi-
cer direction. Training records for WIROGUE/1, subsequent
to his engagement by the Africa Division, indicate trainincr
only in SW. · · a
WIROGUE/1 in Leopoldville on 2 December 1960.
His case officer gave him the folloll· ·instructions: (a)
to build cover possibly by a and
(b) to try to spot persons for a team, ntel
assets, particularly in and para-military
assets. Almost immediat ran into QJJ'.'INt.i
who told the station that IROGUE/1 looked like an intel-
ligence agent. In to rcctuit for his
"execution squad·"; WIROGUE/1 exceeded his instructions to
avoid making approaches without checking with Leopoldvillc
station.
2
!
In January 1961 Leopoldville asked for authority to .
·permit I'JIROGUE/1 to so that the station
could be used for clandestine missions (the
reg 1stcred in YQCLN-1/ 1' s name) . Station ackn0\>1 edge'CI(I"i s-
advantage of crossing WIROGUE/1 and YQCLfu\l/1 operations
(YQCLN-1/1 \·:as never involved in sassination schemes).
Headquarters approved By 1961 WIROGUE/1
had obtained the osit to
Hi th the almost  
purpose ga ng intelli on the
._, By April 1961 the \'/ere attempting use
arms and instructors n B
April 1961 WIROGUE/1 was teaching the
although he himself had learn only severa
and lias manuals at night
to stay ahead of .his class. WIROGUE/1 departed
Leopoldville because he had run into difficulty obtaining
a residence permit. He was terminated in September 1961.
In a summary of his activity in August 1961, Leopoldville
Station said WIROGUE/1 knew very little about station activ-
ities.
It is the Hr{ter's opinion that WIROGUE/1 was recruited
for his Congo·assignment because of his third country nationil
background in order to establish a support mechanism
Leopoldville. At the time the Congo was in chaos,
had few asseti and there was some likelihood that 1tc
ical situation would degenerate quickly. The Station possibly
also wanted to have a latent para-military capabili t'f' and .
· IHROGUE/1' s background and previous training for --
program made him a suitable candidate. This is, of
conjecture. ·
Perhaps pertinent is an October 1964 assessment of
l'/IROGUE/1 Hho had been turned over to ..... for resettling
· Resettling him had turned out to be an enormous
October 1964 cable 11otes that WIROGUE/1 had
an intense desire for intelligence service .and enjoyed the
role of lower echelon action agent. Although he threatened
·to go to work for it was not believed that he•/-L .. s'·
Hould be indicated there
was 1 it tle flap potential with WI ROGUE/ 1 since he knew .1 i Ltle
3
; =
·.
~ ~ ... ~  
2bout the Agency. In particular, in the Conp,o he \·:as aHare
only of the COS's contact Hi th ·contact . "tiTROGUE/1 spent
most of his time try n s ~ to d"cvc l2Jl contacts and Has not
directly involved i n ~ n y .J?_ilrticular operation.
,.
. ..
4
' TO : Mr. W. C.
DAT E: 5/4/67
- Mr. Gale
FROM
: 1
D.
JOHN ROSELLI
ANTI-RACKETEERING
q /
The subject is a member of the Chicago "family
of La Cosa Nostra, who has their interests
in Las Vegas and on the west coast. previously hav
received information concerning past contacts between
Trotte r __ _
Tolo. Roo., _
HoiOioo __
Candy __ _
.. __ Jio§ <!_!.! '-               ___
Agency CIA • This was an whicn developea - ·
in connection w th C A's bortive te
J F


' /
-- .

-  
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Q

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C:; :.".:·: a::a
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.... • I

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cr.-;··

r:.-i

::.--::

_, Q..: t-
_,j L.J-1 -=C
< c:::l
For your information, Harvey, former BureauiAgent,
is curreotly on Sick Leave. At the termination this
If
, .. 1-
_ ..
leave, he goes into retirement. He, therefore, is essentially
separated from Agency employment. He did have contacts with
Roselli dur·i.og some of the( period that the Agency was
involved with the subject.
.I '
As previously pointed out, CIA is in an I
vulnerable position. Roselli and
,, ( I XEROX llfC· 8 9; ,' }.} (: _'l!l? tom: INTJED-OVER
. r... '> J •.• , , , t . lo!C----
llQ
!11 MAY 8 1967
\ -\ '\'>-
57 MAY 1
--_._ __ -

. .::-· .... -:-.· .. .......... ..... . - - .
TO
DATE: 2/13/68
..... n. ;,. Brennan, Jrj>(('l/
. c)
FROM
Col •---
Rou n ---
Sul h•an--
To•W'l---
Trotlor--
T• I• . Room-
Hoimu - -
Candy ---+-:
.blC.
JOHN \ossELLI
A.NTIRACK.ETEERI NG

··rf?
\
 
·- -
\
1filli4iii'· Birvey, Central Agency (CIA),
furnished the following to the Liaison Agent on
The subject has sent Harvey additional copies of
court papers which have been filed by Rosselli's lawyer. These
include "motions for discovery" and motion to quash on the basis
# of "constitutional question." Rosselli ••relJ transmitted the
aaterial and did not levy any requests who assumes
that Rosselli, at this point, is only keeping
Harvey informed •(\A.'
Harvey stated that he did not have any additional
information. Be advised that he has now officially established
his law office in the Investment Building, l511 K Street, N.W.,
phone RB 7-3838. He is the only one who occupies the
ted with ot

ACTION:
The above information is being directed to the
attention of the CriJilinal Intelligence and Organized Crime
Section of the .Special Investigative Division. '
- _ __,-
=-=-
-
.. · ·----....
r .
,
·1 1968 :
..
\
. . .
SAC, A! ...
(ATIN: SA
SA
UOSKIL
OOJ
( 00: l1IAHI)
P)

1'-.J
9/13/76
..
,.
Rcfcrer'!ce is to Bureau teletype to Ala=cEJ.Cdria
and Hi.runi, 8/30/76. ·; {;. . .'; ::
=egard to the Bureau's request of Alexandria
in referei.1C'1.:l tc;let:li?e eonce:-ninc JOhl1 ROSELLI's
in a Intelligence (CIA) plot to .s3Sa::)sinate
  Prc:!lier FIIiEL CAS1'RO, as it relates to t:litter,
a of the files of the CIA at 1-.LcLean, Virglnia, reveals
pertinent
A. The last knO\·m address or wereabouts of the
fo,_tr CIA iuvolved in the ROSE.l.l.I case es
1.
.-.. . . i':"'\

• "\
'-' ... , ..... ._..., - _..., .-'... .. . ......
...
I •
I ,- ..
I I -
__/
• I ., .
- .., - .
• ; . f •
J I ./
( 3) tnLLIR·t

a he!irt actack. \4\
B. The with identifying data of known Cnbcin
contacts of ROSELLI: ' ·

...
. '
ia(with attachment)
i? Z. ,w B t'Wt£:
(frtt.. "Jfi,
lTt. . rl1 .I


•.
. - '.·
• .... '
AX. 72-12
( 3) In .:;.dditic:1 to the ROSElli C<:'-:1t.oct t:{th
--iliJ..LIAH HARVEY hns reported that ROS!- lulu a man,
in ?fiam kr.o to HARVEY a" '1!\CEO "
also used tl:e n.:Jr:!e t; -o:m "".J • HAi:Vw V
1
>''-
was unable to lACED, who was descrLcd 8.S e Cuban
who spoke
C. The of any persons knoW!)- to have \;orked
with ROSELLI and their pre t ( (.(..J
( 1) R031:.
(as of Novc,rnber, 1975
(2)
- last knCim •
Vegas, Nevacla.(u..,
    - DeceasedfLl, U. -1-
2
I
' ... --·
·.
AX 72-12
( 5) EDWARD - the a_ttqrpey for ROSELLI
and MAHEU. MORGAN not aware of the operdtions et the
time they were on but \las later briefed by HAHEU
and probably by ROSELLI. Last known to be practicing law
in Washington, D. C. -{ "-t ! i
r
D. The namep of the CIA officials who 6Uthorized
the ROSELLI i ,
The authorization was given by DUllES, :.the
Director of CIA at the who was briefed and gave . ;
approval for the     lA.\ i · · : ·.
. I • .
E. The names and present location of any CIA
had personal concerning the ROSELLI
operation: 11/ .
___ /L ,
(1) Director of Central
deceased
(2) RICHARD
PJ ans resion_pd
\U. \ .
. J D\!..
(3) CHARLES - Deputy of
Intelligence - · '
(4) - Deput1 Director/Plans, DC!:-
currently U. s. Am as9eclor to Iran. {"'-' --
(5) - Director of Security -

F. There 19 no informntion available in CIA's
files revealing eny threats of ceath or violence to
pr any of the individuals involved in this
r.a.t ter.
I
'j,!D
p2r
JJ{ 72-12
. .
. . .. .... .
SE
above data there is attached
memorandum dated August 9,
" - furnished on - bP
r;: £   ~
.. -·--- --- -
--- ----
.>

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