INFORMATICS PRACTICE PROJECT ON OPERATING SYSTEMS

BY DASHMEEN KAUR XI-D SMS

Whenever an application needs information it requests the OS which in turn queries the System clock on the motherboard. All the computers need basic software known as an Operating System (OS) to function.OPERATING SYSTEMS Introduction to the Operating Systems: An Operating system is software that creates a relation between the User. Software and Hardware. Mouse or other input device and takes appropriate actions. Application Programs. The OS acts as an interface between the User. An Operating System can be of Three Types: . User interacts with the computer through the OS then OS interprets inputs given by a user through the Keyboard. Hardware and the System Peripherals. The entire application programs are loaded after the OS. It is an interface between the all. The OS is the first software to be loaded when a computers starts up.

Win-2000-2003 1. GPS mobile navigation camera.Blaster. Bluetooth. WiFi. the computer would be able to handle more than one user at a time. Modern mobile operating systems combine the features of a personal computer operating system with a touchscreen. tablet. Near field communication. XENIX Novel Netware. Infrared. Linux. or other digital mobile devices. Win-NT. Multi user:If the multi-user os is loaded in computer’s memory. is the operating system that operates a smartphone.Single User Multi User Network MS-Dos. the computer would be able to handle one user at a time. music player. 2. Win-ME UNIX. 3. cellular. . Network:If the network os is loaded in computer’s memory. video camera. MS-Win 95-98. speech recognition. Mobile operating system A mobile operating system. Single User:if the single user os is loaded in computer’s memory. the computer would be able to handle more than one computer at time. voice recorder. also referred to as mobile OS. and other features.

   2009 Palm introduces webOS with the Palm Pre. has a touchscreen. derived from the MeeGo codebase. HTC. 2007 Open Handset Alliance (OHA) formed by Google.    . 2010 Windows Phone OS phones are released but are not compatible with the previous Windows Mobile OS. 1999 Nokia S40 OS is officially introduced with the launch of the Nokia 7110 2000 Symbian becomes the first modern mobile OS on a smartphone with the launch of the Ericsson R380. etc 2008 OHA releases Android 1. By 2012 webOS devices were no longer sold. Motorola. 1996 Palm Pilot 1000 personal digital assistant is introduced with the Palm OS mobile operating system. centered around an ultra-portable Linux + HTML5/QML/JS Core for building products with. combined Maemo and Moblin is introduced with NokiaN9 in effect of cooperation of Nokia. Dell. LG.0 with the HTC Dream (T-Mobile G1) as the first Android          phone. 1996 First Windows CE Handheld PC devices are introduced. 1994 The first smartphone the IBM Simon. In October 2011 the Mer project was announced. 2001 The Kyocera 6035 is the first smartphone with Palm OS 2002 Microsoft’s first Windows CE (Pocket PC) smartphones are introduced. 2005 Nokia introduces Maemo OS on the first internet tablet N770. Intel and Linux Foundation In September 2011 Samsung. email and PDA features. Samsung. Intel and the Linux Foundation announced that their efforts will shift from Bada. 2011 MeeGo the first mobile Linux.History Mobile operating system milestones mirror the development of mobile phones and smartphones    1979–1992 Mobile phones have embedded systems to control operation. "mobile phone" and "internet communicator. Intel. 2007 Apple iPhone with iOS is introduced as an iPhone. 2002 BlackBerry releases its first smartphone. 2009 Samsung announces the Bada OS with the introduction of the Samsung S8500. Sony. MeeGo to Tizen during 2011 and 2012.

2. along with major hardware and software developers (such as Intel. a version of the Linux distribution expressly designed for smartphones.6) were used exclusively on mobile phones. Android was developed by a small startup company (Android Inc.) that was purchased by Google Inc. using Android drivers. . and some Android tablets. to name a few). 1. Most Android phones. HTC.Android's releases prior to 2. Honeycomb (3. Motorola and eBay. 2013 Canonical announced Ubuntu Touch. that forms the Open Handset Alliance. Frozen Yogurt ("Froyo") (2. 2012 Mozilla announced in July 2012 that the project previously known as "Boot to Gecko" was now Firefox OS and had several handset OEMs on board with the project. 1.3). Samsung.1). Ice Cream Sandwich (4. Android's releases are nicknamed after sweets or dessert items like Cupcake (1.Released on November 5th 2007. Android 3. BlackBerry 10.0 (1.x release.2). the OS was well received from a number of developers upon its introduction. but does not use any of the Java-like code of Android.5.0.0).[3]   2013 BlackBerry releases their new operating system for smartphones and tablets. Ginger Bread (2. The OS is built on the Android Linux kernel. now use a 2.5). SOME OF THE COMMON OPERATING SYSTEMS FOR MOBILES The most common mobile operating systems are 1)ANDROID from Google Inc.0 was a tablet-oriented release and does not officially run on mobile phones.0) and Jelly Bean (4. The current Android version is 4. ARM. in 2005. Android is a Linux-derived OS backed by Google.2.

inc The Apple iPhone.0 on July 11. and this method is still available. there will be only one OS for both Blackberry smartphones and tablets going forward 3)ios from Apple . In other words. Before this. which is derived from Mac OS X. Currently all .2)Blackberry 10 fromBlackberry BlackBerry 10 (previously BlackBerry BBX) the next generation platform for BlackBerry smartphones and tablets. 2008. Native third party applications were not officially supported until the release of iOS 2. "jailbreaking" allowed third party applications to be installed. iPod Touch. iPad and second-generation Apple TV all use an operating system called iOS.

4)Windows phone from Microsoft 5)Blackberry OS from Blackberry .iOS devices are developed by Apple and manufactured by Foxconn .

6)Symbian OS from Nokia and Accenture OPERATING SYSTEMS FOR COMPUTERS .

. GUI . Linux Unix Windows 2000 Multiprocessing . 1.As computers have progressed and developed so have the operating systems.x Windows 98 Windows CE Multi-user . System 7. Many computer operating systems will fall into more than one of the below categories. Below is a basic list of the different operating systems and a few examples of operating systems that fall into each of the categories. See the GUIdefinition for a complete definition. Below are some examples of multiprocessing operating systems. Below are some examples of multi-user operating systems. Below are some examples of GUI Operating Systems.Short for Graphical User Interface. a GUI Operating System contains graphics and icons and is commonly navigated by using a computer mouse.An operating system capable of supporting and utilizing more than one computer processor. See the multiuser definition for a complete definition for a complete definition.A multi-user operating system allows for multiple users to use the same computer at the same time and different times.

An operating system that is capable of allowing multiple software processes to run at the same time.Operating systems that allow different parts of a software program to run concurrently.Linux Unix Windows 2000 Multitasking . Unix Windows 2000 Multithreading . Operating systems that would fall into this category are: Linux Unix Windows 2000 . Below are some examples of multitasking operating systems.

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