# States Pahang

1. Introduction to physics

2.Forces and motion Qn 4
-force & elasticity cmopression & elastic Ep

3.Forces and pressure Qn 11
-Bernoulli’s principle - Bunsen burner and application of the principle -use of aerofoil aeroplane wing and calculate the lift force

SPM 2013 Trial Examination Paper Analysis Topics & Subtopics 4.Heat 5.Light 6.Waves 7.Electricity

8. Electromagnetism Qn 10
-electro magnetic induction -bicycle dynamo and producing a.c. -power transmission and use of transformer

9. Electronic Qn 12
-Semi conductor -how n-type semi conductor is produced -make the best choice of the transistor circuit to light up the bulb automaticall y at night.

-radioisotope -controlling of the Al sheet thickness -Calculate half life

Qn 1
-vernier calipers -name & state error

Qn 5
-gas law -size of bubble as it rises to the surface of water

Qn 9
-comparison of u and v of convex lens and folcal length -draw ray diagram of a concave lens -modification to build a telescope of higher power

Qn 2
-refraction -diagram of refraction of water wave -calculation with v=fλ

Qn 6
-compare p.d of EHT and electric field strength - Van de Graf generator -I and flow of charge

Qn 7
-specific heat capacity -calculate with Q= mc ᶿ -modifying insulator and the thermometer bulb

Qn 8
-power rating of a bulb -compare efficiency between two bulbs

1

Introducti on to physics N9

2. Forces and motion Qn 6
-spring and elasticity compression and maximum height -Factors affecting elasticity.

3.Forces and pressure Qn 5
-velocity and Bernoulli’s principle

4. Heat

5. Light

6. Waves

7. Electricity

8. Electromagnetism Qn 4
-transformer -calculate Ip, Is, Vp and Vs

9. Electronic

Qn 3
-specific latent heat -calculation with Q = ml

Qn 11
-virtual image -total internal reflection and conditions -ray diagram of reflection of by concave mirror

Qn 7
-diffraction of wave -ultrasonic wave to determine the depth of ocean - s= ½ vt

Qn 10
-meaning of current -comparing brightness, no. of batteries and ammeter reading -describe how thunder and lightning occur -modify lighting system in a library

Qn 1
-reverse biased diode -function of diode

Qn 8
-meaning of radioactivity -controlling of the volume of packet milk -nuclear fusion -Calculate mass defect and energy released in fission process

Qn 12
-working principle of telephone earpiece -making the best choice of the telephone earpiece -transformer calculation

Qn 9
-compare mass and heat capacity -construct a cooking pot -describe land breeze and sea breeze

1. Introduction to physics

2.Forces and motion Qn 2 -momentum
against time graph

3.Forces and pressure Qn 5
- pressure - Bernoulli’s - principle

4. Heat Qn 7
-gas law -tyre suitable for muddy road

5. Light Qn 3
-diamond and refractive index -total internal reflection & application

6. Waves Q10
-amplitude & sound wave -Compare between 2 different tunning fork -how to reduce engine noise of an aeroplane -install PA system that produces loud & clear sound

7. Electricity Qn 6
-I an V readings - sirie & parallel circuits

8. Electromagnetism

9. Electronic Qn 4
-CRO -half wave rectification and smoothed half wave

-radioisotope -detecting pipe leakages -write decay equation -Calculate half life

Penang

Qn 1
Thermometer - type of physical qty it measures

QN 11
-impulsive force -use of helmets, gloves & jackets by motor bikers -making the best choice of motorcycles

Qn 9
-specific heat capacity -compare diferent metal blocks -modification on car radiactor

Qn 12
-resistance & p.d across a conductor -making the best choice of fuse

1 Introduction to physics

2. Forces and motion Qn 8
-equilibrium of forces -draw ∆ to show 3 forces in equilibrium Wirte equation for forces in Equilibrium -calculate tension of string and make the best choice of cable used to hang heavy billboard

3.Forces and pressure Qn 11
-define pressure -speed and pressure -explain the curving effect when a ball is kicked from a corner -how it is reduced during heavy rain -Making the best choice of a track helmet for indoor cycling competition

4. Heat Qn 6
-gas/ Charle’s law -SI unit of temp -calculation using Charle’s law equation.

5. Light Qn 9
-refraction of light and critical angle -Compare and relate critical angle, refractive index and and density -explain how periscope works In a submarine -design a more efficient endoscope

6. Waves Qn 1
-reflection of wave -angle I = angle r -draw patern of reflection

7. Electricity Qn 10
Electricitymeaning of emf -compare emf, current and internal resistance -relate internal resistance and voltage drop -explain effect of batteries arranged in serie and in // on emf and heat dissipated -modify to improve the efficiency of a hand dryer

8. Electromagnetism Qn 3 -e/m induction and
how induced current is produced -Flemming’s right hand rule Factor affecting magnitude of induced current

9. Electronic Qn 4 -name logic gates
-write Boolean algebra -work out the truth table -simple electrical circuit for OR gate

MRSM

Qn 2
-physical q and Voltmeter -type of zero error -take voltmeter reading -corrected value

Qn 7
-half-life Write equation of Beta decay -sketch decay curve -calculate age from T1/2 is given -calculat mass defect Using E= mc2

Qn 5 -sound
wave and diffraction -compare wavelength and diffraction pattern -how is amplitude affected and why

Qn 12
Semiconductor and meaning of dopping -explain how a semiconductor diode works -draw a half-wave rectifier and sketch the input and the output voltage wave front explain the use of capacitor as a smoother -making the best choice of the circuit with a transistor used as an automatic switch to light a bulb when it is dark

1 Introduction to physics

SBP

Qn 1
Vernier calipers - name physical quantity - label part of vc - function - take reading

2. Forces and motion Qn 2
Work done -calculation

3. Forces and pressure Qn 5
-Compare spring balance reading -buoyant force -compare density Relate density with spring balance reading and buoyant force

4. Heat

5. Light

6. Waves

7. Electricity

8. Electromagneti sm Qn 10
-magnetic field -number of turns and magnetic field -force and current carrying concuctor -explain catapult field -modify a simple motor that runs on dc Efficiently

9. Electronic

Qn 4
-specific heat capacity’c’ -calculation for ‘c’ -explain sea breeze

Qn 7
-Convex mirror and reflection of light -ray diagram of reflection of light on the convex mirror Characteristics of the image -application of -Concave mirror to heat water by solar energy -use of lenses and concave mirrors in a compound microscope

Qn 6
-what type of wave is sound wave -interference of sound wave and how loud and soft sounds occur -compare a , and x btw two interference diagrams and relate a And in the foumula of x = Dλ/a

Qn 8
-define power rating on a bulb -use P= VI To find I And R=V/I to find R -effect of diameter of filament wire on the resistance and the energy lost as heat -calculation for the efficiency Best choice of bulb

Qn 3
-Label parts of a CRO -function of the parts Determine peak voltage anf freq from the cro display

Qn 12
-source of bkgrd counts on GM counter -radioactive detection with electroscope -making the best choice of radioisotope to be used to detect blood clots in blood vessels

Qn 9
-meaning of elascity -sompare compression distance and elasticEp of 2 springs -explain elasticity 0f spring bas ed on forces between atoms -modfication to improve design of a trampoline

Qn 11
-Archimedes principle -explain why whether balloon stops at a certain altitude as it rises -make the best choice of the boat to carry heavy loads and move fast

1 Introduction to physics

2. Forces and motion Qn 3
Elasticity and catapult -elastic potential energy -calculate work in stretching the elastic chord -conversion of energy in stretching -calculatefrom E.Ep = ½ mv2

3.Forces and pressure Qn 7
Bernoulli’s principle -compare and relate speed and pressure of air -explain for the difference in pressure -calculate the pressure difference -suggest ways to increase the difference in pressure

4. Heat Qn 5
Define specific heat capacity -temperature and thermometer -compare the ‘c’ of two different liquid, final temperature and change of temperature -relate ‘c’ and ∆ in temp -choose btw 2 liquids to be used as coolant in the cooling system of the car

5. Light Qn 11
-define Incident anagle -calculate the refractive index of a glass prism given its critical angle -complete ray diagram of light rays passing through the prism -identify the phenomenon as total internal reflection -explain the occurrence of mirage observed in a bus on a hot day -making the best choice of the pair of lenses used in the constructing the astronomical telescope to produce a sharp bright and bright image.

6. Waves Qn 6
Ripple tank and wave -reflection of wave -define incident angle -compare and relate angle i and angle r -law of reflection -effect of the freq of motor on λ and speed of wave -application of reflection of wave

7. Electricity

8.
Electromagnetism

9. Electronic Qn 4
CR0 -determine peak voltage from the CRO display -diode and ½ wave rectification -function of a capacitor in rectification -sketch output signal in the and ½ wave rectification with capacitor

Kedah

Qn 1
Vernier calipers -sensitivity -what it measures

Q8
-Name suitable wire as heating element -meaning of power rating given -calculate current in the main hair dryer circuit -choose the best fuse for the iron -two different hair dryer circuit to observe and compare how they work. -choose the suitable circuit

Qn 2
Flemming’s left hand rule -what each finger represents -determine the direction of the force on a current carrying conductor -Factor affecting the force -how to invers direction of force

Qn 12
-define proton number -identify the type of radiation as beta radiation And write equation of beta decay -explain how energy is released in the decay -all about nuclear reactor and making the best choice of nuclear reactor in which nuclear energy is used safely and efficiently in the generation of electricity -determine the number of α and β particles in a decay serie -calculate half life

Qn 10
-Compare and relate the diameter of solenoid, the deflection of the galvanometer pointer, the rate of cutting the flux -identify the law as Faraday’s law -Observe a bicycle dynamo and define induced current -why a carbon brush is not needed for a bicycle dynamo -name the type current produced -Explain how it is produced -modify the bicycle dynamo to produce bigger induced current

Qn 9
Define momentum -all about principle of conservation of momentum -compare total kinetic energy before and after collision -name the type of collision -modify an ordinary bicycle to be used for safer and higher speed riding

1 Introduction to physics

2. Forces and motion Qn 5
-meaning od elasticity -relationship btw elastic Ep and s.w.g// thickness of spring

3.Forces and pressure Qn 8
-Archimedes’ principle -explain how a submarine can submerge -modify a submarine so that it can stay longer in deeper sea water and move faster

4. Heat Qn 3
- gas law - pressure law - kinetic theory of molecule explain pressure law -calculation P1/v1 = p2/v2

5. Light Qn 1
- Cocave mirror - u<f

6. Waves Qn 2
-ripple tank -diffraction of wave -draw diffraction wave pattern -use v = fλ

7. Electricity Qn 6
-relationship btw I and V -graph of V against I -factors affecting resistance of conductors (diameter// cross sectional area -conductors in serie or parallel

8.
Electromagnetism

9. Electronic Qn 4
-meaning of cathode ray and CRO -pd of EHT with size of deflection -use of eV = ½ mv2

T’ganu

Qn 10
-force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field and Fleming’s left had rule -compare ammeter reading, angle of deflection of copper wire coil strength of magnetic field and relate the magnitude of current and the force acting on the ccc -explain why the direction of force is upwards -modify a simple coil ammeter to be a more sensitive ammeter and give more accurate reading.

Qn 7
-refraction and total internal reflection of light -calculation with n= 1/sin C -relation refractive index with change f density of medium -compare images of mirror and prism periscope

Qn 11
-define momentum and principle of conservation of momentum -explain how forward thrust is produced with Newton’s Third Law and conservation of momentum -making the best choice of jet engines to be used in an air craft to produce a greater forward thrust -Calculation with: F = ma and v2= u2+2as

Qn 9
-application of thermal equilibrium in thermometer -compare the initial q of heat in the cointainer, the ‘c’, the rate of heat loss, the temp and relate -explain why the temp in both container are the same after some time -Modify an ice box to keep the ice longer without melting and easy to carry around.

Qn 12
Meaning of semi conductor -explain doping process to produce the ntype semiconductor -all about a transistor circuit, use potential divider concept to determine the pd across BE circuit and the one adjacent to it. -making the best choice of the transistor circuit to light the street lights

1 Introduction to physics

2. Forces and motion Qn 5
-define mass -elasticity and Hooke’s law -compare and relate mass/weight with the extension of the spring -calculate the extension of spring when ‘k’ of spring and mass attached are given

3.Forces and pressure Q3
-Archimedes’ principle -apparent weight and apparent loss of weight -calculate volume of metal block immersed from Fb= Vρg

4. Heat Qn 8
-define specific heat capacity - the right apparatus set up to deteremine the ‘c’ of a metal block -calculate the value of ‘c’ of the metal block.

5. Light Qn 11
-define focal length -apparatus set up to determine the focal length of the lens -making the best choice of telescope that produces the brightest and sharpest image -calculation With 1/f =1/u+1/v And M = v/u=HI/Ho

6. Waves Qn 2
Meaning of period -relate period and frequency -label period, T on a s-t graph -what is transferred by wave

7. Electricity Qn 12
-what fuse is -advantages of parallel circuit -what it means by the power rating given -calculate current and power output in a immersion heater. -make the best choice of the fuse used to protect a circuit of ‘240 V, 2000 W’.

8. Electromagnetism Qn 6 -electromagnetic
induction -state polarity of solenoid in e/m induction and Lenz’s Law -Compare and relate the number of turns of solenoid and the magnitude of induced current -effect of strength of magnet on the magnitude of induced current

9. Electronic Qn 4
-CRO -Thermionic emission at cathode -what happens to electrons on the heated surface of the cathode -calculate voltage from the CRO screen with Y-gain given -sketch the waveform when the time-base is off

MERBAU MIR1

Qn 1
Weighing machine -physical qty that it measures -sensitivity of instrument -how to increase accuracy of the weighing scale

Qn 7
-identify the type of radioactive emission -deflection of alpha ray in a magnetic field -choose the most sutable radiation used for irradiating fruit canes

Q9
-meaning of density. -compare and relate the type of liquid filled in the container, the depth of the holes and the distance of spurt of water. -describe the working principle of a Bunsen burner -modification of a submarine so that it works more efficiently and safely

Q10
-define wavelength -compare and the frequency of motor used, the wavelength of wave at deep region and shallow region, Hence relate the wavelength of wave to the depth of water. -explain use of how sound wave can be used to determine the depth of the sea -modify an ultrasound machine to obtain a clearer image

Summary
1

Introduction to physics 5/8 states

2. Forces and motion 8/8 states

3. Forces and pressure 8/8 states

4. Heat

5. Light

6. Waves

7. Electricity

8. Electromagnetism 7/8 states

9. Electronic

10.

8/8 states

8/8 states

8/8 states

8/8 states

8/8 states

7/8 states

5 Qns
vernier calipers: 3/5 thermometer:1/5 weighing machine: 1/5

12 Qns
Elasticity and Hooke’s law: 6/11 Momentum: 3/11 Impulsive Forc :1/11 work and energy: 1/11 Equilibrium of Forces: 1/11

12 Qns
Bernoulli’s principle: 6/12 Archimedes’ Principle: 5/12 Liquid pressure and depth: 1/12

12 Qns
Gas laws:4/12 Specific heat capacity:6/12 Latent heat:2/12

11 Qns
Reflection of light, concave, convex mirrors and Characteristics of images: 2/11 All about lenses, focal length, compound microscope and telescope: 4/11 Refraction, total internal reflection of light in prisms and periscope: 5/11

11 Qns
Properties of waves, definition of λ, T and v of wave and use of the formula v=fλ: 2/10 All about refletion of wave, define incident angle and application: 2/10 Diffraction of wave: 3/10 All about sound wave, amplitude, frequency , production of sound wave, ultrsound and interference :2/10 All about refraction of wave: 2/10

11 Qns
Charge & electric Field, thunder and lightning: 1/11 Current, potential difference, resistance and factors affecting resistance: 2/11 Serie and parallel circuit: 3/11 -emf, internal resistance, voltage drop: 1/11 -function of fuse : 2/11 -power rating and efficiency of lectrical appliance: 2/11

9 Qns
-All about electromagnetic induction -application in transformer and in a.c, generator //dynamo Faraday’s law, factors affecting magnitude of induced current, Fleming’s Right hand rule, Lenz’s law : 5/9 -Electromagnet, force on ccc in a magnetic field, Fleming’s left had rule, modifying moving coil ammeter: 4/9

11 Qns
CRO and thermionic emission, use of eV= ½mv2 :1/11 -Display on CRO to determine peak voltage period and frequency , of ac, voltage from ygain given : 4/11 -diode and rectification and capacitor as smoother, Sketch of wave or full wave rectification output voltage: 4/11 -semiconductor, doping and n-type all about semiconductor, transistor circuits, all about logic gates : 2/11

13 Qns
-calculation of half-life in different ways :3/13 -application of radioisotopes in industrial field: 5/13 -identifying type of emission, characteristic of α,β emission in electric and magnetic field:4/13 -nuclear reactor, beta decay, decay curve, decay equation, serie decay:1/13

Topics to be paid attention to // to focus on 1

Introduction to physics
Vernier callipers

2. Forces and motion
Elasticity

3. Forces and pressure
Bernoulli’s and Archimedes’ principle

4. Heat

5. Light

6. Waves

7. Electricity

8. Electromagnetism
Force on ccc in a magnetic field Electromagnetic induction

9. Electronic

10.

Gas laws and specific heat capacity

-Refraction and total internal reflection of light in prisms. Periscope application -Lenses, microscope and telescope

Properties of waves, Refraction and diffraction of waves

All subtopics

CRO and CRO display Diode, ½ and full wave rectification

Section B and C Essay Questions Emphasis

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

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Forces and motion Forces and pressure Heat Light Electricity Electromagnetism Electronic

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2013 PHYSICS TIPS

PAPER 2
SECTION A 1. Micrometer screw gauge / vernier calipers 2. Latent heat fussion / vaporization / specific heat 3. Burnoulli 4. Refraction of light / glass index 5. Young concept / interference of light / water 6. CRO and rectification / diode 7. Logic gate 8. Half-life / rays / radioactive SECTION B nand C 9. Momentum / Boat or plane modification 10. Electromagnet / transformer 11. Gas Law / Gas pressure 12. Projector / lens PAPER 3 - SECTION A - Extension of spring / Hooke law / Object distance on image size / focal length SECTION B - Resistant over wire diameter / temperature / Inertia

2013 SPM PHYSICS PAPER 2 & 3 REAL EXAM TIPS Paper 2 Section A
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Spicy osscillation load Convex Mirror Lift Ohm’s law Refractive index/ refraction of light Hydroulic/ Pascal principle Transformer Specific heat capacity/ latent heat of fusion

Section B and C 1. Magnet/ magnetism/ Meter 2. Diode/ rectification/ capacitor 3. Archemedes/ boat/ Hot air balloon 4. Transformer Paper 3 Section A 1. Pendulum/ osscillation time length. 2. Pressure temperature Section B 3. Refraction of light/ apparent depth 4. Buoyance force (fishing)