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Julie Quintana Bio 1615

Many Central American countries are faced with a disease called the Chagas Disease. This type of disease is a parasite infection, which is transmitted to humans through a bite by an insect called Triatomine bug. Scientists have estimated nearly 9 million people that have been victim of this horrible disease and over 25 million are still at stake of becoming victims. Many people who are infected with this infection tend to have many side effects such as digestive problems, pain in the abdominal, enlarge in the liver and spleen, and increase in heart beats. The Medicine San Frontiers Program did a study in Honduras to help eliminate the Chagas Disease by doing a protocol called the entomological survey which involved identifying the infested area along with spraying the areas to eliminate the parasites. Although this protocol had been proven to help eliminate the disease this type of protocol requires lots of time and money. So scientists were determined to find a reliable approach, which introduced a new protocol using the serological survey. This new protocol helped identified the disease in children along with identifying what different regions had this certain type of disease that could help in the long run evaluate and control this type of disease. There hypothesis was to use this method in hope to decrease the cost as well and the time. The areas they conducted their research were in three areas located in the mountains of Honduras. Many nonprofit organization help conduct home improvements for those families who

were affected by the disease. The families whom live in the areas were required to undergo both entomological and serological survey. They then searched their homes in hope to gather the insect to undergo studies, as well as spraying the infested areas in the villages with a spray called Pyrethroid insecticide. They then conducted the Serological survey by finger pricking blood samples collected from children under the age of 13 years old. The samples were than analyzed in a central laboratory in Rosario, Argentina. Children who were positive for the disease were then provided consultation, as well as provided medication called Benznidazole. This medication was divided in two doses for sixty days that would help treat the positive children. Due to many health centers scattered throughout different regions of the countries the scientist gathered their research and survey results and found that 5,090 homes were searched through and 22 communities were infested with this horrible Chagas disease. Out of 9,500 around the same area of children that were tested, 49 of the children were tested positive for the disease and was treated soon after. According to scientists it was less expensive way to go and they were able to get the results fasters “The serological survey our project took half the time and cost 30% less the entomological survey”. (Spurling, Lucas, Duoust, August 2005)(1). They found the serological survey was a very useful protocol when fighting the Chagas Disease. Countries who develop these certain disease with limited resources may find this protocol very useful.

REFERENCES 1. “Identifying Health Centers In Honduras Infested With Rhonnius Prolixus Using The Seroprevalence of Chagas Disease In children Younger Than 13 Years old” by Geoffrey Spurling, Rmuald Lucas, and Jenny Doust.