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SUMMARY OF GEOMETRIC 2D OBJECTS

Shape

Illustration

Circumference/Perimeter

Area

Square

= 4

= 2

Rectangle

= 2 + 2

Parallelogram

= 2 + 2

Rhombus

= 4

Equilateral
Triangle

= + +

=
=

=
=

= =

1
2

(1 2 ) = 2

1
2

Three equal sides


Three equal angles

Isosceles
Triangle

= + +

Two equal sides


Two equal angles

1
2

Shape

Illustration

Circumference/Perimeter

Area

= + +

Right Triangle

= 2 + 2

= ( )( )( )
Scalene
Triangle

= + +

++

No equal sides
No equal angles

Regular
Polygon

=
=

1
2

=
=

= 2 + 2

Kite

= =

, =

1
2

(1 2 )

1 , 2 =

Trapezoid

= 1 + 2 + +

Or

= 1 + 2 + (

1 , 2 =
, =

Circle

1
sin

, =

1
sin

= ( 1 + 2 )
2

1 , 2 =
=

= 2 =

= 2

=
=

Shape

Illustration

Circumference/Perimeter

Area
=

= 2 +
Circle Sector

360

=
=

=
=

= + 2 sin ( )
2

Circle
Segment

=> =

180

sin )

=
=

= 4 ( )
=
Ellipse

2 ( ) =
0

1 22
1 2

(
= 1 )

= (0 )2 + (1 )2 2 (0 ) (1 ) cos(1 0 )
= (

Elliptical
Arch

=+

(0)

, ) (

= 1 ( )

() = ( ) cos ,

(1)

, )

0
2 2

1
(, ) = 0

12

= (1 ) (0 )

, ( ) =

() 2 = (

[ 1 (

22

2 ( )2+ 2( )2

() 2

++ ( ) 2

)]

, 1 1
01
2

sin (1 0 )

Shape

Illustration

Circumference/Perimeter

Area
= (

Elliptical
Sector

= + 0 + 1

(0)

, ) (

= 1 ( )

() = ( ) cos ,

(1)

, )

0
2 2

1
(, ) = 0

12

, 1 1

= (1 ) (0 )

Parabolic
Arch

1
2

2
8

ln (

4 +

, ( ) =

() 2 = (

[ 1 (

() 2

++ ( ) 2

22

2 ( )2+ 2 ( ) 2

)]

)+

2
3

= 2 + 162

= ( )( )( )( )
Cyclic
Quadrilateral

= 2 = + + +

+ ++
2

SUMMARY OF GEOMETRIC 3D OBJECTS


Shape

Illustration

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area

Volume

= 4 2

= 6 2

= 3

= 2 ( + + )

=
=
=

=
=
=

= + 2

=
= ( )
=

= ( )
=

Cube

Rectangular
Prism

= 2( + )

Right
Hexagonal
Prism

= + 2

Oblique
Hexagonal
Prism

Wedge

+
2

4 2 + 2 + 2 + ( )2

Lateral Surface Area in a solid is the sum of the surface areas of all its faces excluding the top and bottom bases of the solid

=
=
=

= +

(2 + )

Total Surface area is the sum of all the areas of all the shapes that cover the surface of the object

Shape

Regular
Tetrahedron

Illustration

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area

Volume

= 3

6 2

2
= =
3

= + 2
Square Prism
(Pyramid)

= 2 + 4 2

4 2 22

=
=

Truncated
Square Pyramid

Pyramidal
Frustum

Right Circular
Cone

= 2( + )(

= (

) + 2

+
)
2

= .

(1 + 2 )

= + +

1
2

1 =
2 =
=

= + 2
= = 2 + 2

(2 + + 2 )

( + + )

=
=

1
3

Shape

Illustration

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area

Circular
Truncated Cone
(Conical
Frustum)

Right Cylinder

Oblique Circular
Cylinder

Elliptical
Cylinder

Sphere

= + (1 + 2
= (1 + 2 ) (1 2

)2

= 2

= (1 + 2 )

2)

Volume

(1 2 + 1 2 + 2 2 )

1 =
2 =

1 =
2 =

= + 2 2

= 2

1 2 2
2

) )
= + ( + + (
2

1
= 2 ( 2 + 2 )
2

= + 2

= 42

1 + 2
)
= 2 (
2
1 =
2 =

4
3

Shape

Illustration

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area

Volume

= 2 = (2 + 2 )

Spherical Cap *
(Spherical
Segment with
one base)

(2 + 2 )

(32 + 2 )

(Spherical
Dome)

Or

3
3

(2 3 sin + (sin )3 )

= (2 + )

Spherical Sector* *
-

( = )

= + ( 2
= 2

(Partial
Hemisphere)

3
or

(Spherical Cone)

Spherical
Segment with
two base

2 2

2)

2 3

(1 cos )

(32 + 32 + 2 )

= 2 2 ,

Or

= (
2

2)

( = )

(Spherical
Frustum)

(3 2 2 )

Spherical Segment with two base


* A Spherical Cap is the region of a sphere which lies above (or below) a given plane. If the plane passes through the center of the sphere, the cap is a called a hemisphere, and if the cap is cut by a second plane, the spherical frustum is called a spherical segment. However, Harris and Stocker
(1998) use the term "spherical segment" as a synonym for what is here called a spherical cap and "zone" for spherical segment.
* * The surface of revolution obtained by cutting a conical "wedge" with vertex at the center of a sphere out of the sphere. It is therefore a cone plus a Spherical Cap, and is a degenerate case of a Spherical Sector.

Shape

Illustration

Spherical Wedge

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area

Volume

= + 2

4
3
3
)
=(
360

= (

4 2
360

)
=

= 22 (1 +

Prolate Spheroid

sin 1 )
=

(Prolate
Ellipsoid)

= 1

4
3

=<

= 2 (1 +

Oblate Spheroid
(Oblate
Ellipsoid)

1 2

tanh 1 )
=

=>

= 1

2
2

4
3

Shape

Illustration

Lateral Surface Area

Total Surface Area


= 2 ( 2 + (, ) +

= 1

Scalene Spheroid

2
2

(Scalene
Ellipsoid)
(Tri-axial
Ellipsoid)

2 (,)

Volume

2 2

1
(, ) = 0

12

, 1 1

=
-

(, ) = 0

4
3

(12 )(12 2 )

Or

Three unequal sides


1

= 4 (

Torus

+ +
3

Where p 1.6075

= (2) . (2 )

= (2 ). (2 )

Determine the value of r for given arc.

Using the Pythagoras theorem on right triangle,

= (

)2

+( )
2

2 = 2 2 + 2 +

2 =

42 +2
4

42 +2
8

2
4