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CONVERSE OF THE ISOSCELES TRIANGLE THEOREM

Illustrative Example: Prove that an equiangular triangle ABC is also equilateral. B

A Proof: Statement 1. A 2. 3. A 4. 5. 6. C

C Reason Definition of an equiangular triangle Converse of the Isosceles Triangle Theorem Definition of an equiangular triangle Converse of the Isosceles Triangle Theorem Transitive Property Definition of an equilateral triangle.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

B is equilateral.

S A C

T C

Given: RST, with S Prove: Proof: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Statement Draw , the angle bisector of R that at A intersects ARS ART S T RSA RTA

Reason 1. Every angle has a unique ray that bisects it. 2. Definition of angle bisector 3. Reflexive Property 4. Given 5. SAA Congruence Postulate 6. Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent.

ACTIVITY 1. Draw a scalene triangle. Name it as BAC. 2. Find the length of the segments. BC = _____________ AC = _____________ 3. What is the relationship between and __________ 4. Find: m A = ___________ m B = ___________ 5. What is the relationship between m A ______________ m B ? 6. What conclusion can you formulate? _______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

POSSIBLE ANSWERS: 2. = 4 cm, = 6 cm 3. This means that 4. m A = 42, m B = 88 5. m A m B .

6. If the sides of a triangle are not congruent, then the angles opposite these sides are not congruent.

INEQUALITIES IN A TRIANGLE
Theorem: If two sides of a triangle are not congruent, then the angles opposite these two sides are not congruent, and the larger angle is opposite the longer side.

Proof: S

Given: RS > ST Prove: SRT < STR Statement such that SU = RS 1. Let U be a point on 2. 3. SRU U 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. RS > ST SU > ST m SRU = SRT + TRU m SRT < SRU SRT < U U < STR SRT < STR Reason 1. By construction 2. Definition of Congruent Segments 3. In the same triangle, angles opposite congruent sides are congruent. 4. Given 5. Substitution 6. Angle Addition Postulate 7. Definition of Inequality 8. Substitution 9. Exterior Angle Theorem 10. Transitivity

Exterior Angle Theorem: For any triangle, the measure of an exterior angle is equal to the sum of the measures of its two remote interior angles.

Theorem: If two angles of a triangle are not congruent, then the sides opposite these two angles are not congruent, and the longer side is opposite the larger angle.