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DESIGN DETAILS OF THE GROUND FLOOR

Shear walls Width of the shear wall =230mm Height of the shear wall = 3M Concrete grade (fck) = 25N/mm2 Steel grade (fy) = 415N/mm2 Buttresses and pilaster Width of the stem = 230m Height of the stem = 3m Bottom width = 2m Depth of foundation = 0.45m Width of the toe = 0.50 m Width of the heel = 1m Main reinforcement = 12mm dia @ 150mm c/c Distribution reinforcement = 8mm dia @ 200 mm c/c Pilaster distance = 1800 mm DESIGN DETAILS OF FIRST FLOOR 1. Vertical reinforcement = 12mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c 2. Horizontal reinforcement = 8mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c 3. Ring beam = 12mm dia bars @ 230mm c/c The reinforcements of the first floor and roof of the ground floor will jointed and meet at roof joints OFFICE BUILDING 1. ANALYSIS BY YIELD LINE THEORY SLAB (OFFICE ROOM) Size of Room = 6m 6.23m 1. DATA: LX = 6m LY = 6.23m Live Load (q) = 4KN / m2 Floor finish load = 0.8 KN / m2 Concrete grade = M20 2. DESIGN CONSTANT: FY = 415 N/mm2 FCK = 20 N/mm2 QU = 2.759 3. DESIGN SLAB: Longer span (Ly) = 6m Short span (Lx) = 6.23m (ie) Design of Two way slab 3. DEPTH OF SLAB: For simply supported slab using Fe415 HYSD bars for clause 24., of Is: 456 2000 Code. Span / overall depth = 35 0.8 = 28 Overall depth (D) = = = 214mm = 200mm Adopt Overall depth (D = 200 mm effective depth (d) = 175 mm

4. LOAD CALCULATION: Self Weight of Slab = 0.11 25 =2.75 KN / m2 Live Load = 4 KN/ M2 Floor Finish = 1 KN / m2 Total Service road (w) = 7.75 KN / m2 Design ultimate Load (wU) = 7.75 1.5 , WU = 11.63 KN / m2 5. ULTIMATE MOMENT & SHEAR FORCE: = MU = 4.359 MU = 12.017 KNm/m VU = 0.5 WUL = 0.5 VU = 17.43 KN /m 6. LIMITING MOMENT CAPACITY OF THE SLAB: MU Lim = 0.138 fck bd2 = (0.138 MU Lim = 19.941 KNM MU < MU lim, The Section is under reinforced 7. TO GET AST: MU (Short Span) = 0.87 fy AST d

Ast = 359.75 mm2 8. SPACING & MIN. AST: Use 10mm bars SV = SV = 218.31 mm , say 210 mm Provide 10mm bars @ 210mm centers in the short span Ast (Provided) = = 373. 99 mm2 Ast (Long Spom) = = 0.7 210 = 147 mm2 Ast (Minimum) = 0.12 % of 6 D = 0.12 / 100 =132 mm2 Provide 10mm bars @ 300 mm C/C 9. CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS:

Permissible shear stress table 19 for Is 456 2000 = 0.585 N/mm2 Since the shear stresses are within safe permissible limits BEAM ANALYSIS BY YIELD LINE THEORY 1. DATA l = 3m g = 6 KN / m q = 8 KN / m

fck = 20 N/ mm2 fy = 415 N/mm2 2. CROSS SECTION DIMENSIONS: D = Span/12 D = 250mm Adopt clear cover 30 mm d = 220 mm D = 250 mm b = 230 mm 3. LOAD CALCULATION: Self weight of beam = 0.23 0.25 25 = 1.437 KN / m Dead Load = 6 KN / m Finish load = 0.75 KN / m Total Dead load(g) = 8.187 KN/m Live load(q) = 8 KN / m 4. BENDING MOMENT & SHEAR FORCE: Referring BM & SF coefficients negative moment at interior support. MU (-ve) = 1.5 =1.5 = 23.05 KNm Positive Bm @ centre of span MU (+ve) = 1.5 = 1.5 = 20.01 KNm Maximum shear force at the support section VU = 1.5 0.6L (g+q) = 1.5 0.6 3 (8.187 + VU = 43: 704 KN 5. LIMITING MOMENT OF THE RESISTANCE: MU lim = 0.138 fc k bd2 = (0.138 20 230 2002) 10-6 = 25.39 KNm MU < MU Lim; The section is under reinforced. 6. TO GET AST:

Ast = 282.513 mm2 (Provide 2 bars of 16mm ) Ast = ,,Ast=402.123mm2 7. SHEAR REINFORCEMENT: = N/mm2 45 Refer table 19 (IS-456) page No. 79 N/mm2 Hence shear reinforcement are required Balance shear(VUS) = VUS = 27.05 KN Using 8mm two legged stirrups the spacing is SV = =

SV = 266.955mm 8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION CONTROL: At centre of span: = Modification factor Kt=1.0 neglecting bars in compression side KC=1.0 & KF=1 (L/d) Max = (L/d) basic Kt KF = 26 1 1= 26 (L/d) Actual = = 15<26 Hence deflection control is satisfied 9. DESIGN OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT USING SP16 DESIGN TABLES: VUS = 27.05 KN , d= 200mm Compute parameter (VUS/d) VUS/d = VUS/d = 1.35 KN/m Spacing of 8mm of two legged stirrups, SV = 230 mm 2. IS CODE DESIGN ANALYSIS SLAB (OFFICE ROOM) 1. DATAS: Size of Room = 6m6.23m Live load = 2KN/M2 W,c,Load = 0.8 KN/M2 Wall thickness = 230mm Concrete grade = M20 Steel grade = Fe415 2.DESIGN OF SLAB: Longer span/Shorter span=Ly/Lx 6.23/6=1.03<2 Hence it is two way slab 3.DEPTH REQUIRED FOR STIFFNESS: Clear span For Longer span=6.23m Clear span For shorter span=6m Basic value for l/d for simply supported beam=320.8=28 d=Span/28MF (Assume M.F=1.0) =6000/281.0 d =214.28mm Assume 8mm rods & clear cover 20 mm D=d+8/2+20 =214.28+4+20=238.28mm (D=240mm) & (d=220mm) 4.EFFECTIVE SPAN: Eff.span=clear span+d Lx=6000+220=6220mm & Ly=6230+220=6450mm 5.LOAD CALCULATIONS: Self weight of slab =0.2225 = 5.5KN/M2 Weight of W.C = 0.8KN/M2 Live Load =2KN/M2 Total Load =8.3KN/M2 Factored Load(Wu) =8.31.5 (Wu) =12.45KN/M2

6.FACTORED BENDIND MOMENT: MX=X WLX2 MY=Y WLY2 LY/ LX=6.45/6.22=1.036m Refer IS code book From Table 27 ,Page No 91 X=0.065, Y=0.061 MX=X WLX2 =0.06512.456.222 Mx=31.308KNM MY=Y WLY2 =0.06112.456.222 My=29.381KNM 7.DEPTH REQUIRED: M.R=Qbd2 29.38106=2.761000 d2 , d=103.17mm Hence it is safe 8.AREA OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT (Mx DIRECTION): M.R=0.87fy Ast d(1- fy Ast/bd fck) 31.308106=0.87415 Ast 220(1-415Ast/100022020) 31.308106=79.43103Ast-7.491Ast2,Ast=410.01mm2(provided) Area of minimum Reinforcement Astmin=(0.12/100)bd = (0.12/100)1000220=264 mm2 Area of maximum Reinforcement Astmax=0.04bd =0.041000220=8800mm2 Astmin < AstProvided < Astmax 264mm2 <410.01mm2<8800mm2 SPACING Assume 8 mm rods Spacing=(ast/Astprovided)1000 =(50.26/410.01)1000 =122.55mm Say 130mm SPACING LIMIT 1.3d=3220=660mm 2.450mm Provided 8mm rods @ 130mmc/c 9.AREA OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT (My DIRECTION): M.R=0.87fy Ast d(1- fy Ast/bd fck) 29.381106=39.71103Ast-7.491Ast2 Ast=383.78 mm2(provided) Area of minimum Reinforcement Astmin= (0.12/100)bd = (0.12/100)1000220 Astmin = 264mm2 Area of maximum Reinforcement Astmax=0.04bd =8800mm2 , Astmin < AstProvided < Astmax 264 mm2 <383.78mm2<8800mm2 Hence it is safe

SPACING Assume 8 mm rods Spacing=(ast/Astprovided)1000 =(50.26/383.78)1000=130.93mm Say 130mm SPACING LIMIT 1.3d=3220=660mm 2.450mm Provided 8mm rods @ 130mmc/c 10.MIDDLE STRIP & EDGE STRIP: Shorter span Middle Strip for Shorters span=3/4 = 3/46.22 = 4.66m Edge strip=1/8l = 1/86.22=0.777m Longer span Middle Strip for Shorters span=1/8 ly = 1/86.45=0.806m Size of Torsion reinforcement mesh=ly/5 = 6.45/5=1.29m Torsion reinforcement =3/4AstProvided =3/4410.01=307.05mm Provide 8mm rods for reinforcement Spacing =(50.26/307.05)1000 =163.74mm Say 170mm Provide 8mm rods @ 170mmc/c 11.CHECK FOR SHEAR: Nominal shear stress < permissible shear stress v =K c v=Vu/bd Vu=38.71KN , v=0.175N/mm2, Permissible shear stress (K c) 100Ast/bd=0,035N/mm2 , c=0.28 N/mm2 , v< c Hence it is safe 12.CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: FS=O.58 fy Fs=240.7N/mm2 [M.F=2, BV=20] Effective depth=Span/(BVMF) =77.75mm 77.75mm<220mm Hence it is safe. Table : 3 Comparision between yeiled line and is code design analysis (Size of room = 6m X 6.23m) SL.NO YIELEDLINE ANALYSIS IS CODE DESIGN ANALYSIS 1. Total Depth(D)=200mm Effective Depth(d)=175mm Total Depth(D)=220mm Effective Depth(d)=200mm 2. Total Load=7.75KN/m Ultimate Load=11.63KN/m Total Load=8.3KN/m Ultimate Load=12.45KN/m 3. Area of Steel reinforcement=360mm Area of Steel reinforcement=410mm 4. Provide 10mm bars @ 210mm c/c Provide 8mm bars @130mm c/c BEAM DESIGN

1.DATA L=3000mm Dead load=6KN/m Live Load=8KN/m Finished load=0.75KN/m Wall Support=230Mm Concrete grade=M20, Steel grade=fe415 2.EFFECTIVE SPAN OF BEAM: Effective Span =c/c of support = 3230 mm 3.SIZE OF BEAM: Effective depth=Span/12 =269.16mm , Say 270mm Breadth=1/2d =135mm Clear cover=25mm,Use 16 mm D=303 mm, Say 310 mm D=310mm d = 277mm, Say 280mm d=280mm 4. LOAD CALCULATIONS: Self Weight =1 0.31 0.135 25=1.046KN/m Live Load = 8KN/m Dead Load =6KN/m Finished load =0.75KN/m T0tal Load =15.796KN/m Factored Load =23.694KN/m, Factored BM=Wl2/8 = 30.89KN/m 5. TO GET AST:

Ast(Required) = 388.33mm2 Numbers of rods = 2nos Provide 2nos of 16mm rods 6. CHECK FOR MINIMUM & MAXIMUM AST: ASTmin=(0.85/Fy) bd =77.421mm2 ASTmax=0.04 bd=1512mm2 7.CHECK FOR SHEAR: Nominal shear stress < permissible shear stress v =K c & v=Vu/bd Vu=38.26KN , v=1.012N/mm2 Permissible shear stress (K c) 100Ast/bd=1.026N/mm2 Refer From Table 19 for I.S. 456 c = 0.625, cmax=2.8 N/mm2 v > c > cmax K c=10.625=0.652N/mm2 8.SHEAR REINFORCEMENT: Vus =Vu - cbd Vus =14.625 103 N

Provided 8mm rods @ 2 legged Stirrups 1) Sv= ( 0.87 Fy Asv d/ Vus) =694.41mm, Say 690 mm 2) Sv= ( 0.8 7 Fy Asv / bd) =96.01mm < Say 100mm 3) 0.75 d= 210mm 4) 450mm Provide 8mm rods & 2 Legged Stirrups @ 100mm c/c 9.CHECK FOR DEFLECTION: FS=O.58 fy Fs=240.7N/mm2 [M.F=2, BV=20] Effective depth=Span/(BVMF) =80.75mm 80.75mm < 280mm Hence it is safe CALCULATION OF EARTH QUAKE LOADS 1.SEISMIC COEFFICIENT METHOD: Thickness of slab=110mm Assume size of beam=230500mm Assume column size=300300 Wall Thickness=230mm Storey height=4KN/m 2.WEIGHT OF ONE STOREY: Weight of beam =0.230.513.15014.420 =21.806KN Weight of Column=(3.20.30.313.1504) =15.14KN Weight of brickwork=(14.4203.2)-((1.53.2)-(1.52.1)-(11) 19 =821.146KN Weight of Slab =(14.4206.230) 0.1125 = 247.05KN Live Load =(14.4204) 2 =115.36 KN Weight of one storey=1220KN Total Weight Of Building=2440KN The Proposed Building is situated at Coimbatore Seismic Zone lll Zone Factor Z =0.16 Sa/g For Soil From Table 3 of BIS -2002-2.5 Damping Of RCC Building =3% Importance Factor=1 3.TIME PERIOD CALCULATION: Time period=0.09h/d Time period=0.09 6.4/14.420 =0.1516

4.DESIGN OF HORIZONTAL SEISMIC EFFICIENT: Ah=(Z/2) (Sa/g)/(R/T) Ah=(0.16/2) (2.5) (3.1)=0.0666 5.DESIGN OF BASE SHEAR Vb= Ah Xw Vb=0.6662440= 1625K N Distribution of Basic shear along the height of the building Qi =Vb (wihi2/ wihi2) DESIGN OF STAIR CASE Vertical distance between two floors= 3.2 m Assuming two flights Height Of each flights= 3.2/2 = 1.6m Clear Width Of each Step=1500mm Rise Of each Step =150mm Thread Of each Step=230mm No of rise/flight=12 Going of each flight=12230 = 2760mm Width of Support=230mm Grade of Concrete=M20 Grade of Steel =Fe415 SPAN OF STAIR CASE: Clear Span=6m Effective Span=6000+230 =6230mm DESIGN OF FLIGHT: Bearing of the flight = 150mm Effective horizontal Span=6.075m THICKNESS OF SLAB: Considering 50mm Per m of Span 1.650=300mm 2.Dead load=2302511 = 5750N/m2 3.Finish=5024=1200 N/m2 = 6950N/m2 Corresponding load/eq.moment of span (R2+T2)/T)L Load/M =8297.41N/M Waist slab&ceiling finish =8.300N/M Dead load of slab =1/223015019=0.32KN/M Live Load =4KN/M Total Load =12.62KN/M Factored Load =12.621.5=18.93KN/M Factored load for 1.5M =18.931.6=30.288KN/M MOMENT AND REACTION: RA=50.19KN & RB=50.30KN Moment @3.0M

50.33.0-(8.50.50.32)+(12.5211.10)+(30.260.720) M =95.68KNM Mu=Mu limit 95.68106 =0.138201000d2 d =186.18mm<200mm TO GET AST: Ast = 50(1-11-(4.6/20)(95.68106/10002002))/(415/20)) =1.12% Ast =1.12/1001000200 = 2240mm No .of 16mm dia bars = 2240/(3.14(16)2/4) = 11 bars DISTRIBUTION BARS (0.12/100)1000200 =240mm2 Spacing of 6mm dia bars =(3.14(6)2/4)2401000=120mmc/c Provide 6 mm dia @ 120mmc/c as distribution steel DESIGN OF LANDING: Reaction from flight = Rb1.5-(8,50.5)0.5+(12.521) 0.5 =68KNM Mu = Mu limit 68106 = 0.138201000d2 d = 157 < 200mm Ast = 50(1-11-(4.6/20)(68106/10002002))/(415/20)) =0.8% Ast =0.8/1001000200=1600mm2 Spacing of 12 mm dia bars =(3.14(12)2/4)16001000= 70mm Provide 12 mm dia @ 70mmc/c on landing DESIGN OF GRADE BEAM LOAD CALCULATION: Brick weight =3.20.2319 =13.98 KN/m Self Weight Of Beam=0.230.4525=2.58 KN/m Total load=16.56KN/m Factored load =16.561.5 =24.84 KN/m Bending Moment =Wl2/8=111.78KNM TO GET AST: Ast= 50(1-11-(4.6/20)(111.78106/10004502))/(415/20)) Ast=0.20 % Ast=(0.20/100)1000450, Ast= 900mm2 No of 16mm bars=4 Provide 4Nos Of 16mm as Main Reinforcement & 2.12mm bars @ top hanger bars SHEAR REINFORCEMENT: Vu= Wl/2. Vu=74.52KN

Vus=(VUb)-0.5bd, Vus=22.77KN Let us provide 2 Legged Stirrups 8mm Stirrups SV = , Sv=250mm

Maximum spacing = 0.75d = 337.5mm,Say 300mm Let us Provide 2 Legged Stirrups 8mm @ 300mm c/c DESIGN OF FOUNDATION COLUMN (SQUARE) DATA: Load on the Column (P) = 300 KN Steel Grade = Fe 415 Concrete Grade = M20 DESIGN CONSTANT: FCK = 20 N/mm2 FY = 415 N/mm2 DESIGN LOAD: P = 300 103 N PU = 300 103 1.5 PU = 450 KN TO GET AG: Minimum % of steel to be provide in a R.C. Column = 0.8% Assume 1% of longitudinal steel in the column Area of steel Reinforcement( ASC) = 0.01 Ag Area of Concrete( AC) = Ag 0.01 Ag AC = 0.99 Ag PU = 0.4 fck AC + 0.67 fy ASC 450 103 = 0.4 20 0.99 Ag + 0.67 415 0.01 Ag 10.70 Ag = 450 103 Ag = 42056.07 mm2 Size of the Column = = 205. 07 mm = 300 mm Size of the Column = 300mm 300mm LONGITUDINAL REINFORCEMENT: Area of Steel Required = 0.01 Gross Area = 0.01 42056. 07 = 420. 56 mm2 Provide 10 nos of 16 mm bars Nominal Cover = 40mm Asc = 452. 38 mm2 DESIGN OF LATERAL TIES: Minimum diameter laternal is the greater of 1. dia of longitudinal bars 12 = 3 mm 2. 6 mm Hence adopt 6mm dia lateral ties PITCH: The least lateral dimension of column = 300 mm 16 times of longitudinal bars = 16 16 = 256mm 300 mm Provide 6mm lateral ties @ 250 mm c/c

DESIGN OF FOOTING DATA: Load from column = 500 kN Concrete grade = 20 N/mm2 Steel grade = 415 N/mm2 SIZE OF FOOTING: Load from column = 500 KN Assume self weight of footing as 10% of column load self weight of footing = 0.1 500 = 50 KN Total load on soil = 500 + 50 = 550 KN Safe bearing of the soil = 200 KN / m2 AREA OF FOOTING: Area of footing = B2 = 2.75 m2 B = 1.65 m Say square footing of 1.7 m 1.7m NET UPWARD PRESSSURE: Net upward design pressure at the base W= = W = 259.71 KN/m2

BENDING MOMENT: Projection of footing on the column = = 0.70 m Maximum Bending moment @ section Mn = 259.51 1.7 0.7 Mn = 108. 08 KNM Mn = 108. 08 106 Nmm DEPTH OF FOOTING: For M20 grade of concrete Y Fe415 steel M.R = 2.07 bd2 D= D = 175.25 mm = 200 mm Considering the effect of shear, provide an effective depth of 400 mm for top layers of bars Assume 25 mm bars Nominal cover = 50 mm Total thickness = 400 + 12.5 + 25 + 50 = 487.5 mm = 490 mm D = 490 mm TENSION REINFORCEMENT: Maximum BM = 108. 08 106 N mm MU = 0.87 fy Ast

108.08 106 = 0.87 415 Ast Ast = 732. 03 mm2 Minimum Area of Steel = = 816 mm2 Provide 4 nos of 25mm diabars (ast) = 1963.49 mm2 in each direction Percentage of steel = 0.3% DEVELOPMENT LENGTH: = Ld = 1880.46 mm The projection of footing from the face of column = 700 mm Providing on end cover of 50 mm Length of bar of column face 650 mm < 1880 mm Hence OK CHECK FOR TRANSVERSE SHEAR: Effective depth (d) = 400 mm Length of footing = 700 400 = 300 mm Tranverse shear (VY) = 259. 51 1.7 0.45 VY = 198. 52 KN Nominal Shear Stress = = 0.291 N/mm2 From Table 19 of IS 456 2000 Permissible shear stress in concrete (M20 grade) = 0.379 N/mm2 Hence OK CHECK FOR PUNCHING SHEAR: In the distance of ( eff. Depth) Distance = = 200 mm side of section = 300 + 2(200) = 700 mm VZ = 259. 51 ( 1.7 .7 0.7 0.7) = 622. 82 KN VZ = 622. 82 103 N Nominal Shear Stress ( As per clause 31.6.3.1 of Is 456 2000 permissible shear stress in concrete = for square column = KS = 1 = 0.25 = 1.118 N/mm2 Hence OK CHECK FOR SAFE BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL: Column load = 500 KN Self weight of footing = 1.7 1.7 0.40 25 = 28.9 KN Total Load on Soil = 500 + 28.9 = 528. 9 KN Pressure on the soil =

= 183.01 KN/mm2 183.01 KN /m2 < 200 KN/m2 Hence it is Safe