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A concave mirror & a convex lens are held in water. What change, if an , do o! ex"ect to find in the focal length of either# $. A man holding a lighted candle in front of a thic% glass mirror& viewing it o&li'!el sees a no. of images of the candle. Wh # (. )ne half of convex lens is covered with a &lac% "a"er. Will this lens "rod!ce a com"lete image of the o&*ect# +. What ha""ens to the image distance in the e e when we increase the distance of the o&*ect from the e e# ,. -oes a &eam of white light give a s"ectr!m on "assing thro!gh a hollow "rism# .. A "erson is a&le to see o&*ects clearl onl when these are l ing at distances &etween ,/cm & (//cm from his e e. 0a1 What %ind of defects of vision he is s!ffering from# 0&1 What %ind of lenses will &e re'!ired to increase his range of vision from $,cm to infinit # 2x"lain. 3. Wh an incident ra on a concave mirror thro!gh the centre of c!rvat!re, retraces its "ath after reflection from the mirror# 4. Wh does a &eam of white light , after "assing thro!gh a glass "rism shows dis"ersion while it does not show an dis"ersion after "assing thro!gh a glass sla&# 5. In a "rism with e'!ilateral triangle as its &ase , which o!t of the three e'!al angles , is called the angle of "rism# 1/. 6wo mirrors of different focal lengths give images of same si7e when the same o&*ect is "laced at e'!al distance from the mirror. How will o! identif which is concave & which is convex# 11. A ra of light is incident at .// on the &o!ndar of two trans"arent media & gets refracted at +, /. 6he emergent ra travels along the second &o!ndar "arallel to the first one of the two media. 8ind the angle of emergence. 1$. Is it "ossi&le for a lens to act as a convergent lens in one medi!m & a divergent lens in another# 1(. How will the s"eed of light & fre'!enc change when it "asses from a rarer to a denser medi!m# 1+What sho!ld &e the "osition of an o&*ect relative to convex lens so that this lens &ehaves li%e a magnif ing glass# 1,. Cilliar m!scles of a normal e e are in their 0i1 most relaxed 0ii1 most contracted state. In which of the two cases is the focal length more# 1. 9efractive index of media A,:,C & - are 1.((, 1.,$, 1.++ & 1.., res". In which of the fo!r media is the s"eed of light 0i1 maxim!m 0ii1 minim!m#

. 1$./ W 6. ( )hm & . finds his image having a ver small head. Com"are the "ower !sed in the $ )hm resistor in each of the following circ!its. A small electric lam" is "laced at the foc!s of a convex lens. does the man loo% taller or shorter than what he act!all is# $1. :1 + > &atter in series with a 1$ )hm and $ )hm resistor. $$. Bive reason# 1+. of electrons constit!ting 1C of charge. which one is thic%er# 5. or 1$// W toaster in 1/ min!tes. x 1/4 m=s & 1. Which of the media has got the highest o"tical densit # 15 A man standing in front of a s"herical mirror. -ifferentiate &etween virt!al image of a concave mirror & of a convex mirror. will some c!rrent &e ind!ced in coil :. 8ind the direction of magnetic field# 11. 6o a fish !nder water viewing a fisherman standing on the &an% of a la%e. $.$ x 1/4m=s. 6wo Circ!lar coils A and : are "laced close to each other.C if itCs direction changes after ever /. )hm &e connected to give a total resistance of a1 + )hm. How m!ch energ is given to each co!lom& of charge "assing thro!gh a . 1// ? of heat are "rod!ced in each second in a + )hm resistance. 6wo wires A and : have e'!al length and e'!al resistance. Wh is "hotos nthesis considered an endothermic reaction# Wh are "ac%ets of "otato chi"s fl!shed with nitrogen & the man!fact!rers# .> &atter # (. An electric oven of $ @ilowatt "ower rating is o"erated in a domestic electric circ!it 0 $$/> 1 that has a c!rrent rating of .13 What ha""ens to the ra of light as it "asses from one medi!m to another if &oth the media have e'!al 9efractive index# 14. 3. A1 . Which !ses more energ a $. Wh does a c!rrent carr ing solenoid coil when s!s"ended freel rests along north so!th direction# CHE#ISTR% CHAPTER: Chemi!a Rea!ti&n$ 1. What is the nat!re of the &eam of light "rod!ced & the lens# $(. 6wo cond!cting wires of the same material and of e'!al length and diameters are first connected in series and then "arallel in a circ!it across the same "otential difference. if the c!rrent in coil A is changed. How can three resistors of resistance $ )hm. What is the ratio of heat "rod!ced in series and "arallel# . a fat &od & legs of normal si7e. Will c!rrent flow more easil thro!gh a thic% wire or a thin wire of the same material when connected to the same so!rce# Wh # +.A<$ x 1/ 4 m=s. Calc!late the no. An al"ha "article "ro*ected towards west is deflected towards north & magnetic field./1 sec.. 8ind the "otential difference across the resistance# 1/. Wh does a light ra remains !ndeviated when it "asses thro!gh the o"tical centre of a lens# CHAPTER: E e!t"i!ity and #agneti$m 1. 4. &1 1 )hm . $. 1. > &atter in series with 1 )hm and $ )hm resistors. $. What t "e of mirrors are !sed in these three "arts# $/. What is the direction magnetic force on the electron# 1(. S"eed of light in three trans"arent media is as given..> set in one hr. What will &e the fre'!enc of an A.What res!lt do o! ex"ect # 2x"lain.. An electron is moving along A axis and magnetic field is along Y axis.A..

. +. Wh does a &ee sting ca!se "ain and irritation# How can it &e c!red# 11.. In the following reaction. Write an e'!ation for this reaction. 4. How can goldsmiths recover gold after cleaning old *eweller # CHAPTER: A!id$ 'a$e$ and Sa t$ 1. wh # Wh sho!ld h drogen ions &e alwa s written as H()E or as HE0a'1.. Are h drated salts li%e Fa$C)( . In the refining of silver. Wh is fermentation of gra"es a chemical reaction# -!ring electrol sis of water. +. (. 5. Wh does the "H of an acid increase when it is dil!ted# 1/.. DnCl$ E $ H$) E Cl$ Which s!&stance is oxidi7ed and which is red!ced# Wh # 1/.(. Wh # How does "hotol tic decom"osition of silver salts hel" in &lac% and white "hotogra"h # Are all do!&le dis"lacement reactions also "reci"itation reactions. Wh # . 3.. What is the real &leaching agent in &leaching "owder# Wh does &leaching "owder smell of chlorine# -o &asic sol!tions also have h drogen ions# If es. 5.. the vol!me of the gas collected at cathode is half the vol!me of gas collected at anode. Whitewashing of walls gives a white shin finishing to the walls. $. Can a dis"lacement reaction &e a redox reaction# 2x"lain with the hel" of exam"les. $. S!""ort o!r answer with exam"les. . 3. 2x"lain the reason with &alanced chemical e'!ation involved. Dn)$ E + HCl .. then wh are the &asic# Wh is ethanoic acid a wea% acid and h drochloric acid a strong acid# How is it "ossi&le to have half a molec!le of water attatched to CaS) + in Plaster of Paris# Wh does a stain of c!rr t!rn &rown when washed with soa"# Will a sol!tion of Fa)H also cond!ct electricit li%e a sol!tion of HCl# If es. Which melts at a higher tem"erat!re# Wh # Al!min!m is more reactive than iron.. the recover of silver from silver nitrate is done & adding co""er metal. Wh is corrosion of iron a serio!s "ro&lem# 11. et iron corrodes faster than al!mini!m .1/H$) wet# CHAPTER: #eta $ and N&n(#eta $ 1. Wh does a ca%e sometimes &ecome &itter on !sing &a%ing soda# How can this &e "revented# 1$... 1$. .. 4. .. ..

+. Detal D was di""ed in a sol!tion of lead acetate. Solid sodi!m chloride does not cond!ct electricit whereas molten sodi!m chloride does# Wh # 1$. Wh do covalent com"o!nds have low melting and &oiling "oints# Wh are covalent com"o!nds "oor cond!ctors of electricit # How are car&ox lic acids different from mineral acids from ioni7ation "oint of view# Wh is vegeta&le oil containing long !nsat!rated car&on chain considered healthier than animal fat which have sat!rated car&on chain# Wh is ethanoic acid called glacial acetic acid# What wo!ld &e o&served on adding a .. Can we ma%e electric wires !sing &ron7e# ?!stif 11. 5. . Wh does car&on form com"o!nds mainl & covalent &onding# $. Wh do the &ottoms of coo%ing vessels !sed at home get &lac%ened# 11. Wh are metals good cond!ctors of electricit # P!re gold is !nfit for ma%ing ornaments. Wh # CHAPTER: Ca")&n and it$ C&m*&und$ 1. . Which is more reactive and wh # Wh we cannot !se al!mini!m !tensils to store an al%ali# When calci!m metal is added to water the gas evolved does not catch fire &!t the same gas evolved on adding sodi!m metal to water catches fire# Wh # Wh is co""er !sed to ma%e hot water tan%s and not steel# A metal D does not corrode when left ex"osed to air. 1/. Wh # o!r answer. (.(. 5. 3. 3.. Inder what conditions an oxidation reaction &ecomes a com&!stion reaction 1$. . +. -escri&e how this metal is o&tained from its concentrated oxide. 1/... Gead was fo!nd to &e de"osited after sometime on metal D. Identif the metal. It occ!rs in nat!re in the form of its oxide and is !sed in thermit reaction. Write an e'!ation for the chemical reaction which shows the acidic nat!re of ethanol CHAPTER: Pe"i&di! C a$$i+i!ati&n .H sol!tion of al%aline "otassi!m "ermanganate sol!tion dro" & dro" to some warm ethanol ta%en in a test t!&e# What change in o&servation is made when "otassi!m "ermanganate is added in excess# Wh does com&!stion of eth ne in air "rod!ce a ellow flame# Which "ro"ert ethene# of concentrated s!l"h!ric acid is ill!strated when ethanol is converted into 4. Iron does not &!rn on heating &!t iron filings &!rn vigoro!sl when s"rin%led in the flame of the &!rner. 0i1 0ii1 4. .

.. If the are in the same "eriod . . which of them wo!ld have a smaller atomic radii # Wh are halogens good oxidi7ing agents# Wo!ld o! "lace the two isoto"es of car&on CJ1$ and CJ1+ in different slots &eca!se their atomic masses are different or in the same slot &eca!se their chemical "ro"erties are same# ?!stif the same Where do o! thin% h drogen sho!ld &e "laced in the modern "eriodic ta&le# ?!stif answer. . o!r 3. 0S)+1$J and 0P)+1(J radicals. 4. G"&u* Pe"i&d 1 $ ( + Ising the "art of the "eriodic ta&le given &elow answer the following '!estions I H Gi Fa @ :e Dg Ca : Al C Si F P ) S 8 Cl II III I. A metal D forms an oxide having the form!la D$)(. State the concl!sion drawn from this activit . 0a1 S!ggest the form!la for the followingL 0i1 0ii1 0iii1 0iv1 )xide of "hos"hor!s H dride of nitrogen H dride of car&on )xide of al!mini!m 0&1 In "eriod . Write the atomic no. (. +. . Sr and :a find the average atomic mass of Ca and :a and com"are it with the atomic mass of Sr. An element A 0$. It &elongs to the third "eriod in the Dodern Periodic 6a&le.1.5/ 0c1 Ising atomic masses of Ca. $1 com&ines se"aratel with F)(J. and valenc of this element What is the relationshi" &etween oxide ion and Feon atom# 6here is one electron in the valence shell of A and three electrons in the valence shell of Y.. 6o which gro!" of the "eriodic ta&le does the element A &elong# Will it form covalent or ionic &ond# Wh # 5. which one of these will &e more electronegative and wh # (iii) State a chemical "ro"ert similar to 8 and Cl# $.I . )n the &asis of DendeleevKs ta&le. of the "eriodic ta&le wh does 6eleni!m with atomic mass 1$3. Write the form!lae of the three com"o!nds so formed.. answer the '!estions that follow the ta&le.II He Fe Ar (i) @ has "h sical and chemical "ro"erties similar to which element and wh # (ii) Write electronic config!ration of F and P. ./ a""ear &efore Iodine with atomic mass 1$. 4. .

x lem .What co!ld &e the "ro&lem# . Com"are the f!nction of small and large intestines.. Wh sho!ld thin t!&ing &e !sed in the "rocess of dial sis# 1$. How arev the following designed to "erform their res"ective f!nctionsL Stigma. His &lood sam"le was tested. What is the location. Which n!trient=s are lac%ing in his diet# +. 3. 5.1/. A "erson is ver lethargic and gets tired easil . Ca$E. Al. What are the conditions necessar for a!totro"hic n!trition# What is the macron!trient categor to which the "re"ared food &elong to# In which form is it stored# $$. Com"are alveoli and ne"hron with res"ect to their f!nction and str!ct!re. Al(E 11. 11. Wh is more energ "rod!ced d!ring aero&ic res"iration as com"ared to anaero&ic res"iration# 1(. Which of the following will have the smallest and which will have the largest atomic radii. 2x"lain. What is the difference &etween trans"ort material in x lem and in "hloem# $1. Wh do xero"h tes exchange res"irator gasses at night# 1. What are the common feat!re of all s!rfaces where exchange has to ta%e "lace in the &od # 1/. 15. Wh is trans"iration sometimes called Mnecessar evilK in the "lant# 1... Com"are res"iration in "lants to that in animals. Wh is root "ress!re the ma*or driving force for water movement in "lants at night# 13. A "erson has ver low imm!nit against diseases.. What wo!ld &e the conse'!ence of deficienc of haemoglo&in in the &od # $(. Wh is 7ero gro!" "laced at the extreme right of the "eriodic ta&le# 'IOLOG% CHAPTER: Li+e P"&!e$$e$ 1. (. What will &e the effect on the &od if li"ase en7 me is not secreted# $.. Wh is do!&le circ!lation necessar in h!mans# $/. Com"are haemoglo&in to chloro"h ll. What is the significance of the n!m&er of cham&ers of the heart in maintaining the &od tem"erat!re of an organism. str!ct!re and role of dia"hragm in the h!man &od # 1+. 4. . Ca. How are alveoli designed to maximi7e the gaseo!s exchange# 14. What are the com"onents of trans"ort s stem in highl organi7ed "lants# . -ifferentiate &etween chloro"last and chloro"h ll.

. Plasmodi!m re"rod!ces & &inar fission. Which signals will get disr!"ted in case of s"inal cord in*!r # N1/. O Chemical coordination in o!r &od is !nder the control of o!r nervo!s s stemP . How does the &od "revent s!ch an event!alit # N5. What are the different wa s in which gl!cose is oxidi7ed to "rod!ce energ in the &od # CHAPTER: C&nt"& and C&&"dinati&n N1. What is the difference &etween the manner in which movement ta%es "lace in a sensitive "lant and the movement in o!r legs# N3. . Wh is fragmentation not "ossi&le in ver com"lex organisms# N(. ?!stif this statement ta%ing adrenalin as an exam"le. Which endocrine gland is affected & the a&sence of iodised salt from the diet# Which hormone is secreted & this gland# What will ha""en if there is "rolonged a&sence of iodine from the diet# N.. Wh is it necessar to se"arate ox genated and deox genated&lood in &irds and mammals# $.. Is starfish growing its lost arm an exam"le of re"rod!ction & regeneration# ?!stif N+. N1(. Which organ secretes a hormone for the control of &lood s!gar# Fame a digestive en7 me released & this organ. It is %nown that the root of a "lant moves towards gravit and the leaves of a to!ch me not "lant res"ond to to!ching & c!rling !". What is the role of &rain in reflex action# N1. 2x"lain how do we detect the fragrance of a "erf!me# N11. How do reflex actions differ from invol!ntar actions# N(.. d& O"gani$m$ Re*"&du!e N1. Com"are and contrast nervo!s and hormonal mechanisms for control and coordination in animals. What difference is o&served if we c!t a "lanaria and a h dra into three or fo!r "ortions# N. Wh are "atients with severe dia&etes treated & giving in*ections of ins!lin# N4. Peo"le s!ffering from this disorder often s!ffer from vomiting sensation. What is the im"ortance of -FA co" ing in re"rod!ction# o!r answer. How do these two actions var from each other# N1$. What are gametes# Which organs secrete the hormones res"onsi&le for growth and mat!rit of these cells# CHAPTER: H&. Can o! ex"lain wh # N1+.$+. N$.What are the advantages of asex!al re"rod!ction over sex!al re"rod!ction# N.. N$. N. S"ondillitis is a disease where there is swelling if the verte&rae of the nec% region. 6he &eating of the heart and hearing so!nds are &oth controlled & the &rain. State the advantage the "arasite gets &eca!se of this t "e of re"rod!ction. If ins!lin is secreted in excess the &lood s!gar of the &od wo!ld fall m!ch &elow the normal level.. How do these two movements var from each other# N+.

N3.. How are re"rod!ction and heredit interlin%ed# N15. the "rocess N(. A man with a &lood gro!" A 0IAIA 1 marries a woman with a &lood gro!" : 0I:I: 1. N1+.What color of flower wo!ld o! ex"ect in their 8 1 "rogen # 0a1 Bive the "ercentage of "!r"le flowered "lants if 81 is self "ollinated. What is the "ro&a&ilit of their da!ghter having &lood gro!" )# N5. N$. N14. Fame the "rocess & which different s"ecies are generated thro!gh ears of c!ltivation. wh is variation &eneficial to the s"ecies &!t not necessar for the individ!al# N1. When these two are crossed. N3. How# N4. 6hro!gh a flowchart ill!strate genetic foot"rints of h!man evol!tion.. How does the em&r o get no!rishment inside the motherKs &od # N1/. -o "ower to lift weights and reading of german &elong to same categor # N4. What will ha""en if an ov!m is not fertili7ed# -escri&e the "rocess in a se'!ential manner. -ifferentiate &etween vasectom and t!&ectom . N. N5. Sex chromosomes in h!man male is misJmatched "air. CHAPTER: He"edity and E/& uti&n N1. 0&1 In what ratio wo!ld o! find the genot "es WW and ww in the 8 $ "rogen # N+..Comment. Ill!strate with an exam"le. How does re"rod!ction hel" in "roviding sta&ilit to a "o"!lation of s"ecies# N1$. 2x"lain wh traits li%e hair color and height are geneticall inherited. Wh are &!tterflies seen fl!ttering aro!nd a "lant with flowers in f!ll &loom. How is the "rocess of "ollination different from fertili7ation# N$/. Fame those "arts of a flower which serve the same f!nction as the following do in the animalsL a1 testis &1 ovar c1 eggs d1 s"erms N1(. How will an organism &e &enefited if it re"rod!ces thro!gh s"ores# N1. 6he genot "e of white flowered "lant is WW and that of "!r"le flowered "lant is ww. ODotherKs &od is designed to !nderta%e the develo"ment of a childP Comment on the statement. How wo!ld o! "rove that &irds are closel related to re"tiles# N. What are the common feat!res which a""ear &oth in &o s and girls on sex!al mat!rit # Which endocrine glands are res"onsi&le for them# N11.Fame which hel"s to maintain di"loid condition in h!mans.. 6wo gametes in h!mans com"rise of ha"loid n!m&er of chromosomes each.St!d the given data and answer the following '!estions Q . wh are the testes extraJa&dominal in location# N13. Sex!al re"rod!ction has "la ed a greater role in evol!tion than asex!al re"rod!ction.

2agle. Wh is "ond is selfJs!staining !nit while an a'!ari!m ma not &e so# (. 2x"lain the genot "e of the 0i1 Parents 0ii1 81 "rogen 0iii1 8$ "rogen N1/. identif the dominant and recessive traits.Parental "lants cross fertili7ed and seeds collected Dale "arent alwa s &ore "!r"le flowers.. 9at. Which "osition do the occ!" in a food chain# 4. will man &e affected e'!all in 8ood Chain 1 & $# 0&1 Fame & define the "henomenon involved. Carrot. A farmer !ses nitrogeno!s fertili7ers & insecticides in his rice field. Which food ha&it is advantageo!s from the "oint of view of energ gain if the amo!nt of organic matter at "rod!cer level is e'!al in &oth the cases# Bive reasons. will man get e'!al amo!nt of energ # ?!stif .. . Which organisms will occ!" at third tro"hic level# Which level of cons!mers will it &e with res"ect to each food chain# . +. Seed. 0a1 Arrange the following organisms in $ food chains Q 9a&&it. CHAPTER: Ou" En/i"&nment 1. Com"are a man with vegetarian food ha&its and one with nonJ vegetarian food ha&its & ma%ing food chains. State the law of inheritance as "er Dendel to s!""ort o!r answer in the a&ove '!estion. How is that 9efrigerators harm the o7one la er in the atmos"here# 3. Gion -e"ict the organism in form of " ramid showing all tro"hic levels. 0&1 Dention the "rocess that res!lt in the a&ove mentioned "henomenon. 0c1 If the field "rod!ces same amo!nt of rice in &oth the cases. 8emale "arent alwa s had white flowers 81 0first filal generation offs"ring 1 ((/ seeds sown and o&served All ((/ gave "!r"le flowers 8$ 0Second filal generation1 )!t of ++ seeds ((seeds gave "lants with "!r"le flowers And 11 seeds gave "lants with white flowers What is the term for this t "e of cross# As "er the data of the col!mn mar%ed 81. Which organisms can ma%e organic com"o!nds li%e s!gar and starch from inorganic s!&stances !sing radiant energ of the s!n# Fame $ s!ch organisms. Sna%e. 0a1 Fame the "henomenon occ!rring in the a&ove statement. 6wo isolated s!& Q "o"!lations of :eetles &ecome different from eeach other and event!all mem&ers of these two gro!"s will &e inca"a&le of re"rod!cing with each other. 6his cro" serves as food in following chains LJ 9ice 9ice 0a1   Dan Hen JJJJJ 8ood Chain 1  Dan JJJJ 8ood Chain $ 0&1 0c1 0a1 0&1 0c1 0d1 If the fertili7ers & insecticides is eaten along with the rice. What do o! thin% is the advantage of dis"osa&le "a"er c!"s over dis"osa&le "lastic c!"s# $. St!d the "ict!re given &elow and comment on the encircled organisms with res"ect to Q .

What changes wo!ld o! incor"orate in o!r lifest le in a move towards s!staina&le !se of o!r reso!rces# 3. 0d1 2nerg !sed for food "rod!ction & the "rod!cers. Altho!gh conservationists are not de"endent !"on the forests. .. 0&1 Percentage of energ availa&le at their tro"hic level. CHAPTER: #anagement &+ Natu"a Re$&u"!e$ 1. its citi7ens face a water shortage. 0c1 6wo &iotic com"onents of the ecos stem inha&ited & them. 2ven tho!gh the Yam!na flows thro!gh -elhi. Can o! s!ggest some changes in o!r school to ma%e it environment friendl # . How is conservation of forest directl have a &earing on the conservation of soil '!alit and water# +. Bive reasons.0a1 6he categor according to the food the eat. What is the "re*!dice against the traditional !se of forest areas !nfo!nded# (. wh do the have a sa in forest management# $.. What can o! as an individ!al do to red!ce o!r coms!m"tion of water# .