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3
2.1 1

1. :
i) 4 x 3(2 x 1) 7 x 42

iii)

x x x x 49

2 3 4 5 60

ii)

1 4x x 1 x 4 5

5
4
20
4

iv) 1,2( x 1) 2,5 1,5x 8,6

:
i)

4 x 3(2 x 1) 7 x 42 4 x 6 x 3 7 x 42 4 x 6 x 7 x 3 42
45
9 x 45 x
x5
9
x 5 .
ii)

1 4x x 1 x 4 5
1 4x
x 1
x4
5

20
20
20
20
5
4
20
4
5
4
20
4
4(1 4 x) 5( x 1) x 4 5 5 4 16 x 5 x 5 x 4 25
22
16 x 5 x x 4 25 4 5 22 x 22 x
x 1
22
x 1 .
iii)

x x x x 49
x
x
x
x
49

60 60 60 60 60

2 3 4 5 60
2
3
4
5
60
30 x 20 x 15 x 12 x 49 30 x 20 x 15 x 12 x 49
49
7 x 49 x
x 7
7
x 7 .

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iv)

1,2( x 1) 2,5 1,5 x 8,6 1,2 x 1,2 2,5 1,5 x 8,6 1,2 x 1,5 x 1,2 2,5 8,6
9,9
1,1
2,7 x 9,9 x
x
2,7
0,3
x

1,1
.
0,3

2.
i) 2(3x 1) 3(2 x 1) 4 , ii) 2 x

5 x
5 7x

3
3 3

:
i) 2(3x 1) 3(2 x 1) 4 6 x 2 6 x 3 4 6 x 6 x 4 3 2 0 x 3
.
ii)

5 x
5 7x
5 x
5
7x

3 2x 3
3 3
6 x (5 x) 5 7 x
3
3 3
3
3
3
6 x 5 x 5 7 x 6 x x 7 x 5 5 0 x 0

2x

.
3. :
i) ( 1)x - 1

ii) ( 2)x

iii) ( 1)x - 1 iv) ( 1)x 2

:
i) ( 1)x - 1
(-1):

1 0 1 :
1
( 1) x - 1 x
x 1
1
1 0 1 ( 1)x - 1 0x 0 ,
.

ii) ( 2)x
(-2):

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2 0 2

: ( 2) x x
-2
2 0 2 ( 2)x 0x 2 ,
.

iii) ( 1)x - 1
(-1):

( 1) 0 0 1 0 1
-1
1
: ( 1) x - 1 x
x
( 1)

0 ( 1)x - 1 0x -1,
.
1 0 1 ( 1)x - 1 0x 0 ,
.

iv) ( 1)x 2
(-1):

( 1) 0 0 1 0 1
:

( 1) x 2 x

( 1)
2
1
x
x
( 1)
( 1)
1

0 ( 1)x 2 0 x 0 ,
.
1 0 1 ( 1)x 2 0 x 2 ,
.

4.

E1 ( ) , E2 ( ) E3 ( ) :
i) E1 E2 E3 ,

ii) E1 E2

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:
=x.
=5 =5-x.

E
. :
2

E1

3 (5 x)
(1)

2
2

E2

x 5 5 x
(2)

2
2
2

i) ,
( B )
: E
.
2
:

( B ) ( ) (5 3) 5 8 5 40

20 (3)
2
2
2
2
2


1, 2 3
. E E1 E2 E3 (4)

E1 E2 E3 (5).
(5) (4) 3 :
E E1 E2 E1 E2 2 E1 2 E2 2( E1 E2 ) E1 E2

E
2

(3) =20.
1 2 (1)
(2):

3(5 x) 5 x 20

3(5 x) 5 x 20 15 3x 5 x 20
2
2
2
2
5
3x 5 x 20 15 2 x 5 x x 2,5
2
E1 E 2

x==2,5 .
ii) E1 E2 .
(1) (2) :

E1 E 2

3(5 x) 5 x
15

3(5 x) 5 x 15 3x 5 x 5 x 3x 15 8 x 15 x
2
2
8

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x==15/8 .
5. 4000 5%
3%. 1
175 . 5% 3%;
:
x 5%
(4000-x) 3%.
5
x
x
100
3
4000-x
(4000 x) .
100
175 .
:

5
3
5
3
x
(4000 x) 175 100
x 100
(4000 x) 100 175
100
100
100
100
5 x 3(4000 x) 17500 5 x 12000 3x 17500 5 x 3x 17500 12000
5500
2 x 5500 x
x 2750
2
2750 5%
3% (4000-x)=4000-2750=1250 .

6. :
i) v vo at , a 0 ( t) , ii)

1 1
1
( R1)

R R1 R2

:
i) v vo at at v v o t

v vo
a

a 0 .
ii)
R R2
1 1
1
1 1
1
1 R2 R

R1 ( R2 R) R R2 R1
R R1 R2
R1 R R2
R1 R R2
R2 R
1 R2 R

R2 R 0

R1
R R2

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1
0 . R2 R 0
R1

.
7.
i) x2 (x - 4) + 2x(x - 4) + (x - 4) = 0.
ii) (x - 2 )2 - (2 - x) (4 + x) = 0.
:
i) x2 (x - 4) + 2x(x - 4) + (x - 4) = 0
x-4. :

x 2 (x - 4) 2x(x - 4) (x - 4) 0 (x - 4) (x 2 2 x 1) 0 (x - 4) ( x 1) 2 0
x - 4 0 x 4 ( x 1) 2 0 x 1 0 x 1
x=4 x=-1.
ii) (x - 2)2 - (2 - x) (4 + x) = 0
x-4. :

(x - 2 ) 2 - (2 - x) (4 x) 0 (x - 2 ) 2 [-(2 - x) (4 x)] 0 (x - 2 ) 2 (x - 2) (4 x) 0
(x - 2)(x - 2 4 x) 0 (x - 2)(2x 2) 0
2
x - 2 x 2 2x 2 0 2x -2 x x 1
2
x=2 x=-1.
8.
i) x(x2 -1) - x3 + x2 = 0

ii) (x +1)2 + x2 - 1 = 0

:
i)

x(x 2 - 1) - x 3 x 2 0 x 3 x x 3 x 2 0 x 2 x 0 x( x 1) 0
x 0 x -1 0 x 1

x=0 x=1.

(x 1) 2 x 2 - 1 0 x 2 2 x 1 x 2 - 1 0 2x 2 2 x 0 2 x( x 1) 0
ii)
2 x 0 x 0 x 1 0 x -1
x=0 x=-1.
:

2
2
( ) 2 2 .

ii

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9.
i) x(x - 2)2 = x2 - 4x + 4

ii) (x2 - 4)(x - 1) = (x2 - 1)(x - 2).

:
i) x(x - 2)2 = x2 - 4x + 4
( ) 2 2 2 2 . :

x(x - 2) 2 x 2 - 4x 4 x(x - 2) 2 x 2 - 2 2x 2 2 x(x - 2) 2 ( x 2) 2


x(x - 2) 2 ( x 2) 2 0
( x 2) 2 :

x(x - 2) 2 ( x 2) 2 0 ( x 2) 2 ( x 1) 0 ( x 2) 2 x 2 0 x 2
x 1 0 x 1
x=2 x=1.
ii) (x2 - 4)(x - 1) =
(x2 - 1)(x - 2)
2 2 ( ) ( ) . :

(x 2 - 4)(x - 1) (x 2 - 1)(x - 2) (x - 2 2 )(x - 1) (x 2 - 12 )(x - 2)


( x 2)( x 2)(x - 1) (x 1)(x - 1)(x - 2) ( x 2)( x 2)(x - 1) - (x 1)(x - 1)(x - 2) 0

( x 2)(x - 1) :
( x 2)( x 2)(x - 1) - (x 1)(x - 1)(x - 2) 0 ( x 2)(x - 1)[(x 2) - (x 1)] 0
( x 2)(x - 1)(x 2 - x - 1) 0 ( x 2)(x - 1) 0 x - 2 0 x 2 x - 1 0 x 1

x=2 x=1.
10.
i) x3 - 2x2 - x + 2 = 0

ii) x3 - 2x2 - (2x -1)(x - 2) = 0.

:
i)

x 3 - 2x 2 - x 2 0 (x 3 - 2x 2 ) - (x - 2) 0 x 2 (x - 2) - (x - 2) 0
(x - 2)(x 2 - 1) 0

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2 2 ( ) ( ) :

(x - 2)(x 2 - 1) 0 (x - 2)(x 1)(x - 1) 0


x - 2 0 x 2 x 1 0 x -1 x - 1 0 x 1
x=2, x=-1 x=1.
3 .
x 3 - 2x 2 - (2x - 1)(x - 2) 0 (x 3 - 2x 2 ) - (2x - 1)(x - 2) 0

ii) x 2 ( x 2) - (2x - 1)(x - 2) 0 ( x 2)[( x 2 ) (2x - 1)] 0


( x 2)( x 2 2x 1) 0

( ) 2 2 2 2 :

( x 2)( x 2 2x 1) 0 ( x 2)( x 1) 2 0
x - 2 0 x 2 ( x 1) 2 0 x - 1 0 x 1
x=2 x=1.
3 . x=1
(x-1) .
11. :
i)

x
1
2
x 1 x x

ii)

x 1
2
2
0
2
x 1 x 2x 1

:
x
1
2

x 1 x x
. x 1 0 x 1
x 2 x 0 x( x 1) 0 x 0 x - 1 0 x 1

i)

x 1 x 0 . :

x
1
2
x( x 2 x) 1 ( x 1) x[ x( x 1)] ( x 1) x 2 ( x 1) ( x 1)
x 1 x x
x 2 ( x 1) ( x 1) 0 ( x 1)( x 2 1) 0 ( x 1)( x 1)( x 1) 0 ( x 1) 2 ( x 1) 0
( x 1) 2 0 x 1 0 x 1 ( )

x 1 0 x 1

x=-1. x=1
x 1 .

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x 1
2
2
0
2
x 1 x 2x 1
. :

ii)

x 2 1 0 ( x 1)(x 1) 0 x 1 x 1
x 2 2 x 1 0 ( x 1) 2 0 x 1 0 x 1 .

( ) 2 2 2 2
2 2 ( ) ( ) .
x 1 x 1 . :

x 1
2
x 1
2
1
2
2
0

0
2
2
( x 1)( x 1) ( x 1)
( x 1) ( x 1) 2
x 1 x 2x 1
1
2
( x 1) 2
( x 1) 2
0 x 1 2 0 x 1 0 x 1
( x 1)
( x 1) 2
x=-1
x 1 .
x 1
2
2
0 .
2
x 1 x 2x 1
12. :
i)

1
1
2

2
,
x 1 x 1 x 1

1
x
2
iii)
,
x2 x 4

ii)

3
2
x4
2
,
x 2 x x 2x

x2 x
x

iv) 2
x 1 x 1

:
1
1
2

2

x 1 x 1 x 1
. :

i)

x 1 0 x 1,
x 1 0 x 1

x 2 1 0 ( x 1)(x 1) 0 x 1 x 1

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2 2 ( ) ( ) .
x 1 x 1 . :
1
1
2
1
1
2

x 1 x 1 x 1
x 1 x 1 ( x 1)( x 1)
1
1
2
( x 1)( x 1)
( x 1)( x 1)
( x 1)( x 1)

x 1
x 1
( x 1)( x 1)
( x 1) ( x 1) 2 x 1 x 1 2 2 x 2 x 1

x=1
1
1
2

2
x 1 .
x 1 x 1 x 1
.
3
2
x4
2

x 2 x x 2x
. :

ii)

x 2 0 x 2 ,

x0

( x 2 2 x) 0 x( x 2) 0 x 0 x 2 0 x 2
x 2 x 0 . :
3
2
x4
3
2
x4
2

x 2 x x 2x
x 2 x x( x 2)
3
2
x4
x( x 2)
x( x 2) x( x 2)

x2
x
x( x 2)
3x 2( x 2) x 4 3x 2 x 4 x 4 0 0 x 0

3
2
x4
2

x 2 x x 2x
x 2 x 0
.

1
x
2

x2 x 4
. :

iii)

x 2 0 x 2

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x 2 4 0 x 2 2 2 0 ( x 2)( x 2) 0 x 2 0 x 2 x - 2 0 x 2


2 2 ( ) ( ) .
x 2 x 2 . :

1
x
1
x
1
x
2

( x 2)( x 2)
( x 2)( x 2)

x2 x 4
x 2 ( x 2)( x 2)
x2
( x 2)( x 2)
x 2 x 0x 2

1
x
2
.
x2 x 4

x2 x
x

iv) 2

x 1 x 1
. :

x 2 1 0 ( x 1)(x 1) 0 x 1 x 1
x 1 0 x 1


2 2 ( ) ( ) .
x 1 x 1 . :

x2 x
x
x2 x
x
x2 x
x

(
x

1
)(
x

1
)

( x 1)( x 1)

2
( x 1)( x 1) x 1
( x 1)( x 1)
x 1
x 1 x 1
x 2 x x( x 1) x( x 1) x( x 1) 0 x 0

x2 x
x


2
x 1 x 1
x 1 x 1
.

13.
.
:

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x , x-1 x+1
. 3
. :
x 1 x x 1 x( x 1)( x 1) 3x x( x 2 1) x( x 2 1) 3x 0
x( x 2 1 3) 0 x( x 2 4) 0
{x 0

x 2 4 0 ( x 2)( x 2) 0 [ x 2 0 x 2

x - 2 0 x 2]}

x :

x=0. x-1=-1 x+1=1.


-1,0,1.
x=-2. x-1=-2-1=-3
x+1=-2+1=-1. -3,-2,-1.
x=2. x-1=2-1=1
x+1=2+1=3. 1,2,3.

14. :
ii) 2 x 4 x 1 ,

i) 2 x 3 5 ,

iii) x 2 2 x 1,

iv) 2 x 1 x 2

:
i) :

2 x 3 5 2 x 3 5 (2 x 8 x 4 2 x 3 5 2 x 2 x 1)
x=4 x=-1.
ii) :

2x 4 x 1 2x 4 x 1 2x x 4 1 x 3
2 x 4 ( x 1) 2 x 4 x 1 2x x 4 1 3x 5 x

5
3

x=3 x=5/3.
iii) x 2 2 x 1 (
),
. :

2x 1 0 x

1
2

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1
x . :
2

x 2 2 x 1 x 2 2 x 1 2 x x 2 1 x 1

x 2 (2 x 1) x 2 2 x 1 x 2 x 2 1 3x 3 x 1

x=-1 x=1, x=1


1
( x ) x=-1
2
. x=1.
iv) 2 x 1 x 2 (
),
. :
x20 x2


x 2 . :

2 x 1 x 2 2 x 1 x 2 2 x x 2 1 x 1
2 x 1 ( x 2) 2 x 1 x 2 2 x x 2 1 3x 3 x 1

x=-1 x=1,
( x 2 ) .
.
15. :
i)

x 4
3

x 4
5

2
,
3

ii)

2 x 1
3

x 1
2

1
2

:
i)
x 4

x 4

x 4
x 4
2
2
15
15
15 5( x 4) 3( x 4) 5 2
3
5
3
3
5
3
5 x 20 3 x 12 10 5 x 3 x 10 12 20 2 x 2 x 1 x 1 x 1

x=1 x=-1.

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2 x 1

x 1

2 x 1
x 1
1
1
6
6
6 2(2 x 1) 3( x 1) 3
ii)
3
2
2
3
2
2
4 x 2 3 x 3 3 4 x 3 x 3 3 2 x 2

H ,
( ) .
.
16. :
i)

3 x
4
3 x

ii) x 1 x 2 x 1

:
3 x
4
3 x
. :

i)

3 x 0 x 3

x 3 .
:
3 x
3 x
4 3 x
3 x 4 3 x 4 3 x
3 x
3 x
3 x 4(3 x) 3 x 12 4 x 4 x x 3 12 5 x 9 x

9
5

3 x 4(3 x) 3 x 12 4 x 4 x x 3 12 3x 15 x

15
x 5
3

x=-9/5 x=-5.
ii) :

x 1 x 2 x 1 x 1 x 2 x 1 0 x 1 ( x 2 1) 0
x 1 0 x 1 0 x 1

x 2 1 0 x 2 1 x 2 1 x 3

x 2 1 x 1

x=1 x=3.

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x - x -
ii)

1.

i)

( x a) 2 ( x ) 2 2a(a ) ,

, , .
:
i)

( ) 2 2 2 2 :

( ) 2 2 2 2

( x a) 2 ( x ) 2 2a(a ) x 2 2 xa a 2 ( x 2 2 x 2 ) 2 2 2
x 2 2 xa a 2 x 2 2 x 2 2 2 2 0 (2 xa 2 x ) 2 2 2 0
2x( ) 2 2 2 2x( ) ( ) 2

(+)0 :

2x( ) ( ) 2 x

(+)=0 :

2x( ) ( ) 2 0x 0 .
( x a) 2 ( x ) 2 2a(a )
.

x - x -

. : 0 0 . :
ii)

x - x -

( x - ) ( x - ) x - 2 x - 2 x - x 2 2

x( - ) ( )( - )


2 2 ( ) ( ) .
:

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(-)0 :

x( - ) ( )( - ) x

(-)=0 :

x( - ) ( )( - ) 0x 0 .

x - x -

.
2. , ,
x x
1 ;
a
:

x x
1
a
. : 0 0 . :

x( - )
x x
x - x
1
1
1 x( )
a

(-)0 :

x( ) x

(-)=0 = :

x( ) 0 x a a 0 x a 2
0
0x=0 .

x x
1 : 0 , 0
a

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3. 200ml
15%,
32%;
:
.. 15%
: 100 ml 15 ml .
200 ml
. . :
100 ml 15 ml
200 ml y ml
:
100 15
3000
100 y 15 200 100 y 3000 y
y 30 ml
200 y
100

200 ml 30 ml .

32%
. x ml
. (200+x) ml (30+x) ml
. :
100 ml 32 ml
(200+x) ml (30+x) ml
:

100
32

100(30 x) 32(200 x) 3000 100 x 6400 32 x


200 x 30 x
3400
100 x 32 x 6400 3000 68 x 3400 x
x 50 ml
68
50 ml
32%.
4. 100km/h.
120km/h .
1km;
:

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S t,
: S v t . x o
1km.
S (
100km/h) x :

S A v A x 100 x (1)
S (
120km/h ) x :

S B v B x 120 x (2)
S B S A
x 1 km.
(1) (2):

S B S A 1 120 x 100 x 1 20 x 1 x

1
x 0,05h
20

km/h
. .
60 .
x 0,05h 0,05 60 min 3 min

3 1km.
5.

xa
x2
2
.
x a x a2

xa
x2
2

x a x a2
. :

x 0 x a

x 2 2 0 ( x a)( x a) 0 x a 0 x a x a 0 x a
: x a

2
2
( ) ( ) . :

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x a .

18

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xa
x2
xa
x2
xa
x2
2

(
x

a
)(
x

a
)

(
x

a
)(
x

a
)

x a x a2
x a ( x a)( x a)
xa
( x a)( x a)
( x a) 2 x 2 ( x a) 2 x 2 0 ( x - x)(x x) 0
x a x 0 0 x a x x 0 2x -

=0 :

0 x a 0 x 0 x

x0
.

0 :

x a x 0 0 x a( )

x x 0 2x - x

a
2


x=-/2.
6.

x3 8
x2 4 .
x2

:
x3 8
x 2 4
x2
. : x 2 0 x 2 . :

x3 8
x3 8
x 2 4 ( x 2)
( x 2)( x 2 4) x 3 8 x 3 4 x 2 x 2 8
x2
x2
x 3 x 3 4 x 2 x 2 8 8 2 x 2 4 x 0 2 x( x 2) 0 x 0 x 2 0 x 2

x=0 x=2 ,
x=2
x 2 . x=0.

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7. |2|x|-1| = 3
:
:
| 2 | x | -1 | 3 2 | x | -1 3 2 | x | 4 | x | 2 x 2 x 2
2 | x | -1 -3 2 | x | -2 | x | 1( )

x=2 x=-2. | x | 1
( )
.

8.

x 2 2 x 1 3x 5 .

:

( ) 2 2 2 2 .
:
x 2 2 x 1 3x 5 ( x 1) 2 3x 5 x 1 3x 5
x 1 3x 5 3x x 1 5 2 x 4 x 2
x 1 (3x 5) x 1 3x 5 x 3x 5 1 4 x 6 x

6
3
x
4
2

x=2 x=3/2.

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v
2.2 H x a


1.
i) x3 - 125 = 0 ii) x5 - 243 = 0 iii) x7 - 1 = 0
:
i, ii iii
:
x = , >0 ,
v
a . :
i) x 3 - 125 0 x 3 125 x 3 5 3 x 3 5 3 x 5
125 = 53, .
ii) x 5 - 243 0 x 5 243 x 5 35 x 5 35 x 3
243 = 35, .
iii) x 7 - 1 0 x 7 1 x 7 1 x 7 1 x 1

2.
i) x3 + 125 ii) x5 + 243 = 0 iii) x7 + 1 = 0
:
i, ii iii
:
x = , <0 ,
v a . :
i) x 3 125 0 x 3 125 x 3 (5) 3 x 3 5 3 x 5
125 = 53, .
ii) x 5 243 0 x 5 243 x 5 (3) 5 x 5 35 x 3
243 = 35, .
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iii) x 7 1 0 x 7 1 x 7 1 x 1

3.
i) x2 - 64 ii) x4 - 81 = 0 iii) x6 - 64 = 0
:
i, ii iii
:
x = , >0 ,
v
a v a . :
i) x 2 - 64 0 x 2 64 x 2 8 2 x 8 2 x 8

x 8 2 x 8

ii) x 4 - 81 0 x 4 81 x 4 3 4 x 4 3 4 x 3

x 4 3 4 x 3

iii) x 6 - 64 0 x 6 64 x 6 2 6 x 6 2 6 x 2

x 6 2 6 x 2

4.
i) x5 - 8x2 = 0 ii) x4 + x = 0 iii) x5 + 16x = 0
:
i)

x 5 - 8x 2 0 x 2 (x 3 - 8) 0 x 2 0 x 0
x 3 - 8 0 x 3 8 x 3 23 x 3 23 x 2


:
x = , >0 ,
v
a.
x=0 x=2.
ii)
x 4 x 0 x(x 3 1) 0 x 0

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x 3 1 0 x 3 1 x -3 1 x 1

22

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:
x = , <0 ,
v a .
x=0 x=-1.
iii) x 5 16x 0 x(x 4 16) 0 x 0 x 4 16 0 x 4 16 ( )
H x 4 16 :
x = , <0 , .
x=0.

5. 81m3 x, x 3x.
.
:

x, x
3x.
. :

81
x 3 27 x 3 33 x 3 33 x 3m
3
3m, 3m 3x=33=9m.
V 81 x x 3x 81 3x 3 81 x 3


:
x = , >0 ,
v
a.

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6.
i) (x + 1)3 = 64 ii) 1 + 125x3 = 0 iii) (x - 1)4 - 27(x - 1) = 0
:
i) (x 1) 3 64 (x 1) 3 4 3 x 1 3 4 3 x 1 4 x 3

:
x = , >0 ,
v
a.
x=3.
ii)

1 125x 3 0 125x 3 1 5 3 x 3 1 (5 x) 3 1 5 x 3 1 5 x 1 x

1
5


:
x = , <0 ,
v a .
x=-1/5.
iii)
(x - 1) 4 - 27(x - 1) 0 (x - 1)[ (x - 1) 3 - 27] 0 x - 1 0 x 1
(x - 1) 3 - 27 0 (x - 1) 3 27 (x - 1) 3 33 x - 1 3 33 x - 1 3 x 4


:
x = , >0 ,
v
a.
x=1 x=4.

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2.3 2

1. :
i) 2x2 - 5x + 3 = 0

ii) x2 - 6x + 9 = 0

iii) 3x2 + 4x + 2 = 0.

:
:
i) 2x2 - 5x + 3 = 0 ( =2, =-5, =3),
:

2 4 (5) 2 4 2 3 25 24 1
>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

(5) 1 5 1 6 3


2
22
4
4 2

x2

(5) 1 5 1 4

1
2
22
4
4

: x1=3/2 x2=1.
ii) x2 - 6x + 9 = 0 ( =1, =-6, =9),
:

2 4 (6) 2 4 1 9 36 36 0
=0 x

.
2

6 6

3
2
2 1 2

: x=3.

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iii) 3x2 + 4x + 2 = 0 ( =3, =4, =2),


:

2 4 (4) 2 4 3 2 16 24 8
<0 ,
.

2. :
i) x2 - 1,69 = 0

ii) 0,5x2 - x = 0

iii) 3x2 + 27 = 0

:
i) x2 - 1,69 = 0 :

x 2 - 1,69 0 x 2 1,69 x 1,69 x 1,3 x 1,3

x 1,3

: x1=1,3 x2=-1,3.
ii) 0,5x2 - x = 0, x:
0,5x 2 - x 0 x(0,5x - 1) 0 x 0 0,5x - 1 0 0,5x 1 x

1
x2
0,5

: x1=0 x2=2.
iii) 3x 2 27 0 3x 2 27 x 2 9
H
.

3. :
i) x2 + 2x - ( - 2) = 0 , 0

ii) x2 + ( + )x + = 0 , 0

:
i) x2 + 2x - ( - 2) = 0 (
=, =2, =-(-2)=-+2), :

2 4 2 2 4 ( 2) 4 42 8 (2 ) 2 2 2 2 2 2 (2 2) 2 0
(2 2) 2 0 ,

. 0
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>0 =0. x2 + 2x - ( 2) = 0, .
ii) x2 + ( + )x + = 0:

(a ) 2 4 a 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 ( ) 2 0
( ) 2 0 ,

. 0
>0 =0. x2 + ( + )x
+ = 0, .
4. x2 + 2x + = 0, 0
.
:
x2 + 2x + = 0 ( =,
=2, =), :

2 4 2 2 4 4 4 2
x2 + 2x + = 0 ,
. :

4 4 2 0 4 2 4 2 1 1 -1
=1 =-1 x2 + 2x +
= 0 .
5. , (2 + 2)x2 + 2( + )x
+ 2 = 0. = .
:
(2 + 2)x2 + 2( + )x + 2
=0:
[2(a )] 2 4 (a 2 2 ) 2 4( 2 2 2 ) 8 2 8 2
4 2 8 4 2 8 2 8 2 4 2 8 4 2 4( 2 2 2 )
4( ) 2

= 4( ) 2 (
), (-)2

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. <0
, .
= 4( ) 2 0 ,
2( )
( )
, x
2
2
2
2 ( )
( 2 )
==0 (2 + 2)x2 + 2( + )x + 2 = 0
: 0=2. .

6. 2
i) 2 3,

ii) 1 1/2,

iii) 5 2 6 5 2 6 .

:
x1 x2 ,
S x1 + x2 P x1 x2,

: S P Vieta.

x2 + x + = 0, Vieta,
: x 2 Sx P 0 .
:
i) x1 =2 x2 =3. S x1 x2 2 3 5 P x1 x 2 2 3 6 .
2 x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 5x 6 0 .
ii)

P x1 x 2 1

x1

1 1
.
2 2

x 2 Sx P 0 x 2

=1

x2

=1/2.

S x1 x 2 1

1 3

2 2

3
1
x 0 2 x 2 3x 1 0 .
2
2

iii) x1 5 2 6 x 2 5 2 6 . :
S x1 x 2 5 2 6 5 2 6 10
P x1 x2 (5 2 6 ) (5 2 6 ) 5 2 (2 6 ) 2 25 4 6 25 24 1

2 x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 10 x 1 0 .

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7. , ,
i) 2 -15 .
ii) 9 10.
:
i) x1 x2 . Vieta,
S x1 x2 2 P x1 x2 15 .
x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 2 x 15 0 .
x2 - 2x -15 = 0 ( =1, =-2, =-15),
:

2 4 (2) 2 4 1 (15) 4 60 64
>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

(2) 64 2 8 10

5
2
2 1
2
2

x2

(2) 64 2 8 6

3
2
2 1
2
2

: x1=5 x2=-3.
ii) x1 x2 . Vieta,
S x1 x 2 9 P x1 x 2 10 .
x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 9 x 10 0 .
x2 - 9x +10 = 0 ( =1, =-9, =10),
:

2 4 (9) 2 4 1 10 81 40 41
>0 :

x1, 2

:
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x1

(9) 41 9 41

2
2 1
2

x2

(9) 41 9 41

2
2 1
2

: x1

9 41
9 41
x 2
.
2
2

8. :
i) x 2 ( 5 3) x 15 0

ii) x 2 ( 2 1) x 2 0

:
i) x 2 ( 5 3) x 15 0 ( =1, = ( 5 3 ) , = 15 ),
:
2 4 (( 5 3 )) 2 4 1 15 ( 5 ) 2 2 5 3 ( 3 ) 2 4 15
( 5 ) 2 2 5 3 ( 3) 2 ( 5 3) 2 0

>0 :

x1, 2

:
2
[( 5 3 )] ( 5 3 )
5 3 5 3 2 5
x1

5
2
2 1
2
2

2
[( 5 3 )] ( 5 3 )
5 3 5 3 2 3
x2

3
2
2 1
2
2

: x1 5 x 2 3 .
ii) x 2 ( 2 1) x 2 0 ( =1, = ( 2 1) , = 2 ),
:
2 4 ( 2 1) 2 4 1 ( 2 ) ( 2 ) 2 2 2 1 4 2 ( 2 ) 2 2 2 1 ( 2 1) 2 0

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>0 :

x1, 2

:
2
( 2 1) ( 2 1)
2 1 2 1 2
x1

1
2
2 1
2
2

x2

2
( 2 1) ( 2 1)
2 1 2 1 2 2

2
2
2 1
2
2

: x1 1 x 2 2 .

9. x2 + 2 = 2 - 2x, , .
:
x2 + 2 = 2 - 2x x2 + 2x + (2 - 2)=0,
:

(2a) 2 4 1 ( 2 - 2 ) 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2
>0 :
2
2 (2 )
2 2 2( )
x1


2
2 1
2
2

x2

2
2 (2 )
2 2 2( )

( )
2
2 1
2
2

: x1 x2 ( ) .

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10. 68cm
26cm.
:

x y .
=68cm. :

2x 2y 68 2( x y) 68 x y

68
34 y 34 x
2

(1)

26cm.

:

x 2 y 2 26 2 (2)
(2) (1) :
(1)

x 2 y 2 26 2 x 2 (34 x) 2 26 2 x 2 34 2 2 34 x x 2 26 2 0
2 x 2 68 x 34 2 26 2 0 2 x 2 68 x 480 0 x 2 34 x 240 0
x 2 34 x 240 0 ( =1, = -34, = 240),
:

2 4 (34) 2 4 1 240 1156 960 196


>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

(34) 196 34 14 48

24
2
2 1
2
2

x2

(34) 196 34 14 20

10
2
2 1
2
2

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: x1=24 x2=10.
x1=24cm x2=10cm.
(1) :
x1=24 (1) y1 34 x1 34 24 10 cm
x2=10 (1) y 2 34 x2 34 20 14 cm
10cm 14cm.

11.
i) x2- 7|x| + 12 = 0

ii) x2 + 2|x| - 35 = 0

iii) x2- 8|x| + 12 = 0.

:
i) x 2 x .
2

x - 7 | x | 12 0 .
2

x : 2 - 7 12 0 .

.
: 0 x

. 2 - 7 12 0
.
2 - 7 12 0 ( =1, = -7, = 12),
:

2 4 (7) 2 4 1 12 49 48 1
>0 :

1, 2

(7) 1 7 1 8

4
2
2 1
2
2

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(7) 1 7 1 6

3
2
2 1
2
2

2 - 7 12 0 : 1=4 2=3.

. x :

x 1 4 x1 4

x1 4

x 2 3 x2 3

x 2 3

4 : x1=4, x2=-4, x3=3 x4=3.


ii) x 2 x .
2

x 2 | x | - 35 0 .
2

x : 2 2 - 35 0 .
.
: 0 x

. 2 2 - 35 0
.
2 2 - 35 0 ( =1, = 2, = -35),
:

2 4 (2) 2 4 1 (35) 4 140 144


>0 :

1, 2

2 144 2 12 10

5
2
2 1
2
2

2 144 2 12 14

7
2
2 1
2
2

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2 2 - 35 0 : 1=5 2=-7.
1=5 2=-7
, .
x :

x 1 5 x1 5

x1 5

2 : x1=5 x2=-5.
iii) x 2 x .
2

x - 8 | x | 12 0 .
2

x : 2 - 8 12 0 .

.
: 0 x

. 2 - 8 12 0
.
2 - 8 12 0 ( =1, = -8, = 12),
:

2 4 (8) 2 4 1 12 64 48 16
>0 :

1, 2

(8) 16 8 4 12

6
2
2 1
2
2

(8) 16 8 4 4

2
2
2 1
2
2

2 - 8 12 0 : 1=6 2=2.

. x :

x 1 6 x1 6

x1 6

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x 2 2 x2 2

x 2 2

4 : x1=6, x2=-6, x3=2 x4=2.

12. (x - 1)2 + 4|x - 1| - 5 = 0.


:
( x 1) 2 x 1 .
2

x - 1 4 | x - 1 | - 5 0 .
2

x 1 : 2 4 - 5 0 .
.
: 0
x 1
. 2 4 - 5 0
.
2 4 - 5 0 ( =1, = 4, = -5),
:

2 4 (4) 2 4 1 (5) 16 20 36
>0 :

1, 2

4 36 4 6 2

1
2
2 1
2
2

4 36 4 6 10

5
2
2 1
2
2

2 4 - 5 0 : 1=1 2=-5.
1=1 2=-5
, .
x 1 :

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x 1 1 1 x 1 1 x 2

x 1 1 x 0

2 : x1=2 x2=0.

1
1
13. ( x ) 2 5( x ) 6 0 .
x
x
:

1
1
( x ) 2 5( x ) 6 0 x0.
x
x
1
x : 2 5 6 0 .
x
.
2 5 6 0 ( =1, = -5, = 6),
:

2 4 (5) 2 4 1 6 25 24 1
>0 :

1, 2

(5) 1 5 1 6

3
2
2 1
2
2

(5) 1 5 1 4

2
2
2 1
2
2

2 5 6 0 : 1=3 2=2.

1
. x :
x

1
1
1 x 3 x 2 1 3x x 2 3x 1 0
x
x

1
1
2 x 2 x 2 1 2x x 2 2x 1 0
x
x

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. :
x2 - 3x +1 = 0 ( =1, =-3, =1), :

2 4 (3) 2 4 1 1 9 4 5
>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

(3) 5 3 5

2
2 1
2

x2

(3) 5 3 5

2
2 1
2

x2 - 3x +1 = 0 : x1
x 2

3 5
2

3 5
.
2

x 2 2 x 1 0 :

x 2 2 x 1 0 ( x 1) 2 0 x 1
x 2 2 x 1 0 x=1.
3 : x1

3 5
3 5
, x2
2
2

x3=1.

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14. i)

2 2x 3 2 x 2
x
x 1 13

, ii)
x x 2 x 2 2x
x 1
x
6

x
x 1 13

x 1
x
6
. x 1 0 x -1
x 0 . :
i)

x
x 1 13
x
x 1
13

6 x( x 1)
6 x( x 1)
6 x( x 1)
x 1
x
6
x 1
x
6
2
2
2
2
2
6 x 6( x 1) 13x( x 1) 0 6 x 6 x 12 x 6 13x 13x 0 x 2 x 6 0
x2 x 6 0
x 2 x 6 0 ( =1, =1, =-6), :

2 4 (1) 2 4 1 (6) 1 24 25
>0 :

x1, 2

x1

1 25 1 5 4

2
2
2 1
2
2

x2

1 25 1 5 6

3
2
2 1
2
2

: x1=2 x2=-3.
2 2x 3 2 x 2

0
x x 2 x 2 2x
. x 0 ,
x 2 0 x 2 x 2 - 2x 0 x(x 2) 0 x 0 x 2 .
x 0 x 2 . :

ii)

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2 2x 3 2 x 2
2
2x 3
2 x2

2
0 x(x - 2) x(x - 2)
x(x - 2)
0
x x 2 x 2x
x
x2
x( x 2)
2( x 2) x(2 x 3) 2 x 2 0 2 x 4 2 x 2 3x 2 x 2 0 x 2 x 2 0

x 2 x 2 0 ( =1, =-1, =-2),


:

2 4 (1) 2 4 1 (2) 1 8 9
>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

(1) 9 1 3 4

2
2
2 1
2
2

x2

(1) 9 1 3 2

1
2
2 1
2
2

H x1 2
.
: x2=-1.

15.
i) x4 + 6x2 - 40 = 0

ii) 4x4 + 11x2 - 3 = 0

iii) 2x4 + 7x2 + 3 = 0.

:
i) x4 + 6x2 - 40 = 0 x 2 y .
: y 2 6y - 40 0
: y y 0 x 2 y

. y 2 6y - 40 0
.

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y 2 6y - 40 0 ( =1, = 6, = -40),
:

2 4 (6) 2 4 1 (40) 36 160 196


>0 :
y1, 2

:
y1

6 196 6 14 8

4
2
2 1
2
2

y2

6 196 6 14 20

10
2
2 1
2
2

y 2 6y - 40 0 : y1=4 y2=-10.
y1=4 y2=-10
, .
x 2 y :
x2 y x2 4 x 4 x 2

x 2

2 : x1=2 x2=-2.
ii) 4x4 + 11x2 - 3 = 0 x 2 y .
: 4y 2 11y - 3 0 .
: y y 0 x 2 y

. 4y 2 11y - 3 0
.
4y 2 11y - 3 0 ( =4, =11, = -3),
:

2 4 (11) 2 4 4 (3) 121 48 169


>0 :
y1, 2

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:
y1

11 169 11 13 2 1


2
24
8
8 4

y2

11 169 11 13 24

3
2
24
8
8

4y 2 11y - 3 0 : y1=1/4 y2=-3.


y1=1/4 y2=-3
, .
x 2 y :

x2 y x2

1
1
1
x
x
4
4
2

1
2

2 : x1=1/2 x2=-1/2.
iii) 2x4 + 7x2 + 3 = 0 x 2 y .
: 2y 2 7 y 3 0 .
: y y 0 x 2 y

. 2y 2 7 y 3 0
.
2y 2 7 y 3 0 ( =2, =7, =3),
:

2 4 (7) 2 4 2 3 49 24 25
>0 :
y1, 2

:
y1

7 25 7 5 2
1

2
22
4
4
2

y2

7 25 7 5 12

3
2
22
4
4

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2y 2 7 y 3 0 : y1=-1/2 y2=-3.

. .


1. 2x2 - 23x + 4 - 1 = 0, 0.
i) = 42.
ii)

a2 1
a2 1

.
a
a

:
i) 2x2 - 23x + 4 - 1 = 0, :

(2a 3 ) 2 4 a 2 (a 4 1) 4a 6 4a 6 4a 2 4a 2 (2a) 2
ii) >0 :

x1

x2

(2a 3 ) (2a) 2
2a 2
(2a 3 ) (2a) 2
2a 2

2a 3 2a 2a(a 2 1) a 2 1

a
2a 2
2a 2

2a 3 2a 2a(a 2 1) a 2 1

a
2a 2
2a 2

2x2 - 23x + 4 - 1 = 0 : x1
x 2

a2 1
a

a2 1
.
a

2. x 2 (5 2 ) x 6 3 2 0 .
i) (1 2 ) 2 .
ii) 3 2 2 .
:
x 2 (5 2 ) x 6 3 2 0 ( =1, = (5 2 ) , = 6 3 2 ),
:

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2 4 [(5 2 )]2 4 1 (6 3 2 ) 5 2 2 5 2 ( 2 ) 2 24 12 2
25 10 2 ( 2 ) 2 24 12 2 ( 2 ) 2 2 2 1 ( 2 1) 2

>0 :

x1, 2

:
x1

2
[(5 2 )] ( 2 1)
5 2 2 1 6

3
2
2 1
2
2

2
[(5 2 )] ( 2 1)
5 2 2 1 4 2 2 2(2 2 )
x2

2 2
2
2 1
2
2
2

x 2 (5 2 ) x 6 3 2 0 : x1 3
x2 2 2 .
3. 2x2 + ( - 9)x + 2 + 3
+ 4 = 0 .
:
2x2 + ( - 9)x + 2 + 3 + 4 = 0 :

(a 9) 2 4 2 (a 2 3a 4) a 2 2 9 a 9 2 8a 2 24a 32
a 2 18a 81 8a 2 24a 32 7a 2 42a 49
2x2 + ( - 9)x + 2 + 3 + 4 = 0
=0. 7a 2 42a 49 0 ,
.
7a 2 42a 49 0 :

(42) 2 4 (7) 49 1764 1372 3136


>0 :
a1

(42) 3136 42 56
98

7
2 (7)
14
14

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a2

(42) 3136 42 56 14

1
2 (7)
14
14

7a 2 42a 49 0 : a1 7
a 2 1 . 2x2 + ( - 9)x + 2 +
3 + 4 = 0 .

4. x2 + x + = 0, 0,
1
x2 + x + = 0 .

:
x2 + x + = 0,
x= 2 + + = 0 (1).
(1)

2 0

, 0. :

1
1
1
1
1
2 2 2 0 2 0
2

(2)

1
1
0


x=

1
x2 + x + = 0,

1
x2 + x + = 0

(2) .

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5. :
i) x

1
1
a , a 0,
a
x

ii)

x a a
, , 0
a x

:
i) x

1
1
a x 0 . :
a
x

1
1
ax 1 ax 1
a

x(ax 1) a(ax 1) ax 2 x a 2 x a
a
x
a
x
2
2
ax (1 a ) x a 0
x

ax 2 (1 a 2 ) x a 0 :

(1 a 2 ) 2 4 a (a) 1 2a 2 a 4 4a 2 1 2a 2 a 4 (1 a 2 )
>0 :

x1

x2

(1 a 2 ) (1 a 2 ) 2
2a
(1 a 2 ) (1 a 2 ) 2
2a

1 a 2 1 a 2 2a 2

a
2a
2a

1 a2 1 a2 2
1

2a
2a
a

ax 2 (1 a 2 ) x a 0 : x1 a
1
x 2 .
a
ii)

x a a
x 0 . :

a x

x a a
x2 a2 2 2

( x 2 a 2 ) x( 2 2 )
a x
ax
a
x 2 ( 2 2 ) x 2 0
x 2 ( 2 2 )x 2 0 :

[(a 2 2 )]2 4 a 2 4 2 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 2 2 2 4 (a 2 2 ) 2
0 . :

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=0 (a 2 2 ) 2 0 a 2 2
:

(a 2 2 ) a 2 2
(1)

2
2


- . (1) :

(a 2 2 ) a 2 2 2 2

2
2
2

=0

-
2
2
2
2
x ( )x 0 x=.

>0
:

x1

x2

[(a 2 2 )] 2 (a 2 2 ) 2
2
[(a 2 2 )] 2 (a 2 2 ) 2
2

a 2 2 a 2 2 2a 2 a 2

2
2

a 2 2 a 2 2 2 2

2
2

ax 2 (1 a 2 ) x a 0 : x1

a2

x 2 .

6. x2 + 2x - 8 = 0
i) .
ii) ,
.
:
i) x2 + 2x - 8 = 0 ( =1, =2, =-8),
:

2 4 (2 ) 2 4 1 (8) 42 32

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H (>0) .
..
ii) x1 x2 .
x 2 x12 (1).
Vieta, S x1 x2 2 (2)
P x1 x 2 8 (3). :
(1)

(2) x1 x 2 2 x1 x12 2 0 (4)


(1)

(3) x1 x 2 8 x1 x12 8 x 13 8 x1 3 8 x1 2 (5)


(5)

(1) x 2 x12 x 2 (2) 2 x 2 4 (6)


( 5), ( 6 )

(4) x1 x 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 1
x1=-2 x2=4, =-1.

7.
.
:
x-1,x,x+1 .

:

X+1

X
X-1

( x 1) x ( x 1) x 2 x 1 x 2 x 2 2 x 1 x 2 4 x 0 x( x 4) 0
x0 x-40x4
x=0 0.
x=4. x-1=4-1=3
x+1=4+1=5.
2


3,4,5.

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8. 4m 3m .
d ,
.

:
. 4m 3m
.

.
=4d.
=3d.
=dd. To :
= + - =4d+3d-d2=7d- d2 (1)
=34=12m.

E. = E + E=.
= + E=2 =12m =12/2=6 (2)
(1) (2) :
7 d d 2 6 d 2 7d 6 0

d 2 7d 6 0 ( =1, =-7, =6),


:

2 4 (7) 2 4 1 6 49 24 25
>0 :

d 1, 2

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d1

(7) 25 7 5 12

6
2
2 1
2
2

d2

(7) 25 7 5 2

1
2
2 1
2
2

d=6 d
4m. d=1.
d=1m.

9. .
12
.
, 8 .

.
:
x
. x+12
.
8 .
8
8

x
8

. :
x 12

8
8
8
8

1 x( x 12) x( x 12)
x( x 12) 1 8( x 12) 8 x x( x 12)
x x 12
x
x 12
8 x 96 8 x x 2 12 x x 2 4 x 96 0
x 2 4 x 96 0 ( =1, =-4, =-96),
:

2 4 (4) 2 4 1 (96) 16 384 400


>0 :

x1, 2

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:
x1

(4) 400 4 20 24

12
2
2 1
2
2

x2

(4) 400 4 20 16

8
2
2 1
2
2

x=-8
. x=12. 12
,
x+12=12+12=24 .
10. x4 - 10x2 + = 0 1.
.
:
1 x4 - 10x2 + = 0
x=1 .
:
x 1;

x 4 - 10x 2 0 14 10 12 0 10 1 9
=9 x 4 - 10x 2 9 0 .
i) x 4 - 10x 2 9 0 x 2 y .
: y 2 10y 9 0
: y y 0 x 2 y

. y 2 10y 9 0
.
y 2 10y 9 0 ( =1, = -10, = 9),
:

2 4 (10) 2 4 1 9) 100 36 64
>0 :
y1, 2

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y1

(10) 64 10 8 18

9
2
2 1
2
2

y2

(10) 64 10 8 2

1
2
2 1
2
2

y 2 10y 9 0 : y1=9 y2=1.


. x 2 y
:
x2 y x2 9 x 9 x 3
x2 y x2 1 x 1 x 1

x 3
x 1

4 : x1=3, x2=-3, x3=1 x4=1.

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3
. ,
,
. .

1. ( - 1)x = ( -1) x = .
.
=1 0x=0
.

2. H (|x| + 1)(|x| + 2) = 0 .
:
(| x | 1)(| x | 2) 0 (| x | 1) 0 (| x | 2) 0
| x | -1 | x | -2


. .

3. (|x| - 1)(|x| - 2|) = 0 .


:
(| x | - 1)(| x | - 2 |) 0 (| x | - 1) 0 | x | 1 x 1 x 1
(| x | - 2 |) 0 | x | 2 x 2 x 2

4 2
.

4. (|x| - 1)(|x| + 2|) = 0 .


:
(| x | - 1)(| x | 2 |) 0 (| x | - 1) 0 | x | 1 x 1 x 1
(| x | 2 |) 0 | x | 2 (a)

2
.

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5. |x| = x - 2 .
H x-2 , :
x 2 0 x 2 . .
:
| x | x - 2 x x - 2 0x -2 (a)
x ( x - 2) x -x 2 2x 2 x 1

x=1 ( x 2 ).

.

6. |x| = 2 - x .
H 2-x , :
2 x 0 x 2 . .
:
| x | 2 - x x 2 - x 2x 2 x 1
x (2 - x) x -2 x 0x 2 (a)

x=1 ( x 2 ).

.

7. x2 + x + = 0 ,
.

x2 + x + = 0 ,
( 2 4 ) =0.

8. 2 ,
x .
a1 x 2 1 x 1 0 x1 x2,

a 2 y 2 2 y 2 0 y1 y2.
x1= y1 x2= y2,
1=2, 1=2 1=2. Vieta :

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x1 x 2

y1 y 2 2
1
2

x1 x 2 y1 y 2

2 (1)
1
2


x .
1=6 1=2 2=3 2=1 (1)
x
. .

9. x2 + 2x - = 0 .
x2 + 2x - = 0 :

2 2 4 a (a) 4 4a 2 0
>0
. .

10. x2 - 4x + 42 = 0, 0, .
x2 - 4x + 42 = 0 :

(4a) 2 4 1 4a 2 16a 2 16a 2 0


(=0),
. .

11. 2x2 - 2x + 2 = 0, 0, .
2x2 - 2x + 2 = 0 :

(2a) 2 4 a 2 2 4a 2 8a 2 4a 2 0
(<0)
. .

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12. 2x2 + 3x + 2 = 0 .
2x2 + 3x + 2 = 0 :

(3a) 2 4 2 a 2 9a 2 8a 2 a 2 0
>0
. .

1
13. x 2 (a ) x 1 0 0,1
a
.
1
x 2 (a ) x 1 0 :
a
1
1
1
1
1
[(a )] 2 4 1 1 a 2 2a ( ) 2 4 a 2 2 ( ) 2 4 a 2 2 ( ) 2
a
a
a
a
a
1
1
1
a 2 2a ( ) 2 ( a ) 2 0
a
a
a

0,1 >0
:

1
1
1
1
[(a )] (a ) 2 a a
a
a
a
a 2a a
x1

2 1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
[(a )] (a ) 2 a (a ) a a
2
a
a
a
a
a
a a 1
x2

2 1
2
2
2
a
,
. .

14.

x 2 - 3x 2 0
0 x2 - 3x + 2 = 0 .
x 1

x 2 - 3x 2 0
0 x1. 1

x 1
x2 - 3x + 2 = 0 ( 12 - 31 + 2 = 1-3+2=0).

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x 2 - 3x 2 0
0 x2 - 3x + 2 = 0
x 1
. .

15.

2 x 2 3x 1
5 (2x2 + 3x + 1) = 5(x2 - 1)
2
x 1

2 x 2 3x 1
5 x1 x-1.
x2 1
-1 (2x2 + 3x + 1) = 5(x2 - 1) ( 2(-1)2 + 3(-1) +

2 x 2 3x 1
5
x2 1
(2x2 + 3x + 1) = 5(x2 - 1) .
.
1 = 2-3+1=0).

16. x y S = -10
P = 16 .
x y ,
S x + y P x y,

: S 10 P 16 Vieta.

x2 + x + = 0, Vieta,
: x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 10 x 16 0 .

x 2 10 x 16 0 .
:
10 2 4 1 16 100 64 36 0

>0 x 2 10 x 16 0
x y. x y
S = -10 P = 16 .
.

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17. x y S = 10
P = 25 .
x y ,
S x + y P x y,

: S 10 P 25 Vieta.

x2 + x + = 0, Vieta,
: x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 10 x 25 0 .

x 2 10 x 25 0 .
:

(10) 2 4 1 25 100 100 0


=0 x 2 10 x 25 0 ,
x=-/2=-(-10)/2=5. x=y=5.

18. x y S = 2
P = 2 .
x y ,
S x + y P x y,

: S 2 P 2 Vieta.

x2 + x + = 0, Vieta,
: x 2 Sx P 0 x 2 2 x 2 0 .

x 2 2 x 2 0 .
:

(2) 2 4 1 2 4 8 4 0
<0 x 2 2 x 2 0 .
.

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:
1. (2x - 1)(x + 2) = (3 - 2x)(x + 2) :
(2x - 1)(x + 2) = (3 - 2x)(x + 2) 2x - 1 = 3 - 2x 4x = 4 x = 1.
x = -2 .
:
(2x - 1)(x + 2) = (3 - 2x)(x + 2) 2x - 1 = 3 - 2x .
. :
(2x - 1)(x + 2) = (3 - 2x)(x + 2) (2x - 1)(x + 2) - (3 - 2x)(x + 2) 0
(x + 2)[2x - 1 - (3 - 2x)] 0 (x + 2)(2x - 1 - 3 2x) 0 (x + 2)(4x - 4) 0
(x + 2) 0 x -2 4x - 4 0 x 1

2. |2x - 1| = x - 2 :
|2x - 1| = x - 2 2x - 1 = x - 2 2x - 1 = 2 - x x = -1 x = 1.
x .
:
|2x - 1| = x 2, x-2>0 x>2
.
. x=1 x=-1
x>2
. .

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