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Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i Tineretului Centrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

Examenul de bacalaureat 2008 Proba E/F Proba scris la Limba englez L1 normal L2 Toate subiectele sunt obligatorii. Se acord 10 puncte din oficiu. Timpul efectiv de lucru este de 3 ore. (30 puncte) Varianta 092

Read the text below and complete the following tasks.

One way of learning how something works is to disassemble it, finding out (1)? People do much the same thing with complex issues, events, ideas, and phenomena of all types. That is, they break the complex whole into its component parts to gain a better understanding of the whole. This process of breaking things into their component parts is called analysis. Analysis in expository writing explains a subject by dividing it into its component parts and showing how they are related. The writer, in a sense, puts back together that (2). The process illustrates the saying: Knowledge comes from taking things apart; wisdom comes from putting them back together. The method of analysis to use depends greatly on the subject and the purpose of the writer. For example, a written analysis of a racing car engine would be structured differently from an analysis of the Civil War. And the Civil War (3) would require a different method of analysis than the Civil War looked at from the standpoint of its effect upon family life in the South. In our society, an entire group of writers does nothing but write reviews that analyse works of art, dance, film, theatre, and literature. And there are a lot of people interested in culture (4) and many students who are often called upon to review works of literature. (Cosmo Ferrara-The art of writing) 1. Four sentences have been removed from the text. Select the appropriate sentence for each gap in the text. There is one extra sentence that does not fit. 4 points A. which has been broken down into components to shed light on the whole. B. looked at from a standpoint of relevant military strategies C. what each part does and how each relates to the others D. that enables the reader to understand a very complex phenomenon E. for whom reading these reviews is a mainstay 2. Who/what do the words in bold refer to? 6 points

3. Give the antonyms of the following words. 1. complex 2. to gain 3. better 4. different 5. interested 4. Answer the following questions.

10 points

6 points

A. Which is the definition of the word analysis in the writers opinion? B. What does the method of analysis depend on? C. What examples does the author give in order to illustrate the differences in the method of analysis? 5. Comment on the following sentence: Knowledge comes from taking things apart; wisdom comes from putting them back together. (50 words) 4 points