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CHAPTER 9

_________________ AND _______________ CONTRACTS


Art. 1409. The following contracts are ___________and _____________from the_____________________:
(1) Those whose_______________, ________________or _________________ is _____________ __________ ________,
_____________, _____________ _____________, ___________ _____________ or ________________ _______________;
(2) Those which are _______________ _______________ or________________;
(3) Those whose _____________ or _______________did ____________ _____________ at the time of the_________________;
(4) Those whose _________________ is _________________ the ________________ of__________________;
(5) Those which ___________________ an _________________ ____________________;
(6) Those where the___________________ of the ____________________ ________________to the __________________
____________________ of the___________________ cannot be______________________;
(7) Those _________________ ___________________ or ____________ ________________ by _____________________.
These ___________________ cannot be __________________. Neither can the right to set up the__________________
of______________ be _________________.
Art. 1410. The _________________or__________________ for the ___________________ of the_________________ of a
_________________does not__________________.
Art. 1411. When the __________________ __________________ from the___________________ of the___________________ or
________________of the _____________________, and the act _________________a _______________ ____________, both
parties being in _______________ ______________, they shall have______________ action ________________ each other, and
______________ shall be_________________. Moreover, the__________________ of the Penal Code relative to the
_________________of _______________ or _______________ of a crime shall be ____________________to the ____________ or
the_________________ of the _______________________.
This rule shall be ______________ when only ________________ of the _____________________is ________________; but the
________________ one may claim what he has_________________, and shall not be _____________ to comply with his
_____________. (1305)
Art. 1412. If the act in which the ________________or __________________ cause consists does not ________________
a_______________ _______________, the following rules shall be observed:
(1) When the______________ is on the part of _____________ _______________ ______________, neither may recover what he has
given by ______________of the ________________, or ________________ the performance of the other's undertaking;
(2) When only _______________of the contracting parties is at________________, he _______________ _____________ what he
has given by reason of the__________________, or ask for the ______________of what has been promised him. The other, who is not
at _______________, may________________ the_________________ of what he has __________ without any _______________ to
_____________his ________________. (1306)
Art. 1413. ____________ ______________ in ____________of the _______________allowed by the _______________
_____________ may be ______________ by the _____________, with interest thereon from the__________ of the ______________.
Art. 1414. When _____________ is ____________ or ____________ ____________ for an ___________ __________, the contract
may be ______________ by _______________of the parties before the purpose has been _________________, or before any
_____________ has been ____________to a ________________ __________. In such case, the ____________ may, if the
__________ ________________ will thus be _______________, allow the party ________________the ________________to recover
the ______________ or ________________.
Art. 1415. Where one of the_______________ to an _________________ ___________ is ________________of ________________
______________, the ________________ may, if the _______________of ___________________so _______________allow
_______________ of _______________ or_________________ delivered by the _____________________ ________________.
Art. 1416. When the ____________________is not ______________ ________________but is merely ________________, and the
______________ by the_____________ is ________________ for the ________________of the _______________,
he_______________, if_____________ policy is thereby_____________, recover what he has ____________or_______________.
Art. 1417. When the ______________ of any_______________or _______________is determined by ______________, or by
_______________of _____________, any person ______________ any amount in ______________ of the _____________

____________ allowed may ________________ such excess.


Art. 1418. When the ______________ _______________, or _____________the_________________of the ____________
______________ of _____________ of ______________, and a _________________is entered into whereby a laborer undertakes to
work longer than the ________________ thus fixed, he may ________________additional ______________ for service rendered
beyond the time limit.
Art. 1419. When the _____________ ___________, or ______________the setting of a _______________ ______________ for
_________________, and a ______________ is agreed upon by which a_______________ accepts a _______________
_____________, he shall be ________________to recover the __________________.
Art. 1420. In case of a _______________ _____________, if the ________________ _______________ can be _____________from
the ______________ ________________, the______________ may be _________________.
Art. 1421. The _____________ of _______________of _________________is ____________ _____________ to ____________
_____________ whose ________________ are not directly ________________.
Art. 1422. A________________ which is the direct _______________ of a ______________ ___________ ___________, is
also_____________ and ___________________.
Title III. - NATURAL OBLIGATIONS
Art. 1423. _____________ are_______________ or _____________. _____________ ____________ give a right of action to
____________their _______________. _____________ ____________, not being______________ on ____________ __________
but on ____________ and ______________ ____________, do not___________ a right of ________________ to __________ their
_____________, but after ______________fulfillment by the__________________, they______________ the ______________of what
has been _____________or ______________ by reason thereof. Some ____________ ____________ are _________ ____________
in the following articles.
Art. 1424. When a ____________ to ____________ upon a _____________ _____________ has ___________ by ______________
_____________, the ______________who_______________ performs the____________ cannot ________________ what he has
________________ or the_________________ of the _____________he has _________________.
Art. 1425. When ___________________the ________________or ________________ the_______________ of the
_______________, a _______________ _______________ _____________a ________________which the_______________ is not
______________ ________________ to _______________ because the action thereon has _________________, but the
_________________ later _____________________ ________________ the _______________ ___________, the
_____________cannot _________________ what he has_________________.
Art. 1426. When a________________ between________________ and _______________ years of______________ who
has______________ into a ________________ without the______________ of the ______________or _______________, after the
_________________ of ________________ _________________ returns the ______________ _____________ or _____________
____________, notwithstanding the_____________ the he has not been ________________ thereby, there is ____________
______________ to______________ the________________ or ______________ thus _______________.
Art. 1427. When a_________________ between_______________ and _______________ years of age, who has entered into a
contract without the consent of the_______________ or ________________, _______________ ________________ a
______________of _____________ or ________________ a ________________ thing in ______________of the obligation, there
shall be ____________ _____________ to _____________ the same from the ________________who has ________________ or
______________________it in ______________ _________________. (1160A)
Art. 1428. When, after an______________ to_______________ a __________________ ______________ has _________________
the ___________ _______________ _______________the ________________, he cannot _________________ the
_____________of what he has______________or the ______________ of the_______________ of the _____________ he has
______________________.
Art. 1429. When a ________________ or ______________ _________________ _______________ _____________ a
_________________ of the ________________ exceeding the ____________________of the ____________________ which he
received by_______________ or by the_________________ of ________________ from the _______________of the
______________, the _____________ is _____________and _______________be ________________by the________________.
Art. 1430. When a____________________ is ________________ _____________ because it has not been _______________in
_____________________ with the____________________ required by _______________, but _______________ of the
__________________ _______________, after the_______________ of the _______________ of the
_________________,_____________ a _____________in ______________ with a _______________ in the _______________
____________, the______________ is __________________ and __________________________.