You are on page 1of 6

Excel Review Center

The MOSFET has which of the following advantages over the JFET? Less bias Higher input impedance Higher output impedance The MOSFET is normally constructed so that it operates in either the depletion mode or the enhancement mode. The depletion mode MOSFET (a) uses what type of bias and (b) has what type of doped channel to cause a depletion of current carriers in the channel? (a) Reverse (b) lightly * The enhancement mode MOSFET (a) uses what type of bias and (b) has what type of doped channel to enhance the current carriers in the channel? (a) Forward (b) heavily * What type of metal is used in the construction of a MOSFET? Copper * What is the purpose of the shorting spring in a MOSFET? To shunt the gates of a dual-gate MOSFET to make it operate like a single-gate MOSFET * Which of the following is NOT one of the four sections of a basic power supply? Oscillator * The primary purpose of the transformer in an electronic power supply is to isolate the power supply from ground. True * What is the primary function of the rectifier section? To convert ac to pulsating dc * What is/are the functions of the filter section? To convert pulsating dc to steady dc * The purpose of a center tap in a transformer is to provide two equal voltages from one transformer * A diode is an ideal rectifier for which, if any, of the following reasons? Current flows through the diode in one direction only * When the anode of a diode is negative with respect to the cathode, the diode is said to be in what state? Cutoff * In a simple half-wave rectifier, the diode will conduct for a maximum of how many degrees of the 360-degree input signal? 180 * What term is used to describe current pulses that flow in the same direction? Pure direct current * What is the ripple frequency of a half-wave rectifier with an input line frequency of 60 Hz? 60 Hz * In a half-wave rectifier, what is the average voltage output when the peak voltage is 300 volts? 95.4 volts * What is the ripple frequency of a full wave rectifier with an input line frequency of 60 Hz? 120 Hz *

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


The full-wave rectifier has which of the following advantages over the half wave? Higher average voltage and current* The control of an output signal by an input signal resulting in the output signal having some (or all) of the characteristics of the input signal is known by which of the following terms? Amplification * Which of the following statements describes the relationship of input and output signals in an amplifier? The input signal remains unchanged and the output signal is controlled by the input signal * Why are amplifiers used in electronic devices? To provide signals of usable amplitude * Most amplifiers can be classified in which of the following ways? Function and frequency response * The speaker system of a record player should be driven by which of the following types of amplifier? An audio power amplifier * The signal from a radio antenna should be amplified by which of the following types of amplifier? An rf voltage amplifier * The class of operation of an amplifier is determined by which of the following factors? The amount of current (in relation to the input-signal current) that flows in the output circuit * Which of the following is NOT a class of operation for an amplifier? AC * If the output of a circuit should be a representation of less than one-half of the input signal, what class of operation should be used? C* What class of operation is the most efficient? C* What class of operation has the highest fidelity? A* What is the purpose of an amplifier coupling network? To transfer energy from one stage to another * Which of the following is NOT a method of coupling amplifier stages? Resistor * What is the most common form of coupling? RC * Which of the following types of coupling is usually used to couple the output from a power amplifier? Transformer * Which of the following types of amplifiers have both high and low frequency response limitations? RC *

Q & A 1- Electronics
Which of the following types of coupling is most effective at high frequencies? Impedance * For maximum current at the input to a circuit, what should the relationship of the input impedance be to the output impedance of the previous stage? Lower than * What is the (a) input impedance and (b) output impedance of a common-base transistor configuration? (a) Low (b) high * What transistor configuration should be used to match high output impedance to low input impedance? Common collector * What type of coupling is most useful for impedance matching? Transformer * What is feedback? The coupling of a portion of the output signal to the input of the circuit * Which of the following terms describe the two types of feedback? Positive and negative Degenerative and regenerative What type of feedback provides an increased amplitude output signal? Positive * Distortion caused by amplifier saturation can be reduced by using which of the following types of feedback? Negative * What type feedback is provided if the feedback signal is out of phase with the input signal? Negative * What type of feedback is provided by a capacitor connected across the emitter resistor in a common-emitter transistor amplifier? Negative * What are the (a) inputs and (b) outputs of a phase splitter? (a) One signal (b) Two signals out of phase* A single-stage, two transistor amplifier that uses a phase splitter input is classified as what type of amplifier? Push-pull * Which of the following is a common use for a push-pull amplifier? The final stage in an audio amplifier * What is the advantage of a push-pull amplifier as compared to a single transistor amplifier? Higher gain * To provide good fidelity output signals, which of the following classes of operation CANNOT be used by a push-pull amplifier? C* What is the bandwidth of an amplifier? The actual frequencies the amplifier is effective in amplifying* In a rectifier circuit, if the secondary winding in the transformer opens, the output is 0V

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

Excel Review Center


When a synchro transmitter, and receiver are in correspondence, what is the relative value of the (a) current through the stators and (b) receiver torque? (a) Minimum (b) minimum * What term applies to the angle through which a synchro transmitter rotor is rotated mechanically? Signal * Which of the following is an advantage that a step-transmission system has over a standard synchro system? Cost is considerably less What type of synchro can accept two signals simultaneously and add or subtract? Differential * The amount of precession of a rate gyro is proportional to what input factor? Rate of gyro case rotation * Which of the following circuits that is required in a multispeed servo system is NOT required in a single-speed servo system? Synchronizer * In a two-speed servo system such as that described in the text, which of the following components controls the movement of the load at 2 but does NOT control the movement of the load at 10? Coarse CT * Synchro systems that transmit data at two different speeds are referred to by which of the following terms? Dual-speed Multispeed synchro systems have which of the following advantages over single-speed synchro systems? Greater accuracy * What does the gear ratio between the two transmitters in a dual-speed synchro system determine? The speeds of transmission * A free gyro at the Equator appears to tilt. What is the approximate total number of degrees it will tilt in 4 hours? 60 * Which of the following advantages, if any, does a conventional electron tube have over a semiconductor device? None Which of the following statements describes the output signal if the input signals are 180 degrees out of phase with each other? A sine wave in phase with input signal number one * A sine wave in phase with input signal number two * A 10 V peak-to-peak sinusoidal voltage is applied across a silicon diode and series resistor. The maximum voltage across the diode is 10 V In a certain positive clamper circuit, a 120 V rms sine wave is applied to the input. The dc value of the output is 169 V

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


In a certain biased limiter, the bias voltage is 5 V and the input is a 10 V peak sine wave. If the positive terminal of the bias voltage is connected to the cathode of the diode, the maximum voltage at the anode is 5.7 V If the input voltage to a voltage tripler has an rms value 12 V, the dc output voltage is approximately 50.9 V If one of the diodes in the bridge full-wave rectifier opens, the output is A half-wave rectified voltage If you are checking a 60 Hz full-wave bridge rectifier and observe that the output has a 60 Hz ripple There is an open diode The cathode of a zener diode in a voltage regulator is normally More positive than the anode If a certain zener diode has a zener voltage of 3.6 V, it operates in Zener breakdown For a certain 12 V zener diode, a 10 mA change in zener current produces a 0.1 V change in zener voltage. The zener impedance for this current range is 10 The datasheet for a particular zener gives VZ = 10 V at IZ = 500 mA. Zz for these conditions is 20 A no-load condition means that The load has infinite resistance The output terminal are open A varactor diode exhibits A variable capacitance that depends on reverse voltage An LED Emits light when forward-biased Compared to a visible red LED, an infrared LED Produces light with longer wavelengths Compared to incandescent bulbs, highintensity LEDs Are brighter Have a much longer life Use less power An OLED differs from a conventional LED in that it Has layers of organic material in the place of a pn junction Can be implemented using an inkjet printing process An infrared LED is optically coupled to a photodiode. When the LED is turned off, the reading on an ammeter in series with the reverse biased photodiode will Decrease

Q & A 1- Electronics
The internal resistance of a photodiode decrease with light intensity when reversebiased A laser diode produces coherent light monochromatic light A diode that has negative resistance characteristic is the tunnel diode in order for a system to function properly, the various types of circuits that make up the system must be properly biased properly connected properly interfaced The three terminals of a bipolar junction transistor are called base, emitter, collector In a pnp transistor, the p regions are Emitter and collector For operation as an amplifier, the base of an npn transistor must be Positive with respect to the emitter The emitter current is always Greater than the base current Greater than the collector current The DC of a transistor is its Current gain If IC is 50 times larger than IB, then DC is 50 The approximate voltage across the forwardbiased base-emitter junction of a silicon BJT is 0.7 V The bias condition for a transistor to be used as a linear amplifier is called Forward-reverse If the output of a transistor amplifier is 5 V rms and the input is 100 mV rms, the voltage gain is 50 When a lowercase r is used in relation to a transistor, it refers to An internal ac resistance In a given transistor amplifier, RC = 2.2 k and re = 20 ,the voltage gain is 110 When operated in cutoff and saturation, the transistor acts like a Switch In cutoff, VCE is Maximum Equal to VCC In saturation, VCE is Minimum In an emitter bias circuit, RE = 2.7 k and VEE = 15 V. The emitter current is 5.3 mA

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

Excel Review Center


When the critical frequencies of all of the stages are the same, the dominant critical frequency is higher than any individual f cl In the step response of a noninverting amplifier, a longer rise time means a narrower bandwidth Common types of thyristors include diacs and triacs A 4-layer diode turns on when the anode-tocathode voltage exceeds the forward-breakover voltage Once it is conducting, a 4-layer diode can be turned off by reducing the current below a certain value disconnecting the anode voltage An SCR differs from the 4-layer diode because it has a gate terminal An SCR can be turned off by forced commutation anode current interruption In the forward-blocking region, the SCR is in the off state The specified value of holding current for an SCR means that the device will turn off when the anode current falls below this value The diac is a thyristor a bilateral, two-terminal device like two parallel 4-layer diodes in reverse directions The triac is like a bidirectional SCR a four-terminal device The SCS differs from the SCR because it has two gate terminals The SCS can be turned on by a positive pulse on the cathode gate a negative pulse on the anode gate The SCS can be turned off by a negative pulse on the cathode gate and a positive pulse on the anode gate reducing the anode current to below the holding value Which of the following is not a characteristic of the UJT? bilateral conduction An integrated circuit (IC) op-amp has two inputs and one output The PUT is triggered on and off by the gate-to-anode voltage Which of the following characteristics does not necessarily apply to an op-amp? Low power

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


A differential amplifier is part of an op-amp, has two outputs When an op-amp is operated in the singleended differential mode, one input is grounded and a signal is applied to the other In the double-ended differential mode, a signal is applied between the two inputs In the common mode, an identical signal appears on both inputs Common-mode gain is very low If Aol = 3500 and Acm = 0.35, the CMRR is 10,000; 80 dB With zero volts on both inputs, an op-amp ideally should have an output equal to zero Of the values listed, the most realistic value for open-loop gain of an op-amp is 100,000 A certain op-amp has bias currents of 50A and 49.3 A. The input offset current is 700 nA The purpose of offset nulling is to zero the output error voltage The use of negative feedback reduces the voltage gain of an op-amp makes linear operation possible For an op-amp with negative feedback, the output is fed back to the inverting input A certain noninverting amplifier has an Ri of 1.0 k and an Rf of 100 k. The closed -loop gain is 101 If the feedback resistor in Question 245 is open, the voltage gain increases A certain inverting amplifier has a closed-loop gain of 25. The op-amp has an open-loop gain of 100,000. If another op-amp with an openloop gain of 200,000 is substituted in the configuration, the closed-loop gain remains at 25 A voltage-follower has a gain of 1; is noninverting has no feedback resistor Negative feedback increases the input impedance and the bandwidth Bias current compensation reduces output error voltage The midrange open-loop gain of an op-amp extends from 0Hz to the upper critical frequency

Q & A 1- Electronics
The frequency at which the open-loop gain is equal to 1 is called the unity-gain frequency Phase shift through an op-amp is caused by the internal RC circuits Each RC circuit in an op-amp causes the gain to roll off at -6 dB/octave casues the gain to roll off at -20 dB/decade If a certain op-amp has a midrange open-loop gain of 200,000 and a unity-gain frequency of 5 MHz, the gain-bandwidth product is 5,000,000 Hz The bandwidth of an ac amplifier having a lower critical frequency of 1kHz and an upper critical frequency of 10 kHz is 9 kHz The bandwidth of a dc amplifier having an upper critical frequency of 100 kHz is 100 kHz When negative feedback is used, the gainbandwidth product of an op-amp stays the same If a certain op-amp has a closed-loop gain of 20 and an upper critical frequency of 10 MHz, the gain-bandwidth product is 200 MHz the unity-gain frequency In a zero-level detector, the output changes state when the input crosses zero The zero-level detector is one application of a comparator Noise on the input of a comparator can cause the output to change back and forth erratically between two states The effects of noise can be reduced by using positive feedback using hysteresis A comparator with hysteresis has two trigger points In a comparator with hysteresis, a portion of the output is fed back to the noninverting input Using output bounding in a comparator limits the output levels A summing amplifier can have any number of inputs If the voltage gain for each input of a summing amplifier with a 4.7 k feedback resistor is unity, the input resistors must have a value of 4.7 k An averaging amplifier has five inputs. The ratio Rf/Ri must be 0.2 In a scaling adder, the input resistors are each proportional to the weight of its input

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

Excel Review Center


In an ideal integrator, the feedback element is a capacitor For a step input, the output of an integrator is a ramp The rate of change of an integrators output voltage in response to a step input is set by the RC time constant the current through the capacitor the amplitude of the step input In a differentiator, the feedback element is a resistor The output of a differentiator is proportional to the RC time constant the rate at which the input is changing When you apply a triangular waveform to the input of a differentiator, the output is a square waveform To make a basic instrumentation amplifier, it takes three op-amps and seven resistors Typically, an instrumentation amplifier has an external resistor used for setting the voltage gain Instrumentation amplifiers are used primarily in high-noise environments Isolation amplifiers are used primarily in applications where there are high voltages and sensitive equipment applications where human safety is a concern Two parts of a basic isolation amplifier are input stage and output stage The stages of many isolation amplifiers are connected by a capacitor The characteristic that allows an isolation amplifier to amplify small signal voltages in the presence of much greater noise voltages is its CMRR The term OTA means operational transconductance amplifier In an OTA, the transconductance is controlled by a bias current The voltage gain of an OTA circuit is set by the transconductance and the load resistor An OTA is basically a voltage-to-current amplifier The operation of a logarithmic amplifier is based on the logarithmic characteristic of a pn junction If the input to a log amplifier is x, the output is proportional to ex

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


A constant-current source provides a nonchanging current to a load for all values of load resistance within defined limits A peak detector consists of a comparator, a diode, and a capacitor The term pole in filter terminology refers to a single RC circuit A single resistor and a single capacitor can be connected to form a filter with a roll-off rate of -20 dB/decade; -6 dB/octave A band-pass response has two critical frequencies The lowest frequency passed by a low-pass filter is 0 Hz The quality factor (Q) of a band-pass filter depends on the center frequency and the bandwidth The damping factor of an active filter determines the response characteristic A maximally flat frequency response is known as Butterworth The damping factor of a filter is set by the negative feedback circuit The number of poles in a filter affect the roll-off rate Sallen-Key low-pass filters are second-order filters When low-pass filters are cascaded, the roll-off rate increases In a high-pass filter, the roll-off occurs above the critical frequency A two-pole Sallen-Key high-pass filter contains a feedback circuit two capacitors and two resistors When a low-pass and a high-pass filter are cascaded to get a band-pass filter, the critical frequency of the low-pass filter must be greater than the critical frequency of the high-pass filter A state-variable filter consists of a summing amplifier and two integrators When the gain of a filter is minimum at its center frequency, it is a band-stop filter a notch filter An oscillator differs from an amplifier because the oscillator requires no input signal One condition for oscillation is a phase shift around the feedback loop of 0

Q & A 1- Electronics
A second condition for oscillation for oscillation is a gain of 1 around the feedback loop In a certain oscillator, A v = 50. The attenuation of the feedback circuit must be 0.02 For an oscillator to properly start, the gain around the feedback loop must initially be greater than 1 Wien-bridge oscillators are based on positive feedback In a Wien-bridge oscillator, if the resistances in the positive feedback circuit are decreased, the frequency increases The Wien-bridge oscillators positive feedback circuit is three RC circuits Clopitts, Clapp, and Hartley are names that refer to types of LC oscillators The main feature of a crystal oscillator is stability An oscillator whose frequency is changed by a variable dc voltage is known as a VCO The operation of a relaxation oscillator is based on the charging and discharging of a capacitor Which one of the following is not an input or output of the 555 timer? Clock In the case of line regulation, when the input voltage changes, the output voltage stays constant In the case of load regulation, when the load changes, the output voltage stays constant All of the following are parts of a basic voltage regulator except voltage-follower The basic difference between a series regulator and a shunt regulator is the position of the control element In a basic series regulator, VOUT is determined by the sample circuit the reference voltage The main purpose of current limiting in a regulator is protection of the regulator from excessive current In a linear regulator, the control transistor is conducting all of the time

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

Excel Review Center


In a basic shunt regulator, VOUT is determined by the sample circuit the reference voltage In a switching regulator, the control transistor is conducting part of the time The LM317 is an example of an IC linear regulator variable positive voltage regulator An external pass transistor is used for increasing the current that the regulator can handle The atomic number of an element is determined by: The number of protons. The atomic weight of an element is approximately determined by: The number of neutrons plus the number of protons. Suppose there is an atom of oxygen, containing eight protons and eight neutrons in the nucleus, and two neutrons are added to the nucleus. The resulting atomic weight is about: 18 An ion: Might have either a positive or negative charge. An isotope: Might have either a positive or negative charge. A molecule: Might consist of just a single atom of an element. In a compound: There must always be two or more elements. An electrical insulator can be made a conductor: By ionizing. Of the following substances, the worst conductor is: Air. Of the following substances, the best conductor is: Copper. Movement of holes in a semiconductor: Results in a certain amount of electric current. If a material has low resistance: It is a good conductor. A coulomb: Is an extremely large number of charge carriers. A stroke of lightning: Is a discharge of static electricity. The volt is the standard unit of: Electromotive force. If an EMF of one volt is placed across a resistance of two ohms, then the current is: Half an ampere.

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


A backward-working electric motor is best described as: An electric generator. In some batteries, chemical energy can be replenished by: Charging it. A changing magnetic field: Produces a fluctuating electric field. Light is converted into electricity: In a photovoltaic cell. A positive electric pole: Has fewer electrons than the negative pole. An EMF of one volt: Can sometimes produce a large current. A potentially lethal electric current is on the order of: 0.1 A. A current of 25 A is most likely drawn by: A typical household. A piece of wire has a conductance of 20 siemens. Its resistance is: 0.05 . A resistor has a value of 300 ohms. Its conductance is: 3.33 mS A mile of wire has a conductance of 0.6 siemens. Then three miles of the same wire has a conductance of: 0.2 S A 2-kW generator will deliver approximately how much current, reliably, at 117 V? 17 A. A circuit breaker is 15 A at 117 V. This represents approximately how many kilowatts? 1.76. You are told that a certain air conditioner is rated at 500 BTU. What is this in kWh? 0.147. Of the following energy units, the one most often used to define electrical energy is: The kilowatt hour. The frequency of common household ac in the US is: 60 Hz. Half-wave rectification means that: Half of the ac wave is chopped off. In the output of a half-wave rectifier: The effective value is less than that of the original ac wave. In the output of a full-wave rectifier: The effective value is the same as that of the original ac wave. A low voltage, such as 12 V: Can be dangerous under certain conditions. Which of these can represent magnetomotive force? The ampere-turn. Which of the following units can represent magnetic flux density? The gauss.

Q & A 1- Electronics
A ferromagnetic material: Concentrates magnetic flux lines within itself. A coil has 500 turns and carries 75 mA of current. 37.5 At. The force between two electrically charged Electrostatic force. The change in the direction of a compass needle, when a current-carrying wire is brought near, is: Electromagnetic deflection. Suppose a certain current in a galvanometer causes the needle to deflect 20 degrees, and then this current is doubled. The needle deflection: Will increase. One important advantage of an electrostatic meter is that: It can detect ac voltages. A thermocouple: Gets warm when current flows though it. One advantage of an electromagnet meter over a permanent-magnet meter is that: The electromagnet meter is more rugged. An ammeter shunt is useful because: It allows for measurement of a wide range of currents. Voltmeters should generally have: Large internal resistance To measure power-supply voltage being used by a circuit, a voltmeter: Is placed in parallel with the circuit that works from the supply. Which of the following will not cause a major error in an ohmmeter reading? A small change in the resistance to be measured The main advantage of a FETVM over a conventional voltmeter is the fact that the FETVM: Draws less current from the circuit under test Which of the following is not a function of a fuse? To be sure there is enough current available for an appliance to work right A utility meters motor speed works directly from: The number of watts being used at the time A utility meters readout indicates: Energy A typical frequency counter: Is usually accurate to six digits or more A VU meter is never used for measurement of: Energy The meter movement in an illumination meter measures: Current An oscilloscope cannot be used to indicate: Energy

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

Excel Review Center


Suppose you double the voltage in a simple dc circuit, and cut the resistance in half. The current will become: Four times as great Biasing in an amplifier circuit: Can be done using voltage dividers A wiring diagram would most likely be found in: The service/repair manual for a radio receiver Given a dc voltage source delivering 24 V and a circuit resistance of 3.3 k, what is the current? 7.3 mA Suppose that a circuit has 472 of resistance and the current is 875 mA. Then the source voltage is: 413 V The dc voltage in a circuit is 550 mV and the current is 7.2 mA. Then the resistance is: 76 A circuit has a total resistance of 473,332 and draws 4.4 mA. The best expression for the voltage of the source is: 2.1 kV A source delivers 12 V and the current is 777 mA. Then the best expression for the resistance is: 15 The voltage is 250 V and the current is 8.0 mA. The power dissipated by the potentiometer is: 2.0 W The voltage from the source is 12 V and the potentiometer is set for 470 . The power is about: 310 mW The current through the potentiometer is 17 mA and its value is 1.22 K. The power is: 350 mW Suppose six resistors are hooked up in series, and each of them has a value of 540 . Then the total resistance is: 3.24 K Four resistors are connected in series, each with a value of 4.0 k. The total resistance is: 16 K Suppose you have three resistors in parallel, each with a value of 68,000 . Then the total resistance is: 23 K You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 100- resistors. You need to get a 100-, 10-W resistor. This can be done most cheaply by means of a series-parallel matrix of: 4 x 4 resistors You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 1000- resistors, and you need a 500- resistance rated at 7 W or more. This can be done by assembling: Four sets of two 1000- resistors in series, and connecting these four sets in parallel You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 1000- resistors, and you need to get a 3000-, 5-watt resistance. The best way is to: Do something other than any of the above Good engineering practice usually requires that a series-parallel resistive network be made: From resistors that are all the same.

Intensive Final Coaching (IFC)


In a series-connected string of holiday ornament bulbs, if one bulb gets shorted out, which of these is most likely? The current in the string will go up.

Q & A 1- Electronics
A resistor has a value of 680 , and you expect it will have to draw 1 mA maximum continuous current. What power rating is best for this application? W Suppose a 1-K resistor will dissipate 1.05 W, and you have many 1-W resistors of all common values. If theres room for 20-percent resistance error, the cheapest solution is to use: Two 2.2 K, 1-W resistors in parallel Red, red, red, gold indicates a resistance of: 2.2 K The actual resistance of the above unit can be expected to vary by how much above or below the specified value? 110 A resistor has three bands: gray, red, yellow. This unit can be expected to have a value within approximately what range? 660 K to 980 K The chemical energy in a battery or cell: Changes to kinetic energy when the cell is used A cell that cannot be recharged is: A primary cell A Weston cell is generally used: As a voltage reference source The voltage in a battery is: More than the voltage in a cell of the same kind A direct short-circuit of a battery can cause: An explosion A cell of 1.5 V supplies 100 mA for seven hours and twenty minutes, and then it is replaced. It has supplied: 733 mAh A 12-V auto battery is rated at 36 Ah. If a 100W, 12-Vdc bulb is connected across this battery, about how long will the bulb stray lit, if the battery has been fully charged? 4 hours and 20 minutes Alkaline cells: Are generally better in radios than zinccarbon cells The energy in a cell or battery depends mainly on: Its physical size In which of the following places would a lantern battery most likely be found? A two-way portable radio In which of the following places would a transistor battery be the best power-source choice? An electronic calculator In which of the following places would you most likely choose a lithium battery? A microcomputer memory backup Where would you most likely find a lead-acid battery? In a portable video camera/recorder A cell or battery that keeps up a constant current-delivering capability almost until it dies is said to have: A flat discharge curve

Fill in the blank in the following sentence. In a either a series or a parallel circuit, the sum of the ______s in each component is equal to the total _____ provided by the supply. Wattage In a voltage divider network, the total resistance: Should be as small as the power supply will allow The maximum voltage output from a voltage divider: Is equal to the supply voltage A transistor can be protected from needless overheating by: Current-limiting resistors Bleeder resistors: Are connected across the capacitor in a power supply Carbon-composition resistors: Are comparatively nonreactive The best place to use a wirewound resistor is: In a high-power, direct-current circuit A metal-film resistor: Has less reactance than a wirewound type A meter-sensitivity control in a test equipment would probably be: A linear-taper potentiometer A volume control in a stereo compact-disc player would probably be: A logarithmic-taper potentiometer If a sound triples in actual power level, approximately what is the decibel increase? 5 dB Suppose a sound changes in volume by 13 dB. If the original sound power is 1 W, what is the final sound power? 50 mW The sound from a transistor radio is at a level of 50 dB. How many times the threshold of hearing is this, in terms of actual sound power? 100,000 An advantage of a rheostat over a potentiometer is that: A rheostat can handle more current A resistor is specified as having a value of 68, but is measured with an ohmmeter as 63. The value is off by: 7.4 percent Suppose a resistor is rated at 3.3K, plus or minus 5 percent. This means it can be expected to have a value between: 3,135 and 3,465 A package of resistors is rated at 56 , plus or minus 10 percent. You test them with an ohmmeter. Which of the following values indicates a reject? 50.0

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90

Manila: 3rd & 4th Fl. CMFFI Building R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291