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Pronunciation of mathematical symbols

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Common pronunciations (in British English - Gimson,1981) of mathematical and scientific symbols are given in the list below. (all the pages in this section need a unicode font installed - e.g. Arial Unicode MS, Doulos SIL Unicode, Lucida Sans Unicode - see: The International Phonetic Alphabet in Unicode).

Symbols
+ ± x / ÷ = ≈ ≡ ≠ > < ≥ ≤ ⊁ ⊀ ≫ ≪ ⊥ ∣∣ ≢ ≄≉ ² ³
4 n

plus minus plus or minus multiplied by over; divided by divided equals approximately, similar equivalent to; identical not equal to greater than less than greater than or equal to less than or equal to not greater than not less than much greater than much less than perpendicular to parallel to not equivalent to, not identical to not similar to squared cubed to the fourth; to the power four to the n; to the nth; to the power n root; square root

/'plʌs/ /'maɪnəs/ /'plʌs ɔ: 'maɪnəs/ /'mʌltɪplaɪd baɪ/ /'əʊvə/ /dɪ'vaɪdəd/ /dɪ'vaɪdəd/ /'ɪ:kwəlz/ /ə'prɒksɪmətlɪ/ /'sɪmɪlə tʊ/ /ɪk'wɪvələnt tʊ/ /aɪ'dentɪkl tʊ/ /'nɒt 'iːkwəl tʊ/ /'greɪtə ðən/ /'les ðən/ /'greɪtə ðən ər 'iːkwəl tʊ/ /'les ðən ər' iːkwəl tʊ/ /'nɒt 'greɪtə ðən/ /'nɒt 'les ðən/ /'mʌʧ 'greɪtə ðən/ /'mʌʧ 'les ðən/ /pɜːpən'dɪkjʊlə tʊ/ /'pærəlel tʊ/ /'nɒt ɪk'wɪvələnt tʊ/ /'nɒt aɪ'dentɪkl tʊ/ /'nɒt 'sɪmɪlə tʊ/ /'skweəd/ /'kju:bd/ /tə ðə 'fɔːθ/ /te ðə 'pɑʊə fɔː/ /tə ðɪ en; tə dɪ enθ; tə ðə pɑʊər en/ /ru:t/ /skweə ru:t/

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delta integral sum with respect to log log to the base 2 of x therefore because gives. f treble-dash.r.htm ∛ ∜ ! % ∞ ∝ ˙ ¨ : f(x) fx f'(x) f''x f'''(x) f(4) ∂ ∫ ∑ w. is /nɒt bɪ'lɒŋ/ /nɒt ə 'membə/ /nɒt ən not an element of 'elɪmənt/ contained in. derivative f double-dash. ratio of f. log log₂x ∴ ∵ → / ∈ ∉ ⊂ ⊆ ⋂ ⋃ ∀ cos x sin x cube root fourth root factorial percent infinity varies as.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.t. a proper subset of contained in. an element of /kju:b ru:t/ /fɔːθ ruːt/ /fæk'tɔːrɪəl/ /pə'sent/ /ɪn'fɪnətɪ/ /'vɛərɪz/ /prə'pɔːʃənəl/ /dɒt/ /dʌbl dɒt/ /reɪʃɪəʊ/ /ef/ /'fʌŋkʃən/ /dæʃ/ /dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ /'dʌbl dæʃ/ /'sekənd dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ /'trɪpl dæʃ/ / trebl dæʃ/ /θɜ:d dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ /fɔːθ dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ /paːʃəl dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ /deltə/ /'ɪntɪgrəl/ /sʌm/ /wɪð 'rɪspekt/ /lɒg/ /lɒg tə ðə beɪs tu: əv eks/ /'ðɛəfɔː/ /bɪ'kɒz/ /gɪvz/ /li:dz tʊ/ /əprəʊʧəz/ /pɜ:/ /bɪ'lɒŋz/ /'membə/ /'elɪmənt/ does not belong to. function f dash. second derivative f triple-dash. a member of. approaches per belongs to. third derivative f four.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.uefap. subset intersection union for all cos x. leads to. proportional to dot double dot is to. cosine x sine x /kən'teɪnd ɪn/ /'prɒpə 'sʌbset/ /'sʌbset/ /'ɪntəsekʃən/ /'juːnɪən/ /fə rɔ:l/ /kɒz/ /saɪn/ 2 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 . fourth derivative partial derivative. is not a member of.

x divided by y.C. x times y. /tan/ /'kəʊsek/ /'ʃaɪn/ /'kɒʃ/ /θæn/ /mɒd/ /'mɒdjʊləs/ /dɪ'gri:z 'sentɪgreɪd/ /dɪ'gri:z 'færənhaɪt/ /dɪ'gri:z 'kelvɪn/ /absəlu:t zi:rəʊ/ /'mɪlɪmiːtə/ /'sentɪmiːtə/ /'kjuːbɪk 'sentɪmiːtə/ /'sentɪmiːtə 'kju:bd/ /'miːtə/ /kɪ'lɒmɪtə/ /'mɪlɪgræm/ /græm/ /'kɪləgræm/ /eɪ si:/ /di: si:/ Examples x+1 x -1 x±1 xy (x — y)(x + y) x/y x÷y x plus one x minus one x plus or minus one x y. cm³ m km mg g kg AC DC tangent x cosec x shine x cosh x than x mod x. centimetre cubed metre kilometre milligram gram kilogram A. D. x multiplied by y x minus y. x divided by y 3 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 . modulus x degrees Centigrade degrees Fahrenheit degrees Kelvin absolute zero millimetre centimetre cubic centimetre.15 °C mm cm cc.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.uefap.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.C. –273.htm tan x cosec x sinh x cosh x tanh x |x| ℃ ℉ °K 0°K. x plus y x over y.

the fourth derivative of f with respect to x 4 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 . the second derivative of f with respect to x f triple-dash x. x is greater than zero and less than 1 zero is less than or equal to x is less than or equal to 1.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www. f treble-dash x. square root x. x is equal to 5 x is approximately equal to y x is equivalent to y. x to the power four x to the n.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.uefap.htm x=5 x≈y x≡y x≠y x>y x<y x≥y x≤y 0<x<1 0≤x≤1 x² x³ x4 xn x-n √ ∛ ∜ x equals 5. x is greater than or equal to zero and less than or equal to 1 x squared x cubed x to the fourth. x is (directly) proportional to y x varies as one over y. x to the nth. the square root of x the cube root of x the fourth root of x the nth root of x (x + y)² (x/y)² n! x% ∞ x∝y x ∝ 1/y ẋ ẍ f(x) fx f'(x) f''x f'''(x) f(4) x plus y all squared x over y all squared n factorial. the function of x f dash x. x is indirectly proportional to y x dot x double dot f of x. the third derivative of f with respect to x f four x. the (first) derivative of with respect to x f double-dash x. x to the power n x to the minus n. factorial n x percent infinity x varies as y. x is identical with y x is not equal to y x is greater than y x is less than y x is greater than or equal to y x is less than or equal to y zero is less than x is less than 1. x to the power of minus n root x.

x is not an element of A A is contained in B. x is an element of A x does not belong to A. logey ∴ ∵ → Δx → 0 lim Δx→0 with respect to log to the base e of y. approaches delta x approaches zero the limit as delta x approaches zero. natural log (of) y therefore because gives. tan x cosec x Lt Δx→0 m/sec x∈A x∉ A A⊂ B A⊆B A⋂B A⋃B cos x sin x tan x cosec x 5 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .t.r. A is a proper subset of B A is contained in B. the second derivative of v with respect to theta.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www. x is not a member of A. the partial derivative of v with respect to θ delta two v by delta theta squared. the limit as delta x tends to zero the limit as delta x approaches zero. log y to the base e. the limit as delta x tends to zero metres per second x belongs to A.htm ∂v ∂v ∂θ ∂² v ∂θ² dv dv dθ d²v dθ² ∫ the partial derivative of v delta v by delta theta. cosine x sine x tangent x. the derivative of v with respect to theta d 2 v by d theta squared. A is a subset of B A intersection B A union B cos x. integral integral from zero to infinity ∑ sum the sum from i equals 1 to n w. the second partial derivative of v with respect to θ the derivative of v d v by d theta.com/speaking/symbols/symbols. x is a member of A.uefap.

modulus x eighteen degrees Centigrade seventy degrees Fahrenheit Greek alphabet Α α alpha Β β beta Γ γ Ε ε Ζ ζ Δ δ delta zeta /'ælfə/ /'bi:tə/ /'deltə/ /'ziːtə/ /'iːtə/ /'θiːtə/ /aɪ'əʊtə/ /'kæpə/ /'læmdə/ /'mjuː/ /'njuː/ /'ksaɪ/ /'paɪ/ /'rəʊ/ /'sɪgmə/ /'tɑʊ/ /'faɪ/ /'kaɪ/ /'psaɪ/ gamma /'gæmə/ epsilon /'epsilən/ Η η eta Θ θ theta Ι ι iota kappa lamda nu xi Κ κ Λ λ Ν ν Ξ ξ Μ μ mu Ο ο omicron /'əʊmɪkrən/ Π π pi Ρ ρς rho Σ σ sigma Τ τ tau Υ υ upsilon /'jʊpsɪlən/ Φ φ phi Χ χ chi Ψ ψ psi Ω ω omega /'əʊmɪgə/ 6 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .com/speaking/symbols/symbols.htm sinh x cosh x tanh x |x| 18 ℃ 70 ℉ shine x cosh x than x mod x.uefap.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.

com/speaking/symbols/symbols.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.uefap.htm Roman alphabet A a /'eɪ/ B b /'biː/ C c /'siː/ D d /'diː/ E e /'iː/ F f /'ef/ G g /'ʤiː/ H h /'eɪʧ/ I i /'aɪ/ /'ʤeɪ/ /'el/ J j L l K k /'keɪ/ M m /'em/ N n /'en/ O o /'əʊ/ P p /'piː/ Q q /'kjuː/ R r /'ɑː/ S s /'es/ T t /'ti:/ U u /'ju:/ V v /'vi:/ W w /'dʌbljuː/ X x /'eks/ Y y /'waɪ/ Z z /'zed/ Fractions 7 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .

two point six one two three recurring /tu: pɔɪnt sɪks wʌn tu: θri: rɪ'kɜ:rɪŋ/ 8 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .57 2.23 1.01 0..1 0.01 21.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.612361236123..htm ½ a half ¼ a quarter ⅓ a third ⅔ two thirds ⅕ a fifth ⅖ two fifths ⅗ three fifths ⅘ four fifths ⅙ a sixth ⅚ five sixths ⅛ an eighth ⅝ five eighths /ə 'hɑ:f/ /ə 'kwɔːtə/ /ə 'θɜ:d/ /tu: 'θɜ:dz/ /ə 'fɪfθ/ /tu: 'fɪfθs/ /θriː 'fɪfθs/ /fɔː 'fɪfθs/ /ə 'sɪksθ/ /faɪv 'sɪksθs/ /ən 'eɪtθ/ /faɪv 'eɪtθs/ ¾ three quarters /θriː 'kwɔːtəz/ ⅜ three eighths /θriː 'eɪtθs/ ⅞ seven eighths /sevən 'eɪtθs/ Decimal Fractions 0. 2..2 1.0123 10.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.6666666666.5 million nought point one nought point oh one nought point oh oh oh one one point one one point two one point two three one point oh one two three ten point oh one twenty-one point five seven two point six recurring two point five million /nɔ:t pɔɪnt wʌn/ /nɔ:t pɔɪnt əʊ wʌn/ /ten pɔɪnt əʊ əʊ əʊ wʌn/ /wʌn pɔɪnt wʌn/ /wʌn pɔɪnt tu:/ /wʌn pɔɪnt tu: θri:/ /wʌn pɔɪnt əʊ wʌn tu: θri:/ /ten pɔɪnt əʊ wʌn/ /'twentɪ wʌn pɔɪnt faɪv 'sevən/ /tu: pɔɪnt sɪks rɪ'kɜ:rɪŋ/ /tu: pɔɪnt faɪv 'mɪljən/ 2.uefap.0001 1...1 1.

uefap.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.htm SI Units: Prefixes 10-24 yocto y /'jɒktəʊ/ 10-21 zepto z /'zeptəʊ/ 10-18 atto 10-12 pico a /'atəʊ/ /'femtəʊ/ p /'pi:kəʊ/ 10-15 femto f 10-9 nano n /'nanəʊ/ 10-6 micro µ /'maɪkrəʊ/ 10-3 milli 10-2 centi 10-1 deci 103 106 109 kilo giga m /'mɪlɪ/ c /'sentɪ/ d /'desɪ/ k /'kɪləʊ/ G /'gɪgə/ T /'terə/ P /'petə/ E /'eksə/ mega M /'megə/ 1012 tera 1015 peta 1018 exa 1021 zetta Z /'zetə/ 1024 yotta Y /'jɒtə/ 1027 xona X /'zəʊnə/ 1030 weka W /'wekə/ 1033 vunda V /'vʊndə/ Cardinal Numbers 1 2 3 4 one two three four /wʌn/ /tu:/ /θri:/ /fɔː/ 9 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .

com/speaking/symbols/symbols.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www. one hundred a hundred and one /faɪv/ /sɪks/ /'sevən/ /eɪt/ /naɪn/ /ten/ /ɪ'levən/ /twelv/ /θɜ:'ti:n/ /fɔː'ti:n/ /fɪf'ti:n/ /sɪkst'i:n/ /seven'ti:n/ /eɪ'ti:n/ /naɪn'ti:n/ /'twentɪ/ /twentɪ'wʌn/ /twentɪ'tu:/ /twentɪ'θri:/ /twentɪ'fɔː/ /twentɪ'faɪv/ /twentɪ'sɪks/ /twentɪ'sevən/ /twentɪ'eɪt/ /twentɪ'naɪn/ /'θɜ:tɪ/ /'fɔːtɪ/ /'fɪftɪ/ /'sɪkstɪ/ /'sevəntɪ/ /'eɪtɪ/ /'naɪntɪ/ /ə 'hʌndrəd/ /wʌn 'hʌndrəd/ /ə 'hʌndrəd ən wʌn/ 10 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .htm 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety a hundred.uefap.

Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www. one thousand a thousand and one a thousand and ten a thousand and twenty one thousand.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.uefap. three hundred and fifty six a hundred thousand a million a hundred million a billion a hundred billion a trillion a quadrillion /ə 'hʌndrəd ən tu:/ /ə 'hʌndrəd ən ten/ /ə 'hʌndrəd ən 'twentɪ/ /tu: 'hʌndrəd/ /θri: 'hʌndrəd/ /fɔː 'hʌndrəd/ /faɪv 'hʌndrəd/ /sɪks 'hʌndrəd/ /'sevən 'hʌndrəd/ /eɪt 'hʌndrəd/ /naɪn 'hʌndrəd/ /ə θ'ɑʊzənd/ /wʌn 'θɑʊzənd/ /ə 'θɑʊzənd ən wʌn/ /ə 'θɑʊzənd ən ten/ /ə 'θɑʊzənd ən 'twentɪ/ /wʌn 'θɑʊzənd wʌn 'hʌndrəd/ /wʌn 'θɑʊzənd wʌn 'hʌndrəd ən wʌn/ /wʌn 'θɑʊzənd wʌn 'hʌndrəd ən ten/ /naɪn 'θɑʊzənd naɪn 'hʌndrəd ən 'naɪntɪ 'naɪn/ /ten 'θɑʊzənd/ /'fɪfti:n 'θɑʊzənd θri: 'hʌndrəd ən 'fɪftɪ sɪks/ /ə 'hʌndrəd 'θɑʊzənd/ /ə 'mɪljən/ /ə 'hʌndrəd 'mɪljən/ /ə 'bɪljən/ /ə 'hʌndrəd 'bɪljən/ /ə 'trɪljən/ /ə kwɒdrɪljən/ /ə kwɪn'tɪljən/ /ə seks'tɪljən/ 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 a quintillian 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 a sextillion 000 11 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 . one hunded one thousand. one hundred and ten nine thousand.htm 102 110 120 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1 000 1 001 1 010 1 020 1 100 1 101 1 110 9 999 10 000 15 356 100 000 1 000 000 100 000 000 1 000 000 000 100 000 000 000 1 000 000 000 000 1 000 000 000 000 000 a hundred and two a hundred and ten a hundred and twenty two hundred three hundred four hundred five hundred six hundred seven hundred eight hundred nine hundred a thousand. nine hundred and ninety-nine ten thousand fifteen thousand. one hundred and one one thousand.

htm 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 a septillion 000 000 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 an ocillion 000 000 000 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 a nonillion 000 000 000 000 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 a decillion 000 000 000 000 000 /ə sep'tɪljən/ /ən ɒkt'tɪljən/ /ə nɒn'ɪljən/ /ə de'sɪljən/ Ordinal Numbers 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourtheenth fidteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth twenty-first twenty-third /fɜ:st/ /'sekənd/ /θɜ:d/ /fɔ:θ/ /fɪfθ/ /sɪksθ/ /'sevənθ/ /eɪtθ/ /naɪnθ/ /tenθ/ /ɪ'levənθ/ /'twelfθ/ /θɜ:'ti:nθ/ /fɔː'ti:nθ/ /fɪf'ti:nθ/ /sɪks'ti:nθ/ /seven'ti:nθ/ /eɪ'ti:nθ/ /naɪn'ti:nθ/ /'twentɪəθ/ /twentɪ'fɜ:st/ /twentɪ'θɜ:d/ twenty-second /twentɪ'sekənd/ 12 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.uefap.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.

uefap.com/speaking/symbols/symbols.Pronunciation of mathematical symbols http://www.htm 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 40th 50th 100th 1 000th twenty-fourth twenty-fifth twenty-sixth twenty-eighth twenty-ninth thirtieth thirty-first fortieth fiftieth hundredth thousandth /twentɪ'fɔ:θ/ /twentɪ'fɪfθ/ /twentɪ'sɪksθ/ /twentɪ'eɪtθ/ /twentɪ'naɪnθ/ /'θɜːtɪəθ/ /θɜːtɪ'fɜ:st/ /'fɔ:tɪəθ/ /'fɪftɪəθ/ /'hʌndrədθ/ /'θɑʊzəndθ/ /'mɪljənθ/ twenty-seventh /twentɪ'sevənθ/ 1 000 000th miilionth Chemicals 13 de 13 18/04/2013 16:29 .