‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎء ﻃﻨﺠﺔ‬

2014/2013 ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻢ‬

1 ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺽ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﻴﺐ * ﻃﻨﺠﺔ‬

‫ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎء ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﻡ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎء‬
C8H2NO42– '
.$> N ' M

L

' => ,+ ^ Q [ *

* + , &+ N2 ' "( $) ! " # $% &
<?@ (III) ?&?D ' > &+ 1 E F6 1 GH
L\ ]Y

Y .# Z

V QI

(le luminol)

C8H7N3O2
% & ?I ?J :$%K L D L

P? W-K F XM6 L

TU O

Q

. A B 71"+ , 8 9 : ; < => <?@ 01 - 2 34 5 & $6

R M ?Q S9 F I %> (III) ?&?D ' > & O P? : QD ' & 6

# $ ‫( '& ن‬

‫)!و‬

(III) 4 5‫ א‬6 ' 47 8

-1

9: ; 3 0 5g ‫ و‬C=9,8mol.L

2 C8H7N3O2 (aq) + 7 H2O2 (aq) + 4 OH

(aq)

→ 2 N2 (g)+ 2
. ‫אل‬-9$‫? وא‬

‫א‬

9 ‫( و=< א > د א‬
2–
C8H2NO4 (aq)

7

9‫א‬

D

‫ א‬J‫א‬

‫دא‬

‫ א‬0 2g

‫ א‬0 0,5mL

‫א و‬

‫א‬

‫ل‬

‫א‬

94

+ 14 H2O (l)

@ 5‫א‬

KL P0‫و‬

‫א‬

‫א و‬

9 ‫ن א‬7 0A B C

. ‫ ل‬F9 ‫א א‬G1 ! (III)
P(t) ‫و‬

‫ل‬

1 0 250g ‫ل و‬

2- 3 H2O2

:

‫א و‬
‫و‬

. (NaOH)

@

& b cK , .& > ! 30 _ ` ? K a % & :

.
: ‫ج‬-.V=350mL ( & ‫ *) א‬+

- . /#

'H‫ د ! א‬I

9 ‫ א‬+7 D99B (1

4 5‫ א‬6 ' 47 ‫ د دو‬+ (2

‫ א א‬J‫د? א‬

n(t) = n0 +n(N2) P + t MF ‫א‬

* n0 (* ' (3

'N‫ א‬$‫ ز א & ( دא‬K ‫ א‬KL

. n(t)‫ و‬T‫ و‬R‫ و‬Vgaz N B P(t) RS Vgaz ‫ و‬T ‫ و‬R N B P0 0 Q ( 13

n(N2 ) .R.T
Vgaz
:( 9‫א‬

(P – P0)=: ‫ن‬7 0A B (23

D ‫ ول א @ ( א‬T‫( א‬#>' (4
2U ‫ ول وא‬T‫ א‬V'‫(א‬14

. T‫ و‬R‫ و‬Vgaz‫(و‬P- P0)

N B x ‫ م‬V9 ‫ א‬0 3AD (24
XV ‫ م א‬V9 ‫ د * א‬+ (34

xmax

. 0 - ‫ א‬N B (P – P0 ) 6‫א‬YK )D' I &Z ‫( \[ א‬5
T‫ و‬R‫ و‬Vgaz‫( و‬P – P0 )

N B ] Q RS

t = 0 MF ‫א‬

9
9

* 5‫א‬

* 5‫א‬

3 ‫^ א‬3 (15

3 ‫ د * א‬+ (25

9 ‫_ א‬X' 0 ‫ ز‬0A (35

t1/2 .

_ ‫ ز‬abB _@ \3T‫ א‬c3 . * > ‫ א‬d3Z ‫< א‬43= 0*L ` (6
>B ‫م‬

VB ‫ د‬I‫אز و‬3BH
'' _

9 ‫وא‬

9 ‫א א‬G1

V ‫* د‬9 ‫ א‬0&\

K B ]

V ‫ א‬e f ‫ن‬7''

R = 8,3USI : G$g'

(1)‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎء‬: ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺣﺒﻞ‬
n@7 1Go9' M5

. F3

:) * Q 78 ‫ض‬

`m‫ و‬m )9 9 ‫ و‬L ) d j' 9 ‫ن و‬3
‫دد א‬3

DL

31 r _

8

D+ ‫ ل‬d

‫ א‬9 6I

Xi . t1 MF ‫א‬

(k B3] ‫אز‬-]B #D 3

' > ?3 l # ‫ א‬B h i

D5‫ א‬3]M (1) &Z ‫ \[ א‬. D

‫א‬

3+ 7 D p4 ‫ א‬9

. D5‫ ل א‬d ? I

‫ א‬Z9'‫א‬

3 ; +‫ א‬RS λ I

# ) M #V ‫ وא‬S D ‫ א‬s 3+ ‫ن‬

Ne = 100Hz
‫ د‬+ (1

‫ ل א‬d‫ و‬T ‫ א و‬0

RS t = 0

D

‫א‬

3+ 8F ‫ د‬+ (2

. ( t1 MF ‫א‬

I

‫دد‬t ‫ א‬YK ‫ دون‬F D5‫ א‬3
.u‫ذ‬
8

‫ ن‬3F9 M1M2=18cm P +

I

‫ لא‬#

3A K' (3

9' ]9* YK99 s ‫ א‬k 4- ‫ א‬34‫ د‬V ‫ د א‬+ (13
DF x *9 M2 ‫ و‬M1 C9#V' ‫ن‬7 w+n' (23

( 3cm 0 Q 7 λ’ ‫ن‬7 * ) λ’ I
Q 7 λ’ ‫ن‬7 * ) λ’

‫א‬

‫ لא‬#

&* ‫ א‬R V ‫ د א‬+ ، # ‫א=< ! א‬

&* ‫ א‬R V ‫ د א‬+ ، # ‫ ! א‬j > 8 ‫ ن‬3F94 M3M4= 13,5cm : P + M4 ‫ و‬M3‫ ل‬D

B w+n' (33
( 3cm 0

. Z9'N‫א‬

3 v’ {9 9 ‫ א‬RS λ’ I‫و‬7 CVB ‫ א‬C ‫א‬z ‫{ א‬k 9' ‫>* ل‬9 B (43
: (2) 4- =

‫> د‬B7 j V' RS R

B 78

F9 ‫ض א‬3

D|' ، ‫ز‬n ‫] ز א‬I ‫>* ل‬9 B

D| a ]L3 (;VS ) 43k‫ دא‬F9= Q

k L I

‫ د‬+

: ( 9 ‫ ول א‬T‫{ ! א‬k 9 ‫ و' ون א‬D = 4,5m } >D l l 8

a (m)
r (m)

4,90.10-4
7,5.10-3

6,20.10-4
6,0.10-3

8,20.10-4
4,5.10-3

D

4- 3 ‫> א‬VD ‫א‬

ϴ=1,22.λ/a : (#>'‫و‬λ= 670 nm

1,23.10-3
3.10-3

. a‫ و‬ϴ‫ و‬D ‫ و‬r 34‫ د‬V ‫א‬

‫ د א‬ctV'

D|'

4- 3 ‫ א‬k | ‫> א‬VD ‫> ع א‬l r

l Z ‫ א‬8 2 1 Z' ‫ و‬B3 9 ‫ א‬2GJ *>9

‫ א‬€43 9 ‫ ; א‬t ‫ א‬R ‫( א‬1

. a F9 ‫ض א‬3> • @ B 7 (#>' (2
. F F@ Y‚ ? +‫ وא‬K @ ‫ ن‬0A B ‫> د‬B ‫* د > د א‬9 B(12
. F FX ‫ ? א‬+ ‫ א‬K X ‫ א‬I‫و‬7 >B ‫} א‬

9 ƒ„ ‫ ع‬I3 B (22

(#>' . = l ‫و ط‬7 ! k L I
‫س‬n& & D ‫! א‬

N

R>'

3 ‫ א‬YK

N

R>'

‫ א ن‬YK

N

R>'

‫دد‬t ‫ א‬YK

N

R>'

I

‫ ل א‬d YK

&'N‫א‬

>

‫ א‬J‫! א‬

&'N‫א‬

1,485

1

1,500

1

B IH‫ א‬3d n2 ) > 34 K

‫ و‬ƒ„ n1 2

>

‫א ن‬

'‫ א‬# ‫_ א‬X' 8

‫د‬+ ‫א| א‬
3@ ‫א‬
(

&'‫א‬

>

D‫א‬
‫و‬0

k L I

‫ ل‬V9'‫א‬

}‫ א‬T‫ א‬n >
‫س‬n& & D ‫ א‬0

Z9'‫א‬

(1

F FX ‫א‬

4‫אو‬- ‫ א‬j B ‫ ن‬9VB ‫ ن א‬9 k | ‫ ن א‬9 -5‫د א‬3

(2

()D' I &Z ‫ א‬3M'‫)א‬
(

&'N‫* د ' ن א‬9 B ) > C9 -5‫א‬

R ‫( א‬12

( Dj ‫ و‬Dv ‫ ن‬V' ) . =‫א‬3i‫ א‬3[ 7 C9 -5‫א‬

7 (22