LEBANON Law on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property* (No. 75 of April 3, !!!

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#ABLE O$ %ON#EN#&** Articles %hapter '( )efinitions %hapter ''( Protected *or+s , - . %hapter '''( %opyri/ht 0older and #er1s of Protection 5 %hapter '2( %riteria of Eli/i3ility for Protection , - 3 %hapter 2( 4i/hts En5oyed 3y %opyri/ht 0olders . - ,, %hapter 2'( E6ceptions ,3 - 3. %hapter 2''( 4elated 4i/hts 35 - .7 %hapter 2'''( #er1s of Protection .! - 57 %hapter '8( %ollecti9e :ana/e1ent Associations and %o1panies 57 - 75 %hapter 8( )eposit 7; - 7< %hapter 8'( Pro9isional :eas=res, )a1a/es and &anctions 7 - !7 %hapter 8''( #ransitional and #e1porary Pro9isions !7 - < %hapter ' )efinitions . $or the p=rpose of applyin/ the pro9isions of this Law, the 1eanin/ of the ter1s and e6pressions hereinafter shall 3e as follows, =nless otherwise indicated in the conte6t. #hese definitions apply also to related ri/hts. >Perfor1ance of wor+> 1eans the e6ec=tion of a wor+ thro=/h e6hi3ition, playin/ 1=sic, recitin/, narratin/, actin/, dancin/ or any other 1eans whether directly or thro=/h any 1eans or de9ice. >P=3lic perfor1ance> 1eans a perfor1ance which is /i9en in a place or places where the n=13er of persons present e6ceeds the 1e13ers of one fa1ily and their direct ac?=aintances. >Broadcastin/> 1eans the trans1ission of the wor+ for p=3lic reception 3y wireless 1eans incl=din/ trans1ission 3y satellite. >%o1p=ter pro/ra1> 1eans a set of orders e6pressed in words or sy13ols or in any other for1 which when entered into a 1atter reada3le 3y a co1p=ter shall ena3le the co1p=ter to perfor1 or e6ec=te a certain tas+ or /i9e a certain res=lt. >Phono/ra1@so=nd recordin/> 1eans e9ery fi6ation 3y any physical 1eans of the so=nds of a perfor1ance

or of other so=nds, whether res=ltin/ fro1 the perfor1ance of a wor+ or not, other than a fi6ation incorporated in an a=dio9is=al wor+. >4epro/raphic reprod=ction> 1eans 1a+in/ copies fro1 the ori/inal of a wor+ 3y 1eans other than printin/, s=ch as photocopyin/, and incl=des enlar/ed or red=ced copies of the wor+. >4elated ri/hts> 1eans the ri/hts that perfor1ers, prod=cers of phono/ra1s, tele9ision and radio 3roadcastin/ or/aniAations and p=3lishin/ ho=ses en5oy. >*or+> 1eans e9ery wor+ within the 1eanin/ of Articles , and 3 of this Law. >%ollecti9e wor+> 1eans a wor+ in which 1ore than one nat=ral person participates =nder the initiati9e and s=per9ision of a nat=ral person who, or le/al entity which, =nderta+es to p=3lish it =nder his@its own na1e. >A=dio9is=al wor+> 1eans e9ery wor+ consistin/ of a set of consec=ti9e i1a/es related to each other, whether acco1panied 3y so=nd or not, and that /i9es the i1pression of 1otion if displayed, 3roadcast or trans1itted with special de9ices. >*or+ of 5oint a=thorship> 1eans e9ery wor+ created 3y 1ore than one a=thor on condition that the said wor+ does not constit=te a collecti9e wor+. >Prod=cer of so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1 or a=dio9is=al wor+> 1eans the nat=ral person who, or le/al entity which, ta+es the initiati9e and responsi3ility for prod=cin/ the a=dio9is=al wor+ or so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1. >A=thor> 1eans the nat=ral person who creates a certain wor+. >4eprod=ction> 1eans 1a+in/ one or 1ore copies of any wor+ 3y any 1eans or in any for1, incl=din/ a per1anent or te1porary recordin/ on phono/ra1 records, tapes, dis+s, electronic 1e1ory, and this also incl=des iss=in/ a copy in two di1ensions of a three-di1ensional wor+, or a copy in three di1ensions of a two-di1ensional wor+. >%opy> 1eans the prod=ct of any copyin/, recordin/, printin/, or photocopyin/ of the ori/inal wor+. >P=3lication> 1eans 1a+in/ copies of the wor+ or of the so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1 a9aila3le to the p=3lic in reasona3le ?=antities with the consent of the a=thor or the prod=cer of the so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1, 3y 1eans of sellin/, rentin/, or any other 1eans of property transfer or ac?=isition of a copy of the wor+ or the so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1 or of the ri/ht to =se the1. #he word >p=3lication> also 1eans 1a+in/ copies of the wor+ or so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1 a9aila3le to the p=3lic 3y any electronic 1eans.

#he perfor1ance of a dra1atic, dra1atico-1=sical, cine1ato/raphic or 1=sical wor+, the p=3lic recitation of a literary wor+, the co11=nication 3y wire or the 3roadcastin/ of artistic or literary wor+s, the e6hi3ition of a wor+ of art and the constr=ction of a wor+ of architect=re shall not 3e considered p=3lication. A so=nd recordin/@phono/ra1 is not considered p=3lished if recei9ed 3y any de9ice, or 1eans or if 3roadcast. >%o11=nication to the p=3lic> 1eans 1a+in/ the wor+ a9aila3le to the p=3lic 3y wire or wireless trans1ission of so=nds and@or i1a/es, in s=ch a way as to allow the p=3lic to hear or 9iew the wor+ at a distance fro1 the 3roadcastin/ center. #his incl=des 1a+in/ the wor+ a9aila3le to the p=3lic 3y wire or wireless 1eans (li+e the internet" in s=ch a way that e9ery person 1ay access it fro1 a place and at a ti1e chosen 3y the1. %hapter '' Protected *or+s ,. #he protection of this Law shall apply to e9ery prod=ction of the h=1an spirit 3e it written, pictorial, sc=lpt=ral, 1an=script or oral, re/ardless of its 9al=e, i1portance or p=rpose and the 1ode or for1 of its e6pression. #he protection of this Law shall apply, a1on/ other wor+s, to( - 3oo+s, archi9es, pa1phlets, p=3lications, printed 1aterial and other literary, scientific and artistic writin/sB - lect=res, addresses and other oral wor+sB - a=dio9is=al wor+s and photo/raphsB - 1=sical co1positions with or witho=t wordsB - dra1atic or dra1atico-1=sical wor+sB - choreo/raphic wor+s and panto1i1esB - drawin/s, sc=lpt=re, en/ra9in/, orna1entation, wea9in/ and litho/raphyB - ill=strations and drawin/s related to architect=reB - co1p=ter pro/ra1s whate9er their lan/=a/e and incl=din/ preli1inary wor+B - 1aps, plans, s+etches and three-di1ensional wor+s relati9e to /eo/raphy, topo/raphy, architect=re or scienceB - any +ind of plastic art wor+ whether intended for ind=stry or not. 3. #he followin/ deri9ati9e wor+s shall 3e s=35ect to the pro9isions of this Law and shall 3e protected as ori/inal wor+s witho=t pre5=dice to the ri/hts in the ori/inal wor+( - translations, adaptations, transfor1ations and arran/e1ents of 1=sicB - collections of literary or artistic wor+s and co1pilations of data, whether in 1achine-reada3le or other for1, pro9ided that they are a=thoriAed 3y the copyri/ht holder or his p=3lic or pri9ate s=ccessors and that 3y reason of the selection and arran/e1ent of their contents they constit=te intellect=al creations.

.. #he followin/ shall 3e e6cl=ded fro1 the protection pro9ided 3y this Law( - daily newsB - laws, le/islati9e decrees, decrees and decisions iss=ed 3y all p=3lic a=thorities and official translations thereofB - 5=dicial decisions of all +inds and official translations thereofB - speeches deli9ered in p=3lic asse13lies and 1eetin/s. #he a=thors of speeches and presentations shall en5oy the sole ri/ht of collectin/ and p=3lishin/ s=ch lect=res and presentationsB - ideas, data and a3stract scientific factsB - artistic fol+loric wor+s of all +inds. 0owe9er, wor+s inspired 3y fol+lore shall en5oy protection. %hapter ''' %opyri/ht 0older and #er1s of Protection 5. #he a=thor of any artistic or literary wor+ shall, as a res=lt of the creation of the wor+, ha9e an a3sol=te property ri/ht o9er his wor+ and shall reser9e all his ri/hts witho=t ha9in/ to follow any for1alities. ;. 'n the case of a 5oint wor+ in which each contri3=tion consists of an inte/ral part of the wor+ as a whole, all the contri3=tors shall 3e considered coa=thors and co-owners of copyri/ht in the wor+. 0owe9er, if it is possi3le to distin/=ish the contri3=tion of each a=thor fro1 the others, each of the 5oint a=thors shall 3e considered the a=thor of his own contri3=tion. 'n a 5oint wor+, none of the coa=thors 1ay, in the a3sence of any written a/ree1ent to the contrary, e6ercise copyri/ht witho=t the consent of the other a=thors. 7. 'n the case of a collecti9e wor+, the nat=ral person who, or le/al entity which, too+ the initiati9e to create the wor+ and s=per9ise its e6ec=tion shall, in the a3sence of any a/ree1ent to the contrary, 3e considered the copyri/ht holder. 7. 'n the case of a wor+ created 3y nat=ral persons wor+in/ =nder a wor+ contract for a nat=ral person or le/al entity in the co=rse of perfor1in/ their d=ties or professional o3li/ations, the e1ployer shall, in the a3sence of any a/ree1ent to the contrary, 3e the copyri/ht holder and shall e6ercise the ri/hts pro9ided for in Article 5 of this Law. !. 'n the case of an a=dio9is=al wor+, the prod=cer shall, in the a3sence of any a/ree1ent to the contrary, 3e considered the copyri/ht holder. <. 'n the case of anony1o=s and pse=dony1o=s wor+s, the nat=ral person who, or le/al entity which, p=3lished the wor+ shall 3e considered the a=thor. 0owe9er sho=ld the identity of the a=thor 3e re9ealed, he hi1self shall e6ercise these ri/hts.

. #he person whose na1e is shown on a literary or artistic wor+ in the co11only +nown way shall, =nless pro9ed otherwise, 3e considered the a=thor. %hapter '2 %riteria of Eli/i3ility for Protection ,. #he protection of this Law shall apply to the artistic and literary wor+s of the followin/( - Le3anese a=thors, where9er they resideB - non-Le3anese a=thors who are nationals of, or resident in, a &tate party to the Berne %on9ention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic *or+s or the Cni9ersal %opyri/ht %on9entionB - a=thors who are nationals of any &tate that is a 1e13er of the Ara3 Lea/=e 3=t which is not party to the a3o9e-1entioned %on9entions, pro9ided reciprocal treat1ent is appliedB - prod=cers of a=dio9is=al wor+s who ha9e their head?=arters or ha3it=al residence in Le3anon or in any &tate party to the Berne %on9ention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic *or+s or the Cni9ersal %opyri/ht %on9ention. 3. #he protection of this Law shall apply to( - literary and artistic wor+s first p=3lished in Le3anonB - literary and artistic wor+s first p=3lished in a &tate party to one of the a3o9e-1entioned %on9entionsB - literary and artistic wor+s first p=3lished o=tside Le3anon and o=tside the &tates party to one of the a3o9e1entioned %on9entions, pro9ided that they are p=3lished in Le3anon or in a &tate party to the a3o9e1entioned %on9entions within 3< days of their p=3lication in the other co=ntry. %hapter 2 4i/hts En5oyed 3y %opyri/ht 0olders .. #he copyri/ht holder shall en5oy econo1ic and 1oral ri/hts. 5. #he copyri/ht holder shall ha9e the e6cl=si9e ri/ht to e6ploit the wor+ co11ercially and, accordin/ly, shall ha9e the ri/ht to a=thoriAe or prohi3it the followin/( - any copyin/, printin/, recordin/ and reprod=ction of the wor+ in any 1anner or for1 incl=din/ photo/raphy, cine1ato/raphy, so=nd or 9is=al recordin/s of any +ind or any other for1B - any translation, adaptation, alteration, transfor1ation, s=11ariAin/, rewor+in/ of the wor+ or rearran/e1ent of the 1=sicB - the sale, distri3=tion or rental of the wor+B - the i1portation of copies of the wor+ 1an=fact=red a3roadB - the p=3lic perfor1ance of the wor+B - co11=nication to the p=3lic of the wor+ 3y wire or wireless 1eans, whether thro=/h hertAian wa9es or the li+e or thro=/h coded or =ncoded satellites, incl=din/ the re3roadcast of nor1al tele9ision or radio 3roadcasts or satellite trans1issions 3y any 1eans of diff=sion of so=nds and i1a/es. ;. #he econo1ic ri/hts of the a=thor shall 3e considered as 1o9a3le ri/hts and 1ay 3e transferred in

whole or in part. 7. Any contract for the e6ploitation or assi/n1ent of econo1ic ri/hts shall, whate9er its s=35ect, 3e drawn =p in writin/, otherwise it shall entail n=llity of the contract. 't shall set o=t in detail the ri/hts co9ered 3y the contract and indicate the ti1e and location. #he contract shall also re?=ire that the a=thor /ets a percenta/e of the e6ploitation re9en=es and assi/n1ent proceeds. 'f s=ch a contract does not set a ti1e li1it, it shall 3e 9alid for < years only fro1 the date of si/nat=re of the contract. 7. #he assi/n1ent in whole of f=t=re wor+s shall 3e considered as 9oid. !. #he assi/n1ent 3y the a=thor of any of his ri/hts 1=st 3e li1ited in all cases to that ri/ht only and copyri/ht contracts shall 3e constr=ed in a restricti9e 1anner. ,<. #he a=thor and co1poser of a son/ shall ha9e e?=al ri/hts in that wor+, =nless a/reed otherwise. , . 'ndependently of the ri/hts pro9ided for in the pre9io=s Article and e9en after the assi/n1ent of the said ri/hts, the a=thor shall en5oy the followin/ 1oral ri/hts( - the ri/ht to disclose the wor+ and to deter1ine the way and 1ethod of s=ch disclos=reB - the ri/ht to clai1 a=thorship of the wor+ and to ha9e his na1e 1entioned on e9ery copy of the wor+ each ti1e the wor+ is =sed in p=3licB - the ri/ht to =se a pse=dony1 or to re1ain anony1o=sB - the ri/ht to o35ect to any distortion, 1=tilation or 1odification of the wor+ which wo=ld 3e pre5=dicial to his honor, rep=tation, fa1e or artistic, literary or scientific positionB - the ri/ht to rescind contracts for the assi/n1ent of econo1ic ri/hts e9en after their p=3lication if rescission is necessary to safe/=ard his person and rep=tation or is d=e to a chan/e in his 3eliefs or in the circ=1stances, pro9ided that third parties are co1pensated for da1a/e res=ltin/ fro1 s=ch rescission. ,,. 't shall not 3e per1itted to assi/n or attach the 1oral ri/hts of the a=thor 3=t the said ri/hts 1ay 3e trans1itted 3y testa1entary disposition or inheritance laws. %hapter 2' E6ceptions ,3. *itho=t pre5=dice to the pro9isions of Article ,. of this Law, any nat=ral person 1ay, for his personal and pri9ate =se, copy, record or 1a+e a sin/le copy of any wor+ protected =nder this Law witho=t the a=thoriAation or consent of the copyri/ht holder and witho=t ha9in/ to pay hi1 any co1pensation, pro9ided that the wor+ has 3een le/ally p=3lished. #he =se of a copy copied or reprod=ced inside a co1pany or at any other wor+ place shall not 3e considered as personal and pri9ate =se.

,.. #he e6ception pro9ided for in the pre9io=s Article shall not apply if it is pre5=dicial to the other ri/hts and interests of the copyri/ht holder. 'n partic=lar, it shall 3e prohi3ited to( - e6ec=te an architect=ral wor+ in the for1 of a co1plete or partial constr=ctionB - copy, record or reprod=ce any wor+ of which a li1ited n=13er of ori/inal copies are p=3lishedB - reprod=ce the whole or a si/nificant part of a 3oo+B - record or trans1it co1pilations of data of all +indsB - record or copy co1p=ter pro/ra1s =nless the record or copy is 1ade 3y the person a=thoriAed 3y the copyri/ht holder to =se the pro/ra1 and for the p=rpose of 1a+in/ a sin/le copy for =se in the case of loss or da1a/e of the ori/inal copy. ,5. Non-profit-1a+in/ ed=cational instit=tions, =ni9ersities and p=3lic li3raries 1ay, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, reprod=ce a li1ited n=13er of co1p=ter pro/ra1s for the p=rpose of lendin/ the1 free of char/e to st=dents and =ni9ersity people, pro9ided that they possess at least one ori/inal copy of the wor+ and pro9ided that the :inistry of Ed=cation, the :inistry of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation and the :inistry of #echnical and 2ocational Ed=cation s=3se?=ently iss=e decrees deter1inin/ the copyin/ 1echanis1, the cate/ories of co1p=ter pro/ra1s that 1ay 3e copied and the n=13er of copies allowed. &t=dents 1ay 1a+e one copy for their personal =se. 't shall also 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to =se a li1ited part of any le/ally p=3lished wor+ for p=rposes of criticis1, ar/=1entation or citation or for an ed=cational p=rpose, pro9ided that the part =sed does not e6ceed what is necessary and c=sto1ary. 0owe9er, the na1e of the a=thor and the so=rce shall always 3e indicated, if the na1e of the a=thor is incl=ded in the wor+. ,;. 't shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to copy or reprod=ce articles p=3lished in newspapers and 1a/aAines or short e6cerpts of a wor+, pro9ided that it is done solely for ed=cational p=rposes and within the necessary li1its of s=ch p=rpose. 'f the na1es of the a=thor(s" and the p=3lisher appear on the ori/inal wor+, they shall 3e 1entioned in each and e9ery =se of the copy of the article or wor+. ,7. Non-profit-1a+in/ p=3lic li3raries 1ay, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, 1a+e an additional copy of a wor+ to 3e =sed in case of loss or da1a/e of the

ori/inal wor+, pro9ided that they possess at least one copy of the ori/inal wor+. ,7. 't shall 3e per1itted, 3y decision of the :inister of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to copy, reprod=ce or record an a=dio9is=al wor+ of special artistic 9al=e in order to +eep it in the :inistryDs archi9es, in case the copyri/ht holder =nfairly ref=ses to a=thoriAe the 1a+in/ of the said copy. ,!. 't shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to copy, reprod=ce or record a specific wor+ for =se in 5=dicial or ad1inistrati9e proceedin/s and within the li1its re?=ired 3y s=ch proceedin/s. 3<. #he 1edia shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor, witho=t o3li/ation to pay co1pensation to the a=thor, and within the li1its of fair practice, to =se short e6cerpts of wor+s that are displayed or heard d=rin/ c=rrent e9ents in the co=rse of reportin/ s=ch e9ents in the 1edia, pro9ided that the na1e of the a=thor and the so=rce are 1entioned. 3 . #he 1edia shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to p=3lish pict=res of architect=ral wor+s, 9is=al artistic wor+s, photo/raphic wor+s or wor+s of applied art, pro9ided that s=ch wor+s are a9aila3le in places open to the p=3lic. 3,. 't shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to display or perfor1 a wor+ in p=3lic d=rin/ the followin/ occasions( - official cere1onies within the li1its re?=ired for s=ch cere1oniesB - acti9ities carried o=t 3y ed=cational instit=tions d=rin/ which teachers or st=dents =se the wor+, pro9ided that the a=dience is li1ited to the teachers, st=dents, st=dentsD parents and persons directly in9ol9ed in the acti9ities of the said ed=cational instit=tion. 33. 't shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to display an artistic wor+ in 1=se=1s or in e6hi3itions or/aniAed inside 1=se=1s pro9ided that the 1=se=1 owns the tan/i3le 1aterial that contains the wor+ and that s=ch display is not pre5=dicial to the le/al interests of the a=thor. 3.. 't shall 3e per1itted, witho=t the a=thoriAation of the a=thor and witho=t o3li/ation to pay hi1 co1pensation, to copy or reprod=ce an artistic wor+ for the p=rpose of p=3lishin/ it in catalo/=es intended to facilitate the sale of the wor+, pro9ided that s=ch copyin/ or reprod=ction is not pre5=dicial to the le/al interests of the a=thor. %hapter 2'' 4elated 4i/hts

35. Prod=cers of so=nd recordin/s, radio and tele9ision 3roadcastin/ or/aniAations, p=3lishin/ ho=ses and perfor1ers s=ch as actors, 1=sicians, sin/ers, 1e13ers of 1=sical /ro=ps, dancers, artists of p=ppet shows and circ=s artists shall 3e considered as holders of related ri/hts. 3;. Prod=cers of so=nd recordin/s shall en5oy protection in the followin/ cases( (a" if the prod=cer of the so=nd recordin/ is Le3anese or a national of a &tate party to the 4o1e %on9ention !; -'nternational %on9ention for the Protection of Perfor1ers, Prod=cers of Phono/ra1s and Broadcastin/ Or/aniAations, done at 4o1e on Octo3er ,;, !; B (3" if the first fi6ation of so=nd is =nderta+en in a &tate party to the a3o9e-1entioned %on9entionB (c" if the so=nd recordin/ is first p=3lished in a &tate party to the a3o9e-1entioned %on9ention. 'f the so=nd recordin/ is first p=3lished in a co=ntry that is not party to the 4o1e %on9ention and p=3lished afterwards, within 3< days of the first p=3lication, in a &tate that is party to the said %on9ention, the said so=nd recordin/ shall 3e considered as first p=3lished in the &tate party to the %on9ention. 37. Perfor1ers shall en5oy protection in the followin/ cases( (a" when their perfor1ance is =nderta+en in Le3anon or in a &tate party to the 4o1e %on9entionB (3" when their perfor1ance is fi6ed in a so=nd recordin/ protected =nder Article 3; of this LawB (c" when their =nfi6ed perfor1ance is fi6ed in a so=nd recordin/ thro=/h a pro/ra1 protected =nder Article 37 of this Law. 37. Broadcastin/ or/aniAations shall en5oy protection in the followin/ two cases( (a" if the head?=arters of the or/aniAation is in Le3anon or in a &tate party to the 4o1e %on9entionB (3" if the pro/ra1 is 3roadcast 9ia a trans1ission de9ice in Le3anon or in a &tate party to the 4o1e %on9ention. 3!. *itho=t pre5=dice to the pro9isions of Article 5 of this Law, perfor1ers shall ha9e the ri/ht to a=thoriAe or prohi3it the followin/( - the 3roadcastin/ or co11=nication to the p=3lic of their =nfi6ed perfor1ance =nless the 3roadcastin/ or co11=nication is a re3roadcast of a pre9io=sly a=thoriAed 3roadcastB - the fi6ation or recordin/ of their =nfi6ed perfor1ance on any tan/i3le 1aterialB - the copyin/, sale or rental of any recordin/s containin/ an =na=thoriAed fi6ation of their perfor1anceB .<. Perfor1ers participatin/ in a 5oint wor+ or show shall elect 3y relati9e 1a5ority one person to represent the1 in the e6ercise of their ri/hts stated in Article 3! of this Law.

. . Prod=cers, who are a=thoriAed 3y the perfor1ers to =nderta+e the first fi6ation of an a=dio9is=al wor+ on any tan/i3le 1atter, shall ha9e the e6cl=si9e ri/ht to copy, distri3=te, sell and rent the a=dio9is=al wor+ they ha9e prod=ced and co11=nicate it to the p=3lic. .,. #he radio and tele9ision co1panies, esta3lish1ents and corporations referred to in Article 37 of this Law, shall ha9e the ri/ht to a=thoriAe or prohi3it the followin/( - the re3roadcastin/ of their pro/ra1s 3y whate9er 1eansB - the showin/ of their tele9ision pro/ra1s in places where entrance is per1itted =pon pay1ent of an entrance feeB - the recordin/ of their pro/ra1s on tan/i3le 1aterial for co11ercial p=rposesB - the copyin/ of =na=thoriAed recordin/s of their radio and tele9ision pro/ra1s. .3. Prod=cers of so=nd recordin/s shall ha9e the ri/ht to a=thoriAe or prohi3it direct and indirect copyin/ as well as the rental of s=ch recordin/s for co11ercial p=rposes. ... Perfor1ers shall ha9e the ri/ht, d=rin/ their lifeti1e, to clai1 a=thorship of, and to o35ect to any alteration or 1odification of, their perfor1ance. #his ri/ht shall pass to the heirs of the perfor1er after his death. .5. P=3lishers of written or printed wor+s shall ha9e the ri/ht to a=thoriAe or prohi3it the copyin/ of s=ch wor+s 3y 1eans of photocopyin/ or co11ercial e6ploitation. .;. Any a/ree1ent on related ri/hts shall 3e concl=ded in writin/. .7. #he e6ceptions set forth in Articles ,3 to 3. of this Law shall apply to the ri/hts pro9ided for in Articles 35 to .5 of this Law. .7. #he protection of related ri/hts shall not affect any of the ri/hts in respect of ori/inal and deri9ati9e wor+s protected =nder this Law. Any interpretation of any of the ri/hts /ranted =nder this %hapter shall not affect the ri/hts of the ori/inal a=thor. %hapter 2''' #er1s of Protection .!. #he ter1 of protection /ranted =nder this Law to the econo1ic ri/hts of the a=thor, shall 3e the life of the a=thor and 5< years after his death, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the death has occ=rred. 5<. 'n the case of a wor+ of 5oint a=thorship, the ter1 of protection shall 3e the life of the 5oint a=thors and 5< years after the death of the last 5oint a=thor, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the death has occ=rred. &ho=ld one of the a=thors die witho=t lea9in/ heirs, his share shall pass to the coa=thors or to

their heirs, =nless stated otherwise. 5 . 'n the case of collecti9e and a=dio9is=al wor+s, the ter1 of protection shall 3e 5< years to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the wor+ has 3een 1ade a9aila3le to the p=3lic or, failin/ s=ch e9ent, 5< years fro1 the 1a+in/ of s=ch wor+, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the wor+ has 3een co1pleted. 5,. 'n the case of anony1o=s or pse=dony1o=s wor+s, the ter1 of protection shall e6pire 5< years after the wor+ has 3een lawf=lly 1ade a9aila3le to the p=3lic. 0owe9er, if the pse=dony1 adopted 3y the a=thor lea9es no do=3t as to his identity, or if the identity of the a=thor of an anony1o=s or pse=dony1o=s wor+ is disclosed 3efore the e6piration of the 5<year period startin/ fro1 the end of the year in which the wor+ was lawf=lly 1ade a9aila3le to the p=3lic, the pro9isions of Article .! of this Law shall apply. 'n the case of posth=1o=s wor+s or wor+s p=3lished in the na1e of a le/al person, the ter1 of protection shall 3e 5< years to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the wor+ was p=3lished. 53. All 1oral ri/hts of a=thors or perfor1ers shall en5oy perpet=al protection that shall not 3e s=35ect to prescription. #hey shall 3e trans1itted to third parties 3y testa1entary disposition or =nder inheritance laws. 5.. All econo1ic related ri/hts of perfor1ers shall en5oy protection for a period of 5< years to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the perfor1ance has 3een carried o=t. 55. #he ter1 of protection /ranted to prod=cers of so=nd recordin/s shall 3e 5< years, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the first fi6ation of so=nd on tan/i3le 1aterial has ta+en place. 5;. #he ter1 of protection /ranted to 3roadcastin/ or/aniAations shall 3e 5< years, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the 3roadcastin/ of their pro/ra1s has ta+en place. 57. #he ter1 of protection /ranted to p=3lishin/ ho=ses shall 3e 5< years, to 3e co1p=ted fro1 the end of the year in which the first p=3lication has ta+en place. %hapter '8 %ollecti9e :ana/e1ent Associations and %o1panies 57. A=thors and holders of related ri/hts or their =ni9ersal or partic=lar s=ccessors 1ay assi/n the 1ana/e1ent of their ri/hts and the collection, in whole or in part, of royalties d=e to ci9il associations or co1panies for1ed a1on/ the1.

5!. Assi/n1ent shall 3e 1ade 3y way of a written power of attorney drafted 3efore a notary p=3lic and e6plicitly statin/ all the ri/hts the 1ana/e1ent of which are assi/ned to the association or co1pany. #he power of attorney shall 3e li1ited in ti1e and 1ay incl=de all or part of the present or f=t=re wor+s of the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts. 'f there is /ro=nd for do=3t, all the wor+s shall 3e considered as co9ered 3y the power of attorney. ;<. Any association or co1pany willin/ to =nderta+e the collecti9e 1ana/e1ent of ri/hts 1=st, 3efore carryin/ o=t any acti9ity, deposit with the :inistry of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation a le/al attestation certifyin/ the constit=tion of the association accordin/ to the Law of Associations, or a certificate of re/istration of the co1pany with the co1petent re/istrar, in addition to the followin/ doc=1ents( - a copy of the Articles of AssociationB - the na1e and address of the director in char/eB - the n=13er of a=thors and holders of related ri/hts that ha9e assi/ned the 1ana/e1ent of their ri/hts and the collection of their royalties to the association or co1panyB - a copy of the pro6ies /ranted to the association or co1pany 3y the a=thors, the holders of related ri/hts or their =ni9ersal or partic=lar s=ccessorsB - the ter1 of the pro6iesB - the 1ode of distri3=tion of the royalties collectedB - the ann=al 3=d/et of the association or co1pany. ; . #he associations or co1panies for the collecti9e 1ana/e1ent of ri/hts shall 3e s=35ect to the a=thority and control of the :inistry of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation and they shall pro9ide the :inistry with all necessary records and acco=nt 3oo+s for 1inisterial control. ;,. Each association or co1pany 1=st appoint a certified acco=ntant to a=dit its records and s=31it an ann=al report to the Eeneral Asse13ly. 0owe9er, the association or co1pany 1=st o3tain an ann=al report fro1 another certified acco=ntant. ;3. Each asociation or co1pany 1=st hold at least one /eneral asse13ly a year to 9ote on the report of the president, the financial reports, the 3alance sheet of the pre9io=s year and the 3=d/et of the followin/ year. ;.. P=rs=ant to the le/islation re/=latin/ the le/al profession, each association or co1pany 1=st appoint a lawyer fro1 the Bar as its le/al cons=ltant. ;5. 'f the association or co1pany co11its a serio=s infraction or in the e9ent of a repetition of a le/al or

re/=latory infraction, the :inister of %=lt=re or 0i/her Ed=cation 1ay refer the file to the p=3lic prosec=tor for action. ;;. #he %o=ncil of :inisters shall, within three 1onths of the p=3lication of this Law in the official /aAette and =pon the reco11endation of the :inister of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation, iss=e a decree prescri3in/ the 1ode of esta3lish1ent and f=nctionin/ of the said associations and co1panies and the 1anner in which the :inistry of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation shall 1onitor their acti9ities and esta3lish 9iolations. ;7. #he associations or co1panies for the collecti9e 1ana/e1ent of ri/hts shall ha9e the followin/ responsi3ilities( - to arran/e contracts with the parties =sin/ the wor+ and to deter1ine the royalties to 3e collectedB - to distri3=te the royalties collected a1on/ the eli/i3le partiesB - to ta+e all ad1inistrati9e, 5=dicial, ar3itral and a1ica3le 1eas=res to protect the le/iti1ate ri/hts of their clients and to collect royalties d=eB - to o3tain fro1 the =sers of the wor+ all necessary infor1ation for the co1p=tation, collection and distri3=tion of royalties. ;7. #he associations or co1panies for the collecti9e 1ana/e1ent of ri/hts shall not ha9e the ri/ht to ref=se to arran/e contracts =nder Article ;7 of this Law with the =sers of the wor+s witho=t a le/iti1ate reason. ;!. #he =ser of the wor+ 1=st s=31it to the association or co1pany a list of the e6ploitations that he has =nderta+en s=ch as the copyin/, sale, rental or tele9ision or radio 3roadcastin/ of the wor+ and he shall indicate the n=13er of copies, the n=13er of p=3lic displays of the wor+ or the n=13er of tele9ision or radio 3roadcasts. 7<. %o1panies and associations shall not ha9e the ri/ht to ref=se to ad1inister the ri/hts of an a=thor or collect the royalties owed to hi1 witho=t a le/iti1ate reason. 7 . Each co1pany or association 1=st s=31it an ann=al report to the a=thors that ha9e e1powered it to ad1inister their ri/hts and collect royalties owed to the1 so that the a=thors can e6press their opinions as to the a1o=nts collected, the 1ethod of collection and distri3=tion and other ad1inistrati9e iss=es. #he association 1=st ta+e these co11ents into acco=nt when for1=latin/ or 1odifyin/ its 1ethods of collection and ad1inistration.

7,. #he a=thors, the holders of related ri/hts and their representati9es shall ha9e the ri/ht to e6a1ine the acco=nts of the co1pany or the association to which they are affiliated whene9er they dee1 it necessary. 73. #he a=thors and the holders of related ri/hts which ha9e e1powered a specific association or co1pany to ad1inister their ri/hts and collect their royalties 1=st infor1 the association or the co1pany in writin/ of the wor+s they ha9e p=3lished or those they intend to p=3lish after the date on which they ha9e a=thoriAed the co1pany or the association to ad1inister their ri/hts and collect their royalties. 7.. %ollected a1o=nts shall, at least once a year, 3e distri3=ted a1on/ ri/ht holders in proportion to the act=al =se of their wor+s. 75. #he power of attorney 1ay 3e cancelled 3y the a=thor, the holder of related ri/hts or the association or co1pany pro9ided that there is a le/iti1ate reason for s=ch cancellation and that the other party is ser9ed notice three 1onths 3efore the end of the year. #he cancellation shall ha9e effect as of the end of the year in which the other party has 3een ser9ed notice of the intention to cancel. %hapter 8 )eposit 7;. *or+s, so=nd recordin/s, perfor1ances, and radio or tele9ision pro/ra1s shall 3e deposited with the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office at the :inistry of Econo1y and #rade. #he deposit shall constit=te a pres=1ption as to the ownership 3y the depositor of the wor+, the so=nd recordin/, the perfor1ance or the radio or tele9ision pro/ra1. &=ch pres=1ption 1ay 3e ref=ted 3y all a9aila3le 1eans. 77. %opyri/ht holders, holders of related ri/hts or their partic=lar or =ni9ersal s=ccessors who wish to 1a+e a deposit 1=st s=31it to the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office an application si/ned 3y the1 or their a/ent containin/ the followin/ infor1ation( - the title and the type of wor+, so=nd recordin/, perfor1ance or radio or tele9ision pro/ra1B the na1e, title and address of the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts. 'f the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts does not 1a+e the deposit personally, the fore/oin/ infor1ation 1=st 3e /i9en in respect of the depositor as wellB - if the depositor is a person other than the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts, the type of doc=1ent on the 3asis of which the depositor has s=31itted the application for depositB

- where necessary, the na1e and address of the person responsi3le for the physical e6ec=tion of the wor+ (the printer, the 1older, etc.". #he application for deposit 1=st 3e acco1panied 3y( (a" if the applicant is a person other than the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts, a copy or a s=11ary of the doc=1ent on the 3asis of which the deposit is 1ade (power of attorney, assi/n1ent, contract or a/ree1ent..."B (3" three copies of the wor+ or the s=35ect of the related ri/ht. 'n respect of pict=res, oil paintin/s, water colors, stat=es, wor+s of architect=re or other wor+s ha9in/ only one ori/inal, a photo/raphic or non photo/raphic reprod=ction of the wor+ in three di1ensions shall 3e pro9ided showin/ the shape and for1 of the wor+ in whole and in detail. 77.-( " #he application for deposit shall not 3e accepted =nless it is acco1panied 3y the prescri3ed fee set o=t in this Article. (," #he fees char/ed 3y the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office shall 3e as follows( - deposit of a printed wor+, LBP 5<,<<<B - deposit of a 1otion pict=re, 9ideo fil1 or so=nd recordin/, LBP 75,<<<B - deposit of a daily or periodic p=3lication, (for one year" LBP 75,<<<B - deposit of a pict=re, drawin/, 1ap, post card, photo/raph or daily or periodic p=3lication, ( copy", LBP ,5,<<<B - deposit of any other 1aterial not 1entioned a3o9e, LBP 5<,<<<B - recordation of a contract of deposit with the Office, LBP 5<,<<<B - facsi1ile copy of a certificate of re/istration, LBP ,5,<<<. 7!. #he application for deposit shall 3e re/istered at the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office. A certificate shall 3e deli9ered to the applicant 1entionin/ the infor1ation stated in the application and it shall 3e acco1panied 3y one of the three copies deposited with the Office. #he certificate shall 3e dated, sealed and si/ned 3y the head of the said Office. #he first certificate shall 3e /ranted free of char/e and the Office shall char/e the prescri3ed fee referred to in the pre9io=s Article for s=3se?=ent re?=ested copies of this certificate. 7<. Any contract concl=ded with re/ard to any wor+, so=nd recordin/, perfor1ance or radio or tele9ision pro/ra1 re/istered at the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office 1ay also 3e recorded with the said Office. %hapter 8' Pro9isional :eas=res, )a1a/es and &anctions7 . *here there is /ro=nd for s=spectin/ an i11inent infrin/e1ent of copyri/ht or a related ri/ht, the holder

of these ri/hts or his p=3lic or pri9ate s=ccessors, in partic=lar the associations or co1panies for the collecti9e ad1inistration of ri/hts, shall ha9e the ri/ht to ta+e all necessary pro9isional 1eas=res to pre9ent s=ch infrin/e1ent. $or this p=rpose, the 5=d/e of e6pedited 1atters 1ay ta+e all decisions a=thoriAed 3y the law, in partic=lar, e6-parte decisions, in order to ens=re the protection of the ri/ht or the wor+ that is li+ely to 3e infrin/ed and all the other wor+s owned 3y the a=thor or the holder of related ri/hts. #he 5=d/e of e6pedited 1atters 1ay i1pose coerci9e 1eas=res to enforce his decisions. 'n addition, the president of the co1petent co=rt of first instance or the co1petent p=3lic prosec=tor shall ha9e the ri/ht to ta+e the pro9isional 1eas=res referred to a3o9e. 7,. #he 5=d/e of e6pedited 1atters, the president of the co=rt of first instance or the p=3lic prosec=tor 1ay te1porarily seiAe 1aterial constit=tin/ e9idence of an infrin/e1ent of copyri/ht or a related ri/ht and shall lea9e it in the c=stody of the defendant. 73. 'n case of infrin/e1ent of copyri/ht or a related ri/ht, the holders of these ri/hts 1ay ha9e reco=rse to the co1petent 5=dicial a=thority and see+ the cessation of the infrin/e1ent and the pre9ention of any f=t=re infrin/e1ent. 7.. Any person who infrin/es copyri/ht or a related ri/ht shall 3e re?=ired to pay fair co1pensation to the ri/ht holder for the 1aterial or 1oral in5=ry and da1a/e inc=rred. #he a1o=nt of s=ch co1pensation shall 3e deter1ined 3y the co=rt 3ased on the co11ercial 9al=e of the wor+, the da1a/e and lost profit inc=rred 3y the ri/ht holder and the 1aterial profit realiAed 3y the infrin/er. #he co=rt 1ay order the seiA=re of the s=35ect 1atter in disp=te and the e?=ip1ent and de9ices =sed to co11it the infrin/e1ent. 75. 'rrespecti9e of whether the wor+ has fallen into the p=3lic do1ain or not, shall 3e lia3le to i1prison1ent for a ter1 9aryin/ fro1 one 1onth to three years and@or to a fine 9aryin/ fro1 LBP 5 to 5< 1illion, any person who( - fra=d=lently p=ts or instr=cts another person to p=t a false na1e on a literary or artistic wor+B - fra=d=lently i1itates the si/nat=re or the lo/o of the a=thor with intent to 1islead the 3=yerB - +nowin/ly i1itates a literary or artistic wor+B - +nowin/ly sells, possesses, offers for sale or 1a+es a9aila3le an i1itated or a pla/iariAed wor+. #he sanction shall 3e do=3led in the e9ent of a repetition of the offence.

7;. Any person who, +nowin/ly and with intent to 1a+e a profit, infrin/es or atte1pts to infrin/e copyri/ht or related ri/hts pro9ided for in this Law shall 3e lia3le to i1prison1ent for a ter1 9aryin/ fro1 one 1onth to three years and@or to a fine 9aryin/ fro1 LBP 5 to 5< 1illion. #he sanction shall 3e do=3led in the e9ent of a repetition of the offence. #he co1petent co=rt 1ay order the clos=re of the pre1ises, the co11ercial esta3lish1ent or the radio or tele9ision station that infrin/es copyri/ht for a period 9aryin/ fro1 one wee+ to one 1onth and the destr=ction of all =na=thoriAed copies and all the e?=ip1ent and the de9ices =sed to prod=ce s=ch copies. #he co=rt 1ay also order that its decision 3e p=3lished in two local newspapers at the e6pense of the defendant. #he pro9isions of Article ,<< and s=3se?=ent Articles of the Penal %ode shall 3e ta+en into acco=nt when applyin/ this Article. 77. Any person who 1an=fact=res or i1ports for p=rposes of sale or rental, offers for sale or rental, possesses for the p=rpose of sale or rental, sells, installs or rents any de9ice, e?=ip1ent or 1achine 1an=fact=red in whole or in part to recei9e illicitly any radio or tele9ision 3roadcast or trans1ission destined to that section of the p=3lic that recei9es the said 3roadcast or trans1ission on pay1ent of a set fee, shall 3e lia3le to i1prison1ent for a ter1 9aryin/ fro1 one 1onth to three years and@or to a fine 9aryin/ fro1 LBP 5 to 5< 1illion. #he sanction shall 3e do=3led in the e9ent of a s=3se?=ent offence. 77. Any person who arran/es or facilitates for third parties the reception of the trans1ission or 3roadcast referred to in the pre9io=s Article shall 3e lia3le to i1prison1ent for a ter1 9aryin/ fro1 one 1onth to three years and@or to a fine 9aryin/ fro1 LBP 5 to 5< 1illion. #he sanction shall 3e do=3led in the e9ent of a s=3se?=ent offence. 7!. *ith re/ard to the fore/oin/ 9iolations, le/al action 1ay 3e instit=ted 3y the p=3lic prosec=tor e6 officio or at the re?=est of the person s=fferin/ da1a/e or the president of the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office. !<. #he co=rt shall co11=nicate any 5=dicial decision iss=ed with re/ard to the fore/oin/ infrin/e1ents to the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office within 5 days of the date of the decision. ! . 't shall 3e strictly prohi3ited to i1port, consi/n to a wareho=se or a free Aone or transit so=nd recordin/s,

or wor+s that are i1itations of so=nd recordin/s or wor+s en5oyin/ le/al protection in Le3anon. &=ch so=nd recordin/s and wor+s shall 3e seiAed where9er they are fo=nd. !,. #he persons 1entioned 3elow shall ha9e a=thority to identify, in9entory and sa1ple s=spect o35ects. #hese persons shall 3e( police and c=sto1s officers and e1ployees of the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office sworn in to that effect. #hese e1ployees shall perfor1 their d=ties p=rs=ant to an order or a 1andate iss=ed 3y the p=3lic prosec=tor or the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office and they shall notify the Office of all 9iolations of the pro9isions of this Law that co1e to their attention. &worn-in e1ployees of the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office shall ha9e police powers with re/ard to the i1ple1entation of the pro9isions of this Law. &=spect articles 1ay 3e seiAed, in9entoried and sa1pled where9er they are fo=nd. A report 1=st 3e drawn =p of all sa1plin/ and in9entoryin/ and it 1=st contain the followin/ infor1ation( . the na1e, s=rna1e, title and place of residence of the e1ployee who has drawn =p the reportB ,. the a=thority that has iss=ed the order and the date it was co11=nicated to the e1ployeeB 3. the date, ti1e and location of the operationB .. the na1e, s=rna1e, nationality, place of residence and profession of the person on whose pre1ises the operation was carried o=tB 5. a detailed list of the s=spect articles statin/ their n=13er, +ind and specificationsB ;. the si/nat=re of the person in whose possession the articles or /oods were fo=nd and if he ref=ses to si/n, his ref=sal shall 3e 1entionedB 7. the si/nat=re of the officer who has drawn =p the report. #he proprietor of the /oods shall ha9e the ri/ht to 1ention in the report all the infor1ation and reser9ations he dee1s necessary and to o3tain copies of the report and in9entory if an in9entory has 3een drawn =p separately. %i9il action or penal proceedin/s 1=st 3e filed with the co1petent co=rt within 5 days of the date of the report otherwise the whole operation will 3e considered as 9oid. !3. #he co=rt 1ay, at the re?=est of the plaintiff and 3efore renderin/ its final 5=d/1ent order the seiA=re of all or so1e of the articles stated in the report and in9entory. 'n s=ch case, the co=rt 1ay order the plaintiff to deposit with the co=rt, prior to the seiA=re, a /=arantee fi6ed 3y the co=rt 3ased on the 9al=e of the articles to 3e seiAed. FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF

#he order shall desi/nate the e1ployee 1andated to carry o=t the seiA=re, the place where seiAed articles will 3e +ept and the official recei9er of s=ch articles appointed 3y the co=rt. !.. #he officer who has carried o=t the seiA=re shall i11ediately draw =p a report in two copies, one of which sho=ld 3e deli9ered to the person whose /oods ha9e 3een seiAed. #he report shall 3e drawn =p as prescri3ed in Article !, and it shall 3e acco1panied 3y an in9entory of the articles seiAed. #he person whose /oods ha9e 3een seiAed, shall si/n 3oth copies and if he ref=ses or fails to si/n, his ref=sal or fail=re shall 3e 1entioned in the space pro9ided for the si/nat=re. !5. #he person whose /oods ha9e 3een seiAed 1=st 3e pro9ided with the followin/ doc=1ents( . the order of seiA=reB ,. the doc=1ent that esta3lishes the deposit of the /=arantee with the co=rt if the co=rt orders the deposit of s=ch /=aranteeB 3. the in9entory of the articles seiAedB .. the report of seiA=re. !;. 'f the 'ntellect=al Property Protection Office carries o=t an in9esti/ation at the re?=est of the person s=fferin/ da1a/es, it shall char/e hi1 a LBP <<,<<< fi6ed fee. !7. #he 5=d/1ent rendered with re/ard to the a3o9e-1entioned proceedin/s shall pro9ide for the i1position of the followin/ co1ple1entary penalties( . the 5=d/1ent shall 3e posted at the places desi/nated 3y the co=rt and it shall 3e p=3lished at the e6pense of the defendant in two local newspapers desi/nated 3y the co=rt that has rendered the 5=d/1entB ,. if the losin/ party represents a newspaper, a 1a/aAine or a radio or tele9ision station, the 5=d/1ent 1=st 3e p=3lished in this newspaper, 1a/aAine or radio or tele9ision station in addition to the two newspapers 1entioned a3o9e. %hapter 8'' #ransitional and #e1porary Pro9isions !7. All wor+s, whether p=3lished or not, created 3efore the entry into force of this Law, shall en5oy the period of protection prescri3ed in this Law pro9ided that they ha9e not fallen into the p=3lic do1ain 3y the effecti9e date of this Law. #he period of protection that has lapsed 3efore the iss=ance of this Law shall 3e ded=cted fro1 the period of protection pro9ided for in this Law. !!. Any a=thor, prod=cer or p=3lisher of any 3oo+ or p=3lication 1=st send, free of char/e, to the :inistry of %=lt=re and 0i/her Ed=cation fi9e copies of the said wor+.

<<. Articles 37 to 7< incl=si9e of )ecision No. ,375, dated Gan=ary 7, !,. (a1ended", and Articles 7,, to 7,! incl=si9e, of the Penal %ode shall 3e repealed. < . #his law shall 3e p=3lished in the official /aAette and it shall ha9e effect two 1onths after its p=3lication.

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