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Well Productivity/Stimulation and Well Performance Enhancement Seminar

Jean ROCHON & Hughes POITRENAUD Laurent BRUNET & Vincent PEYRONY part 1 part 2

Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Well Productivity/Stimulation and Well Performance Enhancement Seminar _________ Productivity & Reservoir Part.1

Jean ROCHON & Hughes POITRENAUD

Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Productivity & Performance Part. 1-1

Jean ROCHON

- Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Content
Introduction Productivity Performance - Monitoring Productivity
Near Wellbore Model for HQ WP team Examples
Sensitivity to well completion Comparison vertical frac/horizontal in TGR

Performance
Integrated model Examples of integration

WTPL: a revolutionary tool for WP team

4 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Well Performance Management


TOTAL has developed a formal transverse process called WELL PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
Objective: deliver

maximum production at any time

All disciplines involved in the Production process must participate Well Performance Teams or Groups are in place in ALL affiliates Process enforced by a Company Rule (CR FPO 320) 16 KPIs defined

5 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Well Performance organisation

HQ

Geosciences Drilling & Wells

EXPLOITATION Training cursus of WPE Assignment co-ordination Focal point

Drilling Completion

Well Performance Group


WP Team leader Facilitator

Geosciences

Asset

Operations

Town
Planning

Well Performance Superintendant

Well works

Well & field Operations

Field

Well Performance Engineering and WP- R&D at HQ level is within D&W Division, with cross posted engineers from all involved disciplines
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Reservoir Engineering & Well Performance


Reservoir Engineering plays an active role in the Well Performance Group Advanced flow modeling near the well Definition of reservoir management requirements guiding the well exploitation strategy Evaluation of the properties of the formations near the well (saturations, permeability) and control of skin Definition, implementation and analysis of monitoring actions for evaluating the pressures and their evolutions in the formations near the well

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Part.1) Advanced Near Well Bore Flow Modeling: REVEAL


NUMERICAL SIMULATOR (Petroleum Experts) selected by TDO/FPL/EP to perform near well bore investigations or special well studies
4 PHASES (O,G,W, Steam/-emuls./foam/gel/polymer) Data importation from ECLIPSE or VIP (with STARS via PETREL) THERMAL & CHEMICAL EFFECTS ON MOBILITY Viscosity (non-newtonian fluids) Precipitation and adsorption Wettability and capillary desaturation & K reduction Wellbore heating Scaling risks, wax/asphalten deposits FRACTURING (Thermal/Hydraulic): finite-element fracture grid and stress calculation TRACERS and STREAMLINES for (G,W,O) Available links with GAP (or other softs) thru RESOLVE
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REVEAL: EXAMPLE_1 Water Chemistry


Sulfate concentration in water
(Congo field case)

945 days

2104 days

3405 days

- Formation water contains barium and lot of calcium - Sulfate from sea water will not reach oil producer before year 2014 - At that date, if no barium sulfate precipitation can be anticipated in bottom hole conditions (solubility constant), some calcium sulfate deposit could occur
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REVEAL : EXAMPLE_2 TIF - Kioubloka (cube-low K)


Xf: Frac half-length versus time
70

Oil saturation

Gas is dense
60 Kic=1 psi.ft2 Kic=10 psi.ft2 Kic=145 psi.ft2 50 F ra c tu re H a lf-le n g th (m )

40

30

Gas is cold

20

10

0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 Time (days) 5000 6000 7000 8000

Temperature (Russia field case)

Acid gas injection (66%H2S, 33%CO2)


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Qg= 2. 106 Sm3/d ; Tinj =40C; Pini=350 bara@3730 m ; Tres=100C

REVEAL : EXAMPLE_3 TIF Hydraulic fracturing with gel & breaker


Injection rate: 15bpm for 70 min Cumulative gel injection: 180 m3 35 lb X-link gel dx=dy= 1 m (well)
Even after 2 hours high polymer conc. in the frac and in the reservoir bad and low cleanup

Fracture width = 0.23


21 m

120 m

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(China field case)

Example 4 - Choice of completion type (1)

Layering REVEAL
Pe rme ability (mD), Porosity (%)

0.001 1690

0.01

0.1

10

100

1695

1700

Number of Cells (41 x 41 x 29) Cells size (x, y) Number of layering

: 48749 cells

1705

1710

: 50 m
Depth (MD)

1715

1720

: 29

1725

1730

PVT: Gas with few condensate Sandstone formation Press and Temp Initial 161 Bar and 63.2 C
(Argentina field case)
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1735

1740

1745

1750

1755

1760

1765 Phi Core Kh Core Phi Reveal Kh Reveal

Choice of completion type (2)


8 classes have been tested
AP 01 (5 subcases) Slanted type ( 86) Without frac With 2 or 3 fracs in direction XZ and YZ Perforation length : 1000 m
AP - 01
Example of subcases

AP 01 F2 orth

AP 01 F2 paralel

AP 01 F3 paralel

AP - 02 Slanted type ( 82) Without frac Perforation length : 506 m


AP - 02

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Choice of completion type (3)


AP 03 (3 subcases) Vertical With (2 and 3) fracs and Without fract Perforation length 70 m AP - 03 AP 06 Perforation length 2470 m

AP-06 3D view

AP 04 Perforation length 1280 m AP - 04

AP-06 side view

AP-06 top view AP 05 Perforation length 1310 m AP - 05

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Choice of completion type (4)


AP 07 Two fracs Perforation length 1230 m
AP-07 AP-08 side View

AP 08 Perforation length 3710 m


AP-08 3D view

AP-08 top view

15 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Choice of completion type (5)


AP-08 3D view AP-07 AP - 03 AP 01 F2 orth AP - 04

Cummulative Gas Production Prediction Sensitivity 1 - kv/10 qnd kh/10 1200


01 01 01 02 03 03 03 04 05 06 07 08 01 01 02 03 03 04 05 06 07 08 F2orth F3orth

Cumulative Produced Gp (Msm3) Gas (MSm3)

1000

F2 F3

800

600

400

200

Sens F3orth Sens Sens Sens F3 Sens Sens Sens Sens Sens Sens

0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000


Days Production time (days)

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Example 5 - Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (1)


Gas Reservoir set-up
Considered Area : 2 x 2 km2 ; T =115C; Pres= 195 bar 3 sublayers Low permeability: total k*h geometric = 21 md*m Porosity: #3%

(Algeria field case)


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Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (2) : Well Type


Vertical & 3 Fracs
800 1600
700

Vertical & 3 Fracs & Dev80


1200

700

Vertical_base case Vertical & 3 Frac-rect Vertical & 3Frac-ellipse

1400
600
Vertical_base case Dev80_Drain=103 + 625 + 1186 m THP = 80 bar

1000

600 G a s Pro d u c tio n R a te (1 0 0 0 Sm 3 /D )

1200 C u m u la tiv e G a s Pro d u c tio n (M Sm 3 )


G a s Pro d u c tio n R a te (1 0 0 0 Sm 3 /D ) 500

Vertical & 3Frac-ellipse

800

500

1000

400 600 300

400

800

300

600

400 200

200

400

100

200

100

200

0 11/1/05

11/1/07

11/1/09

11/1/11

11/1/13

11/1/15 Date

11/1/17

11/1/19

11/1/21

11/1/23

0 11/1/25

0 11/1/05

11/1/07

11/1/09

11/1/11

11/1/13

11/1/15 Date

11/1/17

11/1/19

11/1/21

11/1/23

0 11/1/25

Vertical

Deviated 80 Lp # 1900 m

3 Rectangular fractures xf = 150 m 3 Elliptical fractures xf = 150 m


wf= 5 mm = 0.2

Lower production with a long near horizontal well without frac

18 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

C u m u la tiv e G a s Pro d u c tio n (M Sm 3 )

Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (3):


Vertical fractured - Sensitivity to frac geometry
Frac Length impact
700 1200

Fracture Length Impact

Aperture Impact FracFrac width impact

800

1400

600

700

wf = 5 mm wf = 2 mm wf = 10 mm

800

500 800

400 600

400 600

300

300 400

400

200

200

200 100

100

200

0 11/1/05

11/1/07

11/1/09

11/1/11

11/1/13

11/1/15 Date

11/1/17

11/1/19

11/1/21

11/1/23

0 11/1/25

0 11/1/05 11/1/07 11/1/09 11/1/11 11/1/13

0 11/1/15 11/1/17 11/1/19 11/1/21 11/1/23 11/1/25 Date

wf = 5 mm
19 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

xf = 100 m

C u m u la t iv e G a s P ro d u c t io n ( M S m 3 )

G a s P ro d u c t io n R a t e ( 1 0 0 0 S m 3 /D )

500 G a s P r o d u c ti o n r a te (1 0 0 0 S m 3 / D )

100 m 50 m 150 m

1000

1200

600 1000
C u m u l a ti v e G a s P r o d u c ti o n (M S m 3 )

Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (4): Vertical fractured - Sensitivity to proppant & frac damage
Frac Permeability Impact Pack permeability Beta Factorfactor Impact

Fracture Skin Impactskin Frac


1200

900

1400

700

400 beta-factor = 1.5 e-3

1200

800

Kf = 5 D Kf = 10 D Kf = 20 D

Beta-factor = 0 bar.s2/g
1200
600

350
1000

skin Frac = 0 Skin Frac = 2 Skin Frac = 10

Beta-factor = 1.5 e-3 bar.s2/g Beta-factor = 4e-3 bar.s2/g

1000

700 G a s P ro d u c tio n R a te (1 0 0 0 S m 3 /D )

300

C u m u la t iv e G a s P ro d u c t io n ( M S m 3 )

C u m u la tiv e G a s P r o d u c tio n (M S m 3 )

600 800

800

800

250

500

400 600

200

600

400

600

300

150 400

300 400

400

200

200 200 100

100 200 50

100

200

0 0 11/01/05 11/01/07 11/01/09 11/01/11 11/01/13 11/01/15 11/01/17 11/01/19 11/01/21 11/01/23 11/01/25 Date

0 0 11/1/05 11/1/07 11/1/09 11/1/11 11/1/13 11/1/15 11/1/17 11/1/19 11/1/21 11/1/23 11/1/25 Date

0 0 11/01/05 11/01/07 11/01/09 11/01/11 11/01/13 11/01/15 11/01/17 11/01/19 11/01/21 11/01/23 11/01/25 Date

xf = 100 m, wf= 5 mm, Kf = 5 D, = 1.5 e-3 bar.s2/g, fracskin = 2 Gp # 1 BSm3


20 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

C u m u la tiv e G a s P r o d u c tio n (M S m 3 )

1000

500 G a s P r o d u c tio n R a te (1 0 0 0 S m 3 /D )

G a s P r o d u c tio n R a te (1 0 0 0 S m 3 /D )

Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (5): Highly deviated well without frac


Skin impact on we ll De v 80
350 900

800 300 De v80_skin0 De v80_skin2 De v80)_skin5 600 C umulative G as Production (M Sm3) 250 G as Production R ate (1000 Sm3/D ) THP = 80 ba r

Gp # 0.75 BSm3
700

200

500

150

400

300 100 200 50 100

0 11/1/05

11/1/07

11/1/09

11/1/11

11/1/13

11/1/15 Da te

11/1/17

11/1/19

11/1/21

11/1/23

0 11/1/25

Impact of well damage skin Almost no impact of kv/kh But


21 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (6): Highly deviated - Transverse Natural Fractures


Fissures Aperture
1600 1m u 1400 10 mu 100 mu 1 mm 1200 Gas Production Rate (1000 Sm3/D) Dra ina ge Are a 4 km2 THP=80 ba r 1200 Cumulative Gas Production (MSm3) 1400 1600

1000

1000

800

800

600

600

400

400

200

200

0 11/1/05

11/1/07

11/1/09

11/1/11

11/1/13

11/1/15 Da te

11/1/17

11/1/19

11/1/21

11/1/23

0 11/1/25

Damaged horizontal well skin = 2 Frac-Fissure Aperture sensitivity (from 1 m to 1 mm)


22 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

To be compared with Gp #1 GSm3 For Vertical 3 fracs

Vertical frac/horizontal in TGR (7): Conclusions


For the same production conditions (drainage area, THP) Optimum values for the fracs xf # 100 m (300ft) wf # 5 mm (0.2) Low impact of Kf Impacts of , frac_skin (cake, embedment, crushing)

Horizontal well is interesting if natural fracs are intercepted or if it is multifractured (not presented here)

Moreover . a lot of parameters can have a major impact on the productivity after fracturing process
23 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Part.2) Performance Integration (1): by using IPM suite


ECL is the TOTAL reference software for reservoir engineering IPM package (Petroleum Experts) is a suite of software used by WP engineering Reveal (reservoir) Prosper (well) Gap (lines network) Resolve (link between all kinds of software) Go & Back between Eclipse and RevealProsper for representing a complex well in a reservoir Importation of ECL model into Reveal After well design, exportation to ECL model of the inflow connection factors (Reveal) and of the outflow VFP (Prosper)
24 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Performance Integration (2): Resolve software for coupling


RESOLVE allows arbitrary software tools to be connected together Can build a single system from a set of pre-modelled components Possible components: Reservoir simulators (REVEAL, VIP, ECL?,...) Material balance calculators (MBAL) Nodal analysis solvers/optimisers (GAP) Process simulators (HYSYS,) Financial packages/spreadsheets (?) Anything at all Word documents, reporters, etc
25 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Performance Integration (3): RESOLVE architecture


REVEAL - Interface - Data Transfer ECL - Data Validation

RESOLVE

- Results collection and display - File handling

REVEAL

- Timestep synchronisation - Advanced- scheduling by flexible script GAP

26 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Performance Integration (4): Example 1


(Angola field cases) 3 FFMs (#150,000 cells)==> 3 PC processors have been used for coupling
(RESOLVE, GAP and the smallest REVEAL model have been run on the same PC-processor )

Field 1
27 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Field 2

Field 3

Performance Integration (5): Coupling 3 FFMs with 1 GAP model (Example1)


Reservoir 2

Gas-Injection

Production network
FPSO

Other FFMs not yet ready Reservoir 3

Water-Injection

Reservoir1

28 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

One week-end for 20 years forecast

Performance Integration (6): Example 2a


(Nigeria field case) 36 km FPSO Field 2 Field 3 18 km

Field 1 Mud line separation & boosting to the riser


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Performance Integration (7): Example 2b


TLP

Gas lift at bottom riser pipes


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Performance Integration (8): Example 2 comparison

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32 20 1/ /1 27 31 20 1/ /1 28 30 20 1/ /1 28 29 20 1/ /1 28 28 20 1/ /1 28 27 20 1/ /1 29 26 20 1/ /1 29 25 20 1/ /1 29 24 20 1/ /1 29 23 20 1/ /1 30 22 20 1/ /1 30 21 20 1/ /1 30 20 20 1/ /1 30 19 20 2/ /1 01 18 20 2/ /1 01 17 20 2/ /1 01 16 20 2/ /1 01 15 20 2/ /1 02 14 20 2/ /1 02 13 20 2/ /1 02 12 20 2/ /1 02 11 20 2/ /1 03 10 20 2/ /1 03 09 20 2/ /1 03

Mudline separation

Gas lift at bottom legs

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

SEP FOND

GL Pied de Riser

PerformanceIntegration (9): Integrated Models Benefits


To manage globally produced gas with respect to gas export constraints, gas injection constraints (Pfrac), etc especially on multi-fields systems Critical issue as it can impact oil production (No Flaring policy) To deal globally with water injection while meeting local voidage replacement strategy To manage different reservoir fluids PVT mixing To promote inter-disciplines team work and lead to new ideas To ensure consistency between each part of the system over time implicit data cross-checking Finally, production and injection systems are optimized at each time step with consistent reservoir data
32 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Performance Integration (10): centric process


New methodology: centric process

New working flow


Reservoir input Network input

More interaction between people needed at start-up One set of hypothesis One single model (simple or complex) One single profile for all users No iteration required A change in one component >>> no impact on the other parts >>> re run the integrated model >>> new profile for all users Less time consuming

Integrated model
Economic input Process input

Easier and faster approach for new projects Easier re-engineering of mature fields
33 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Performance Integration (11): Use of coupled


models : strong expansion within TOTAL
10 Usan Yukal Placer Bloc 17 Lussagnet Meillon Bloc 32 Moho-Bilondo Akpo ... 9

Dunbar Lacq Bloc32 Akpo

2 1

1 0 0 2003

Moho-Bilondo

2004

2005

2006

34 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Part.3) WTPL: Principles of a new well test

PLT coupled with a servo-controlled modulator for generating periodic signal

Q P
Time (s)

Periodic rate

Periodic pressure

2 Flow rate Pressure's variation

0 -2

BH Measurements of P/Q and phase shift Estimation of K&S

-4 -6
35 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

WTPL Investigation radius < 50 m


45 40

1000m D

Investigation radius (m)

35

500m D
30 25 20

100m D
15

50m D
10 5 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26

10m D 5m D 1m D

Period (min)

Investigation is a function of variations period & reservoir diffusivity WTPL is a near wellbore tool to monitor and analyze well productivity
36 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

WTPL: Data processing


Global recorded bottom-hole signals
PLT measurements @ station 17800 ft/RT
26 -5610 -5620 25 -5630 25 -5640 -5650 -5660 24 -5670 -5680 -5690 23 -5700 22 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 -5710 4000

Spinner measurements Pressure measurements p s i

24

rp s
23

Time (s)

Production carrying signals


Production signal @ 17800 ft/RT
7150 7100 7050 5670 7000 5680

Periodic signals to be interpreted


Periodic variations @ 17800 ft/RT
400 300
5675

40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 2000

200 100

stbd

stbd

6900 6850

Flow rate BHP

5660

psi

0 -100 -200 -300 -400 0 500 1000 1500

5655 6800 6750 6700 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 5650

5645 2000

Time (s)

Tim e (s)

37 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

psi

6950

5665

Flow rate BHP

Application to multilayer reservoir


PLT station 1 PLT station 2

Player1 Qlayer1

P@ PLTstation1 Q@ PLTstation1

Formation section influence

Rate Conservation:
Player 2 Q layer 2 + P@ PLT station 1 Q @ PLT station 1 =

Q1 + Q2 = Qtot
P@ PLT station 2 Q @ PLT station 2

Layer 2

Layer 1

K&S

Layer 1 Layer 2

38 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

WTPL on J-481: Reservoir scheme, PLT stations & Results


PLT Stations
Investigation radius ~ 10m

17841 ft/wl

Layer A1
17901 ft/wl

kh = 713 mdft / k = 17.8md S = -1.8

Layer A2
18014 ft

Layer B
18261 ft/wl

kh = 877 mdft / k = 43.8 md S = -1.7

Layer C

kh = 450 mdft / k = 15.0 md S = -2.5

Well deviation # 20

(Argentina oil producer)


39 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Validation using PIE multilayer model


2004/11/03-1229 : OIL

p r e s s u r eP S I

1 0 . 0.

1 0 .

3 0 .

5 0 .

.10

.20

.3 0

.40

r a te sS T B /D

4 0 0 . 0.

0 .

2 0 0 .

.10

.20

.3 0

.40

T i m e (h o u rs)

Jusepine J481 W TP L
Three -Layer Re servoir w ith ** Si mulation Data ** well . storage = 0.000 648 Skin (1) = -1 .80 Skin (2) = -1 .80 Skin (3) = -2 .59 perm eability- 1 = 1 7.8 perm eability- 2 = 4 3.8 perm eability- 3 = 1 5.0 Omeg a(1) = 0. 327 Omeg a(2) = 0. 268 Lamb da(1) = 0. Lamb da(2) = 0. Perm -Thicknes s = 20 10. Init ial Press . = 28.6 700 Cross -Flow BBLS/ PSI Type- Curve Mod el Layer -1 Thick. = Layer -2 Thick. = Layer -3 Thick. = Static -Data 30.0 F EET 20.0 F EET 40.0 F EET

MD MD MD

MD-FE ET PSI

Stati c-Data an d Constan ts Volum e-Factor = 2.409 vol/vol Thick ness = 90.00 FEET Visco sity = 0.1700 CP Total Compress = .1368E -04 1/PSI Stori vity = 0.0001 081 FEET/ PSI Diffu sivity = 28860. FEET^2/H R Gauge Depth = N/A FE ET Perf. Depth = N/A FE ET Datum Depth = N/A FE ET Analy sis-Data ID: DATA Based on Gauge ID:

40 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

WTPL: Well Testing Production Logging


REVOLUTIONARY tool for reservoir and production engineers From short test, Estimate permeability and skin in the near wellbore area Along the well without packer (multilayered reservoir) For all kind of completed wells (O/G producers, W/G injectors), everywhere where a PLT is representative Without stopping the production No need of rate history Low influence of measurement errors Small rate variations avoiding fluid redistribution and cross-flow impairment when shutting-in DEVELOPMENT BY TOTAL WITH SONDEX and HALLIBURTON Commercialization mid 2008
41 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

END of Part 1-1

Thank you for your attention

42 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

43 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

BackUp WTPL
BACK UP

44 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Long horizontal drain: Well capacity


Big volume of fluid between producing intervals
R1 et R2

Layer 1

Layer 2

R2

Measurement

Volume of fluid c,V

1 R tot
R

1 R1

1 = c0Vi Z0

1 R2
1

tot

1 1 = + c 0 Vi R2 R1

45 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Well Aspect: Horizontal Well application


For an horizontal well in an anisotropic reservoir (kh known): skin and kv/kh estimation
Real and estimated anisotropy ratio
0.5 0.45 0.4 0.35 0.3 kv/kh 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 1 2 3 Case 4 5 Real kv/kh kv/kh from T0 Average kv/kh

Real and estimated skins


20 15 10 Skin 5 0 -5 1 2 3 Case 4 5 Real Skin S from T0 Average S

46 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Well Aspect: Hydraulic Fractured Well application


Formation Permeability supposed known : Frac conductivity estimation
Real and Estimatred Fracture Conductivity
1600 1400 1200 1000 m .m d 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 Fracture 3 4 Real Conductivity Estimated Conductivity

Fracture 1 FCD Formation permeability Half Length Conductivity


47 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007

Fracture 2 1 1 150 150

Fracture 3 1 10 50 500

10 1 150 1500

Fracture 4 0.1 1 150 15

Average Pressure Estimation

If well drainage area is known, Production Index (PI) could then be derived from K and skin Average Flowing Pressure (PF) and Average bottom hole Flow Rate (Q) could be estimated Finally Reservoir Pressure (PR) could be simply computed as : PR = PF + Q / PI

48 - Jean ROCHON Meridien Hotel - ABU DHABI - October 28th, 2007