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Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i Tineretului Centrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

Examenul de bacalaureat 2008 Proba E/F Proba scris la Limba englez L1 normal L2 Toate subiectele sunt obligatorii. Se acord 10 puncte din oficiu. Timpul efectiv de lucru este de 3 ore. (30 puncte) Varianta 074

Read the text below and complete the following tasks.

What exactly is cloning? According To the Human Genetics Advisory Commission, cloning is defined as producing a cell or organism with the same nuclear genome as another cell or organism. (1). Some mammals have successfully been cloned, but humans have not. So, why are some scientists so keen to clone human cells? (2). Scientists believe that in the future we will be able to clone human organs such as the heart, liver and kidneys which we will be able to use in transplant operations. They also think that cloning will help us get rid of genetic diseases and will allow infertile couples to have children. However, most scientists are against human cloning at present because they argue it is not safe. It took 272 attempts before the cloning of Dolly and she has not enjoyed good health since her birth. (3). But what if we are able to solve the safety issues? Will human cloning be acceptable then? Many politicians and religious leaders say no. There are both political and ethical arguments against human cloning. Some religious groups say that cloning would allow us to play God: to determinate the sex and even the height of our children. They say this is morally wrong. (4). Cloning could also produce a black market for embryos. Unless all the countries of the world make human cloning illegal, we are likely to see more and more attempts at human cloning in the near future. 1. Four sentences have been removed from the text. Select the appropriate sentence for each gap in the text. There is one sentence that does not fit. 4 points A. Others argue that clones will suffer severe psychological problems when they learn they have been cloned. B. Basically, that means that a clone is a living being with exactly the same DNA as another living being. C. First of all, is important to understand that cloning human cells does not necessarily mean that you make a new human being. D. At present, we do not have the technology to safely clone humans. E. And religious organisations such as Catholic Church will continue to argue that the cloning of humans is morally indefensible. 2. What/Who do the words in bold refer to? 3. Give the antonyms of the following words. 1. successful 2. infertile 3. wrong 4. early 4. Answer the following questions. A. Could the cloning of humans have medical benefits? B. Is it currently safe to clone a human? C. Could there be numerous drawbacks to human cloning? 6 points 10 points 5. illegal 6 points

Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i Tineretului Centrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

5. In your own words, comment on the role of the scientist in the modern world. Is the role of the scientist simply to discover new things? Or are scientists at all responsible for what uses their discoveries are put to? (50 words) 4 points