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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education CHEMISTRY Paper 1 Multiple Choice May/June 2005

45 minutes
Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

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READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for you. There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet. Read the instructions on the answer sheet very carefully. Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16. You may use a calculator.

This document consists of 15 printed pages and 1 blank page.


IB05 06_0620_01/2RP UCLES 2005

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2 1 In which of the following are the particles arranged in a regular pattern? A B C D 2 a gas a liquid a metal a solution

A student mixes 25 cm3 samples of dilute hydrochloric acid with different volumes of aqueous sodium hydroxide. Each time, the student measures the change in temperature to test if the reaction is exothermic. Which piece of apparatus is not needed?
A B C D

burette

clock

pipette

thermometer

In an experiment, a student needs to measure out 36.50 cm3 of a solution. Which piece of apparatus would measure this volume most accurately? A B C D beaker burette measuring cylinder pipette

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3 4
4 Two isotopes of helium are 3 2 He and 2 He .

Which two diagrams show the arrangement of particles in these two isotopes?
3 2 He 4 2 He

e e A 2 p 1 n e

e e 2 p 2 n e e

key e electron p proton n neutron nucleus e e

e e B 1 p 2 n e

e e 2 p 2 n

e e C 2 p 1 n

e e 2 p 2 n

e e D 3 p

e e 4 p

Which row gives the outer electronic shell of fluorine and of neon?
9F 10Ne

A B C D

7 7 9 9

8 10 8 10

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4 6 The electronic configuration of an ion is 2.8.8. What could this ion be? S2 A B C D 7     Ca2+    

The lead in a pencil is made of a mixture of graphite and clay.

lead

If the percentage of graphite is increased, the pencil slides across the paper more easily. Why is this? A B C D 8 Graphite conducts electricity. Graphite is a form of carbon. Graphite is a lubricant. Graphite is a non-metal.

Which statement about gaseous hydrogen chloride and solid potassium chloride is correct? A B C D Hydrogen chloride is covalent but potassium chloride is ionic. Hydrogen chloride is ionic but potassium chloride is covalent. They are both covalent compounds. They are both ionic compounds.

Which two elements form an alloy when they are heated together? A B C D chlorine and hydrogen chlorine and zinc copper and hydrogen copper and zinc

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5 10 For which compound is the formula correct? compound A B C D ammonia carbon monoxide iron(III) oxide zinc hydroxide formula NH4 CO2 Fe3O2 Zn(OH)2

11 At which stage in the manufacture of magnesium from sea-water can electrolysis be used?
stage A sea water solid magnesium hydroxide stage B solid magnesium chloride stage C molten magnesium chloride stage D molten magnesium metal

12 Metallic and non-metallic elements can both be extracted by electrolysis. Which element is produced at the negative electrode (cathode)? A B C D bromine chlorine hydrogen oxygen

13 Which product is manufactured by electrolysis? A B C D aluminium copper(II) sulphate sodium chloride steel

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6 14 Which diagrams show a process in which an exothermic change is taking place?


1 2 3

rocket

ice

sodium

water

water

A B C D

1 and 2 only 1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only 1, 2 and 3

15 Are hydrogen and uranium oxidised when used as a source of energy? hydrogen A B C D     uranium    

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7 16 A liquid X reacts with solid Y to form a gas. Which two diagrams show suitable methods for investigating the speed of the reaction?

1 cotton wool

2 cotton wool

X Y balance

X Y

3 stopper

4 stopper

X Y balance
A 1 and 3 B 1 and 4 C 2 and 3 D

X Y

2 and 4

17 In different experiments, 2 g of marble are added to 10 cm3 of hydrochloric acid. In which tube is the reaction fastest?

hot hydrochloric acid

cold hydrochloric acid

marble chips

powdered marble

marble chips

powdered marble

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8 18 What is the colour of liquid bromine and of the aqueous bromide ion? bromine A B C D red-brown red-brown yellow-green yellow-green bromide ion red-brown colourless yellow-green colourless

19 Which property does hydrochloric acid have? A B C D It gives a pale blue precipitate with aqueous copper(II) sulphate. It gives a white precipitate with aqueous barium nitrate. It releases ammonia from aqueous ammonium sulphate. It releases hydrogen with zinc powder.

20 Hydrochloric acid is used to clean a metal surface by removing the oxide layer on the metal. This is because hydrochloric acid has a ..X.. pH and the metal oxide is ..Y.. What are X and Y? X A B C D high high low low Y acidic basic acidic basic

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9 21 The apparatus shown can be used to prepare aqueous copper(II) sulphate.


filter paper stirrer solid X aqueous copper(II) sulphate excess of solid X

aqueous Y heat

What are substances X and Y? substance X A B C D copper copper(II) chloride copper(II) oxide sulphur substance Y iron(II) sulphate sulphuric acid sulphuric acid copper(II) chloride

22 In the experiment shown, the dilute sulphuric acid is run into the flask of aqueous barium hydroxide until the reaction is complete.

dilute sulphuric acid

aqueous barium hydroxide Which processes occur in this reaction? neutralisation A B C D     precipitation     [Turn over

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10 23 The chemical properties of an element depend mainly on the number of A B C D electrons in the innermost shell. electrons in the outermost shell. fully occupied shells of electrons. partly occupied shells of electrons.

24 An element X is in Group III of the Periodic Table. Which property of X can be predicted from this fact? A B C D the charge on an ion of X the colour of the ion of X the melting point of X the relative atomic mass, Ar, of X

25 The table compares the properties of Group I elements with those of transition elements. Which entry in the table is correct? property A B C D catalytic activity density electrical conductivity melting point Group I elements low high low high transition elements high low high low

26 Caesium is near the bottom of Group I of the Periodic Table. What is the correct description of caesium? state at room temperature A B C D liquid liquid solid solid reaction with cold water reacts quickly reacts slowly reacts quickly reacts slowly

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11 27 Mild steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. How does the carbon affect the properties of mild steel? A B C D The carbon makes the alloy a better conductor of electricity than iron. The carbon makes the alloy harder than the iron. The carbon makes the alloy softer than the iron. The carbon stops the iron rusting.

28 Which metal reacts quickly with cold water only when it is finely powdered? A B C D calcium copper sodium magnesium

29 Which of the oxides CaO, CuO and Na2O can be reduced by heating with carbon? A B C D CaO only CuO only Na2O only CaO, CuO and Na2O

30 Three stages in making steel from iron ore are listed. X Y Z carbon dioxide reacts with carbon basic oxides and oxygen are added hematite is reduced

In which order do these stages occur? A B C D XYZ XZY YXZ ZYX

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12 31 The diagram shows ethanol burning inside a sealed jar.

air

jar

ethanol

The mass of one gas in the jar does not change. Which gas is this? A B C D carbon dioxide nitrogen oxygen water vapour

32 Which methods prevent rusting of iron? coating with zinc A B C D     painting     washing with distilled water    

33 Which processes do not use oxygen? 1 2 3 A 1 only B 2 only burning natural gas heating a room with an electric fire welding apparatus C 3 only D 1, 2 and 3

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13 34 The presence of nitrates in soil can be shown by warming the soil with aqueous sodium hydroxide and aluminium foil. Which gas is given off? A B C D ammonia carbon dioxide nitrogen nitrogen dioxide

35 Dolomite is a rock that contains magnesium carbonate. A piece of dolomite is heated strongly in air. Which word equation correctly describes the reaction that takes place? A B C D magnesium carbonate + water magnesium hydroxide + carbon dioxide magnesium carbonate + oxygen magnesium oxide + carbon dioxide + water magnesium carbonate + oxygen magnesium oxide + water magnesium carbonate magnesium oxide + carbon dioxide

36 Which two compounds have molecules in which there is a double bond? A B C D ethane and ethanoic acid ethane and ethanol ethene and ethanoic acid ethene and ethanol

37 Which substance is found in crude oil? A B C D bitumen ethanol ethanoic acid poly(ethene)

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14 38 Which statement about a family of organic compounds describes an homologous series? All compounds in the family have the same A B C D functional group. physical properties. relative molecular mass. structural formula.

39 Which column describes ethane and which column describes ethene? hydrocarbon 1 state at room temperature reaction with oxygen reaction with aqueous bromine A B C D 1 (ethane) and 2 (ethene) 1 (ethane) and 3 (ethene) 2 (ethene) and 3 (ethane) 3 (ethane) and 4 (ethene) gas burns no reaction 2 gas burns decolourises bromine 3 liquid burns no reaction 4 liquid burns decolourises bromine

40 Which of the products C12H24 and H2 could be formed by cracking dodecane, C12H26? C12H24 A B C D     H2    

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15 BLANK PAGE

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DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements


Group III
1

I H
Hydrogen

II

IV

VI

VII

0
4

He
Helium

1 11 12 14 16 19

2 20

Li
Boron Carbon

Be
5 27 28 6 7

N
Nitrogen

O
Oxygen

F
Fluorine

Ne
Neon

Lithium

Beryllium

8 31 32

9 35.5

10 40

23

24

Na
Aluminium

Mg
13 51 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70 14

Al

Si
Silicon

P
Phosphorus

S
Sulphur

Cl
Chlorine

Ar
Argon

Sodium

Magnesium

11

12

15 73 75

16 79

17 80

18 84

39

40

45

48

K
Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc

Ca
24 93 96 101 103 106 108 112 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga
Gallium

Ge
Germanium

As
Arsenic

Se
Selenium

Br
Bromine

Kr
Krypton

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

Titanium

Vanadium

19

20

21

22

23

32 115 119

33 122

34 128

35 127

36 131

16

85

88

89

91

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

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Rb
Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver

Sr
42 181 195 184 186 190 192 197 43 44 45 46 47 48

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd
Cadmium

In
Indium

Sn
Tin

Sb
Antimony

Te
Tellurium

I
Iodine

Xe
Xenon

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

Niobium

37

38

39

40

41

49 201 204

50 207

51 209

52

53

54

133

137

139

178

Cs
Tungsten Iridium Rhenium Osmium Platinum

Ba
74 77 75 76 78 79

La W Re Os Pt

Hf

Ta

Ir

Au
Gold

Hg
Mercury

Tl
Thallium

Pb
Lead

Bi
Bismuth

Po
Polonium

At
Astatine

Rn
Radon

Caesium

Barium

Lanthanum

Hafnium

Tantalum

55

56

57

72

73

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

226

227

Fr
140 141 144 150

Ra

Ac
152 157 159 162 165 167 169 173 175

Francium

Radium

Actinium

87

88

89

*58-71 Lanthanoid series 90-103 Actinoid series Pr


Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium

Ce
59 232 238 60 61 62

Nd

Pm

Sm
Samarium

Eu
Europium

Gd
Gadolinium

Tb
Terbium

Dy
Dysprosium

Ho
Holmium

Er
Erbium

Tm
Thulium

Yb
Ytterbium

Lu
Lutetium

Cerium

58

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

a = relative atomic mass

Key Pa
Protactinium Uranium

X U
92 93 91

X = atomic symbol

Th

Np
Neptunium

Pu
Plutonium

Am
Americium

Cm
Curium

Bk
Berkelium

Cf
Californium

Es
Einsteinium

Fm
Fermium

Md
Mendelevium

No
Nobelium

Lr
Lawrencium

b = proton (atomic) number

Thorium

90

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).