You are on page 1of 34

Section 6.

0
Fire Protection

Structural steelwork
Product: Knauf Fireboard

Fp01

Structural steelwork
Product: Rocksilk FireTech Slab

Fp02

Mezzanine floors
Product: Rocksilk FireTech Slab
Fp03

Small cavity barriers
Product: Earthwool Cavity Barrier
Fp04

Large cavity barriers
Product: Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier
Fp05

Refurbishment of timber separating/internal floor
Product: Earthwool Flexible Slab
Fp06

Steel Duct Encasement
Product: Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab
Fp07

6.1

Fire Protection

Fire protection of structural steel
Fire protection design
Knauf Insulation are members of the Association for Specialist Fire Protection, and our fire protection products are listed in the Yellow Book, which presents economical methods for the fire protection of structural steelwork to provide compliance with Building Regulations

Structural steel requires fire protection because it loses structural strength at temperatures that can be rapidly reached in a building fire. This will consequently have a negative impact on the structural integrity of the building. Protecting the structural steel from the heat of a fire will delay the onset of this loss of strength and the possible collapse of the building. This is essential because it allows extra time for both the occupants of the building to escape and fire services to tackle the fire. It could also prevent the actual collapse of the building minimising insurance losses. Building Regulations covering fire safety are concerned with the preservation of life. With the increasing use of structural steel in construction, designers need fire protection solutions that provide a combination of fast installation and cost-effectiveness whilst achieving the desired finish. Whatever the application Knauf Insulation has a range of board products and systems to cater for any project. When used for the fire protection of structural steelwork, board systems offer several compelling advantages over site applied paint and spray coating systems. Board systems: • Are manufactured to factory tolerances – this enables the specifier to be certain that the correct thickness of fire protection is being applied, by simply checking the thickness of materials supplied

• Can be installed prior to the building being sealed and made watertight, in all temperature and humidity conditions – this is in contrast to paint and sprays which are often restricted by normal UK winter conditions, causing potential delay to site programs • Are fast, clean, and dry to install, with negligible dust levels, allowing other trades to work in close proximity • Are quick and easy to check (by visual inspection) that all relevant areas have been protected •  Are fully compatible with drylining systems and allow easy integration with partitioning schemes

5. Loss Prevention Council Code of Practice for Construction of Buildings Steel sections can include universal beams, columns and joists (plain and castellated), structural and rolled tees, angles, channels and round, square or rectangular hollow sections.

Benefits

Both rock mineral wool slabs and fibre reinforced gypsum boards offer a number of advantages for the fire protection of structural steelwork that make them ideal for fast track projects. Rock mineral wool • Lightweight product – at less than half the weight of calcium silicate slabs – rock mineral wool fire protection boards are easy to handle and fit on site particularly for overhead work • Ease of cutting and fixing: Rock mineral wool slabs are easy to cut with either a saw or a sharp knife, furthermore there are four fixing methods, all involve square edge butt joints between the boards which enables a fast and simple system to be installed without delaying other trades and activities Fibre reinforced gypsum • Smooth surface – only requires decorative finishes for completion • Robust and impact resistant – ideal for columns and all exposed surfaces • Easy to cut to size – can be scored and snapped to speed up cutting and reduce dust levels

Fire protection

Any steel section which is an element of structure and is deemed by any of the following regulations to require fire resistance can be protected with a fire protection system of dense rock mineral wool slabs or fibre reinforced gypsum based boards. 1.  The Building Regulations (England and Wales) Approved Document B (Fire Safety) – Volumes 1 and 2 (2006) 2. The Building (Scotland) Regulations, Technical Booklets, Section 2, 2011 3. The Building Regulations (Northern Ireland) Technical Booklet E, 2005 4. The Building Regulations (Republic of Ireland) Technical Guidance Document B (2006)

266

Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666

www.knaufinsulation.co.uk

Fire Protection

6.1

Fire protection
Solution optimiser and pathfinder­
Key

Pb01

Find online. Visit knaufinsulation.co.uk and key in construction code to find the most up to date information on your chosen solution.

Fire protection
Period of fire resistance (mins)

Knauf Insulation solution Structural steelwork Product: Knauf Fireboard
See page: 268
Fp01

0 mins

30 mins

60 mins

90 mins

120 mins

150 mins

180 mins

210 mins

240 mins

Structural steelwork Product: Rocksilk FireTech Slab
See page: 274
Fp02

Mezzanine floors Product: Rocksilk FireTech Slab
See page: 280
Fp03

Fp04

See page: 286
Fp05

Refurbishment of timber separating/ internal floor Product: Earthwool Flexible Slab
See page: 292

Fp06

Steel Duct Encasement Product: Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab
See page: 294
Fp07

Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666

www.knaufinsulation.co.uk

267

6.1

Large cavity barriers Product: Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier

Knauf Fireboard is fixed at each corner directly through the material. For steelwork encased on all four sides. Knauf Fireboard is fixed to light gauge steel angles. Edge fix the boards using either Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 150mm centres or proprietary staples at 120mm centres. solid fixing and tightly closed edge joints. Casings consist of Knauf Fireboard screwed or stapled to itself at abutting corners. 268 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. involving wall or ceiling abutments. essential for fast construction. Knauf Drywall Screws are gold passivated screws with spoon tips and ‘hi-low’ threads. *Consult plaster manufacturer prior to application of plaster finish.6.uk . Typical construction Knauf Fireboard is used in frameless encasements. providing up to two hours of fire protection.co.knaufinsulation. Its surface allows direct decoration with most paint finishes or it can be plastered*. For partial encasement. independent of the column or beam.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Structural steelwork Knauf Fireboard Fp01 Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 100mm centres into backing strips Knauf Fireboard NEW BUILD REFURB • Quick and easy to install • Dry fix system providing up to 2 hours fire protection • Combined fire protection and aesthetic finish Knauf Fireboard • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Abutment angles: light gauge steel angle provides support at soffit and wall junctions. Knauf Fireboard has a high quality white smooth surface finish ideally suited as a self finish. Fixed to adjoining soffit or section flange. Knauf Fireboard can also be installed using proprietary staples. Knauf Insulation recommend the use of Knauf Drywall Screws. Products Knauf Fireboard is a gypsum based board specially developed for high performance lining and encasement. The product has been specially developed to accept direct edge fixings.

.co. Standard version clause/clauses… K10/265…………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation. Knauf Fireboard complies with the Class ‘0’ requirements of the Building Regulations when tested to BS 476: Part 6: 1989 and Part 7: 1997 and with the limited combustibility described in the Building Regulations..Fire Protection 6....co. Refer to Knauf Insulation Material Safety Data Sheets and to the Health and Safety Executive publications. It is to be installed on beam*/column* as a complete 4 sided*/3 sided*/2 sided* encasement (*specifier’s choice) to provide .minutes fire protection as detailed in the Installation section.1 . Health and safety Knauf Fireboard must be installed with care. particularly when cutting boards. For Hp/A tables please visit knaufinsulation.co. For precise calculation of fire protection periods.uk 269 6.…mm thick. Avoid harsh body contact with sharp cut edges of metal components. Operating temperatures Continuous long term exposure to temperatures over 50ºC can induce a change of state which would reduce the physical performance and serviceability of the boards. please contact Knauf Insulation Technical Advice and Support Centre.knaufinsulation. consult the National Building Specifications. ... to be used to provide fire protection to structural steelwork. Knauf Fireboard is non-combustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970 (1984) and Class 1 surface spread of flame to BS 476: Part 7: 1997. Humidity Constant humidity over 95% or subjection to continuous water will reduce the serviceability of the boards.uk Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.1 Typical specification Knauf Fireboard. Alternatively. Ensure adequate ventilation during installation.uk/nbs Stagger joints by 300mm minimum Knauf Fireboard casing Direct edge-fixing with Knauf Drywall Screws at 200mm centres or proprietary staples at 120mm centres Performance Fire performance The system can provide up to 2 hours fire protection.

1 Fire Protection Fire protection Installation of column system Installation sequence 1 Cut two boards to the width of the column flange. Four-sided column encasement •  Cut two boards to the width of the column flange. It is good practice that board joints are staggered – as with the first layer – between adjoining boards and also between the two layers. Secure the second layer to the first with fixings spaced as for the first layer but avoid coincident fixing positions. In the case of structural steelwork. 4  pply the remaining A boards. follow the same procedure as outlined for four-sided encasement with the following differences: •  Fix 25 x 25mm light gauge steel angles. double layer encasement will obviate the need for joint backing strips.6. Cut another two to the depth of the column plus twice the thickness of the board •  Adjust the length of adjoining boards to ensure that board joints are staggered by at least 300mm •  Edge-fix the boards using either Knauf Drywall Screws at 200mm centres or proprietary staples at 120mm centres Partial column encasement Assuming a typical three-sided encasement where one of the column flanges straddles a wall. Use appropriate proprietary fixings at 600mm centres Double layer application Install the first layer as described for either full or partial encasement.uk .knaufinsulation. The installation procedures outlined here relate to normal single layer applications. to either the abutting wall face or the inner flange of the column.co. cut another two to the depth of the column plus twice the thickness of the board. in continuous lengths. 5 Edge-fix the boards using either self drilling Knauf Fireboard Gripper Screws at 200mm centres or proprietary staples at 120mm centres. 2 Hold in place the first 2 boards with clamps. 3  fter measuring the A size of the remaining 2 sides. Knauf Fireboard Gripper Screws should penetrate into the casing by at least 30mm Installation Steelwork encasements must be installed in full accordance with Knauf Insulation’s recommendations and in compliance with BS 8212: 1995 and BS 8000: Part 8: 1994. 270 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. Knauf Drywall Screws Knauf Drywall Screws should penetrate into the casing by at least 30mm. adjusting the length of adjoining boards to ensure that board joints are staggered by at least 300mm.

Fix with Knauf Fireboard Gripper Screws at maximum 100mm centres.1 Fire protection Installation of beam system Installation sequence 1 Install continuous lengths of 25 x 25mm angle using appropriate proprietary fixings at 600mm centres. Fit these. Fit these. Screw-fix these to the angles at 150mm centres with 35mm Knauf Drywall Screws •  Cut a soffit board to the width of the steel flange. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. where a beam is exposed directly below a level soffit. fix further lengths of 25 x 25mm angle at any end abutment. behind all butt joints at the sides and soffit of the beam. The length of this board must differ from the side boards to ensure adjacent board joints are staggered by at least 300mm. half-lapped. Edge-fix horizontal board to the two vertical boards using either Knauf Fireboard Gripper Screws at 150mm centres or proprietary staples at 120mm centres. The second layer of boards across the webs are fixed to the angle attached to the upper flange using 55mm long Knauf Drywall Screws at 150mm centres and the second layer across the bottom flange using Knauf Drywall Screws at nominal 150mm centres. It is good practice that board joints are staggered – as with the first layer – between adjoining boards and also between the two layers. Secure the second layer to the first with fixings spaced as for the first layer but avoid coinciding fixing positions. plus 30mm. In the case of structural steelwork. fix light gauge steel angles to either the adjoining soffit or the top flange of the beam.uk 271 6. Where two different thicknesses of Fireboard are applied.co. 2 Cut two boards to the depth of the section plus twice the board thickness plus l0mm. screw lengths should be equal to the thickness of the second layer. •  Fix further lengths of 25 x 25mm angle at any end abutment •  Cut two boards to the depth of the section plus twice the thickness of the board plus l0mm. the thicker layer is installed first.Fire Protection 6.knaufinsulation. double layer encasement will obviate the need for joint backing strips. Edge-fix this horizontal board to the two vertical boards using either self-drilling Knauf Drywall Screws at 150mm centres or staples at 120mm centres •  Cut board off-cuts 100mm wide as joint backing strips.1 . 4 Cut board off-cuts 100mm wide as joint backing strips. 3 Cut a soffit board to the width of the steel flange. half lapped. The length of this board must differ from the side boards to ensure adjacent board joints are staggered by at least 300mm. Beam encasement Assuming a typical three-sided encasement. Screw-fix these to the angles at 150mm centres with 35mm Knauf Drywall Screws. behind all butt joints at the sides and soffit of the beam fixed with Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 100mm centres Double layer application Install the first layer as described for either full or partial encasement. Install continuous lengths of 25 x 25mm angle using appropriate proprietary fixings at 600mm centres.

1 Fire Protection Fire protection Application details for beams Beam with partition abutment 25 x 25mm angle secured to top flange of beam.uk . or alternatively to soffit Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 100mm centres Fireboard casing Backing strip 10mm gap Direct edge fixing with Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 150mm centres or staples at 120mm centres C-Stud partition with standard U-Channel head track Beam with wall abutment 25 x 25mm angle secured to top flange of beam. or alternatively to soffit Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 100mm centres Fireboard casing Direct edge fixing with Knauf Fireboard Gripper Screws at maximum 150mm centres or staples at 120mm centres Continuous 25 x 25mm Knauf Fireboard Angle secured to substrate using appropriate fixings Masonry wall 272 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.co.6.knaufinsulation.

uk 273 6.1 .co.1 Column with partition abutment Direct edge fixing with Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 200mm centres or staples at 120mm centres Knauf C-Stud toggle-fixed to Knauf Fireboard casing Knauf Wallboard not fixed to this C-Stud Column with wall lining abutment Continuous 25 x 25mm Knauf Fireboard angle at each corner Knauf Wallboard not fixed to this C-Stud Direct edge fixing with Knauf Drywall Screws at maximum 200mm centres or staples at 120mm centres Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.knaufinsulation.Fire Protection 6.

co. within air plenums. using any of the fixing systems shown on the following pages. Installation Rocksilk FireTech Slab can be used with four types of fixing methods for the fire protection of structural steelwork and each system has its own performance characteristics. beams and trusses. It is available unfaced or faced with a bright Class ‘0’ reinforced aluminium foil.6. passive system • Clean installation process with negligible dust generation Rocksilk FireTech Slab • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Pig tail screws Noggin of Rocksilk FireTech Slab or Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab Product  ocksilk FireTech Slab is a dense rock mineral R wool slab. Typical construction The exposed surfaces of any steel section are fully enclosed in Rocksilk FireTech Slab. Rocksilk FireTech Slab can be used to provide up to 4 hours fire protection to structural steel and cast iron columns. Plaster manufacturers advice and guidance should be followed regarding pre-treatment of Rocksilk FireTech Slabs before application of plaster finishes Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab is an ultra high density rock mineral wool slab used for the noggin in the Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin System.uk . angles. channels and round. columns and joists (plain and castellated). Fixing methods: •  Dry Fix Noggin System •  Adhesive Noggin Fixing System •  Combination Fixing System •  Welded Pin Fixing System 274 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.knaufinsulation. square or rectangular hollow sections.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Structural steelwork Rocksilk FireTech Slab REFURB • methods Fp02 Flexible system with four installation Rocksilk FireTech Slab • Maintenance free. Steel sections may include universal beams. for applications above clean rooms. or for aesthetic purposes. structural and rolled tees.

consult the National Building Specifications. It is to be installed using the dry fix noggin system*/adhesive noggin fixing system*/ combination fixing system*/welded pin fixing system* (*specifier’s choice) as detailed in the Installation section. Rocksilk FireTech Slab is odourless and non-hygroscopic.004% of moisture.Fire Protection 6. Standard version clause/clauses… K11/885…………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation. Rocksilk FireTech Slab absorbs less than 0.1 Technical specification Rocksilk FireTech Slab. thereby satisfying the Building Regulations and insurance demands for periods of fire resistance.1 . Noggin of Rocksilk FireTech Slab or Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab Alternatively.co. to be used to provide fire protection to structural steelwork..…mm thick.uk/nbs Pig Tail Screws Rocksilk FireTech Slab Performance Fire performance Rocksilk FireTech Slab is classified as non-combustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970(1984). does not sustain vermin and will not encourage the growth of fungi. Rocksilk FireTech Slab is designed to provide up to 4 hours fire protection to structural steelwork. Durability Rocksilk FireTech Slab is rot proof.co. Rocksilk FireTech Slab is non-wicking when tested to BS 2972: 1989: Section 12. Class 1 surface spread of flame to BS 476: Part 7: 1997.uk Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.uk 275 6. When exposed to 90% relative humidity and 20ºC.knaufinsulation. For Hp/A tables please visit knaufinsulation. .co. mould or bacteria. and Class ‘0’ to the Building Regulations..

It can give up to 2 hours fire protection to BS 476: Part 21. The Combination Fixing System Can be used to provide up to 2 hours fire protection to all sizes of structural steelwork. Attach flange pieces to web pieces using pig tail screws positioned 25mm in from each end and at 150mm centres. If section factors are above 260m-1 contact our Technical Advice and Support Centre. When installing 20. Alternative installation methods The Dry Fix Noggin System Is a fast and efficient friction fit noggin system that does not require adhesive. 100mm wide noggin of Rocksilk FireTech Slab glued into place using suitable adhesive Attach flange pieces to web pieces using pig tail screws positioned 25mm in from each end and at 150mm centres. Adhesive should be used at the joint between subsequent web pieces. 25 and 30mm Rocksilk FireTech Slab. Attach web pieces to noggins with pig tail screws at 100mm centres.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Installation of Rocksilk FireTech Slab Dry Fix Noggin System Up to 2 hours fire protection Adhesive Noggin Fixing System Up to 2 hours fire protection 100mm wide noggins of Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab friction fitted between the flanges. making it fast and easy to install. The Adhesive Noggin Fixing System Can be used to provide up to 2 hours fire protection to all sizes of structural steelwork. and up to 4 hours fire protection to steelwork with section factors (Hp/A) of up to 172m-1 for columns and 184m-1 for beams.knaufinsulation.6. Attach flange pieces to web pieces using pig tail screws at 150mm centres.co. 276 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. Note: Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab has a density of 200 kg/m3.uk . Attach web pieces to noggins with pig tail screws at 100mm centres. and up to 3 hours fire protection to steelwork with section factors (Hp/A) of up to 133m-1 for columns and 143m-1 for beams. the noggins are cut from a corresponding thickness of Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab. Attach the Rocksilk FireTech Slab web and flange pieces by impaling over the 3mm diameter welded mild steel pins and securing in place with 38mm spring steel washers. Rock mineral wool slabs can be easily cut using hand or power tools. Adhesive should be used at the joint between subsequent web pieces. The use of a dense rock mineral wool slab requires no special vee cuts. Combination Fixing System Up to 3 hours fire protection Welded Pin Fixing System Up to 4 hours fire protection Attach the Rocksilk FireTech Slab web pieces by impaling over the welded pins and securing in place with 38mm spring steel washers. When greater thicknesses of Rocksilk FireTech Slab are used. noggins should be cut from a 30mm Rocksilk FireTech Dry Fix Noggin Slab. The Welded Pin Fixing System Can be used to provide up to 3 hours fire protection to all sizes of structural steelwork. drilling or sub-frames.

Adhesive noggin fixing system Noggins are cut 100mm wide from 20mm thick Rocksilk FireTech Slab. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. The welded pins should be located along the centre line of the flange at 300mm centres. It is preferable to leave the noggins in position for 4 hours to allow the adhesive to cure. web pieces to dimension Y + t (t = thickness of board) Columns: flange pieces to dimension X. Cut Rocksilk FireTech Slab to size as follows: Beams: flange pieces to dimension X. Note: For flanges greater than 400mm use welded pin and spring steel washers to provide extra retention of the flange piece of insulation. However.knaufinsulation. and screwed together using pig tail screws. The noggins should be installed in such a way that they are slightly 'proud' of the flange (by about 2mm) and such that they coincide with joints between the boards.1 Greater than 500mm Full depth Greater than 500mm Y 100mm 100mm X Insert noggins as described at 600mm centres and if practicable leave for 4 hours for adhesive to cure. web pieces to dimension Y + 2t Solid noggin formed from one or more pieces of Rocksilk FireTech Slab T-shaped noggin formed from two pieces of Rocksilk FireTech Slab joined at right angles using pig tail screws Attach web pieces to noggins using pig tail screws at 100mm centres Attach flange pieces to web pieces using pig tail screws positioned 25mm in from each end at 150mm centres. T-shaped or solid noggins should be used.Fire Protection 6. Noggins are glued top and bottom using a typical adhesive thickness of 0. formed from Rocksilk FireTech Slab. For web depths greater than 500mm.co.5mm and friction fitted between the flanges at 600mm centres. They should be cut to a suitable length relative to the web size to give a tight compression fit.1 .uk 277 6. where this is impractical Rocksilk FireTech Slab can still be fitted before the adhesive cures since the noggins are essentially friction fitted.

1 Fire Protection Fire protection Application details for beams Partition abutment using a noggin fixing system Pig tail screws at maximum 100mm centres Rocksilk FireTech noggin Rocksilk FireTech Slab Direct edge fixing with pig tail screws at maximum 150mm centres Attach flange piece to web piece by impaling over welded pins and securing the board to board joint with pig tail screws at 150mm centres.6.knaufinsulation. Spring steel washers are used over the welded pins to retain the insulation. any excess pin length being trimmed off C-Stud partition with standard U-Channel head track Wall abutment using a noggin fixing system Pigtail screws at maximum 100mm centres Masonry wall Rocksilk FireTech Slab Direct edge fixing with pig tail screws at maximum 150mm centres Attach flange piece to web piece by impaling over welded pins and securing the board to board joint with pig tail screws at 150mm centres. any excess pin length being trimmed off 278 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.co. Spring steel washers are used over the welded pins to retain the insulation.uk .

excellent rates of usage are achievable.uk 279 6. Steelwork should ideally be dry but the presence of condensation will merely prolong the cure time.5mm. The screws should be installed flush at 150mm centres on board to board joints and 100mm centres over noggins.knaufinsulation. using either power or hand tools. Pig tail screws The spirally wound or pig tail screws are made from 16 gauge galvanised wire and are available from stockists.1 . Note: Steelwork should be clean and free from grease prior to the application of adhesive. not weaken the bond strength.co. There is no need to countersink the screw heads. Column with partition abutment Rocksilk FireTech Slab Knauf Wallboard not fixed to this C-Stud Direct edge fixing with pig tail screws at maximum 150mm centres Column with wall lining abutment Masonry wall Knauf Wallboard not fixed to this C-Stud Rocksilk FireTech Slab Direct edge fixing with pig tail screws at maximum 150mm centres Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. A specification is available on request from our Technical Advice and Support Centre.1 Adhesive detail The adhesive used for gluing Rocksilk FireTech Slabs should be a thixotropic paste type based on soluble solids of silicate and potassium mixed with clay or refractory mineral filler to an approximate ratio of 70:30 by weight. * For further details contact our Technical Advice and Support Centre. Since only the top and bottom surface of each noggin is glued with a typical adhesive thickness of 0.Fire Protection 6.

Performance Rocksilk FireTech Slab is rot proof. Performance Fire performance Rocksilk FireTech Slab is classified as non-combustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970 (1984). the casing is normally supplied in two pieces with the closing face fixed with snap-lock joints. For columns.7mm thick. mould or bacteria and is odourless and non-hygroscopic. using a metal clip. clean and quick to install Provides up to 3 hours fire resistance System covers section factors up to 310 Hp/A . Installation The column case is pre-fabricated to suit the specific beam or column. or the flange of the steel section.co. The column case is made of galvanized or PVC coated steel minimum 0. will not encourage the growth of fungi. and Class ‘O’ to the Building Regulations. 280 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. Alternatively the casing may be secured using an integral lip on the casing. thereby satisfying the current Building Regulations and insurance industry fire resistance performance standards. Rocksilk FireTech Slab is designed to provide up to 3 hours fire protection to the mezzanine floor column support system. Class 1 Surface Spread of Flame to BS 476: Part 7:1977.(A/V) Fp03 Rocksilk FireTech Slab • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Rocksilk FireTech Slab Product Rocksilk FireTech Slab is a dense rock mineral wool slab specifically designed for the fire protection of structural steelwork.uk .6. Typical construction The exposed surface of a steel section is fully enclosed in Rocksilk FireTech Slab.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Mezzanine floors Rocksilk FireTech Slab REFURB • • • Simple.knaufinsulation. or to the wall or floor at 500mm nominal centres. Note that no adhesive is applied to the joints between individual slabs. snap-lock system. does not sustain vermin. Three-sided encasements are secured at 300mm centres to continuous galvanized steel angles. It is lined with Rocksilk Firetech Slab which is pre-bonded to the steel skin.

Mezzanine floors Time . Standard version clause/clauses… K11/885………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation.knaufinsulation. to be used to provide fire protection to structural steelwork in a mezzanine floor system.1 .uk/nbs Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.Fire Protection 6.co.co.1 Table 1 .uk 281 6. consult the National Building Specifications. Alternatively.mm thick.mins 60 Board Thickness (mm) 20 25 30 35 40 45 90 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 120 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 180 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 Hp/A 224 260 310 310 310 310 91 115 139 165 190 217 244 260 270 310 57 72 87 102 117 133 149 165 181 49 58 66 75 84 92 101 110 198 Technical specification Rocksilk FireTech Slab….

between the outer leaf and the inner leaf or frame. In Scotland large cavity barriers. The noncombustible nature of glass mineral wool allows it to resist the effects of fire. for specific periods of fire resistance in small and large voids (as required by the Building Regulations) it is necessary to use specific products that have been tested and assessed to offer the required performance when installed in a specific way. For full details about the position and spacing of cavity fire barriers refer to the relevant sections of the appropriate Building Regulations. enabling it to remain in place during the fire and effectively block the transfer of fire through the cavity. using specific fixing components. Small cavity barriers Small voids include the cavities in external walls and voids beneath raised access floors.co. In addition cavity barriers are also required to be placed above fire resisting partitions. In cavities in external walls the resilient properties of glass mineral wool mean that it can be compression fitted. Large cavity barriers In England. This includes the specification of all associated fixings and supporting frame work. 282 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. In the case of fire stopping minor imperfections of fit between construction elements or components. The Building Regulations require cavity barriers to sub-divide voids if they extend beyond certain dimensions. Both glass and rock mineral wool products are ideal to act as cavity barriers due to their inherent non-combustibility. Fixing systems Any product used for fire protection can only be considered to be offering a specific period of fire protection when it is installed in the manner specified in the appropriate fire test report. providing a minimum of 30 minutes integrity and 15 minutes insulation. Also. Concealed cavities Fire and smoke spread in concealed spaces is particularly hazardous because fire can spread quickly throughout a building and remain undetected by the occupants of the building. due consideration must be given to the class of surface exposed within the cavity.6. The maximum distance between barriers must be appropriate to the location of each cavity. if necessary. Cavity barriers should achieve at least 30 minutes fire resistance. Cavity barriers are used to sub divide cavities and so prevent smoke and flame from by-passing fire-resisting walls and partitions.1 Fire Protection Cavity barriers Cavity barrier design Design considerations Every building must be designed and constructed in such a way that in the event of an outbreak of fire within the building. Detailed requirements are complex.uk . it is acceptable to seal small gaps with unfaced glass or rock mineral wool products. all cavity barriers should be constructed to provide at least 30 minutes fire resistance and 15 minutes insulation. must provide the same. Larger voids include the spaces between suspended ceilings and soffits or roofs. which are defined as being greater than 1m x 1m in size.knaufinsulation. the unseen spread of fire and smoke within concealed cavities in its structure and fabric is inhibited. Wales and Northern Ireland. However.

5mm plasterboard Period of fire resistance (mins) Knauf Insulation solution Small cavity barriers .Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellinghouses (2006) 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier 50mm cavity 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier Cavity barrier A construction. to restrict the passage of fire or smoke.knaufinsulation.Fire Protection 6.to be deleted 0 mins 30 mins 60 mins 90 mins 120 mins 150 mins 180 mins 210 mins 240 mins Fp04 Large cavity barriers Product: Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier See page: 286 Fp05 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. provided to close a concealed space against penetration of smoke or flame.uk 283 6. Any unfaced glass or rock mineral product can be used as a fire stop.co. or provided to restrict the movement of smoke or flame within such a space.1 . Fire stop Seal provided to close an imperfection of fit or design tolerance between elements or components.1 Photograph courtesy of Henley Building Systems 30 minutes fire resistance 1 hour fire resistance Definitions The following definitions are taken from Approved Document B (Fire safety) . Suspended ceiling of 12. other than smoke curtain.

 he barriers are 1200mm long and can be T used in both vertical and horizontal applications. therefore. They are also suitable for reducing flanking noise transmission in these concealed cavities.knaufinsulation. floors and cavities in timber frame.6. and are available in two standard widths (100mm and 300mm). Typical construction Earthwool Cavity Barriers are engineered to prevent the spread of smoke and fire through walls. acoustics and party wall bypass applications • Simple. the top flange of the polythene sleeve should be fixed to the inner leaf. both flanges of the Earthwool Cavity Barrier should be fixed to the inner leaf. essential to specify the Earthwool Cavity Barrier by reference to the actual constructed cavity width.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Small cavity barriers Earthwool Cavity Barrier Fp04 NEW BUILD • Meets Building Regulation requirements for fire. Earthwool Cavity Barriers do not rely on the polythene flanges to hold them in place. 300mm barriers are used where higher performance levels are specified and at party wall/external wall cavity junctions. but on their compression between the inner and outer leaf. Installation In vertical applications.uk . Earthwool Cavity Barriers are designed to compress to a tight fit in cavities and in the event of fire breaking into the cavity. The polythene sleeve is colour coded to suit a variety of cavity widths from 50mm to 100mm and eliminates the need for weather protection during installation. In horizontal applications. 284 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.co. metal frame and masonry buildings. The use of the correct size of Earthwool Cavity Barrier is essential. clean and quick to install • Colour coded for easy identification Earthwool Cavity Barrier • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • A+ Generic BRE Green Guide rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Earthwool Cavity Barrier stapled through top flange to sheathing to fully fill the cavity Brick outer leaf Product Earthwool Cavity Barrier is manufactured from a continuous length of non-combustible glass mineral wool which is compressed within a resilient polythene sleeve incorporating two flanges designed for ease of fixing. It is. All joints and intersections of Earthwool Cavity Barriers should be closely butted. 100mm barriers are used for normal fire stopping and noise reduction applications.

All joints and intersections of Earthwool Cavity Barriers should be closely butted together. Earthwool Cavity Barriers meet the generic description for cavity closers and will therefore ensure compliance with Part E and Robust Details in timber frame and masonry wall constructions.knaufinsulation. coloured yellow*/ blue*/white* to be friction fitted in the positions shown on the drawings. consult the National Building Specifications.co.stapled to sheathing board either side of party wall Earthwool FrameTherm Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation.uk/nbs Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. consult the National Building Specifications.1 Typical junction with party wall Technical specification Timber frame construction Earthwool Cavity Barrier 100mm*/300mm* wide. Acoustic performance Building Regulations require the use of a cavity closer to reduce flanking noise transmission along party wall cavities and external wall cavities in masonry and timber frame constructions.1 .co. Earthwool Cavity Barrier to fully fill the depth of the cavity. Standard version clause/clauses… P10/420…………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation.Fire Protection 6.uk 285 6.uk/nbs Masonry construction Earthwool Cavity Barrier 100mm*/ 300mm* wide. Earthwool Timber Frame Party Wall Slab Polythene flanges to be stapled to the timber*/sheathing board* to hold the cavity barrier in place. Table 2 . Standard version clause/clauses… P10/420…………… 300mm wide Earthwool Cavity Barrier . Alternatively.Colour coding Cavity width (mm) 50-65 66-80 81-100 Colour yellow blue white Earthwool Cavity Barrier to fully fill the depth of the cavity. integrity and insulation. Performance Fire performance Earthwool Cavity Barriers are manufactured from glass mineral wool which has a Euroclass A1 rating when classified in accordance with BS EN 13501-1. Earthwool Cavity Barriers have been tested for fire resistance in accordance with BS 476: Part 8: 1972 and will provide 60 minutes stability. Alternatively. coloured yellow*/ blue*/white* to be friction fitted in the positions shown on the drawings. All joints and intersections of Earthwool Cavity Barriers should be closely butted together.co.

supported continuously from above and both sides. flexible and adaptable system Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier 50mm airgap Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier fixed to 50mm timber spacer Product  ocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is made from R rock mineral wool and formed into a flexible mattress faced on one side with galvanised wire mesh stitched in position. See Table 3 for specification of fixings and supporting metalwork. using the fixings listed in the Table 3.uk . applied as a hanging curtain. 286 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. Typical construction For half an hour fire resistance A single layer of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier.6.291 for installation details.40mm x 2mm See Table 3 for suitable method of fixing angles and strips to substrate.co. supported continuously from above and both sides. Suitable for drops up to 7 metres. At the base Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is either lapped freely on to the back of a suspended ceiling or fixed to a partition head.knaufinsulation. If these specifications are not strictly followed the installation cannot be deemed to offer any specific period of fire protection. At the base it is either lapped freely on to the back of a suspended ceiling. Installation See page 288 . Use foil faced Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier when the ceiling void is used as an air plenum. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier must be installed in accordance with the specifications detailed below and on the following pages.50mm x 50mm x 2mm or 60mm x 40mm x 2mm Strip: Mild steel . Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is also available foil faced on one or both sides. using the fixings listed in Table 3.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Large cavity barrier Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier Fp05 Metal angle fixed to soffit REFURB • Simple. or fixed to a partition head. For one hour fire resistance Two layers of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier. separated by a 50mm air space. applied as a hanging curtain with wire mesh to the outside. clean and quick to install • Provides both fire and acoustic performance • Versatile.  ixing components: F Angle: Mild steel .

the wire side was exposed to the furnace as this is the side most vulnerable to fire. and fixed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. after which time the test was discontinued. A double layer of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier thereby satisfies the criteria laid down in the Building Regulations for one hour cavity barriers. and retained its integrity for 35 minutes. All joints either tightly butted. a system comprising one layer of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier. or with edges returned. (* delete as appropriate)  Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier fixed to timber spacer One hour cavity barrier Two layers of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier (*foil faced). after which time the test was discontinued.1 Technical specification Metal angles fixed to soffit Half hour cavity barrier A single layer of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier (*foil faced) to be installed in the positions marked on the drawings. and stitched in a continuous spiral loop with 1mm diameter galvanised lacing wire. consult the National Building Specifications. 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier thereby satisfies the criteria laid down in the Building Regulations for cavity barriers. When tested.co. overlapped. All joints either tightly butted. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier has a Class 1 Surface Spread of Flame to BS 476: Part 7: 1997 and is Class ‘0’ to the Building Regulations. Standard version clause/clauses… K10/545…………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation. and stitched in a continuous spiral loop with 1mm diameter galvanised lacing wire.1 .uk/nbs Performance Fire performance Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is made from rock mineral wool and is classified as noncombustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970. fixed by using the components and methods detailed on the following pages achieved 19 minutes insulation.Fire Protection 6. When subjected to full scale fire resistance tests to BS 476: Part 22: 1987. overlapped. fixed by using the components and methods detailed on the following pages. or with edges returned. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. and retained its integrity for 66 minutes. achieved 61 minutes insulation.co. Fire resistance is effective from either side of the barrier. a system comprising a double layer of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier.knaufinsulation. by exceeding the minimum requirement of 15 minutes insulation and 30 minutes integrity .uk 287 6. and fixed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. When subjected to full scale fire resistance tests to BS 476: Part 22: 1987. These tests incorporated vertical and horizontal joints between barriers. (* delete as appropriate)  Alternatively. separated by a 50mm air space to be installed in the positions marked on the drawings.

Junction with ceiling Installation The following information and illustrations outline typical details for the installation of large cavity barriers. Alternatively. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be bolted to the purlins (Figure 2). to a length equivalent to 3 times the profile depth. If the depth of coffering is less than 100mm. At partitions or wall heads. At the ceiling junction. The wire reinforced sides should be placed outward. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be returned at the top by 300mm. each in a manner identical to that shown for half hour fire resistance.uk . Metal deck with overdeck insulation If Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier runs with the slope of the roof. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be clamped with a steel strip Two layers of 50mm Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier with a 50mm air space between them are needed for one hour fire resistance. In general two separate layers should be installed back to back.  Fixed across coffered ceiling 5. to allow for cutting at the ribs and pushed securely into the coffering (Figure 4). If the deck is coffered it should usually be possible to locate the cavity barrier along one of the ribs (Figure 3). In case of uncertainty. to allow for cutting at troughs and pushing securely into profiles. Metal angle fixed to purlin 2.6. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be fixed around the coffering using steel angle. which is itself fixed to the joists (Figure 6). as at soffits. Alternatively. The perimeter of the barrier should be secured with steel strip (Figure 5). If fitted across the coffering it should be clamped by steel strip. Fixed to purlin 3. proprietary profile fillers may be used. a supporting steel angle should be fixed between purlins and the smoke and fire barrier clamped to this with steel strip (Figure 1). Concrete decks Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is clamped between the deck and steel angle secured by expanding bolts. proprietary profile fillers may be used. as described above. For suspended ceilings. 288 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. It is returned at the top. The joints in the two layers should be staggered and Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier returned outward at the top and bottom.  Perimeter fixing with steel strip 6.co. if a secure fixing is available. refer to Knauf Insulation. see Figure 7. The insulation should project 80mm beyond the strip to ensure a good seal. If fitted across the sheeting profile. If the depth of coffering is greater than 100mm. to the steel angle which is secured to the ribs.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Installation of half hour cavity barrier 80mm minimum 1. and secured by fixing to steel angle. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier is cut and draped on and between the joists.knaufinsulation.  Fixed to rib of coffered slab 4. see Figure 11.

Fixing at perimeter Fixing system specifications Partitions and wall heads If possible.75 7 2 0. minimum 25mm thread penetration into timber Buildex HT screws.75 4.5 2 1 6 2 1 6.Fire Protection 6.5 2 7 2 0. Perimeter fixing Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be secured with steel strip to the sides of the perimeter wall.50mm x 50mm x 2mm or 60mm x 40mm x 2mm Strip: Mild steel .Specification of angles and strips Angle: Mild steel .5 2 2 M6 bolts 4 2 1.150mm.75 2 2 1. it should be draped with a return of at least 150mm.knaufinsulation. Fixing to wall head 9.5 5 2 1. Fixing to timber spacer 10.When clamped to flat surface (vertical or horizontal) 80mm.5 5. or fixed to a timber spacer which is fixed to the partition or wall head (Figures 6 and 9). Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.5 1 1 0.5 2 4 2 4.5 2 1.co.75 1. When loose laid over horizontal surface .40mm x 2mm Angle fixings to concrete decks and steel sections: angles 50 x 50 x 2mm Fire resistance period (mins) 30 60 Key: 3 2 2 M8 bolts Maximum spacing of fixings (m) for the following drop heights (m) 3. Fixed to concrete slab 8. Table 3 . If this is not possible.5 2 0.5 2 5 2 5.5 2 6 2 6.75 Angle fixings to timber beams and trusses: angles 50 x 50 x 2mm Fire resistance period (mins) 30 60 Key: 3 2 Maximum spacing of fixings (m) for the following drop heights (m) 3. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be secured with steel strip to the partition or wall head so as to maintain the 50mm air space (Figure 8).5 1.1 Fire protection Installation of one hour cavity barrier 7. minimum 40mm thread penetration into timber To masonry and concrete To timber To steel angle Steel strip fixings: Buildex Tapcon 4H masonry anchors Buildex HT range of fixings Steel bolts Minimum return of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier .1 . so as to maintain the 50mm air space (Figure 10).uk 289 6.75 Buildex HT screws.

Horizontal joint at a drop Suspended ceilings With suspended ceilings where positive fixing to wall heads or partition heads is not possible. Vertical butt joint 13.1 Fire Protection Fire protection Jointing Rocksilk Smoke and Fire barrier 11. or they may be lapped at least 100mm and wired together (Figure 14). Lapped joints are only permissible where the suspended ceiling has the same fire resistance as the cavity barrier. For drops between 5m and 7m it is necessary to introduce additional supporting members in order to support the weight of the fire barriers (Figure 16). sewn to the main barrier and then strapped or wired so as to avoid any possibility of gaps (Figure 17).knaufinsulation. Vertical returned joint 14. Vertical and horizontal joints Three methods of securing the joints between adjacent pieces of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier are approved. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier must be slit and fitted around any crossing tees to eliminate gaps and ensure that excessive loads are not transferred to the ceiling (Figure 11). the weight of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier and the stiffness of wire facing are such that it will form an effective seal if it laps the horizontal surface by a minimum of 150mm. Perpendicular joints The junction between two barriers should be securely wired together (Figure 15) with a return of at least 80mm. Drops All barriers can be used for drop heights up to 5m without additional support. Jointing This section describes the approved methods for joining adjacent pieces of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier. The methods are applicable to both half and one hour large cavity barriers. The stitching should pass through the reinforcement mesh and the wool on each side of the butt joint at centres not exceeding 100mm (Figure 12). Vertical lap joint 500mm minimum overlap 15. Perpendicular joint 16. A one hour barrier requires one collar on both sides of the barrier system. Alternatively the Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier edges are returned at least 80mm and wired together (Figure 13). Services Services which are permitted by Building Regulations to penetrate barriers. A half hour barrier requires a collar on one side of the barrier.6. Joints are tightly butted together and stitched in a continuous spiral loop with 1mm diameter galvanised lacing wire. 290 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. should be provided with collars of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier at least 300mm long.co.uk . Junction with suspended ceiling 12.

When fixing to a sloping deck. It will be found helpful to make a temporary prop from.1 .co. A half hour barrier requires a collar on one side of the barrier. It is used to hold the Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier up. with studs on the top which will hook into the wire mesh of the Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier. The voids in the steelwork are filled with Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier (figure 18). while fixing is being carried out. Following trades The integrity of barriers must be restored if disturbed by following trades.Fire Protection 6. Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be fixed securely to the frame. This may be swivelled on the top of a handle. This instruction should be incorporated into the building handbook. A one hour barrier requires one collar on both of the layers of the barrier system. e. Penetrating pipe 18. The collar is fixed to the concrete or metal deck by clamping against these surfaces behind steel angle. This may comprise a crosspiece of length appropriate to the width of the Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier. the top of the Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier should be trimmed to the correct angle to ensure that joints are truly vertical (Figure 19).knaufinsulation.uk 291 6. it is sometimes difficult to hold the material in place while top fixings are being secured.g. a fire door and frame. slotted angle. Temporary framework to ease handling Penetrating steelwork This should be provided with a collar of Rocksilk Smoke and Fire Barrier at least 300mm long (Figure 18). and secured horizontally or to the angle of the roof by an adjustable brace. 100mm or so behind the fixing location. Penetrating steelwork 19. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. must be used. Handling Depending on the size of the barrier and the working space available.1 Fire protection Penetrating pipes and ducts 300mm minimum 17. either during the building process or after completion. rated to the appropriate fire resistance. Access Where permanent access is needed through the barrier.

the floor to the new rooms must have 30 minutes fire resistance over any part of the escape route directly below. Staple the wire mesh to the sides of the joists. so that there are no gaps between the insulation and the joists. To achieve one hours fire resistance: •  The floor deck should be at least 18mm thick tongued and grooved chipboard or timber boarding •  The joists must be at least 200mm deep and 37mm wide •  The wire mesh should be stapled to the sides of the joists at least 40mm above the ceiling level • Any ceiling can be used Installation After removal of the floor deck. This is often the case when. Fix a chipboard floor deck. line the voids in the floor with 25mm wire mesh. the floor of the new room extends over a landing in the stairway enclosure below. thermal and fire resistant applications.6.knaufinsulation. over the entire floor area. 292 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. The solution on this page provides the required period of fire protection without having to upgrade the existing ceiling. at least 18mm thick. Cut 100mm Earthwool Flexible Slabs to size and lay onto the wire mesh support. at least 40mm up from ceiling level.co. whilst allowing the existing ceiling to be retained. Butt joint the insulation slabs so there are no gaps between them. to form a support tray for the insulation.uk . for example. Introduction Where the loft space of a two storey house is converted into habitable accommodation. Typical construction The use of Earthwool Flexible Slab in a suspended timber floor achieves one hour fire resistance.1 Fire Protection Internal floor Refurbishment of timber separating/internal floor Earthwool Flexible Slab REFURB • Existing ceiling can be retained. avoiding disruption to rooms below • Provides thermal and acoustic insulation as well as fire resistance  Meets the requirements of • Approved Document E for sound resistance of internal floors Earthwool Flexible Slab Fp06 • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • A+ Generic BRE Green Guide rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) Support mesh stapled to joists Existing ceiling Earthwool Flexible Slab Minimum 18mm Chipboard Products  arthwool Flexible Slab is a multi-purpose rock E mineral wool slab designed to be friction fitted in a wide range of acoustic.

Alternatively.1 Typical wall floor junction Typical specification Existing wall Earthwool Flexible Slab cut and friction fitted between last joist and wall Minimum 18mm chipboard Lay 100mm Earthwool Flexible Slab on 25mm chicken wire mesh. stapled to sides of joists at least 40mm up from ceiling level and at 600mm centres.Fire Protection 6. The joists should be at least 200 x 37mm and spaced at not more than 600mm centres. The flooring board to be at least 18mm thick. meet the requirements of Approved Document E of the Building Regulations.uk/nbs Earthwool Flexible Slab Wire mesh stapled to joists to provide support for Earthwool Flexible Slab Existing ceiling Performance Fire performance Earthwool Flexible Slab is classified as Euroclass A1 to BS EN 13501-1 and noncombustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970 (1984).co. Standard version clause/clauses… P10/250…………… Knauf Insulation specification clauses can be downloaded from knaufinsulation.1 .50mm standard plasterboard ceiling) will be at least 40dB and therefore. consult the National Building Specifications.knaufinsulation. Class 1 Surface Spread of Flame to BS 476: Part 7: 1997 and Class ‘0’ to the Building Regulations. Acoustic The acoustic performance of an internal floor containing 100mm of Earthwool Flexible Slab (and 12.uk 293 6. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.co.

The slabs are faced with a bright Class ‘O’ reinforced aluminium foil. Typical construction The exposed surfaces of steel ductwork are fully enclosed in Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab using the fixing system shown on the following pages. within air plenums or for aesthetic purposes. Installation Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab is applied in a single thickness. 294 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.uk . making it suitable for applications above clean rooms. Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab has been tested in accordance with BS 476: 24:1987 and can provide up to two hours fire resistance for steel ductwork exposed to fire either inside or outside of the duct. Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab can be used to provide up to 2 hours fire protection to steel ductwork. Class 1 surface spread of flame to BS 476: Part 7:1997 and Class ‘O’ to the Building Regulations. Their lightweight nature also makes them easy to use. Performance Fire Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab is classified as non-combustible to BS 476: Part 4: 1970 (1984).1 Fire Protection Fire protection Steel Duct Encasement Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab NEW BUILD REFURB • Lightweight. Moisture resistance Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab is non-wicking when tested to BS 2972: 1989: Section 12.co.The fixing system of welded pins and square edge butt joints gives a fast and simple system which requires no special vee cuts.knaufinsulation. Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab absorbs less than 0.004% of moisture.6. Individual slabs are 1200mm long and 600mm wide making them easy to carry around site. When exposed to 90% relative humidity and 20ºC. removing the need for multi layer applications. drilling or sub-frames and also makes the slabs fast and easy to install. This provides assurance of a uniform thickness and therefore the integrity of the system and allows for easy verification of correct installation on site. mineral wool has approximately one half to one third of the weight of traditional silicate and vermiculite boards • Fast and simple fixing system makes the slabs quick and easy to install • Provides excellent acoustic and thermal performance insulation Fp07 Blockwork compartment wall Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab • Non-combustible with a Euroclass A1 reaction to fire rating • Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) • Zero Global Warming Potential (GWP) RS33 Slab as packing Steel angle rivetted at 150mm centres Rocksilk Pyroduct fixed to duct Rocksilk Pyroduct glued to wall and insulation Product Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab is a 160 kg/m3 density rock mineral wool slab.

Table 4 displays the thicknesses required for vertical and horizontal ducts and also for kitchen extract ducts for the commonest periods of fire resistance. Foil facing omitted for clarity Table 4 . Fire protection Any vertical or horizontal. Table 5 . It is to be installed using the fixing system as detailed....mm thick to be used to provide up to 2 hours fire protection to steel ductwork as detailed in this schedule (specifier to state which ducts require fire protection). Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.20 14..1 ..Required thickness of Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab Thickness of insulation (mm) Period of fire resistance (hours) 0.5 1..uk 295 6.0 2. mechanically assisted systems and those relying on natural convection can be protected with Rocksilk PyroDuct Slabs to provide the required degree of fire protection.knaufinsulation. including ducted supply and extract systems (whether through ducts or plenums).Weight of slabs Thickness (mm) 45 90 Weight (kg/m2) 7....40 Achieving the required fire performance The required thickness of Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab depends upon the orientation of the duct and the period of fire resistance required.1 Typical specification Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab. orientation and period of fire protection required.Fire Protection 6.. rectangular or square steel ductwork associated with ventilation and/or air conditioning systems. and at a thickness with due regard to the duct size.0 Vertical ducts 45 90 Horizontal ducts 45 90 Kitchen extract ducts 45 90 - Weight Table 5 shows the weight per square metre of Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab.co.

vertical surfaces to dimension Y + 2t.6. Y exceed 1000mm. Trim off pin lengths to about 30mm excess and bend this excess to form a right angle with the insulation. Where the dimension of the vertical sides the steel pins should be in rows starting 50mm in from the edge and spaced apart at a maximum of 500mm centres. 7.co. Glue all board to board joints using a thixotropic silicate based adhesive.uk . 4. it is good practice to offset the joints for each surface. 296 Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www. 2. 8. where t = thickness of insulation. 500mm max 35 0m m 50mm 6 7 8 5. Attach the insulation by impaling over the welded pins and securing with 38mm spring steel washers. Weld 3mm diameter steel pins at 350mm longitudinal centres along the horizontal surfaces of the ductwork in rows starting 50mm in from the longitudinal edge and spaced apart at a maximum of 500mm centres. Although not essential. Weld 3mm diameter steel pins at 350mm longitudinal centres along the centre line of the vertical sides of the ductwork. Cut Rocksilk PyroDuct Slab to size as follows: horizontal surfaces to dimension X.knaufinsulation. Greater than 1000mm 50mm 500mm max 35 0m m X Y X 500mm max 500mm max 35 m 0m 35 0m m 50mm Y 50mm 3. 6.1 Fire Protection Fire protection 0 35 mm 35 0m m Steel Duct Encasement 35 0m m Greater than 1000mm 50mm 500mm max 35 m 0m Greater than 1000mm 50mm 500mm max 35 0m m X 1.

two angles should be used. and 45mm Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab installed perpendicular to the duct at the penetration. the ductwork in the immediate vicinity of the penetration should be stiffened as follows: a) When the flange is within 100mm of the penetration then a 50 x 50 x 3mm steel angle should be rivetted to the top edge of the duct using a single row of rivets with washers starting 50mm from the edge and at 150mm centres. In these situations. Ductwork passing through compartment walls or floors In accordance with The Building Regulations. 120 x 90mm sections of Rocksilk Pyroduct Slab is glued to the wall and main Pyroduct insulation. Earthwool Building Slab RS33 should be used to pack any gap between the main insulation and the blockwork.co.1 Fire protection Steel Duct Encasement Vertical ducts The installation detail on the previous pages for horizontal ducts is also relevant for vertical ductwork.uk 297 6. when ductwork passes through any element of construction which has a designated period of fire resistance. the integrity of that compartment should be maintained. though the horizontal and vertical surfaces referred to for horizontal ductwork will be the longest and shortest surfaces respectively in vertical ductwork. fixed as described in a) above. Technical Advice and Support Centre 01744 766666 www.Fire Protection – 6.1 . b) When the flange is greater than 100mm from the penetration.knaufinsulation.

knaufinsulation.co.uk@knaufinsulation.Knauf Insulation Ltd PO Box 10 Stafford Road St Helens Merseyside WA10 3NS Customer Service (Sales) Tel: 0844 800 0135 Fax: 01744 612007 Email: sales.uk@knaufinsulation.uk@knaufinsulation.com www.com Literature Tel: 08700 668 660 Fax: 0870 400 5797 Email: info.com .uk Technical Advice and Support Centre Tel: 01744 766 666 Fax: 01744 766 667 Email: technical.