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TRANSPORTATION LAW

Second Semester, SY 2013-2014


Course Outline
1. CONCEPT OF TRANSPORTATION / COMMON CARRIER:
a. Governing Laws:
i. Republic Act 386 (Hereinafter NCC): Article 1732,
1766.
b. Concept / Elements of Common Carrier
i. Fabre v. Court of Appeals, 259 SCRA 426, G.R. No.
111127, July 26, 1996.
ii. Calvo v. UCPB Insurance, 379 SCRA 510,G.R. No.
148496, March 19, 2002.
iii. Guzman v. Court of Appeals, 168 SCRA 612, G.R. No.
L-47822, December 22, 1988.
iv. Bascos v. Court of Appeals, 221 SCRA 318, G.R. No.
G.R. No. 101089, April 7, 1993.
v. FGU Insurance v. Sarmiento, 386 SCRA 312, G.R. No.
141910, August 6, 2002.
vi. Planters Products v. Court of Appeals, 226 SCRA 476,
G.R. No. 101503, 15 September 1993.
vii. First Philippine Industrial v. Court of Appeals, 300
SCRA 661, G.R. No. 125948 December 29, 1998.
viii. Schmitz v. Transportation Venture, 456 SCRA 557,
G.R. No. 150255, April 22, 2005.
ix. Sanchez Brokerage v. Court of Appeals, 447 SCRA
427, G.R. 147079, December 21, 2004.
x. Crisostomo v. Court of Appeals, 409 SCRA 528, G.R.
No. 138334, August 25, 2003.
c. Liability of Common Carrier
i. BA Finance v. Court of Appeals, 215 SCRA 715, G.R.
No. 98275, 13 November 1992.
ii. Benedicto v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 187 SCRA
547, G.R. No. 70876, 19 July 1990.
iii. Equitable v. Suyom, 388 SCRA 445, G.R. No. 143360,
July 5, 2002.

2. TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS
a. Governing Law
i. NCC, Article 1733 to 1753.
b. Extraordinary Diligence (NCC Art. 1733)
i. Eastern Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 196 SCRA 570,
G.R. No. 94151 April 30, 1991.
ii. Delsan Transport v. Court of Appeals, 369 SCRA 24,
G.R. No. 127897, November 15, 2001.
iii. Philippine Charter v. Chemoil, 463 SCRA 202, G.R.
No. 161833, July 08, 2005.
iv. Saludo v. Court of Appeals, 207 SCRA 498, G.R. No.
95536, March 23, 1992.
v. Lorenzo Shipping v. BJ Marthel, 443 SCRA 163, G.R.
No. 145483, November 19, 2004.
vi. Sealoader Shipping v. Grand Cement Manufacturing,
638 SCRA 488, G.R. Nos. 167363 & 177466,
December 15, 2010.
c. Duration of Responsibility (NCC Art. 1736-38)
i. Mitusi Lines v. Court of Appeals, 287 SCRA 366, G.R.
No. 119571, March 11, 1998.
ii. Sulpicio v. First Lepanto, 462 SCRA 125, G.R. No.
140349, June 29, 2005.
iii. Coastwise Lighterage v. Court of Appeals, 245 SCRA
796, G.R. No. 114167 July 12, 1995
iv. Philippine First Insurance v. Wallem First Shipping,
582 SCRA 457, G.R. No. 165647, March 26, 2009.
d. Presumption of Negligence (NCC Art. 1735)
i. Delsan Transport v. American Home, G.R. No.
149019, August 15, 2006.
ii. Maersk Lines v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 108, G.R.
94761, May 17, 1993.
iii. FGU Insurance v. Court of Appeals, 454 SCRA 337,
G.R. No. 137775, March 31, 2005.
iv. DSR-Senator v. Federal, 413 SCRA 14, G.R. No.
135377, October 07, 2003.
v. Philamgen v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 155, G.R.
No. 101426, May 17, 1993.

e. Defenses and Conditions (NCC Art. 1734, 1739-1743)


i. Central
Shipping
v.
Insurance
Company,
438 SCRA 511, G.R. No. 150751, September 20,
2004.
ii. Everett Steamship v. Court of Appeals, 297 SCRA
496, G.R. No. 122494, October 8, 1998.
iii. Cruz v. Sun Holidays, 622 SCRA 389, G.R. No.
186312, June 29, 2010.
f. Limited Liability (NCC Art. 1744-1753)
i. PAL v. Court of Appeals, 207 SCRA 100, G.R. No.
92501, 6 March 1992.
ii. Cathay Pacific v. Court of Appeals, 219 SCRA 520,
G.R. No. 60501, 5 March 1993.
iii. Transasia Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 254 SCRA
260, G.R. No. 118126, March 04, 1996.
3. TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS
a. Governing Law
i. NCC, Article 1754 to 1763
b. Extraordinary Diligence (NCC Art. 1755)
i. PAL v. Court of Appeals, 275 SCRA 621, G.R.
No.120262, 17 July 1997.
ii. Jesusa Vda. De Nueca, v. The Manila Railroad
Company, Court of Appeals C.A. No. 31731, January
30, 1968.
iii. Calalas v. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 356, G.R. No.
122039, May 13, 2000.
iv. Japan Airlines v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 118664,
August 07, 1998.
c. Duration of Responsibility
i. Dangwa v. Court of Appeals, 202 SCRA 574, G.R. No.
95582, October 7, 1991.
ii. La Mallorca v. Court of Appeals, 17 SCRA 739, G.R.
No. L-20761, 27 July 1966.
iii. Aboitiz Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 179 SCRA 95,
G.R. No. 84458, November 6, 1989.

d. Presumption of Negligence (NCC Art. 1756)


i. Pestano v. Sumayang, 346 SCRA 870, G.R. No.
139875, December 04, 2000.
ii. Ludo v. Court of Appeals, 351 SCRA 35, G.R. No.
125483, February 01, 2001.
iii. Philippine Rabbit v. Intermediate Appellate Court,
189 SCRA 158, G.R. No. 66102-04, 30 August 1990.
iv. Juntilla v. Fontanar, 136 SCRA 624, G.R. No. L-45637,
May 31, 1985.
e. Non-Exemption from Liability (NCC Art. 1756-1760)
i. OngYiu v. Court of Appeals, 91 SCRA 223, G.R. No. L40597, 29 June 1979.
ii. Savellano v. Northeast, 405 SCRA 416, G.R. No.
151783, July 08, 2003.
f. Limited Liability and Defenses (NCC Art. 1757-1758)
i. Yobido v. Court of Appeals, 281 SCRA 1, G.R. No.
113003, October 17, 1997.
ii. Bayasen v. Court of Appeals, 103 SCRA 197, G.R. No.
L-25785, February 26, 1981.
iii. Gatchalian v. Delim, 203 SCRA 126, G.R. No. 56487,
21 October 1991.
iv. Fortune Express v. Court of Appeals, 305 SCRA 14,
G.R. No. 119756, March 18, 1999.
v. Singson v. Court of Appeals, 282 SCRA 149, G.R. No.
119995, November 18, 1997.
g. Acts of Passenger and Others (NCC Art. 1761-1763)
i. Manila Railroad v. Ballesteros, 16 SCRA 641, G.R. No.
L-19161 April 29, 1966.
ii. Bachelor Express v. Court of Appeals, 188 SCRA 261,
G.R. No. 85691, 31 July 1990.
iii. Smith Bell v.Borja 383 SCRA 341, G.R. No. 143008,
June 10, 2002.
4. RECOVERABLE DAMAGES(See NCC Part XVIII Damages)
i. Regional Container Lines v. Netherlands Insurance,
598 SCRA 304, G.R. No. 168151, September 4, 2009.

ii. Sulpicio Lines v.Curso, 615 SCRA 575, G.R. No.


157009. March 17, 2010.
iii. Air Frances v. Gillego, 638 SCRA 472, G.R. No.
165266, December 15, 2010.
iv. Northwest Airlines v. Catapang, 594 SCRA 401, G.R.
No. 174364, July 30, 2009.
v. Cathay Pacific v. Spouses Vasquez, G.R. 150843,
March 14, 2003, 399 SCRA 207.
5. TRANSPORTATION OVERLAND
b. Time to Deliver / Delay in Delivery
i. Maersk Line v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 108, G.R.
94761, May 17, 1993.
ii. Philamgen v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 155, G.R.
No. 97028, May 21, 1993.
iii. Transasia Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 254 SCRA
260, G.R. No. 118126, March 04, 1996.
c. Route and Deviation
i. Campagnie v. Hamburg-Amerika, 36 Phil. 590, G.R.
No. L-10986, March 31, 1917.
ii. Mitsui Lines v. Court of Appeals, 287 SCRA 366, G.R.
No. 119571, March 11, 1998.
d. Partial and Defective Delivery
i. Southern Lines v. Court of Appeals, 4 SCRA 258, G.R.
No. L-16629, January 31, 1962.
ii. Philippine Charter v. Chemoil, 463 SCRA 202, G.R.
136888, June 29, 2005.
iii. Shell v. Manila Port, 72 SCRA 36, G.R. No. L-28145,
July 7, 1976.
iv. Esso Standard v. Manila Railroad, 93 SCRA 305, G.R.
No. L-25488 September 28, 1979.
v. Filipro v. Manila Railroad 97 SCRA 629, G.R. No. L24923, May 17, 1980.
e. Claim and Suit
i. Southern Lines v. Court of Appeals, 4 SCRA 258, G.R.
No. L-16629, January 31, 1962.

ii. Philippine Charter v. Chemoil, 463 SCRA 202, G.R.


136888, June 29, 2005.
iii. Load Star Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 315 SCRA
339, G.R. No. 131621 September 28, 1999.
iv. Aboitiz Shipping v. Insurance Company, G.R. No.
168402, August 08, 2008.
f. Misdelivery and Non-Delivery
i. Tan Pho v. Hassamal, 67 Phil. 555, G.R. 45598, April
26, 1939.
ii. Roldan v. Lim, 37 Phil. 285, G.R. No. L-11325,
December 7, 1917.
iii. New Zealand v. Joy, 97 Phil. 646, G.R. No. L-7311,
September 30, 1955
g. Multi-Carriers
i. KLM Dutch Airlines v. Court of Appeals, 65 SCRA 237,
G.R. No. L-31150, July 22, 1975.
ii. Lufthansa v. Court of Appeals, 238 SCRA 290, G.R.
No. 83612, November 24, 1994.
iii. China Airlines v. Court of Appeals, 185 SCRA 449,
G.R. No. 45985, 18 May 1990.
6. VESSELS AND PERSONS IN MARITIME COMMERCE
a. McMicking v. Banco Espanol, 13 Phil 429, G.R. No. 5029,
April 1, 1909.
b. Philippine Refining Co. v. Francisco Jarque, 61 Phil. 229,
G.R. No. L-41506, March 25, 1935.
c. Vessels
i. Lima v. Lim, 51 Phil. 476, G.R. No. 28203, February
06, 1928.
ii. Santiago Lighterage v. Court of Appeals, SCRA ,
G.R. No. 139629, June 21, 2004.
iii. Aboitiz v. New India, 488 SCRA 563, G.R. No. 156978,
May 02, 2006.
iv. Western Shipping v. NLRC, 253 SCRA 405, G.R. No.
109717, February 9, 1996.
v. Caltex v. Sulpicio Lines, 315 SCRA 709, G.R. No.
131166, September 30, 1999.

d. Shipowners
i. Switzerland v. Ramirez, 96 SCRA 297, G.R. No. L48264, February 21, 1980.
ii. Macondray v. Provident, 445 SCRA 644, G.R. No.
154305, December 09, 2004.
iii. NDC v. Court of Appeals, 164 SCRA 593, G.R. No. L49407, August 19, 1988.
iv. Chua Yek Hong v. IAC, 166 SCRA 359, G.R. No. L74811, September 30, 1988.
v. Yangco v. Lacerna, 73 Phil. 313, G.R. No. 47447,
October 29, 1941.
vi. Monarch Insurance v. Court of Appeals, 333 SCRA 71,
G.R. No. 92735, June 08, 2000.
vii. Ohta v. Steamship Pompey, 49 Phil 117, G.R.
No.24658, March 41, 1926.
viii. Heirs of Santos v. Court of Appeals, 186 SCRA 649,
G.R. No. 51165, June 21, 1990.
e. Captain/Master
i. Inter-Orient v. NLRC, 235 SCRA 268, G.R. No.
115286, August 11, 1994.
ii. Sweet Lines v. Court of Appeals, 121 SCRA 769, G.R.
No. L-46340, April 28, 1983.
f. Officers and Crew
i. Remigio v. NLRC, 487 SCRA 190, G.R. No. 159887,
April 12, 2006.
ii. Madrigal v. Ogilvie, 104 Phil. 748, G.R. No. L-8431,
October 30, 1958.
iii. Wallem Maritime v. NLRC, 263 SCRA 174, G.R. No.
108433, October 15, 1996.
g. Supercargoes
i. Yu Con v. Ipil, 41 Phil 770, G.R.No. 10195, December
29, 1916.
h. Passengers
7. DAMAGES AND ACCIDENTS IN MARITIME COMMERCE
a. Magsaysay v. Agan, 96 Phil. 504, G.R. No. L-6393, January
31, 1955.

b. Averages
i. International Harvest v. Hamburg American, 42 Phil
845, G.R. No. 11515, July 29, 1918.
ii. Compagnie v. Hambur Amerika, 36 Phil. 590, G.R.
No. 10986, March 31, 1917,
iii. American Home Assurance v. Court of Appeals, 208
SCRA 343, G.R. No. 94149, May 05, 1992.
iv. Philippine Home Assurance v. Court of Appeals, 257
SCRA 468, G.R. No. 196999, June 20, 1996.
c. Arrival Under Stress
i. Urrutia v. Baco River, 26 Phil. 632, G.R. No. 7675,
March 25, 1913,
ii. Smith Bell v. Court of Appeals, 197 SCRA 201, G.R.
No. 56294, May 20, 1991.
iii. Sulpicio Lines v. Court of Appeals, 305 SCRA 478 G.R.
No. 93291, March 29, 1999,
iv. Government v. Philippine Steamship, 44 Phil. 359,
G.R. No. 18957, January 16, 1923,
v. U.S. v. Smith Bell, 5 Phil. 68, G.R. No. 1876,
September 30, 1905.
vi. Lusteveco v. Court of Appeals, 156 SCRA 169, G.R.
No. L-58897, December 03, 1987.
d. Collision and Allision / Towage
i. Erlanger v. Swedish East, 34 SCRA 178, G.R. No.
10051, March 09, 1916.
e. Shipwrecks
8. CONTRACTS IN MARITIME COMMERCE
a. Bill of Lading
i. Magellan Manufacturing v. Court of Appeals, 201
SCRA 102, G.R. No. 95529, August 22, 1991,
ii. Reyma Brokerage v. Phil. Home, 202 SCRA 564, G.R.
No. 93464, October 07, 1991.
iii. Keng Hua v. Court of Appeals, 286 SCRA 257, G.R.
No. 116863, February 12, 1998.
iv. St. Paul v. Macondray, 70 SRA 122, G.R. No. L-27796,
March 25, 1976.

v. Everett Steamship v. Court of Appeals, 297 SCRA


496, G.R. No. 122494, October 08, 1998.
vi. National Union v. Court of Appeals, 184 SCRA 682,
G.R. No. 87958, April 26, 1990.
vii. Macondray v. Commissioner, 62 SCRA 427, G.R. No.
L-25783, February 25, 1975.
viii. Provident Insurance v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No.
118030, January 15, 2004.

ix. Eastern Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 190 SCRA 512,


G.R. No. 80936, October 17, 1990.
x. Belgian Overseeas v. Philippine First, 383 SCRA 23,
G.R. No. 143133, June 05, 2002.
b. Charter Party
i. Planters Products v. Court of Appeals, 226 SCRA 476,
G.R. No. 101503, September 15, 1993.
ii. Samar Mining v. Lloyd, 132 SCRA 522, G.R. No. L28673, October 23, 1984.
iii. Maritime Agencies v. Court of Appeals, 187 SCRA
709, G.R. No. 77638, July 12, 1990.
iv. NFA v. Court of Appeals, 311 SCRA 700, G.R. No.
96453, August 04, 1999.
v. National Steel v. Court of Appeals, 283 SCRA 45, G.R.
No. 112287, December 12, 1997.
vi. Onano v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 142025, July 14,
2002.
c. Bottomry-Respondentia
d. Multi-Modal Transport / Freight Forwarding
i. Brillo v. Court of Appeals, 260 SCRA 383, G.R. No.
109090, August 07, 1996.
e. Arrastre-Stevedoring
i. Summa Insurance v. Court of Appeals 253 SCRA 175,
G.R. No. 84860, February 06, 1996.
ii. Compania v. Allied Workers, 77 SCRA 24, G.R. No.
107653, February 05, 1996.
f. Contract of Towage
i. Barrios v. Go Thing, 7 SCRA 535, G.R. No. L-17192,
March 30, 1963.

9. SPECIAL LAWS IN TRANSPORTATION


To follow
10.

PUBLIC SERVICE AND UTILITIES


a. Public Utilities
i. KMU v. Garcia, 239 SCRA 386, G.R. No. 115381,
December 23, 1994. (Read also Foot Note #2).
b. Regulatory and Franchising Bodies
i. LTO v City of Butuan, 322 SCRA 805, G.R. No.
131512, January 20, 2000.
c. Functions
i. Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337, G.R. No.
132922, April 21, 1998. (Majority Opinion)
ii. PAL v. CAB, 270 SCRA 538, G.R. No. 119528, March
26, 1997.
iii. Republic v. Express Telecom, 373 SCRA 316, G.R. No.
147096, January 15, 2002.
iv. NPC v. Court of Appeals, 279 SCRA 506, G.R. No.
112702. September 26, 1997.
v. MERALCO v. Marco Textiles, 374 SCRA 69, G.R. No.
126243, January 18, 2002.
vi. Quisumbing v. MERALCO, 380 SCRA 195, G.R. No.
142943, April 3, 2002.
vii. PLDT v. NTC, 241 SCRA 486, G.R. No. 94374,
February 21, 1995.
viii. Cogeo-Cubao v. Court of Appeals, 207 SCRA 343,
G.R. No. 100727, March 18, 1992.
ix. Republic v. MERALCO, 391 SCRA 700, G.R. No.
141314, November 15, 2002.
x. Philcomsat v. Alcuaz, 180 SCRA 218, G.R. No. 84818,
December 18, 1989.
xi. Batangas CATV v. Court of Appeals, 439 SCRA 326,
G.R. No. 138810, September 29, 2004.
xii. Pauda v. Ranada, 390 SCRA 663 G.R. No. 141949,
October 14, 2002.