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- LRFD Axially Loaded Compression Members
- Property Sheet
- Beam Design Notes Nzs 3404
- BMREINF9
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- 2nd part
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_____

xi

SYMBOLS

a length of a stiffened or unstiffened plate

b width of a stiffened or unstiffened plate

b

f

flange width

b

c

,

loc,i

width of the compressed part of each individual sub-panel i

b

eff

effective width (for elastic shear lag or local plate buckling)

b

1

height of the loaded sub-panel taken as the clear distance

between the loaded flange and the longitudinal stiffener

b

w

clear width between welds

c distance between plastic hinges in the flanges

e

max

maximum distance from the edge of the stiffener to the

centroid of the stiffener

f

y

yield strength of steel

f

yf

flange yield strength

f

yw

web yield strength

h

f

distance between mid-planes of flanges

h

w

clear web depth between flanges

h

wi

clear height of sub-panel i

k

F

buckling coefficient for transverse loading

k

,p

plate buckling coefficient

k

**shear buckling coefficient of the web between flanges
**

k

,i

shear buckling coefficient of sub-panel i

k

s

shear buckling coefficient of a web stiffened with

longitudinal stiffeners

y

effective loaded length

s

s

length of stiff bearing

t thickness of the plate

t

f

flange thickness

t

w

web thickness

w

el

elastic deflection of the stiffener

w

0

equivalent geometric imperfection of the stiffener

SYMBOLS

_____

xii

A

s

gross cross sectional area of the stiffener

A

sl

total area of all the longitudinal stiffeners of a stiffened plate

A

st

gross cross sectional area of one transverse stiffener

A

eff

effective cross sectional area

A

c,eff

effective area of the compression zone of the stiffened or

unstiffened plate

A

c,eff,loc

effective section areas of all the stiffeners and sub-panels

that are fully or partially in the compression zone

A

sl,eff

sum of the effective sections of all longitudinal stiffeners

with gross area A

sl

located in the compression zone

A

sl,1

gross cross sectional area of the stiffener and the adjacent

parts of the plate

A

sl,1,eff

effective cross sectional area of the stiffener and adjacent

parts of the plate with due allowance for plate buckling of

sub-panels

E elastic modulus of steel

F

Ed

design transverse force

F

Rd

design resistance to transverse loading

F

cr

elastic critical load at transverse loading

F

y

yield load at transverse loading

G shear elastic modulus

I

p

polar second moment area of the stiffener alone around the

edge fixed to the plate

I

st

minimum required second moment of the area of a

transverse stiffener to be considered as rigid

I

t

St. Venant torsional constant of the stiffener alone (without

contributing plating)

w

I warping cross section constant of the stiffener alone around

the edge fixed to the plate

L

eff

effective length for resistance to transverse forces

I

s

sum of the second moment of area of all longitudinal

stiffeners

I

s,1

second moment of area of the gross cross section of the

stiffener and the adjacent parts of the plate, relative to the

out-of-plane bending of the plate

SYMBOLS

_____

xiii

st

I second moment of the area of a stiffener for a cross section

for the axis parallel to the web plate

, st act

I actual second moment of area of the transverse stiffener

M

Ed

applied design bending moment

M

pl,Rd

design plastic moment resistance of the cross section

(irrespective of cross section class)

M

f,Rd

design plastic moment resistance of a cross section

consisting of the flanges only

N

Ed

design axial force

N

st,ten

axial force in the intermediate stiffener imposed by the

tension field action

N

cr

Euler elastic critical force

N

cr,st

Euler elastic critical force of the stiffener

V

Ed

design shear force including shear from torque

V

bw,Rd

contribution from the web to the design shear resistance

V

bf,Rd

contribution from the flanges to the design shear resistance

V

b,Rd

design shear resistance

W

eff

effective elastic section modulus

ult,k

minimum load amplifier for the design loads to reach the

characteristic value of the resistance

cr

minimum load amplifier for the design loads to reach the

elastic critical value of the plate

effective width factor for elastic shear lag

ult

effective width factor for the effect of shear lag at the

ultimate limit state

c

reduction factor due to column buckling

F

reduction factor for transverse loading

w

reduction factor for shear buckling

235

y

f MPa

M

partial safety factor

factor depending on the steel grade

1

utilisation level of the design resistance to direct stresses

2

utilisation level of the design resistance to transverse loading

SYMBOLS

_____

xiv

3

utilisation level of the design shear resistance

F

slenderness for transverse loading (in EN 1993-1-5 the term

“modified slenderness” is used according the Corrigendum

(April 2009). In this document a shorter version, i.e.

“slenderness”, is systematically used for the sake of

simplicity)

plate slenderness

reduced plate slenderness

w

**web slenderness for shear
**

Poisson coefficient of steel

plate buckling reduction factor

x

;

z

reduction factors

reduction factor for each sub-panel i

elastic critical plate buckling stress

elastic critical column buckling stress

elastic critical column buckling stress of a single stiffener

maximum design compressive stress

eq,Ed

equivalent design stress

E

Euler stress

cr,x

;

cr,z

;

cr

elastic critical buckling stress

x,Ed

;

z,Ed

;

Ed

design stresses

cr

elastic critical shear buckling stress

stress ratio along edges

p

, p red

, loc i

, cr p

, cr c

, cr sl

, com Ed

- LRFD Axially Loaded Compression MembersUploaded byالكشكولي رضوان
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- Beam Design Notes Nzs 3404Uploaded byM.Waqas Liaqat
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