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How heat treatment alters properties of steel ? Ans: The shape and distribution of the carbides in the iron determines the hardness of the steel. Carbides can be dissolved in austenite is the basis of the heat treatment of steel. If steel is heated above the A critical temperature to dissolve all the carbides, and then cooled, suitable cooling through the cooling range will produce the desired size and distribution of carbides in the ferrite, imparting different properties. 2.)What is the difference between streamline body and bluff body ? Ans: In streamline body the shape is such that separation in flow occurs past the nearmost part of the body so that wake formed is small and thus friction drag is much greater than pressure drag. In bluff body the flow gets separated much ahead of its rear resulting in large wake and thus pressure drag is much greater than the friction drag. 3.)Define hydraulically efficient channel cross section. Ans: The shape of such section is that which produces minimum wetted perimeter for a given area of flow and carries maximum flow. Scavenging air in diesel engine means (a) air used for combustion sent under pres-sure (b) forced air for cooling cylinder (c) burnt air containing products of com-bastion (d) air used for forcing burnt gases out of engine's cylinder during the exhaust period. THE RIGHT ANSWER IS"(d) air used for forcing burnt gases out of engine's cylinder during the exhaust period."

FIRE TUBE BOILERS : In fire tube boiler, hot gases pass through the tubes and boiler feed water in the shell side is converted into steam. Fire tube boilers are generally used for relatively small steam capacities and low to medium steam pressures. As a guideline, fire tube boilers are competitive for steam rates up to 12,000 kg/hour and pressures up to 18 kg/cm2. Fire tube boilers are available for operation with oil, gas or solid fuels. For economic reasons, most fire tube boilers are nowadays of packaged construction (i.e. manufacturers shop erected) for all fuels. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING JOB INTERVIEW QUESTIONS:1.)Why steam is in open space and water inside tube in condensers used in power plants ? Ans: Overall heat transfer coefficient can be increased by increasing velocity of water in tube. Further

steam needs more space due to higher specific volume. 2.)In what connection Wilson line and Willan's line used ? Ans: Wilson line represents saturation line on the Mollier diagram. Willan's line is connected with determination of frictional power in IC engines. 3.)Which cycle is used in vapour compression and gas cycle refrigerantion system ? Ans: Brayton cycle, and Bell-Coleman cycle. 4.)What is radiosity ? Ans: It is the rate at which radiation leaves a surface. An Otto cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle which describes the functioning of a typical spark ignition reciprocating piston engine, the thermodynamic cycle most commonly found in automobile engines. The processes are described by Process 1-2 is an isentropic compression of the air as the piston moves from bottom dead centre (BDC) to top dead centre (TDC). Process 2-3 is a constant-volume heat transfer to the air from an external source while the piston is at top dead centre. This process is intended to represent the ignition of the fuel-air mixture and the subsequent rapid burning. Process 3-4 is an isentropic expansion (power stroke). Process 4-1 completes the cycle by a constant-volume process in which heat is rejected from the air while the piston is a bottom dead centre. For more stay updated to Mechanical Engineers Rocks. Don't forget to join our new page Automobiles and Engines with Zeeshan Ali Khan and 2 others.

The ease with which a liquid vapourises is called its a. Volatility b. Octane rating c. Vapourability THE RIGHT ANSWER IS "a. Volatility" MECHANICAL ENGINEERING JOB INTERVIEW QUESTIONS:1.)What is the name given to process of removing non condensables in steam and other vapor cycles ? Ans: Deaeration process. 2.). We often come across use of jet pumps in process industry ? What is the reason for this ? Ans: Jet pumps are easy to maintain and can be used to transport gases, liquids and mixtures of both. 3.)When it can be said that a fluid is Newtonian ? Ans: When the shear stress is directly proportional to velocity gradient. 4.)Out of 2 stroke SI engine, 4 stroke SI engine, and 4 stroke CI engine, how the brake thermal efficiency behaves if these are to be used for road vehicles ?

Ans: 4 stroke CI engine has highest brake thermal efficiency followed by 4 stroke SI engine and the 2 stroke SI has lowest brake thermal efficiency. The power used in overcoming friction in the engine is called a. FHP b. BHP c. IHP THE RIGHT ANSWER IS "a. FHP" MECHANICAL ENGINEERING JOB INTERVIEW QUESTIONS:1.)What is operating pressure? Ans.-Operating pressure is the standard level of pressure a system operates under, usually within a fairly narrow range of tolerances. 2.)Explain Otto cycle. Ans.-An Otto cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle which describes the functioning of a typical spark ignition reciprocating piston engine,the thermodynamic cycle most commonly found in automobile engines.he Otto cycle consists of adiabatic compression, heat addition at constant volume, adiabatic expansion, and rejection of heat at constant volume. 3.)What is annealing? Ans.-The steady heating of a metal at a certain temperature above the recrystallization phase followed by a gradual cooling process is called annealing. 4.)What is Carburizing? Ans.-A surface hardening method that heats metal within a carbon-rich environment to increase carbon levels on the metal surface for added hardness is called Carburizing. A spark plug (sometimes in British English a sparking plug, colloquially a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine. A spark plug has a metal threaded shell, electrically isolated from a central electrode by a porcelain insulator. The central electrode, which may contain a resistor, is connected by a heavily insulated wire to the output terminal of an ignition coil or magneto. The spark plug's metal shell is screwed into the engine's cylinder head and thus electrically grounded. The central electrode protrudes through the porcelain insulator into the combustion chamber, forming one or more spark gaps between the inner end of the central electrode and usually one or more protuberances or structures attached to the inner end of the threaded shell and designated the "side", "earth", or "ground" electrode(s). Spark plugs may also be used for other purposes; in Saab Direct Ignition when they are not firing, spark plugs are used to measure ionization in the cylinders - this ionic current measurement is used to replace the ordinary cam phase sensor, knock sensor and misfire measurement function.[citation needed] Spark

plugs may also be used in other applications such as furnaces wherein a combustible fuel/air mixture must be ignited. In this case, they are sometimes referred to as flame igniters. For more join Mechanical Engineers Rocks. Don't forget to join our new page Automobiles and Engines with Kuldeep Panchal and 21 others.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING JOB INTERVIEW QUESTIONS :1.)What are two essential conditions of perfect gas ? Ans: It satisfies equation of state and its specific heats are constant. 2.). Enthalpy and entropy are functions of one single parameter. Which is that ? Ans: Temperature. 3.)What is caustic embrittlement ? Ans: It is the actual physical change in metal that makes it extremely brittle and filled with minute cracks. It occurs particularly in the seams of rivetted joints and around the rivet holes. 4.)Why large boilers are water tube type ? Ans: Water tube boilers raise steam fast because of large heat transfer area and positive water circulation. Thus they respond faster to fluctuations in demand. Further single tube failure does not lead to catastrophy. Modulus of rigidity is defined as the ratio of

(a) longitudinal stress and longitudinal strain (b) volumetric stress and volumetric strain (c) lateral stress and lateral strain (d) shear stress and shear strain 1.)What is Carnot engine? Ans.-Carnot engine is an hypothetical engine which works on Carnot cycle, it has two isothermal and adiabatic processes. It has efficiency equal to the T2/T1 which is maximum for every heat engine and is impossible to attain. 2.)Why Involutes Curve used in Gear? Ans.-In volute curves are used in the gears because>They are easy to manufacture compare to cycloidal since they are made up of single curve >The change in center distance between gears within limit does not cause change in velocity ratio >The pressure angle remains constant throughout the path of contact which ensures the smooth motion. this pressure angle varies in cycloidal curve. 3.)What is the difference between shaper and planner ? Ans.->Shaper has one tool head wherear planner has more than one tool head. >In shaper, workpiece is stationary and tool reciprocates with ram. Whereas in planner ,workpiece rotate and tool stationary. >Shaper is used for light work whereas planner is used for heavy work. Brayton cycle:The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle that describes the workings of a constant pressure heat engine. Gas turbine engines and airbreathing jet engines use the Brayton Cycle. Ideal Brayton cycle: >isentropic process - ambient air is drawn into the compressor, where it is pressurized. >isobaric process - the compressed air then runs through a combustion chamber, where fuel is burned, heating that aira constant-pressure process, since the chamber is open to flow in and out. >isentropic process - the heated, pressurized air then gives up its energy, expanding through a turbine (or series of turbines). Some of the work extracted by the turbine is used to drive the compressor. >isobaric process - heat rejection (in the atmosphere). For more updates join Mechanical Engineers Rocks.

Quick Notes:What is heat transfer and explain various modes of heat transfer? Ans.-Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy and heat between physical systems. The three modes of heat transfer are:(i)Conduction (ii)Convection (iii)Radiation (i)Conduction Heat conduction occurs as hot, rapidly moving or vibrating atoms and molecules interact with neighboring atoms and molecules, transferring some of their energy (heat) to these neighboring particles.Conduction is the most significant means of heat transfer within a solid or between solid objects in thermal contact. (ii)Convection Convective heat transfer, or convection, is the transfer of heat from one place to another by the movement of fluids, a process that is essentially the transfer of heat via mass transfer.Convection is usually the dominant form of heat transfer in liquids and gases. (iii)Radiation Thermal radiation is energy emitted by matter as electromagnetic waves, due to the pool of thermal energy in all matter with a temperature above absolute zero. Thermal radiation propagates without the presence of matter through the vacuum of space.Thermal radiation is a direct result of the random movements of atoms and molecules in matter. For more join Mechanical Engineers Rocks.

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Cylinder block :A cylinder block is an integrated structure comprising the cylinder(s) of a reciprocating engine and often some or all of their associated surrounding structures (coolant passages, intake and exhaust passages and ports, and crankcase). The main functions of cylinder block we can mention as the following:* it hold lubrication passages so we can say it have lubrication system inside. * holding other engine component pistons ,cylinders and oil pump. * hold crankshaft and camshaft that convert rotating motion to reciprocating motion. For more stay tuned to Mechanical Engineers Rocks. Don't forget to join our new page Automobiles and Engines If diesel engines are more efficient why do most cars and bikes have gasoline engines? Ans.Due to following reasons:1. Diesel engines, because they have much higher compression ratios (20:1 for a typical diesel vs. 8:1 for a typical gasoline engine), tend to be heavier than an equivalent gasoline engine. 2. Diesel engines also tend to be more expensive. 3. Diesel engines must be fuel injected, and in the past fuel injection was expensive and less reliable. 4. Diesel engines tend to produce more smoke and "smell funny."

5. Diesel engines are much noisier and tend to vibrate.If diesel engines are more efficient why do most cars and bikes have gasoline engines?