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Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i Tineretului Centrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

Examenul de bacalaureat 2008 Proba E/F Proba scris la Limba englez L1 normal L2 Toate subiectele sunt obligatorii. Se acord 10 puncte din oficiu. Timpul efectiv de lucru este de 3 ore. (30 puncte) Varianta 083

Read the text below and complete the following tasks.

It makes planes fall from the sky! It causes explosions at petrol stations! ... (1) It helps terorists! (2) Why, the mobile phone of course. Mobile phones do not make planes crash. Their use in the air is banned because it would interfere with mobile networks on the ground. What of explosions of petrol stations? They are mostly caused by static electricity ; the ban on phones was introduced by overcautious oil firms in the 1980s despite the lack of any evidence of danger. There is no credible evidence between mobile phones and cancer. It is true that terrorists use mobile phones. But they also use electricity and cars. (3) There is a contradiction here : mobile phones are indispensable, yet they have also given rise to a bundle of curious fears. (4) In the 19th century people worried that telegraph wires were affecting the weather or were a form of black magic. Trains were thought to cause nervous disorder. More recently, people have worried about the health effects of overhead power lines, microwave ovens, and radiation from computer monitors. Years of research have failed to find evidence of harm. So the reaction to mobile phones is merely the latest example of a familiar pattern. As new techologies emerge, the pattern repeats itself. 1. Four sentences/groups of words have been removed from the text. Select the appropriate sentence/ group of words for each gap in the text. There is one extra sentence/group of words which you do not need to use. 4 points A. But it is quite normal for successful technologies to cause concern when they are first introduced. B. Why single out phones? C. What is this terrible device? D. It gives you cancer! E. Mobile phones are useful to all of us. 2. Who/What do the words in bold refer to? 3. Give the synonyms of the following words. A. overcautious B. true C. fear D. health E. familiar 4. Answer the following questions: A. What is the real cause of explosions at the petrol stations? B. Which is the main device used by terrorists? C. What were the telegraph wires thought to be in the 19th century? 5. Comment on the following sentence: As new techologies emerge, the pattern repeats itself. (50 words) 4 points 6 points 10 points

6 points