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RUBIO VS MUNAR JR. GR. 155952 OCTOBER 4, 2007 1.

Present petition stems from a complaint for dishonesty, grave misconduct, falsification of official document and oppression filed by Munar against Rubio together with Laudencia and Morales with the Regional Office of the ivil Service Commission at San Fernando, La Union. 2. Munar was a Utility Foreman of the DOH and assigned to the Ilocos Regional Hospital. 3. The Hospital Credentials Committee of the hospital conducted a meeting for the purpose of assessing the performance of the hospital personnel. At the conclusion of the meeting, the Committee recommended that Munar be demoted from Utility Foreman to Utility Worker I. 4. The recommendation was then forwarded to Rubio who issued an appointment for the demotion of Munar. This prompted Munar to file a complaint against the officials. 5. CSC hearing officers found that the respondent failed to establish by sufficient evidence that the respondents were guilty of the infractions of which they have been charged. The CSC Main Office however found the petitioner guilty of simple misconduct ordering his three month suspension which was later changed to a fine equivalent to three month salary pay. 6. Petitioner contends that he has the power of control and supervision over the personnel and the recommendation came from a committee. He further contends that the CSC central office has no jurisdiction over the case as the respondent did not file appeal in the CSC regional office. 7. The OSG contended that the petitioners act was in violation of the Munars right to due process of law because he was not formally charged and no investigation was conducted to afford him the opportunity to air his side. WON CA erred in affirming the findings of the CSC? NO. WON the CA has jurisdiction over the case? YES. The court finds no cogent reason to depart from the findings of the CSC Central Office that petitioner is guilty of simple misconduct for having imposed upon the respondent the penalty of demotion as form of disciplinary sanction without formal charge and without the benefit of due process. Settled is the rule that factual findings of administrative agencies such as CSC that are affirmed by the CA are conclusive upon and generally not reviewable by this Court. The recognized exceptions to this rule are: 1. When the findings are grounded entirely on speculation, surmises, or conjectures; 2. When the inference made is manifestly mistaken, absurd or impossible 3. When there is grave abuse of discretion 4. When the judgment is based on a misapprehension of facts 5. When the findings of facts are conflicting 6. When in making its findings, the CA went beyond the issues of the case, or its findings are contrary to the admissions of both the appellant and the appellee 7. When the findings are contrary to the trial court 8. When the findings are conclusions without citation of specific evidence on which they are based 9. When the facts set forth in the petition as well as in the petitioners main and reply briefs are not disputed by the respondent; 10. When the findings of facts are premised on the supposed absence of evidence and contradicted by the evidence on record; 11. When the CA manifestly overlooked certain relevant facts not disputed by the parties, which if properly considered, would justify a different conclusion. The court finds none of these exceptions is present in the case.