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I2 Analyst Notebook viii Guidebook

A Visual Step tep by Step Guide of Intr Introductory oductory and Advanced Charting Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Techniques

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Tasking
To create a guidebook book for Professor Mulligan that demonstrates basic and advanced charting techniques in i2 Analyst Notebook 8. The guidebook is a summation of essential skills in i2’s Analyst Notebook 8 user guide. The purpose of this guidebook is to aid MCIIS students augment techniques taught in the Advanced Intelligence class.

Annex I: Written By Michael B. Gallagher Annex II & III: : Written By James E. Gallagher

Note
This is a wonderful example of planting a seed and getting out of the way to allow smart people to exceed expectati expectations. It began with a short discussion in the lab (where the Gallagers were helping some students with i2). I mentioned their unique position to create a “short” tutorial to help students become familiar with i2 and alleviate numerous frustrations in crea creating ting a basic link chart. They graciously agreed to put some of their thoughts and tips together for future students. I never imagined they would take the project to its present level of detail. Despite busy schedules, they voluntarily spent numerous hou hours creating an n extremely detailed (click-by(click click screenshots) guidebook to walk a new i2 user through the process of creating a link chart. And then they created addit additional sections outlining advanced features and capabilities . The result is an invaluable uable resource for any i2 user (from beginners to advanced analysts). I am proud of their product and thankful for the opportunity to play a small part in it. On behalf of all who will benefit from their effort I wish to express sincere gratitude.

Dan Mulligan

Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies

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Table of Contents

TASKING ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .............................................................................. 1 BACKGROUND ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 4 ANNEX I: INTRODUCTORY AND BASIC TECHNIQUES ................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................. 6
OPENING I2 ANALYST NOTEBOOK 8................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................... 8

PAGE AND PRINTER SETUP ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................... 9 SAVING ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 12 WHAT YOUR LINK CHART SHOULD HAVE BEFORE YOU BEGIN ................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 13 COUNTRY STUDY LINK CHART GRADING RUBRIC ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................ 13 DIFFERENT CURSORS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 15 OBJECTS AND LINKS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................. 16 ENTITY REPRESENTATIONS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 18 MORE CHART ITEMS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 19 MISCELLANEOUS TIPS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................... 20 USING THE EDIT BOX ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................... 22 EDITING AN ITEM’S TEXT................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 24 EDITING AN ITEM’S DESCRIPTION AND GRADE................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................. 25 EDITING AN ITEM’S TYPE (COLOR & SHADING) ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................... 26 EDITING AN ITEM’S DISPLAY ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 27 EDITING AN ITEM’S FONT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 30 OLE OBJECTS ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ..................................................................... 31 FINDING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES ON GOOGLE IMAGE ................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 37 COPYING AND PASTING IMAGES FROM ONLINE ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................... 41 SETTING IMAGES AS BACKGROUNDS................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 43 CREATING LINKS BETWEEN ITEMS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 47 CHANGING LINE COLOR, SIZE, ATTITUDE AND DIRECTION................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 49 UTILIZING MICROSOFT WORD 2007................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 51 ANNEX II: LAYOUTS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .................................................. 63

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WRITTEN INTELLIGENCE VS. VISUAL INTELLIGENCE ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 65 HOW TO LAYOUT YOUR LINK CHART ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 66 BASIC LAYOUT ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 66 TARGET CENTRIC LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 68 TARGET CENTRIC VS. HIERARCHY ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................ 69 TIME LINE LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .............................................................. 71 GEO-SPATIAL LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................... 73 IMAGE LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................... 75 LAYOUTS WITH MICROSOFT OFFICE 2007 ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................... 77 ANALYTICAL LAYOUTS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................................... 81 CIRCULAR CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 81 GROUPED CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 83 HIERARCHY CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................... 83 MINIMIZE CROSSED LINKS LAYOUT ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................... 86 ORGANIZATION LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. 86 COMPACT PEACOCK LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................... 89 PEACOCK CHART LAYOUT ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................... 89 ANNEX III: ADVANCED TECHNIQUES ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................ 86 THEME LINES ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................... 94 SETTING UP THEME LINES ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 94 CUSTOMIZING THEME LINES ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................ 100 ADDING AN EVENT FRAME TO YOUR CHART................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................ 101 CHANGING THE SEGMENT COLOR AND STRENGTH OF YOUR THEME LINE ................................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 106 IMPORTING DATA ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ .............................................................. 112 CHANGING THE LAYOUT OF THE DATA ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................... 126 SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................ 133 IMPORTING MORE ADVANCED WORKSHEETS ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................... 139 CONCLUSION ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 165 SOURCES ................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................... 166 PRIMARY CONTACT INFORMATION................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................ 172 SECONDARY CONTACT INFORMATION ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................... 173 I2 CONTACT INFORMATION ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................. 174
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Background
This guidebook is an attempt to summarize essential skills in i2’s Analyst Notebook 925 page user guide uide. The techniques in this guidebook are a small glimpse of what i2 Analyst Notebook 8 is capable of producing. A fledgling i2 user should not be bound to these steps when creating a presentable or analytical link chart. All of the steps in this handbook can be combined in several different ways. Steps from the Advanced Techniques Annex can be combined with steps from the Introductory ctory Techniques Annex and vice versa.

Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies 3928 Wayne Street Erie, PA 16546 http://www.mciis.org/
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Annex I

Introductory and Basic Techniques
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Opening i2 Analyst Notebook 8

Step 1
(1) Click Start (2) Then click All Programs (3) Then click i2. Next click i2 Analyst Notebook 8 (4) Finally, click i2 Analyst Notebook 8.
2

3

1

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Page and Printer Setup
A crucial skill to making good link charts is using a given amount of space efficiently. The he analyst must designate what is important and set aside the required space for it. The mo most difficult aspect of creating a link chart is to o effectively use the space to create a visually aesthetic chart that is easy to follow while accurately portraying intelligence. Therefore, when preparing to create a link chart, it is recommended that the first step is to setup the page area. The reason for this is so the analyst identifies available workspace for the link chart. Note: setting up the page will also set up the correct printer destination.

Step 1
(1) Click File in the upper right hand corner (2) Then click Page Setup

1

2

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Step 2
Note: These steps are required for large (plotter size) link charts. The page setup box will appear. Click Printer Setup to select the proper printer.

Step 3
Select Printer \\CLASSIFIED CLASSIFIED\MCIISPRO5.

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Step 4
Select paper size ANSI E and click OK.

Step 5
The page border will appear and the analyst can begin populating the page space.

Objects in here

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Saving
WARNING: i2 often tends to freeze up, which requires the analyst to close i2 and reboot it, losing any information that was placed in i2 from the last saving point. Saving is an extremely important part of working with i2. . Save constantly and correctly. Click the symbol on the top left hand side, fill the appropriate information and save in the desired location. Save in at least three different locations.

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The 7 central Node (The pink terrorism box) provides a more target centric model. In this example, all aspects of Afghanistan are influenced by AlQaida and other terrorist organizations.
th

Title

What Your Link Chart Should H Have Before You Begin

Administrative Information

Tasking

Analytical Findings

Link analysis of structure, function, and process

Legend
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Country Study Link Chart Grading Rubric

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Different Cursors
There are two cursor options within i2, , and each serve a different purpose. Confusion in cursors can lead an analyst to believe his or her chart is frozen, causing much unneeded frustration.

Drag Chart: This cursor will
drag the chart for viewing purposes. This is used for viewing the chart and will not change an object’s location or state.

Select/Move: This cursor will select objects and move the objects as the analyst wishes. This is used for creating and editing charts.
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Objects and Links
Once the page is setup, various objects (i.e. icons, pictures, boxes, circles, links, titles, legends, etc…) can be selected and placed onto the page. Furthermore, links inks can be established between objects to show relationships and relevance.

Icons

Step 1
Click the button on the top right hand corner to view icons.

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Step 2
Click on the desired icon and drag it onto the page. Note: The icons must be set to common (indicated by the add chart items box on right).

Step 3
To select from more objects, click the on the top right. To find more objects click the search or click all entity types.

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Entity Representations
Representation Add Chart Items Task Bar Button Example

ICON THEME LINE EVENT FRAME BOX CIRCLE TEXT BLOCK OLE OBJECT
Piece of text
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LABEL

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More Chart Items
Once the page is established, , various objects (i.e. icons, pictures, boxes, circles, links, titles, legends, etc…) can be selected and placed onto the page. Refer to the page numbers to learn more about the objects.

Event Frame
Page 101

Circle

Icon

OLE Object (Pictures)
Page 31

Theme Line
Page 100

Box

Text Block

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Miscellaneous Tips the Each item will have an n identity (circled in red). To move the identity around the item, simply press and hold (ALT) key and click the identity and drag to the desired location.

Hold

and Drag

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To move multiple items together, , click and highlight the items completely and the item item’s identities will shade black. Simply click and drag one of the items which will in turn drag all the selected items along with it.

Drag and release your cursor here.

Place the cursor on a location outside the area you want to encapsulate within the square. Left click and hold down to draw your square. Drag the cursor to the other end of the Meeting 1 box. Lastly, release your cursor (The left click).

Place the cursor rsor on a highlighted area, left click, and drag.

Drag

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Using the Edit Box
All chart items can be edited by double clicking on the item or by right clicking and selecting “edit item properties properties.” Once the edit box comes up a plethora of options are available to the analyst. Edits can be made to the object’s color, size, font, te text, and more.

Double Click

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Possible Entity Information (Displayed Below the Entity)

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Theme Line (Refer Refer to Annex III)

Pin

Label

Available Fields

Description Source Type Source Reference Grades Date & Time

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Editing An Item’s Text

Edit an items Identity

No two items can have the same identity. To overcome this, select this box and fill the desired item’s name in the box labeled “labels”

Enter desired name for item after selecting the check box from above.

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Note: References are required

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Editing An Item’s Description & Grade

Students should place their URL source under the REFERENCE box. If students have more than one URL source, place the main URL source in the Reference box, and paste the remaining URL sources under the DESCRIPTION box.

The analyst can enter a description of the item and/or use this area for sourcing. Grades Source

Grade A-E

Where the item’s info came from (i.e. Informant, record, victim, witness, officer, etc…)

Grade 1-5

Classification (i.e. top secret, secret, unclassified, etc…)

Reference the item’s source. This can be done either by URL or reference document on drive.

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Editing An Item’s Type (Color, Size, Shading, & More)

Select to change item’s size to desired proportions. pr

Select pull down list to order items by type. By selecting color the items color may be changed.

Select color to desired shading for Item. This will shade an icon, NOT a text box, box or a circle.

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Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart.

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Editing An Item’s Display
If one wants to display information regarding the item below the icon, then this feature would ould be used. Displayed information includes date & time, description, grades, ades, labels, pin, source reference and source type.

Date & Time: Displays date & time which is entered in the “Data” folder above the “Style” folder. Date & Time: Displays date & time which is entered in the “Data” folder, which is above the “Style” folder.

Description: A description of the item. The description is entered in the “Data” folder.

Description: & Grades: This is where the description, along with grades, classification, source type and reference can be entered.

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Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart.

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Grades: Entered under the description and grade section of the “Data” folder.

Grades: Shows the items grades, which include grade 1 (A-E), grade 2 (1-5), 5), and grade 3 (classification).

Label: The items label (or identity) Label: Entered under the identity section of the “Data” folder.

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Note: This is optional and not necessary when making a presentable link chart.

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Pin: connects items to theme lines (theme lines are timelines. This is discussed in Annex III (page #).

Source Reference & Type: Shows the Items source/reference (can be either URL or document from drive). Source Type shows where the source came from (Informant, intelligence, officer, fficer, witness, victim, etc…). Source Reference & Type: can be entered in the description and grades section of the “Data” folder.

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Editing An Item’s Font

This font area operates much like Microsoft word would and is self explanatory. The font changes font, font style changes style (bold, italics, etc…), size changes font size, color changes font color and shading highlights the font.

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OLE Objects
OLE Objects are, for the most part, images. Videos can be added to the link chart through this object (Media Clip). There are many ways to add images to i2. We e will explore some of those ways.

OLE Objects As with the icons, simply click and drag any of these objects. It is n not relevant which one is chosen chosen. The only difference is the label will be different (label can be changed or erased).

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When the object is clicked and dragged onto the screen, this “insert object” box b appears. From here a plethora of options are available. Only the key points will be discussed. Also, if an n image is saved on the computer’s drive, the image may be placed with the “create from file” feature.

Selecting this will allow the analyst to upload their images from the computer or a flash drive.

The results area of the “Insert Objects” box will show the results of each section.

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P a g e | 33 Select “Bitmap Image.” A Microsoft paint window will come up. Images can be pasted in and with the editing tools of paint the picture can be formatted or simply left alone. Exit the paint window and the image will appear on i2. . Images can also simply be drawn on Paint and brought to i2 by exiting the paint window.

Once the image is inserted into word and formatted to the analyst’s needs, simply exit the paint window and the image will appear on i2.

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Once the image is in it can be edited just like any other item, by double clicking on the object.

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The “create from file” selection can be used to import images from the computer’s (or network) drive into i2.

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Select the desired image.

Click OK and the image will appear on the i2 sheet.

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Finding High Resolution Images on Google Images

Go To http://www.google.com/ and click Images

Type in Key Word

Click Search Images

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Click Large. This will refine your image search to only large, high resolution images.

After clicking Large, high resolution images will appear.

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Use these Additional options to further refine your search

Refer to next page for information regarding theme colors.
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To find pictures to match a certain color theme for your report or link chart, use this feature

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Copying and Pasting Images from online – The Easiest Way to Place Pictures From m Online To i2

Go online and find desired picture, right click on picture picture, and select “copy “copy.”

Select “Edit” on the tool bar and click “Paste Special…”

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Simply select “OK” Simply select “OK.”

Commence editing picture as desired.

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Setting Images as Backgrounds
Setting images (or any other i2 object) as a background can be very beneficial. Backgrounds can be set in order to prevent the items from falling behind other items. For this example, we will be using two maps, which h will be set as backgrounds so icons and links can be placed over them (geo-spacial spacial layout; Pag Page 73).

Both pictures are currently not backgrounds a and able to be moved. The first step will be to select both images by holding Ctrl and clicking both images.

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Click on View and select Make Background. The images are now a background and other objects are ready to be laid over the images.

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Example of Entities in Front of a Background

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Afghanistan

Pakistan

The chart items remain over the background and will not fall to back if the picture where still an image instead of a background.

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To Change or Modify Background Images (Bring Background to Front)

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Afghanistan

Pakistan

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Creating Links Between Items
Once chart items are established, links can be made between items to show relation, flow, or relevance.

Creates link between two items.

Inserts corners on already established links. Changes link’s color and name without having to double click to open editing box.

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Click, place crosshair over the item and click on the item. Click the second desired item.

Multiple links can be established between items. Furthermore, the links can be edited to show direction and color and thickness can be changed. The number of links can be shown to reflect the strength of the relationship.
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Changing Link Color, Size, Attitude, & Direction
To change color, select “color” under the palette and a list of colors will appear.

Confirmed creates a smooth line, unconfirmed creates a dashed line, and an tentative creates a dotted line.

Increases line thickness, ranges from 1-32.

Changes links into arrows which shows direction.

If one wanted to change the top six links at once, start by holding down the “Ctrl” key and selecting the top six links. Doub Double le click one of the links and bring up the edit box, the select “Type” under the “style “style”, ”, then “Links” folder. Here we can change the links width, strength (dotted & dashed lines), color, and direction.
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Links showing all four described changes.

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Utilizing Microsoft Word 2007 in i2
Microsoft Word 2007 offers a plethora of visual fe features atures that allow for most, if not all shapes, nodes, arrows, titles, legends, etc…, to be made on word and placed on i2 as a background where other i2 objects can be layered over the background. Microsoft excel charts can be utilized the same way as word graphics. Below are a few examples of link charts that utilize Microsoft Word and Excel 2007.

*Note: i2 does not have the color orange for arrows or shape outline.
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This chart illustrates how Microsoft smart art and excel graphs can be utilized to visually present information with features and shapes that i2 does not offer. These features include thick, gradient arrows that bend smoothly. Smooth gradient arrows are mo more aesthetically pleasing to the human eye. i2’s ’s bend link feature tends to bend abruptly. The only parts of this chart that did not derive from Microsoft word are the information within the 10 circles surrounding the Salix node.

Template for i2 created using Microsoft Word 2007. Other Microsoft word items where added separately to the chart along with other excel chart items.

The final i2 chart once the template was populated with the proper information using i2 chart items.

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Using Microsoft Word 2007’s smart chart and shape features, this template was created and then turned to a JPG file via screen shot.

Vs.

The image was set as a background (page 43) and the appropriate i2 objects were placed within the designated nodes and links were created. This creates an extremely visual chart with flowing, gradient colored arrows.

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The three main features used to create templates to insert into i2 are “Shapes”, “Smart Art”, and “Word Art.” Basic templates can be created using strictly shapes. However, for more advanced visual templates, , “Smart Art” should be used. “Word Art” is used strictly for creating text that can bend. This enables the bent text to be placed over a bent arrow.
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To insert a shape, click on the desired shape, and with the crosshair on the sheet, create the desired proportions for the shape. In our example here we are using a rectangle. To add text into the rectangle, simply right click on the rectangle and select “Edit Text.”

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Select multiple shapes and use the align feature to perfectly align the shapes.

Fills the shape with the desired color. Furthermore, the shape’s color can be made gradient. This can be used effectively with arrows.

Changes the shape’s border/outline color and thickness. Can also make the shape’s outline dashed.

Gives the shape a shadow. Also note the 3-d d effects on the right of the shadow effects feature.

The “bring to front” and “send to back” selections are very important in layering objects over one another. For example, this shape (the one you are reading in) is in “front” of the picture behind it.

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Note: The arrows on this page were made with Smart Art

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Example of Smart Art Graphics

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Click OK

Click the “Word Art” icon and choose the desired text type (a simple font is preferred). Once the font type is chosen, enter the desired text.

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Drag

Once the desired text is entered, text wrap the text to be in front of text and bend the word as needed to fit the grade of the curved shape or arrow.

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The word art is now over the arrow. The analyst is ready to take a print screen, crop the image in paint and copy and paste it into i2.

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Annex II

Layouts
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Written Intelligence vs. Visual Intelligence
A link chart is a tool to visually y convey information or intelligence to a decision maker (DM). Most DMs don’t want lenghty reports. Sometimes, DMs may not have time to read your report. A link chart offers the solution to this problem. A link chart substitutes written information with visual information. Furthermore, a link chart aids in visually map mapping ing ideas, easily conveying information and visually helping to close intelligence gaps. A link chart is a great tool because it takes large amounts of information and visually and accurately depicts it onto to one sheet. A link chart can also identify patterns in data that might be missed using other analytical approaches. Furthermore, the advance advanced d charting techniques will reduce the time spent on analysis and deliver rich, actionable intelligence. During the analysis process, analysts have several different analytical models at their disposal. Because ecause one model does not work for every problem. The model that works best for a certain problem is the one the analyst should use. The same is true about link charts. There are several different approaches to making a link chart. These approaches come in the form of different types of layouts. The layout the analyst will use depend depends on the problem, the amount of space provided, and whether or not the analyst is making the chart for presentation or analysis. If the analyst is making a chart with the inte intent nt to print it, then space becomes a factor. If printing is not a factor, then the analyst does not have to take space into consideration. Note: Why space is a facor to take into consideration is discused on page nine of this guidebook.

From Written to Visual

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How to Layout your Link Chart
Depending on the problem, and possibly the amount of space, there are several ways to layout your link chart. These layouts are described in detail throughout this section.

Basic Layout
The Basic layout is the term used for the most rudimentary layout for a link chart. This approach simply populates the chart with boxes that will be used to categorize information. Next, the relevant information can then be placed into the appropriate boxes in the link chart. After this, information in the chart can then be linked to one another in terms of their relevance. relevance This approach is good for learning how to make a link chart, but is not the most effective method for analyzing information or int intelligence. elligence. This is because the information is not layed out in an “objective orientated” manner; ; the information is scattered rather than targeted at an objective, goal, or intelligence gap.

Legend

Title

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Example of a Basic Layout

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Target Centric Layout
The Target Centric layout is one of the most effective la layouts for a link chart. In the Target Centric layout, layout the target (the center) is usually the problem (the the requirment or the intelligence gap that you are trying to solve). The book that best justifies the reason for why intel analysts should think “target centric” is Intelligence Analysis; A Target-Centric Centric Approach by Robert Clark. Clark describes how some of the most common intelligence ntelligence failures are associated with the traditional Intelligence Cycle, which is either a linear process or a cycle. The target centric apporach is an “objective orientated” view of the intelligence process; it is neither a linear process nor is it a cycle.

Legend

Title

Target

Target

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Target Centric vs. Hierarchy
Compared to the traditional hierarchical layout, the target centric layout is vastly superior. The hierchal layout connects all of the entities to the leader at the top of the chart. Though this layout is good for connecting entities to the leader, it doesn’t show how the entities are connected to each other. The target centric layout demonstrates how all of the entities are interrelated to each other, and to the leader. An example of this was when Colonel James Hickey (US Army) asked his analysts to make a network diagram of people in Saddam Hussein’s regime. The network diagram was to show who these people were and how they relate to each other. Unlike the traditional hierarchical layout (where where the leader is at the ve very top), the network diagram created for COL Hickey had Saddam Hussein at the very center (target centric). The network diagram closed se several intelligence gaps for COL Hickey. Furthermore, analysts discovered additional information that a hierarch chical layout would not reveal.

Hierarchy vs. Target Centric

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Saddam Hussein Network Diagram

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Example of a Target Centric Layout

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Time Line Layout
The “Time Line” layout is the most effective layout to analyze data involving time, or a sequence of events. Timeline charts show a chronology of events over a period of time— —for example, a series of phone calls or transactions. These iteams have controlling items: date and time. This method of charting is described in detail in Annex III: Advanced Techniques.

January

February

March

April

May

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Example of Time Line Layout

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Geo-Spatial Layout
The “Geo-Spatial” layout is most effective at conveying information or intelligence on a map or several maps layered together. This layout can be used to visually illustrate the movement of money transactions, materials materials, or persons on a map. When using this layout, the map will be set as a background so that other objects do not fall behind the image (how ow to make images background is described in Annex II: Introductory Techniques Techniques). After the map is set as a background, i2 objects can then be layered over the map.

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Example of Geo Geo-Spatial Layout

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Image Layout
The Image Layout is an efficient layout to analyze complicated images, blue prints, crime scenes and other imgaes.

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Example of an Image Layout

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Layouts with Microsoft Office 2007
These layouts are made with Microsoft Office 2007 Smart Charts and other shapes found on Microsoft Office. These layouts can range from processes to target centric models. The user is not limited to using Microsoft Office’s Smart Charts. Shapes from Microsoft office can be used to customize whatever layout the user wants to create.

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Example of a Layout with Microsoft Office

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Example #2 of a Layout with Microsoft Office

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Example #3 of a Layout with Microsoft Office

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Analytical Layouts

The analytical layouts on i2 are premade, and can most effectively be utilized when importing data into i2. i2’s premade analytical layouts help organize data and the way you want it to appear on i2. . This is one of the more complex features of i2, and is described in detail in Annex III: Advanced Techniques. There are seven different analytical layouts in i2, , which are described below.

Circular Chart Layout
This layout places objects along the outside of the circle in alphabetical order.

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Example of a Circular Chart Layout

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Grouped Chart Layout
This layout arranges entities that are common members of two or more groups, and places those entities in the center of the chart. Other entities that have only one link are fanned outward, away from the center.

Hierarchy Chart Layout
This layout places the most relevant entities at the top of the chart. Less relevant entities are placed below the more relevant entities.

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members of two or more groups are placed around the circle

The entities that only

have one common link are fanned out away from the center

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Example of a Grouped Chart Layout

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Example of a Hierarchy Chart Layout

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Minimize Crossed Links Layout
This layout places the icons on the chart and minimizes the amount of crossed over links.

Organization Layout
This layout organizes items in order of entity connections or by selecting any entity as the starting point.

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Example of Minimize Crossed links Layout

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Example of Organization Layout

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Compact Peacock Layout
This layout arranges entities with the most degrees (links) as small targets on the chart. Other entities that share link(s) with these entities are fanned outward, away from the center of each main entity.

Peacock Chart Layout
This layout is very similar to the Compact Peacock Layout.

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Example of Compact Peacock Layout

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Example of Peacock Chart Layout

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Annex III

Advanced Techniques
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Page Left Blank Intentionally

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Theme Lines
Theme Lines are the most powerful analytical layout to use when analyzing events that involve time. Setting up the basics for a theme line is not difficult, and many of the same steps are similar to the ones we learned in the introductory annex.

Setting up the Time Line

Step 1
Click the Time Line button in the menu bar at the top of the page. Clicking this will setup the time line

Step 2
After step one, the Time Line can be seen at the top of the page

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Customizing the Time Line

Step 1
Double Click the Time Line on the chart, and the Chart Properties Box will pop up

Chart Properties Box

Note: The chart properties box will change the color of the time line, as well as what you want it to show. The Chart Properties Box will allow you to hide certain dates and/or tick marks.

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Step 2: Select Background Color
1)Click the Scroll down Button under Background Color. The color box will pop up (2)You may then pick your color (for this example, the color GOLD was selected. For a custom color, click custom at the bottom of the box (3) After you have selected your color, click the OK button
Make sure you’re on Display 1

1 2 3

The Background color is now gold.

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Step 3: Select Interval Color
(1) Under Display, Click Interval Font (2) Then click Shading (3) Select your color. This will Change the background color of the uppermost date (in the example, it is “Friday January, 2nd 2009”). For this example, we’re going to match the Shading color to the Background color (GOLD). For more colors, Click Custom… located at the bottom of the color box (4) To change the Font color of the area that we are shading, click the scroll down button (on top of Shading). Select color

1

4 2

3

The shading color now matches the background.

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Step 4: Select Shading Color for Tick Marks
(1)Under Interval Font, Click Tick Font (2) Click Shading (3) Select your color. This will Change the background color of the uppermost date (in the example, it is “6:00AM, 9:00AM, ect.”). For this example, we’re going to match the Shading color to the Background color (GOLD). For more colors, Click Custom… located at the bottom of the color box. (4) To change the Font color of the area that we are shading, click the scroll down button (on top of Shading). Select color.

1

4 2

3

The time line is now all one color.

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Step 5: Changing Tick Mark Colors
(1)Under Time Bar, Click Display (2) Then click the scroll down Button next to Line Color, (There are two line colors, the top changes the color of the top tick mark, while the bottom line color changes the color of the bottom tick mark) (3) Select your color(in the example, its WHITE). This will Change the background color of the uppermost date (in the example, it is “6:00AM, 9:00AM, ect.”). For more colors, Click Custom… located at the bottom of the color box.

1 2

3

3

The tick marks are now all white.

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Adding a Theme Line to your Chart

Step 1
(1) Click the Theme Line button from the Add Chart Items. After clicking the Theme Line button, click the icon that you want your theme line to represent (To choose from other icons, click the Scroll Down button to choose from more icons. (2) In this example, we are choosing the Male icon. (3)After selecting the Theme Line with your selected icon, click anywhere on the page to enter the Theme Line.
Click anywhere in the page to insert theme line

1 Click this button to select more icons 3

2

Step 2
The Theme Line is now on the page.

Note: For the next example, we will have two Theme Lines on the page, to demonstrate more advanced techniques.

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Adding an Event Frame to your Chart

Step 1
We have two Theme Lines set up on the page. We are now going to enter one of the most fundamental parts of a theme line, an event frame.
1 Click this button to select more icons

3

Click anywhere in the page to insert Event Frame

2 Click Account icon

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After you drop the event frame into the sheet, it will appear. The next step is to link the event frame to the theme line.

Step 2

(1) Click the Insert Link button on the menu tab. (2) Draw the link from the event frame box (3) to Elizabeth’s Theme Line.

1

Drag the end of the link onto the Theme Line and release the left click 3

2

Draw link from anywhere in the Event Frame, to the line of the Theme Line

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Step 3
This depression in the Theme Line towards the event frame box is called Theme Line Wiring. This is utilized in i2 to connect several theme lines into one event frame. When several theme lines divert into one event frame, it means that those theme lines have that particular event frame in common. This is a visually aesthetic way to connect theme lines together.

Draw link from anywhere in the Event Frame, to the line of Jake’s Theme Line

1

To connect Jake’s theme line to the “account 2” event frame, do the same steps that we followed in step 2. Draw a link from the “account 2” event frame (1), to Jake’s theme line(2).

2

Drag the end of the link onto the Theme Line

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Step 4
We now have both theme lines diverted into the event frame that they both had in common. (1) If the analyst does not want the theme lines to divert, they can easily do this by right clicking on the event frame. (2) If you choose to un-divert all the theme lines, click on Divert Theme Line. (3) Click No Theme Lines. This will undivert the theme lines.

Right Click anywhere in the event frame 1

2

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Step 5
(1) If you wish to divert all the theme lines back to the event frame, right click the event frame and click All Theme Lines. (2) If you choose to divert or un-divert selected theme lines, click on “Jake” or “Elizabeth”. (3) When there is a check next to the name of the event frame, it is diverted into the event frame.

Right Click anywhere in the event frame 1

3

2

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Changing the Segment Color and Strength of your Theme Line

Step 6
Changing the color of theme lines between entities is crucial when trying to convey to the decision maker that an event is important, or uncertain that it may have even occurred. For example, a red theme line shows importance, while a broken red theme line shows that an event is unconfirmed, or tentative.

We want to change the line between Elizabeth and Account 2 to a red broken line

(1) Double click

(1) To change the color of a theme line (we’ll use Elizabeth’s theme line as an example), double click the theme line that you want to change the color. The edit box will pop up.

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Step 7
Click Segments on the side ribbon, and then look at Elizabeth’s row and click the draw down arrow on color. Select red. Then click the drop down arrow on strength, and select the broken line. Lastly, click OK. (1) Click Segments. (2) Click Elizabeth’s row. (3) Click both of the draw down arrows. Select red for color, and unconfirmed for strength. (4) Click OK.
Click OK when done 4 1

2

3

3

Click the draw down arrow to select the color (red in this example) and click the draw down arrow for strength (unconfirmed in this example) to make the line broken.

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Step 8
We have now shown that Elizabeth and Account 2 are unconfirmed events. To draw links between theme lines, follow the steps below. (1) Click on the Insert Link button. (2) Click on the first theme line (Elizabeth’s) (3) Lastly, drag the link to the second theme line (Jake’s).

1

2

Click here and drag down to Jake’s Theme Line

3

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Step 9
We now have a link between Elizabeth’s theme line and Jake’s theme line.

Note: The steps we discussed are the simple components to creating theme lines. Utilizing these components, we can go on to create a timeline analysis, utilizing several theme lines and event frames that are interconnected, either with links or diversions. The analyst can also utilize the basic skills describe in Annex I (i.e. drawing links and importing images), and incorporate them into creating a timeline analysis. ANY i2 object can have a link drawn to it from an event frame or a Theme Line.

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Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example #1 of a Time Line Analysis (Example from i2)

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Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies Example #2 of a Time Line Analysis (Example from i2)

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Importing Data
Importing data from Microsoft oft Excel work worksheets or from other delineated files is the most powerful capability that i2 Analyst Notebook 8 has to offer. The introductory techniques in Annex I teach us how to make a “pretty poster” where information and/or intelligence can be visually displayed. i2’s ’s true power is to view large amounts of data from an excel worksheet, worksheet and connect the pieces of data from the excel worksheet onto an automatically generated link chart. Furthermore, the analyst can periodically import several excel worksheets into a link chart. i2 also possesses several analytical layouts and tasks, which we will go over in the latter part of this annex.

Step 1
Have an excel spreadsheet ready to import into i2. Make sure to have the common information on your worksheet in columns, NOT ROWS. For example, have all of the names in one column, all the phone numbers in another column, etcetera. Before you can import the excel document into i2, you MUST close the excel document, or else the import will not work. Note: In this example, we are not using the other types of delineated files that can also be used to import data into i2. We are only using Microsoft Excel.

The list of Sellers

Relationships

The list of Buyers

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Step 2
(1) Click the Data button on the ribbon (2) Click the Import from File… button

1

2

Step 3
A browser box will pop up. Select the Excel document that you want to import. For this example, the name of our excel document is Cocaine_dealers_example.xlsx. Double-click on the file to import it.

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Step 4
The Edit Import Specification Box will appear after you double click the excel document you want to import. At the bottom of the box, select the worksheet from the Excel workbook that you want to import. (1) In our example, we have only one worksheet to choose from. Click the Cocaine Purchases worksheet. (2) Click Next >.

1

2

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Step 5
The next page will allow us to choose a header row and exclude extra rows that we don’t want in our import. These rows are usually at the beginning of the excel worksheet and are superfluous to our information. (1) To select a header row, click the header row (it should turn blue like in the example to the right). (2)Next, click the Set header Row button. The row will automatically be extracted. We don’t have any other rows to exclude, but to do so, check the Extract column headers row box and type in the number of rows you want to exclude. (3) Click Next >.

2

1

3

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Step 6
This section allows us to format the information so that it is uniform throughout the Excel worksheet. If information is not uniform, i2 may miss-categorize information, and the analysis will be skewed. For example, if two phone numbers from different excel worksheets are similar, but the format is different, i2 will not make the connection. (Example: (240)-432-3489 vs. 240.432.3489). For the sake of simplicity, we will skip this process. Make sure when importing several excel worksheets that the formatting is uniform throughout. (1) Click Next>.
1

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Step 7
This is a crucial step of the importing process. (1) For our example, we will select Association Chart. We are selecting this because in our data we have more than one association (In our Excel worksheet, we have two recipients). (2) Click Next >. Note: When importing others types of information, we can select the layout that is best suited for the task. For example, when importing Excel worksheets with phone numbers, selecting Network of Telephone calls is the correct layout. Or, if analyzing the chronological order of telephone calls, Sequence of Telephone calls is the correct layout.

1 2

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Step 8
In this step, we will drag the rows into their respective links or entities. (1) Click and drag down the Sellers Name row. (2) Hold down the left click on the mouse and drag the row (which is the mouse cursor) on top of one of the empty circles. (3) Release the left click on the mouse when the cursor is over the circle. When the red circle next to the entity disappears, the row is in the entity.
3 1 Click and Drag the Sellers Name row into the entity. 2

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Step 9
Repeat step 8. (1) Click and drag down the Buyer Names row.
1

(2) Hold down the left click on the mouse and drag the row (which is the mouse cursor) on top of one of the empty circles.
2

Click and Drag the Buyer Names row into the entity.

(3) Release the left click on the mouse when the cursor is over the circle. When the red circle next to the entity disappears, the row is in the entity.

3

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Step 10
Repeat step 9. (1) Click and drag down the Relationship row. This row will be placed in the link that connects our Sellers row to our Buyers row. (2) Hold down the left click on the mouse and drag the row (which is the mouse cursor) on top of the empty link. (3) Release the left click on the mouse when the cursor is over the empty link.
3

1

Click and Drag the Buyer Names row into the entity. 2

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Step 11
We now have all of our data where it needs to be. (1) To set the direction of the links so that they go from Sellers Name to Buyer Names, Click on the Relationship Link. (2) Then click the grey box on the row that says Direction. An edit box will then appear (step 12).

2

1

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Step 12
(1) Click the drop down arrow. (2) Then click Icon 1 to 2. This will show the cocaine moving from the seller (icon 1) to the buyer (icon 2). (3) Click OK.

3 1 2

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Step 11
Our data is finally ready to import. (1) Click Next.

1

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Step 12
A cover page will appear. You can write your Subject, Author, Comments and other information. You can also change the initial layout that you want your information to be viewed. In this example, we’re using the Peacock Chart Layout, which is the default layout for importing. (1) Click Import when finished.

Click Change… to change the initial layout of your import

Note: The cover page will appear when a user opens your i2 link chart. The user can see the subject, know who the author is and read additional comments.
1

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Step 13
The import is complete. (1) Click Close.

1

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Changing the Layout of the Data
Once the data is imported onto the chart, the analyst can begin to identify patterns in the data that may be missed when using other analytical approaches. To help view the data, the analyst can choose from an assortment of diffe different rent layouts that were discussed in the introduction of this guidebook. Grouped Chart Layout
Page 83

Organization Layout
Page 86

Circle Chart Layout
Page 81

Peacock Chart Layout
Page 89

Hierarchy Chart Layout
Page 83

Minimize Crossed Links Layout
Page 86

Compact Peacock Layout
Page 89

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Step 1
1

If the analyst does not like the initial layout that i2 gives after the import process (initial layout is Peacock Chart Layout), the analyst can change the layout. Let’s try the Compact Peacock layout.

(1) Click the Compact Peacock layout button.

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Step 2
Let’s try Organization Layout.

1

(1) Click the Organization Layout Button.

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Step 3
Let’s try Minimize Crossed Links layout.
1

(1) Click the Minimize Crossed Links layout Button.

Note: This layout best demonstrates what the analyst is trying to convey to the decision maker. We will come back to this layout after we try the rest of the layouts.

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Step 4
Let’s try Grouped Chart layout.

1

(1) Click the Grouped Chart layout Button.

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Step 5
The last layout is the Circular Chart Layout.

1

(1) Click the Circular Chart Layout Button.

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Step 6
This is the last layout.

We will now go back and look at the data using the Organization Layout and learn how to use the Social Network Analysis feature on i2.

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Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis is a new feature in i2 Analyst Notebook 8 that finds the Betweenness, Degree, Closeness, and the number of links entering or leaving an entity.

Betweenness: Find the gatekeeper entities who may control information flow between different parts of the network Closeness: Find the entities who may have the best access to other parts of the network and visibility of activities within the rest of the network Degree: Find the entities that may be the most active in the network based on the number of direct links to other entities entities.

Step 1
On the task orientated toolbar, (1) Click Analytical Tasks (2) Click Social Network Analysis Note: For this example, we are using the Organization Layout.
1

2

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Step 2
The options tab will pop up. (1) Check all of the options (Betweenness, Closeness, Degree and Link Direction). (2) Click the Results tab.
1 2

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Step 3
(1) Under the Results tab, click Calculate: Betweenness, Closeness & Degree. After a few seconds, the results will be displayed in the row. (2) Click the Show Results on Chart button to display the results on the chart. Note: To remove the results from the chart, click the Delete Results from Chart button.
Results will be displayed here 1

To remove results from chart, click this button

2

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Step 4
(1) To view all of the results, extend the scroll bar to the left.

Note: The first four names with the highest scores were color coded to more easily show their position on the chart.

(1)

Click and drag to the left

Results

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By clicking on the name of a buyer or seller, i2 will automatically move that name to the center of the chart to be viewed. By analyzing the results from the social analysis, we can observe that RUIZ, Pablo is the lead supplier in this drug organization.

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This is the final Product. The top four sellers with the highest scores have color coded icons and links to their buyers.

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Importing More Advanced Worksheets
This Excel worksheet is an example of a more complicated importing process. R Rather ather than having two associates like we did in the last import, we now have three; one grant maker, a primary recipient and a secondary recipient.

Step 1
Have an excel spreadsheet ready to import into i2. Make sure to have the common information on your worksheet in columns, NOT ROWS. For example, have all of the names in one column, all the phone numbers in another column, etcetera. Before you can import the excel document into i2, you MUST close the excel document, or else the import will not work. Note: In this example, we are not using the other types of delineated files that can also be used to import data into i2. We are only using Microsoft Excel.

The list of grant makers

The primary recipients and amounts received

The secondary recipients and amounts received

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Step 2
(2) Click the Data button on the ribbon (2) Click the Import from File… button

1

2

Step 3
A browser box will pop up. Select the Excel document that you want to import. For this example, the name of our excel document is i2example.xlsx. Double-click on the file to import it.

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Step 4
The Edit Import Specification Box will appear after you double click the excel document you want to import. At the bottom of the box, select the worksheet from the Excel workbook that you want to import.

(1) In our example, sheet 1 is the sheet that has our information. (2) Click Next >.

1

2

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Step 5
The next page will allow us to choose a header row and exclude extra rows that we don’t want in our import. These rows are usually at the beginning of the excel worksheet and are superfluous to our information. (1) To select a header row, click the header row (it should turn blue like in the example to the right). (2)Next, click the Set header Row button. The row will automatically be extracted. We don’t have any other rows to exclude, but to do so, check the Extract column headers row: box and type in the number of rows you want to exclude. (3) Click Next >.

2

1

3

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Step 6
This section allows us to format the information so that it is uniform throughout the Excel worksheet. If information is not uniform, i2 may miss-categorize information, and the analysis will be skewed. For example, if two phone numbers from different excel worksheets are similar, but the format is different, i2 will not make the connection. (Example: (240)-432-3489 vs. 240.432.3489). For the sake of simplicity, we will skip this process. Make sure when importing several excel worksheets that the formatting is uniform throughout. (1) Click Next>.

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Step 7
This is a crucial step of the importing process. (1) For our example, we will select More Complex Association Chart. We are selecting this because in our data we have more than one association (In our Excel worksheet, we have two recipients). (2) Click Next >. When importing others types of information, we can select the layout that is best suited for the task. For example, when importing Excel worksheets with phone numbers, selecting Network of Telephone calls is the correct layout. Or, if analyzing the chronological order of telephone calls, Sequence of Telephone calls is the correct layout.

1 2

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Step 8
In this step, we will drag the rows into their respective links or entities. Grant makers will be the central node, so we will place the Grant Maker row in the center entity. (1) To do this click and drag down the Grant Maker row. (2) Hold down the left click on the mouse and drag the row (which is the mouse cursor) on top of the central node. (3) Release the left click on the mouse when the cursor is over the central node. When the red circle next to the entity disappears, the row is in the entity.
3

1 Click and Drag the Grant Maker row into the entity. 2

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Step 9
(1)Drag the Recipient(1) Row into the (1.1) entity on the left. (2) Then drag the Amount(1) Row into the (2.2) link connecting the Recipient(1) entity to the Grant Maker entity.

2

1

1.1

2.2

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Step 10
Repeat the same steps in the previous step we just did. (1)Drag the Recipient(2) Row into the (1.1) entity on the right. (2) Then drag the Amount(2) Row into the (2.2) link connecting the Recipient(2) entity to the Grant Maker entity.
1.1 2

1

2.2

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Step 11
We now have all of our data where it needs to be. (1) To set the direction of the links so that they go from Grant Maker to Recipient, Click on one of the links. (2) Then click the grey box on the row that says Direction. An edit box will then appear (step 12).

2

1

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Step 12
(1) Click the drop down arrow. (2) Then click Icon 2 to 3. (3) Click OK. Perform the same steps (11-12) to format the other link so that it also goes from Grant Maker to Recipient.
3 1

2

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Step 13
In this example, we want to change the link going from Grant Makers to Recipient(2) to the color red.

(1) To do this click on the Amount(2) link.
2

(2) Then click the grey box on the type box. An edit box will appear (step 14).

1

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Step 14
(1) Click the scroll down arrow under Palette. (2) Click colors. Step continued on next page.

1

2

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Step 15
After selecting colors (1) Click the scroll down arrow on type. (2) Click Red. (3) Click OK.
3 1

2

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Step 16
The link will come up red. Our data is finally ready to import. (1) Click Next.

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Step 17
A cover page will appear. You can write your Subject, Author, Comments and other information. (1) Click Import when finished.

Note: The cover page will appear when a user opens your i2 link chart. The user can see the subject, know who the author is and read additional comments.

1

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Step 18
A load bar will appear. Most of the time, the load bar will go only halfway. (1) Click Add to Chart to finish the import process.

1

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Step 19
Our import is done. Click Close to view the chart.

1

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Step 1
If the analyst does not like the initial layout that i2 gives after the import process (initial layout is Peacock Chart Layout), the analyst can change the layout. Let’s try the Compact Peacock layout.

1

(1) Click the Compact Peacock layout button.

Step 2
Let’s try Organization Layout.

1

(1) Click the Organization Layout Button.

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Step 3
Let’s try Minimize Crossed Links layout.
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(1) Click the Minimize Crossed Links layout Button.

Step 4
1

Let’s try Grouped Chart layout.

(1) Click the Grouped Chart layout Button.

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Step 5
The last layout is the Circular Chart Layout.

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(1) Click the Circular Chart Layout Button.

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Step 6
This is the last layout. We will next learn how to use Social Network Analysis on i2.

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Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis is a new feature in i2 Analyst Notebook 8 that finds the Betweenness, , Degree, Closeness, and the number of links entering or leaving an entity.

Betweenness: Find the gatekeeper entities w who ho may control information flow between different parts of the network Closeness: Find the entities who may have the best access to other parts of the network and visibility of activities within the rest of the network Degree: Find the entities that may be the most active in the network based on the number of direct links to other entities.

Step 1
On the task orientated toolbar, (1) Click Analytical Tasks, (2) Click Social Network Analysis. Note: For this example, we are using the Organization Layout.
2 1

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Step 2
The options tab will pop up. (1) Check all of the options (Betweenness, Closeness, Degree and Link Direction). (2) Click the Results tab.
2

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Step 3
(1) Under the Results tab, click Calculate: Betweenness, Closeness & Degree. After a few seconds, the results will be displayed in the row. (2) Click the Show Results on Chart button to display the results on the chart. Note: To remove the results from the chart, click the Delete Results from Chart button.
1

Results will be displayed here

To remove results from chart, click this button

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Step 4
The results are now shown on the chart.

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Conclusion
This guidebook is an attempt to summarize pertinent information from i2’s ’s guide book and other additional sources. To access the sources used to create this guidebook guidebook, please follow the steps shown in the next few pages. For additional comments or questions, please contact professor Mulligan ulligan or the authors. If students wish to see additional information added to this guidebook, or notice any errors, please contact the authors. We sincerely enjoyed creating this guidebook. W When we began creating this guidebook, , we thought we had a healthy understanding of how to use i2. . By the time we were polishing up the end product, we were far more proficient in i2 than we ever dreamed. Until Analyst Notebook 9 comes out, we hope this guidebook helps students so they can spend more time on analysis and less time figuring out how to use i2 Analyst Notebook 8.

James E. Gallagher

Michael B. Gallagher

Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies

Sources

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Step 1
Click Start.

Step 2
Click All Programs.

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Step 3
Click i2. Then Documentation. From here, you can read the four PDF files that make up i2’s user guide. You can also watch i2’s three Quick Start Videos.

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Step 4
Click on My Computer on the desktop, and then click on dept on 'Classified' (S), also known as the shared drive.

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Step 5
Click on the Class Files folder.

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Step 6
Click on the i2 Training folder.

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Step 7
These folders contain handouts from i2 workshops that Prof. Grabelski attended. In addition, the folder on the left has sample charts made by i2.

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Primary Contact Information

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Daniel F. Mulligan
Instructor

E: dmulligan@mercyhurst.edu

http://www.mciis.org/

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Secondary Contact Information

James E. Gallagher
MCIIS Student E: jgallagher@visiwik.com E: jgalla79@mercyhurst.edu

Michael B. Gallagher
MCIIS Student E: mgallagher@visiwik.com E: mgalla22@mercyhurst.edu

http://www.visiwik.com/

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i2 Contact Information

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i2 USA Offices Eastern Region McLean, VA Western Region Tucson, AZ

For General Inquiries E: info.americas@i2group.com T: +1-703-921-0195 Toll free: 888-546-5242

http://www.i2group.com/

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Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies

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