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Name: ___________________ American History 8

Date: _____________ Mrs. DeVito/Mrs. Bevan

Chapter 21: The Progressive Spirit of Reform Homework Questions Directions: Please answer all of the Chapter 21 HW Questions in complete sentences and submit on the due dates below. *****OR****** Choose one of the mini-projects listed below in place of the HW Questions and submit by December 20. Section 1: The Gilded Age & the Progressive Movement, p. 662-669, Homework DUE: December 11 1. What was the goal of political machines? 2. What were some of the goals of the Progressives? 3. Who were the muckrakers? 4. What resulted from Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle? 5. Explain how each of the following changed voters’ rights: a. Primaries b. Recall c. Initiatives d. Referendum Section 2: Reforming the Workplace, p. 670-674 You can read this section, but you do not have to answer questions about it. Section 3: The Rights of Women and Minorities, p. 675-679, Homework DUE: December 18 6. Why were some people opposed to giving women the right to vote? 7. Describe the tactics used by Alice Paul to gain the right to vote. 8. What was the Nineteenth Amendment? 9. Describe Booker T. Washington’s strategy to end racial discrimination. 10. Explain how W.E.B. DuBois’ views were different from Washington’s. 11. What was the purpose of the NAACP? Section 4: The Progressive Presidents, p. 680-683 You can read this section, but you do not have to answer questions about it. Alternative Homework Mini-Projects (Choose ONE) DUE Dec. 20 1. Write a letter from Susan B. Anthony to young women today explaining the importance of voting. 2. Read about Malala Yousefzai, a 15 year old Pakistani girl who was shot in the head for campaigning for education in her country. 3. Propose your own initiative. Write about an idea for a new law in our country, our state, or a rule in our school. 4. Debate voting age. Should 14 year olds be allowed to vote? **If you are interested in one of these options, please ask Mrs. Bevan/DeVito for more information.**

Name: ___________________ American History 8

Date: _____________ Mrs. DeVito/Mrs. Bevan

HW Alternative #1: Letter from Susan B. Anthony Directions 1. Research/Brainstorming. Read about Susan B. Anthony in your textbook and search for more information about her on-line. Find out what time period she lived in and what she did to try to advance women’s rights in her lifetime. You will want to include at least two specific references to things that Anthony did to try to gain the right to vote for all women. 2. Think about why some young people do not always vote. You will want to include at least two arguments convincing young women that it is important to vote. 3. Imagine that you are Susan B. Anthony and you learn that only about 50% of eligible voters actually voted in the 2012 election. Write a letter from Susan B. Anthony to young women living in the 21st Century explaining why it is important for them to vote. Include specific references to things that Susan B. Anthony did to try to improve women’s rights in her lifetime.

Grading Rubric Outstanding! (100) Letter is at least one page long. Letter includes at least two specific references to things that Susan B. Anthony or other women did to work for women’s suffrage. Letter includes at least two reasons why voting is important. Letter is written in a clear and convincing style. Above Average (85) Letter is at less than one page long. Letter includes at least one specific reference to things that Susan B. Anthony or other women did to work for women’s suffrage. Letter includes at least two reasons why voting is important. Letter is written in a somewhat convincing style. Average (70) Unacceptable/Incomplete

Letter is at less than one Assignment was incomplete. page long. Letter lacks specific references to things that Susan B. Anthony or other women did to work for women’s suffrage. Letter includes at least one reason why voting is important. Letter is written in a somewhat convincing style.

Name: ___________________ American History 8 HW Alternative #2: Read about Malala Yousefzai

Date: _____________ Mrs. DeVito/Mrs. Bevan

Directions: Search the Internet for Malala Yousefzai. Read at least THREE articles about her. Answer the questions below on a separate piece of paper. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What country did Malala live in? How old is she? Why was she shot by Taliban soldiers? How did people around the world react to this attack? What has Malala been through since this attack? Where is she now? Malala risked her life to fight for education for young girls. What do you think she would say to young American girls who do not want to go to school? 8. Is there any cause that you would be willing to risk your life for like she did? 9. Please provide the following information for the THREE website that you used: a. Title of the Website (for example “New York Times”) b. Web Address (for example: http://www.npr.org/2012/11/27/165933099/in-pakistan-shootingmalalas-friends-also-bear-scars) c. Date that the article was written. **Please note – google, bing, yahoo, etc. are not websites; they are search engines. Instead, provide the name and address of the sites that they led you to!** Grading Rubric Outstanding! (100) Answered all questions completely and correctly. Provided thought and depth to the answers for questions 7 & 8. Used at least THREE websites and provided information about those sites. Above Average (85) Answered all questions but some answers lacked detail. Provided some thought and depth to the answers for questions 7 & 8. Used one website or did not provide information about the sites. Average (70) Answered all questions but some answers lacked detail. Answers to questions 7 & 8 lacked depth. Used one website or did not provide information about the sites. Unacceptable/Incomplete Assignment was incomplete.

Name: ___________________ American History 8 HW Alternative #3: Propose your own Initiative Initiative: an idea for a law that is proposed by a citizen. Directions

Date: _____________ Mrs. DeVito/Mrs. Bevan

1. Think about a problem that exists in our nation, state, town, or school. Think about a way to solve that problem through legislation (passing a law or making a rule). 2. Write a three paragraph proposal for your law/rule following the outline below. a. First Paragraph: Explain the problem that exists in our nation, state, town, or school. Give details about what has caused this problem and who is affected by it. b. Second Paragraph: Explain your proposal for a new law or rule. Explain how this law or rule would help to solve the problem. Include information about how your law or rule would be enforced. c. Third Paragraph: Explain some concerns that opponents might have about your rule and explain why they are wrong.

Grading Rubric Outstanding! (100) Initiative includes an original idea for a law or rule. First paragraph explains the problem clearly and with detail. Second paragraph explains the law or rule clearly and with detail. Third paragraph addresses concerns with the new law or rule. Above Average (85) Initiative includes an original idea for a law or rule. First paragraph explains the problem with some detail. Second paragraph explains the law or rule with some detail. Third paragraph somewhat identifies concerns with the new law or rule. Average (70) Initiative reflects a law or rule that already exists. Some or all of the paragraphs lack detail. Unacceptable/Incomplete Assignment was incomplete.

Name: ___________________ American History 8 HW Alternative #4: Debate the Voting Age

Date: _____________ Mrs. DeVito/Mrs. Bevan

Background: When the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1790, only white males over the age of 21 were allowed to vote. As a result of the Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth Amendments, the right to vote was extended to African Americans, women, and eighteen year olds respectively. In most countries around the world, the minimum age to vote ranges from 16 to 25. We’d like to hear your opinions about whether or not the U.S. voting age should be lowered to 14. Directions 1. On a separate piece of paper make a Pro/Con chart, filling in at least THREE arguments for each side. 2. Write one paragraph in which you explain your opinion on this issue.

Grading Rubric Outstanding! (100) Lists at least THREE pros and THREE cons. Pro/Cons demonstrate logical thought about this issue. Paragraph includes an opinion and at least THREE pieces of evidence to back up that opinion. Above Average (85) Lists less than THREE pros and/or THREE cons. Pro/Cons demonstrate some thought about this issue. Paragraph includes an opinion and but does not provide at least THREE pieces of evidence to back up that opinion. Average (70) Lists less than THREE pros and/or THREE cons. Pro/Cons demonstrate little thought about this issue. Paragraph does not include an opinion or does not sufficiently back it up. Unacceptable/Incomplete Assignment was incomplete.