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THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
Tomas S. Vanasek
Indiana 1906 . Pickerill Indianapolis. N.History OF THE Third Indiana Cavalry BY W.
AETNA PRINTING INDIANAPOLIS CO. LOAN STACK GIFT .
To the brave men of the Third Indiana Cavalry who served in the Civil War. in Southern lands.DEDICATION. or in unknown and unmarked graves. this is 440 . whether now living or sleeping where loving hands volume affectionately inscribed. have laid them.
published ". but had somewhat to do with the great struggle. To serve these worthy men. should they what is herein writ things still have access to the records. referred to by volume and page. this history of the Third Indiana Cavalry has been prepared. but have left posterity. s have written than a narration in the writer own language of the interesting story of one of the most splendid regiments that served in the Civil War. while others. from 1861 to 1865. One hundred and Congress. to whom memories and deeds of valor are very precious. so that it The records are will always be possible for the doubting to verify the correctness of ten. read the story of a regiment. This volume is more a compilation of others. Much of what is herein offered to those who read this book was their written at the time when the deeds herein recorded were enacted by minds of the what those in authority. never found a place in any record or report. Official Records are supposed to contain Union and Confederate Armies. the recital of which would an interest ing story of the valor and devotion to duty of our comrades.PREFACE. known as the Civil War. better qualified. To it. their families. . a history of every military organization serving on either side of the mighty conflict. and while those deeds were fresh in the participants. and entitled of the thirty volumes. as seems sarily true of to have been neces any regiment in the cavalry service. Many tell vivid in our memories. few fortunate indi would be the work of a good part of the lifetime of many of those who survive.The by authority of War of the Rebellion. or in the collections of a viduals. which as a rule are only found in public libraries. and those who have gone out from among us. as the government has preserved in all these numerous volumes.".
The daily life of the common soldier. and on the battlefield. it. and portrayal. on the march. can never be under stood or fully appreciated except its by those who lived that life. that others may realize it as we realized must ever remain unwritten history.for whose omission there seems hardly to be any excuse. in the hospital. 1906. have been preserved in the reports of famous leaders of our enemies. in captivity in Southern prisons. May. as it was lived in our war. on picket. . Indianapolis. in camp. whom we met on many a well contested field.
of the This was the situation long before the term of enlistment first seventy-five thousand volunteers had expired. From the very first Governor Morton was apparently impressed with the impending tragedy. CHAPTEK I. and made their camp there for months. day of July. 1861. almost within cannon shot of session of where Congress was sitting. and moters became more defiant and confident of their ability rebellion itself pro to cope with any force the government at Washington might send against them. came the battle of Bull Run at Manassas. Virginia. pursued by the victorious confederates with the evident purpose of taking pos and holding the Capital of the country. in which the government forces were completely routed and fled in confusion to the defenses of Washington.History of the Third Indiana Cavalry. and in no section of the entire country was this feeling more intense than in the State of Indiana. The seriousness of the situation now took possession of the people both North and South. in which the best troops at the disposal of the the first On government met a superior body of troops under General Beauregard. while with each passing day the its grew to more formidable proportions. They paused on the west bank of the Potomac. and while he promptly equipped and . The period for which seventy-five thousand troops had heen enlisted was nearing its close and little had been accomplished in the way of ending the rebellion. sternation In the North the feeling of con among those who believed the government should be upheld gave place to a at must be sustained grim determination that the government all hazards.
the regiments already raised. on the . and camps of rendezvous were established at Evansville and Madison. as the future might require. men for the defense of the State. but. or for the general service. with Conrad Baker as colonel and Scott Carter. he foresaw that he would soon be called on for additional troops by the general govern ment. branch of the service had not been encour Scott. The organization of eight companies was completed at Evansville and mustered in on the 20th of August. but at once set about putting six additional regiments in camp under discipline and held them subject to the demand of the government. There Camp Morton twenty-nine companies number of men required to fill the first call for were in in excess of the troops. 1861. assuring that official that they would be ready for the service within five days after acceptance. and sixty- eight companies had been raised in different parts of the State and tendered to the Governor for active service. on the 10th of June. orders were issued for the organization of a cavalry regiment in the counties of Indiana bordering on the Ohio river. the aged by the authorities. The eight companies at Evansville under Colonel Baker. to be composed of the teers first fifty companies All volun to who had enlisted for three months and were unwilling enlist for one year were directed to be discharged. 1861. of Vevay. to enlist there Although among many of those desiring position taken was a strong inclination to enter the cavalry service. and the Governor on his own responsibility determined to organize five regiments of ". field the forty-six hurried to the for hundred and eighty men called by President Lincoln s first proclamation. as lieutenant-colonel. and within five days after he had issued his first call he tendered the Secretary of War six additional regiments without limitation as to the time they were to serve. in pur suance to instructions from the War Department. He received no response to this offer.twelve-months". Switzerland county. yet by reason of the by General Winfield organizations for this head of the army.8 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Powers. The officers of the six com panies were mustered to date from the 22d of August. and were ordered to the Army of the Potomac under Lieu tenant-Colonel Carter. . two new companies were organized and added designated as the Third Cavalry (Forty-fifth to the regiment. Moffitt. December. The six companies that had been ordered as to the Army of the and F. Kephart. Shannon . Mason. 1861. First Lieutenant Mathew B. 1862. Louis. Porter . Missouri. Captain Daniel P. Second Lieutenant Marshall Lahue Company C. Second Lieu tenant Abner L. and on the 22d of October. Captain Theophilus M. Irwin. 1861. the four companies that had been ordered to Kentucky were des ignated as Companies G. First Lieutenant George H. Company E. Keister. Captain James D. Gresham. McClure. First Lieutenant Oliver Company F. Company G. Company D. by general orders of the Adjutant-General of the United States. Buchanan. Thompson. First Lieutenant William Patton. 1861. 1861. Captain Patrick Garland. Captain W. Company B. Company H. Second Lieutenant Eobert P. Second Lieutenant Henry F. were ordered to St. and ordered to Kentucky. 21st of August. First Lieutenant Charles Lemon. which to proceed to Madison and join the companies already were mustered into the service on the 22d day of August. Danglade. Second Lieutenant Paul Clark. A. B. Captain Alfred Gaddis. was ordered there. Q. five 9 The companies organized at Madison under Lieutenant-Colonel Carter. Captain William S. M. were In Regiment). Second Lieutenant Thomas Felix M. Captain Jacob S. and Companies A. and the one company organized at Indianapolis. C. H. these six companies united with four companies which had been accepted in September and October. First Lieu tenant George F. Graham. 1861. Herriott. I and K. D. First Lieutenant Joseph M. Wright. First Lieutenant Benjamin . Second Lieutenant John S.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and the officers of the respective companies as originally organized Potomac were designated E were as follows : Company A.
Moreau. teachers. of Company A. Major Chapman had been a midshipman in the navy. as to were a motley aggregation. 1861. was detailed as adjutant. of Company E. and First Lieutenant George H. was pro moted and mustered in as captain of the cancy created by the promotion of Captain tenant-colonel. First Lieutenant Tighlman Fish. Elias W. as colonel of the Lieutenant-Colonel Scott Carter was its new organization. Captain Jacob S. Company I. Luther Brosie as assistant surgeon of the regiment. regardless of rank. company to fill the va Buchanan to lieu and First Lieutenant Charles Lemon was promoted and mustered captain of Company C to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Captain Danglade. Douglas. and it was said the former had seen service in the Mexican war. editor of two or three newspapers. was promoted and On the 15th of December. and one captain had been a minister in the Methodist church fresh from his pulpit. while his orderly sergeant was a storming Universalist preacher tated to combat the theology of who never hesi any one. Captain Will C. 1861. merchants. The officers of this newly life. Second Lieutenant George Klein. attorney-at-law and a clerk in one of the departments at Washington. First Lieutenant William Patton. Second Lieutenant Uriah Young. On the 21st of October. Captain Robert named Klein. The colonel and lieutenant-colonel had been attorneys-at-law in former vocations in their respective homes. Second Lieu tenant Oliver Childs. livery stable keepers. H. First Lieutenant Christoph Roll. . named regiment. of Company A.10 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. regiment upon Thompson. officers Other company had been farmers. of that company. and the entire organization perhaps knew less about war than any other matter. whose theology conflicted with his peculiar views. tailors. steamboatmen. On the 8th of November. Buchanan. like the men. 1861. Chapman as major. Beck was mustered in as surgeon. Company K. George H. mustered in as lieutenant-colonel.
which they learned to cultivate and improve upon during the entire period of service. gorgeously uniformed themselves and were mag nificently mounted with trappings that inspired the envy of their Solomon in all his glory was hardly arrayed like unto one of these. equipments were halters for the horses. Thus mounted and guiding their horses with only the which the government had furnished. As they traveled across the country the farm houses along the way were besieged by the men for wheat sacks or anything else out of which they could improvise some sort of a same with straw. and directed by and men. and the loyal people of Virginia and Pennsylvania gave us a royal welcome.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. uniforms. Wheel was reached. spurs and blankets for the men. fed us on . The steamboats transporting these six companies strug gled with low water and sandbars in the Ohio river until ing. except the officers who had drawn upon their home men. and they were on the way to the Capital of their country to be equipped as cavalry soldiers in her service. resources. by stuffing the stirrups. 11 of the The six companies ordered from Madison to the Army Potomac were loaded on steamboats chartered by the government and started up the Ohio river. the aggregation afforded a spec tacle for gods But aside from these disfiguring accoutre ments. while clotheslines pro cured in the same manner were cut into lengths and used for saddle. heading towards Pittsburg. when water transportation was aban doned entirely and the command took to the mountains. On board the Stephen Decatur this theologically belligerent orderly sergeant preached to the prospective soldiers on board a sermon full of comfort to those who were doubtful officers alike of their future state. the battalion was a splendid body of fine looking young men. On this march the men first developed soldierly qualities. At this time men and Their were kindergarten pupils in the art of war. their gaily caparisoned officers. halters. each of whom in his own right owned a good Indiana horse. Virginia.
we reached in. skirt of the city. fired. canteens. It was so hard on trigger that when the marksman took aim at the enemy by the time his pistol was discharged he was liable to be shooting behind in at the men in his own regiment. three. On that their arrival at Washington City in the early days of Sep tember. sabers and dragoon pistols. and the man was more danger than the man in front.".chivalry fought duels in the days when dueling was fashionable. In practicing marksmanship it was never wise sized barn. was about a foot long and was loaded at the muzzle by means of an iron ramrod attached to the under side of the barrel and It when fired kicked about as it hard as it would shoot. haversacks. the six companies of the Third Indiana Cavalry. had been ordered from Madison. never to be forgotten. were assigned to a camp on the northeastern outwhere they were further partially equipped. but it was just as likely to be the they wheeled and seconds or bystanders as the combatants. would hit the other or miss the This was the weapon with which Southern . were loaded into cars. the fat of the land. at and after a the Baltimore depot in the city of Washington. and bade us good-bye with their blessing. to choose for a if and mark anything smaller than a good right-handed when you aimed at one end you mark entirely. and after our experience we could understand how duelists were sometimes hurt or killed because they stood with their backs to each other and at the count of two. in the night. Pittsburg.One. being furnished with saddles and bridles for the horses. and in the grand sweep some body might accidentally be hit. After three days. Certainly our fore- . 1861. This latter implement of war was as the better known by 7 those unfamiliar with martial parlance ".12 HlSTOKY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.horse pistol/ perhaps because the cavalry soldiers of the called dragoons old regular army were and they carried two of these pistols in holsters fastened on the front part of their saddles. ". such as they hauled soldiers day and night on the railroad we were dropped down. to the Army of the Potomac. Indiana.
Maryland. with such weapons as the government fur nished. The battalion continued its drill exercises after it went into camp at Bladensburg. About December. continued a part of his command and was 1861. in which the horse would come out on top and the rider underneath or left stranded on the top rail of a fence or in the bottom of a ditch. fathers 13 who attended duels were brave men and took their lives in their hands unless stationed in trees or hid in the bushes on some neighboring farm. Companies the only cavalry with him. As soon drilling as equipped this battalion began a persistent course of on horseback. but in due season we were sent to the division of General Hooker. and the last half of the jump would take the form of a somersault. much to the amusement of the braves who were bringing up the rear. which was standing on his head in the ditch and the orderly sergeant was sprawling on his back with canteen. but hard on the jumper. follow me when I jump that ditch right there.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Often he found his horse able to jump but half as high or as far as he had supposed he could. his spurs into the protuberant flanks of his big fell Indiana plow horse and the next minute the horse. It was fun for the beholder. We practiced jumping our horses over low fences and narrow ravines and gutters with which the clay hillsides around Washington in those days abounded. . and when General Hooker with to his division was ordered Budds Ferry. haver sack. And in these exercises there was many a miscalculation by the embryo cavalryman. it twenty-five miles south of Washington on the lower Potomac. where duels were fought by our revolutionary sires (with horse pistols. at Bladensburg. saber and pistol all flying in different directions.". In these incipient days of our military prepa ration we saw a bold orderly sergeant yell in stentorian voice.Men. This was one of the amusing things in our early cavalry drill. ". no doubt). B and F were sent still further south into St. and with the com mand he plunged short in his reach.
and Company E into Charles county. their hands. and thus escape capture at their hands. when the war broke The region was on a direct line between Washington and Richmond. The confederate authorities at all informed regarding military movements within the federal lines as were the federal as well Richmond were kept authorities themselves. the county seat of Marys county. after escaping the to gun s and were hurried away General Hooker s headquarters to be dealt with as his judgment directed. The men of the Third Indiana Cavalry on picket at these points accom plished what the gunboats fell into failed to accomplish. Contraband traffic of all kinds with Virginia was carried on to and from the mouths of these creeks by means of small sail and row boats managed by a desperate class of negroes and white men for the compensation which blockade runners were willing to pay for their services. The three companies sent into these counties were under the command at of Major Chapman. near Port Tobacco. The population of this section of the country was thoroughly in sympathy with the South and slavery in its purity had existed there for more than a hundred years. who established his headquarters St. and the lower Potomac was constantly being crossed by people going from one point to the other. in the stillness of the night. of the navy. and it was their duty to patrol the river and picket the mouths of the numerous creeks flowing into the river from the Maryland side. in these small row and sail boats. This part of the river was patrolled by a flotilla of gunboats under the commond of Commodore McRae. This was the winter . Maryland. and many of the blockade runners boats. as was usually the case. slave property was the principal thing of value there out. and dis tributed his men in small squads at various points along the Potomac from Chaptico to the mouth of the Pautuxent river. Marys county. Leonardtown. but it seemed to be an easy matter for the blockade runners.14 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. to dodge past the gunboats and put into the mouth of some creek.
horse marines. and these operations were much confused and finally almost completely broken up by the assistance of the . work of these three companies. 15 and many of the men. and her disloyal population was arrogant in its defiance and contempt still in force of the federal authorities. ".". was within the federal the central point of active rebel operations lines. besides being active cavalrymen on land. The state did not pass the ordinance of secession. but for the reason that Union troops were located at nearly all points within her borders. Marys county. the county seat of St.with bloody hands to a hospitable grave/ would mean all of the state south of Washington City. or Parties going south into the confed territory. became skilled in the handling of small boats to such an extent that General Hooker called them his ". There were at this time some loyal people in the State of Mary land and in the person of Hon. which was a seething hotbed of disloyalty to the Union. and lower Maryland. they soil found in the rely this slaves themselves trustworthy friends for much valuable information as to upon whom they could existing conditions. found a protector and helper in every and the slave population. Wherever the Union troops marched and fought on Southern and where the institution of slavery existed. which seemed to realize that their days of bondage were nearing the end. and was particularly so in lower Maryland during the first winter of the war of the rebellion.HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. not perhaps because her lawmakers did not wish to. Leonardtown. The Fugitive Slave Law was and she was protected in her slave property. Montgomery Blair the State of Maryland was represented in the cabinet of President Lincoln. 1861. but we know that the secession thugs of Baltimore welcomed the first federal troops passing through there in April. reaching this coming north from rebel lower Maryland country. erate lines. hostile and doing all they could against their government. was the only draw back to this being a land of perfect safety for those who were resident.
to begin the Chickahominy campaign of 1862 at Norfolk. 1862. in March. When the Army of the Potomac under General McClellan the defenses of Washington. they were ordered to Thoroughfare Gap. joined in the movement. and this left the cavalry in charge of the camps to until March 24.16 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and from that time on the battalion was actively engaged in scouting in advance of General Geary s division. where it was a part of General Hooker s division which lay along the Potomac at that point. when the battalion was ordered Washing ton. going to Front headquarters after driving General Milroy out of the valley. and on May 24. at all the troops of Hooker s division Budds Ferry. which had artillery planted on the it bluffs to command the river at that point. and from which frequently shelled passing United States shells at vessels. to which he re left sponded with his batteries. General Geary at once availed himself of the ser vices of the Third Indiana. 1862. save the Third Indiana Cavalry. 1862. on the Orange . where General Geary was posted with a division of troops watching the operations of Gen. were con slave population in the shape of the information they stantly furnishing to the federal authorities. at which point the battalion joined General Shields and formed his rear guard as he fell back to Front Royal. Early Royal and near Winchester. it was con fronted by a division of confederates on the Virginia side of the river. General Shields division of Fremont s army had met Jackson to s troops at Port Republic. been worsted and retreated Luray. recalled to the camp of the regiment at Budds Ferry. and at times varied this random into General Hooker s work by throwing camp. 1862. and when the com their panies of the Third Indiana Cavalry that had wintered in community were. Stonewall Jackson in the Shenan- doah Valley. where Jackson had maintained his in June. which was the only cavalry at his dis posal. and was with him as he continued his march to Catletts Station. Virginia.
Major Chapman. routed and pursued the enemy to within sight of and tents Hanover Junction. destroyed the camp and burned the stores and seven carloads of grain. seeing that this column was about to return. I directed Major Davies to deploy the carbineers of the Harris Light Cavalry as skirmishers on the right and left of the road and Major Chapman (Third Indiana) to charge. Part 2. in Caroline county. Sud came down on our I ordered up the re- denly and unexpectedly a large force of cavalry (afterwards found to be Stewart s) right. where it joined the division of Gen. later famous in the cavalry annals of the war. opposite Fredricksburg.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. gaining ground to the right for the purpose of flanking the enemy. 17 in the & Alexandria railroad. and was here some weeks scout ing over the territory lying between Fredricksburg and Rich mond. charged most gallantly. Virginia. . where he was relieved of command field and sent to the Pacific coast. on the Rappahannock river. his the command being made up of 390 men from Second New York (Harris Light) Cavalry. Rufus King. nearly five miles. and I at once determined to attack him. country to Falmouth. near Carmel Church. a fine position for a cavalry fight. In Volume XII. 1862. Col. gives an official account of one of these encounters with the enemy on the 22d of July. Kilpatrick. and several brisk engagements took place at different points.I enemy s camp. J. We occupied a good position on a hill gently sloping towards the river. drawing his skirmishers back and beyond his column in the road. which was a part of General Burnside s From this point the battalion crossed the command. This territory was apparently it common to the cavalry of both the North and the South. south of the Massaponax river. Third Indiana 5 Cavalry and Fourteenth Brooklyn. reconnoitered the Colonel Kilpatrick says: ". up Major Davies advanced rapidly with to proceed the road in column of platoons his skirmishers. as for was no uncommon occurrence them to encounter each other during scouting expeditions. page 102.
Rufus King with his official account of his trip down the Telegraph road in the direction of Richmond on the 5th of August. of Captain Walter At page 122 of the same volume. although greatly outnumbering our tired soldiers.-Gen. was the after march was resumed. He says : ".". s Battery were sent forward to engage them. John Gibbons fur nishes Gen.18 serves. heat. was promptly met by Majors Davies and forced back in great confusion far behind the s and worn-out Chapman and fire Major Chapman and his whole command promptly obeyed every order. ". At Thornburg. I also sent a company of cavalry across to examine the Bowling Green road. I decided to return to camp. the Nineteenth Indiana. whose advance was stopped by a few shots from our skirmishers and four or five shots from Monroe s guns. fifteen miles out. enemy fell back . 1862. and the Third Indiana Cavalry and Monroe ".I proceeded out the Telegraph road with the Second and Seventh Wisconsin. The day was so in tensely hot that I was unable to proceed further.". carbineers. and charged most gallanty. first sending a part of the cavalry to our right to get in on the rear of a party reported to be there by a cavalry picket I had sent on that road in the morning. for the purpose of destroying the Virginia Central railroad. the cavalry in advance was fired upon by a six-pounder gun and driven back by a cavalry force. the Third Indiana Cavalry and Monroe s (Rhode Island) Battery. Brig. Braver and more eager men never met the enemy.but. and the enemy. and the moving up the Bowling Green road. owing to the intense . enemy this s and I pushed forward cavalry was In movement a considerable force of Stewart s encountered drawn up in line of battle.". with a larger force than my own. guns were heard in our and reported to General Hatch. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. the Just before reaching our camp of the night before rear. The next day marching seven miles learned that General Stewart. All prospect of surprising enemy at the railroad was given up and.the says Captain Monroe (page 126).
after being paroled by his captors. W.". 1862. While performing this made captain captain of of Company F. where he was kindly nursed for several weeks until able to mand Captain be removed. Flippo. a cripple for life. also scouting in that section of the country. and. of Company F. and the institution of slavery. and we kept up the chase for two hours and a half. Being on parole. followed by our cavalry and the battery. Flippo. twelve miles south of Fredricksburg.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. but apparently the moment the section was invaded by federal troops the institution of slavery began to interest itself in the subject of its own freedom. he was discharged and sent home. connected by rail. 19 most hurriedly. In this engagement Marmaduke Green. T. Wright was resigned and returned home. loading in all the pahannock. In these summer days of 1862 this old Virginia country is recalled with much interest by the writer. Moffitt was made Company In July. which had flourished here from the days when Virginia was a colony and to the time of our advent had been undisturbed. Between Fredricks burg and Richmond. and Captain Keister. at the farm of Dr. Captain Moffitt was attacked by Moffitt a superior force of rebel cavalry. William M. was killed. Lieutenant Henry F. duty Captain Carland and Lieutenant Powers. Third Indiana. while scouting with twenty-five of his men. when we went into camp on the Massaponax river. was left at the home of Dr. until nightfall. D and Lieut. after he was sent within our lines. . were some of the finest farms and farm homes in the state. he being the first man killed in action in our regiment. and with part of his com was captured and taken to Richmond. and in a short time slaves. of Company D. tions were denuded of their many of the old-time planta who embraced every oppor tunity to escape to the federal lines and camps north of the Rap- Often at midnight old and trusted slaves on these plantations would hitch up the family carriage. Gwinn was seriously wounded. of Company D. In the fight Sergt.
was a compactly brick-built. but instinctively they seemed to observation that their lives were different from the know from lives of the masters. and by daylight would be well on their way to the fabled land of the free. located on the south bank of the Rappahannock. to that one ruled and the other obeyed. and would strike out towards the unknown in the night time. and they seemed have a vague idea that the antipode of slavery was to equal of his master. one begging the other to return to the old home. but they were seldom overtaken until safe within our lines and the power of slavery was broken. perhaps in many instances their treatment had not been harsh. that one was property and the other was not. were pathetic indeed. Frequently they would be followed by foot carrying their earthly belongings in sacks their old masters or some member of the family. in a beautiful valley of that river. Bowling Green. and it make the slave the was seldom the pursuing master was able to induce his escaped chattel to return to the plantation. known anything but Scarcely any of these slaves had ever and slavery. it children and connection was possible to carry. Fredricksburg. the mother of the Father of His Country. little old city of historic interest. the county seat of Caroline county. and perhaps permitted by the officers was at times fortunate in command to drive it back to the old plantation. followed by others on and pillow slips on their heads.20 HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. was in the midst of a thriving section of country and was an active part of the Southern Confederacy. but some of these interviews between old masters and old slaves. George Washington was born on a plantation. A few miles below the city on the peninsula formed by the Potomac and Rappahannock. He enough to recover the family carriage and horses in some federal camp. midway between Fredricks- burg and Richmond. in Fredricksburg he had his first office as a land surveyor and upon a little hillock overlook . which we passed . her resting place being marked by a ing the city granite block ten feet high by eight feet square. was buried Martha Washington.
All troops in front of Washington and in the Shenandoah Valley were placed at the dis posal of General Pope. in Virginia. and in June. on the river. graduates of West Point. in December following. and when General Pope. and at Corinth. The country was flooded with ambitious young army officers. While the battalion had its camp and performed service in this historic section of the country the scene of conflict in Virginia was the shifted.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. his work with what might be termed a grand on his ". and particularly at Island No.headquarters established his in the saddle. which was evidently an unwise thing to announce.look flourish that savored of a feeling of self-sufficiency part. 1862. and in taking its command of this new army had commander in a bombastic proclamation announced that he ". which the eastern battalion was there to and which lay in camp around Falmouth. division. and fought the Army of the Potomac. General McClellan with his magnificent army was compelled to fall back upon his base of supplies at Harrisons Landing. to was something doing. was ordered . were disposed to fold their hands. under General Burnsides. 10.". James at This seems to have been foreseen by the authorities Washington. who had rendered conspicuous service in the West. and But soon after he took s command General Rufus King attached. on the Mississippi river. were impressed with their capacity for command. Lee s Army of Northern Virginia was posted.". was begun under the command of General John Pope. where. even if it was the proper thing to do. daily. with such dis astrous results to the Union cause. After many fierce conflicts from Norfolk up through swamps of the Chickahominy in an effort to reach Richmond. suddenly pro moted from a subordinate position to this new and exalted com all of whom mand. the formation of a new army in front of the defenses of Washington. 21 The road winding up the hill by this monument passed General over Maryes Heights. went about his brother officers listen.
There was daily fighting between the advancing confederates and retreating federals. when General Burnto destroy all commander there. which had been the last body of troops sides. own army and supported by a part of the Potomac. and General Lee constantly crowding him. swooped down and made it his Shiloh and Corinth. while the victorious enemy on the west bank of the Potomac seemed to flaunt defiance at the Capital of his country ere he prey. where were fought the series of bloody engagements known in history as the Second Battle of Bull Run. Pope with of the Army feated. sent too late to help him much. had been ordered government stores at that point and fall back on Washington. after two days fighting. the last to evacuate Fredricksburg. . And it looked little better in the West. seemed after many fierce encounters and the loss of thousands of brave men. was de his and that general s meteoric career came to an end in less than six weeks. including the battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry. and at once moved up the Rappahannock. 1862. the Union troops were compelled to fall back with General Siegel s division bringing up the rear.22 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and the roar of cannon heard in our camps and on the picket post we occupied told us the conflict was moving northward. and from whence they had started six months before. where. were back on the ground where they were equipped. s army heading northward. two great armies had gone out from that city under petted commanders to meet the enemy in the field. His army and the Army of the Potomac were within and behind the defenses of Washington. and made its first grand stand on the plains of Manassas. Between the first of March and September. join Pope. these armies with their trailing banners and with broken ranks. leaving the cavalry to guard government stores at Falmouth. That city when we reached it was one vast hospital over which to hang the gloom of defeat. We were right in our con jectures. Pope s army was on the retreat. and in a very few days thereafter was in the thick of the bloody battle of Slaughter Mountain. and.
Sixth and Eighth Pennsylvania regiments of cavalry. who the Ohio river and invade the North. and destined to be associated with the first two named regiments during the re mainder of its career in the army. of the authorities. under their daring leader. Stone wall Jackson swept up through the Shenandoah Valley with Har pers Ferry and Maryland Heights as his objective. Alfred Pleasanton in advance.the melancholy days had it But was an hour that demanded prompt decision on the part a The vanguard of the confederate army crossed few miles above Washington and the invasion of the North had begun. ". Lee s cavalry. our Western armies that had penetrated Mississippi were back on was threatening to cross This was the situation on the it Kentucky soil to confront Bragg. They fought a sharp engagement where several men of the Eighth Illinois and Third Indiana were killed. with a cavalry corps under Gen.". The advance cavalry of McClellan s army was engaged in daily skirmishes with the cavalry of the enemy on Maryland soil. 23 Pea Ridge.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Eighth first time New York. 1862. The Eighth Illinois had a bloody encounter in the streets of Fredrick on the 12th of September. with General McCellan in command. as well as at Sugar Loaf and Jackson s a day and then moved on Harpers Ferry. With the advance of this cavalry was the battalion of the Third Indiana. Stonewall Jackson occupied Fredrick for at Poolesville. first day of September. was entrenched. now for the brigaded with the Eighth Illinois. the Potomac Stewart. and moved northward through Maryland. rear guard . approached the northern defenses of the Capital. and looked to those who loved and had fought for their country that come. The reorganization of the Army of the Potomac was effected without delay. Lee s army had crossed the Potomac and was in Maryland. where General Miles. Fort Donelson and Fort Henry had been fought. but while the armies that had operated in Virginia were within the defenses of Washington. with thirteen thousand men.
of the Third In town at the time. XIX. The confederate battery with supporting cavalry limbered to the rear and broke in a wild flight down the National road across the Middletown Valley pursued by the Third Indiana and Eighth Illinois into the village of Middletown.24 Mountain. all of the enemy in the The next day. of leaped a stone wall right into a Company D. under First Lieutenant Chapin to occupy Poolesville. commanding to 19. Major Chapman. Ed Eighth Illinois. As his force neared Poolesville. Alfred Pleasanton. moved out on the Na tional road crossing Catoctin Mountain. We camped in that beautiful little city of the moun at sunrise. says : the 7th instant two squadrons of the Eighth Illinois and two of the Third Indiana. Colonel Farnsworth moved his command the Third Indiana. enemy was in these mountains waiting for They greeted us with a battery posted in a mountain pass. tains HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. wards Ferry. Cavalry Division. The Third Indiana counted off by fours and the dismounted crawled up the mountainside through bushes and over stone men fences. and some squadrons of the Third Indiana pushed after them. -Gen. section of horse artillery of Com pany M. and soon made it too hot for that battery to operate. and where he had halted South Mountain. reporting operations from September 4 at page 208. and on the morning of the 13th. Second Artillery. where we re ceived the fire of a battery from Turners Pass. Of these affairs Brig. made a dash on Poolesville and captured two cavalry videttes. A mile from our camp of the night before the us. and picket the roads to Conrads Ferry. Trestor. Third Indiana in advance. under diana. ". which turned out to be the headquarters of to fight the battle of General Lee. the on the night of the 12th. was killed as he bunch of confederates in hiding its behind it. the 8th instant. In this fight Oliver H. They had not proceeded far before the enemy opened .On Part 2. Vol. the enemy was observed retreating on the road leading to Barnesville. Barnesville and the Monocacy.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROBERT KLEIN. .
sixteen wounded and six prisoners loss amount all cavalry. where the road passes over the Catoctin range of the Blue Ridge. A rapid pursuit was made and a number of prisoners taken. were detached and directed to pursue a rebel wagon train. under Major Medill. On the morning of the 13th instant. ". chase was continued until after dark. I started at daylight on the Hagerstown turnpike and had proceeded some three or four miles when the enemy opened upon the advance with artillery from the ridge to the left. a fire 25 from some guns strongly posted on the right of the town. soon. E and F.HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. induced another backward move Middletown two companies of the Eighth Illinois and two companies of the Third Indiana. which Major Chapman. which made off in the direction of Barnesville. when the enemy made a second stand on the west side of Middletown. The squadrons of the Third Indiana. having previously barricaded the road in several places. As This detachment after train as it had gone southward down the a hot pursuit came in sight of the its wagon was slowly winding way up a mountain road. under to were now ordered done. After a severe cannonading and several warm vol leys with carbines. the miles. A couple of sec tions of Robertson s and Haines batteries immediately opened on our and some squadrons of the Eighth Illinois and Third Indiana were dismounted and sent up the mountain to the right side. with the remainder of my command. under Lieutenant Chapin soon silenced * The a section of artillery these guns. as skirmishers. . the Eighth Illinois one wounded. the enemy hastily retreated. which the cavalry dashed into the citizens of the town told us valley. Gibson s battery then came up and ment". batteries Their were supported by dismounted cavalry. the charge the battery. in beautiful style. was handsomely enemy s cavalry and artillery being driven over three The Eighth Illinois coming up. The rebel ed to eight killed.In this affair the Third Indiana lost one man killed and eleven wounded.
indiscriminately shooting at each other and using their sabers in the same reckless manner. charging us with sabers and pistols. of the former company. The detachment was it satisfied with observation and decided that did not want that wagon train anyhow. Corporal Sheiverbein and John Childs. Quebeck school- house stood at the head of this ravine. hemmed in on either side by a very crooked the it command which had left at worm fence. dashing back over the hill from whence they came. Williamson. s Legion of rebel cavalry. and then the clash came and Yankees and horsed and unhorsed. was a rebel shot through the heart and lay across sergeant also shot through the heart. The loss . Sergt. were captured but returned next day paroled. of the latter through the lungs. had entered the ravine Cobb Col. William Hinds. leaving us in possession of the field and their dead and wounded. P. Young. Com pany E. dashed down schoolhouse. Four men of company. mingled. the rear company of the detachment. and just as Company F of the Third Indiana. James H. rear was a battery of brass guns and enough rebel cavalry have swallowed the pursuing force. The column rebels halted and fired an oblique volley into the charging rebels. and for a few minutes a desperate little cavalry battle ensued. commanded by the mountainside past the M. of Company F. so that this particular route answered for the channel of a stream and a country road at the same time. was shot Company F. and Samuel Cross. but recovered. were badly hacked about their heads with rebel sabers.26 but in to its HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Third Indiana. B. and started to return to Middletown by a short cut down a winding stony ravine. Third Indiana. John Grubbs. In this little cavalry battle Corp. same regiment. was killed by having his head crushed with a saber in the hands of a rebel. until the the head of the column tore men at down the fence on the side of the ravine next to the attacking force and went at them in such splendid style that it was soon too hot for the rebels and they gave way. Joseph Lewis.
officers. equally singular. A is remarkable thing connected with this vigorous cavalry fight that General Pleasanton. but we have no accurate information on that point. brigadier-general. who appeared in force crossing the sides. Keports (War of the Kebellion Official Eecords of the Union and Confederate Armies). A brisk artillery fire took place on both and the . XIX. September 19. and Major both distinguished rebel assistant adjutant-general. wait ing the approach of the enemy. 1862. The brigade then took position in the rear of them. Vol. sides In the meantime skirmishers on both and the had become actively engaged fight was kept up until 2 p. does not mention He does mention many things which many remember as of far less importance. m. at page 824 of the same volume And find what is we a substantially accurate report of our operations 1862. tenant-Colonel Martin. inclusive. ". Hampton. he planted a battery fire on Lieutenant-Colonel Martin. when the enemy. in his report made in camp near Sharpsburg and dated September 19. and which was intended to cover the operations of the cavalry Army of the Potomac in this from September 4 this to engagement of us at all. gaining a position which commanded Hart s guns as well as the road. but regarding this engagement he is silent. commanding all the cavalry of the Maryland campaign. Capt. a section of rifled guns Hart with had been sent fire to Lieu effect. I ordered the guns withdrawn and placed in position near Middletown. His report is found beginning at page 208 of Series I. to the 27 companies of the Eighth Illinois was about the same as those of the Third Indiana. F.At Wade on September 13.. and he returned the forcing the with good enemy to change his position more than once.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. mountain. and attempted to force his way across the moun on the pike and opened J. Part 1. signed by Fitzhue. His advance guard being driven back. General Hampton says : daylight on the morning of September 13 the enemy made his appearance tain.
wound became painful. Lieutenant-Colonel Martin on this occasion. I was directed by him my command in the direction of Burkittsville. I beg to commend the conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Martin and his held the gap of the mountain. was the rear guard of the brigade during the fight at Middletown. as his wounded.Before leaving this part of my report. which they bore without the slightest confusion in the ranks. under command of Col. command while he The men of Lieutenant-Colonel Martin fought with their accustomed gallantry. who had been detailed as sharpshooters.28 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. the legion crossing sabers with the Yankees and chasing them some distance. Having held withdraw sharpshooters of the two forces also became engaged. On the road to this place I discovered. he was left at Boonsborough. a gallant was among the but. I proceeded towards Burkittsville. as on all others. nor lost eight officer.The command on to Boonsborough. conducted himself as a gallant and able officer. and they were ably supported by a portion of the North Carolina Regiment. First North Carolina Regiment. ". Baker. .After withdrawing the brigade from Middletown. was there They wounded and Captain Siler. The order was carried out in gallant style. ". men conducted themselves to my They were exposed to a severe fire. Taking the Cobb Legion with me. while a published account of the Yankees now before me admits the loss of thirty killed and wounded. sending s my guns and Lieutenant-Colonel Martin ". three missing. -Col. Five prisoners were taken. having his leg broken. and both officers and perfect satisfaction. a regiment of Yankee cavalry. on a road parallel to the one on which we were. The prisoners taken belonged to the Third Indiana and Eighth Illinois. artillery and musketry. I directed Lieut. He was brought off. Young to charge this regiment. where I expected to form a junction with Colonel Munford. flinching. the enemy in check sufficiently long to accomplish the object de to sired by General Stewart.
upon the advancing Union by the federal guns posted upon every elevation in the valley below. From the mountainsides the rebel guns rained their iron hail lines. I moved on to Burkittsville. G. I take command. and in our presence a line of infantry more than a mile long moved to and were responded slowly up the mountainside over the cleared lands to the timber s . pleasure in calling attention to the behavior of this led with great gallantry. who led the charge.Lieutenant-Colonel 29 Young. and Capt. received a painful wound in the leg. ".". Our loss was four killed and nine wounded. after his fall. It was an infantry and gagement in which the cavalry merely supported batteries. on the eastern slope of South tain at and below Turners Pass. J. whose company was in the advance. After driving this cavalry. and. During the night following this day s work of the cavalry. Artil lery. and on the next day. S. the 14th of September. the battle battle of Moun en known in history as the artillery South Mountain. was fought. and that in the fiercest shock of battle the services of cavalry were not usually available. It was the first general engagement in which the Third Indiana Cavalry had participated and showed us what afterwards proved to be our experience that the hard work and real fighting of the cavalry usually preceded and followed the great battles of the war. In one thousand federals and fourteen hundred rebels as were killed and twice many wounded. Among the former I regret to have to mention Lieutenant Marshall and Sergeant Barksdale. 1862. and about the only inaccuracy on the part of General Hampton is that the cavalry which he drove remained on the field while his command left it in short order. the Army of the Potomac came up. Wright. 13. and met with no this battle casualties. Second U. the Third Indiana being assigned to Battery M. was wounded in the arm. Major Colonel Young Delony.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. where we remained during the night of September Thus is preserved from oblivion an account of a the fight of which men engaged were ever proud.
from that timber edge very much mountain its crater. when the Union troops had gained the crest of the mountain and Lee battle s army fell back. This lasted until 10 o clock at night. his first on Maryland soil having failed. interspersed fierce yells of desperate with rolling volleys of musketry and the men engaged in a death struggle. It crossed . 1862. s army fell back across the Potomac the first to and the cavalry followed up and was discover and run upon his entrenchments on the south side of the river. The cavalry moved up and stood picket on the mountain summit the remainder of the night and at dawn moved down its western slope and was soon engaged in a fight with the rebel cavalry rear guard at Boonsborough in the next valley beyond. when. was begun the which lasted until nightfall and in which more men were and wounded on both the entire war. The advancing Union ward movement. field The Army of the Potomac lay upon this battle recuperating until the during that time the cavalry first day of November. but was not otherwise engaged and suffered no casualties. where the rebel battalion lay army had halted. answered with its a volley and yell equally as terrific and never wavered in for The battle of South Mountain was on in all its The thunder of all the artillery of both armies echoed and re-echoed down this lovely Middletown Valley. With all the army the upon the eastern slopes of Antietam creek until the battle morning of September 17. and when near s it a blaze and roar burst forth like a line. but was not idle by any means. sides in one killed day than in any other battle of The Third Indiana Cavalry crossed Antietam creek with Pleasanton s at 10 o clock in the forenoon and was in line of battle supporting artillery. ferocity. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. On the night of September 19 Lee at Shephardstown.30 edge. From this point the Third Indiana had the ad vance to the eastern bank of Antietam creek overlooking Sharpsburg. along entire length. at daylight.
was togged out in complete new federal uniforms. battlefield of While the Army of the Potomac lay on the An- tietam. The . but only brush with the enemy. the rebel cavalry to capture a federal battery making a desperate effort Eighth Illinois. No one was hurt. with this The whom were mistaken for federal cavalry by General Pleasanton until they rode up within a quarter of a mile of where he had stopped to get breakfast. Eighth New York which was successfully resisted by the and Third Indiana throwing themselves between the advancing enemy and the battery. and rebel force. and its in which pursuit the Third Indiana participated. after a sixty-mile ride. which they had cap tured from the United States quartermaster at Chambersburg. and thus enabling it to retire safely across the Potomac. going as far Chambersburg and passing around the outposts of the federal army. by the President of the United States. In a few days thereafter the President himself came to Sharpsburg and with General McClellan reviewed the army. across the Potomac. and opened with artil lery upon his headquarters. engagement was had.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The most momentous event of the war occurred while the Ariny of the Potomac lay on the battlefield of Antietam. the 31 Potomac a number of times. after riding thirty hours. 1862. stolen in Pennsylvania. riding by us on horse back while each organization of troops stood at present arms. One of these encounters at Halltown lasted a good part of one day. but some very fine steers intended for rebel con sumption were recaptured. where the raiders were overtaken while attempting to get a herd of cattle. the cavalry of the rebel army crossed the Potomac at Han cock and as made a plundering raid into Pennsylvania. Of course this was the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation on the 22d of September. pursued by all the cavalry under General Pleasanton. was at the mouth of the Monocacy. feeling for the position of the enemy. and always found him in greater or less force and had numerous skirmishes.
succeeded the H. opening on the right at daylight with an onslaught by Hooker s right wing. he resigned. General McClellan. but they do have the right to draw conclusions from facts. is martyr President as he appeared before us there not likely to be forgotten while life and memory remains to any one of our number. It dem onstrated also to the authorities at Washington that the time had come for a change in commanders of the Army of the Potomac. fought in and around Cavalry.32 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and Sharpsburg. Fitz-John Porter s division. that never fired a gun. The humble private in the ranks looking on Burnsides conflict with Jackson for six long hours with nothing gained. has right fully gone into history as one of the mighty conflicts of the war and was the end of Lee s Maryland campaign of 1862. lay Gen. Maryland. On the 24th of October. Through this Maryland campaign Lieutenant-Colonel Buchanan had been in command of the eastern battalion of the Third Indiana Major to vacant command. dark. and running down the line two miles to the left. 1862. and it was fought piecemeal by the Army of the Potomac. cisive battles. It is not for historians to fight battles. few battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry stood in line but a yards from the famous Dunkard church. 1862. wondered why Fitz-John Porter s splendid body of splendidly equipped men. on the 17th of September. and only a mile away. who had commanded that army for a year. when at 2 o clock in the afternoon Burnsides became engaged with Stonewall Jackson and fought until after In the rear of Burnsides position. the best and finest body of troops in the whole army. and the great. . where the slaughter on the 17th of September had been the most frightful of all that awful battle. was what might have been termed the pet soldier of the Republic. all day long. All of Lee s rebel army was engaged. sad-faced. Chapman George The great and bloody battle of Antietam. Under his command the army had fought many but usually unde Antietam was a drawn battle and settled nothing.
espe cially in the this flatterers always employ. s They were ready to raise the cry that with McClellan removal from command the country was lost. and the authorities at the time was felt close at Washington could plainly see that hand when it would be safe to do what they viz. and when the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac. had long should be done. 33 It the ranks the next day by still men of humble station was spoken of in as the two armies lay confronting each other. who were generally found clustered around and the reception they always received from the head of the army made them ever ready to sound his praises and conceal his blunders. lost caste with the army. double the force engaged on our left. change the head of the Army of the Potomac. the To men engaged in that battle s it looked that. Burnsides was able to hold his own. was not sent to the assistance of Burnsides. who always provoked cheers his soldiers when he appeared before them.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. During the year of his command General McClellan had built up around himself a great and formidable personal following. and this following had made itself felt throughout the North. The leading papers of the country were ably represented by field correspondents. sounded the praises of his regiments to their faces on the England following by the diplomacy which Eastern and New States. As it was. of the objects of his and the plan took so effectually that many flattery were ever ready to defend and con to be done any apparent blunder as really the exploit of a great com mander. the rebel right left would have been its with serious results. had Burnsides been assisted by Porter doubled around on to division. He had built up He slightest provocation. With double and more than would not Jackson have been swept off his feet ? From from that day General McClellan. This cajoled element in the army had reckoned with.. the change came were prompt to sound a doleful cry of disasters .
this all took the step was that no such feeling fact was detected by President Lincoln. and not the at the war. sure to follow. On the 26th of October. Skirmishing with the rebel cavalry began almost at once.34 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. with the Eighth Pennsylvania and Third Indiana Cavalry. Potomac The Third Indiana was now a part of the Second General Pleasanton in his report of operations at this time (Vol. when they declared for a con tinuance in power of the great and patient man who subsequently died a martyr for his country. fact The After the went on as spasm of the flattered alarmists had died out all well as it had in this great army. and he knew was right. Part s a 2. except fire field. no further advance was made. The impartial ballot verdict of history is that McClellan. pursued this cavalry and drove it very handsomely from some woods it had attempted to hold. And this was the verdict of the voters box in November. while McClellan went first home scheming for the presidential nomination of the party that opposed the war. Maryland. the cavalry of the left Army of the Maryland soil and recrossed the Potomac river at Berlin. The rebels left five officer Our loss was one and one and men wounded. and Washington. the enemy bringing up his artillery.war to use his arts of flattery in was a failure. to silence the rebel guns by the dead on the thirteen of Pennington s battery. killed. several hundred entered. and began its southward movement in the direc tion of Richmond. 1864. was a failure. page 125) says: On November we 1 the com mand moved forward and of Stewart occupied Philomont. cavalry leaving about the time Colonel Gregg. but. . XIX. Brigade.". The rank and mutiny file of the army was represented as ready to rise in at as their response to the action of the government existed. and the leading declaration of his platform after receiving that nomination was that the ". 1862.
to almost before the smoke had cleared away. On November to 5 we en and countered them eight wounded. from Culpepper attacked Pleasanton s command in force.that back at nightfall without gaining the General Pleasanton says in his report. and their retreat for several miles on the road to Upperville. The report of Col. walled on either side by stone fences. On the 8th we skirmished at Newbys Cross Roads. where we the 6th lost five killed On we ran on and them again at Waterloo. Eighth Pennsylvania. of the affair at David McM. artillerymen s caps and clothing. and the rebels information they sought.On 35 November 2 my advance came up with the enemy at Union. which resulted in the blowing up of one of their caissons. and was a lovely land to look upon. and in that action captured two guns.". also three officers and ten men. and on the 10th the rebels. and winding over hills and through valleys. as campaign of the cavalry in Loudon orders were then received directing no . ". It was a red hot fight. in which both infantry and cavalry participated on fell both sides. but no carcasses. and prisoners taken reported that it was a movement by General Longstreet to ascertain where the Army of the Potomac was. on the 9th at Corbins Cross Roads. broken wheels. ". Gregg.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Illinois volume. by which a number of their men were killed. in their pursuit of the rebels flying towards Upperville. at Amosville Little Washington. and on the 7th Barbes Cross Roads. Philomont is also found at page 129 of the same were on the ground which General Pleasanton refers. but all we found were splinters. of the rebel Stewart s cavalry was the rear guard army and was at contesting every step of the advance of the federal cavalry under Pleasanton. The Third Indiana and Eighth where the caisson blew up. their They had some infantry supporting guns and very soon some sharp fighting began. this action closed the and Fauqier counties. This Virginia country east of the Blue Ridge mountains was traversed by splendid turnpike roads. both infantry and cavalry.
further advance towards Culpepper. where rested the remains of so many brave men of both armies. Bull Run and Culpepper. where but little more than two months before hands of the enemy it it had met defeat in bloody was now pursuing. 1862. anton says to : XIX. traversed the plains of Manassas. battles at the The country. In closing his report on page 128 of Vol.000 prisoners of war without losing a gun or a color.36 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.It is but justice to the troops I have had honor command that I should mention the results of their laborious exertions and chivalrous gallantry under stances. and vast sec tions of it had ceased to be the habitation of man or beast. General Pleasthe- ". but in the ides of November. while the main army. . fight tion of ing his cavalry at every gap in the mountains. had much the appearance of a barren waste. Here and there stood a lone chimney surrounded by the charred embers of some destroyed home and an occasional straggling apple tree was all that was left to mark the civilization which in earlier and happier years marked the proud old Virginia as the mother of Presidents. four stands of colors and 1. in the dreary. the capture of which the entire North for four years seemed to consider would end the war. and informing the army that Major-General Burnsides had relieved Major-General McClellan of the command of it. In the return march of the Army of the Potomac in the direc Richmond.". under Burnsides.". Appomattox came later to vindicate the Army of the Potomac and give battles it the proud distinction of fighting its bloodiest and ending the war. and which had been marched and countermarched over so often by both armies. many adverse circum to the From the time the army left Washington end of the campaign at Washington the cavalry of my command had taken from the enemy six pieces of artillery. late autumn days of 1862. the cavalry followed along the base of the mountains which concealed Lee s army.
the days seemed indeed. one of the finest plantations in all Virginia. situated. for at midnight on the first of Decem 1862. King Georges During this service the camp Col. where he housed his three hundred slaves. in county. future. used their dog in a very few days were quite comfortably tion ber. and on the slope of the hill towards the river were our quarters. with . The eastern battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry went into camp at Belle Plains. erected stick chimneys. the south bank of the by the infantry of Stonewall Jackson. The battalion picketed the river for several miles in front of this plan tation as far southward as Port river being picketed Conway. as 37 we marched The or countermarched across those bleak plains toward ". a landing on the Potomac. and This situa was of brief duration. full of uncertainty. chinked them with mud. and the recent past bloody horrors was not far behind. of the battalion was on the three-thousand-acre farm of William Tailo. in the edge of a pine thicket. the battalion was ordered to move southward fifteen miles for picket duty on the Rappahannock. where the men built cabins of small pine logs. The master located on the of this splendid estate lived in a fine country seat. tents for roofing.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and if the reader can was before put himself in the place of such that it men he can come to understand was valor and patriotism and dearly bought discipline which still made the Army of the Potomac a terrible and splendid went into winter quarters on the banks of the Eappahannock in the winter of 1862 and 1863. brow of a hill overlooking a broad expanse of fertile river-bottom lands. Fredricksburg. a short distance below the mouth of Acquia creek.melancholy days". which had once been the home of Washington and where reposed the remains of his mother. The cavalry was the first to appear at Falmouth on the north bank of fighting it machine when the river and locate the enemy in his winter quarters and en trenched on Maryes Heights surrounding the old-time city of Fredricksburg. with its it.
1862. and this battle was the unfortunate ending of the country s second year of war for its existence. but the were against it in the position held by the enemy. pelled to fall back to their own little Both the Eastern and Western battalions of the Third Indiana Cavalry had had a similar experience. and the latter utilized an old-fashioned water mill which the farm was equipped. to convert a quantity of the Colonel s wheat into unbolted flour that made and its slave miller. com and and base of supplies the end of the year found the armies either East or West advanced from where they had started a year before. . and during which time we witnessed the bombardment and the slaughter of ten thousand brave Union men by the enemy posted on Maryes Heights. The Colonel s son was an officer in one of Jackson s regiments across the river immediately in front of us. could be accepted as a favorable omen. in spired by a dogged determination to ultimately conquer. Colonel Tailo s whom we became corn cribs and wheat stacks furnished a splendid supply of forage for the horses and men. Each had been constantly engaged in the advance skirmishes of the respective armies to which they belonged. and in retreat had formed a part of the rear . where we sat in line for two days. Our great armies in the East and West had advanced terrible battles into the heart of the soil. 1862.38 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and the old gentleman himself made no pretense of loyalty to the Union. The year had not been propitious for the cause of the Union. unless our vastly increased armies of better drilled soldiers. with very passable biscuits. on excellent terms. that the demand of the politicians at Washington and elsewhere for a battle of the old city might be answered. fought on his and. We enjoyed his hospitality for about two weeks until called to the battlefield of Fredricksburg on the night of December 12. frontier. by being outmaneuvered. better than fates it The Army of the Potomac never fought did at Fredricksburg in December. enemy s country.
and their chief compensation was in their experience which necessarily came with such experience. and the end of this term of service found both on the outpost picket and firing line. . ready to go when service efficiency of sixteen months 7 and the called or ordered. 39 guard that held the enemy in check. Both had suffered in the loss of brave men.HISTORY OF THE THIED INDIANA CAVALRY.
Thomas s division. ordered to General Buell. Army of the Ohio. Pursuant to this policy. Kentucky. organized service. commanding the Fourth Divi40 . four companies above mentioned and designated as a part of the Third Indiana Cavalry. but was ordered back to Louisville after a few days. prior to the creation of the Depart ment of Kentucky had been sent in about equal proportions to Gen. Louisville. and they began to meet in regi ever joined either one of as recruits to fill mental reunions. were ever permitted to join the battalion that had departed for the East. H. Company G. VII. of Rebel lion Record. doing duty at his head quarters. Alfred to Gen. was at his head report to under Capt. and designated first as a part of the Third Indiana Cavalry.-Gen. Company H. McCook s division for duty Gaddis. page 467). G. the ten And the only men who companies now in the field went up the depleted ranks of the various companies. reported to General McCook Company I. Indiana troops. at Elizabethtown. Vol. after the formation of the new department as fast Department of Kentucky. under Capt. D. according to the record (War 1861. assigned quarters. and the men of the regiment who served in the Army of the until after Potomac never knew anything about the others the close of the war. became a part of Brig. as organized. I and K. after the mustered and ordered to the six companies had been Army of the Potomac. on December 6. Neither one of the four companies. Kentucky.CHAPTER and mustered into the II. commanded by Capt. A. George H. sent to this And thus it was that the as mustered. were. Fremont in Missouri and General McClellan in Virginia. Felix Graham. when ready for the field were ordered to Louisville. General Nelson. Will C. Moreau.
.MAJOR CHARLES LEMON KILLED AT GETTEYSBURG.
in which the rebel generals Payton and Zollicoffer were killed. On the march ond Lieut. These two companies were Companies I and of the Third Indi ana Cavalry. Oliver Childs. resigned. who were the commissioned officers of Company I. at Paducah. 1862. him under Capt. and deliver the remains of of Companies G these distinguished rebels to their friends. Wilkinson second lieutenant of that company. rebel lines a day and night. acted as scouts. commands Green river in their several movements in Kentucky. thus assigned. Tighlman Fish and Sec 1862. Robert Klein K These different companies. and Lieutenants Hedrick and Wilkinson remained officers of the company until the close of its . on the 25th of January. Tennessee. First Lieut. with their respective accom s panied this expedition. Vanarsdol was made captain and Thomas B. numbering over one hundred thousand men. about the first of March. Charles Hedrick. VII. page 654). Kentucky. Captain Vanarsdol resigned on the 1st of May. They were within the to Nashville. until our armies. and were with those dif ferent river. sion of the 41 Army of the Ohio.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1862. Argus D. on the 22d of February. with one hundred picked men was sent into the rebel lines to escort v and H. Will C. on Salt and the Ohio. of the Generals Johnson and staffs. pickets. promoted to first lieutenant. as well as reporters from Frank Leslie Magazine and the Cincinnati Commercial. 1863. Captain Gaddis. reports that he had two companies of Indiana cavalry with (Vol. Captain Klein being captain of the latter company. JSTegley. Union forces. and on the 27th of Febru ary. 1862. 1862. and on the 16th of February. After the battle of Mills Springs. concentrated at Nashville. Moreau. Capt. served with the com mands to which they were assigned. orderly sergeant of the company. Under their several assignments these companies performed orderly duty. Tennessee. and had numerous skirmishes of the at different times with small bodies enemy s cavalry that was always active on the front of our advancing armies. was mustered as second lieutenant.
and performing the same kind of duty they had performed from the first. was detailed as provost guards for the city. After reaching Nashville Company I. having been promoted from second to first lieutenant on the 30th of April. H commands at the great battle of Shiloh. which Captain Klein lost two man On field the 15th of March. and on the first 17th of May. became captain. encountered a force of out of Nashville. near Pittsburg Landing. They were with their respective of Shiloh. service. 1862. the its former being captain of the company at the discharge. and cavalry only performed escort. William J. with McCook ".On s head quarters. Capt.42 term of date of HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Alfred Gaddis. Graham. Company G. At of Shiloh. on the 6th of April. 1862. wrote: ". on the 9th of April. 1862. the finally army at Nashville began the march that brought it to Pittsburg Landing and the battle and Companies G. 1862. Capt. which they had accompanied from the Ohio river. of the Third Indiana Cavalry. of the same company. in killed. K were still with the headquarters commands. K. scouting and picketing the various roads leading In one of these scouts on the Murfreesborough pike Captain Klein with his company. On the same date Sergt. The other three companies continued to perform duty at the respective headquarters to which they had been assigned. in a letter dated April 10. Daniel Callahan was made second lieutenant. the lieutenant of that company.". 1862. George F. Felix W. Lucas. Lieut. orderly and picket duty. and was con tinued in the performance of this duty until Bragg s invasion of it Tennessee and Kentucky in the summer of 1862.The battle was raging when . of Company H. General Morgan horses and one s rebel cavalry. but that was an infantry and artillery battle. when was withdrawn with our other forces and accompanied the armies northward to Louisville. the Battlefield. Herriott. 1862. resigned and returned home to become colonel of the Fifth Indiana Cavalry.
was absent. off. Cavalry could not be used to advantage in the woods. It was a horrible sight.secesh". The dead seemed field On this and sent Captain Gaddis was taken down with typhoid fever to his home in the North. Our wounded had our off. acting in the had been acting at march and at the his headquarters. Tenn. tached service until April in 1863. It is quite cold and has rained I rode over the battlefield with General McCook and been taken his staff.secesh guests on pasture. for they number. sick and on de company. driven back. The dead were being cared innumerable. 43 we got here.All many had to get other forces to help guard our baggage trains are back with the whole division trains. My command was not in the fight. four nights in succession. ". only the rebels are being ter. with all the tents and equipage. McCook s Next morn ing a number of prisoners were turned over to that I my charge as they were taken. and 7. so them. for.On and camp. which had got under cover of the gunboats for protection. We were sent with the Nineteenth Regulars to guard the batteries belonging to division and were detained here for further orders. Monday morning Buell s forces began the terrible slaugh and on Wednesday it still continued. of the Third Indiana Cavalry. siege and accompanied him on the of Corinth. We could hear the cannonading for miles.". Many of them have relatives and friends that bring them food. the enemy having possession of their battlefield ". None of the men have 77 tents. when he rejoined his camp near Murfreesborough. that is own men. except the gunboats. Company I. When we reached the river the musketry firing had ceased and all was all quiet. three in night to keep the ". and was with him until the . leaving baggage and every incumbrance behind.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. We are quartered in a wheatfield and have our ". and on the army marched. was with General same capacity it Nelson on the battlefield of Shiloh. that threw shells had repulsed Grant s army of sixty-five thousand.
Tennessee. was with him guarding General Sill s which was attacked by General Wheeler s rebel cav was only saved by brisk fighting alry and a force of infantry. on the 6th of December. Sill. and we find the same companies at page Companies G. Third Ohio and three companies of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Robert The record Klein. page 8) discloses that Second Indiana. McCook and the cavalry by Gen. Joshua W. Division of the First Army Corps. D. page 35. 1862. 591 of the same volume noted as unattached with the Second H commanded by Gen. which had been doing provost duty in Nashville from early in March. (Series 1. A. Part 1. XX. Vol. accord ing to a report of Colonel Buckland.) . 1862. 1862. and this was the first time the four companies of the Third latter city army. 1862. when it was detached and assigned to the cavalry corps commanded by General Thatcher. (Vol. At that time these companies were under the command of Robert Klein. Part 2. dated December 7. the latter who was promoted with Buell s major on the 20th of October. After the Shiloh and Corinth campaign these three companies to army fell back to Louisville before Bragg s invading were joined by Company I. and at the Indiana Cavalry in the West had ever been together and under one command. These were and K. 1862. This affair occurred on the road from Lebanon to Franklin. of the Fifth Kentucky Cav alry. and on the part of the Union forces guarding the train. of June. 1862. Capt. 1862. formed an independent cavalry brigade of the troops in the district of the Ohio commanded by General Buell. these four companies under the command of Major Klein formed part of Buell s advance cavalry and were with him at the battle of Perryville on the 8th of October. When Buell began his forward movement against Bragg in October. Captain Vanarsdol with two com panies of the Third Indiana wagon train. It con tinued with the advance of BuelPs army to Nashville. Third Kentucky. and. at this time the XVI.44 first HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
December 27 says ". Baldwin s Second Brigade. Vol. of Company G. Gen. He : reserve cavalry consisted of the new regiments. December 26. Overalls Creek. January 5.". XX. S. Irvin and John A. was always in the front and rendered In the engagement of December 27. nor could any one have maneuv better advantage than the captain in command. ".Major XX. and here I would say that no men could have behaved two companies. of Company H. Wilkinsons Cross Roads. six (Vol. Mason were among the In his report dated January 9. was ordered to the front.. December 29. Series 1. David S.The Third Indiana Cavalry of two companies. at Nolensville. General Johnson in his report (Vol. According to official reports killed. 1862) shows Companies G. Chief of Cavalry (page 617. War of the Rebellion Official Records) gives his account of the skirmishes near La Vergne. better than those ered them to The record that XX. under Captain Vanarsdol. and the 1st of January. the battalion efficient service. I and K. First Middle Tennessee. Anderson Troop. Sergt. S.The . and Lytles Creek. Third Indiana Cavalry. XX. one ambulance and thirty cavalry horses.". were three of the men killed. Army of the Cumberland. John badly wounded. 1862. Brig-Gen. In this report Colonel 45 Buckland says: ". (Vol. U. Army. viz. page 209) its casualties were four wounded. I commanded in person and . formed part of Col. Johnson s Second Division. and Pri vate Mack Dunn. Richard W. fifteen captured or missing. H. Stanley. Under their gallant leader. page 295) says: Klein and his battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry deserve special mention.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and Sergt. 1863. December 31. and with this command participated in the great Battle of Stone River on the 31st of December. Second East Tennessee Cavalry and four companies of the Third Indiana. page 176. Rich ard Newell and Private Stephen Moore. Philemon P. 1863. or Fifteenth Pennsylvania.
was most heroic. Maj. 3. 1863. artillery. Unfortu nately their advance proved too reckless. Third Indiana and Anderson Troop behaved very gal charging the enemy twice and bringing them to hand to hand encounters. and near Overalls Creek. Tenn. and the brave Major Ward and five men desperately wounded. and. including skirmishes at Triune. first On the morning of the 27th our cavalry encountered the enemy on the Nolensville pike one mile in advance of Bole Jack Pass. now deceased. during which time we had driven the enemy two miles beyond La Vergne.46 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. enemy s line of The Anderson Cavalry behaved most gallantly this day. moving on the Bole Jack road. we were had marched to directed to march upon Murfreesborough by the Franklin road. after with the loss of upon two regiments of rebel infantry in a gallant struggle.. officially reports his operations with the four companies. G. 1862. brigade having joined us. the former ". the troop fell ambush. preceded General McCook s corps on the Nolensville pike. Our cavalry drove them rapidly across Overalls Creek and within one-half mile of the battle. H.On The conduct of Majors Rosengarten and Ward. He says: . Their cavalry was in large force and accompanied by a battery of Fighting continued from 10 o clock until evening. at page 646 of the same volume. Robert Klein. in a report dated near Murfreesborough. Third Indiana Cavalry. Colonel Zahm s Murfreesborough. December 31. the 28th we made s a reconnoissance to College Grove and found that Hardee rebel corps On the 29th. December 27.". to January January 1863. were compelled to retire Major Rosengarten and six men killed. I and K. s the reserve cavalry communicating tered the We encoun enemy cavalry and found them in strong force at Wilkinsons Cross Eoads. ". 7.The lantly. Having dispersed their cavalry. the columns at the crossing of Stewarts Creek. from December 26. pushing a full charge upon the enemy for six miles.
remarking he had understood the Third knew how to take these rebels/ ordered me to move forward and take the advance of the column of cavalry then moving towards Triune. and. ground until Company I. the skirmishers on the flanks not being able to the soft come up for some time on account of nature of the ground and the fences intervening. and. and putting out an advance guard.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. with one company of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry. where their artillery covered them. Com held its pany G on the right. On the following my bat- . one or more regiments strong. heads only visible. ". obliging us to retire to the cover of the we advanced. bringing up the rear of the Second Division. the chief of cavalry. and two in front opened on woods from where us. We advanced across the open fields and were pouring in a steady fire at easy range when two pieces of artillery. 27th. on the left. Captain Herriott). who. encamped beyond Nolensville. and Company K. Captain Vanarsdol. Our advance soon encountered drawn up in line of battle. with the remainder of and drove them from this hill. to attack the side of the pike. having orders. Lieutenant Lieske. to a position advanced gallantly drove them across the narrow valley beyond.I succeeded in gaining the advance at about the point where s the enemy outposts were expected to be. about 500 yards to our left. ".We were ordered by General Stanley. from which they back to Triune. I then threw out por either tions of Company H. despite superior force. ". reported to General Stanley.The 47 the four companies under my command On left camp on 26th. our cavalry force fell Here we advanced. as ordered. Lieutenant Young commanding. the following morning. moved smartly down on the pike. This movement was done morning promptly but in good order. to the rescue. enemy on the right They were posted behind a stone wall. siderable force to enemy in con The column now moved fire them at a gallop. receiving the whole of their into one company (Company G. on the side of the pike.
all on provost duty. had it been in the opposite direction. We s participated in the fight and charge that followed. Corporal Justice. at intervals. the efficiency of battalion was destroyed in being divided by one of our own cavalry regiments running through our ranks and scattering the men. I regret to say that Corporal Justice was afterwards captured. captured five. Our loss sums the is up : Killed four. One of Company G. was in advance of the reconnoissance under General Wilsome sixteen of the enemy s On the Nolensville pike we had three killed and three We lost also a few horses. wounded and disabled. a On the On the 29th and 30th nothing of note was posted with our cavalry force beyond Wilsons Cross Eoads pike. your obedient servant. doubtless. of On the following escort. and two others wounded.Respectfully. days of the fight my battalion was six. Willich on that morning. but captured we did no stragglers. wounded missing ten. KLEIN. forming and charging until forced across the Murfreesborough pike. wounded. Private Daniel Gibbons. would my have been a most gallant charge and.Major R. We lost man Gen. We captured during the retreat eleven of the enemy. Commanding . by shooting down one of its captors and frightening the other away. Our total twenty-five men. When our forces first gave morning of the 31st ultimo my battalion way before overwhelming numbers of the enemy. recaptured our ambulance. ".48 talion lich . one killed by cannon shot. from tion. con taining our surgeon. ". This movement. thirty horses and one ambulance. its determina an efficient one. cavalry We were formed near the center of our when one the enemy in the afternoon again attempted to take our train. where first to We kept falling back.". and fighting. Battalion. occurred. on the rear and right of the Second Division. one of a my companies was form and drive the enemy from our train. Of loss missing doubtless nearly were captured. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
a large amount of Lieut- rebel subsistence stores. G. Jeff. Colonel Jones says: ". He made four different I never saw finer stands. XXIII. which position was handsomely carried by our troops. Daniel Gibbons was of 49 Cavalry. Tenn. page 42. indicates that the Western battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry was a busy body of Louisville with the their men from the time they left army in September. 1863. we find a part of the bat to the who were ordered by him the corps. According to a report of Brig. On the 9th of April. Forty-ninth Ohio and about seventy of the Third Indiana Cavalry. F. beginning with the 3d of February. head quarters of the general commanding This was on the llth of March. J.We found the enemy posted in strong position four miles from Mid dletown. Col. 1863. a number of animals and destroyed (Vol. on the Twentieth Army old Shelbyville road to Middletown. Third Indiana In an expedition covering four days. Herriott as constituting a part of his command.. from Murfreesborough. March 6 and 7. Jones. Part 1. Reynolds com manding. Fielder A. -Gen. 1863.-Gen. Corps (same volume. reports the Third Indiana Cavalry under Capt.600 men under Major-General Stanley which left . from which we have been quoting. captured a number of prisoners. page 137).HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. We drove the enemy through Middletown and out of his camp one and one-half miles beyond the town. the Fifth Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps. Company G. nor more intrepid skirmishing than was done by the Thirty-second men and Thirty-ninth Indiana. 1862. they were part of a command of 1. First Division. but was quickly dislodged by our men.) commanding First Brigade. We have given movements up to and through the Murfreesborough cam paign. Davis (page 145) talion at Eagleville. 1863. Great credit is due both to 77 officers and men of those commands. Ma j. C. The expedition encountered rebel cavalry at various points. J. This Volume XXIII of the official records. and up to the 6th of March. reports a reconnoissance made by his command.
The brigade was formed across the pike. We moved across the open field and woods to the sentinels towards Franklin. which we did in fine order. Lieutenant-Colonel Klein. in Lewisburg pike.000 rebels (Vol. his part in that affair: makes the following report of I have the honor to report the following as the part taken strong. we were ordered to face about and move down the Lewisburg end of the pike. Early in the afternoon we were ordered to proceed to Harpeth river at Hughes Mill. commanding Second Brigade.. XXIII. our left nearest the pike and our right nearest the bluff. Murfreesborough to scout the country to Triune. 1863 (page 238). as they were their advancing from Franklin in our rear. We fell back with the promptness characteristic of cavalry movements.The to await their approach.Sir Drake. facing towards Franklin. where we were ". when. towards Lewisburg. Tenn. the guard being inconsiderable. my battalion being in the center. but orders were given to fall back. page 230). and had laid down the last fence between us and the reserves of the force engaging the Fourth Regulars. during the late scout to Franklin. 170 under my command. under date of April 16. with which brigade we acted during the entire engagement and re mainder of the scout. and would soon have captured them and the horses of dismounted men. driving the enemy s which direction we observed them in considerable mounted force. with my battalion again in the . in command of 4. where our brigade crossed at lower ford. our line being at an acute angle with the pike and bluff. opposite the bluff. from Camp ". and thence to Franklin and to give General Granger such assistance as he might need in his operations against VanDoran. by the detachment of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Nothing worthy of note occurred until on the 10th instant.50 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. halted four miles from Franklin I was placed under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Robie. Fourth Regulars becoming engaged in our rear. and formed in the field and woods near the bluff at the crossing. Tenn.
HlSTOEY OF THE THIED INDIANA CAVALEY.
center of the Second Brigade.
The enemy made two
through the woods in force and attacking our
We again on the center, obliging us to fall back. formed parallel to the bluff, which position we held until the
were in advance of the reconnoitering force
which went out in the evening, but nothing worthy of note occurred. Our loss in the whole scout was very small, being two mortally
also twelve horses killed, disabled
I take pleasure in testifying to the general good con
and men, their actions meeting
I am, Captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
KLEIN, Lieutenant- Colonel, "Commanding Third Indiana Cavalry.
Sinclair, Assistant Adjutant-General."
22, 1863, Colonel Klein
makes the following report
XXIII, page 344)
I have the honor to report the following as the part taken
by the Third Indiana Cavalry under my command, in the descent on Middletown this instant: My battalion, being in the rear of
the Fourth Michigan Cavalry, brought
the rear of the First
Brigade, and in the charge on the rebel camps followed the Fourth Michigan close up, deploying on the left of the same and charging
through the woods in the direction of Fosterville.
exchanging only a few
carbines, eight horses
and one mule.
The volume from which we have been quoting (page 356) shows
the battalion of the Third Indiana, under Colonel Klein, went
with the brigade of Colonel Minty from their camp near Murfreesborough on the 3d of June, 1863, out on the Wartrace road, where
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
and engaged the enemy in force at that point. And on June 10 the battalion was engaged in a scout and skirmish with the enemy s pickets on the Middletown road (page 373). On
crosses Stone river,
June 15 the same command went on a raid
the 3d of July, 1863, Colonel
mand, consisting of the Fifth and Sixth Kentucky and Third
Indiana Cavalry, reported to General Sheridan for duty (page
General Sheridan, reporting his operations from June 24 to
1863 (page 516), after leaving Murfreesborough, says: before reaching Cowan, July 3, I was joined by Colonel
Watkins with 1,200 cavalry. I learned during the night that the enemy had taken up a position at or near University, near the top
of the mountain about seven miles
and had cov
ered his front with General
truth of this I directed Colonel Watkins with the Fifth and Sixth
Kentucky and Third Indiana Cavalry of
morning he was satisfied
of the 4th of July, to feel the
enemy and drive him until he was there in force. This reconnoissance was
very handsomely executed by Colonel Watkins,
who drove Our own
three miles, inflicting severe
the morning of the 5th of July I directed
to feel the
again, to ascertain if his posi
same time sending the Third Indiana Cavalry to Mount Top, on my right and down the road in Colonel Watkins found the enemy the direction of Stephenson. was a permanent
one, at the
Lieutenant-Colonel Klein, Third Indiana Cavalry, found
that a small portion of the
crossed on that road.
captured forty-one head of beef cattle from the enemy
and brought them into camp. In Volume XXIII, Part 2, page 556, Col. K. G. Minty, com manding the First Brigade, Second Cavalry Division, on July 10,
a report of the
at Shelbyville, Tenn.,
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
the 27th of June, 1863, of
gives an account in the foregoing report.
In Volume LII, Part
page 425, in a supplemental report dated
Tenn., July 29, 1863, he says:
of officers and
report of July 8, I
hand you the follow
deserving of special mention for gallant
conduct at Shelbyville on the 27th of June ultimo.
tenant Thompson, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, led the grand
charge on the rebel battery.
rode into the very teeth of the
guns in most gallant and fearless manner and captured the entire
personally captured one piece, and
with Lieutenant Vale, of the same regiment, captured another
piece near the railroad station after a personal encounter with the
Lieutenant McCafferty, Fourth
Cavalry, was conspicuous for his gallant conduct in the
charge on the battery, and
honorably mentioned by Captain
Captain Burns, acting assistant adjutant-general of the
always at his post of duty, had his horse shot under him while among the foremost in the charge on the battery. Lieut.
of the battalion of his regiment
Callahan, Third Indiana, exhibited great gallantry in the charge made near Skull Camp Bridge.
Lieutenant Young, Third Indiana Cavalry, was conspicuous in
same charge; he received two slight saber wounds. Sergt. Thomas Sheaffer, Third Indiana Cavalry, in same charge, after
being wounded in the face with a saber continued to hew his
through the rebel ranks.
the regimental commanders, viz., Lieutenant-Colonel Gal-
First Middle Tennessee; Captain Mclntyre, Fourth United States; Major Mix, Fourth Michigan; Colonel Klein, Third Indiana, and Lieutenant-Colonel Sipes, Seventh Pennsyl
vania, are deserving of special mention for their promptness and manner in which they handled their respective commands.
respectfully, your obedient servant,
H. G. MINTY, Colonel
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
At page 559,
Colonel Klein makes this report:
Third Battalion, Third Indiana Cavalry, Six Miles from Winchester, Tenn., July 7, 1863.
I have the honor to submit the following report of the
since leaving Murfreesborough
Nothing of interest occurred until the 27th, when our forces advanced on Shelbyville, when the first determined
24th of June
opposition was found, four miles from that place.
artillery opened upon us, Colonel Minty ordered
proceed to the
them, saying he would send us a guide to show us where to go.
guide never came.
proceeded through thick woods, dense
undergrowth and tangled vines to the left until we reached the enemy s abatis and rifle pits, where no horseman could go forward, and the firing having ceased, we knew not our exact position. I
sent for orders, and on receiving
to the right to a
point where I could cross the abatis and
the roads, cut
through the woods,
led to the left, following which,
Fairfield and Bellbuckle pike, two and one-half miles
this smartly to a point,
a citizen told
turned to the Murfreesborough pike.
orchards and woods, reached the outskirts of the
town, nearly half a mile
from the Murfreesborough road. on a run for the city, and passing through the
on the east of the pike, reached the railroad several hundred
yards from the depot, part of
my men crossing the railroad beyond and the remainder passing under the trestle the engine house, work. We found the enemy in line on the road leading from the depot station to Steel & Holt s mill.
men coming up
rather scattered, the
firing and/ advancing, until
firing a volley,
got somewhat formed, when,
saber and charged into their ranks.
fled in disorder
nearly a half mile towards the mill
All to Bellefonte on of which ". Lieutenant-Colonel Third Indiana Cavalry. and adjutant Eighth Confederate. 55 commons narrow into a lane . some others of my men were unhorsed by blows from clubbed muskets..General My scouts just returned. doing their whole duty. Second Cavalry Division.". They fought from here clubbing muskets and to the mill desperately. enemy on mountain.Assistant KLEIN. Ind. The fight was hand to hand for 300 yards. but not seriously injured. Although Companies through the L and M were detained in Indiana summer of 1863. Surgeon U. Army. when both parties plunged into the river.K. ". but capturing a drove of beef cattle from rear guard of men beyond the river in the pursuit towards Tullahoma. My officers and men behaved in the most gallant manner. July 12. took nineteen prisoners.General Boyle : ". ". they were not idle. both badly wounded with saber. Forty-seven rebels at tacked last night near Providence by Third Indiana Cavalry. We killed three men. first one captain. Even here we used the trusty saber with effect.THOMAS Still in pursuit. S.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Our loss was one man drowned and three wounded . page 733) dicates they had some part in that ". FEY. is respectfully submitted. adjutant Fifty- Alabama. 1863. During the in Morgan raid the following dispatch (Vol. and some six company officers and seventy enlisted men.New affair: Albany. and captured one lieutenantcolonel. on road from Cowans Station the 4th of July. Adjutant-General First Brigade. one of Wheeler s staff. nothing worthy of note oc curred. W. using saber and pistols. ". several They picked up While being detached from the brigade. here they had to fight or be run down. . XXIII. wounded three. wounded some fifteen with saber. ".".
horses. but the rebels. The Fourth Michigan Cavalry formed the advance guard. dated McMinnville. although outnumbering us and holding a strong position. rough ford about a quarter of a mile lower down. which the First Brigade. on the east bank of the Calfkiller. reads a Sir : XXIII. whoses horses were fresh. The Fourth Regulars. At 11 :30 p. I pushed forward rapidly. and were then between three and four miles north of Sparta. 1863 (Vol. Minty from the headquarters of page 846). at day break. with 774 men.56 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. I took two days rations and one day s forage. hoping to surprise him. The next account we have of the Third Indiana Cavalry is found in the report of Col. and the rebels were ready receive us. August 11. mained long enough for the men to make coffee and feed I crossed Caney Fork at the mouth of Cane creek. difficult of access. but the pickets. m. no wagons or ambulances. I arrived at Spencer and re marched at 3 p. Seventh Pennsylvania and Third Indiana scoured the country for about . having received information that General Dibrell with 800 or 900 of Sparta. and pushing at a gallop dislodged and drove the before the column got up. I then moved to the front with the Fourth Michigan and a battalion of the Third Indiana. I men was camped two miles south m. ". Part 1. Second Division of Cavalry. struck the rebel pickets about four miles south of Sparta but arrived at the town without seeing anything of their camp. enemy General Dibrell fell back across the creek and took up a strong position on a hill covering a narrow rickety bridge.Finding a bad. In town I learned that they had changed camp the evening before. and. to had given notice of our approach. Robert G. and followed them at a gallop. I directed Captain Mclntyre to cross with the Fourth Regulars and sharply attack the enemy s right flank. would not wait for the attack. On the 8th instant.. which was the only means of crossing the creek at that point. but scattered in every direction. Tenn.
MAJOR WILLIAM PATTON. .
We killed one lieu tenant and thirteen men.". Inclosed I hand you return of casualties. and then returned prisoners. for Pikeville. in accordance with orders from Major-General Rosecrans. driving them steadily. numbering 1. and Colonel Klein with the Third Indiana Cavalry was sent to affair Rock Island. From here Colonel Minty moved on to Pikeville with the main command. G. by way of Sparta. ". Tenn. s I sent my artillery and At 2 p. until after dark.CAPT. arriving with 1. 57 three miles. was attached. P. I regret to say. a.. Of this Colonel Minty makes the following report (Vol. In the morn ing the rebels had disappeared. wagons direct with the infantry train. I marched for Pikeville by way of Sparta. On left the 17th of August. the Seventh Pennsylvania and Fourth Michigan up the east side struck General Dibrell of Calfkiller creek to Sperrys Mill.ROBERT II. but it was confined exclusively to the Fourth Michigan.Assistant Adjutant-General Second Cavalry Division. page 920) ".400 men. my advance I sent pickets two miles from Sparta. Our loss. m. 1863. but their horses were too tired to overtake the freshly mounted rebels. m. Indiana and Fourth Regulars I moved up the west side of the . he met and at the latter point at 2 p.Sir Cross Roads. where they found Dibrell s With the Third brigade and quickly drove it across the creek. E. m.. KENNEDY.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.I am. and which had only 115 men out. ". to camp. August 26. on the 17th. Colonel Commanding. where I arrived at 12 :30 on the 10th instant. your obedient servant.600 men. McMinnville. through Brigadier-General VanCleve.Smiths ". 1863. was heavy. respectfully. fought General Dibrell s brigade of rebel cavalry. ". Colonel to which the battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry Minty with his brigade. and took one lieutenant and nine men I remained at Sparta until 1 p. where. : XXX. the only regiment engaged. ". MINTY. Tennessee Valley. At 2 m.
and the country was incognita. with the intention of cutting off their retreat. broken.ROBERT H. with slight succeeded in dislodging the rebels.400. all of which they were able to take advantage of. I placed it at 1. G. Colonel Commanding. creek. fifteen wounded. including three com missioned lieutenant. and quite dark. and two of my orderlies. I had one man drowned and officers. ". It being now after 8 o clock In the morning I could find no trace of the enemy except a couple of them dead. the brigade inspector. respectfully. Fourth Regulars The Seventh Pennsyl loss.200. to the official record of the Army s first of the Cumberland XXX.". but the nature of the ground was so difficulty in escaping. MINTY. with plenty of good My positions. numbered about 1.I I took twenty-three prisoners. notwithstanding which we drove them at force to us terra a gallop.The enemy s force was estimated by citizens at 1. side.About four miles above Sparta the road runs close to the creek. and inter by half a dozen branches of creeks. with a high bluff (thickly wooded) on the opposite about 200 men lay in ambush. Every foot of ground which we fought over It was wooded.500. including one and representing four regiments. am. which the citizens were ordered to inter. and then moved back to Sparta for the purpose of going into camp for the night.58 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Part of the Fourth Michigan and one squadron of the Fourth Regulars were quickly dismounted and engaged the enemy across the creek. ". your obedient servant. ". I bivouacked for the night. much enemy s favor that they had no I followed them to within a short distance in the of Yankeetown. vania and Third Indiana crossed lower down and. was familiar sected to them. and as the Here head of the column was passing they poured in a volley. wounding Lieutenant Yale. the lost eight men drowned and a few wounded. hilly. page 179). Colonel Minty brigade was part of . In an at tempt to cross the creek a little higher up. According (Yol. ".
and in obedi ence to this order proceeded to Louisville. a practicing attorney of who became its captain. a W. 59 commanded by Brig. He burned 500 wagons. of the Third Indiana Cavalry has a history that The company was raised at Knightstown. Ind. at once proceeded to Elizabethtown. A. page 715). George Crook. with lieutenant and Oliver Childs as Tighlman Fish as first second lieutenant. The federal cavalry succeeded partially in saving the trains. -Gen. Moreau. and during this great battle the cavalry was employed in protecting the supply train of the army. This was its assignment during the Chickamauga cam paign.000 rebel cavalry was endeavoring to destroy. his entire force started when Wheeler with on his great raid in the rear of our armies entering the Sequatchie Valley. which General Wheeler with 10. for scouting on our flanks under your instruction. the Second Cavalry Division. As soon can be spared from that duty you ". an order was issued from the headquarters of the Department of the Cumberland ". It was raised with the intention of becoming the bodyguard of Gen. Mac- Dowell McCook.". respectfully.. On the 17th of September. until Wheeler was compelled to abandon his raid and fall back on Bragg s main army at Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain. Ky. by Will C. is Company I its own and that place.Very will order it to report to these headquarters. MICHAEL. . your obedient servant. which pursued and fought him at all points. 1863 (Vol. XXX.The as follows : general commanding directs that Company as it I. pursued by the federal cavalry.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. s army in Ten The company was sworn in at Indianapolis and ordered to report to General Buell at Louisville. Major and peculiarly unique. going thence to McMinnville and Murfreesborough. commanding a division of Buell nessee and Kentucky. Third In diana Cavalry be detached. until further orders.. Assistant Adjutant-General. But instead of report ing to General Buell.
D.When the army of Buell moved out from ber. and reported to him. Vanarsdol became captain of the company on the 27th of February. Major Klein complained of his command being broken up. 1862. W. 1862. These the company burned. and Company I was relieved from provost duty in Nashville and joined him at Triune. by an order from General Thomas headquarters. which order was complied with. in pursuit of Bragg. who had been in command of Companies G. Gen. at which time Capt. Louisville in Septem had who begun his retreat south I under Vanarsdol went with Major Klein ward. . 1862. where it was de tailed on provost duty in the city. the company was detailed as independent scouts or couriers and At this time. day or two returned to General McCook s headquarters at Elizabethtown. 1862. it fell In September. 1862. and was a part of his battalion in all the service he per formed until the latter part of August. T. C. 1863. when back with the army to Louisville. There the commander of the company found an order commanding him to report at once to General Buell at Louisville. McCook at once sent the company on a scout to Buckley s farm where a large amount of rebel stores were kept in the barns of that farm. Moreau had returned to the company recommissioned as its captain. and was notf relieved from this duty until Bragg invaded Tennessee and Kentucky. where the company was again detailed for provost ". and in Febru ary. and after a on Green river. The company was held there in camp until the army went to Nashville. B. 1862. where General McCook was stationed. Tenn.. and A. Wilkinson was made first lieutenant of the com pany and Charles Hedrick second lieutenant. Vanarsdol had resigned the command of the company and Capt. Company Captain to Nashville. and held there until December 25. All of the commissioned officers of the company had resigned at Louisville on the 25th of January. duty in that city. H and K. the company first came under the com mand of Major Klein.60 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
for about a week. from which point Wilson was daily making excursions in various directions either alone or accompanied by two or three men of Company I. while Captain Moreau and Wilson rode at the head of the rebel outpost pickets command. fought. after journeying half a day. accompanied by a young man in citizens clothes. To this there was unanimous assent. And here the shrewdness and tact of the man Wilson made itself particularly manifest. was entirely familiar with the country and would conduct them safely to the Union lines if they would follow his directions. and began scouting to act as their guide. were any Union troops on the Tennessee river below them. this thirty men as Wilson. whom they easily made prisoners. and coming in sight of a rebel battery with some infantry stationed at a small . learned for the first time that the battle of Chickamauga had been and that the rebel army was between him and Chattanooga. The company at men for duty. He was a very bright young man. to the who seemed and who was known numbered 1863. informed the that he He men journey right on up the river in About sundown they came on to two cavalry pickets of the rebel General Wheeler s command. and was acting under the directions of General Thomas. At this point Captain Moreau received an order to return with his command to Chattanooga. But they proceeded. The Company I men rode by twos and the two prisoners were placed between the men comprising the second and third files from the rear. this country in the vicinity of Chattanooga. He crossed the Ten nessee river at Cotton Ford and. All knew when they had captured in the rear of the rebel army that they were within the rebel lines and on very dangerous ground. About the middle in its time only of September. as they had no suspicion there its and the command continued the direction of Chattanooga. company rambles with Wilson stopped at Cotton Ford.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. He was a citizen of Tennessee and had been raised in that part of the country. near Washington on the Tennessee river. detached from Major Klein s 61 the command.
The presumption is that the same warning had been given to the prisoner in the rear by Lewis Micha. not to disturb a body of cavalry that was coming up. ?". who with Joseph Higgins had charge of the forward prisoner. when Wilson. s headquarters were reached. ".". you going.".". and had warned the man that the moment he gave the alarm he would kill him.62 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. as he seemed to realize that that road would lead to a point on the front of the rebel lines that it . and the response would ". and they passed the rebel artillery and infantry undisturbed. where the men were cooking supper to the roll call was going on. Kennedy and they made no outcry. give them h The command went on until General Wheeler 1.To come back. who was conducting the expedition. and thus subjecting the entire command to capture.That s right. but Jonathan Keller. and requested a small boy standing in the yard to go down and notify the rebel officers in charge of the troops they had to pass. Under ordinary circumstances riding between their was danger of the prisoners guards crying out at any time and giving the there alarm. the command was halted.Yankee pickets. railroad bridge directly along the road they were traveling. and came on to the main body and of a great of the rebel army. Wilson rode to a house on the hillside over looking the rebel camp. and everything incident camp life army full of fight. boys to charge and drive in the Yankee pickets. says he carried his pistol in his hand. The ruse worked like a charm. as they were going to the front to charge and drive in the ". are the front and the answer was invariably. and as the com his guards.Where mand passed on rebel soldiers frequently inquired. whom Wilson ordered to mount a horse one of the lines. At any rate John H. ". men was leading and direct them up the road on which the rebels were hauling their ammunition. seemed to be uncertain among so many roads leading in every direction which one he should take to reach the front of the rebel Standing in front of General Wheeler s tent was his big colored hostler.
guarded by John H. requested permission of his guards to get down and fix his saddle blanket. remained with I. charge/ and away they went in the immediate direction of the Union lines. The colored hostler mounted the horse as directed. and piloted them direct to General Bragg they were promptly taken in as prisoners. which was granted. s colored who. The only mishap that had occurred to the command in its ride their through the entire rebel army happened between Wheeler quarters and the front of the rebel line. and when outside the main rebel where a number of rebel sharpshooters were stationed at various points. They were also greeted by a similar shower from their own men were approaching the Union lines.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. where Captain Moreau passed into the Union lines with the other twenty-six hostler. when the firing ceased. one prisoner and General Wheeler although scared almost to death. until Lieutenant Hedrick. was desirable. and uncertain as to the direction in which they had gone. officers in Its supposed mission was made known to the command at that point. Their prisoner told them he knew the road. men. s head when the prisoner in the rear. For this operation the two guards and the two men in their rear. for it to go forward. were and when the saddle blanket was adjusted the four men found themselves some distance in the rear and separated from the halted. fol lowed by a shower of bullets from the rebel sharpshooters. and Captain Moreau came up and was known to some of the infantry officers on picket. proceeded to escort as directed until the rebel front was reached. Cavalry. until Sergt. James Harney and Eobert Poor. s headquarters. main command in the dark. ".Third Captain Moreau gave the order. Kennedy and Lewis Micha. for his men to reach. 63 under the circumstances. who became captain of Company the . it and taking his place beside Wilson. who seemed to have discovered what they were. Edgar Henry dashed up to a squad of federal soldiers and informed them that they were firing at as they own men. and their permission granted line.
While on this detail and after its perilous ride through Bragg s army on the battlefield of Chickamauga. 1864. Va. 1864. XXX. 1863 (Vol. where Burnsides was engaged with Longstreet at Knoxville. all his When they reached Bridgeport General Wheeler with cavalry force had crossed the Tennessee at Cotton Ford at below Chickamauga. and after this joined the remainder of the Western battalion of the Third Indiana under Lieutenant-Colonel Klein. Between that point and Chattanooga Lieut. Captain Moreau reported to close of his service in October. and the latter July 18.64 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. died at Andersonville. and went with it to East Tennessee. its twenty-six men com mand of Lieutenant Hedrick. moved up into the Sequatchie Valley. with his detachment of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Hedrick and all of his men but twelve were captured by the rebels but escaped. recrossed the Tennessee at Bridgeport and was creating havoc among the supply trains and the troops guarding them around Bridgeport. Jonathan also made the request that he be allowed to blanket. Part 3. February 15. the detach ment is still shown to be with the brigade commanded by Colonel . The record shows the that Lewis Micha and James Harney. The official record (Vol.. dated Sep tember 24. XXXI. page 809). and James Higgins died at Danville. was relieved of his command and was no more being placed under the with the company. page 836. General Thomas. and on the 31st of October. the former on the 15th of February. tacked and captured 500 wagons of the supply train of the Union army. Keller says his prisoner stop and fix his saddle which request was declined with the announcement that there would be plenty of blankets left if the prisoner lost his. two of men captured on the night Company I rode through Bragg s army. Company I with its twenty-six men under establish Lieutenant Hedrick was dispatched by Gen. a Thomas to courier line between Chattanooga and Bridgeport. 1863) shows Lieutenant-Colonel Klein at Pikeville.. Tenn. 1864. 1864.
Minty. 65 is The next mention we have is that the detachment with Brig.. as the enemy fell back. 1863. Spears forces at Loundon. march General Spears command encountered 2. leaving six pieces of artillery in General Spears hands. Tenn. on the 3d On this of December. where it had gone from Kingston. James G. .-Gen. and there was some fighting but not serious.000 of Wheeler s cavalry under Colonel Hart.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
January. Vol. and a second attempt by the Army of the Potomac to move on the enemy and which simply resulted in its sticking in the mud. moved up the Rappahannock to the vicinity of Warrentown. under command of Colonel Davis. and twenty men. XXV. either some kind of an encounter with the 7 at Colonel Davis brigade crossed the Rappahannock on April 15 Beverly Ford for the purpose of making a reconnoissance. where it confronted the confederate cavalry watching the ap s proaches to the left flank of Lee resulted in army. either side of the Rappahannock river during the months of De March and April was so thoroughly encased in mud that any important movement was practically im possible. and both armies settled down to the simple task of watch cember. Part we 66 find a rather accurate account . was charged by a much superior force of the enemy. In the record we find no report by any federal affair save the officer of this mention of the loss in 1. consisting of Companies E and F of the Third Indiana. and on the return the rear guard. ing each other. the conclusion was irresistible that an army encamped on later in the winter. Every move of other. which be longed.CHAPTER III. February. men. of Company E. After the battle of Fredricksburg in December. horses and arms. But at page 88. 1862. Cavalry could get about after a fashion. including Lieutenant Shannon. and the Eastern bat talion of the Illinois Third Indiana Cavalry took its turn with the Eighth and Eighth New York At in picketing the right flank of the until about it army in the vicinity of Dumfries and Quantico creek this time the brigade to the middle of April. were captured with their horses. of the Eighth New York.
Hungerford).R. were captured and taken to Richmond. held the ford at Kelleys Mills. one wounded and twelve horses captured. Lewis. When they were . Notwithstanding the statement of Colonel Beale in regard to this affair. Jr. -Col. Stith Boiling. flanked that portion of the command under The Lieut. The whole command in the evening supported Col. Chambliss.On the 15th the enemy. under command of Capt. W. LEE. together with casualties and captures. ten horses. having crossed in large force at the ford above. (as far as it goes) 67 by R. two horses killed. also ten pri vates. ". Our casualties were one private Company A killed. L.. J. R. W. alone saved the little By boldly charging the advance. Lewis and came down upon them by surprise. BEALE. one private Company K missing (supposed to be captured). M. balance were engaged in watching the enemy at Rappahannock Bridge and re-establishing the pickets driven out in the morning. Colonel Commanding. T. with some loss to the enemy. The command of Capt. L. Beale. in a charge upon the retreating foe. captured one first lieutenant of the Third Indiana Cavalry. H. held the ford at Beverly Mills.-Gen. F.Brig.". of the sharpshooters (dismounted).I submit report of the part taken by this command in the skirmishing on the Rappahannock on the 14th and 15th instant. colonel commanding Ninth 21. Virginia (confederate) Cavalry. the dis mounted men were successfully extricated from a position of great danger. nineteen men of Companies E and F. -Col. T.April ". Beale in command band. and repulsed.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. G. On the 14th one company. ". ". coolness and admirable maneuvering of Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis and Lieut. The conduct of the officers and men merits the highest commendation. Third Indiana Cavalry. 1863. ". ten carbines and seven pistols. an attempt to Another company cross with a force of two or more regiments. (under the immediate under Lieut. John W.
Mathews. John R. Shannon. B. L. The following mond. James Graham. Jonas Sugden and John O. this ravine next to the The command formed on the side of Rappahannock. Company F. James McClain.". John P. and about one-half mile from the ford of that stream where the brigade had crossed. viz. waiting for the outpost vidette to had been raining hard since early morning and a ravine that passed this old blacksmith shop was flowing full with come in. with our would check them. we gave them Major McClure. John Naughton. one of the unfortunates ". came the west with drawn sabers. Lieut. Lewis. Mathew Glauber. David Cochran. Shannon.68 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. to Lieut. Indians. W. Stapp. : is the list of men who made that trip to Rich Company E. Daniel Ely. Then began a race of rebels all and Yankees mingled in indescribable confusion. The squadron was the rear guard of Colonel Davis brigade. Glasscock. s conducted to General Fitzhugh Lee headquarters that officer re : marked tenant. Monroe Payton. Martin. George W. ford on the Rappahannock half a mile away. yelling like Commanche surrender. Downey. and had rendezvoused at an old blacksmith shop. we had supposed. calling us ugly names and demanding our At the command a squadron. The Ninth Virginia. Stephen Goodpasture. but they of plunged through the stream. But a part of the history of the affair the that by the middle of the following summer men were all exchanged and back with their companies doing duty as usual. It a raging torrent of water. it is A. B. heading for that It was in that race . Daniel Ecklor. William H. which volley. which had been a rebel picket post. A. commanding the volley from our carbines. down over a hill from several times as strong as we were. Fred Erie. most of the captures were made. of As a member Company F the writer has a very distinct recol lection of this affair. George W. L. Sergt. Pearson.Lieu on to Kichmond now is sure enough.
outpost videttes. had captured and confiscated a rebel haversack containing a very fine hunk of boiled corn beef. which where they had struck it. but minutes later he was a prisoner on his way to Richmond. with the rebels all mixed up with us. Lieutenant Shannon. History does not record who ate the corn beef. captive. of Company E. of Company F. Downey. and W. whirled his horse and leaped into the river and escaped. and there the rebels began sheathing their sabers and drawing their pistols to shoot us in the water. off B. They fled in confusion. While being led away cocked.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. were engaged in constructing a raft to cross the Rappahannock. 69 In the old blacksmith shop Jonas Sugden. But here good luck came from to our rescue. at the point was unfordable The other captures were made by the rebels seizing bridle reins who were and hauling in the riders of horses thus held up. of Company F. had been cut and. Isaac Higgins. Those of us able to outrun the rebels leaped over the bank of the river wherever we struck it. turned loose a volley carbines upon our pursuers as they were forming and getting ready to shoot us as we struggled in the river. was captured by having his bridle rein seized river by bank some distance below the a rebel cavalryman near the ford. was held by him under his coat cape. his pistol. A few days later the entire cavalry force of the to Army of the Potomac. A number of our command who had already crossed their the river took in the situation. the Rappahannock under command of General at the Stoneman. and in less than five was gloating over his good luck. left be the least efficient of the in again crossed camp near Falmouth under General Pleasanton. who had been placed head of what was desig nated as the Cavalry Corps after General Hooker took command . of Company F. and in an unguarded moment he shot his captor. hiding their horses in a thicket. except a brigade supposed force. and while thus engaged the rebels found them and their horses and they became a part of the Richmond delegation. leaving us unhurt.
where he destroyed considerable stores and crippled the operations of the railroad for a few days while Colonel Davis brigade. It was twilight when we reached Elys Ford. so that all attempts in that direction were ineffective. plunged into the stream to water them. was seriously wounded while posting his picket too near the enemy. W. This force skir mished one whole day with a body of rebel cavalry at that point. each always succeeded in driving the other off. leading the main body of his force in person as far as the defenses of Richmond. to which the Eastern battalion of the . 1863. was left at the bridge where the Orange & Alexandria road crossed the Rapidan river. Both burn the railroad bridge. the almost continuous roar of artillery and volleys of musketry indicated to us that we were approaching the scene of a great battle. weary with their day s the men march. men on On as the the following day this force moved down the Rapidan. of Company B. W. over which supplies to Lee s army lying south of the Rappahannock at General Stoneman divided his force after crossing the Rappa Fredricksburg. and hundreds of riding horses. about nightfall.70 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. when a volley of musketry from the opposite side of the Rapidan. hannock. under command of Gen. caused a great scampering out of the stream and over the hill to a place of . After the day s skirmishing was over both forces went tried to picket. near mouth of the Rapidan. which overshot our men. This cavalry movement of General Stoneman s is known in history as the Stoneman raid and was designed to move towards Richmond and reorganized the Army of the were shipped and destroy the Orange & Alexandria railroad. both sides using their artillery and making dashes at each other. facing each other. and before we reached Elys Ford. and day progressed the booming of distant guns became more fre the quent. Third Indiana belonged. on Captain Gresham. Third Indiana. with one other brigade. Potomac in March. Averill.
where the Army Corps. and a brigade of rebel infantry had moved down into it. at least so far as the rank and file was concerned. was not regarded as good generalship that this should be permitted to happen. through the lines of the First Reynolds. At daylight we halted and were overlooking Falmouth and Fredricksburg. From that point we moved up the and soon met army wagons. and that was the force that fired into our men when It they hurriedly entered the stream to water their horses. But we had not gone far until we knew our horses were treading on brush.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. . the roar of artillery and the crash of volleys of musketry being almost constant. batteries of artillery. and General Averill was relieved of his command and placed under arrest. laid upon a pontoon bridge to deaden sound. we felt very river certain the river army of the it Potomac was on a different side of the from where had been fighting the enemy. many days. when we crossed the fired into the night before. ready to move at an notice. been rambling around through fields An opening between the right flank of Hooker s army and Elys Ford of the Rapidan had been left unguarded. shut off from com munication with the world. Our command had and woods. We formed in the rear of this force with artillery and remained there two days and until 2 o clock of the second night. and our body of cavalry stood in instant s line all forenoon. Rapidan at the ford where we had been went up the slope and joined the main army. we knew not where. and knew nothing of what was going on. and without knowing what had happened. We did not receive such an order until about noon. when an order was given to move. under General all men had been fighting day. 71 This was our introduction to the battle of Chancellors1st of which had been on since the May. ville. and that this bridge crossed the Rappahannock. safety. this incident the battle of its Early in the day following cellorsville was renewed in all Chan- fury. long lines of infantry.
is re corded in history as one of the most splendid achievements of the great battle of Chancellorsville. when the command returned to Falmouth and found the entire it Army of the Potomac on the north side of the river. especially the Eighth and Seventeenth Pennsylvania and by his service in that great battle achieved Cavalry regiments. s Orange & Alexandria Davis brigade of Buford Rappahannock to On the 9th of June Colonel division crossed the Rappahannock at . The army the lay in camp rest s and then. The cavalry plished all force under General Stoneman perhaps accom that was expected of is it. here described.72 HlSTOKY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. that the From Wash ington papers received that day we learned had been defeated in a great called Chancellorsville. with Pleasanton cavalry in the lead. until the early days of June. We moved on northward into the pine forests bordering the Rap pahannock. but thousands of men on the ground. where had been all winter. but for some cause was at the left in the rear in s charge of the con valescent camp opening of Hooker campaign of 1863. who had been our commander in the Maryland campaign of the previous year. and had little knowledge of the particulars of what had happened for more than a week. battle. were kept in almost total ignorance of by the process what had happened. which in Union army history was to be all The whole country knew about it a week before. Pennsylvania. With the close of that conflict Army ing up of the Stoneman disappeared from the Potomac and Pleasanton became commander of the Cavalry Corps by right of conquest. but the remarkable thing in the history of that great battle that General Pleasanton. the moved northward along railroad. apparently away from all communication with the main army. which was a part of Pleasanton s command. renown that placed him among the foremost cavalry leaders of the The charge of Major Randall with a part of the Eighth war. all his effec appeared on the battlefield of Chancellorsville with tive force.
E. . AT 16. Co.GEORGE MIDDLETON.
Major McClure proved himself well at nightfall for the place. who by the death of Colonel Davis became the senior officer of the brigade. .HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.000 men to Stonewall Jackson and cut his way out. Generals Stewart and Fitzhugh Lee. were in His cavalry. was killed early in the day. where it it 73 encountered the enemy s cavalry. heading tion to carry the course for Pennsylvania with a determina war into his enemy s country. under advance and actively movements of the engaged in keeping their chief advised as to the Army of the Potomac. and dis closed the fact that Lee s army was also moving northward behind fought all the mountains of Virginia. officer of the regular army. Maryland and Pennsyl engagement Colonel Davis. particularly at Harpers Ferry. Kelleys Ford. and the command of the brigade devolved upon Major In this McClure. which for the purpose of developing the Rappahannock. A fact part of the work of the 9th of June at Kelleys Ford was the s capture of 400 of the enemy that cavalry and the disclosure of the in full Lee s army was moving its force behind the mountains. having most successfully accomplished was a reconnoissance in force movements and purposes of the enemy. For that day s work he was made a major in the regular army. was regarded as one of the best sub ordinate cavalry commanders of the army. side of the drew off his brigade to the north the business of the expedition. where he declined to have the Eighth New York Cavalry included in General Miles surrender of 13. who commanded the brigade. and had he lived no doubt he would have attained the highest rank in the cavalry field of arm and of the service. commanding the Third Indiana Cavalry. which day and drove back on to its infantry lines. heading for vania. Colonel Davis was an plinarian. As his successor on the battle fitted Kelleys Ford. a strict disci and in the Maryland campaign. of the Eighth New York Cavalry.
Catletts Station. and on the following day crossed into Maryland as the vanguard of the army. Of the engagement of the 9th of June. Part 1) : ". XXVII. Mc- Clure. Va. Buford. 1863. ". was captured while going to deliver a message and running into the enemy s cavalry upon his return. in the for ward movement. B.Lieutenant I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this command. Upperville and Aldie. of which I assumed the fall of Col. 1863. which was known as the First Brigade of the First Division of the Cavalry Corps. the Eighth New York. of Company C. with the entire army. and also of the First Brigade after of the First Cavalry Division. In all the encounters the Eastern battalion of the Third its full Indiana Cavalry was having Colonel share. so shifting were the movements of this active march.Headquarters ". the brigade engaged the enemy s cavalry at Mid- dletown. Maj. First made the following report (Vol. Chapman had returned from a furlough and resumed command. F. Division. page 1047. of the Third Indiana. commanding First Brigade. Near the latter place Lieut.. The brigade camped on the bank of the Potomac on the night of the 26th of June.74 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. S. Long. W. and General Merritt succeeded Colonel Davis in com mand of the brigade. June 12. commanded by Gen. William W. was now moving northward on upon which Lee was moving. After the fight at Kelleys Ford on successive days. John B. Hooker.Camp Near Third Indiana Cavalry. and comprised the Eighth Illinois. Third Indiana Cavalry and four companies of the Twelfth Illinois. and at every gap in the mountains until the Potomac river was reached a line parallel with the line the cavalry forces of the two armies were engaged in almost daily conflicts. Davis: command .
we soon gained a large body of timber. following came the brigade. and I saw no more of them during the day. and one battalion of the Ninth New by the Eighth Illinois Cavalry. squadrons of which were deployed as skirmishers. Here Captain Clark was wounded. With some difficulty I succeeded about 6 :30 a. secured the ford after a sharp engagement. the brigade inarched from the camp of the night. met a large force of the enemy. umn Im mediately the Eighth Illinois Cavalry was detached by order of General Pleasanton. and while considerable confusion prevailed. he occupying the right. these. 4 :30 a. and while trying ". was at this critical juncture. and. the most unfavorable circumstances. m. finally fell back before them. B. distance from the river one-half mile.At 75 m. the enemy was reported advancing in two heavy lines of I immediately skirmishers. and upon Captain For sy the. imme diately charged the enemy. commanding fell mortally wounded. B. . command of the to By order of General Buford. F. supported composed of one battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry. F. By m. where the Eighth New York Cavalry. and checked a large body of the in enemy advancing column of squadrons. that the lamented Col. York Cavalry. me to retain command. ordered 7 a. one squadron of the Third (West) Virginia Cavalry. my command.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. supported by about two regiments. Closely Advancing. in forming my command in close col of squadrons on the left of the road and in the timber. in advance. I moved my command the left. I received orders to assume brigade. the Eighth Illinois Cavalry. Before reaching the ford two squadrons Sixth New York Cavalry were detached and sent forward prise of the to sur and capture any of the enemy s pickets at the ford. dashing over. ". under command of Col. who also was Under command devolved shortly after wounded. Colonel Devin coming up. while my command the was formed on the right of the road to protect and support the charging column. wavering. Davis. of the Eighth New York and Cavalry.It to rally his men. Davis Captain Clark.
which. by the whole command moving in column of fours. supported leaving Captain Ayres in command. The rear of the enemy was charged by Lieut. of the Ninth to New York. ".Finding of the Third Indiana Cavalry. ordered Major Lemon. under Major Patton. ". command While the guns were retiring and the enemy advancing. W. Gregg joined us was reached. I halted the columns until a section of Again advancing until the road by which Gen. L. but by 9 :30 he began to advance rapidly.At 8 :30. C. of the Eighth New To York. Third Indiana Cavalry. who captured a few that the enemy was massing a large force in advance and a little to the right. driving my skirmishers up to sent to the the guns. this line I gave two more squadrons For a time the advance of the enemy was checked. The other squadron. without orders. now in command of the Third Indiana Cavalry. I ordered advance and inclining my left and Major Pope. Finding position. the officer in rear. Maj. . to move his squadron to the extreme left watch the movements of the enemy. forcing the enemy to fall back and taking some prisoners. and the lines were advancing in the open field beyond. support. the guns were placed in posi tion and the command formed in line and column of squadrons artillery joined us. Wilson. and by noon we were in complete possession of the whole timber. in command of Company F prisoners. the field. B. The enemy fell back rapidly. charged with the remaining squadron of his battalion. He himself was wounded and retired from Immediately I caused our lines to be advanced. the enemy continuing to advance slowly.76 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Ninth New York. Colonel s Devin ordered one no suitable to section of Robertson little aid. and Captain Hanley. to deploy one squadron of his left regiment so as to connect Captain Hanley on the with Majors for Patton and Lemon. battery up. Martin. was dismounted and sent out as skirmishers. to deploy to the left one squadron. they gave us to The enemy continuing rear.
tions at that time at page 920. ". to whom the regimental In consequence I can furnish no list of cas ualties in the command. behind that river and the mountains. were slightly wounded. of the Eighth York. Taylor. Vol. your obedient servant. MAHNKIN. makes his report of the opera XXVII.Major Commanding Third Indiana Cavalry and Detachment Ninth New York and Third (West) Virginia Cavalry.W. ". At the we gained pos same time my adjutant. to 77 support the guns and skirmishers. I was ordered to his side. being present. of the These June days of 1863 were strenuous ones for the cavalry Army of the Potomac. Before General Buford Lieutenant-Colonel Clen- had recrossed.". The enemy seemed to be anxious mac was doing to counteract Middleburg and Upperville. m. They came through the mountains in force at Snickersville Pass and took position at General Buford. and Lieutenant Herrick. Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. who fell New mortally wounded just before session of the timber. under the fire of three of the enemy guns. In this position we remained s until about 3 p. to Yet I would not omit mention Captain Foote and Lieutenant Cutler. dennin. we were ordered to the rear to protect the recrossing of General Buford. H. McCLURE. Third Indiana Cavalry. per reports were made. to know what the Army of the Poto this movement. haps. when.Lieut. General Gregg having come up.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. injustice to others equally deserving. S. nor can I mention instances of bravery and ability which came under my immediate notice. S. commanding the First Division of the Cavalry Corps. of the Eighth Illinois Cavalry. Part 1. Very respectfully. One officer and twenty-two enlisted men of the Third Indiana Cavalry were wounded in this engagement. without. of the Ninth a New York. Gam. I immedi ately turned over the command to him. J. It had been disclosed by the battle on the south side of the Rappahannock that Lee s army was moving towards Pennsylvania. He says: . of ".
made the following report (Vol.78 ". Part 1. driven from the guns. I turned the head of my column towards them and very soon became right engaged with a superior force. and eighteen horses killed. make and got out of shape. William Gamble. pounder guns into position the heads of The enemy brought four twelveand made some excellent practice on The gunners were in my regiments as they came up. pretty My advance was disputed stand save with his warmly by the enemy.I HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The enemy then came up magnificent style from the direction of Snickersville and for a time threatened me with overwhelming numbers. but ran afoul of so it many obstructions in the shape of ditches and stone fences that did not position. of the Eighth Illinois Cavalry. XXVII. the day following this engagement.". which would have fallen into our hands but for two impassable stone fences. I took Colonel Gamble s and Colonel Devin s brigades and pushed for Upperville. As he withdrew my rear troops to the mountains. and started to turn the enemy s flank. He came up. 1863. who appeared to be outnumbered. On Col. to retire before the terrific carbine fire brave Eighth Illinois and Third Indiana poured into him. ".When These were severely punished. While in this I discovered a train of wagons and a few troops to my fast progress marching at a trot. was ordered to Middleburg on the night of the 21st and reached there shortly after daylight. page 932) : . The column struck a brisk trot. 22d of June. He was com which the pelled. I saw a large force in front of I resolved to go General Gregg. commanding the the brigade. valley. formed and pressed him back was driven over the mountains into the The casualties of the Third Indiana in this battle were four men wounded and one missing. however. but he made no skirmishers. to his aid. apparently making for Ashbys Gap. a mile from Upperville.
charged upon the enemy s five guns amid a shower of shells. enemy dispersed One mile . S. were found strongly posted. at the base of the mountain. formed in line. the enemy skirmishers. seven to to regiments strong.600 strong. Artillery under Lieut. and. on account of his superior . conflict ensued. Encountered the enemy one mile from the ford. drove the rebels from the opposite bank. his guns continually throwing shells at us.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The enemy then. from thence west across a ford at Goose creek. a enemy out distance numbering behind a three We retired short wall and maintained our position. on the right of the road deployed in column in line of . Third Indiana 900 strong. One squadron of the Third Indiana Cavalry was dis mounted. supported by artillery. marched to Middleburg. and a few well directed shells into the him rapidly more shells in retreat through the woods southward. near a house a few drove them again towards Upperville. composed New York. the rebel skirmishers occupying the opposite bank under cover of a stone wall at the ford. The Eighth Illinois. in all about 1. left Aldie at 5 a.. m. of the Eighth The brigade. leading the col umn. Two miles farther. ". Eighth Illinois. with advance guard deployed. came on rapidly at a gallop. battle. with one sec tion of the First U. advanced and drove the enemy from two strong positions behind stone walls. when the column crossed and advanced south on the Upperville road. We continued the march and found the enemy strongly posted west of Upperville. when the enemy woods. emerged the from the and a hand us stone hand one. about shot.Captain 79 I have the honor to report the part taken by this brigade in the cavalry fight of yesterday. shrapnel and case Illinois Cavalry. cavalry. and Twelfth drove s the rebel gunners from their pieces. three squadrons Third Indiana and two squadrons Twelfth Illinois Cavalry. I deployed the column in line. repuls ing the repeated charges of the enemy by well directed car bine and pistol firing. farther I found the enemy behind s stone walls. Michalowski.
supported by his the Eighth position. yet not one of them gave me a particle of informa- . June 28. Eighth Illinois seventeen. after a sharp conflict repulsed the enemy. three miles from Jefferson.80 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. in his report (Vol. New York Cavalry.WILLIAM ". inhabitants knew of my arrival and the position of the enemy s camp. Brigade. Third Indiana eighteen. and encamped on the battlefield. Eighteen dead bodies of the enemy were buried and over thirty of their wounded were which at sunset returned found. Part Erom this battlefield the First 1. Cavetown and Monterey Springs. the Reserve Brigade (General Merritt s) to was detached and moved Mechanicstown. and shelled the retreated towards enemy from s The enemy then Ashby Gap. ". pur sued for two miles by the First and Second Cavalry Brigades. to turn both flanks. in addition to what they carried away. after which the section of artillery arrived. within a short distance of a consid erable force of the ". commanding the division. XXVII. General Buthe Potomac and crossed wards Ferry ford. when a squadron of the and one of the Third Indiana Cavalry were de numbers. the division moved through Jefferson and went into camp for the purpose of shoeing and refitting.The enemy s infantry.June 2 9. and bivouacked on division the east side of the mountain. Commanding Eirst Cavalry Cavalry Division moved to Ed on June 27.". Horses killed. attempted Eighth Illinois ployed to cover the flanks.After passing the Potomac on the upper pontoon bridge the marched over almost impassable roads. and encamped near Fairfield. ". and. crossing the Monocacy near its mouth. page 926) says: ". being s halted there by the whole train of General Stahl division block ading the road through the mountains. buried the dead and took care of the wounded. by a wretched ford. The First and Second Brigades moved through Boonesborough.Colonel GAMBLE.
I determined to feel and drive artillery if possible. I could have surprised and destroyed this force. and I did not wish to bring on an engagement from the road I was expected to be following. tion. daylight on July 1. just in time to meet the enemy entering and in good season to drive him back before his getting a foothold. whole community seemed stampeded and afraid to speak or to often offering as excuses for not showing some little enterprise: The rebels will destroy our houses if we tell anything. in the afternoon. We entered Gettysburg the town. The act.By him from getting town before our army could get up. force referred to. a The night of the 30th was a busy night for the division. leaving his pickets about four and one-half miles from Gettysburg.June two Mississippi regiments of infantry and two guns. 30 the two brigades moved out very early to go to Gettys burg. I had gained positive information of enemy s position and movements.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Had any one given me timely information and acted as guide that night. Fairfield was four or five miles west of the route assigned me. and was soon on my proper road and moving on to Gettysburg. No reliable information of value could be obtained from the inhabit ants. found that would have to be necessarily used. for fear can nonading from that quarter might disarrange the plans of the general commanding. He withdrew towards Cashtown. information of the enemy s movements and whereabouts could not have been gained in time to prevent into the ". At the latter place my it advance ran upon the it. via Fairfield. and but for the untiring exertions of many different scouting parties. and my arrangements were made for entertaining him until General Reynolds could reach the the . Kesolved not to disturb them. 81 nor even mentioned the fact of the enemy s presence. after a little skirmishing. I imme diately turned my column towards Emmetsburg without serious so far molestation. which proved next day to be ". where I had reason to suppose I should find some of General Stahl s (Kilpatrick s) cavalry. but.
After the fall of General Reynolds. and fought with the Wisconsin regiment that to its assistance. s While this left of my line brigade. worked his guns deliberately. all at short range. had its hands full. and had literally to be dragged back a few hundred yards to a position more secure and better sheltered. Artillery. ance to our infantry and to check and break the enemy troops at this place My had partial shelter behind a low stone fence. S. and their need of assistance. terrific. the made heavy captures of pris enemy brought up fresh troops and engaged General Doubleday s command. which fought bravely. s) enemy was coming from Colonel Gamble made an admirable that the and moved off proudly to meet him. was engaged. the front. The enemy ad vanced upon Devin by four roads and on each was checked and held until the leading division of the Eleventh Corps came to his relief. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. borrowed muskets. with great effect judgment and and with wonderful upon the enemy. and were in short carbine range. of posi for more than two hours. The First Brigade maintained this 7 un equal contest until the leading division of General Reynolds corps and then most reluctantly did it give up A portion of the Third Indiana found horse holders.82 scene. he of numbers. The two lines soon became hotly engaged. whose advance troops partially drove back the enemy and oners. Tidball s battery. I immediately rushed Gamble s brigade to Doubleday s left and dismounted it in time to render great assist s line. Calef held his own gloriously. Second U. causing the enemy to break and Their fire was perfectly rally on their second line. Seeing our troops retiring. commanded by Lieutenant Calef. reports came in from the First Brigade (Colonel Gamble towards Cashtown in force. skill. on the right. fought enemy had a concentric fire on this battery from twelve guns. At one time the on this occasion as is seldom witnessed. we having the advantage The First Brigade held its position tion. came up came Devin to relieve them. which . m. Between 8 and 9 a. line of battle. but was greatly out numbered and forced to fall back.
The enemy made an attack upon Gamble. m. Brigade having joined the night before) marched at 4 port. ". s (First) brigade on the left and Colonel Devin s (Second) brigade on the left as rear reserve. to Shortly after this my command on our extreme attack. At about 5 p. Potomac into Virginia. bravery and good behavior of the during July 1 . 83 made no I placed further advance towards my position. should he make another for observation. the whole division (the Reserve a. The zeal. towards Williamsto enemy s trains. left. to destroy the m. which were reported be crossing the St. after which acked for the night. we did our country much 2 the division became engaged with the enemy s sharp shooters on our left and held its own until relieved by General Sickle s corps.My any attack that division bivouacked that night on the left of our position with pickets extending almost to Fairfield. s General Merritt Colonel Gamble brigade with Graham s battery was on the right. A heavy task officers was before us we were equal pride that at Gettysburg ". to Cemetery Hill Hancock While there General arrived and in a to resist and went few moments he made superb disposition might be made. 4 the division marched towards Fredrick.. and preparations made to capture the town.July all night. when near enemy s pickets were discovered.July to it . drew supplies and re ".July mained ". the James driven handsomely to within half a mile of his trains at the town. 6. July 3. The enemy was College. watch and fight the enemy. it moved to West it moved to minster to guard the trains of the army at that point. driven in. July 5 reached Fredrick. and men on the night of June 30 and was commendable in the extreme. when he came out strong enough to prevent our further progress.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. who had posted his men under shelter and who held their fire until the rebel line came within short . Tawneytown and bivou The next day. and shall ever remember with service. en route to Williamsport.
I hold his ground until Brigades being out of ammunition.Colonel train of grain and returned with about forty mules and their At Williamsport Captain Graham fought his battery with marked ability and to the admiration of all witnesses. Just before dark Kilpatrick s troops gave way. but were so obstinate that General Merritt could not dis lodge them without too much sacrifice. . The harness. with his regiment. when he opened upon back to its it. supposed to be at Williamsport. s This was repeated with similar success. In Merritt front the enemy made no direct attack. This. I regret too strong for was not accomplished. and the division bivouacked on the road to Boonesborough. While our hottest contest was in progress General Kilpatrick s guns were heard in the direction of Hagerstown. passing to my It rear by the right. The enemy was me. doing terrible execution and driving it stronghold.The expedition had for its object the destruction of the enemy to say. displaying great unwillingness to fall back and requiring repeated orders before doing so.84 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. the entire road to Antietam was Devin handsomely car ried out his instructions. now by the enemy. Chapman. Devin was ordered to relieve Gamble and ordered the a portion of Merritt to fall back. s troops. This attempted to turn our right with a brigade of infantry. and the First and Reserve This being done. attempt was most admirably foiled by General Merritt. destroyed a small ". and as they drew nearer I directed him to connect with my right for mutual support. dashed off to the road leading from Falling Waters to Williamsport. being outnumbered. however. carbine range. but he was severely punished for his obstinacy. ties His casual were more than quadruple mine. s trains. to command Devin clear. The enemy. and were closely followed being dark. but was of no consequence to either of us. The connection was made. ". officers and men behaved with their usual courage.
July 12 and 13 remained at Bakersville and pushed to within 800 yards of the enemy s entrenchments at pickets Downsville. work determined to carry anything in reason. and the fighting lasted until 5 m. .HlSTOBY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. scattering him in confusion through woods and ravines.July Each man went 11 the First and Second Brigades moved in the after noon in the vicinity of Bakersville. m. a. to There was no faltering or hesitation. the division was ordered to advance and at 7 :30 ated during the night. and consequently ordered the division to fall back. and attacked the enemy in flank and doing him great damage. which was soon seen in front of Kilthe north. Howe s division of the Sixth Corps was in 3 p. s was discovered the enemy had evacu The few remaining scouts were run into the m. m. ". rear. ". him that I would put my whole force in on the enemy rear and flank and get possession of the road and bridge in their rear. 8th. the Reserve Brigade camping well in advance on the Hagerstown road. July 10 attacked enemy at 8 a. 9th and 10th. it army. who had advanced from I sent word to s Kilpatrick was en gaged. There was splendid fighting on the part of the division on the 7th. and drove him through Funkstown to his and gave battle. but had no orders to aid me. At I could no longer reply with carbines. the and drove him handsomely about two miles. after having a successful cavalry brush with the enemy s advance. easy supporting distance. The division held on our side of the town like veterans until its ammuni entrenchments beyond Antietam. July 14 at 7 a. enemy attacked at 5 a. m. Our spoils on this occasion were one ten-pounder Farrott gun. July 8 the p. when the division July 9. bivouacked for the night. attacked the enemy at 4 p. m. for want of cartridges. The reserve brigade was de tached.July 85 7 the division moved to Boonesborough. m. He was driven back about four miles. rear guard of Lee patrick. The division succeeded in getting the road. when he came out with a heavy force of infantry and artillery the crest tion was exhausted.
July 17 remained at Petersville. re maining until the 26th. On the 26th the division took possession of river Warrentown and Fayetteville. to the subsistence department at ". Merritt came up in time to take the advance before the enemy The enemy s had entirely crossed and made many captures. brigade commanders. Gamble near Chester Gap. . Detached during afternoon to hold Chester General Merritt with his brigade to hold Manassas Gap. finding July 23 whole division concentrated at Barbes Cross Roads. General one caisson.July 15 the division moved to Berlin. July am. July 20 marched to Eectortown. To General Merritt. Commanding. ".". Devin moved to Barbes Cross Roads. July 21 Merritt in Manassas Gap. July 19 to Petersville. As our side loose troops neared the bridge the enemy cut the Maryland and the bridge swung to the Virginia side. I give my heartfelt thanks for and hearty support. there ". July 22 wagon train sent to Warrentown in charge of Sixth New York Cavalry. Colonels Gamble their zeal and Devin. Gamble Gap. but on at Chester s its feasibility of reception obeyed its dictates to the letter. no tiring on the part of a single man so far as I have seen. General Merritt and Colonel Gamble each had a fight and made captures. ". picketing from Sulphur Springs to Kelleys Ford. which were turned over 24. your obedient servant. the whole campaign. ". the Rappahannock July 31.Brigadier-General of Volunteers. and Devin with all the train moved to Salem.JOHN BUFORD. Neither of them ever doubted the an order. July 16 moved camp July 18 crossed Purcellville. it already in possession of a superior force of the enemy.I Markham. bridge was protected by over a dozen guns in position and sharp shooters on the Virginia side. very respectfully. and encamped near marched through Philimont and encamped on Goose creek near Rectors Cross Eoads.During from June 27 to has been no shirking or hesitation. The First Brigade captured 854 head of beef cattle and 602 sheep Gap. over 500 prisoners and about 300 muskets.86 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
From Vol. while in camp at the seminary building. written at the time by the brave. now being driven . S. three squadrons of the Third Indiana and two squadrons of the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry. and we will not pass from Gettysburg until we have given his account of that mighty conflict as he saw But even more intimately was our Col. the Three squadrons. communicated to the general commanding the who ordered my command enemy.About 8 o clock on the morning of the the 1st instant. with deployed skirmishers in This information was strong force about three miles distant. consisting of infantry and artillery in column. to which the battalion of the Third Indiana belonged. immediately division. XXVII. the right resting on the railroad track and the left near the Middletown or little to Fairfax (Fair field) road. was approaching his pickets from the direction of Cashtown. 87 No Army excuse could be required for inserting in this history the foregoing full account of the operations of the cavalry of the of the Potomac. battalion known by our gal William commander. Eighth Illinois. Second U. of the grand old Eighth Illinois Cavalry. wise and well-beloved commander of ful diary of the division to which it was attached. about 1. page 934. officer commanding the squadron on picket gave me notice that the enemy.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. to be in immediate readiness to fight the My brigade consisting of the Eighth New York. and Tidball s battery.600 strong. lant brigade and acted his part in it. the Cashtown road being a right of the center at right angle with the line. Artillery was placed in line of battle about one mile in front of the seminary. at which time the greatest battle of the war Gettysburg was fought. were ordered to the front and deployed as skirmishers to support the squadron on picket. part dismounted. It is a faith what was done by our branch of the service during thirty-four days of most arduous service. we quote Colonel Gamble: ". for it was the turning point in the war. Gamble.
Half of the Eighth New York. Third Indiana and Twelfth were dismounted and placed behind a portion of a stone wall and under cover of trees. fight and fences. ing under cover of trees good execution and retarded the progress of the enemy as much as could possibly be expected. where . His and our line of skir s mishers became engaged and our artillery opened on the enemy The enemy moved advancing column.88 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALBY. our infantry advance of its the First Corps arrived and relieved the cavalry brigade in unequal contest with the enemy. did and there make a stand. The general com trot. were sharply engaged. After checking and retarding the enemy s advance several hours. with the seminary on our right. to manding the division ordered my brigade forward at a deploy in line on the ridge of the woods. regiment to cover that The enemy cautiously approached in column on the road with three extended lines on each flank. forward. covering the approaches of the enemy. and falling back only about first line 200 yards from the of battle. In the afternoon the enemy being strongly reinforced extended his flanks and advanced on our left in three strong lines to turn that flank. Our battery of side guns was placed in position. when it is known they were opposed by three divisions of Hill s corps. s back by the enemy six three-inch rifle artillery and skirmishers. of the first line of the enemy that it fell back in on the second Our men kept up the fire until the enemy overwhelming numbers approached so near that in order to save my men and horses from capture they were ordered to mount and fall back rapidly to the next ridge on the left of the town. two batteries opened on us and a sharp engagement of artillery took place. left and the other section on the right of the flank. we opened a sharp and rapid carbine fire. which killed and Illinois wounded so many line. powering numbers to fall In a short time we were compelled by over back about 200 yards to the next ridge In the meantime our skirmishers. The enemy being close upon us. one section on each of the Cashtown road. doing good execution.
.GEORGE MIDDLETON AT 61.
and did excellent execution. We held our position until . supported by the balance of the keeping up a sharp carbine reserve. Captain Martin.My brigade fought well under disadvantageous circumstances against a largely superior force. drove the rebel pickets on their the immediate The dismounted men were under com mand of the gallant and lamented Major Medill. Twelfth Illinois Cavalry. Williamsport. same regiment. near Williamsport. Major Lemon. Md. Tidball s battery under Lieutenant Calef. the reserve brigade being on the right of the road. since dead. our artillery was posted. The list of casualties is large.. Captain Morris. wounded. attached to my brigade. wounded. Every officer and soldier did his less. July 6. opened on the enemy. This brigade was ordered to Boonesborough road. killed. Eighth New York. serving on my staff. was wounded. the dismounted men in the meantime placed in position. duty. Third Indiana. ". did good execution and fully sustained former high reputation. who fell mortally wounded. fire. was its worked faithfully. Third Indiana.Near This brigade had the honor to commence close it morning and in the evening. and one of my orderlies was killed. The brigade was then placed in line of battle. Lieutenant Conroe. Eighth Illinois Cavalry. three-fourths of drive the it dismounted to enemy s skirmishers. making prisoners of the drivers and those in charge of the train. The Third Indiana Cavalry was ordered to capture and destroy a train of seven engage the enemy on the left of the wagons of the enemy on our left on the Downsville road. was mortally wounded. Captain severely Follett. the fight in the ".HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALEY. 89 against the The stand which we made enemy prevented our left flank from being turned and saved a division of our infantry. Tidball s battery of four guns mounted men. Eighth Illinois Cavalry. but could not be con sidering the position we occupied. which was successfully accomplished. Captain Fisher and Lieutenant Voss. wounded. many times our superior in numbers.
left. The rebels moved forward to drive in our skirmishers. my brigade came up and drove the enemy . the battery being in position on the center of the line. which was accom Gen. Md. but after a sharp contest were unable to drive me from my s position on the right. when the dis across mounted men of Beaver creek.Near Boonesborough. but being unable to dislodge the enemy from the woods I formerly occupied. s dark and were then relieved by Colonel Devin ordered to fall brigade and back to Jones Cross Roads in the direction of . Buford in person leading the advance line of skirmishers. my brigade was ordered forward. Afterwards Kilpatrick division was relieved and placed on the right. General Buford ordered my brigade to take position on the crest of the ridge on the right of Hagerstown. looked at each other and retired. sion ". July 8. my dismounted men thrown out to the front the road to and in a strip of woods on the right of the road . gradually worked round on the Kilpatrick driving the skirmishers of division. on the Williamsport or of his Funkstown road. however. placed a section of artillery so as to bring a crossfire on my brigade. on the left Three-fourths of the brigade were dismounted and ordered to drive the enemy out of the woods in fire front. when I was ordered to fall back on s Boonesborough.90 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. sup ported by their battery. which we reached about midnight the delay being caused by Kilpatrick s division having been driven back in confu from the direction of Hagerstown. The enemy was reported advancing on the Hagerstown road. halted. the battery placed in position under a heavy fire. General Kilpatrick with two squadrons command galloped down the road within a short distance of the enemy. about one and one-half miles from Boonesborough. Boonesborough. supported by the mounted men. drove the enemy three miles and across Beaver creek. The enemy. plished rapidly under a heavy of shell and musketry. completely blockading the road in our rear and making it impassable for several hours..
When our ammunition was expended we were ordered by General Buford to fall back. The rebels then occupied our position it and our loss of infantry afterwards had to retake several killed ". vanced in line of battle. ". so as to cross the Potomac during the night. 14th instant the brigade was ordered to the direction of Downsville morning of the march on the enemy in the On from our camp near Bakersville. we advanced again on the 10th instant with dismounted skirmishers and supported by the balance of the mounted men. and although Our infantry finally arrived to we were hard pressed by the enemy and nearly all our ammunition expended.Near 91 Funkstown. Md.. which did good execution. and our skirmish line was advanced to the suburbs of the town.. reserve of the enemy. and the Second Brigade on the heavy fire of artillery Drove the enemy rapidly under a and musketry into Funkstown on a large left. The brigade having driven the rebels along the Hagerstown road from Beaver creek to within three miles of Funkstown on the 9th instant. and were informed that the enemy had re treated towards Falling Waters and Williamsport. The division ad right. July 14. the in fantry pitched their shelter tents and commenced cooking and eating in spite of repeated requests to the commanding officer of the infantry to occupy our excellent position and relieve us. found the enemy s earthworks at Downsville abandoned. Falling Waters. We proceeded in that direction. Md. and when near there observed a division of the enemy intrenched on a hill covering the approach to the . July 10. dislodge lasted he The enemy us from our was unable tried hard with a much superior force to position. but so long as our ammunition to do so.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The brigade marched rapidly towards Falling Waters. within a half mile of our rear. We occupied the heights above Funkstown with Tidball s battery. under Lieutenant Calef. reserve brigade on the First Brigade in the center and on both sides of the road.Near with the unnecessary and wounded. artillery.
which was found to consist of Pickett s division of infantry. captured from the enemy by the Eighth New York Cavalry. which was after wards sent by General Kilpatrick to the camp of this brigade. Va. one towards .. fell This having alarmed the back toward the ford before we could get round in We. he his rear. where it properly belonged. in line of battle behind their earthworks. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. however. occupying the Gap on tion the crest of the mountain. m. These two squadrons were instantly scattered and destroyed by the fire of the rebel brigade not a single dead enemy could be found when the ground . arriving in that vicinity at 3 :30 p. July 21. enemy. taking about 511 prisoners. In obedience to to orders this brigade marched from near Rector stown. with our dismounted men attacked him in flank on rough ground and had a sharp carbine engagement.. ope regi ment of Jones cavalry and a battery of six guns. which this we could easily have accomplished. also a three-inch Parrott gun. was examined a few hours afterward. During s movement I saw two small squadrons of General Kilpatrick division gallop up the hill to the right of the rebel infantry. enemy pickets to the crest of the Gap on their reserve.92 ford.July 21 and 22. Upon obtaining this informa and not having a sufficient force to drive the enemy from the Gap. to cut them from the ford and capture them. mile from the the Chester Gap (about twenty miles). We here took position so as to cover the two roads leading from the Gap. officer Any competent cavalry of experience could foretell the result. and having no support nearer than twenty miles. in connection with the other brigades of the First Cavalry Division. The brigade. we fell back one and one-half miles from the Gap. ". was ordered to attack the move round off to flank and enemy in the rear. sixty-one of whom together with 300 s stands of arms were turned over to an officer of Kilpatrick division by mistake . About a Gap our advance line of skirmishers encountered I dismounted six squadrons and drove the enemy s s pickets.
Charles Lemon. my pickets reported the enemy advancing from the Gap in column with skirmishers on the road towards When the enemy s column came within easy range Sperryville. who had been with the regiment from the organization. all purchased and on the way to be delivered to the rebel the Gap. in charge of a commissary agent and his son. m. counsel and brave in arian. approaching my left flank. the Third Indiana Cavalry suffered severely in this great battle. eighty-four horses. Commanding T. wagon train. Adjutant-General First Cavalry Division. his advance guard and skirmishers being still engaged with ours. and only by overwhelming numbers compelled me to fall back slowly towards Barbes Cross Roads. while he was a of strict disciplin men well knew he never asked them other than . both wise in action. halted and fell back out of our range. placed the guns in battery and a strong line of pickets in front and flank. and. first as lieutenant. the He was every inch a soldier. continued firing. m. keeping my videttes and pickets watching the enemy. ". BACON.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. army at who were captured. both in killed and wounded. ".Assistant As will be seen by the list in another part of this volume.WILLIAM ". m. we opened fire on it with artillery and the carbines of the dis with its mounted men so effectually that the column. s we The holding our position and preventing the head of Longstreet corps from moving forward from the Gap from 8 a. 654 beef cattle. ". 93 Barbes Cross Roads and the other to Little Washington and Sperryville. First Brigade. twelve mules.July 22 at 8 a. drove in our skir mishers. till 6 p. ".Capt.Colonel GAMBLE. We captured to-day twenty-three pris oners. then captain of Company D and later as major by promotion in line.". enemy then brought in the five regiments of infantry around out of sight woods and. C. 602 sheep. First Cavalry Division. among the former being Maj.
He drove my pickets back about 1. command command The heretofore attached to the Third Indiana. the cavalry camping near the from Germania Ford on the Rapidan river. established on the 26th of July from Sulphur Springs to Kelleys nock. when the division came up and drove him nearly two it miles. He had never been absent from duty and when the casualty of battle removed him his loss was felt in the regiment.94 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. My picket line tonight s from where an utter was yesterday. Ford on the Rappahanrebel cavalry with six when 2. as we did from our side. The rebel army was south of the Rapidan. heroes. and which have been our main reliance in the writing of this history.000 guns attacked the line of the First and Reserve Brigades. The First and Reserve Brigades behaved like The army moved south latter point a short distance of the Rappahannock and encamped around Culpepper and Stevensburg. until the 4th of August.". 1863. on the 10th of October. Of this XXIX. the First Brigade of Bu- remained the same with the exception that two squadrons of the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry were attached to the Third Indi s ana Cavalry. unfor- . Reans was given of the First Brigade. just what he deemed of and what he conceded could justly be exacted him by his superiors. There was quietude on the picket line. save occasional artillery firing when some body of troops exposed itself within range of the enemy s guns. My casualties are trifling. In the reorganization of the ford Army of the Potomac on the 31st of July. and their cavalry picketed the fords from their side. During this time.500 yards. of the four companies of the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry. Henry L. Colonel Chapman was placed in Major McClure of the Third Indiana Cavalry and Capt. General Buford says (Vol. records from which we have so often quoted. under Colonel Chapman. There was little disturbance. The enemy 800 yards reconnoissance was is failure. page 22) : ". under General Meade. say five to ten.
in advance. . Third Indiana. crossed Robertson camping for the night on the outskirts Early next morning Kilpatrick moved on through Madison Court House and Buford moved down the north side of Beautiful river. Major Patton commanded his bugler being with the the regiment. Major himself with Some three or four miles out from Madison Court and when the first House the skirmishers ran on shots to rebel cavalry. the road making a sharp at us turn around a thick clump of underbrush in the corner of a and clump of underbrush before coming into view of Company F. river. wounded and captured ten men. yards in front was an opening or farm. men with him dashed down the slope of after them. tunately do not always to find tell all 95 are unable that should be told. the skirmishers. the left well forward. As they came out from behind the clump of under brush Company F gave them a full volley with their carbines a yell full drive came which quieted the rebel yell. The officer in command of the charging rebel column with about a dozen men continued the charge and surrendered when he reached our while the few artillery. while those troops lay in camp around Stevens- burg. with skirmishers in front. to were fired Major Patton came back Company F and told Captain Moffitt of that company to get ready as the enemy was coming.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. This expedition crossed the Kapidan on the 21st and also s river. 1863. with company F. of Madison Court House. which was formed at right angles with the road. the hill with Company F and right there killed. In in The enemy coming had to pass this corner this position a squadron of the First North Carolina Cavalry with on a charge around the corner above re ferred to. most of the charging column wheeled and broke back on the road from whence they came. We any account of a reconnoissance made by Buford s division and a portion of Kilpatrick s command on the 21st and 22d of September. To the right of the road the land sloped left down to the and the was a level open woodland. Two hundred field.
where we camped the enemy being there . In to co-operate with him the next day. Then command crossed the ford at Beautiful river and at Stevensburg. 1863. After falling back. here came to the support of Company F which was then dismounted. General Buford was ordered to force the enemy drive s line at Part 1). twelve horses in this part of the fight. XXIX.96 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. movement had been ordered. The Third Cavalry was had won. Ford reached that The ford was passed the same day and Mortons night. There was skirmishing at this point for two or three ordered to hold the line it hours. a number of horses were left dead in the road. firing at our men who were still mounted. which General fell Buford expected in the night. com manding the First Army Corps. information had been received that Lee s army was moving by It seems that after this forward . Company B of the Third Indiana battalion. Brown were wounded and James The company and the lost Mount s horse shot dead under him. following the rebels about a mile and a half. the enemy dismounted behind the clump of underbrush that had been our source of concealment and began There Hez Daily. It was said the first volley of Company F killed twelve men and wounded a number more. when the the Third Cavalry was ordered to mount and charge. back this camp General Buford received orders that all. The First Corps. enemy before him and move around to Mortons Ford and communicate with General Newton. he should have received earlier not to cross the Rapidan at but to return and recross the Rappahannock at the station or Kelleys. was soon on its way to camp On the 10th of October. page 348. also in their entrenchments. soon had the rebels routed from their hiding place and on the run. which they did. and while so holding it Ben jamin Loder of Company F was killed and two or three others wounded. the Germania Ford (Vol. Louis Klussmann and Pollard J. who was instructed to force a passage there.
being sent to check him while Devin crossed his command. skirmishing This latter Colonel and crossing the river above movement was discovered in time all his Raccoon Ford. During this crossing the enemy was very active at on my left flank. ". quite severely. page at recross the immediately 348) Mortons Ford. and a very well. to foil his plans. XXIX. was decreased. soon returned to retard my crossing. fought too bravely While Colonel Devin was doing so his brigade had made preparation crossed at Raccoon. The ford was bad and had to be repaired. that had crossed. finding he was not followed and receiving reinforcements.". the right flank of the 97 Potomac by way of Madison Court House. s Colonel Devin was sorely pressed as his force on the enemy but by frequent dashing and telling the two batteries on the north side.hot the army. Chapman with brigade. Third (West) Virginia. not to stay. and by the fire from kept the enemy from closing side this occasion on his rear. however.I started He retired towards Raccoon . This movement caused Army of the a change in the plans of the general commanding ". Colonel Devin s command on was beau and consequently suffered tifully handled. by his courage and hard fighting won the admiration of all who saw him. each line followed closely by the . which caused some delay. heading for Washington. He to says (Vol. He speedily made his dispositions and as soon as completed down came this overwhelming force of cavalry upon him. in confusion and ter ribly punished. Rapidan works.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Captain Conger. driving the enemy from his inner : ". Colonel to Chapman with meet the force that had warm reception he gave them. but to be hurled back dismayed. He found a superior force of cavalry formed and ready to charge. charges. When still near Stevensburg the Second Brigade connected.Shortly after the rout of this cavalry its support (infantry his posi force) advanced and Colonel Chapman withdrew from tion directly towards Stevensburg. but not until General Buford was in a box.
killed the day before were buried and the wounded cared recrossed the Rappahannock. I determined to a stand until they were all safe. and experience Buford the advance of the Fifth Corps. but by 8 p. The Third Division soon made connection with my The enemy was accomplished the Sixth New York charged. The same night Sedgewick s Buford division of cavalry bring ing up the rear and crossing the river about daylight on the 13th . Mountain Run. and General Sedgewick after this fighting s s corps. the division was across the Rappa hannock. at enemy. and here learned that General Pleasanton. although closely followed by him. followed closely by the Ninth New York. with the Third Divis ion. right.98 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The feints enemy in pressed my left closely in retiring. and regained Here occurred the advantage that the enemy supposed he had. The next day division. towards Kelleys. sistance at Stevensburg until making an obstinate re everything was safely across that it nasty stream. immediately made to arrive. all under the command of General Sedgewick. The men for. Seeing a number of wagons passing along the road from enemy.". was still in the rear of the Fifth Corps. Brandy Station I found the rear guard of the Fifth Corps passing through to cross the Rappahannock. The division then withdrew. being direction. and made several my front. Arrangements were make a stand until the Third Division should seeing the Third Division across the open and out of my sight. recrossed the Rappahannock and drove the pursuing enemy to within one and one-half miles of Culpepper. turned their column in that country. after which leisurely retired to Brandy Station without a great deal of molestation from the To my surprise. make the Culpepper through Stevensburg. m. I knew nothing up to this time of how extensive this retrograde movement of our army was. Devin s troops using the saber. Here the division fought enemy s cavalry until its support came up with long-range muskets. As soon as this a severe hand-to-hand fight.
m. 1863. Thus ended the pursuit of the rebel army and its march on Washington and the scare was over. still Broad Run and Cedar Run with the Buford s rebel cavalry in pursuit. marching on the south side of the Orange & Alexandria railroad track. until after dark. and the last wagon safely crossed Bull Run and was parked with the main army at him Fairfax Station. was again struck who seemed to suppose they would strike the wagon train there. Longstreets s rebel corps had crossed the Rappahannock on division lay and the night of the 13th above where a bee line across lots for the Buford s made army train passing at Catletts Station and Weaverville. trains which were 99 The division at Catletts Station was in the rear of our army and Weaverville. Lee fell back across the Rap pahannock and the Rapidan and took position at Mine Run. The wagon trains began moving at once but the division in camp on the north bank of the Rappahannock until the lay morning of the 14th. of October. the north side of the Rapidan and went into winter quarters. and Bu- ford s orders were to guard the rear and flank of the train on the march from the Kappanhannock to Centerville by way of Brentsville. and had the train almost within its grasp as it reached Brentsville.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. it Meade moved to that point fell prepared for to battle. but was not Culpepper and Stevensburg on fought. s advancing troops and the army train parked and a furious battle. There Warren s corps of our army. In all that strenuous campaign the Third Indiana did its full part back Meade then and was glad of the rest that came with winter. . lasting from 11 a. division between Cedar Run and battle Bull Run by the enemy. ensued. seemed to rise up out of the earth between Longstreet at Brentsville. which a rebel brigade was captured just The train was saved and moved on with Buford s crossing division in its rear. in after dark. again gave The division and drove him back.
the battalion of the Third On the 31st of January. M . its officers. 1864. and James W. The of these was desig captain. and Simeon Mitchell. Army Part 2. subject to the orders of the military authorities who had charge of affairs in Indiana. (Vol. Oliver M. 1862. Wilcox that were sent Tennessee by way of Cincinnati and Cumberland Gap. 1864.) When in East Tennessee they were under the orders of field. two new companies were first or ganized for the regiment in Indiana. were mustered into the service on the 23d of October. page 290. were mustered into the service on the llth of December. H. After ten companies of the Third Indiana Cavalry had been in the field something over a year. J. Lowe. commanded by Col. Ma j. The second company was designated Company Patton. nated Company L. Powers. first lieutenant. and prior to the march to the sea. 100 . Department of the Cumberland.CHAPTEE IV. Haymond. Charles U. second lieutenant. 1863. -Gen. ber. in February. William W. Stephens. East These companies performed duty with General Wilcox s command as an independent cavalry organization until they reached Maryville. East Tennessee. At the last named date these two companies accompanied a to body of troops under General O. its officers. after the fall of Atlanta Companies G. other From that time on these six companies served together as one organiza tion until the muster out of 1864. Second Division Cavalry. M. XXXII. B. Scho- commanding the of the Ohio. Both of these companies were detained within the State until Septem first lieutenant. 1862. J. J. second lieutenant. when they joined the four companies under Lieutenant-Colonel Klein. Indiana Cavalry was in the Second Brigade. James W. I and K in October. George Langsdale. captain.
camped on both sides of the Tennessee . and rebel citizens. Klein makes the following report: ". had been sent to Kentucky in the early spring to be ". of the work per formed in the latter part of the winter of 1863-4 by the Third offer as the best Indiana Cavalry in East Tennessee. save two regiments.Headquarters Third Indiana Cavalry. in which I broke deserters up and paroled soldiers from the rebel army.Maryville. 1864. the Tenth Michigan and Third Indiana Cavalry. in a measure. 1864. General Schofield s further says. to become the this wing of the army in the Atlanta campaign. at Schofield to rendezvous his command. 1864. Col. page 36.". The official record (Vol. preparatory to carrying out General Sherman by the withdrawal of the main body of the troops from East Tennessee it was necessary to drive the enemy beyond the Wausecure from invasion by the taga river and effectually destroy the railroad bridges so as to make East Tennessee enemy This was thoroughly accomplished by General Cox s in force. page 508) General Schofield says ". January 14. who had been stealing stock and goods from loyal citizens of Blount and Monroe counties. order. We have an official account. and taking the same to North Carolina to to sell. aided by the Tenth Michigan and Third Indiana Cavalry. Tenn. and on the 14th of January. General Sherman ordered General the Ohio. At : time (Vol.The cavalry corps. ". Their force was variously estimated from fifty two hundred strong.that remounted.Sir I have the honor to report the following in regard to a late expedition from my command up the Little Tennessee river. XXXII. 101 On the 26th of April.. 1864. XXXVIII. ". East Tennessee.HISTORY OF THE THIED INDIANA CAVALRY. which we evidence of what the Western battalion was doing at that time. the Army of left Charleston. division. Tenn. most of the month of January. a nest of guerrillas composed of absentees.. Part 1) reports the Third Indiana Cavalry at Maryville.".
without further loss to us. The horses. I was only able to get twenty-eight men across on the best horses. . Adjutant-General. made : the following report (Vol. the current being swift lost First Sergt.Lieutenant-Colonel. until next morning. Tenn. arms and equipments were taken up on my quartermaster s return. ".. my command on the other side enemy attacked my picket posts on the and showed themselves rather prominently on I thought best to ascertain what was in our front.102 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. capturing one captain. 1864. From Headquarters. The prisoners have been put in charge of the provost marshal of this county to forward to General Carter. Part 1. river. twenty-four miles from this place. half early dawn I attempted to throw difficult my forces across the river. -Gen. etc. in concert. Twenty-third Army Corps.EGBERT KLEIN. all the roads. routing them completely. horses. ". and stopped at night at the Harrison Ford. ". equipments.Headquarters Department of the Third Ohio.. and much Bernard Kraft. scattering their pickets and charg ing into their camps. and his horse by drowning. Milo S.Very to. Hascall. U. ". S. m. eight miles from their camp. We then moved up the river on either side. I make this respectfully. Knoxville. your obedient servant..Assistant Commanding. Division. ". ". XXXII. as fast as the Here I blockaded roads would admit. Army.I left camp with 100 men on At the llth instant at 3 p. their arms. and came near losing more.Having no intermediate headquarters to report report direct to your headquarters. Company running. February 21. at a place known as Chilhowee. Brig. K. page 409) ". ". all which was swimming for a horse ice the way across.Major While I was visiting of the river yesterday the Sevierville road. one first lieutenant and twenty-one men.".
about 200 men in ranks.MiLO S. HASCALL. one of whom The whole was very well remarkably executed by Colonel Klein and proves efficient officer. near Knoxville.. force. BASCOM. page 410) . and started out on the Sevierville road. Robert Klein. M. ".HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Division. ". I them to withdraw. infantry. to push any farther with directed my small force. ". Colonel Klein affair lost six men wounded.Maj. under Major Patterson. and the left wing of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Finally with two companies he charged upon the Fourth and Eighth Tennessee (rebel) Cavalry and succeeded in cutting off some 200 of them. Camp Part 1.". till the pushing them back about two or three miles farther. February 21. as compared with theirs. one of whom was the adjutant of the Having now ascertained from citizens and the prisoner taken that it was two brigades of Martin s (rebel) cavalry that we were contending with. but could only bring off ten of them. of which is respectfully submitted.All There were no casualties in the infantry I forward the report of Colonel Klein. Commanding G. will die. ". : XXXII. About a mile out we encountered which was promptly driven away by the had the rebels fairly started in retreat I directed Colonel Klein to enemy s outpost.Brigadier-General of Volunteers. the infantry in advance. about 150 or 175 men. As soon as we the go forward with his he ascertained order and fell men and press the enemy vigorously how much force they had. 1864 (Vol. under Lieut.-Col.Assistant Adjutant-General Twenty-third Army Corps. him to be a His men also behaved themselves in the most creditable manner. 103 and accordingly took the Fourth Tennessee Infantry. ". He at once obeyed upon them with great vigor. and not deeming it prudent Eighth Tennessee. Tenn.
commanding the Sixty-fifth Indiana Mounted Infantry. covering a report by Capt. near Bulls Gap.Assistant Adjutant-General.Sir HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. finding the odds too great against us. ". he says: ". Commanding. In the record (Vol. we at Chucky Bend on Chucky river. nine men and loss ten horses. dated find the capture of a rebel scouting party by the Third Indiana Cavalry that had been pursuing Captain Ham mond field s s. I thought it prudent to withdraw. In a report of General Schodated April 15. 1864 (page 670). ".Capt. We had at one time as many as 200 men cut but were too weak to hold them.ROBERT KLEIN. so far as could be observed.104 ". command. KERSTETTER. six etc. EDMUND R. ". leaving one company to guard against a move ment around our rear. ". by General Hascall order I passed to the front with four companies. John W. twelve horses left on the and six stands of arms. March 13.". when.After enemy s outposts were driven beyond our vidette s station. I have the honor to report the following as the part taken by ville my command the in the affair of yesterday on the Sevier- road: ".Respectfully. As fruits of the engagement I brought off one adjutant (Eighth Tennessee). page 496). ". off. by a charge we drove the Fourth and to Eighth Tennessee Cavalry where the remainder of their force was dismounted and in line.My was field men wounded (one mortally). Hammond. XXXII. Here I had every man in hotly engaged. reconnoitering beyond Greenville on the 14th. The enemy s loss was Five are known to be killed. I soon met the enemy in considerable force and skirmished (both driving them slowly until mounted and dismounted) with them. . your obedient servant. which was done in good order.The Third Indiana Cavalry. and some arms. 1864.Lieutenant-Colonel ". greater.
on the 2d of May. D.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Cox Col. From that time on we .". on the Wau- taga river. directed that if s men were dis s mounted to mount them by dismounting men of Colonel Garrard command. assigned the Third Indiana Cavalry to the First Brigade of the Third Division. providing for the cavalry organization of that army. in an order any of Colonel Klein issued at Strawberry Plains on the 22d of March. troops that General Cox. William W. This was particularly true of the Tenth Michigan and Third Indiana alry regiments. Reynolds. 93. killing ten.) There was no change in this character of the service for the Western battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry until the organi zation of the cavalry forces by General Sherman for the Atlanta campaign.have . Special Orders No. 1864. and that the battalion had been assigned the duty of destroying the bridge over the Wau- taga river at that point. J. to Gen. 1864. The official record indicates that the mounted service in East Tennessee in the latter part of the winter of 1863 and the early part of 1864 was to a large extent inefficient. 1864. reports that he has the Third Indiana at Lick Creek. including their leader. XXXII. dated Department of the Cumberland. to the Tenth Michigan. capturing fifteen. page 110. commanded by General Kilpatrick. service had more than their share of work to perform. Stoneman. guarding his also wagon trains. 105 surprised a body of rebel cavalry. the Fifth commanded by After this Iowa Cavalry. that were well Cav So true was this of these mounted and always on the move. Lowe. and these broken down troops had been sent to Ken The few cavalry organizations fit for tucky to be remounted. the horses having been starved and worn out by the campaigns of the early autumn and winter. and the same order applied (Vol. April 2. of assignment Gen. when we had the battalion commanded by Major Gaddis attached to the First Brigade (com manded by Lieutenant-Colonel Klein) of the Third Division.
occupying a strong position.. On the 2d of May. May.. command 7. he was found in large force. and center until the in its terrible conflicts around that stormy In that army wonderful march cut loose and went on it its march to the sea.. some artillery was used.Here finally from his first camp at Tunnell Hill. one mor tally and two severely wounded. to Dalton. too seldom. drove him from one to another. page 855).". possibly. although I think he has cavalry only. My loss today is two killed. and at the latter point was reinforced by 4. at m..183 infantry.My XXXVIII. brigade and regimental commanders. says: 3 a. met the position enemy one mile from Stone Church. in detail. forced back the rebel cavalry covering the masking move ments of the Twentieth Corps. Major-General Stoneman commanded the cavalry corps and General Kilpatrick commanded the Third Division of that corps. 678 artillery and 1. their history in the reports of division. but in a general way. with a force of 11. 115 ar tillery and 1. XXXVIII. Continuing (Vol. The report of yesterday that the enemy had left Tunnell Hill was a mistake. 1864 (Vol. General Schofield moved from Charleston.ot march on Atlanta.106 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.493 cavalry. he made a recon- all his effective force in the direction of Tunnell at moved through Hookers Gap and 4:30 a. encampment Ga. bringing the Army of the Ohio up to 19. ".105 infantry. and. from General Kilpatrick reports that under orders from headquarters of the noissance with Hill. they tell us that they were a part of that mighty and irresistible army under General Sherman that bore down all before it in its E".I Army of the Cumberland. left its page 857). On the 2d of Ringold.565 men.. m. General Kilpatrick at Ringold. too. ".268 men of all arms.697 cavalry. Tenn. making a total of 13. 1864. ". crossed Taylors Ridge through Nickajack Trace. May 1864. Ga. will ever be a source of pride that a part of our regiment had some honorable part. Ga. Major-General Hooker command- .
ing. drove the enemy cavalry and infantry skirmish line back behind their works. at the entrance of Snake Creek Gap. Murray. kept communication between General Thomas column. Calhoun and Lays Ferry. llth and 12th of May. in further pursuance of these orders put my command at night. By was taken Lays Ferry possession of. .HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. moved to Villanow and opened communication with the Army of the Tennessee. Made 10th. and afterwards on Colonel Murray s report as the successor of General Kilpatrick command of the division is found at page 862 of the same vol : ". reconnoissance and scouted the country during the 9th. making demonstrations at Gideons.". owing to the formation of the banks and the direction of the stream. post. masking the until the force of the movements of our infantry and the command took enemy was too great to contend with longer. which being accomplished. 17th. 1864. Led the advance of the Army s of the Tennessee in the attack on Resaca. moving on the Adairville road. of the 107 Army of the Cumberland. reporting to the general his instruction commanding. thereby covering the formation of our infantry lines. and encamped near Trickum Postoffice. to take possession of the cross roads. in reserve. and that of Gen. Colonel in The command devolved on Lowe. with Received orders and reported my command to Major-General McPherson on the south side of Stony Face Ridge. 1864. moved with the command across a pontoon at Lays Ferry.I ume. On the 15th moved to Calhoun Ferry. on the I re right of our army. Col. picketing it On the 14th moved. 16th. MajorGeneral McPherson commanding. namely. and proceeded to my home in the East to recover from wounds received during the day. 1864. May 7. May 8. in which he says proceeded to carry out the instructions of Major-General Sherman. the guns of the enemy completely covered the crossing. when I was relieved by the infantry on the evening of May 13. luctantly on the evening of the 13th resigned command of the division. then in line of battle before Resaca. At Calhoun.
to Kingston. and destroy all other bridges which might possibly be used by them. and remained in camp until m. skirmishes and captures of small bodies of the enemy and of property by various small bodies of his command.. turned over command to Colonel Lowe. On the 15th crossed the Chattahoochee. Department of the Cumberland. Kingston all General Kilpatrick being absent wounded. Ga. when Colonel . 9. W. and en Sandtown. On the 18th moved to Adairsville.. on the 15th. with remainder of division at Cartersville. hy a road parallel to that occupied by the moving columns of the Armies of the Cumberland and Tennessee. McGuire s. The division was subse Third Brigade at Calhoun. W. 1864. W. Chief of Cavalry. Lowe. June 23 from Cartersville. Elliott.. on the Chattahoochee. . Kilpatrick says: left Cartersville August 1864. General 2. was to guard the line of the Etowah river. with moving in advance of General Logan. reporting to General Elliott. says (Vol. Ga. XXXVIII. Ga. Chief of Cavalry. fortified 5 p. Resuming camped at his report ". June 11. head quently assigned as follows: quarters. 14 and 18. encountered the enemy and successfully drove him all day. but to to prevent its remove the planks from flooring use by the enemy. on Cassville road. to McPherson. XXXVIII. relieving Colonel Lowe. on the road his regiment. W. all briefly re counting scouts. Lowe reports briefly from Adairsville.. took up position on the south side. hold Gillems Bridge. page 858). June 10. Department of the Cumberland. June 4.I (Vol.". from Kingston. Ga. Ga. Colonel Baldwin. On the 2d of July General Kilpatrick returned to his command at Cartersville.108 HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. on the 20th moved to a point near headquarters. 12. 21st. with orders to patrol the line of railroad and scout from Cartersville to Spring Place. General 3.". with orders to obstruct fords. left at Part a page 747) : The Third Division under Col. June 16. July 7. opening up communication with Major-General Hooker. Col. 19th.
and two batteries of artillery. General Ross brigade.500 men. Colonels Minty and Long. below Sideling and destroyed the depot on the evening of the 16th of August with the Third Cavalry Division and two brigades of the Second.. m. crossed the river and drove the enemy from his rifle pits. tore up portions of at the railroad Fairburn containing On my return. m. while the entire command passed. At 12 :30 a. with 4. was driven from my front in the direction of East Point and held from the road by the Second Brigade. At 11 o clock Colonel Murray s division was attacked one mile below the town and driven back. ". The bridge was repaired and the entire command enemy s crossed and occupied Jonesborough at 5 p. and crossed Flint River at 2 p. He slowly retired in the direction of Jonesborough. Third Division (Lieutenant-Colonel Jones). Garrard crossed 109 Camp creek. 1. I now learned that the telegraph and railroad had been destroyed at Bear Creek Station at 11 a. driving the cavalry in confusion from the town. Camp and the regiment routed from its camp a mile beyond at 10 o clock in the evening.100 strong. under Lieutenant-Colonel Klein and that General Armstrong had passed through Jonesborough in that direction at 1 m. by a portion of my command p.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. com manding detachments from their brigades. I .. I left my camp stores. attacked the now suspended operations upon the road and enemy and drove him one mile and a half. He was repulsed and I moved on the Fayetteville road. where I again found him in my front. The West Point railroad was reached and a portion of the track destroyed at daylight. For six hours my command was engaged destroying the road. m.Under cover of my artillery. across Pickets from the Sixth Texas were met and driven creek. destroying the bridge. m. Here General Ross attacked my rear. scouting the country between government Fairburn and the enemy s position at Sandtown. to attack and destroy the enemy s com munications.
on the 20th ". broke and rode over the enemy Colonel Murray with It his regiments s broke their center. thrown into position. six miles. an attack in the direction of Atlanta. many prisoners were taken and his killed and wounded is known to be large. battle flags were taken. wagons and ordnance train captured and destroyed as far as possible. Those in front Pioneers were sent in ad to of his cavalry were very formidable. it taking some time to mount them and form my command for the charge.000 strong. was the most perfect rout any cavalry had sustained during the war. and driven back with heavy this loss. fighting on foot. with his command s left. I and my command were only saved by the prompt and daring bravery of Colonels Minty and Long and Captain Estes. charged. 4.On instant. Colonel Minty. A large number of my people were dis mounted. and halted and allowed the enemy to come up tention and . with artillery. constructed long lines During the delay the enemy of barricades on every side.110 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and in a moment General Jackson division.I over the McDonough road. in three columns.Fearing daylight in the direction of Covington. my assistant adjutant-general. was running in great confusion. ". vance of the charging column remove the obstructions. My command was quickly re-formed. and reached the railroad one mile above Love joys Station at 11 m. left one brigade to engage his at moved rapidly in the direction of McDonough. his ambulances. thence across the country to the Fayetteville road. We Col. fought . I moved before ". In twenty minutes I found that I was completely enveloped by cavalry and infantry with artillery. captured one battle At moment a staff officer from Murray informed me had attacked his that a large force of cavalry. a. attempting to move on the station I encountered a brigade of infantry and was repulsed. decided at once to ride over the enemy s cavalry and retire rear. five miles. We cap tured four guns (three were destroyed and one brought off) three . The enemy were finally checked flag.
battle large number fresh horses and mules and about fifty prisoners. the Second and Seventh Iowa Regiments. a distance of ten miles. m. at 2 p. August 26 the enemy s command moved in advance the march with the grand communications. Only the dangerously wounded were left with the enemy. wounded and missing will not exceed three hundred men.August 25 I moved with my command to Stevens Cross . flags. pushed in ahead of the in river. One train of cars was completely and a second partially destroyed. drove the enemy to cavalry.HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. saved the fantry. the cavalry to this point. Roads. We ef fectively destroyed four miles of the Macon road.We swam Cotton Indian creek and crossed South river on the lines near morning of the 21st and reached our Decatur by way of Lithonia. in its movement upon m. from Jonesborough to Bear Creek Station. ". successfully the Ill enemy s infantry for one hour and forty minutes. on the right of the ". and beyond the railroad. At of and its the right flank of the Army s of the Tennessee. steadily forced the enemy back to within three miles of Renfro Place. ". three. August 22. one mile and a half beyond Union Church went into camp. rushed the enemy back to and across Flint . and went into camp. My entire loss in killed. Majors Hamill and Mahon commanding. under Brigadier-General Ross. the movement upon the Macon command had the advance and. which had Army of made its first day s army 6 a. cov ering the entire country in front of the right flank of the the Tennessee. with railroad at Jonesborough the assistance of two regi ments of infantry. August 27. moving on the right flank up Here the Ninety- second Illinois Mounted Infantry under the direction of Captain Estes. masking upon move ments. Two hundred of this number were killed and wounded. a We of brought into camp one gun. and only retired when we found that we had left only sufficient ammunition to make sure our retreat. my assistant adjutant-general.In my army at Fairburn. without molestation.
Five regiments of cavalry. firing I directed the artillery to com mence on the advancing column of the enemy. and the cav- . the day a daring and successful attempt was made by Captain Qualman (Third Indiana Cavalry) with a portion of the Third Indiana Cavalry to reach the railroad and telegraph. hills moved in and drove the enemy from the high on the right. My cavalry was relieved by infantry during the night. with considerable infantry skirmishing between. far to the left of Jonesborough. with the loss of one man killed. made as night was closing in. of the same day (August 31) the enemy made a determined attack section of the road upon the infantry on the my left. were in position behind barri cades directly in the flanks of the charging column. and took possession of the rifle pits beyond. dismounted. crossed hill in the direction ".I of the station to the left of Jonesborough. This determined attack of cavalry dismounted a mile to the right. and there waited instead of making an attack. rapidly crossed three regiments of cavalry.During Flint river the following morning and moved to enemy s flank near the direction of the railroad. which might have proved disastrous. the brigade of infantry having been pushed in well towards the station. recrossed Anthonys Bridge The bridge having been burned. At first he entirely ignored my command. My artillery was in most favorable position. This I determined he should not do. It seemed to be the intention of enemy to break or turn our right flank. a brigade of infantry having been thrown across and pushed up the bridge. m.112 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. At 3 :30 p. yet resulted most favorable to the success of the operations during the night and the following morning. A was torn up and a mile of telegraph wire was brought away. was quickly one mile below. made a daring but unsuc This attack. forced the believe that a heavy force of infantry enemy to had crossed. while Captain Estes with the Ninety-second Illinois cessful attempt to reach the railroad. and although with considerable loss. and a rebuilt portion of the command passed over and was pushed well in upon the ".
twice charged and was twice repulsed. KILPATRICK. were met by the Ninety-second Illinois.. Ga. ". ". makes the this report (Vol. ". 23d of August. then to Red Oak and finally to Sandtown. at Sandtown. who had been in command of the First Brigade. airy 113 upon the opposite side of the river to meet and attack him. I desire to assure the chief of of cavalry that the officers and men my command have endeavored zealously and faithfully to discharge every duty assigned them. page 868) : .We held the bridge until relieved by the infantry under Gen. for three days from the 18th of August. having covered the rear and flank of the Army of the Tennessee in its retrograde movement from Lovejoys Station to its present position. which had been burned by the enemy. ". Glass Bridge. Army of the Tennessee near Lovejoys Station September this position until 11 o clock Re September 5 and then moved back. On XXXVIII. repulsing with loss every attack he made.Respectfully submitted. and I only hope that he and those of my seniors in rank are as well satisfied with my conduct as I am with the efforts of my command.J. crossed and maintained our position upon the opposite side for two days. He moved down in heavy columns. first to Anthonys Bridge. ". The enemy was forced to turn and meet it.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.Brigadier-General U. when we moved to We repaired the bridge.Before mained in closing my report. S. Volunteers. but finally forced by my people to retire from their rail barricades and across the river. and repulsed. Commanding. This attack was determined and gallantly made. portion of the A enemy succeeded in crossing. Third Cavalry Division. Klein. Lieut-Col. Blair in the afternoon of the following day. below Lovejoys Station. 1864.". We formed a junction with the right of the infantry of the 3. constantly annoying the enemy s flank and rear. dismounted.
m. Commenced tearing up track and telegraph wire. mules and twenty wagons. I left the main column at Steven s farm. with my command of thirteen and 292 men. but I found the guard of infantry too strong. the latter of which were Moved on Griffin road to near Mount Zion Church. m. turned to the ville crossed Flint river eight miles from Fayette- and eight miles from Fayette Station on Macon railroad. Under the cir it cumstances I deemed prudent to get out of there.. for I . forty burned. oners. meeting a small force and capturing some pris 2 a. ISFot being able to hear of them capture. reeling and hiding it. which would have been certain had given up the prospect of meeting with the re mainder of the expedition. Agreeably to instruc tions I tore up a portion of the track and telegraph wire. run off railroad in a deep cut and burned. seven miles from the railroad at Fairburn. of the 18th instant. When three miles towards Lovejoys heard another train coming and succeeded in cutting it off between Lovejoys and the destroyed track. at which point I intended striking. ". but by a mistake of our guide at 11 a. and three miles of wire. or I could have gone towards Griffin. de stroying over one solid mile at intervals of three miles along the road towards Love joys Station. compelling me to defend myself in that quarter. taking it down. In a charge some prisoners were captured. on the 19th moved on Fayetteville road. reaching that place at 7 a. left.114 ". from whom I learned that Ferguson s and Armstrong s brigades of cavalry were upon me and Reynolds infantry brigade also advancing. lard and railroad trucks. meal. I had one open road. wheat. and was disposing of my force for a united attempt to take it when a cavalry force came in on my flank. and at officers m. struck railroad four miles above Fayette at Bear Creek Station m. across the bridge I had come over in the morning. 11 p.At HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.At ties were piled up and Bear Creek captured a train of nine cars loaded with This train was whisky. The railroad iron laid on them and burned.
but a friendly rail fence supplied the place of planks. m. via the ford fire from Love joys Station to Fayetteville. Lieutenant-Colonel Klein reported himself sick. Captain. m. in New Hope Church. August 29. Major Young says ". 115 from prisoners captured on the train or through Chapman s or Ferguson s men. We scattered them by a saber charge were not much harassed by them afterward. warming up as we and neared the town. and Captain Young.Lieutenant-Colonel KLEIN..HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1864. J. I decided to fall back on the road I had come and put my decision in immediate execution. 1864. and flames. Company H. Third Indiana . Commanding.. and the command of the brigade de "..I me seventeen prisoners and forty mules. I remained the balance of the night near a. Steven s farm. m. command from August 26 September 8. XXXVIII. reaching Sandtown at 11 m. Fifth ing the First Brigade. August 31 Captain Qualman. leaving railroad at 4 :30 p. Third Cavalry Division.. I passed through Fairburn at 7 :30 p.ROBERT am.that at 1 p. and kept up a brisk with my rear guard. one hour and a half after an infantry force. I cas brought in with ualties ". This report was written at East Point. When column was soon over and the bridge in within two miles of Fayetteville the enemy came my in on my rear. When I reached the bridge across Flint river I found it torn up by the enemy. ". September 8. ". m. ". being posted in front and in the town. intending to intercept us. Morris Young. Company K. Iowa Cavalry.". 20th instant.At volved on me. 10 a. My were two men wounded and three captured. Vol. found which that officer says to : at page 869. when they opened on us in front. your obedient servant. After Colonel Klein returned from this expedition we get an account of the battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry next in the report of Maj. Ga. very respectfully. had moved farther down in antici pation of meeting us.
". when the ammunition was out river. our barricades were not as yet completed. of more than passing notice.J. A few moments past 3 p.116 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. The rear barricade was held all were in from the front. Barricaded and bivouacked for the night near gallant former camp. page 872). a demonstration was ordered by Lieutenant-Colonel Jones. the advance of the division. ". and our whole force retired across the formed. from Headquarters Left Wing Third Indiana Cavalry. m. when the rebels attacked and soon developed a force that was speedily enveloping the till command. Captains Qualman and this last In Young returned with their command. men to cut the railroad a few The balance of the brigade commenced bar ricading and prepared to hold the opposite side of Flint river. without a casualty. covers specially the operation of the bat That officer says: talion from August 26. The report Alfred Gaddis 8. left camp at Sandtown at 12 p. XXXVIII. ".August 26. Lieut. Eighth Indiana Cavalry. Third Cavalry Division/ of Maj. worthy MORRIS YOUNG. m. m. and. 1864. Marched Camp Creek and bivouacked for the night. were sent (from the crossing of Flint river due west of Jonesborough) with 100 picked miles below here.Major Commanding First Brigade. remounted and engagement the brigade lost one killed. Jones. Qualman and Young. although constantly skirmishing with the enemy. At 2 :30 p. having fully accomplished their object. Third Indiana Cavalry. At 6 p. -Col. met the enemy s August 27 took pickets one and a . six wounded and seven missing. dated September 1864. with my command to of nine commissioned officers and 204 men. The and successful undertaking is of Captains Qualman and Young. Cavalry. m. (Vol. in favor of Captains commanding the Second Brigade. with the Third and Eighth Indiana in the advance barri cade and myself with the Fifth Iowa and Tenth Ohio in the rear one.
skirmished with them all day. Company H. which was accomplished four miles south of Jonesborough. three severely wounded. September 2 moved to Fayetteville and Griffin road. since died. Went into camp at Flint river. August 30 advanced on the Jonesborough road. Sixteenth and Seventeenth Army Corps. Com pany K. barricaded to and returned New Hope Church and camped for the night. September 4 remained in barri September 6 formed September 5 moved to Fitzgeralds. Went into camp Stevens Cross Roads for the night. Re turned and went into camp. four missing. mile east of Stevens Cross Koads and formed line of relieved Were at by Colonel Murray s brigade. sabering one and capturing some mules and small arms. Company K.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. September 1 moved out and barri caded on Fayetteville road. and Lieutenant White. August 31 moved down Flint river. Encountered Drove them about forty confederate cavalry near Fairburn. crossed the bridge within one mile of Jonesborough and barricaded. and Captain Young. at Had one man wounded. cades. Church. Laid in line of battle until next at 9 m. Company H. One hundred picked men under Captain Qualman. Returned to the command morning New Hope a. rear guard of Fifteenth. encountered enemy s pickets. August 28 advanced to New One hundred men under Captain Qualman. with one man mor wounded. August 29 moved out on Jonesborough road. September 3 crossed Flint river and barricaded on extreme right of our army. driving them across Flint river. charged and drove them one battle. . September 7 picketed on left September 8 returned to flank of the Army of the Tennessee. were detached at Stevens Cross Roads and sent by way of Fairburn. half miles south of 117 Camp Creek. were sent to cut the railroad. being in right center of the division. through the town. Hope Church. Were attacked by infantry and compelled to tally fall back and recross the river.
ALFRED ". years and was not twenty years old when After he was relieved from command in the Shenandoah Valley 1 and joined the army in the West. referred that it Klein s report. Ind. until their command came up some minutes later and took charge of and sidetracked and burned it. two young boys of Company L. six severely Casualties. M at the surrender of John Morgan. carried a dispatch a long distance through the to to enemy s country General Manson. respectfully. made an effort to have the two wings of . These two youngsters had the entire train on their hands. since died. while an orderly at the headquarters of the Twenty-third Corps. Hamilton served three discharged. demanding their surrender. finding a number of men of the Western battalion with the Western army. H. your obedient servant. It is a part of the history of the capture of the train at to in Lieutenant. was a as recited good deal of a dare devil all through his service in the army.Very wounded. countermanding an order for General Manson move on Bristol. J. was first sighted by Samuel N".. who. Young Hamilton. without knowing what to do with it. Commanding. Ohio.118 near HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. For his daring conduct he received the personal thanks of General Manson. He was with Company Salineville.Colonel Bear Creek Station. by Lieutenant-Colonel Klein. Hamilton and James Jef fries. under him as a part of his command.Major GADDIS. near on his famous raid. dashed up and leveled their carbines upon the engineer and con ductor. ". Gen. without taking into consideration the serious danger and nature of their undertaking. Dr. Tenn. Wilson who had so long had the Eastern battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry .. Mount Gillead Church and went into camp. ".". which they promptly did. one mortally wounded. four missing. whose term of service had not expired. who is now a staid and leading physician at Connersville. and later in East Tennessee.
and with the belief that fame will render its reorganization an easy matter for the Governor of Indiana and the War Department. ". and authority be given to Maj. Captain Lee now com is mands the veteran squadron of the regiment and a young officer of great promise.) .Hon. If conscripts or volunteers from Indiana are to be given to cavalry regiments in the field. without the necessity of sending them home. sir.Sir I have the honor to recommend and request that steps may be taken to secure the reorganization of the Third Regiment of Indiana Cavalry. to reorganize the regiment and bring it Major Mclrvin has served three years with great distinction (having entered the service from Indiana) in the Sec York. and six companies Of the latter I am un with General Kilpatrick in Georgia. informed enough men have re-enlisted to make two good companies. Part 3. ". XXXIX. Major Patton and Captain Lee into the field. I would respectfully request that the two companies in the Shenandoah Valley and those with Kilpatrick be ordered to officially Indiana.J. is ond New a brave and zealous officer and soldier. your obedient servant. Secretary of War : ". WILSON. Major Patton served three years with the Third Indiana Cavalry. inally belonging to There are two companies of veterans orig that regiment now serving with the Third Cavalry Division under General Sheridan.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 119 the regiment consolidated. Samuel Mclrvin. M. ". War as follows: E. H. and in pursuance of that purpose wrote to the Secretary of ". Commanding. page 758. Stanton.".I am. and was mustered out as major of that regiment.Brevet Major-General (Vol. very respectfully. a sufficient num retain ber might be assigned to the Third Indiana to allow its it to regimental organization complete. in the This request is made with a view of retaining army one of the best regiments of cavalry that has taken its part in the war.
but the men of the Western battalion whose term of service had not expired when the main body was discharged were retained in the service. who had been commissioned second lieutenant of Com pany L on the 1st of September. but we were not consolidated I received with any regiment. This urgent and complimentary recommendation of General Wilson.At one time our company was ordered to take a bridge a short distance ahead of us.120 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. it. as a captain of the Third Indiana Cavalry. There are records to the the brigade to which the effect that the remnant of the Third Indiana in the West were consolidated with the Eighth Indiana Cavalry. crossed over and found the enemy in force in earth We were soon reinforced by the division. either teams or as train guards. After the fall of Atlanta our division was en gaged in fighting Hood while making his flank movement. They were never back with our command during the recruits left I was ordered with Company M. who commanded Third Indiana belonged. to drive The captain says: before the march to the sea Company L was disbanded and used with the wagon trains. the war. was assigned to duty on the staff of Col. Smith D. Atkins. and did so. of ". Ga. of the Ninety-second Illinois Mounted Infantry. to report to the Ninetyfor duty. my orders from Lieutenant-Colonel Van to Buskirk. William Moore and two or three others of my com pany were severely wounded. and was with that regiment to from Marietta Savannah. We charged and took works. 1864.Just Com pany M. and reported him as such. was never acted upon. commanding the Ninety-second Illinois Mounted Infantry. The division was in many fights and skirmishes while on that cam paign. our company being in advance.. but that record is repudiated by Captain Patton. and second Illinois from other companies. Byron Dawson. as we know. ". After that fight our division re to turned to Marietta for a short rest and prepare for the march . In that fight Frank Caux.
After that we moved along without further trouble from the enemy for several days. first to From there we went down to the coast. which They fought us on our flanks and rear. We marched quietly along for several days and then came in front of Macon. yet march official we records that the is XLIV. and were fighting and skirmishing with Wheeler every day until we reached the Ogechee river. Captain part which I have the honor to make the following report of the my regiment took during the campaign from Atlanta. 121 All the recruits of other companies. where General Kilpatrick s From division engaged the enemy and drove them into the city. The report as follows ". of the detachment under command of Captain find on page 395. three mules. the destruction of eleven cotton gins and one saw mill. and were engaged in the hottest kind of a this raid with Wheeler had consolidated. five stands of small arms. but the enemy was soon on us again. in three columns. and when the enemy came up made an onslaught could not stand.". and Hampton s cavalry. Ga. . and then Kilpatrick. were left with Company M and made quite a battalion.Near Savannah. Patton credited with the capture of nine horses. built barricades. Vol. there we went on into the interior of Georgia to tear up the Augusta & Savannah fight railway. and s made it impossible for us to stop day or night. ". except Company I took L. While Lieutenant-Colonel Van Buskirk makes no special men tion of the services of the Third Indiana Cavalry on this to the sea. 1864.Headquarters Ninety-second Illinois Mounted Infantry. Kilpatrick halted. charge of headquarters of the Third Indiana and Comrade Adams was acting adjutant. and with the loss of is twelve horses and three mules aban : doned. to the sea. December 20. gave them the prettiest cavalry fight the world has ever seen. Then we resumed our march to Savannah. and they fell back. ". and were the signal the transports which opened up communication with the government.. We mounted and moved they forward.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
all of which was successfully accomplished.On men wounded. they did not trouble us again. ". Nelson commanding.. Our casualties were two whole command withdrew. was detached and ordered to proceed to the railroad between Macon and Griswoldville. the morning of the 21st my regiment being still on picket. tifications. when we opened on field. holding the enemy in check until after object for The dark. killing and wounding several and taking a few prisoners. We instant. After dark the my men acting as rear guard. ". them a fire that sent them flying backward in great confusion.We : left Atlanta.. Skirmish the outposts ing continued until about 6 m.122 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. the division.After driving the was dismounted. charging them from be hind several strong barricades. Captain John F. Savan Ga. a. The enemy were driven which the charge was made having been accomplished. the enemy attacked the outposts at daylight. for the purpose of tearing up the track and cutting the telegraph. Captain Hawk commanding. we encountered the enemy. Captain Becker commanding. when they charged in front and on the flanks with not less than a brigade. where we remained. driving them back on the reserve. leaving their killed and wounded upon the The punish ment inflicted being so severe. on the left. my regiment acting as advance guard of We drove them before us. 1864. but have nothing of record more than the usual duties of picketing and scouting until the 20th instant. Still on they came in their furious charge until within easy range of our guns. on to cross the creek to the right and one squadron. through the center of the State. we were ordered to withdraw and recross the creek.. on the 15th of November. A .. were stationed on picket duty during the night. Ga. to a point near nah. Ga. When near Walnut creek Company H. enemy across Walnut creek my regiment One squadron. when near Macon. were ordered support the Tenth Ohio into their for Cavalry in a saber charge. ". Ga.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. safety behind trees and under houses. Skirmishing continued until about 8 p. At daybreak on the 4th instant the enemy advanced Skirmishing continued until about 8 a. We mained in 9th line of battle nearly all night. they got a battery in position Our casualties were two men killed and one man p. In our action with Wheeler on the 28th regiment formed the right center of the brigade. losing man wounded. m. us. sup The enemy charged but were beautifully re porting a battery. My regiment captured some forty pris among whom was a major and a lieutenant.Our We lost one man wounded. rupted until December on the railroad at tearing Thomas Station to protect the infantry while up the track. save the incidents usual on a march. mand of Captain Becker at the morning of the leaving one battalion under com bridge to guard the prisoners. On my regiment was detailed but one instant as rear guard. when my regiment was placed on picket usual routine of marching and picketing was uninter 2. We soon found the enemy strongly posted behind barricades in greatly superior numbers. leaving their killed and wounded oners. since captured. On the re 8th we had enemy without casualty. driving them back sufficiently to take position. m. 123 prisoner. About 11 and shelled wounded. We fought the enemy all day. many seeking . we crossed Ebenezer creek. in line. We lost in this action three ". when the division came up. driving them from their successive lines of barri cades. On the . the 8th instant nothing of a skirmish with the moment occurred. and my regiment was ordered forward their skirmishers. dismounted. reports their loss to have been sixty-five men killed and wounded.. my pulsed. We skirmished with the enemy. We T at once charged them. routing them in wildest confusion they throwing away their arms and whatever else would impede their flight. ". m. in our hands. Our loss was two captured.Until men killed and six wounded. the 27th instant From the 21st to the 26th instant nothing worthy of record occurred.
We then marched towards Fayetteville. twelve a total of twenty-nine men. .".460 bales of cotton. making ". on to their reinforcements. Third Cavalry continues as ". ".Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. submitted. until we reached Black river. com manding the cavalry division with which we had been serving. thus employed they were fired upon by the enemy s sharpshooters. This march was in the river. Lieutenant-Colonel. occasionally skirmishing with the enemy. Brigade. and we maintained moved that post two days and two nights. and the attacking force off. J. The casualties We captured 106 horses and ninety-four of my regiment were five killed. have destroyed during the campaign twenty-nine gin houses and gins. We crossed the Savannah river at Sisters Ferry.The conduct of both my officers and men on occasions is worthy of the highest ". to take my command and report to Colonel Jones of the Eighth Indiana Cavalry for duty.MATHEW VAN BUSKIRK. mules. wounding one man. ". and we were com pelled to build a barricade of rails and timber in^an open field. marched several days.I mill and one saw mill. and did duty with that regiment through the Carolinas until after our time was out. where we had a hot fight and drove the enemy towards Augusta. This order I obeyed. and one flouring ". on Cape Fear and the rebels were marching on a parallel road half a mile west of us making for the same point. Here the rebels charged us time and again..124 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.Commanding ". H. containing about 1. ". C. From the 10th to the 20th instant nothing worthy of report occurred. S. SMITH. While while they destroyed the bridge and blockaded the road.Capt Ninety-Second Illinois Mounted Infantry.Respectfully praise. Division.After ". all wounded and twelve missing.Second Captain Patton follows: the fall of Savannah I received an order from General Kilpatrick.
written on the 27th of March. to be mustered out of ". a part of the Western battalion of the Third Indiana Cav under Lieutenant-Colonel Klein. We had not gone far until enemy and drove them before us. from the headquarters of the Eighth left XL VII. 1864. Ga. 7 this battle we were encamped quite a while at Milton. Fielder According A. 1863.ew with General Wilcox to East Tennessee by way of Cumberland Gap. Part 1. his command on the morning of January 28. ^N".. commanding the department. 1862. On an order from General Kil- patrick I reported at his headquarters the next morning at day break. to the report of Lieut. Ind. and at Marysville for the first time. ".HISTORY OF THE TlIIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1865. night. which body was under the . page 870). be came alry. latter ment of Third Indiana Cavalry. command consisting of the Eighth Indiana Cavalry and a detach Indiana Cavalry (Vol. and captured a body of twenty-two of the raiders at dence. -Col. Department on the 15th of April. 125 kill and the rebels would come over on to our road and our men in the dark. and received orders from the War while there Company C. in February. we found the with the division and this was the opening of the great three days fight at Bentonville. performing various kinds of duty.We reached Fayetteville in the morning.. and Company M took part in the Morgan raid. 1865. crossed Cape Fear River and went into camp. but soon came in General Kilpatrick came up contact with the whole rebel army. M service.After N. 1862. and the officers of Company M were commissioned on the llth of December. as they knew the country better than we did. The officers of Company L were commissioned on the 23d of October. Jones. the Savannah. and was ordered to make a reconnoissance from his head quarters through the pine openings.". for which they were publicly thanked by General The two companies went Wilcox.. 1865. Both companies were detained and fought Provi in Indiana until September.
the Eighth Indiana. Finding further operations on horseback impossible. commanding brigade. near Averasborough. but the rains of the previous night had made the country one vast mire. ". driving him from several barricades on to his main force. and fought him until recalled by order of Colonel Jordan.. in great force. We causing the foe to quickly seek shelter in his works. The enemy seeing my movement and judging it to be a retreat. On the llth of February the enemy charged tion.126 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Had our infantry been pushed it is my firm belief that we would strong force. morning of March 16. As it was. We had hardly left our camp before we struck the enemy in line and in Finding myself near his flank. . Patton. of command Indiana. the cavalry alone took several prisoners and drove the rebels in wildest confusion into their works. I was ordered into position to cover the right flank of an the infantry brigade. The enemy. Company M. have captured the enemy s works. which checked the impetus of our charge and gave the enemy time to reform behind their works. Had there been solid ground I should have taken their works with cavalry. 1865. Third First met Johnsons Station. and to move with it against the enemy. 1865. flank. C. artillery and many prisoners without firing a shot.. charged me immediately came to about face. in position at Johnsons Sta and were repulsed with the loss of the adjutant and three men of the Twelfth Alabama Cavalry killed and several others wounded. gave two or three volleys from our Spencers and made a center charge.On In his report Lieutenant-Colonel Jones says: N". at Capt. the safety of his left flank. seriously alarmed for commenced rapidly re-enforcing that and I soon found I was fighting several times my number and ordered my lines to reconnect with the infantry. I charged him vig orously and routed an entire brigade of South Carolina infantry. Charles the U. I dismounted my com mand and led horses to the rear. enemy on the 10th of February.
Captains Crowell. Leavell and of the commanding battalions Eighth Indiana. and was determined to hold it at every The enemy charged us repeatedly in great force. A.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. seven officers and lost fifty-five men wounded. ". ". army and on the evening of the 20th of March Captain Crowell passed around the right flank of the enemy and got. it and our lines very attenuated. ". My loss was heavy. JONES. My command s operated with the brigade on the right flank of Johnston at Bentonville. soldiers ton. are commended for promotion. Mitchell. .Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding. and twenty Very respectfully. too. They are fine and in connection with Major Herring and Captain Patcommanding Third Indiana. we twenty-five horses killed and twenty-six wounded in action on March 16. ". in rear of his artillery. and I am satisfied that we attracted the attention of the seriously threatened his left that enemy and so he did not observe the movements it of the force which was turning his right until was too late to field oppose it.My thanks are due to Major Herring for efficient aid rendered both in action and on the march. have proved themselves competent for that command. I can safely say that no better fighting has been that done in this war than was done day by this command.Although 127 fighting many felt times our number. we always met his charges with a volley and a counter-charge. but examination of the shows that the enemy suffered far heavier than we did. enlisted men missing. yet man of my command seemed that every officer and that our position was vital to the safety of the infantry on our hazard. in but his force was so small he could fact. not take advantage of his discovery. lost a We one officer and twelve men killed. and whatever were the odds against us we always drove them back into their works. left. and infantry.F. ".
When in good order from this last great battle and it was ready renew the conflict on its own soil in Virginia re gardless of what might be claimed by those immediately concerned to those looking on from afar the outcome certainly appeared uncertain. When the by different peninsular campaign began in the spring of 1862 on James river and the Chickahominy it developed into our bloody defeat at Second Bull Run. two hundred and fifty miles north of where the enemy retired to had begun and on Northern soil. near the southern border of Pennsylvania. under Burnsides. In the East and in the West great armies had contended for the mastery on many bloody battlefields. Pa.. under Meade. Va.CHAPTEK V. We generally claimed victories whether we had won them or not. led Our armies in the East and in the West had been commanders with varying results.. of 1863-4 The winter but in the minds of thoughtful persons there was little in the out come of these conflicts which foretold final results. Less than six months after Shiloh had been fought in the far South. and ended for the year at Antietam in northern Maryland. Grim deter mination characterized the people on both sides of the struggle and their armies in the field. The cam paign of 1863 began at Fredricksburg. was continued at Chancellorsville under Hooker. The South entertained no thought of surrender and the North no thought of giving up the contest until every seceding state was restored to the Union and rebellion crushed out. and practically closed at Gettysburg. Bragg with a great confederate the gates of Louisville on the army was thundering at Ohio river. was a period of thrilling interest in the history of the American Union. and Cincinnati was 128 .
Vicksburg and Missionary Ridge to his credit. had been uniformly successful in his campaigns.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and their places supplied by new organizations recruited for a hundred days in the various states of the North. From December until May the time was occupied in strengthening and equipping the armies that were to be thrown against the enemy. and the leadership of the enemy seems to have flashed the fact upon the executive mind at ington that the time had come for us to imitate the Wash enemy some what in the matter of leadership. the campaign of the Wilderness. And on the 1st of May. General Grant s selection as leader of our armies was but the natural thing to do. With all this point reached. recruited up to their maximum Old and depleted regiments were number of men. When the 1st of May rolled round and the roads had become passable our armies in the East and in the West were ready and equipped for war as they had never been ready and equipped before.. revived. and he had Fort Donelson. which began with the . of all our commanders. 1864. Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge. of 1864 for the great campaign at was entered upon. and vast thousands of men who had been absent from their commands on various kinds of detailed duty were relieved from such duty and ordered to rejoin the organizations to that Regiments had been occupying fortifications for almost three years with out ever seeing an enemy were ordered to the field. as of the his first subordinate. 129 Stone River. and the siege of Knoxville. Shiloh. settled merely the fact that the soldiers of both sides could be all the fighting that depended upon to do was necessary. confidence was Potomac was taken in charge by the commander-in-chief with General Meade. viz. threatened by Kirby Smith. The armies of the Cumberland and Tennessee were consolidated under General Sherman. began the two campaigns which the commander-in-chief had planned. which they belonged. who had fought the battle of Gettysburg. He. The Army and The country approved the once the work of organizing choice.
cavalry and sixteen of the eighteen captured. crossing of the Rapidan. but found no enemy except a few attack towards which point he pro scattering men. page 170. crossed the Rapidan at Clarks Ford and pushed rapidly towards Madison Court House.) On the 30th of January. commanding the Third . Judson Kilpatrick. then commanding the brigade. and one hundred of the Eighth New York under Captain Moore. in Feb ruary. but they retreated before Colonel Chapman could Madison Court House. and did not rejoin the army until the 15th of March. 1864.. Rock Face Ridge. 1864. While the Eastern battalion lay in camp at Culpepper during the winter of 1864 it did more than picket duty. and that of Atlanta. At Mount Zion Church his command came upon the enemy in con siderable force. where five of the enemy s pickets and killed. with one hundred men of the Third Indiana under Major Patton. ceeded. crossing Robertsons river after a by way of Bethel Church and Whites Shop miles. Peachtree Creek. The battalion remained in the vicinity of Culpepper Court House during the winter of 1863. XXXVIII. He sent to a detachment of his command to Humes Ford. Atlanta and Jonesborough.130 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. In this Wilderness campaign the Eastern battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry bore a part. which began at Kenesaw Mountains. New Hope Church. Gen. a squad of eighteen the men were sent out towards Rapidan on a scout. engaged in performing picket and outpost duty and taking part in several reconnoissances. and were attacked by a squadron of rebel (Vol. 1864. page 432. XXXIII. Colonel Chapman. and one Madison Court House he went to man and to Mount Carmel Church and returned camp. 1864. On the 27th of February. s it was detailed to go with General Kilpatrick raid on Richmond.) While the army lay in camp around Culpepper. march of fifty (Vol. Dallas. On the 26th of January. five horses one horse From were captured. Va. and in which Sherman fought the battles of Rough and Ready.
A. XXXIII. XXXIII. General Kilpatrick says: . and has been the utmost expedition. good management and ". the force to consist six guns. General Kil- patrick requested that the Third Indiana Cavalry accompany him. We give General Kilpatrick s report of that remarkable expedition. and under Major Patton it was ordered to do so. dated February 27. Among the forces outside of his own command. the project for a raid on Richmond. (Page 173. read: will this force you move with the utmost expedition pos s sible on the shortest route past the enemy right flank to Rich mond. He mapped of the it march in detail (Vol.Z. and a bat tery of light artillery. and by this rapid march endeavor to effect an entrance into the city and liberate our prisoners now held there and in that immediate ". Vol.".I vicinity. so far adopted by him that he considers success possible with secrecy. and gave his reasons there Notwithstanding General Pleas- anton s disapproval. 131 Division of the Cavalry Corps. page 171). 1864. the out his line of to a re of 4.". The order closed with this language: am directed by the major-general commanding to say that no detailed instructions are given you since the plan of operations has been proposed by yourself. HUMPHREYS.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. with the sanction of the President and the Secretary of War. submitted to General Pleasanton. On this raid the battalion performed most arduous and dangerous service.000 and men.With This order.Major-General.) ". At page 183. commander and of the corps. with five days rations. XXXIII. page 172). for (Vol. ". Chief of Staff. General Pleasanton gave the plan as his opinion that was not feasible at that time. the commanding general General Pleasanton to re-enforce so that he army directed General Kilpatrick s command officers of the would have available 4.000 cavalry capital of the Confederacy. Replying quest from the headquarters of the Army Potomac for his views of the scheme.
Fifth New York Cavalry. surprised and captured the enemy s pickets. and after destroying the road to a considerable extent moved rapidly forward in the direction of Richmond. men under officers Colonel Dahlgren. Colonel Dahlgren was then ordered to move rapidly forward by way the of Spotsylvania Court House to Fredrick Hall. A small force to de under Captain Boice. ". and if possible be in position to seize the main bridge that led to the at 10 o clock city of Richmond Tuesday. and thence to a point above Goochland on James river. m. My guide (I think it through ignorance) instead of directing the column to the bridge mentioned led in the direction of Ashland. under Majors Hall and Taylor.. U. ". accordance with the above instructions I left my camp at Stevensburg at 7 o clock Sunday evening. was sent stroy the Fredricksburg railroad below Guineys Station. a force of 2.. I directed Major Hall s with 450 men of the First Division to drive in the enemy pickets . passed night. on the Vir ginia Central railroad.132 ".My advance. in all 3. the tele graph having been destroyed on both roads by scouts during the I pressed rapidly forward with the main column. crossed. reached Elys Ford at 11 m. Spotsylvania Court House at daylight. over the South Anna. February 28. Tuesday. cross the river. move down the opposite bank.375 Horse Artillery (six pieces). and went into camp early in the evening nine miles from Ground Squirrel Bridge. where we came upon was stationed the infantry pickets of the enemy. s men and Captain Ransom battery.582 strong.000 infantry From prisoners I learned that and six pieces of artillery near the railroad bridge above Ashland. consisting of two and fourteen men.In HISTORY OF THE TRIED INDIANA CAVALRY. March 1. move down the Ridge road and Richmond west of the Brook pike. S. and detachments from the First and Second Cavalry Divisions. intending to cross the South Anna attack Ground Squirrel Bridge. with 2. reached and destroyed Beaver Dam Station at 1 p. consisting of 460 p. m.I moved at at 1 a.
able force in the immediate vicinity in the direction of the firing. and that only a small force citizens occupied the works in front of the Brook pike. I moved forward. The enemy s engaged with Major Hall could be distinctly heard in Rightly supposing the enemy would send all his avail my rear.I Anna and crossed at a point three miles above Ashland at daylight The attack of Tuesday morning. passed on and reached the Brook pike at a point artillery five miles from Richmond at 10 a. I ordered up my entire force. The enemy now sent forward troops to oppose my further progress. struck across the country to the South ". crossed the brook. destroyed a culvert. believing if they were citizen soldiers I city. and after thoroughly examining the enemy s position determined to attack. m. tore up a considerable portion of the track. crossed the rail movements of the main column. and make the a determined attack in order to cover the 133 movements of main column. Here a considerable force of infantry with artillery effectu It ally checked my advance. a small earthwork on the left of and a in the road. if possible. enemy. Hall deceived the Major totally enemy as to the on. in order to protect the bridge at that point. which passed road seven miles below Ashland. was now 1 p. m. now occupying a position just outside the . but they were easily driven back until a point was reached about one mile from the city. The Fifth New York as skirmishers. barricade that the enemy were then placing The enemy was use of finally forced back until a position was gained for the artillery. Cavalry was dismounted and sent forward and 500 men under Major Patton in a body dis closely in the rear of the skirmishers to attack mounted followed and carry.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and learning from and negroes who came from Richmond that morning that no attack was expected upon the city. could enter the Brigadier-General Davies had the advance. my which was brought up and opened on the city. surprised and captured the picket and a small force of infantry in the rifle pits beyond.
I at once determined to make another attempt to enter the city.I HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. strengthened and extended my line of skirmishers to the right as far as the plank road. Feeling confident that Dahlgren had failed to enter the city at that and that an attempt point would but end in bloody failure.These two determined daring officers had but just commenced to move when Colonel Sawyer. and at dark. we killed lost upward men in and wounded and we took upwards of 200 prisoners. while with the artillery and the re to lead maining portion of my command I would hold the bridge over the Chickahominy and cover their retreat with the prisoners if suc cessful. had driven the enemy near to the city. and. having failed to cross the James canal. reported that his pickets had been driven in on the road from the . and was I discovered that about to order an advance of the whole the line. went into camp near Mechanicsville. railroad.In the various attacks upon the city. ". moved rapidly down the and viaducts. m. By scouts and spies I ascertained that the entire available force of the had been concentrated during the day Brook and upon pike plank road where the various attacks had been made. when enemy was rapidly receiving re-enforcements. which commenced of sixty at 12 m. crossed the Meadow Bridge over the Chicka- hominy. and continued until dark. I reluctantly withdrew my command at dark. and engaged the enemy at 4 o clock on the plank road a few miles from Richmond. destroying locks river.134 ". to cross the river. brought up re-enforcements. commanding the Second Brigade. after destroying bridges on the Virginia Central Colonel Dahlgren. and that no force was on the road from Mechanics enemy in and about the city the ville to the city. when I withdrew my command. It was now 10 p. ". not only of in fantry but artillery. Lieutenant-Colonel Pres ton of the First Vermont and Major Taylor of the First Maine were ordered two separate detachments of 500 men in on the road from Mechanicsville.
I abandoned all fur ther ideas of releasing our prisoners. enemy was advancing in force and rapidly I sent him orders to throw out a strong line enemy and drive of skirmishers. direction of 135 Hanover Court House. A few moments later he sent me word that the driving his people. The enemy charged my rear guard at this point. ". as I intended to him make this last effort to release our prisoners. which now became The enemy charged and drove back the Seventh Michi gan. many pris This is the last I saw of the enemy. and considerable confusion ensued.Not intersection of the roads from Mechanicsville to to Old Church and into from Hanover Court House camp. but were easily repulsed. Bottom Bridge. with a loss of two officers and upwards of fifty men and 100 horses. and a moment later the enemy opened with a battery of artillery. but the report of General Davies. hoping that Dahlgren might come in.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. makes known was Major Patton with the Third Indiana Cavalry and . it who had charge that it of this movement (page 192). and at 1 a. I was forced to recall my troops to resist this attack. The night was intensely The command moved out on the road dark. Wednesday. the command moved to Old Church. knowing the strength of the enemy. His report does who these men were. toward Old Church and was placed in position. Here we went At daylight the enemy attacked my pickets. moved to the ". but were gallantly charged in return by the First Maine and driven back a considerable distance with the loss of oners. and if possible charge the back. twelve miles from Hanover Court House. cold and stormy. m. In this report General Kilpatrick speaks of Major Patton fol lowing the skirmishers with 500 dismounted men and driving the enemy back not disclose to a position just outside the city. Heavy musketry and carbine firing could now be heard. repulsed the enemy and forced him back on the road towards Hanover Court House. serious. and after con siderable hard fighting. and here took up a good posi tion and remained until 1 p. m. m. At 8 a.
With the detachment of 450 s men under Major was a Hall. ". We soon encountered the first and killed one of them in the encounter. George Rogers of Company D of that regiment. referred to in General Kilpatrick report. where there was a large force of cavalry. by this raid was nine officers. This detail was divided. whence they marched to their camps at Stevensburg and Culpepper. with their artillery posted to command the road upon which we were approaching. We pushed on to them and drove them from their ambush and continued to follow them until we came in sight of a rebel camp in the valley between us and the bridge. and it was midnight when we started. From this point the loss s command went into General Butler lines at New Kent Court House on Wednesday evening. and behind it were dismounted rebel cavalry.I He says: was with that part of the Third Indiana which formed the advance guard of Major Hall s command.136 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. we moved forward. other troops that had been furnished him. Palmer Company D. The and 583 horses. driving them before us until we ran into an am buscade across the road. the object of the expedition being to burn the bridge across the South rebel pickets Anna river. five of the men being with the advance and five with the rear of Major Hall of s forces. 331 men with arms and equipments. The men and their horses were embarked on transports at Yorktown. shipped to Alexandria. infantry and artillery. One of these men. which of course was not under the immediate eye of General and has Kilpatrick. a vivid John W. this last desperate effort to enter the city of who was there leading liberate Richmond and our prisoners. . reaching there on the 14th of March. detail of ten men from the Third Indiana Cavalry under Lieut. They fired on us and killed one of the Third Indiana. remembrance of that night s work under Major Hall. is still living. made of brush and rails.
General Sheridan was placed in of the Cavalry Corps of the command Army of the Potomac and Third Division under the command of Brig. James H. -Gen. and were coming after me farther along on this parallel road. and his dashing career there is noted in other chapters of this history. but took part in it. On its the 30th of April. although this movement was delayed somewhat by the turning around of our ambulances in the narrow road. and the regiment was commanded by Maj. The advance became the rear guard of this retrograde movement. but luckily I was not hit and reached the main after s column unhurt my desperate ride.". ". and 200 rebel cavalry were soon pushing on we had come. George H. William Patton. to our rear. where we could cross and rejoin General Kilpatrick s command. and perhaps never should have been showed the desperate bravery of the men who and no doubt changed the military career of the it it. A force of rebel cavalry charged down this cross road. which was now a retreat on the road ". man who conceived General Kilpatrick was sent to the West ern army and given the command of a division of cavalry. their fire They seemed to turn on me. of the Third Indiana Cavalry. The Second Brigade of this division was commanded by Col. Chapman. The . Major Hall rejoined General Kilpatrick command about success. 1864. capturing Lieutenant Rogers and the two men with him.Lieutenant Rogers with two men of the Third Indiana were running parallel with the road upon which Major Hall with the main force was moving and another road that at the crossing of a road crossed both of these parallel roads.They 137 at once opened on us with this artillery and the column about-faced as rapidly as possible. in order to gain a ford on the South Anna. I made all this ride in full view of the rebels who were after me. Wilson. My only chance of escape was to leave the road and cut across a strip of open ground and woods in an en deavor to reach Major Hall s command. The raid was not a undertaken.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. daylight.
I sent a battalion of the First the Catharpin road with instruc and patrol the road well toward Mine Run. which point was reached about 11 a. 1864: compliance with orders. XXXVI the official of the Official Record. William H. where we bivou all During approaches. proceeded After a up the plank to Old Wilderness Tavern and from thence to Parkers Store by a country road. ". on the Catharpin road. beginning at page report of this Wilderness campaign. march nothing was seen of the enemy save a small mounted force. which retreated rapidly before our advance. George H. in to July 1. two or three miles from the short halt. on the 12th of July. I soon dismounted the greater part of my brigade and .138 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1864. this brigade in advance. dawn my brigade moved river.Marched acked and threw out strong pickets on early on the morning of the 5th with m. and. Chapman. the ". crossed to the plank road Germania Ford on the Rapidan river. meeting with no resistance.At from midnight on the night of May 3 May 3. Eighth New York under Benjamin and First Vermont under Long. division. Third Division of Cavalry. Lieutenant-Colonel Preston. fur we have nished by Col. written at the headquarters of the Second Brigade. Lieut-Col. and massed on the plank road. William W.Captain This officer says: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this brigade ". the brigade broke and moved there I to camp at Stevensburg. rapidly across the river. Arriving made disposition of my command and at early to force a crossing should the enemy offer opposition. In Volume 896. I im tions to picket Vermont Cavalry forward on mediately re-enforced this battalion. to Craigs Church. other regiments of the brigade were the Eighth Illinois Cavalry under Lieut. but when they proceeded less than a mile their advance was attacked by the enemy and driven rapidly back on the main body. the country being dis densely timbered on both sides of the road and the enemy mounted.
the day Later in my brigade was relieved by General Davies brigade. These instructions were carried battle.We were driven back behind a line of battle formed by a part of the First Brigade. Eeconnoitered to Alsop s. which was much inferior to the enemy. but to hold the road at the point I had reached with a strong picket force and get the rest of my command together and mounted. At m. the morning of the having supplied the command with s. before which the Third fall back. I remained myself with this regiment. rations. number to the of led horses hastily back on the road The confusion occasioned by was communicated men and caused the men to break badly. 7th. and subsequently retired to Todds Tavern. on Spotsyl- .On Piney Branch Church. he con testing very hard every inch of the ground. This report was soon verified. I was ordered not to proceed farther. and continued getting a large to fall back. and relieved General Merritt brigade.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. I moved my command 3 a. doing picket duty at that point. to Chancellorsville ". along the ravine. I should judge it was from the line of skirmishers thrown forward in the Subsequently pines that the enemy had strongly re-enforced his line and was making the preparations to advance. ". in a field a half mile to the rear of the advanced position. to a point on the Brock road one and one- half miles north of Todds Tavern and sent out pickets on various roads. ". being then several miles in advance of the First Brigade. out. where Subsequently marched with division to and bivouacked. 139 drove the enemy steadily back a distance of two miles. in pursuance of orders I moved to Alrich s on Fred- ricksburg plank road. still Indiana Cavalry was compelled to to I again was obliged put in my entire force. of First Cavalry Division.Reaching a ravine. enemy coming on in strong force. took the road the division took position. of Second Cavalry Division. the Third Indiana Cavalry being held in line of dismounted. reported to me an hour. of which the enemy was not slow to take advantage.
vania Court House road. I found General Custer near the Brook pike not actively engaged at the time I joined him. as far as Fredricksburg and Richmond Telegraph road.Nothing s march. Moved with the morning of the 8th of May to Spotsylvania Court House. Moore com manding. C. I received orders to go forward and assist General Custer in driving back the enemy from our front. Retired. thence via Stanard s Mill. but at 8 a. Dismounting the Third In- . where the brigade bivou of importance occurred during the day acked on the north bank of the river. ". on the morning of the llth. the enemy shelled our camps. the First Brigade heing in advance. of the 9th at 5 o clock with division in light and joining the other divisions of the Cavalry Corps at the plank road proceeded by the road to Hamiltons Crossing. Having crossed the Fred- ricksburg & Richmond railroad. near Beaver Dam Station. Crossed at Ground Squirrel Bridge and encamped near the river.140 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. bringing up rear of division (the enemy not following) to Alsop Marched the morning order. Again. the brigade crossed the river without molestation or damage. ". Maj. m.Being relieved by a regiment of the Second Division the bat talion soon after rejoined the brigade. without developing anything. to the crossing of the North river. talion of the and in getting into column of route one bat Eighth New York Cavalry. became engaged with the enemy and lost several men. Anna Thornburg and Chilesburg. the South Anna river March today was without event. ". and re turned to Alrich division on the s and encamped for the night.At the Court House formed line of battle in support of the First Brigade. but successfully checked a charge made on the rear of the Second Division. s.Early our camps. save the exchange of a few shots between the flankers and small parties of the enemy and the capture of a rebel captain. on the morning of the 10th the enemy began shelling ". which was warmly engaged with the enemy.
the command loss of halted and at dark massed near the Brook turnpike.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. ". The charge was made by the First Vermont and a regiment of General Ouster s brigade. Not being ordered to follow the enemy up. pieces of artillery and a number of prisoners were captured by General Ouster and the enemy were driven back a considerable distance in much confusion. and the horses to be placed under cover. In this charge two myself accompanying the First Vermont.At 10 p. causing temporary confusion. it Continued to hold the position until daylight. holding the First Vermont in mounted. As our men advanced the enemy opened with very accurate artillery fire. I formed them in s line of battle on the left of the dismounted men of Ouster brigade. diana and Eighth 141 New York reserve. A mile before reaching the pike a small mounted picket had discov ered our approach and retreated rapidly towards the ". when we were sud denly opened upon by artillery and musketry. fight I caused the command to be rapidly dismounted. when was discovered that the enemy had a strong line of earthworks a short distance in our . Dispositions being complete the order to the move forward was and the line advancing into thick pine wood soon became warmly engaged. General Ouster proposed if I would place a regiment (the First Vermont) at his disposal he would charge the battery. the pike the brigade was massed in a field bordering on the road to await information in regard to roads. under orders m. given. Taking farm road running along through the outer fortifications of Richmond. has already been reported. we reached the Mechanicsville pike shortly before day break at a point about three and one-half miles from the city. which was considerable. again resumed the march. my brigade in advance. to on foot. to move to Fair Oaks Station. to which I acceded. Crossing to the road Meadow Bridge a we succeeded in finding a man a resident willing to guide the column to the Mechanicsville pike. Having surveyed the ground.At city. The my brigade in this engagement.
On to Mount Olive Church and bivouacked. and. Nothing of importance occurred during crossed the Pamunkey following day (the 23d) the brigade the corps. m. .The My by I detailed a squadron of the Third Indiana Cavalry. with the First Brigade on my line of the Virginia the right. to destroy the bridge by throwing covering. on the evening of the 17th of May. when the command moved White House. Marched on the 20th with s. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. river on the railroad bridge. marched to MechanBridge. division via Tunstalls Station to near Tyler on the Cold Har bor road. on river the 15th to near Haxalls Landing on the into James and went camp . m.142 front. In pursuance of orders. my at brigade crossed the Chickahominy Meadow a couple of hours. After a short halt marched ". Here a brief halt was ordered. ". sumed the march.On marched Bottom Bridge. it was which we again re proceed to Gain s House. to Aylett s Marched by way of King William Court House and halted for the night. Were on the road all night. and I withdrew brigade to a better position along the Central railroad. Made details for picket duty. to the 19th moved near Baltimore Store and went into camp. and on the 14th Malvern Hill. nothing of importance occurring on either day. entire command was over ". after a halt of icsville. which work was effectually accomplished. when the brigade marched with division. and at 8 a. m. and encamped. crossed the Chickahominy at Jones Bridge. receiving orders to near midnight when Being misled by a guide. these days. ". Captain off the Moffitt commanding. Remained in camp at Haxalls until 9 p.At 2 p. but were driven back with ease. received supplies. bringing up the rear of 1 p. m. About 11 o clock a force of the enemy s infantry came out of their works and attacked my brigade. after my com to mand reached the last the 13th named to place and bivouacked. Remained at this point until the to the morn ing of the 22d.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
the 24th the
Richmond and Bowling Green
Reedy Swamp on The next day marched
Colemans Mill on Polecat creek and encamped.
Receiving orders on the morning of the 26th, and, after receiving
a supply of forage, the
crossing the North
Anna and demonstrating on
the right of our
to cover its at
m. recrossed the North Anna river
Bridge and halted for the remainder of the night. While the demonstration was being made on Little river, which was mainly
performed by the First Brigade of the division, I directed
Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin to take his regiment, the Eighth
Cavalry, and destroy as
of the track of the Vir
ginia Central as he could before the
the North Anna.
should retire across
accomplished considerable, doing the work
This was at Hewletts Station.
the 27th of
the division to
marching slowly, making halts
at different points,
relieving the infantry at various crossings on the
North Anna and
covering the rear of the
(marching with the division) continued to cover the rear of the army on the 28th and 29th instant (May), bivouacking on the first
night at Mangohick Church and the second night about two and
one-half miles from Hanovertown.
event of importance oc
In pursuance of orders, on the after
noon of the 30th I moved
north side of the
Crumps Swamp, on
and sent the Third Indiana
Cavalry forward a couple of miles on the road to Hanover Court House. They came upon a force of the enemy s cavalry and skir
mished with them until dark.
with heavy picket detail on the
Encamped on Crumps Swamp, Hanover Court House road.
the 31st sent forward patrols on the road to
House, which were met by the enemy in
coming up relieved
with the exception of a part of
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
the Third Indiana, which remained on the left of the line until
oners taken I learned that
enemy were driven back to Hanover Court House. From pris we were engaged with Young s brigade
Bivouacked near Winston
of rebel cavalry. over Court
House and Richmond
road, with a strong picket force
in the direction of Richmond.
daylight on the morning of the 1st of June I
mand, with the exception of the Eighth New York Cavalry, which was left to picket and hold the Richmond and Hanover Court
bank of Mechumps creek opposite Han over Court House, and went into position to cover the movement of
road, to the south
the First Brigade. the creek, I
Subsequently, having received orders to cross
command and with one
the First Vermont, re-enforced the Second
which was skirmishing with a force of the enemy s cavalry (Mary land Battalion) on the Virginia Central railroad. The enemy
moving off on the road running parallel with the South Anna river. In the meantime the Third Indiana
steadily driven back,
Cavalry and French
battery were ordered forward,
column on the road, and the Second New York Cavalry were re lieved, the First Vermont remaining in advance and skirmishing
with the enemy until he
our front at the Fredricksburg rail
enemy had been driven beyond Wickham
I sent a squadron under Captain Cushman, of the First Vermont,
to destroy the railroad bridge
on the Central road over the South
reaching the Fredricksburg railroad the same
to destroy the bridge
on that road over the same
Both of these bridges were effectually destroyed by fire, including the trestle work as well as superstructure, as also the
water tanks; the road was further damaged by the destruction of
small bridges and cattle guards at different points.
detail sent to
upon the Fredricksburg railroad and before the destroy the bridge had returned, I received an order
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
from the general commanding the
by one of his staff command hastily to Hanover Court
I should have mentioned that upon reaching the Fred-
ricksburg railroad, at the point where the Telegraph road crosses
the railroad, which
about a mile from the South
I had sent a battalion of the First Vermont, under Major Wells,
the Telegraph road towards Ashland
come engaged with a force of the enemy which had attacked the
rear of the First Brigade at that point.
receiving the order
above mentioned to retire to Hanover Court House, and being en
joined to use
haste, I ordered this battalion to retire.
of the division having arrived
the ground, a courier sent by myself to
upon Colonel Mclntosh, com
manding the First Brigade, having returned with information that he was hard pressed and needed relief, I was ordered to send
the Third Indiana Cavalry with the battery to
House, and with the First Vermont
push down the Telegraph
road as far as Ashland to the assistance of the First Brigade.
Ashland we came upon the enemy; the road being lined on either side by a dense forest, the command was dismounted and formed
in line of battle, the center on the road.
form a con
nection on our right with the First Brigade proved fruitless.
was advanced cautiously and with some
but had pro
ceeded only a short distance
force in front and flank.
attacked us in large
line soon gave back, retreating
considerable loss and closely pressed.
Colonel Mclntosh had suc
ceeded in retiring his force from Ashland, and, coming up soon
regiment received the full attention of the enemy.
regiment of his brigade was drawn up on the Telegraph road and
checked the advance of the enemy.
by way of Hanover Court House, to near House and bivouacked with the remainder of the
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
service of the First
arduous and severe and
of the highest praise.
Vermont Cavalry this day was The command is worthy heavy.
until an hour after dark,
the 2d of
the brigade marched in the rear of the First Brigade, taking
the road to Hanoverton.
night, halting at
south of Totopotomoy creek, at daylight.
Linney s, m. on the 3d
the brigade recrossed the Totopotomoy (advance of division), with
and took the road
Church, near which we came upon the enemy (cavalry dismounted
woods and occupying some breastworks vacated by our troops). Feeling the enemy with the Eighth New York and find
ing them too strong in numbers and position for that command, I
directed the Third Indiana and First
line of battle with the
the right and the First
dispositions were being
made, and previous
to the arrival of the
the line, the
were repulsed with
enemy made a spirited attack, but leaving a number of their killed upon the
was formed I ordered an advance,
and, moving forward under a heavy
drove the rebels
back to another line of breast
While re-forming my line and awaiting the arrival of a regiment from the First Brigade, the enemy retired from my front. The force here engaged was that formerly commanded by
the rebel General Gordon, and
tory was not bought without cost.
Lieutenant-Colonel Preston of
the First Vermont, a zealous and faithful
commander, and Capt. same regiment, a most valuable and gallant officer, mortally wounded and expired on the field of battle;
Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin, commanding the Eighth
was severely though not dangerously wounded.
Cavalry joined the brigade. The crossing and recrossing were covered by a section of after dark I Ransom s battery. in pursuance of orders directing a general of the army. Shortly moved my command to the Hanoverton road and encamped. On the 5th the Twenty-second New York joined On the 6th moved to Bottom Bridge and relieved the the Second Cavalry Division doing picket duty from left of infantry to Jones Bridge on the Chickahominy. it was deemed prudent to retire across the creek and join the main body of the division. s The command dashed across in good style. in pursuance of orders from General Wilson. in conjunction with the Second across the New York. Held the approaches to Hanoverton from the south and west. when. ance of this duty until the curring on the line except a The brigade continued the perform 12th of June without anything oc little firing between the pickets. their way much difficulty and considerable delay through the .On the 9th the First my New Hampshire fire upon pickets. At dark on June movement 12th. ". which was effected without loss. brigade.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. driving the enemy skirmishers hastily back to their lines and capturing several. I sent a regiment. and.June 4 and 5 passed without movement or event of impor tance.Late 147 in the afternoon. ". the left of the infantry resting at railroad bridge. on the Chickahominy. Major Patton commanding. Finding the bridge destroyed and the stream not fordable. s Totopotomoy to demonstrate upon the left of the enemy main line. I moved my command to Long Bridge. and having succeeded in doing this the enemy ceased to ". I dismounted the Twenty-second New York and Third Indiana. I caused all the crossings to be made defensible by constructing breastworks under cover of the night. owing to the movements of the enemy. with The first named command was mainly making crossed on a log a short distance above the bridge. Position was held on the south side of the creek until sundown. the Third Indiana Cavalry.
dismounted and armed mainly with rifled muskets. then serving with this brigade. leaving many of their dead . who fell back across the swamp. joining the brigade on the south bank of the river or swamp. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. succeeded in crossing the second branch of the stream as they had crossed the first. I directed to Third Indiana and Eighth New York prepare to fight on foot. swamp.148 . the Third Indiana were hastily crossed over under fire from a small force of the enemy who occupied a rifle-pit on the south bank of the second branch of the stream. finding enemy disposed to contest the position with obstinacy. to by which I was relieved. line of battle advanced into the woods at a A brigade of rebel cavalry. with a battery in position. on logs. point we found the enemy prepared s to make resistance to our further advance. After some skirmishing. held the position. the advance skirmishing with a small body of At this the enemy s cavalry. The command then moved forward White Oak Swamp. I was directed move main road to Richmond. As near as I my command on the can now recollect this was my about noon of the 13th (June).Holding this position on White Oak Swamp until the arrival of a part of General division of the Fifth Corps. from which they opened fire. page Crawford s 643). XL. considerable time was consumed it in laying the pontoon bridges and was midnight when my com to mand was entirely over. Lieutenant Fitzhue battery. and a lively artillery duel ensued in which one section of our battery suffered considerable in men and horses (Vol. ". was ordered into position. In the meantime a pontoon boat having been launched into the first branch of the stream. Proceeding about a mile advance came upon the enemy in front of Riddell s strongly posted in a belt of timber Shop. These were soon driven back and the Third Indiana crossed the second branch on limbs and logs of trees and formed in line of battle. Owing to the difficulties to be overcome. and forming them in double quick. with skirmishers well to the front. but they soon gave way before the impetuosity of my men.
Third Indiana and Eighth of the line resting on the Quaker road. Being ordered to hold this position until otherwise ordered.Patrols sent out on the roads to fallen back the enemy had from my front developed the fact that my front some distance. and during this time a slight breastwork was thrown up on some parts of the line. the it was developed. The left. the line of battle enemy were discovered advancing in strong and heavy column down the Bottoms Bridge road. throwing the right of my line in considerable s confusion. occasioned by getting the horses through a line of battle formed in our rear by General Crawford scare s division. Three right extending well across the road hours passed without any appearance of the enemy. At about 6 p. m. and Fitzhue walk. two or three regi ments of infantry came up and were disposed without any direc tion from me. Having reported enforcements in order to hold the enemy in check. and wounded on the field. battery was moved off at a Some difficulty. ". the left Vermont. At near dark the enemy advanced from the cover of the timber in strong line of infantry. 149 By to this advance I was enabled to cover the road to Malvern Hill (Quaker road). the from Bottoms Bridge. and a regiment of our infantry which had been posted on the right of my line gave way rapidly with scarcely a show of resistance. so far as it prudent to retire to the position held by my second line. and was directed by the general commanding not advance farther. being infantry. Until after dark nothing of importance transpired save a good deal of desultory skirmishing along the lines.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. created a show of confusion and a reality did not pre- upon the part of the cavalry which in . I formed the line of battle with the First New York. I deemed entire force. which that I needed re- was done in good order. retired in good order. Twenty-second New York and Fitzhue s bat tery were formed as a supporting line in the fields in rear. My ammunition being nearly ex hausted and the enemy showing vastly superior numbers. however. Soon the entire line became engaged. The First New Hampshire.
A reconnoitering party sent out three miles toward Malvern Hill returned without meeting the enemy. I made a reconnoissance to Hill. and marching across the Suffolk railroad and the Jerusalem plank road. ". and was massed in a nearby until about 10 when the brigade moved a in the rear of infantry in the direction of Charles City Court House. proceeding to a mile beyond Prince George Court House on the road to Petersburg.On the 18th moved to near Mount Zion Church on the Black- water. Mary s Church. HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. m. with the First Vermont and Eighth and Twenty-second New York and. At this point I detached a effect squadron of the Eighth to the New York Cavalry to such damage road as would be possible during the passage of to my brigade. While here the enemy attacked the pickets on the road to Saint off The brigade moved soon by the Eighth New York. moved via Charles City Court my command day. encamped for the night. in compliance with instructions. ".At dark on the 16th. In the vicinity of Phillips there was no manifestation of the presence of Malvern the enemy during the day. On the morning of the 22 d of June at early dawn the brigade water. On the 15th. where the brigade remained in camp left until the morning of the Black- the 22d without incident of importance. reached the Weldon railroad at Reams Station. and about the same time the enemy began manifest his presence . where we had a sharp skirmish and developed the enemy near that position in very considerable force. but were driven Moved to Phillips and held the approaches.. and encamped until the morning of the following when we crossed the James river on the pontoon bridge and. on the morning of the 14th and proceeded to Harrison Landing. m. House to James river. a section of Fitzhue s battery. bringing camp upon up the rear of the column. near pontoon bridge. The command passed field to the rear of the infantry p. At 2 p.150 vail. bivouacked near after daylight Nancy s Shop. where supplies were re ceived and issued to the command.
morning of the 23d I moved my command from bivou- ack about an hour before daylight. in the afternoon. I made disposition meet the enemy. the Fifth New York Cavalry was sent to me at a late hour along the railroad. proceeded towards By following the road taken by General Kautz division we were carried several miles out of the more direct route. this point a considerable quantity of cotton Again House. I relieved them with the Twentysecond New York the Cavalry. when. and upon reaching a point near Nottoway Court House. who advanced to the attack. About 11 p. a continual skirmish until a couple of hours after Until near sundown the rear of my column was covered by the First Vermont Cavalry. upon Lee 151 my right flank and opened with artillery effect. m. Nottoway Court s we made an hour ". where was destroyed.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Soon ascertaining that it was the same force that had to fol lowed the rear the day previous. resuming the march. column closely. and proceeding by the Cox road moved along the railroad. but another advance of the line not being deter mined upon only a small fraction of that command became en gaged and towards morning I relieved them from the line.This engagement lasted from 1 p. until we reached Blacks and Whites. ments. F. Major Wells commanding. ". where the road crosses the railroad. my line again retired to original position from which repeated attempts of the enemy In answer to my request for re-enforce failed to dislodge them. H. The enemy bringing up strong its re-enforcements. the head of the column came upon the enemy. detaching regiments at different points to destroy the track. being exhausted by the work. enemy (W.On Station on the South Side railroad. My loss in killed. division of cavalry) followed the rear of the keeping up nightfall. checked his advance and drove him back a considerable distance. until dark and at times was quite severe. wounded and missing was .At s halt. m. I bivouacked my command near Fords ". but without s From this point the upon the column.
I quietly withdrew. on the morning of the 26th. whose cool in trepidity and noble daring had endeared him to all who knew him. taking to Hungarytown road and thence to the Danville railroad near Meherin Station.Early Keysville. where the direction of march was changed. On the 27th crossed the Meherin river at Saffolds Bridge. making several details for the work of destruction of the railroad. Here fell Captain McNair of the Eighth New York Cavalry. attack. was disabled. where I bivouacked for the on the morning of the 25th instant again took up the line of march. but off. HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. but the made disposition to meet the enemy showed disposition to fight and contented himself with opening fire at long range from a section of rifled pieces. my brigade bringing up the rear of column. night. I withdrew and pro forces remained in position until 2 a.My m. Captain Sayres of the same regiment. and proceeding slowly up the Danville road. in compliance with orders. the north my brigade After several hours halt on at bank of the stream we turned from the main road Columbia Grove. brought ". serving with my brigade. while that of the enemy was fully equal. distinguished alike for his gallantry and dash. bivouacked for the night on Great Creek. leading the advance of the column. when near I the crossing of the Little Roanoke river the enemy little again came up with my rear and some light skirmishing ensued. until near sundown. ceeded up the railroad to Roanoke Station. . and following the First Brigade. we passed through Christianville and encamped at Buckhorn Creek. a noble officer. and I am in clined to think exceeded my own. when the in accordance with instructions. Among the missing is a My command remained in line of battle until near daylight. ". when. by which one piece of Maynadier s battery. and securing guides along the way proceeded by cross roads across the country through a well settled district to the Boydton plank road.152 .
over the Nottoway river. near that station .Just previous to daylight on the morning of the 29th I was ordered by Colonel Mclntosh. Subsequently I placed the Eighth New York and Twenty-second New York Cavalry in re serve line of battle. In the main body about noon retrograde movement from this last point my command was assigned the advance. and to hold the position as long as possible. so that I could retire with my command. following the First Brigade. or until I received word that the road was clear. Third Indiana and Twenty-second New Eighth York on the left. or the Double Bridges. My to off. command which point the enemy was met. The column following shortly after. I was ordered to send another regiment to assist the First Brigade in an attack upon the enemy s Cross Roads. to place my command of the in position along the face of a piece of timber in the rear first position held by our forces. New right. and simultaneously made a strong attack upon the left flank and upon my led horses with mounted and dismounted men. which the we reached about noon. it being then after dark. proceeded via Smoky Ordinary to Poplar Mountain. dis mounted. and one of the regiments of Here my brigade (the Third Indiana Cavalry) was ordered to proceed out on the road leading to Stony Creek Depot as far as Sappony halted to water. 153 Marching early the next morning. and hastily threw up a small work of rails. At full daylight the enemy advanced upon my front in strong line of battle.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. I formed line of battle dismounted. I gath ered together some 300 of my command and proceeding by a cir cuitous route I succeeded in reaching the near Reams Station. Being myself dismounted and cut off from the road. commanding division. ". with the First Vermont on the York. About two miles from the last named point the . at position. and moving back across the Double Bridges over the Nottoway took the road to Jarretts Station. and many of the men were unable reach their horses on the road upon which the column had moved line gave back hurriedly.
proceeded through Waverly to Blunts Bridge on the Blackwater. m. provost marshal have performed . T. J. halted the com mand until 6 p. I have constantly received from the officers and men of the com mand the most cordial co-operation. Me Yean. acting M. The members of my staff Capt. Taylor. arriving there about midnight.During to present the entire campaign the loss in commissioned officers has been six killed. acting assistant inspector-general. on the ISTottoway. and Lieutenant-Colonel Hutchins of the First New Hampshire. Lieut. On the 2d instant moved camp on James river. plantation roads to Peters Bridge. constructed a bridge and commenced crossing my command. but I can not close my report without making men tion of Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin. my brigade in advance. but without injury or loss. Again repaired the bridge and commenced crossing the command. Farr. and Lieut. Major Wells and Major Bennett of the First Vermont and Major Patton of the Third Indiana. At daylight my brigade was all over. halted a couple of hours in the road. S. and fording the river (the bridge being destroyed) about noon. C. but before quite a squadron had passed over the bridge gave way. G. and in enlisted men twenty-four killed. ". Again resuming the march at the hour named. Found the bridge destroyed and the river not fordable. J. Moved to near Cabin Point and encamped for the night. Lieut. Major Pope and Major Moore of the Eighth New York. and soon after day command light on the morning of the 30th crossed the railroad at Jarretts Proceeding by Station without any opposition of consequence. acting aide-de camp. precipitating sev eral horses and men into the stream. Gilchrist. 217 wounded and 428 missing. near Light House Point. thirteen wounded and seventeen missing.154 HlSTOBY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALBY. G. When all have done so well it may not be exactly just to discriminate. discharge who have at all times been active and efficient in the of their duties. and at all times they have dis charged the arduous duties required of them cheerfully and with vigor. assistant adjutant-general.
Adjutant-General. destroying it marched down the night of the 26th.GEORGE ".I way except before am. held them to until daylight. as we went. who. when we came on the enemy House. on July regiment made the foil owing com report (Vol. very respectfully. ". Third Indiana Cavalry. Roanoke when we withdrew and brought up the rear From here we marched unmolested to Flat Fought them and in the morn- Rock. T. CHAPMAN. and men have borne the hardships and fatigues of the march with patience and willingness. your obedient servant. when we withdrew and marched Meherin Station on the Danville railroad. In battle they have been brave and gallant. page 647) : I have the honor to report the action of the mand on ". Nothing occurred 23d. supported by the Eighth New York. muster out of In its last active work. until the when we were in the rear. ". 1861 service. from the headquarters of the Company F. we made a stand. Capt. Louis SIEBERT. Third Cavalry last service Division.Adjutant XL. from June 22 July 2. ". The enemy coming on us. Part 1. all night. W. when we took the advance and came in contact with the enemy at Stony Creek. to in force stationed on the railroad near Dinwiddie Court Fought them until dark. Commanding Brigade.". From here we railroad.Assistant This was the performed by the Eastern battalion of the Third Indiana Cavalry under the organization as prior to its to it had en tered the field in September. ".I the late raid as follows: started out on the 22d ultimo near the rear of the command. Station.Capt. ".Colonel H. constant and active duties night and day.Officers 155 effi me most and are entitled to special mention. it was commanded by 2. ". . Moffitt of 1864.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. never faltering or giving greatly superior numbers. to attract my attention until the evening of the when my regiment was in advance. rendering cient service.
Pursuant to this dispatch.Headquarters Third Division. 11 :30 p. now on picket. Volunteers) on the 31st of August. ing withdrew from their front and marched to Reams Station.". 1864. Sheri dan. MOFFITT. the men of the Third Indiana Cav of alry whose term of service had expired were sent home by way Washington. One hundred and eighty- men who had been recruited for the Eastern battalion were retained and organized into two companies known its A and B reorganized. S. which ended on the 2d of July. Brigadier-General.". W. S. Nothing more of importance occurred on our part during the raid.The Humphrey. Cavalry Corps. Part 1. and the detachment of the Third Indiana was under the com mand of Lieut. Chief of Staff: at daylight Third Indiana. TAYLOR.July 26. XLIII. . 1864.156 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. ". WILSON. Benjamin F. Third Cav alry Division.Captain ". The old brigade with Companies old commanders as (Colonel Chapman having been made Brigadier-General of U. Commanding Third Indiana G. Gilbert (Vol. appears the following record: ". and sent away as soon as possible thereafter.Acting Assistant Adjutant-General Second Brigade. ". Philip H. for muster out of nine service. your most obedient servant. ". T. At page 482. will be relieved in the morning.I a ". ". Part 3. m.Major-General ". Vol.Lieut. have the honor to be. page 987). commanded by Gen. ". was transferred to the Middle Military Division. the regiment being somewhat scattered as the brigade was cut off. Cavalry.JAMES H. XL.
camped near Chain Bridge August 13 Company for the night. that almost as it was written forty years ago. and all that remained. near by Gen. and on the morning of B of the Third Indiana was ordered to report 157 . the men who had first enlisted were sent home for muster out of service. ". Washington City. but while in camp near Light House Point the horses of the regiment were appraised and bought by the government. commanded H. who had been having things his own way. were organ ized into two companies. This detachment was still attached to the Third Division of Cavalry. men of wing of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Watlington. J. 1864. term of service of the main body of the who had served with it. and until the close of the war. and who became a member of Company B in the we adopt it reorganization. a former member Company E. it landed on the 9th of August. is so well told in the diary of William W.In This comrade says: the latter part of July. Warren for Geisburg Landing. which on August 8. those enlisting in 1862 into Company B and those enlisting in 1863 into Company A. Heretofore it had been the only regiment in the field mounted on private horses. It s remained until when General Wilson command moved out on its way to join General Sheridan in the Shenandoah Val ley.CHAPTEE The history of the Eastern after the expiration of the VI. Wilson. the Third Indiana underwent a radical change.On the 29th of July. embarked on board the transport John H. 189 men. where he had begun an active campaign against General The division Early. and un at Camp Stoneman. where loading went into camp the night of August 12. including recruits and men who had veteraned. 1864. 1864. ".
On the morning of the 16th the command crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains at Snickers Gap. and the Sec ond West Virginia proceeded to Williamsport on the Potomac. About noon of the 18th Company A. command moved command of the brigade. to On August 12th marched Harpers Ferry.Here the course of the it command was changed northwest Soon to Winchester.At 3 p. its lines The Third and a brisk skirmish followed. moved on by way of Berryville to White Post and camped at 9 p. where arrived about noon of the 17th. At 3 a. Third Indiana. reported general headquarters and were ordered to Shepardstown.158 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. m. where the rebels ". of the 14th and waited for the wagon train to come up. Leesburg and Snickersville.. Second Brigade of Wilson in s to the headquarters of the division as escort to Colonel the evening the at 2 a. when the division began falling back in the direction of Charlestown on the Harpers Ferry railroad.. to General Averill arrived thirty miles north of Winchester at Martinsburg. the Third Indiana Company where it A of was sent with a message at 3 a. arriving at the latter place at went into camp. of the 15th the command moved on by way of Goose Creek. m. m. ". where arrived m. m. on the morning of the 21st the rebels At daylight were on us again and we con tinued falling back to our infantry lines about Harpers Ferry. on the Charlestown and Winchester pike. where it 9 p. Late in it to Drainsville. the Third Division camping for the night about a mile northeast of Charlestown. and remained over night. on the 20th we joined our division on the Win chester railroad six miles beyond Charlestown. Division at once threw out until dark. . m. after our arrival the rebels began driving in our pickets. attacked our lines on the following morning. on the morning of the 18th command was on the move to and by daylight Averill s Shepardstown on the Potomac. fifteen miles north of to Shepardstown. We skirmished for about an hour and fell back on the Nineteenth Corps. Chapman.
Under these circumstances both companies were performing escort duty. struck the it Martinsburg pike two miles from Shepardstown. and scouts coming into camp during the night reported that the rebels were threatening a raid into land. Gen. where was joined by the First Division. of the 26th of August. but proved unfounded. Following our return to camp we our front in anticipation of an attack by the enemy. Company A was sent out on a scout enemy. Mary On s this information. at Wilson Third Division crossed the Potomac to and proceeded into camp at Harpers Ferry Boonesborough. camp with 500 prisoners. Company A. We followed them a short distance and returned to camp. ". retiring to The rebel loss was severe. On the 28th we recrossed the Potomac the division . ". by way of Sandy Hook. and attacked a rebel patrol when about two miles outside of our lines. on the afternoon of the 26th. Wilson s headquarters for escort duty.On the morning of the 27th of August. at 3 a. At and eleven others were detailed as mounted orderlies for service there. About 1 p. James H. 159 to feel the m. of the met the enemy and fought him two hours. Third Indiana. which had been doing regimental duty alone since Company B had been detailed to the Second Brigade headquarters. We remained in camp on the 23d and 24th of August in comparative quiet. From camp at South Mountain Gap moved to Sharpsburg and camped north of that town on the Williamsport pike. and moving four miles farther out the pike. were wounded fortified this in this engagement. m. 1864.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. George Lee and several other men of Company A. one at the headquarters of the Third Division and the other at the headquarters of the division headquarters I Second Brigade of the division. but a number forces Union were also killed and wounded. and went South Mountain Gap near Boonesborough at 3 p. m.Early on the morning of the 25th of August General Wilson at s Third Division moved out of camp Harpers Ferry. was ordered to report at Gen.
p. which was five miles west of Berryville. and in more than one instance our men were murdered in their own quarters by these cut-throats and assassins. and about fifteen miles southwest of Charlestown. where we went into camp near the spot where John Brown had been hung. Suspicious characters were noticed prowling through our camps.. After camping a few nights around Berryville. His infantry lines extended north from Berryville to beyond the chester Win & Harpers Ferry railroad. and one of them was believed to be Mosby himself. below Shepardstown and reached Charlestown about 4 m. Berryville. ". They were concealed in the homes of various residents of the country.160 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. s This was the occasion of General Sheridan fire. where General Early was supposed to have his headquarters. which was to be mustered s staff. while Early s occupied the west bank of Opequan creek. We returned on the 30th and overtook the division at it was in camp. Hammonds Ferry.For about three weeks Berryville was the camping ground for the cavalry forces on the left of General Sheridan s lines. The First and Third Divisions of cavalry were kept actively em and driving his cavalry back from the Potomac. we realized that we were within the haunts of Mosby s guerrilla ployed harassing Early s ? flanks bands. order to sweep the valley with On to camp morning of September 2 our division moved out of look after some of Mosby s men who had been interfering the with our rear along the pike between Berryville and Charlestown. of General Wilson a part of the Second JSTew Sandy Hook with York Cavalry. attacking our supply trains when not sufficiently guarded. On the 29th of August I was detailed to accompany Lieutenant Yard. where where General Sheridan had his headquarters. A few shots from our advance sent . They never interfered with our front. to out there. We followed them to retreat. but they had fled to their to mountain and we returned s our camps to find them occupied by Early cavalry. but confined their operations to our rear. Berryville is about ten miles east of Winchester.
Our rapid advance seemed to take them by surprise. Opequan creek the Second Brigade met the and drove them back to their infantry within slight skirmish oc two and a half miles of Winchester. On the morning of the 13th of September General Wilson made crossing of a reconnoissance with the First Brigade to the Opequan creek. ".At the crossing of rebel cavalry pickets. the Third Division moved from camp at Berryville on the pike in at Berryville. We moved to Millwood on September 3 our camp at when we returned 4th to and remained over night.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. we again found the rebel cavalry skirmish we again drove them out and until the After a short took possession and remained in the direc morning of the 7th. the direction of Winchester. capturing 150 more prisoners with their colonel and sixteen line officers. which was pushed without delay. when our battery stationed there opened on them and ended their pursuit. after cavalry. dash and held them against repeated attempts of the enemy to . The division was soon across the creek and in position for a general advance. driving the enemy back on their main position on the elevated ground along the south and east banks of Abrahams where they had a considerable force of infantry in line protected by earthworks. until we reached the crossing of Opequan creek. when we again moved tion of Winchester. and Berryville on the evening of the in possession. After this we drew off. closely followed by the enemy s cavalry. the rebels back to their 161 own quarters. Opequan creek we and our advance at once made an at At daylight them back on their reserve. were on the enemy attack and drove s pickets. where a curred and General Wilson ascertained the position and strength of the enemy. which the Third New Jersey was brought up and charged the Eighth South Carolina Cavalry. and we took possession. we captured their earthworks at the first creek. We then returned to camp Early on Monday morning. September 19. where he encountered the enemy s He made a charge and captured fifty prisoners.
Reuben Clemens of Company A. we were relieved from the front we moved along the south side of this creek. which had relieved us. and then flowing into the resumes original course. Early without fell back much regard to military organization. point From this we watched the Sixth Corps form and move forward amid Early made a desperate effort to hold his position. but causing no serious Sixth Corps. parallel with the pike north of it about three-fourths of a mile. and General Chapman. and even tried to break the center of the Sixth Corps line. . Opequan a half mile or so below the crossing of the Berryville pike. com manding the Second Brigade.The plate.162 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALBY. push the rebel cavalry on Early s right. with Merritt and Averill s was pushing back his left to the west of Winchester and threatening his rear from that direction thus pushed on the center cavalry. to and were Early s fast swinging around on to the valley pike which was s line of retreat. ". The course of Abrahams creek from near Win which runs chester bears directly due east. losing a leg. which had a high bluff bank. but Sheridan was there and our division was ordered a roar of artillery and musketry. ". pushed on and drove the rebels we had been fighting back on to Early s main line two miles from Winchester and about two miles from where the pike crossed the creek. making a considerable indenture and defacing the eagle on the brass injury to the General. by the infantry and both flanks by the cavalry. where ". Third General Mclntosh. Our division was . while Torbert. was struck with a rifle ball on the plate fastening of his sword belt. until General Wright with the Sixth Corps came up and relieved the Third Division of Cavalry. regain them. was killed. here it its course was nearly its north for a short distance. commanding the First Indiana. this point Corp.When we first ran on the rebel pickets. was wounded.At Brigade. except at the point where the Third Division made its stand. We moved forward parallel with Abrahams creek and with the lines of the Sixth Corps.
a small creek. 163 ordered to attack and harass the left flank of the rebel column as it hurried out of Winchester on the Strasburg pike. the roadway was graded around the point of this ridge to a bridge fifty rods or more up the creek. At daylight on the morning of the 20th we crossed the North Fork and arrived at the South Fork three miles from Front Royal. A mile out of town the rebels had wheeled two or three guns into position and batteries were shelling our cavalry as we came up.At daylight on the morning of September 20th our Third Division moved out on the Strasburg pike as far as Newtown. Third Indiana. when they disappeared from our We camped the at Front Royal for the night and on the 22d moved up village at the Luray Valley ten or twelve miles to Milford. a on the east bank of the South Fork of the Shenandoah. being ordered to form up in our battery s The position was very uncomfortable but the rear for support. Third Division went into camp for the night. ". We camped andoah for the night half a mile river. where we left the pike and started towards Front Royal. Com pany A. which was abrupt where it extended along the river. after which the division crossed over and drove the rebels about four miles beyond Front Royal. mouth of north bank of this There was a high ridge on the creek. The First Brigade charged the ford several times before effecting a crossing. whereupon one of our was ordered up and took position within 400 yards of the rebel guns and were soon hurling shot and shell into them. rebel guns overshot us. front.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. near which place the some four miles south of Winchester. as their attention was diverted by the First and Second Brigades of Cavalry that were harassing the flank of their broken column as it rushed up the valley pike. Here we found the . from the north fork of the Shen- near its junction with the South Fork. where we found the rebels in position on the opposite side of that river. Late in the evening the Second Ohio and the Third in on their rear and repeatedly charged New Jersey Cavalry closed them to beyond Kerntown.
had left our front the day before ready to receive us. fell We skirmished some with them and back four miles. the s twenty miles we had traveled since leaving General Wilson com mand mine. All went well until we arrived at the place where we had left our command and found it gone. while Ward continued ahead with the message.164 rebels that HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. after halting General Wilson ordered a detail of three river. We pushed forward at a rapid gait to our old camp and found it vacant.We accompanied by the four comrades of our division. had been given no instructions about returning to our command and consequently on the morning of the 24th of Sep tember we started out to find our division where we had left it. We made inquiry at a nearby farm house of a cavalry had passed Virginia widow as to when our up the valley.Soon some seven miles from Strasburg. Ward and myself were chosen forced burg. continued our march. passing around the Massanutten Mountains. supposing we could overtake the command some fifteen or twenty miles up the valley. After rest ing our horses Grey and I returned to Strasburg and camped for the night with a squad of infantry and four cavalryman who be longed to our division. especially Grey s and Four miles from Woodstock Grey and I abandoned the chase. orderlies from the to escort to carry a message North Fork General Sheridan. ". our route being by way of Middletown to Stras On arriving at Strasburg our infantry there informed us that Sheridan stock. We soon set out at a march gait. . on the road leading to On the morning of the 23d we forded the river and Strasburg. camping on the east bank of the river for the night. and halted about noon on the south bank of the North Fork of the Shenandoah ". was twelve miles farther up the valley near Wood With a smooth pike. up the valley of the Robert Grey. to carry this message. where we had camped on the night of the 22d. After a consultation we started out on a forced march. telling on the wind of our horses. we pushed on at a lively gait.
where I was remounted just as they were pre comrades who paring to move out. ". so I decided to ex change. Several plugs of horses were feeding . I took to the woods and soon heard shots. A half mile or so farther on we came to a camp which our command had likely We vacated that morning. The command proceeded still to ISTew Market and joined Sheridan. which they obeyed. But our advance was more deliberate than it had We re-primed our revolvers and carried our carbines un- slung across our saddles. As they appeared to be unarmed we called them to halt. who had all left me. we discovered two men in uniform crossing the road a few rods in our advance. 165 and she replied the evening before. where they were held until the close of the war. wished them success and continued our journey. was a serious matter. They had discovered us about the same time and were making for some bushes a short distance from the road. around. we had been. to fight. at a rebel we had proceeded but a few hundred sharp turn in the road. We now came to a sense of our Twenty miles in the rear of our command in the Luray Valley. We ? inter viewed them and they claimed to be deserters from Early s com mand on their way to their homes somewhere down the valley. and had no doubt been abandoned one of them seemed to me a better horse than the one I so. and did After which we were on the move again up the Front Royal and Luray pike. After an mand at day and night march on foot I came up to the com Mill river. the home of Mosby s guerrillas.The five left me when my horse gave out were captured by the rebels and taken to Richmond.HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. yards when. had encountered a squad of rebels. This meant that we were twenty miles or more in the rear. from which I inferred my five comrades. Stowing my saddle and other effects among some bushes. but soon my new to horse gave out from a weakness in his back and loins and I had abandon him. who was following close on . After consultation we decided to push ahead after the division if situation. was riding.
George A. we moved camp settled until the three miles to Dayton. This looked like wanton destruction. Crawford. Custer of the First Brigade was assigned to the command of the Third Division. fell crossing North river to Bridgewater. and lay in camp two days. We we fell back back through Staunton to Spring Hill where. October 2. taking or destroying everything that rebels. and on the 26th went to Staunton. mained in camp the rebels During the few days we re carried on a bushwhacking war fare around us after night. halt. and Gen. .166 Early s HISTORY OF THE THIKD INDIANA CAVALRY. The next morning the rebels came down the mountain and drove in our pickets. in which several of the orderlies had their horses shot from under them while carrying dispatches. On saddled up and moved eleven or twelve miles to within a mile of Waynesborough. and one night an officer of General Sheridan s engineer corps was shot by a bushwhacker near Sheri dan s headquarters. but after a slight across skirmish river. issued an order to burn every dwelling within five miles of Dayton. moved by the left flank along what was called the mountain road. about three miles below Mt. Others were found secreted about the dwellings in and near the various camps and General Sheridan. On the 25th we left New Market and marched is at to Harrisburg. forty-five miles direct the head from Gordonsville. ". but rebels attacked our pickets had hardly become and drove them in.Here on the 30th of September General Wilson was relieved to and ordered Sherman s army in the West. but was the only safeguard to our lives. a On the morning of the 7th of October Sheridan resumed his march down the valley. we drove them back through Bridgewater this North capturing some prisoners. A severe skirmish ensued. would be of any special benefit to the Our division. after a again. in order to terrorize the inhabitants. the Third. where we went into camp. rear. On Sunday morning. He was captured and executed the next morning. in the 27th the division communication with Richmond. which of the Shenandoah Valley.
that date Early made an attack on the Eighth Corps. rebels The pushed on almost without opposition until they reached the s front of Gettey division of the Sixth Corps. m. passing through Columbia Furnace. until October 19. The rebels . they made a sudden dash on our wagon train. The rebels showed no mercy to these poor wretches. which was easily repulsed. capturing two forges and several wagons loaded with refugee families leaving the country. oners. The next day we marched back opposite Strasburg on the mountain road without interruption. About 3 p. our rear being hard pressed all 167 day by Eosser s cavalry. on our completely surprised the they knew of the s 4 o clock in the morning. of Rosser s wagon train and a number of pris guns captured were the same our division had abandoned on the 29th of June on the Wilson raid. About dark we crossed the north fork of the Shenandoah and camped for the night. our cavalry following them to beyond Woodstock. So fiercely was the attack followed up that our center and right was soon driven back on the reserves.HlSTOKY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALKY. Sheridan ordered the First and Third divisions of cavalry about and attack him. and so first men of the Eighth Corps that the enemy movements was when they were in their camps. the rebel front being pressed by the First Division they were soon stampeded. making our lines at Reams Station on the Weldon Here we On the evening of October llth we fell back across Cedar creek and camped two miles west of Middletown. which bravely re ceived the exultant rebels and checked their advance. Gen. remained in camp with no other interruption than an occasional On cavalry dash. left at commanded by General Crook. but on October 10th Rosser appeared in force on our rear at Fishers Hill. to wheel General Ouster managed to get two regi s ments of his division in Rosser where they charged. cap rear. and camped three miles beyond at Narrow Passage creek. when we were six The cut off from railroad. The next day we moved on. and many of our men were bayonetted before they could get out of their tents. all turing six guns.
By 4 p. passing disorganized bodies of rebel infantry. and there was such a jam of wagons and artillery caissons that it was diffi cult for the cavalry to effect a crossing. next assault on our right and center they were repulsed with so much damage to the enemy that Early drew off and began entrenching himself. and here the cavalry s divi dis was mounted and took the front as infantry. The strag When the rebels made their and the Sixth Corps was ordered up. About noon General Torbert was or dered to form the First and Third divisions of cavalry on the left of the pike about a mile north of Middletown with Gettey sion of the Sixth Corps on the right.While we held this position General Sheridan came up from Winchester and at once began glers returned to their places to strengthen his lines. ". m. Our front lines were fleeing to the rear by thousands. s pressed forward and Gettey division was compelled to fall back. General Ouster ordered several cavalry regiments to deploy and form a line just north of Middletown to stop this stream of stragglers. General Custer at the head of our division charged at the crossing of the creek. and began to lose ground. But we continued along which were left the flank of the retreating rebels. forcing the rebels to the creek. The cavalry charged enemy while struggle was the infantry pressed their front. bringing the advancing rebels to a stand for several hours while the broken ranks of the Eighth and Nineteenth Corps were reforming behind the right and rear of Gettey s division. closely followed by General Custer charged with his entire division and the infantry charged at the same time. but the rebels were soon forced to abandon their breastworks our troops. wagons and whole batteries with . followed by their complete rout. and we were withdrawn. for a time the fierce. but the stragglers were so panic stricken that neither horses nor sabers could check them. although it maintained a steady front. Sheridan had so far reorganized his routed forces that an advance was made the flanks of the along our entire line.168 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Ouster with the First Brigade.Such s army. but we captured 2. forty-seven of which were taken by Ouster cavalry. to Strasburg. and Custer followed them up so closely that they did not make a stand. The mountain road and leading along the North Mountain while the middle road was between valley pike. when we found the rebel Glass. under General Chapman. companies in different directions turned without finding any. That night we fell back to our old camp and the next day the Third Division moved along the mountain to beyond Fishers Hill. on the 19th of October. The number killed on each side was about the same for the lost We twenty pieces of artillery in the morning and about 1. while Gen.We but they re moved back to near Kernstown.HISTORY OF THE THIKD INDIANA CAVALBY.000 prisoners. Soon the rebel cavalry appeared in our front. being driven five . General Ouster making his headquarters at the house of a Mr. and single horsemen were bringing in bands of rebel stragglers. Sharp skirmishing en sued as the First Brigade advanced. recap tured our lost guns and fifty pieces besides. where we went into camp. together with a number of wagons and a large number of prisoners. cavalry in possession of both roads leading up the valley west of main pike from Winchester was five miles west of the main the foot of Little . the mountain road and the valley pike.000 s in the afternoon. but by a charge of our men the rebels were forced back in disorder. day. moved up the middle road. The Second Brigade. capturing battle flags. but we did not move out until the next morning. under Colonel Bryan. where Ouster halted and sent to look for rebels. ". with his escort marched along the mountain road. detachments of provost guards. was the Battle of Cedar Creek. A rebel battery of several guns trying to escape on a byroad was ridden down by one man of the escort. ". and only 1864. brought in and sent to the rear. 169 We charged through the ranks of the retreating rebels. It seemed like Ouster was bent on capturing the whole of Early darkness put a stop to our pursuit.
The rebels fell back. advance and Custer with the Third the rear crossing Cedar creek. four and a half miles southwest of chester on the Little ".Sheridan s Win North Mountain road. and Sheridan with the rest of his command sion fell back to Winchester for the winter. meeting with about the same success. Chapman of the First We struck the middle road just as the Second Brigade was falling back on the reserve. Gilbert of the four orderlies to communicate with General Brigade. The Second Brigade was for a time cut off from the First. The right of his line resting of on Little Mountain was occupied by the Third Divi Cavalry under General Custer. A few minutes later the rebel advance charged down on but were met by the guard and driven back only to return with a pelled our rear guard. We fell back to Mount Zion escort with Church and General Custer sent Lieut. Chapman morning left the rebels in possession of the middle road but next undertaking of started out in the same order to finish the the day before. General Devin with the First Division took the . where we camped the first night of the march. Storm were separated from Lieutenant New Gilbert and the other two orderlies. 1865. us. and not far from Edenburg our advance guard was fired on by Rosser s rebel cavalry. Hampshire. with headquarters at 7 Robert Glass residence. forces remained in this position until the 27th of February.170 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. I and J. the First much larger force. miles to the crossing of Cedar creek. but General Custer having cleared the mountain road turned to the assistance of Second Brigade. to skedaddle at Y. we passed through Strasburg and reached Woodstock. . On the 28th the Third Division had the advance. but by spurring up our horses General we soon overtook our command on the mountain road. when under orders from General Grant he moved up the valley. General Chapman with his Wright with his Sixth Corps and two other divisions of infantry were withdrawn from the valley. the rebels were soon driven beyond Cedar creek and the division returned to its camp. which com a lively pace.
a stream just beyond the town. fol lowed by a running fight for four miles to the bridge across Middle river. the Gordonville railroad. On this day in fording the Shenandoah at Mains Bottom three of our men it and two horses were drowned. ". They were again dispersed and five of them captured. which our experts located in a few minutes after we had halted. the Third Division in the rear. them being captured. A squad of rebels charged our pickets but retreated with more spirit than they came. some of whom were in our uni form. camped for the night in the rain. At Fisherville our advance encountered the rebel pickets. Battery M turned loose her guns and at the same time the Third Division . passed through Staunton. chief of cavalry. m. We continued on to Lacys Spring. Second U. crossed North river several of at Mt.Waynesborough was located rectly in front of Rockfish at the foot of the Blue Ridge. Sindner the First Division encountered which was routed after a sharp skirmish. di Gap. They attempted to burn the bridge but failed. s At Mt. Here Early had entrenched. leaving five of their 17 1 number prisoners. Here we Rosser cavalry. Jackson about noon. General Ouster sent word back to General Merritt. formed the center. where the division halted and went into camp. We passed through Harrisburg. Ouster took in the situation at once and prepared to attack. S. stationed on our left to attack enemy s right flank. On the 2d of March the Third Division took the lead.HlSTOBY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALKY.. Artillery. from there the head of the column taking the pike leading to Waynesborough on That town the rebels had evacuated. Two regiments of dismounted the men were s left. leaving nothing but a few barrels of applejack. two regiments mounted were sent to our right to charge the enemy while the rest of the division with Battery M. On March 1 we moved at 5 a. and in the meantime drove the rebel pickets back on their main force at Waynesborough. and while our wagon train was crossing Mill creek. We reached Mt. through which the railroad passed. was attacked by rebel cavalry. Crawford.
We burned the bridge and . Both flanks of the in the rebel rear enemy were turned and our men were before they knew how it was done.At daylight on the morning of the 7th of March we forded The Third Rockfish river two miles above the bridge. enteen battle flags. every went man for himself. charge on the center broke their which caused a panic. loaded with supplies. ". not result of the fight driver in sight. 1864. and returned to division headquarters back a mile from the bridge. we found a The teams had been abandoned. mules and wagons. ". we saw no bridge at Rockfish river. us first and fled as stationhouse there. Glasgow depot. fifty ambulances with teams. and went on to Charlottesville. We remained there until the 6th of March. They saw we charged them. We also destroyed the depot and a lot of supplies at Woodville. The Third Division moved through the gap and went into camp for the night on the east side of the Blue Ridge. marched to Lovington and destroyed the railroad and rebel Division proceeded from Lovington to stores there.500 prisoners.On March 3 we moved along the Gordonsville railroad to Char- lottesville. They made s a desperate resistance. The was 1. Ouster leading. when we the railroad towards Lynchburg. went into camp. pellmell. 150 wagons with teams. details New . where the greatest confusion. three miles north of Amherst Court House.172 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. twelve pieces of artillery with caissons and horses. but Ouster lines. moved south along formed the advance Twelve of us forming the escort and a squad of fifteen or twenty scouts rebels all day until we struck the which was guarded by rebels. We burned Mechams Station and a building filled with rebel stores there. Ouster charged through their broken ranks and charged their wagon train in the rear. sev s together with General Crook battle flag which had been captured at Cedar Creek on the 19th of October. horses and ambulances aban doned to their fate. destroying the track as we went. shooting and yelling. and the rail road bridge nearby across the Ravenna river.
and one of Gen. We arrived at Fredricks Hall about dark and went On Anna the 14th we left Fredricks Hall and again struck the South at the crossing of Kilpatrick and Sheridan roads. 173 being sent out in every direction for horsefeed and other sup plies. On the 8th of March we James left the railroad. striking the James again at the mouth of Ravenna river. they returned with seven or eight. We crossed the South Anna river at Anderson about a mile from the cross roads detail and a was sent out to capture horses. Market on the James division and at 6 o clock next was on its way to Richmond down morning our as we had no means of crossing. where we found the enemy in were two or three and a sharp skirmish took place.HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. bia and On Sunday morning March the 12 we left camp a Colum moved out on Richmond road six miles. m. into camp. camp two miles below New the river. We marched down the river road to War- minster. A squad was sent in pursuit. twenty-five miles east of Gordonsville. s staff in sight of General Early. On arriving at Thompsons Cross Roads about 8 p. striking the river at into New Market some miles below Lynchburg. killed Among the officers. crossed Rockfish river aqueduct at Mozartsville. thence along the canal to into Scottsville and went camp. The next day we marched out the Richmond road by way of Vinnsville and Fluvanna Institute. where at the canal we took the canal towpath. but he had disappeared towards Richmond. where we again came Custer oner. came near running him down and taking him pris On the morning of the 15th of March we moved to Ash force. We went river. we learned that General Early and a body of cavalry had passed through a few minutes ahead of us. taking a north thirty east course. which we crossed to Columbia on the canal aqueduct. and among the prisoners was the adjutant of the Fifteenth Virginia. going into mile from town. We fell back along the rail- . in which several were killed on both sides. changing our course nearly due north on a road leading to Fredricks Hall Sta tion on the Virginia Central railroad. land.
stopped for our wagon train. March 29 Grant s army was in motion. only a sufficient force being left behind to man the lines around City Point and Petersburg. road to the South Anna and crossed again to the north side near the railroad bridge. lem road. going into camp below the landing. eight men of Company B. We made lay camp here a day. We moved around of Petersburg and went into in at camp near Fort Magruder. . whose time had expired. marching through Charles City Court House to Harrisons Landing on the James river.174 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. continuing to Noels Station on the Virginia Leaving here we proceeded to Jerico Ford. Second Brigade They were surprised when near Baltimore Cross headquarters. crossed Rowanty creek The cavalry moved out at 10 a. the Fredricksburg road. among them several boys from Company A at division headquarters and some from Company B. and we crossed over. stood saddled all night . crossed the North Anna to the north side and went to Chesterfield Station on Central.On the evening of the 19th of March we went out reconnoiter- ing and foraging. We left White House Landing on the 25th of March and crossed the Chicka- hominy on pontoons where Jones Bridge had been. towards Dinwiddie Court House. Roads by a squad of rebels and eight or ten of them captured. On March 27th we crossed the Appomattox in front river seven miles above City Point.On As headquarters. went at Monks Neck Bridge. As we lay there on the morning of the 26th a dis patch boat with President Lincoln and General Grant on board steamed up to the landing. were mustered out and permitted to go home. during which time muster rolls were out Company ". m. going into left Chesterfield Station camp there. and went to ". one from Company A and two from Company B. where our pontoons spanned James Jones Landing. teen miles to river to From here we went up the river fif Deep Bottom. along the Jerusa crossed the Weldon railroad at Reams Station. where we communicated with General Grant and received supplies. On March 16 we White House Landing.
closely rebels. Darkness put a stop to this fight and both sides rested came on. followed by both divisions. but at 10 o clock at night picket firing on our left caused us to be routed out. About noon of the 31st the Third Division was ordered to the front. in a pouring rain which continued through most of next day. to give There the backed by a heavy made all his a stand. Custer taking every occasion to charge their rear with the Third Division. became fiercer The rebels showed signs of weakening and Sheridan Custer led two of these to the front. charges in person. pressed them harder than ever. when the rebels gave way and fell back to near Five Forks. but available force was dismounted and de and a courier was sent ployed on the skirmish line. shouting. At 8 p.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. but made little headway. where he halted and entrenched. On where they were fighting when darkness the morning of April 1 the First and Third Divis ions of Cavalry were reinforced by McKenzie s cavalry and then Ayres division of the Fifth Corps. as he fell back. back for reinforcements. boys. unsaddled and supposed we would get some sleep. With drawn saber he dashed Now. The rebels came on but we brought them to fall back. for your thirty days furlough/ and in they went. and Sheridan in turn was forced way. and the fighting than ever. On leaving Winchester Custer had issued a special order . to a stand. m. and held them until their infantry turned our right flank and compelled the Third Division General Custer was conspicuous along the line and his private orderly was killed. but The rebels followed closely with both we fell back in good order until Custer found a good position. with de fenses made of whatever we could lay our hands on. and moved to about two miles south of Dinwiddie tCourt House and went into camp. force of infantry. Custer with the Third Division went to his assistance. 175 We went into camp on the night of the 30th. Devin with his First Division of Cavalry had attacked the rebels in the morning and fought them all forenoon. and we remained saddled up the remainder of the night. cavalry and infantry.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALBY.
promising a thirty-day furlough to each
captured a rebel
the aid of Griffith
abled to drive the
The Fifth Corps was not
in position until near dark, yet
Sheridan ordered a forward movement along the entire line; the
and for a time the contest was
in the darkness the blaze of incessant musketry and the flash of
up the surroundings of the battle with an awful When the final assault was made our men scaled the
earthworks of the enemy and a hand-to-hand struggle raged for a
brief time only, for the rebels broke and gave way, leaving in our
hands a portion of their
quantity of ammunition and
cavalry pursued the routed
about six thousand prisoners.
rebels until 9 o clock,
Five Forks and camped for
morning of the 2d of April we moved to Fords Inn on the South Side railroad and destroyed several miles of track. Here
the 3d, and at
the rebel cavalry, which
we drove back
The Third Division took
the advance on the
Namozine Creek ran on
with ammunition and
morning of caisson which
left in the
road with a fuse
It exploded, killing
of the Eighth
the crossing of
Namozine creek our passage
was disputed by the
rebels in considerable force, behind breast
Custer at once ordered up his batteries and after a few
had been thrown into them they retreated, followed by Cus for six miles. We captured 350 prisoners in this fight, includ
continued the pursuit
taking a number of prisoners and halting a short distance from
Mannsborough for the night. During the day the Third Division had captured about 600 prisoners. On the 4th the Third Division
Deep creek and went
camp two miles from Devils
Bridge, but early in the night we were ordered out and found we
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
endeavor to make a flank movement and get in
countermarched south four miles and reached
of the 5th of April.
on the Danville railroad, at daylight on the The Fifth and Second Corps were
left of the
headquarters were at Amelia Court House in our front.
an early hour on the morning of the 6th of April the Sec ond Brigade of the Third Division was sent out on a reconnois"At
sance in the direction of Amelia Court House, and Lieutenant
Christenden of Custer
and ten men of the escort went along.
arrived at Amelia Court
m. and found the
Roads and Deatonville.
Lee had moved north by way of Paynes Cross Corporal Lon Ward was detailed to carry
a message back to division headquarters and I
accompany him. Arriving at Jettersville we learned that the cavalry had left there, moving in the direction of Farmville. Late
in the evening
we came up with
the Third Division headquarters
farm, which had been the battlefield of Sailors Creek.
to the right
during the forepart of the
day, struck the rebel column shortly after noon a few miles south
of Deatonville, moving southwest on the road to Rices Station.
a portion of the
ordered to attack and harass
while the First and Second Divisions moved
rapidly south, endeavoring to reach the head of the retreating
column and cut
m. Devin with the First Divis
ion succeeded in intercepting
of Sailors creek.
farm, just south
was gained and a stubborn fight followed. Custer was soon up with the Third Di vision and a general attack was made on their front and flank, and
a sudden attack the road
enemy was compelled
This attack compelled
the rebel column to head further west on the road leading south
High Bridge and Farmville.
corps was cut off from
intercepted in his front by our cavalry, which held
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY,
bay until Wright s Sixth Corps came up and attacked him on his left and rear. As soon as our artillery could be gotten up
and into position on the elevated ground east of the creek our lines pushed forward on all sides. Here ensued one of the most des
perate struggles of the war.
famished by hunger and
cut off and fatigued on the eve of reaching their provision train,
fought with desperation and our men, determined to end matters,
With the Sixth Corps moving forward and Devin pressing them back in front and Crook
Custer charging their left flank,
the rebel situation des
hold our forces
and across the country.
shell, the rebel
on their right through the But with our batteries belching
ranks soon became confused, and our cav
alry taking advantage of these conditions to charge
regiments and brigades as prisoners, and captured wagon trains
batteries until one corps of
Night put an end
to the pursuit,
and the Third Division
headquarters camped on the battlefield.
The Third Division
the battle captured 4,000 prisoners, including four generals, be
fourteen pieces of artillery, thirty stands of colors and
morning of the 7th of April the cavalry moved out, First Division in advance, followed by Custer s Third and
the Fifth Corps of infantry.
crossed the South Side rail
road seven miles west of the Junction and proceeded to Prince
Edwards Court House.
from receiving supplies
there the Sixth Corps and the
cavalry went west to Farmville to intercept Lee and prevent
at that point.
the Third Division
moved, Captain Lee, the division provost marshal of Custer s staff, with a guard from the escort in charge of the four generals
captured the evening before, remained in camp until our prisoners
could be turned over to the corps provost marshal,
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
lowed up and overtook the division at Prince Edwards Court
we moved west and camped
for the night on
morning of the 8th of April the Third Division took the advance and struck the Lynchburg railroad at Prospect Sta
tion, ten miles
west of Farmville, crossed over and followed the
north side of the railroad to beyond Evergreen Station and then
from Appomattox Station. At 4 p. m. Custer, with the Third Division, was ordered to make a forced march to Appomattox Station to cut off Lee s
crossed back to the south side some five miles
supply train at that point.
head of the
reached the station about dark and Custer charged
the depot with the escort.
The small body of
rebel cavalry there
confusion at the
discharge of our revolvers.
trains loaded with provisions for
provost marshal, took charge
while Custer followed the retreating rebel cavalry.
them three-quarters of a mile in the direction of Appomattox, where a strong force of Lee s advance was met, which drove us
meantime the division had come up and
in a strip of timber a quarter of a mile back of the station.
advance came dashing down the road, but were soon brought
stand by a volley from the division already in line.
But they soon
and came again in such force that we could hardly check them, but, the division now all being up, the engagement became general and more aggressive on our part. For a time the fighting
brought up their
whistling shells, the rattle of carbines and the screech of locomo
this point Custer
charge with his entire force, and the rebel lines were broken
and driven back some
came on and our came up
division bivouacked on the line.
Custer had been ordered to the right of the Fifth Corps. but news of the white flag spread throughout the army. . where Lee had his headquarters. soon came up and proceeded to the house of a Mr. Custer one of his staff to General Sheridan and Sheri dan reported to Grant. 1. s command went into camp where they had stopped On the next day Custer to Prospect Sta took charge of the cavalry corps and tion. as fight we knew Lee would be on us the next morning. and at the same time Custer charged their left. where the enemy appeared to be concentrating. Some of us thought it was a scheme to gain time. with the s rebel Lee headquarters a short distance beyond. Their batteries had been placed in position and shells were falling among us alry at a lively rate. and his whole force of in fantry was advancing. but a was hoisted and Custer came to a halt.000 prisoners and 100 wagons. The rebels soon came to a stand. McLain. requesting a suspension of hostilities until a surrender could be effected at once dispatched by the proper officers. from which elevation the we could see Appomattox Court House. morning of April 9 the First Division of Cavalry confronted Lee s skirmishers. and Sheridan fighting. we marched where we met our wagon train with supplies. completing the rout. During this we captured thirty pieces of artillery. camps about and In a moment more we would have been dashing down on signal the rebel commander. until we reached the crest of Glover Hill.At 8 o clock on the night and it soon came to the rescue of the cavalry. and the hills and valleys around Appomattox rang with cheers from Grant the Yanks and many of the rebels joined in the chorus. but the Fifth Corps had arrived during the ". One of Lee s staff approached with a white flag. As soon as the Third Division of Cav had taken position on the right of the Fifth Corps that corps charged the enemy s front and drove them back. during the night and were in position for the battle of the next day.180 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
five miles south of Dan to river. Sheridan received word that Johnson Sherman. 1865. and the next morning we started back to Petersburg. for we were ordered to report to which we started on June 11.. Ky. reaching there later on the 13th.HlSTOEY OF THE THIED INDIANA CAVALRY. the next where we remained until the 17th.On the 28th of April. Third Indiana.On 181 the llth we left Prospect Station and marched to Burksarrived on the 12th of April. On the 5th of May Sherman s army reached Petersburg and kept passing until we moved out on the morning of May 10 for Washington May on the Richmond There we took part in the grand review. striking the Lynchburg railroad at White and Blacks Station and following the line of the road to Petersburg. then moved to near Petersburg. . ". we rode by camped to camp We three miles moved Nottoway. where we received our discharge papers on the 7th day of August. as ville Junction.". ". and on the 24th of April started with the cavalry corps to join Sherman s army in North Carolina. of Company B. was in charge of the detachment of the pike. south of the Junction and on the 13th station south of Burksville Junction. where we Here we their found a good portion of the infantry and they cheered the heroes of Appomattox. after which Sheridan and Custer left us for Texas. and Captain Gilbert. had surrendered where we arrived on the 3d of and went into camp. when we reached South Boston. We were first ordered to North Carolina to join the Eighth Indiana Cavalry and then Louisville. Two weeks we were ordered to Indianapolis.
manded company until was mustered out of Lieut. who had been a pany. William S. resigned on the llth of March. of Company B. 1863. Charles W. parently independent of each other. was made captain of that com182 . on the 5th of August. Charles Lemon. and then captain of that company. of Company C. On the 15th of March. Maj. George H. Capt. with the Eastern wing. of Company E. 1863. was made lieutenantcolonel of the regiment. then first lieutenant. Ephraim Martin. who went out with Company A as a sergeant. William Patwas made major. signed to become colonel of the Ninth Cavalry. Irvin on May 22. Chapman was made colonel. lieutenant of that com resigned to alry. On the 25th of October. During this time there were also numerous changes in the com pany officers of both battalions of the regiment. Benjamin Q. became its captain on the resignation of Capt. 1863. Lee. Major McClure having re ton. become lieutenant-colonel of the Tenth Indiana Cav first it Marshall Lahue as that lieutenant of Company B com service.-Col. was made major. Lieutenant Porter. Capt. McClure. with the Western battalion. 1862 was then promoted to major and later . The wide separation of the two wings of the Third Indiana Cavalry. Robert Klein. James D. On the 12th of March. 1862. in their respective fields of operations.CHAPTER VII. of Company A. was made major. Gresham. of that company. 1863. 1863. but officers made them ap were commis sioned and promoted as though the two battalions were operating together. having left the service on the 20th of December. first became second. Col. of Company C. and on the 29th of May. Capt. and on the following day Lieut. Scott Carter. 1863.
second lieutenants. Company B. Lieut. and Uriah lieutenant and the . At that date Daniel Callahan was first company had no second lieutenant. Daniel B. Isaac E. Alfred Gaddis. resigned April Cavalry. and Lieut. became major of the Western battalion. Moffitt. become major of the Fifth Cavalry. of Company G. officers of the date captain.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1862. The muster out of service L. Gilbert became a second lieutenant 8. June 30. who was second. and subsequently was promoted of its to major. respectively. Company C on June 1863. and George Rogers was 1. made second lieutenant of the company January Keister went to the field as captain of 1864. then first lieutenant. Graham. January 5. Mathews. but resigned Mason became his successor and F. Wilson and William Cotton were the first and 30. Spencer be came captain August 5. Wright followed as captain resigned October 1862. who was made captain of Company F. Felix W. 1863. 1862. first lieutenant of that com pany August of 1863. 1864. and remained with the company its as its captain until first the close of service. R. John D. Shannon. 183 pany on the 9th of May. William W. Major Lemon having been pro moted and Lieut. second lieutenant. Thompson became captain of Company E on the promotion of Major McClure. 3. and 1862. Henry and resigned March 3. first. May 17. 1863. became captain of the company and continued with it until the date of its muster out of service. Gilchrist. who took Company H to the field as its captain. Paul Clark having resigned on the 20th of June. Mathew B. was discharged with the company as its cap and Louis C. resigned William J. 1863. Kelsey was this and James Calhoun was second lieutenant of muster out of service. 9. 1863. and John P. to who became his successor. Lucas. Abner Thomas W. December tain. James A. going from second and then first lieutenant. to become colonel of the Fifth Indiana George F. Long was made 5. Company E at were George M. 1862. July 1. 1862. company at the date of its George H. Herriott.
became second lieutenant September 1864. lieutenant. who was made second lieutenant May 1862. H. Douglas resigned May 1862. who had been orderly ser 1. to the captaincy of George at its Langsdale. his successor Young became pany and was mustered out with the com service. First Lieut. and was mustered out with the com first pany at the date of its discharge. 26. first Wilkinson tenant. Robert P. Oliver 23. resigned February 1862. 1864. As we muster have seen. then second. Eighth Indiana Cavalry. first who had been second and then lieutenant. lieutenant. of Company K. and Gustave Liskey was the first lieutenant of the company of at the date of its muster out and William H. and Thomas B. 1862. January 25. Green was the second lieutenant. Byron Dawson. who had first been a sergeant in the company. to organization. and George Klein resigned the same rank March 31. at the close of its term of 2. who became first lieutenant of the company J. . 1864. and Daniel White was made second lieutenant of the company on the same date. and at the date of that company out of the service Charles Hedrick. 1862. Christoph Roll. who was a lieutenant of the company. and in 1865 was transferred and made captain of Company G.184 HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALBY. and he. was made captain on the 1st of November. Charles Qualman. was captain of the company. M. became first lieutenant July 10. the company having no second lieu When Capt. who became captain was transferred Company L October Company E. was promoted first to major. and these two officers were also with the company at the date of its muster out of service. Shanklin. 1862. and Simeon too. Joseph M. Eighth Indiana Cavalry in 1865 and mustered out with that regiment. geant of the company. 1862. all the original officers of % Company I resigned in a s body. then lieutenant. Robert Klein. J. resigned first Mitchell became August 1. Powers. was transferred the Eighth Cavalry. 1.
George H. commissioned captain of 185 Company M on De its cember 11. while in the service.. Shaeffer died at Resaca. was commis sioned adjutant and served in that capacity until the muster out of the battalion in August. served with until the 15th of April. who resigned November 29. close of its service. Acci . and James H. October 21. A. 1862. continued with his company during term of service and was mustered out with it entire April 15. Thomas J. tenant from first officers of this as to was James W. Pattern. Fritz 4. 1862. George W. in North Carolina. Thomas G. Term. Accident. Haymond.. Co. other than those who died of wounds received or were killed in action. John Greiner served as com missary until May. when he resigned. of Company E. company were in James 1. Taylor. when Gamaliel S. of the company. Burns. 1862. 1864. 1862. Lieut. H. Ga. His first assistant was Luther Brosie. with this company. Dec. Beck was commissioned and was mustered out with the regiment. commissioned second lieutenant on November 3. dent. Stephens. was made assistant surgeon of the it Western battalion February 1863. and Philo G.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. who was first lieu The only changes in last. He and Dr.. 1865. 1864. or those who died in Southern prisons List of : Adams. First Lieut. left the service January 1863. and Samuel Borton. August 25. was mustered out with the company April 15. 13. Charles U. . Co. that of second lieutenant. Leslie became his successor and continued with the regiment until the surgeon. Beck served with the Eastern battalion until its muster out. 1862. Va. 1865. Murfreesborough. 1865. W. acted as adjutant of the Eastern battalion until December 27. 1863. Elias W. 1864. a sergeant of that company. men who died of disease or casualty. Knight was commissioned to fill the vacancy December 23. Fredricksburg. Thompson. 1861. Barney. and was transferred to and mustered out with the Eighth Indiana Cavalry in North Carolina.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Bucher, Chas., Co. C, Rappahannock River, Va., 1862.
Buchanan, Pleasant, Co. D, Fredrick City, Md.
Barker, Elijah, Co. D, Alexandria, Va., July
Branham, Oscar W., Co. E, Eredricksburg, Va., Aug. 24, 1862.
Bond, Benjamin, Co. F, Budds Ferry, Md., Nov. 30, 1861. Dis
Brown, Moses H.
G., Co. I, Louisville, Ky., January, 1862.
Boner, John, Co. K, Athens, Ala., Aug.
Becker, John, Co. K, Huntsville, Ala., Nov. 15, 1862.
Barth, Jacob, Co.
Fayetteville, Tenn., Dec. 19, 1863.
M, Cedar Grove.
Currie, Marion, Co.
Clark, William, Co.
Nashville, Tenn., April 22, 1865.
Dennis, Whitesil, Co.
Stevenson, Ala., Sept. 20, 1863.
Dunn, Vincent, Co. K, Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 7, 1862. Daniel, John R., Co. M, Brown County, Ind., April 11 1865.
Eurich, Benedict, Co.
Earhart, James, Co. C, Gallatin, Tenn.
Fouch, Obion, Co. G, Murfreesborough, Tenn., March 17, 1863.
Fee, James, Co.
H, Murfreesborough, Tenn., 1863.
Gue, Edward, Co.
Ky., January, 1862.
Hulley, William, Co. Heiner, Jacob, Co. G,
Acqia Creek, Va.,
May 8, 1863. Disease. Tenn., May 25, 1862. Dis
Hobbs, Jesse, Co.
Louisville, Ky., January, 1862.
Heidman, Dedrich, Co. K, Nashville, Tenn., April
Hollings worth, Isaac N., Co. L, Stevenson, Ala., Oct. 31, 1863.
Hammond, Henry C., Co. M, Fayetteville, Hama, William A., Co. Sept. 30, 1862.
Tenn., Dec. 14, 1863.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Koenig, Daniel, Co. K, Huntsville, Ala., Aug. 24, 1862.
Knecht, Clemens, Co. K, Nashville, Tenn., April 26, 1862.
Lopp, Charles H., Co. H, Evansville, Ind., May 15, 1862. Lee, Eobert D. F., Co. I, Louisville, Ky., June, 1862. Disease.
Lipsey, John, Co.
Lee, Elisha, Co.
Indianapolis, Jan. 29, 1863.
Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 4, 1863.
Co. A, Dec. 11, 1863.
McKinsey, Eesin K., Co. H, Kingston, Ga., Sept.
McGuffin, William A., Co.
Meyer, William, Co. K,
Mayhew, Samuel W.,
Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 30, 1864.
C., April, 1865.
Overholtzen, John, Co.
H, Corinth, Tenn., June
Pickett, Alfred, Co. C, Jan. 15, 1864.
Plenn, Abram, Co. C.
William D., Co. D, Brandy Station, Va., Jan.
Porter, Gillett, Co. D, Washington, D. C.,
24, 1864. Disease.
Puckett, Samuel F., Co. F, Washington, D. C., July 9, 1863.
Parkhurst, Washington, Co.
Sandtown, Ga., Sept.
Pavy, Henry C. Eoberts, Kobert W., Co. A, Budds Ferry, Md., March
Kitchel, Curtis C., Co. E,
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Russey, Ithamer W., Co. G, Chattanooga, Term., Aug. 22, 1864.
Rogers, George H.,Co. G, Thorntown, Ind., June
Louisville, Ky., Jan. 28, 1862.
Rickard, James, Co.
Maxwell, Ky., October, 1862.
Reed, Theodore, Co. L, Feb. 12, 1863.
Smock, David, Co. E, Fredricksburg, Va., Aug. 8, 1862. Sebern, Cornelius, Co. G, St. Louis, Mo., June 28, 1862.
Snow, John, Co. G, Edinburg, Ind., March 20, 1862.
Stamper, John, Co.
Murfreesborough, Term., April 21, 1863.
Indianapolis, July 21, 1863.
Ga., Aug. 25, 1864.
Trowbridge, Enoch, Co. C, Washington, Oct. 12, 1862.
Townsend, Isaac, Co. E, Rockville, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. Disease. Thompson, John W., Co. F, Washington, D. C., July 14, 1862.
M, Cumberland Gap,
Tenn., Feb. 15,
Tufts, Louis, Co.
July 15, 1864.
Vansickle, James, Co. M., Knoxville, Tenn., Dec. 19, 1864.
Wright, James M., Co. A, Baltimore, Md., Sept.
William, Winchell, Co. F, Budds Ferry, Md., Nov. 30, 1861.
West, Robert C., Co. G, Indianapolis, Ind., Jan.
Wilkinson, George M., Co.
Louisville, Ky., Oct. 18, 1863.
Wenner, Joseph, Co.
Whithead, William H., Co. M, Fayetteville, Dec. 27, 1863.
Wiseman, Henry W., Co.
Aug. 12, 1862.
a list of the
men who were
killed or died of
wounds received in
action, with dates and locations
Adams, George Adams, James
K, Murfreesborough, Tenn., July
Co. A, Culpepper, Va., Sept. 13, 1863.
Atkinson, Joseph M., Co. A, Yellow Tavern, June
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY.
Banks, Simeon, Co. C, Eaccoon Ford, Va., Sept. 13, 1863.
Co. C, White
Clever, George S., Co. L, Severeville, Tenn., Feb. 20, 1864.
Clements, Keuben, Co. A, Winchester, Va., Sept. 19, 1864.
Donnovan, Peter, Co. G, Nashville, Tenn., April 10, 1862.
Dunn, McKee, Co. G, Nolensville, Tenn., Dec. 27, 1862. Evans, John H., Co. B, Eappahannock Station, September, 1863.
David, Co. A, Poolesville, Md., Sept.
Ferguson, William H., Co. A, Brandy Station, Va., Aug.
Jas. D., Co. F,
White Oak Swamps, Va., June
Green, Marmaduke, Co. D, Massaponax, Va., Aug.
Gibbons, Daniel, Co. G, Stone Kiver, Ga., Dec. 31, 1862.
Heath, Samuel A., Co. C, White Oak Swamps, June 27, 1864.
Heath, Martin, Co. C, Stephensburg, Va., October, 1863.
Holbert, James A., Co. K,
Creek, Ga., Sept. 24, 1864.
Kirlin, Thomas, Co. G, Shelbyville, Tenn.,
27, 1863. 12,
Kraft, Bernard, Co. K, Little
Kennesaw River, Tenn., Jan.
O., Co. F, Gettysburg, Pa.,
Keoghler, Harvey M., Co. F, White
Lamb, Samuel, Co. C, Gettysburg, Pa., July Loder, Benjamin, Co. F, Madison C. H., Va.,
Sept. 22, 1863.
Lewis, Joseph, Co. E, Middletown, Md., Sept. 13, 1862.
Lemon, Charles, Major, Gettysburg, Pa., July
Moore, Stephen, Co. H, Nolensville, Tenn., Dec. 27, 1862.
C., Co. L, Atlanta, Ga.,
Aug. 31, 1864.
Moyer, Nicholaus, Co. K, Knoxville, Tenn., Feb. 26, 1864.
Pebler, David, Co. C,
Station, Va., Sept. 11, 1863.
Park, William, Co. E, Gettysburg, Pa., July
Quinn, James, Co. A, South Mountain, Md., Sept. 13, 1862.
Eoyce, John W., Co. G, Severeville, Tenn., Feb. 20, 1864.
1863. 13. and men of the Third Indiana Cavalry were captured by the enemy during their term of service. C. Middletown. Harney. July Lost on Steamer Sultana. Oct. 1863. 1864.. Andersonville. 23. Abram. William. Co. June 23. 1864. A. Andersonville. Andersonville. Andersonville. C. Middletown. 1864. I. Lewis. Pa. Andersonville. C. James. Kelso. Co. Andersonville. A. 23. Monroe T. May 31. July 1. Micha. Co. I. Richmond. Co. Co. Isaac. Co. McCarty. Sept. Co. June 28. 1. Andersonville. Cornelius. Co.. C.. Nov. C. Fuget. Andersonville.. Gettysburg. Md. A. Eogers. Oliver H. 1864. Fredrick City. Isaac... Lewis. Cunningham. 1864. Co. Co. June 13. John H. William W. Eichmond. 1863. 20. Greenwood. F. Co. Gettysburg. James. A. Co. April 27. Trester. 1862. Andersonville. C.. Nelmore.. Zenger. Edward. Co. 1864. 1864. Va. Smith. I. 1865 1. 1863. Bowling Green. Moore... Andersonville. Va. Martin. William. Pa. Andersonville. Norman. Andersonville. Humphreys. Williamson. 1864. M. 1864. William. D. Ky. and many of Many of the officers . Augustus. Co. D. Samuel. 1864. F. Vanarsdol. 1864. Weaver. Elijah. 1864. Feb. C.. Andersonville.. E. Co. List of Co.. Co. Andersonville. Oct. Pa. Md. February. F. Co. 1864. 1864. Story. Prentiss. 13. K. Co. Co. men who died in Southern prisons : Brindley. Ernest. Co.. 13. 1862. Va. 1863. Co.190 HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. 1. Pa. Smyrna W. 27. John. Co. Co. Co. D. E. July 1. Richard. Jesse.. C. Hollingbuc. 1864. Gettysburg. 1862. Kennedy. Nov. Co. Sept. Walter. John E. Co. : Kaney. E. Sept. George W. 1864. Va. Oct. Andersonville. F... Co. July Seever. Gettysburg. 14. Richmond. July 7. Lee. James. Joyce. James H. A. Wright.
rode out to where I and Orderly Sergeant Tracy were and gave us an order to hold our post at all hazards.The rebel cavalry again and got nearly to the was charging down the road and I lit out next timber. and Captain I Moffitt ordered us to get out of there. I said: am going to try and get . crossed the very slowly and cautiously. nearly out of breath. fifty to It was not over five minutes until the rebels advanced. our one. 1864.My May 2. ".HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. I was captured on the 5th of May. Culpepper Court House at 12 at daylight o clock at night. it was very hot and many of Captain Moffitt the boys left the skirmish line to hunt for water. at Virginia. shots. said: Flora given out. Rapidan About 8 and advanced o clock in the morning we to get formed in a fast. ". You remember we left Mine Run. field in close column and were ordered break My coffee had just come to a boil when the rebel advance ran into us. and drove the rebels back on their reserve. We received orders to mount and our regiment moved out in advance. where I found John C. We were dismounted. farther if I He I ll be goldarned if I I m going any m captured. them incurred disabilities 191 from which they never recovered. 1900. by all reason of their treatment in Southern prisons. Dear Comrade I was not in either of the scrapes men tioned by you. and the rebels were within twenty Rebel bullets fanned both sides of my face and struck on both sides of my feet for three hundred yards. One of our surviving prisoners of close this war narrates his experience in it the pages with which volume and we give it because we believe his comrades will peruse with interest: Kan. returned to homes exchanged or paroled. the one at Kelleys Ford or in the rear of Fredricksburg. had to fall back across a field feet of me when I started to run. but the service or their frightful list.Argentine. save the foregoing most of whom we it will be seen died in Andersonville. If you remember. climbed the fence and took a few ". I got safely into the next woods.. every fellow for himself.
rebel cavalry between me and our I was trying to sneak down to the right. me and did not see me. some water and took a drink Moffitt if it was as warm as dishwater. Captain Moffitt put spurs to his horse I got to where I could see there were about two squadrons of our cavalry formed across the road and I thought they would check the rebels until I got through.It looked to me as though they shot straight up in the air. I drew up for who had no arms. In five minutes there must have been a division of forces. Flora. Capt. saw me. and ambu lances and wounded men began coming back single file. 7 I got to the edge of the woods. and then broke like panic-stricken sheep. there. came to within about twenty-five yards of me and asked any more of our boys were with and when me and I told him about John and got out of C. I possibly can. The rebel in the rear was walking and leading All the rest passed by his which had been wounded. Well. you have the advantage of me in numbers. my carbine to shoot him. to Orange Court House the first day and camped for The the night.We to the interior of rebeldom. horse. and I walked out and said: Boys. The last time his cries drew the attention of his comrades. and I thought to myself that different tune from what you sang last night when you bragged . where there were some small pine bushes. but this rear fellow. So all my hopes vanished and I was doomed to be a prisoner of war. ". found . next morning the ball opened early. robbed me of my watch and hat and gave me one of their limp cotton hats with about as us (Bradley and me) to the much shape They took provost marshal and from there we as a dishrag. they soft. the lines at night.192 through if HISTORY OF THE THIKD INDIANA CAVALBY. began our march ". but I thought of Ander- sonville and drew on him again and again. me not to do and it did seem hard. to hide until dark and then crawl through twenty rebels came But here about fifteen or with one prisoner by the name of Bradley from a Connecticut regiment. but the poor fellow pleaded it. some of went the is a wounded screaming with pain.
Then we went to work in the cook house. no doubt. about going 193 down to clean out the Yanks. I can forgive everything else but rebel treatment of our I was in the stockade about six weeks. Then they moved us out on a com mon in a suburb of the town and guarded us there like cattle four or five days more. ". some of whom were so far gone they could not get to the sinks. I have some good news for you. have read about it who were better qualified than I am to tell about it. and soon learned that the notoriety of the place had not been overesti mated. Our quar termaster sergeant and the rebel quartermaster were Masons. if better luck did not come to me. the time. One day Duncan came in with a big raw-boned. where they put us in a tobacco warehouse and kept us about two days. and then raw all prisoners of war. On the evening of the last day I was in the stockade I began to think I would soon be like them. Jim Duncan was rollcall captain of the cook house and bakery . bunk Bradley came around and said Sterrett. Then he said the rebel quar Well. where we arrived about the 16th of June.I shall not try at this time to describe the sights I saw and the treatment our boys received. all the Masons in detachment and report at the gate at 9 o clock the next morn I replied : I guess 7 we will be there on time/ We were all sent to Captain Wirtz headquarters if and signed an agreement that we behaved ourselves and did not try to run away we would be sent off with the first exchange of prisoners of war.Bradley. ".HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. what is it ? : 7 termaster ordered our quartermaster to hunt up his ing. The second day we or five days reached Gordonsville. When I was scarcely able to crawl into the ". . Then they loaded us into cattle cars and started us to Andersonville. in books by comrades You. David Atherton and I bunked together and the three of us had one blanket. I took chronic diarrhrea like many of the men. Our rations were cooked one day and raw the next. where we remained four and then went to Danville. we had every night and morning.
He was a saloon keeper and held the office of jailer. milk. from Andersonville. There was also an Irishman by the name of Patrick O Conner of the Eleventh IT. S.194 HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Just as I had finished my supper I said to the old man: Land s. They began to treat us. I have a son in a Northern prison and if you should get back and have the chance and treat him as I have treated you I will be re paid. honey and meat. cook house. said the old man. we were recaptured by old soldiers who had been wounded at the front. and ordered our sup pers at an old planter butter. enough to ". the county seat of Stewart county. the tale and that I did not think he would ever have the I had them hot opportunity of going into the slave business. what are we going to do about this supper? We are the poorest guests that you could possibly have. cornbread. Regulars. and Frank had managed in some way smuggle some money into the stockade. and had Duncan On the 5th of September five of us ran off confiscate it.Arriving there the guards turned us over to the sheriff or jailer. who made come out the remark that cotton was king and was bound slave trade to victorious. m. prisoner named Frank Turner and I were bunk mates to at the . and when we . It was Sunday evening and there were several in to see us. boys. Georgia. and when the Southern States gained their independence he was going into the would tell I told him a year and ship negroes from Africa. Well. whom the rebels had taken outside as a detective to prevent the prisoners from trading with the negroes or anyone else outside the stockade. Turner bought a sack of flour and O Conner got on to it. We ve got the supper and appreciate it very much. which exempted him from military service. They were jolly good fellows and sent a man ahead to Lumpkin. We had lord. and they found out I was a Mason and I felt pretty well. ". and we thought it was the best supper we had ever seen. So we thanked the old man and set out for Lumpkin. burly fellow with side arms.A bite a nail in two. and on the fourth day about 4 p.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. We beauty traveled two or three miles before breakfast and then continued all the d its on our journey. as we were all bare footed. their At noon we stopped for a rest and the guards set get corn for their horses. Ga. Our next of jail ness. and when they brought us out an old German shoemaker. large lots and nice shade trees. We stopped the first night on the bank of the Chattahoochie and were guarded by citizens in charge of a corporal of the home militia. but we had the best fare and kindest jailer treatment of any place in the South. doing quite an extensive busi place told the came and man in charge of us to turn us over to him and he would be responsible for us. The boys thought it would only be the worse for us. One old farmer came to see us and brought with him a bucketful of nice hot with the jailer and had him justice to the biscuits. That night when they thought we were asleep they river cursed us for arose in all d Yankees. The compelled to go into was afraid of losing his job and being the army. Some of our friends tried to get the jailer to leave the jail unlocked and let us get away. let biscuits. and we were put back in jail. The old man told us he was in sympathy with the South but that he respected our views. and we greatly appreciated his kindness..Lumpkin is a beautiful place. The next morning the sun and we trudged on towards Columbus. He took us to his shoe shop and gave each of us a pair of shoes and socks. guns down in a fence corner and climbed over the fence to They were completely in our hands and I pleaded with the boys to take their guns and we would march them awhile. . for prisoners of war. The old man finally left us ". so I gave it up. started to jail 195 were feeling pretty rich. air. was Columbus. We were then started to Columbus and had an awful trip walking in the loose sand. so He came could do us out for fresh we And they were the only biscuits we ever full got to see in the Confederacy. for people in different sections of the country would have different views.
to a good place to get paid for some of your He passed right on and would not talk to me. We had not been there long until my old friend in. and. a short time after this the rebels wanted ". tired I took us we reached Columbus.In to build some bar So they came inside to see if there were any Yankee carpenters. and I was so could hardly drag one foot after the other. but they would not work without terms. racks and they had no carpenters. I thought you liked the rebels said. They told the post car penter they had four other comrades in the stockade. on several of his found him. my friend O So one morning all but two left to run the blockade Conner and a big burly Englishman remained. too well to leave them. southeast of Macon. viz. Henry C. Knowles.That HlSTOEY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. . Oh/ he I did not like them as well you might suppose. further. They took out the two first one day. came walking as I said Conner. a few days after this the rebels issued an order that any of allegiance to the Confederacy Yankee taking the oath and all would be protected by the law of the State and not subject to military duty. Well/ I you have come meanness. said.In all got out. that we had stuck together through thick and thin and they would not go out and work unless they took the other four and let us stay outside and not go back in the stockade of nights while we were there. There were six of us. The corporal with him to hunt up the provost marshal and.196 ". Freeman Sands. but did not receive the at to same kind treatment we did Lumpkin. after calling night about dusk relatives. Ga. Their wishes were granted and we ". We were here about two weeks and were then sent There we were put in the old stockade fair ground. We were sent to jail for safe keeping. foreigners who should take the oath should have the same privilege of citizenship. if they would take the chances of running the blockade. of the Eleventh Regulars. H. C. . they would send them to their own country. Frank Twist. Macon. for about six weeks. Pat : O Conner. John Lovell.. Hartwell and myself.
Our quarters were in the south end and O Conner and the Englishman were in the north end. walking up. mind and I jumped to ask. I He grabbed up a two-by-four piece of scantling about three feet long . took my blanket and went over and laid down friend in the first bunk I came to evening. I gave him another with the flat side of the scantling on the and you could have heard it three hundred yards away. I had raised his began and he made for me. I had an awful shake of the ague that forenoon and our only quarters ". says: What the hell my bunk? I told him about my shake and he A bunk that is worth having is then that sack of flour came into feet my worth asking for. ire. and laid there until late in the I followed his advice. and gave him one he landed about ten feet away on the west side of the foundation and.My esteemed friend Pat O were a shed open to the south. you were not here is but don think for a minute there to pull his coat. About this time my O are you doing in said: Conner came in and. The sills were mortised to gether and about two feet high. told me to take a blanket and go over and lie in the quarters of all O he thought they had gone to Conner and the Englishman. as run the blockade that morning. comrades jumped on me and stopped it. who had come in at noon. That blow would have mashed his head to a jelly. I took the intermittent fever and was awful sick for several days. 197 Our quarters were inside the foundation of a commissary build ing the rebels had started to build. 7 Just to my t and said: Pat Conner. when the boys came from work. We had no correspondence with them.HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. Finally I got better and I gpt out of the hospital and in two or three days after I had a hard shake of the ague. Conner was up in Macon with some of his Irish friends and got drunk enough to want to fight. . I was making the third blow across his forehead when three of the seat. trembled like a dying calf. raising his feet over his head. and Frank Twist. for anybody here afraid of you. The sun shone in on me.
as they are without exception the best boys in the stockade. We completed our job at Colum bus and went back to Macon. of Alabama. O Conner was sent to the hospital and I was there off and on and saw him.. Captain Hurtell. After the surrender I never saw him again. We got the papers every day and we did not Before we fied that see a left word about the exchange of prisoners in them. I saw the gunboat the rebels had built and could not launch.Our me and talked carpenter work at Macon did not last long.We money we wanted to next got orders to return to buy sweet potatoes with. his house the next morning and go to work. to to The next morning Captain Hurtell came over me more like a brother than a rebel officer. all and reported me. We went and had a good time. ". He finally got up and went Masons. general exchange of prisoners. Frank Twist and Knowles went about . Macon that there was to be a .198 a HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. to build a platform between two railroads. Johnson also came in and wanted to know if there were any blacksmiths there and we told him there were two wanted a buggy repaired and asked us to come over to of us. A Dr. ter s friends that cut. Kilpatrick came through there on a raid and burned the mill we got our lumber from and part of us were sent with the post carpenter to Columbus. did lots of work and got all the confederate ". We went to . We We learned through our headquarfive Mr. Captain Hurtell and the post surgeon were to to them and told them O comrades his Conner and how he had played traitor with his own Captain Hurtell told O Conner he had better attend to ? 7 own business and keep sober and he would not have any trouble with the boys. Ga. had a good time down there. to we were come to her house and she would keep me and the rebels would not find me. so the freight could be moved from one railroad to the other on trucks. He We repaired his buggy. Columbus a widow lady told me if I was not satis to be exchanged. Gruber wanted hundred cords of wood and that he would furnish us rations and give so much a cord for cutting.
HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. They were run getting ready to send us to An dersonville. and we went to work cutting wood. so it we started to off and traveled part of one night. seems. So in about a week we were sent it to Thomasville. going by way of Albany. The pass was a copy of the kind of passes the rebels had given us be went out in the country to cut wood and there we found out that there really was an exchange of prisoners agreed upon and that the department commandants at Macon had been changed. Frank Twist and H. So. the rebels as prisoners in a short time. had informed them as he expected to have would be no further exchanging. and we went there by train and reported to Captain Wirtz. G. Knowles had been planning to escape and had made the necessary arrangements and left the same night. where we camped by the at largest spring I ever saw. but send us off with the first prisoners exchanged. 199 Macon and but as reported. and he treated if us with great respect and offered to do anything for us stay in Macon. and I showed them our pass and the militia said we were all right. We Sands and I counseled together as to the best thing to do and con cluded to go to General Pillow in Macon and report to him that we had been working as paroled prisoners of war. handing him General Pillow s instructions not to place us in the stockade. Ga. we started back to Andersonville.The day after we left Albany we reached Andersonville and noon were standing in front of Captain Wirtz headquarters to . fore. we all s had places I finally wrote a pass and forged s the general and adjutant-general names to it. When we that there all got there General Grant. was very wet and we were wholly unprepared for such a trip. we had no rations. saying if we would to stay in to we went home we would have in the army and if we remained Macon we would not have go in the army. Lovett also had a place to to stop. downcast. so Hartwell A. stay. ". tion to But he gave us three days rations and transporta Andersonville. The militia never bothered us but once. I went back and went to the woman who had volunteered her services.
Seventeenth Indiana and I told them that was where at when home.200 be counted HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. and was appointed to take charge of and distribute the rations to the twenty men that Here we got word that Lee had surrendered. You re all now and the whole Confederacy has surrendered. I did. you d d Yankee 7 s. 1865. I had walked back to Macon and re home of my intended mother-in-law.about eight hun I belonged to.On quartermaster. On that who boarded me. yelled. They marched us down to the depot and halted us until . You guessed They told me they be to four or five of the Seventeenth Indiana Mounted Infantry. and then to Camp Chase. Ohio. as I have told you. off in detachments of one hundred each and the one hundred men were divided into messes of twenty each. for you see while I was cutting wood near Macon. ". On the 7th day of May. gave three cheers and said : They pulled right off their hats. 1865. then to in about ten days afterward we were Annapolis. Thursday after I returned to Macon. . I sat down on the platform at the last depot. Captain Wirtz came up in front of us and the words s s I ever heard of b ".I visited to Georgia my home in Indiana for a few days and went back after my wife and returned home and went to work. Johnny/ and I said my name when longed I belonged I am in God s country. General Wilson took the city and on the Saturday following I reported to the general ". and told them I was from Andersonville. where I was mustered out of service on the 28th day of June. I was also courting the girl of the lady to be married. struck a beeline up the railroad and at 2 o clock in the after noon was at Flint River. and we were engaged walk from Andersonville to Macon I met They them. on Friday night at 2 ported at the m. I was in the first one hundred and in the second mess. How to the are you. If ever a poor fellow traveled. ten miles away. I left Andersonville at noon on Thursday and p. dred men were counted off.I him speak were : Attention. I was married and sent to Washington.
through my prison the present time. 1839. on the 29th of December. so I can return there in case of emergency.That s Home. Kansas. on a rail road section. 1864. pos fifteen years longer sible to than I expected to think it go on that much longer.. I might just as well say I it waiting my up appointed time. .".HISTORY OF THE THIRD INDIANA CAVALRY. when may be said of me: am He fought the good is he has kept the faith. Fayette county. comrade. Ind. except for a time I was an inmate of the State Soldier ". and sixty-one years of age. my spend my If small boys were old time at the Home and have gone through many adversities live. and nice home. go to the Home make and take a enough visit ". but had up on account of my health. and in I think I shall am pretty well worked down.I to their through the way I would summer season. Missouri. H.My wife died on the 12th of November. rest. ". at Dodge City. but out of the way. Her name was going on a state Josephine Braddock. that shall never fade. so I took a discharge from there and made application to the National Home at Fort Leavenworth. am now Well. carpenter work. and streets. where I stayed two years. ". always working at to give it my trade as blacksmith. then coming to this part of the country. ". until 1878 and then went to Lincoln county. Since I came here I have worked at life is to do. 1893. I have made you ment of life my to down from the 5th of May. now. everything there I have worked in a smelter. I take a is a pretty place furlough and have it renewed when it runs out. 201 I lived in Columbia. fight. STERRETT. and have I don t lived. on the a stone quarry. Indiana. where I am still a member. I was born at Everton. and henceforth there laid for him a crown. where I have been since. THE END.Your comrade. I then went to Andrew county.J. at stone work.
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