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# Procedure

1. Three metal samples are placed into a beaker of water and it is heated to at least 70 (oC) .Little water is used and it is made sure that it did not completely cover the three samples.

2. Mass of cold tap water is measured and poured into each of the Styrofoam cups. Initial temperature of water is measured.

3. The metal samples from the hot water is removed and placed in a separate Styrofoam cups of water. (the initial temperature of the metal is measured by measuring the temperature of water).The metal is entirely immersed .A lid is placed on the top of the cup and wait few minute for the water and metal to achieve thermal equilibrium .The final temperature is measured.

4. Heat gained by the water is determined which is equal to heat lost by the metal.

5. The specific heat of metal is calculated by knowing the heat loss by the metal ,its mass and change in temperature.

6. Compare the accepted value of the specific heat to calculate the percent error.

This experiment is to review the physical concepts and relationships associated with the flow of heat in and out of materials, and to understand the principle of conservation of energy as it applies to thermal energy. This experiment

As a result the thermal energy of the hotter object will decrease and that of the cooler object will increase. though small variation of the specific heat occurs due to variation in pressure or volume. Heat will continue to slow until the temperature of both objects is the same. In general. or specific heat. The specific heat of material can be found using a known quantity of water and a calorimeter. As a result its temperature will remain unchanged. Heat is the energy associated with the thermally excited motion of atoms. and also the temperature of the environment. Assume that thermal . At this instant they are said to be in thermal equilibrium. If an object is isolated from the rest of the universe no heat can flow into or leave that object.also to determine the specific heat of metal in the temperature ranges between boiling water and room temperature. the value of the specific heat of a substance is predominantly a function of temperature. its temperature usually rises. When heat energy is added to a substance at constant pressure. The amounts of change depend on the mass of the object. The exception to this rule occurs when there is a change of phase. It is an important measurement for engineers and physicists who work with any material that changes its temperature or is designed to retain thermal energy. A phase change occurs without increases or decrease in the substance’s temperature. The amount of thermal energy that a single gram of a specific material must absorb in order to change its temperature by one degree is the material’s specific heat capacity. During this interaction heat is lost by the warmer substance and gained by the cooler substance. The amount of thermal energy that an object must absorb to change its temperature by one degree is called its heat capacity. If the object brought into thermal contact with another object that is at a difference temperature heat will flow out of the object that is hotter and into that which is cooler. The calorimeter is relatively well insulated so very little thermal energy will come from or go into the surrounding air. In the experiment when thermal energy flows into or out of an object its temperature changes. the material from which the object is made. The specific heat of water is a standard to which specific heats of other substances are compared.

∆Q (in cal. then Q is negative. ∆Q=mc∆T When an unknown metal object is put into water in a calorimeter. and the change in temperature. the change in thermal energy of the object equals the change of thermal energy of water. mobjectcobject∆Tobject = mwatercwater∆Twater The initial temperature of the object and water will be different.energy is conserved inside the calorimeter. ∆T(°C).). If an object absorbs heat./g°C). The equation describes that the change in thermal energy. If an object release heat. but the final temperature which is equilibrium temperature will be the same. m(in g). c(cal. depends on the mass. the specific heat. . then Q is positive. This means that whatever thermal energy is gained or lost by an object (and there is no phase change of the object) put into the calorimeter is equal to the thermal energy gained or lost by water in the calorimeter.