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MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

MP3002/MP4102 - Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 1. A 25-kg mass is suspended from a spring with a modulus of 2N/mm, which is in turn suspended at its upper end from a thin steel cantilevered beam with a thickness of 3 mm, a width of 20 mm, and a length of 250 mm. Determine the natural frequency of the motion of the weight. [Steidel, Problem 2.6, page 49]

Hint: 1. Take the beam as spring and derive its spring constant. 2. Consider two springs connected in series. 3. Convert 2N/mm to 2000N/m.

Solution: For Beam:

For 2 springs in series,

Natural frequency

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

2. Determine the natural frequency of the horizontal pendulum shown. Neglect the

mass of the arm. [Steidel, Problem 2.31, page 65]

Hint: Newtons Law in Polar Coordinate

Natural frequency

3. The uniform wheel of mass m is supported in the vertical plane by the light flexible band ABC and the spring, which has a stiffness k. The wheel has a moment of inertia about the geometric center O, and rolls without slipping on the band ABC. Determine the natural frequency of the system. [Steidel, Problem 2.33, page 65]

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

Hint: 1. Apply Newtons Law in both Cartesian and Polar Coordinate 2. When the wheel rotates angle , the springs tail has a displacement of

Substituting T to equation (1),

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

4: In a ballistic pendulum an object of mass m is fired with an initial speed v0 at a pendulum bob. The bob has a mass M, which is suspended by a rod of length L and negligible mass. After the collision, the pendulum and object stick together and swing to a maximum angular displacement theta as shown. Find: 1) An expression for the maximum angle max, of the pendulum in terms of the initial speed v0 of the fired object or all of the variables m, M, L, and the gravity constant, g 2) An expression for the initial speed v0 of the fired object in terms of the maximum height h of the pendulum, or all of the variables.

By conversation of momentum:

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

This yield an initial value problem, (ODE) such that

Let assume a trial solution:

Substituting the initial condition yields

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

hence

The maximum angle happens while sin term is one.

The change in height

So

Substitute this into the solution above, we have

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

5: A mass m1 hangs from a spring k and is in static equilibrium. A second mass m2 drops from a height h and sticks to m2 without rebound, as shown in the figure. Determine the subsequent motion and plot the displacement of mass m1 over time.

Hint: 1. Apply conservation of momentum. 2. Using initial condition. Right before m2 hits m1,

Initial velocity when m1 and m2 contact,

Dynamic force equilibrium:

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)

MP3002/MP4012 Mechanics of Deformable Solids Tutorial 1 Free Vibration 2009/10 Semester 2

General Solution:

By solving this, we obtained

Prepared by: Zhao Shiyu (zhao0091@ntu.edu.sg)