SPACING

OF JOINTS AND LOAD TRANSFER IN CONCRETE PAVEMENTS

DEVICES

Introduction 1. This technical instruction covers the spacing of joints in concrete pavements and introduction of dowel bars at expansion joints as a load There is a scope for increasing the spacing of expansion transfer device. joints in view of the experience gained and current thinking. With the increased wheel loads and tyre pressure, incorporation of load transfer device will prevent spalling at expansion joints. Spacing of joints 2. The spacing of joints of concrete pavements , and above will be as follows :(a) Expansion (b) Contraction (c) Construction joints (Dummy) joints joints

of thickness of 200mm

36 m 4.5 m
3.75 m direction

3. There will be only one expansion joint in the longitudinal i.e. along the centre-line of the runway. Note: A revised standard under issue. drawing incorporating

these changeil is with the old

4. In case of overlays, the joints will have to be matched pavement to avoid reflection cracking.

5. For new pavements, less than 200 mm . thick, the spacing of joints will remain the same and existing standard drawings will be followed. Load transfer devices 6. Load transfer devices in the form of dowel bars should be incorporated at the expansion joints in pavements with thickness of 150 mm or more. These will transmit the load from one slab to the other more efficiently and avoid excessive stresses along the edges of the expansion This will protect the edges from spalling. joint. 7. Dowel bars are provided as an integral part of expansion joints. Theyare mild steel round bars of short length, whose half length is bonded in concrete on one side of the joint and the other half is made to slide in a sleeve with a recess at the end to accommodate the movement of slabs durini the expansion of concrete.

8. the dowels used range in size between 20 mm and 75 mm round bars. Dowel spacing ranges between 300 mm to 450 mm. A system of dowels should be properly designed to transfer 45 percent of the w heel load to the adjacent slab. . Edge spalling is a hazard to flying and poses serious problems of repairs.275 300 . The incorporation of load transfer devices will provide more efficient expansion joints and will reduce the spalling to a large extent.1 Dowel Bars Thickness of slab mm 200 200 150 150 Diameter mm 25 20 25 20 Length mm 500 380 Spacing mm 450 360 450 400 5UO 380 10. 40 to 9. Table No. US Corps of Engineers recommendation on dowel size requirements are given in table No. Indian Roads Congress recommendations on the use of dowel bars for expansion joints in concrete roads are given in table No 1.2 Dowel Bars Thickness of slab mm Less than 200 mm 200 . The reduction in the number of joints will improve the riding quality of the surface and reduce the cost of maintenance and filling of joints with sealing compound. For airfield pavements.500 525 .2. Table No.625 Over 625 Diameter mm 20 25 32 40 50 75 Length mm 400 400 500 500 600 750 I Spacing mm 300 300 375 450 450 450 Conclusion 12.375 400 .