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Humanities

Gallipoli History Essay.

… it is a legend not of sweeping military victories so much as triumphs against odds, of courage and ingenuity in adversity. It is a legend of free and independent spirits whose discipline derived less from military formalities and customs than from the bonds of mateship and the demands of necessity. Paul Keating at the entombment of the Unknown Soldier on the 11th November, 1993. Is this statement a true reflection of the soldiers’ experiences at Gallipoli?
On the 25th of April 1915 the first Australian Troops landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula. ANZAC day is a day of reflection and respect for all the men that fought in the First World War. Even though Gallipoli might have not been the most successful war Australia has been involved in but it is the one which symbolises Australia’s war experiences. The people of Australia were proud at the soldier’s triumphs and successes which created the help ANZAC Spirit. Paul Keating’s true statement expresses that it is not the military formalities that helped them with their success but courage and friendship and also smart tactics that pushed them through. This quote indicates that the ANZAC soldiers were strong and victorious because of their strong bonds of mateship and not necessarily the military training. The ANZAC troops survived and kept fighting this was because of the brave soldiers that were involved in the war like, Albert Jacka and Simpson and his donkey. Also like it says in the quote it is not all about gaining military power because their landing on the Gallipoli Peninsula didn’t quite go to plan. The true hard workers and legends are what the ANZAC’s are about and Albert Jacka is a fine representation of a great soldier, he was described as the ‘Australia’s greatest front liner’ (Troppertours, January 3rd 2012). He fought at the Gallipoli Peninsula and was the first ever person to be awarded a Victorian cross which is the highest form of an award for a British or Commonwealth fighter they can achieve. He was awarded this by King George V which would have been a great honour. He was among the two thousand other officers and men that went to Egypt for army and battle training. This shows how much of a good solider he was and the impact and influence he had on the other Australian troops on the front line to fight for their county with nobleness and dignity. On Monday the 20th of May 1915 he wrote this in his diary; ‘Great battle at 3a.m. Turks captured large portion of our trench. D. Coy called into the front line. Lieut. Hamilton shot dead. I led a section of men and recaptured the trench. I bayoneted two Turks, shot five, took three prisoners and cleared the whole trench. I held the trench alone for 15 minutes against heavy 1 Lucas Vella, 9 Yellow 30/07/2013

Humanities

Gallipoli History Essay.

attack. Lieut. Crabbe informed me that I would be recommended.’ [Troopertours, January 3rd 2012]. After this very courageous thing from Albert Jacka that is when he was awarded his Victorian Cross. That reference from his diary shows how committed he was to gain that trench which the ANZAC’s desperately needed. He was willing to risk his own life for his friends and other soldiers. This shows that smart tactic’s and friendship made him push through and achieve a very hard thing that he wouldn’t of if it wasn’t for that and his pride for his country.

The war at Gallipoli was definitely not all about the military accomplishment because the landing at Gallipoli showed that the ANZAC’s weren’t at all prepared because the landing was an absolute disaster. This happened on the 25th of April, 1915, it was all chaos when the Australian troops stumbled out of the boats onto the shore at the wrong beach which is now called ANZAC Cove. They had to face very steep cliffs and small mountains instead of flat land. It was around 4:30am and the Turks could see them so they opened fire, but the ANZAC’s couldn’t see a thing and were shot out without any warning. Even though they had a well set out plan and trained heaps for the landing it ended up a mess. This proves that the troops weren’t all about sweeping military victories but more about trying and get everyone safe and unharmed. ‘Private Surgenor was hit in the head somewhere, but kept on firing with his face streaming with blood, until he got another hit in the head, which dazed him for a while, and knocked him back in the trench. This time I thought he was killed, but he partly came to after, and loaded rifles for me to fire. At that time I was using three rifles and each was burning hot … On the right of my position I was able to see about thirty yards [30 metres] of trench in which all our men were wounded or dead.’ [Davis, quoted in C Pugsley, Gallipoli – The New Zealand Story, London, 1984, p.297]. This extremely good example proves how brave and committed the troops were to succeed in gaining power while also helping others out with small gestures which make a big difference. To achieve power the soldiers weren’t always going to succeed in a battle because you have to learn from your mistakes to create victory, and this is why friendship and hard work is what brought them together. Simpson and his donkey are well known legends of Gallipoli. Simpson was known as a cheerful person who had a special bond and friendship with a donkey. His job at Gallipoli was to go out through sniper fire and collect the injured soldiers while he made sure his donkey was undercover, there were on average 15 trips a day. Colonel John Monash said of him, ‘Private Simpson and his little beast earned the admiration of everyone at the upper end of the valley … he frequently earned the applause of the personnel for his many fearless rescues of wounded men from areas subject to rifle and shrapnel fire.’ [Hero’s and the ANZAC legend power point, slide. 5]. This is a clear indication that he was all about helping his friends in battle and that it is not the big successes that are always 2 Lucas Vella, 9 Yellow 30/07/2013

Humanities

Gallipoli History Essay.

the most important. Simpson and his donkey are a unique team that helped save lives of injured troops and brought them to safety together and they never did it without the help of one another, and that is true friendship. The mate ship and small triumphs at Gallipoli are the ones that are their biggest successes. It was not the military achievements that symbolized the ANZAC’s at Gallipoli but the hero’s and soldiers instead. One of the great legends is Albert Jacka who was one of the bravest troops. He was the first ever to win a Victorian Cross. Also the landing at Gallipoli is a fine example to show that the ANZAC’s weren’t always prepared with battling but pushed their way through. A true friendship is one the of Simpson and his donkey. They obviously had a special bond which helped them work together very well to help capture injured troops and take them to safety. ‘No such body of free men has given so heroically since our history began’ [The ANZAC Quotes, English poet John Masefield, 2002].

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Humanities

Gallipoli History Essay.

Bibliography:
Websites: Author: Military Quotes. Year: 2002 Title: International Military Forums. URL: http://www.military-quotes.com/forum/anzac-quote-t19378.html Author: Tristan Ewins Year: 2010 Title: The Meaning of ANZAC day. URL: http://leftfocus.blogspot.com.au/2010/04/meaning-of-anzac-day.html Author: A company that do Gallipoli Tours. Year: 2012 Title: Albert Jacka URL: http://www.troopertours.com/Jacka.asp

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