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Ocean Remote Sensing

Dr.N.Srinivasa Rao
Data & information Management Group (DMG), Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) Hyderabad - 500 090 Office : +91 40 23886035,23886062 Mobile: +91 9392011134 srinivasn@incois.gov.in

Scientist

(Unbelievable Fish catching!!! At Arthunkal beach on 28/01/2013) .

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RGB image showing a ‘plume’ near Dhamra river .06 Nov 2011. Oceansat-2 OCM.

06 Nov 2011. Chl-a-a image showing a ‘plume’ near Dhamra river . Oceansat-2 OCM.

AVHRR-SST .21 Jan 2012. Chlorophyll-a 21 Jan 2012.

23 Jan 2013 25 Jan 2013 27 Jan 2013 Blooming Arthunkal Arthunkal Arthunkal Oceansat-2 OCM enhanced images .

25 Jan 2013 23 Jan 2013 Oceansat-2 OCM Derived Chlorophyll-a images 27 Jan 2013 Blooming Arthunkal Arthunkal Arthunkal Chlorophyll-a mg/m3 .

27 Jan 2013 AVHRR-SST Image Cold SST Arthunkal Warm SST .

Enhanced RGB image Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient. Kd-490) Blooming is confirmed with chlorophyll-a and Kd490 Bloom .Study area showing in a circle Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) Bloom Observed post monsoon algal blooms in South East Arabian Sea (SEAS) on 19th October 2011 from Oceansat-2 OCM.

19 Oct 2011. . 11:50 Z Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) 21 Oct 2011. 11:50 Z N Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) 19. Algal bloom observed on 19th October 2011 has been moving towards north around 50Kms within 48Hrs with an average speed of 1Km/hr. 21 Oct 2011 blended image Algal boom Algal boom Algal boom feature shift ~ 50 km.

03 Aug 2013-Godavari Flood water discharge .

Chl-a showing a ‘plume’ near KG basin . Oceansat-2 OCM.14 Feb 2012.

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A Case study cyclone Laila (17-21 May 2010) .

15 May 2010 Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Kalpana-1 Visible Oceansat-2 Scatterometer winds .

16 May 2010 Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Kalpana-1 Visible Oceansat-2 Scatterometer winds .

17 May 2010 LAT LON TIME WIND Status 11.6 87 05/17/18Z 35 Kt TROPICALSTORM Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Oceansat-2 Scatterometer winds Kalpana-1 Visible METEOSAT-7 IR + Oceansat-2 wind vectors .

3 13.9 83.8 12.2 TIME WIND Status 05/18/00Z 35 TROPICALSTORM 05/18/06Z 40 TROPICALSTORM 05/18/12Z 50 TROPICALSTORM 05/18/18Z 55 TROPICALSTORM Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Oceansat-2 Scatterometer winds METEOSAT-7 IR METEOSAT-7 IR + Oceansat-2 wind vectors .2 13.4 LON 86.3 82.1 84.18 May 2010 LAT 11.

1 14.3 LON 81.19 May 2010 LAT 13.2 81.7 14.4 13.9 81.4 TIME WIND Status 05/19/00Z 65 CYCLONE-1 05/19/06Z 65 CYCLONE-1 05/19/12Z 65 CYCLONE-1 05/19/18Z 60 TROPICAL STORM Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh METEOSAT-7 WV Kalpana-1 Visible .4 81.

00 350.50 342.8 15.5 TIME WIND 05/20/00Z 60 05/20/06Z 50 05/20/12Z 50 05/20/18Z 60 Status TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh METEOSAT-7 WV DISTRICT Mandal Name MADDIPADU Prakasham ONGOLE NAGULUPPALAPADU KOTHAPATNAM Rainfall (mm) 256.9 15.5 80.20 May 2010 LAT 14.8 15.1 80.00 Kalpana-1 Visible .6 LON 81 80.20 323.

40 258.80 510.21 May 2010 LAT 16.7 TIME WIND 05/21/00Z 50 05/21/06Z 40 05/21/12Z 35 05/21/12Z 35 05/21/18Z 35 Status TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM TROPICAL STORM Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh METEOSAT-7 WV DISTRICT Guntur Mandal Name VINUKONDA NUZENDLA KOTHAPATNAM THALLUR Prakasham CHIMAKURTHI SANTHANUTHLAPADU MADDIPADU ADDANKI Rainfall (mm) 245.4 81.40 Kalpana-1 Visible 273.20 .8 17.1 17.7 81.60 262.4 81.60 522.3 81.1 17.20 270.4 16.2 LON 80.20 271.

8 05/22/18Z 30 TROPICALDEPRESSION Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Kalpana-1 Visible .40 LAT LON TIME WIND Status 17.22 May 2010 DISTRICT KRISHNA KHAMMAM Mandal Name Rainfall (mm) TIRUVURU VEMSOOR 252.20 254.5 05/22/06Z 30 TROPICALDEPRESSION 19 83.9 82.

23 May 2010 LAT LON TIME WIND Status 20 85.8 05/23/06Z 25 TROPICAL DEPRESSION Spatial Distribution of rainfall classification Andhra Pradesh Kalpana-1 Visible .

Cyclone Laila 19 May 2010 20 May 2010 21 May 2010 22 May 2010 Mandal wise recorded rainfalls<7cm Heavy rainfalls (7 – 12 cm) Very Heavy rainfalls (13 – 24 cm) Extremely Very Heavy rainfalls (>=25cm) Rainfall source:www.apdes.gov.in .Spatial distribution of 24hrs rainfalls classification during 19-22 May 2010.

23 May 2010-chlorophyll .

25 May 2010-chlorophyll .

Oceansat-2 OCM Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) 17 May 2010 23 May 2010 25 May 2010 27 May 2010 29 May 2010 31 May 2010 02 Jun2010 Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) .

26 May 2010 True colour image of TERRA-MODIS 500m bands geostrophic current .

Oceansat-2 OCM Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3)
27 May 2010 29 May 2010

31 May 2010

02 Jun2010

TMI

geostrophic current
Sea surface temperatures images derived through TMI shows that these fresh water plumes are warm (≈31°C) and due to cyclonic circulation in north central bay cooled around 0.75°C.

Case study-2 (Sep 2011), Flooding situation

Eastward advected plum(~400Km); near Godavari river observed in Oceansat-2 OCM data on 29Sep2011.

Eastward advected plume (~400Km); near Godavari river observed in Oceansat-2 OCM data on 29Sep2011.

FCC .

Chlorophyll-a .

TSM .

Case study-3 Cyclone Thane .

NOAA-19 AVHRR-10µm BT .Oceansat-2 Scatterometer winds 28 Dec 2011-07:03 Z. NOAA-19 AVHRR-FCC 28 Dec 2011-07:03 Z.

3 day moving average SST from TMI 24 Dec 2011-TMI-sst 28 Dec 2011-TMI-sst 30 Dec 2011-TMI-sst 01 Jan 2012-TMI-sst 02 Jan 2012-TMI-sst .

30 Dec 2011-TMI-sst .

Oceansat-2 OCM Chlorophyll-a (mg/m3) 05 Jan 2012 .

VIIRS .

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Oceansat-OCM (620-555-510 nm) .Internal waves 26 Feb 2013.

Oceansat-OCM (620-555-510 nm) .26 Feb 2013.

Metop-2 AVHRR-SST .26 Feb 2013.

26 Feb 2013. Oceansat-OCM Chlorophyll-a .

2011 Scene:9/13 Internal waves .Date: 26.03.

03.Date: 26.2011 Scene:9/13 Internal waves .

Date: 26.03.2011 Oceansat-2 OCM Chlorophyll-a NOAA-18 AVHRR SST Gradients .

24 Dec2012. Oceansat-2 OCM .

Oceansat-2 OCM .24 Dec2012.

24 Dec2012. Metp-2 AVHRR-SST .

Oceansat-2 OCM Chlorophyll-a .24 Dec2012.

11 Mar 2012 .

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18 Mar 2012 .

19 Mar 2012 .

20 Mar 2012 .

21 Mar 2012 .

22 Mar 2012 .

Dust storm from Oman to Gujarat .

Ascat winds .

Date: 23.03.2011 Scene:8/13 Ship tracks .

Date: 23.03.2011 Scene:8/13 Ship tracks (~600 Km) .

km India Srilanka .Oil Slick identified in Oceansat-2 OCM on 01 Oct 2011 at 05:40 Z Diffused extent ~ 34 Sq.