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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA PROCESS ENGINEERING LABORATORY III (CPE612

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NAME STUDENT NO. GROUP EXPERIMENT DATE PERFORMED SEMESTER PROGRAMME / CODE SUBMIT TO

:MUHAMMAD AFIQ BIN MOHD HAFEEZ :2011814658 : 5B :SEPARATION OF AMMONIA AND WATER :15/11/2013 :5 : EH221 : LAB 1(EN AMMAR MOHD AKHIR)

No. 1 2 3 4

Title Methodology/Procedure Process Flow Diagram (PFD) Workbook Theory TOTAL MARKS

Allocated Marks (%)

Marks

50

Remarks:

Checked by:

Rechecked by:

------------------------------(FAUZIAH MARPANI) Date:

----------------------------------( ) Date:

63 . Use SRK Equation of state fluid package. Mainly water at liquid stream of separator. heat is removes at the rate of 5.8x Btu/hr(make an assumption for the pressure). 2. The other function of the condenser is to record and determine the amount of energy to cool down the stream. each of the equipment has their own purposes and definitions.saturated at 1724 kpa and containing 80 wt% ammonia is passed through a condenser at a flow rate of 10000 lbmol/hr. Hint: 1. Firstly. All calculations are done using Aspen V7. valve and separator.6 . Flash vessel is the main equipment for this process. In this process the valve is used to lower the pressure of the stream. The equipment that involves are cooler. Condenser is a device that condenses a substance from its gaseous state into liquid and thus reducing temperature. Flash vessel temperature is 40. In this separation process.THEORY Process given A mixture of ammonia and water in the vapour phase is fed at 143. Valve is used in this process as the pressure regulator or pressure controller. Its effluent is expended with an outlet pressure of the valve is 1034 kpa and fed into a flash vessel. This equipment works as a separator of vapor-liquid mixture and used to separate the mixture of ammonia and water. feed consist of ammonia and water in vapor phase is cooled in the condenser.2 based on SRK Equation of state fluid. .

Information that needed to be inserted in the process such as feed flow rate. Ammonia and water is added as the component in the Component List View. The stream(c-out) is then go into the valve to be expended and fed into a flash vessel. The feed is then fed into a cooler to reduce the temperature of the feed.IN SEPARATO LIQ UID PICTURE 1: PFD OF SEPARATION OF AMMONIA AND WATER Picture 1 show the process of Separation of Ammonia and Water. The feed consist of Ammonia and water which is in vapor phase. 3. PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM VAPOR CO OLER FEED C. SRK Equation of State is selected in the specification tab under Method. mole fraction and duty of the equipment were entered in the equipment as in the question that is provided.Stream table is generated by clicking stream tab under the result summary. 5. .. pressure for certain equipments.New blank icon is selected to start a new case. The process flow diagram is form consist of cooler. valve. 4.OU T VALVE SEP. and separator.PROCEDURES 1. 2.

4554833 17.152 39238.000 10000.00 1.1913 -27.0 -1.38564 -.8063 1.015 -247.0 1.05465E-3 17.63 696.000 2000.838 -344.05465E-3 17.0 -34417.000 10000.1291E+5 -6305.72275E+5 3.90776 769.640363 .03662 6671.0 0.00 1.1776 -11.9690 0.0330498 .02573E+5 290.907 2191.09281 7808.335053 .838 -344.0 0.30884 17.5693669 17.72275E+5 8.0 -34997.0 -34417.000000 0.000 2000.19266E-4 2.576 7760.94625 -1.76 -1997.1776 -11.01753 -2.0267355 .000000 1.1340 149.000 2000.848 1.2447 1951.8466 105.99964 -1.122964 3.38564 -.000000 0.76 -2031.0 -20257.000000 0.33036E+5 2.000000 0.WORKBOOK Table 1: Steam table of this process Hea t and Material Ba la nce Table Strea m ID From To Phase Substream : MIXED Mole Flow AMMON-01 WATER Total Flow Total Flow Total Flow Temperature Pressure Vapor Frac Liquid Frac Solid Fra c Enthalpy Enthalpy Enthalpy Entropy Entropy Density Density Ave rage MW Liq Vol 60F cuft/hr Btu/lbm ol Btu/lb MMBtu/hr Btu/lbm ol-R Btu/lb-R lbmol/cuft lb/cuft lbmol/hr lb/hr cuft/hr F psia lbmol/hr 8000.576 8000.0451 1.8063 1.0 0.6608989 1.4001 -38.000000 1.22750 7441.9690 1.38465E+7 321.4800 250.505 -349.38465E+7 321.000 10000.1340 149.963 C-OUT COOLER VALVE VAPOR COOLER VAPOR LIQUID FEED LIQUID SEPARATO SEP-IN VALVE SEPARATO VAPOR VAPOR VAPOR SEPARATO .92078E+5 105.22750 7441.96 -1189.00 1.083 -158.576 239.000000 0.9776 -22.22750 7441.6126 8000.144382 56.76 -1997.0 0.6608989 1.755 48.72275E+5 8.19266E-4 2.

715 lbmol.2845 lbmol/hr 𝐻2 𝑂=1951.192 lbmol/hr N𝐻3 =239.8wt% 𝐻2 O=0.907 lbmol/hr Components Mole fraction of vapour stream Mole fraction of liquid stream Ammonia Water .09267 lbmol/hr F=10000lbmol/hr N𝐻3 =0.hr 𝐻2 𝑂 =48.808 lbmol/hr N𝐻3 =7760.CALCULATION V=7808.2wt% L=2191.

0636℉ 2) What are the mole fractions for ammonia and water in the vapour and liquid outlet of the separator? Vapour outlet: Ammonia: 0. Vapour outlet: 1.31 lb/hr .9938 Water: 0.1092 Water: 0.33036x lb/hr Liquid outlet: 39239.QUESTIONS 1) What is the temperature of the outlet stream of the condenser? 198.0062 Liquid outlet: Ammonia: 0.8908 3) Determine the mass flow rate (lb/hr) for each outlet stream of the separator.