Astonishing Facts about the Qur’aan

Title by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias EDI Publishers
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Table of Contents
Join our mailing list Numbers The Numbers 18 and 81 The 3’s in Surah Yusuf Strange counts in Tasmiyyah The reason why all the knowledge is gathered in the Baa of Tasmiyyah The com rehensi!eness of the "baa’ of Tasmiyyah There are # letters in the word $llaah and the s ecialities of the number # The summary of the %ur’aan is 3 The duration of time in which the %ur’aan was re!ealed The &other of knowledge found in the %ur’aan The reason for no Tasmiyyah at the beginning of Surah al Bara’ah 'orty (ne Strange as ects of the %ur’aan )ow many $mbiyaa are mentioned in the %ur’aan* #1 $ma+ing as ects of the %ur’aan The &ost ,m ortant -erse .is laying The /om rehensi!eness (f The %ur’aan 0ho ke t the name of the Surahs* There are 12 222 meanings for e!ery !erse of the %ur’aan The (ldest /o y (f The %ur’aan The Number (f %ur’aanic 0ords 3sed ,n 3rdu

The Sources (f Tafseer (f The %ur’aan There $re 'i!e Tafseer’s That $re $ Summary (f $ll The (thers The 'irst -erses To Be 4e!ealed The &ost .ifficult -erse (f The %ur’aan The most difficult !erse according to )adhrat $yesha radhiyallaahu anha $ )aafi+ of the %ur’aan in 5ust 3 .ays The affiliation of the scholars of ,ndia with the %ur’aan &emorising the %ur’aan at a !ery young age &emorising the %ur’aan at an old age The achie!ement of the founder of .ar ul 3lum &aulana &adani and &aulana 3thmani also learnt the %ur’aan at an old age 'our eo le com leted the %ur’aan inside the 6a’bah in a single rak’at &emorisation of the %ur’aan in 78 days &emorisation of the %ur’aan in one month The first com lete Surah to be re!ealed $ few rare historical facts regarding the %ur’aan The distribution of !erses in one glance .ifferent counts in the %ur’aan /ounts of al habets in order The first and last Surah to be re!ealed in &akkah )ow many Surahs were re!ealed in &akkah and how many in &adinah*

The first )aafi+ among the Sahabah The 'irst 4e!elation The 9ast 4e!elation The 'irst &adani Surah )ow &any $ngels $re Named ,n The %ur’aan* )ow many men of the re!ious nations are mentioned by name in the %ur’aan* )ow many women are mentioned by name in the %ur’aan* )ow many disbelie!ers ha!e been named in the %ur’aan* )ow many Jinnaat are named in the %ur’aan* )ow many tribes are mentioned in the %ur’aan* )ow many idols ha!e been mentioned by name in the %ur’aan* $ brief distribution of the Surahs The 4ukus in the %ur’aan 0hich was the last !erse and Surah to be re!ealed in the %ur’aan* 9earn the %ur’aan from four eo le There were se!en famous teachers of the %ur’aan amongst the Sahabah :4;$;< $ll the $mbiyaa’ got re!elation in $rabic There were always four rotecting angels that brought the re!elation with )adhrat Jibreel :$;S;< The number of co ies of the %ur’aan re ared by )adhrat 3thmaan :4;$;< $ !erse that has the letter &eem 33 times in it

$ Surah that has the word $llaah in e!ery !erse #2 3ni=ue as ects of the %ur’aan The words :‫<قل يا ايها‬ $ !erse that encom asses all the laws of Shari’ah The laws of the %ur’aan according to those who ass 'atwa )istory of the re!elation of the four famous di!ine books The difference in the gathering of the %ur’aan of )adhrat $bu Bakr :4;$;< and )adhrat 3thmaan :4;$;< %ur’aan> &u’5i+aat and the $mbiyaa’

0he Qur’an inclu-es a nu.ber of .in- boggling statistical )heno.ena1 Here is a con-ense- su..ary of a fe/ of the si.)lest ones2 0he Qur’an .entions3 Man an- 4o.an2 Man 5 6 ti.es3 5 6 'haytaan an- Angel2 'haytaan 5 %% ti.es3 Angels 5 %% Dunya an- Aa7hirah2 Dunya 5 ##8 ti.es3 Aa7hirah 5 ##8 (ala.ity an- 0han7s2 (ala.ity 5 98 ti.es3 0han7s 5 98 I.aan an- :ufr2 I.aan 5 #9 ti.es3 :ufr 5 #9 $ife an- Death2 $ife 5 #68 ti.es3 Death 5 #68 ')en-ing an- 'atisfaction2 ')en-ing 5 9! ti.es3 'atisfaction 5 9! ;a7aat an- Bara7ah2 ;a7aat 5 ! ti.es3 Bara7ah 5 ! 0he /or- <.onth’ 5 e=actly # 0he /or- <-ay’ 5 e=actly !>8

0he /or- <)rayer’ 5 e=actly 8 0he /or-s <lan-’ an- <sea’2 $an- #! ti.es3 'ea 5 ! 'ea ? $an- 5 ! ? #! @ 68 A 'ea 5 ! B68 @ 9#1#####A A $an- 5 #!B68 @ %1%%%%%%%" Mo-ern science has only recently )ro,en that the /ater co,ers 9#1###A of earth3 /hile the lan- co,ers %1%%"A Is this a coinci-enceC Benefit D 8& ti.esE (orru)t D 8& Peo)le 5 8& ti.esE Messengers 5 8& Iblees 5 ## ti.esE 'ee7ing refuge fro. Iblees 5 ## Peo)le /ho are .islea- 5 #9 E Dea- )eo)le 5 #9 Musli.s 5 6# E Fihaa- 5 6# Gol- 5 % E Easy life 5 % Magic 5 >& E Fitnah 5 >& Min- 5 6" E Hoor 5 6" 0ongue 5 8 E 'er.on 5 8 Des)ite 5 % E Fear 5 % ')ea7ing )ublicly 5 #% E Publicising 5 #% Har-shi) 5 ##6 E Patience 5 ##6 Muha..a- 5 6 E 'haree’ah 5 6 The 'umbers () and )( #% an- %# are /ritten in our han-s in Arabic1 #% ? %# @ "" 5 the beautiful of Allaah1

%# 5 #% @ >! Ithe HiJri years +asulullaah I'1A141K li,e-K1 %# an- #%3 )ut the. together3 %##% @ # ! = >>1 >> is the nu.erical scale ,alue of Allaah1 The *+s in ,urah -usuf In the stor% of Yusuf and his brothers are certainl% man% si$ns &lessons' for those who have questions &those who desire to learn'. L'urah MusufN #1 1 !1 ### ,erses 5 # ? # ? # @ ! ### 5 ! #’s Alif $aa. +aa 5 ! MuOata’aat letters

61 Ho1 of -rea.s in 'urah D 2 By Musuf IA1'1K3 By in.ates of Prison3 By the 7ing1 81 >1 ste)1 91 ## stars3 sun3 .oon @ #!3 the ! in #! ! Original 5 Ma’Oub IA1'1K3 Musuf IA1'1K an- Binyaa.een1 0he rest /ere ! /ere close 5 el-est ste) brother IFu-aK3 Musuf IA1'1K an- Binyaa.een1

%1 ! enclosures 5 in /ell I/here they thre/ hi.K3 in roo. I/here she trieto se-uce hi.K3 in Jail "1 ! shirts1 'hirt /ith false bloo-3 shirt torn by ;ulay7ha3 shirt sent by Musuf IA1'1K for his father Ma’Oub IA1'1K1 #&1 hi.1 After they thre/ hi. in the /ell 5 tra,ellers ca.e after ! -ays to rescue

##1 0ra,ellers sol- hi. for #% -irha.s 5 > = ! in Egy)t3 to the 7ing’s .inister # 1 In )rison there /ere !1 Musuf IA1'1K3 :ing’s ba7er3 one /ho ser,e-rin7s1 #!1 ! -rea.s in one )lace 5 Egy)t1


! -rea.s 5 one in (an’aan3 one IsetK in Jail3 one in Egy)t 5 outsi-e Jail1

#81 Princi)les of Deen1 0auhee-3 Aa7hirat3 +isaalat I,erse !93 !%K1 He )reache- it as /ell1 #>1 Drea. of 7ing1 9 fat co/s ate 9 thin co/s3 9 green ears of corn 5 9 ? 9 ? 93 i1e1 ! 9’s #91 #5!=9@ # #%1 Brothers /ent ! to Musuf IA1'1K1 Once /ithout Binyaa.een3 once /ith Binya.een3 once /ith Ma’Oub IA1'1K1 #"1 ! staye- in Egy)t1 Musuf IA1'1K3 Binyaa.een3 El-est brother I,erse %#K &1 0he Qur’aan is su..arize- in ! things 5 Ml1 Ah.a- Ali $ahori I+1A1K states3 /orshi) Allaah3 obey +asulullaah I'1A141K an- ser,e hu.anity1 #1 ! o)tions /hat to -o /ith Musuf IA1'1K1 I#K :ill hi.1 I K 0hro/D aban-on hi. in so.e -istant lan-1 I!K 0hro/ hi. in -ar7 /ell1 5 ,erse "3 #& 1 ! false things1 False bloo-3 false accusation on Musuf IA1'1K3 false accusation on Binyaa.een Iinci-ent of cu) in bagK !1 'u..ary in ! )oints1 I#K fro. ho.e to I K the /ell to I!K then .inister1 61

! at the -oor3 I#K Musuf IA1'1K I K ;ulay7ha I!K the Minister I,erse 8K

! lau-e-1 I#K ()hat luc#* +here is a bo% here*, ,erse #" 5 by cara,an tra,ellers1 I K (-llaah is pure* +his cannot be a human* .e must be a noble an$el*, I,erse !#K 5 by the la-ies I!K ()e trul% deem &see' %ou to be of the ri$hteous, I,erse !>K 5 by those in the Jail >1 ! A.biyaa’s .entione- his forefathers3 Ibraahee. IA1'1K3 IshaaO IA1'1K3 Ma’Oub IA1'1K I,erse !%K 91 'taye- in Jail after the in.ate forgot for 9 5 # years1 I! = 6K 5 Falalayn ,erse 6

,trange counts in Tasmiyyah 0here are #" letters in this blesse- ,erse1 E,ery /or- of this ,erse /as use- in the Qur’aan in this /ay that the letters an- /or-s total #"1 Pn-erstan- it in this /ay that the first /or- is ./ism.1 It is use- #" in the Qur’aan1 0he secon- /or- is .0llaah.1 It is use- >"% in the Qur’aan3 i1e1 #" = #6 @ >"%1 0he thir- /or- is .0r ahmaan.1 It is use- 89 in the Qur’aan3 i1e1 ! = #" @ 891 0he last /or- is .0r aheem.1 It is use- ##6 ti.es3 i1e1 > = ##"1 It shoul- re.ain clear that the /or- ./ism. D use- #" is besi-es in the 0as.iyyah1 0he scholars ha,e /ritten that the -ay is -i,i-e- into 6 hours1 8 for the fi,e -aily 'alaah an- the other #" /ere gi,en to the #" letters of 0as.iyyah so that a )erson can attain blessings an- /orshi) by reciting it at e,ery .o.ent3 at e,ery )osture3 .o,e.ent or stillness3 i1e1 through the blessings of 0as.iyyah3 the other #" hours are /ritten as /orshi) an- the total nu.ber of 'urahs also -i,i-es into #"1 Hote2 the scholars ha,e /ritten e=tensi,ely on the /is-o. of the nu.ber #"1 #1 Ha-hrat Hanot/i I+1A1K says that the total nu.ber of things /e ha,e to belie,e in3 total #"1 0he /ise )eo)le in Islaa. an- the Mufassir Mah.a’i I+1A1K say that the reason for a))ointing #" angels o,er all is that the out/ar- senses of .an are fi,e1 0he in/ar- senses are also fi,e an- the strength that Allaah has gi,en to e,ery .an is nine1 In this /ay3 they total #"1

!1 Ha-hrat 'hah 4ali ullaah I+1A1K an- 'hah Ab-ul Azeez Dehla/i I+1A1K say that the tools for earning in .an are #"1 61

0he hea-Ouarters of the soul of .an are also #"1 0here are #" things necessary in 'alaah1 #

1/"or details see .aqeeqat e 0ur,aan, "adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan, p. 123, 0ur,aan #e Muha%%ir ul (-ql
4humari%%aat p. 5, 6, +afseer e -zizi vol.7 p.76, -adaab ul 0ur,aan of Maulana -8mal 9han, 9hazeena of Maulana -slam 4ha%#hupuri'

The reason why all the knowledge is gathered in the /aa of Tasmiyyah After the follo/ing Ha-ith3 123456 789:;< => ?@23456 A BCDEF< GHI;< => JK9LM<6 JN;6O< P345 QRS T< 7U V;< BWX?Y;< => 0he scholars ha,e /ritten that the 7no/le-ge in Faatiha is in <Bis.illaah’ anthe 7no/le-ge in <Bis.illaah’ is in the letter <baa’1 0he reason for this is that the obJecti,e of all the /orl-s is so that a ser,ant can lin7 to His 'ustainer1 0his has lin7e- all the ser,ants to Allaah1 0his is )erfection of the obJecti,e1 I.a. +aazi I+1A1K an- others ha,e /ritten this in their co..entaries1 For the s)ecialties an- ,irtues of 0as.iyyah see Aa-aab ul Qur’aan )1%>D%" by Maulana :han I+1A1K an- Plu. ul Qur’aanK The comprehensiveness of the Zbaa+ of Tasmiyyah Many scholars ha,e /ritten that it is state- in a Ha-ith that Allaah has gathereall the first an- last 7no/le-ge in the four boo7s1 0he 7no/le-ge of the four boo7s in the Qur’aan an- the 7no/le-ge of the Qur’aan in 'urah Faatiha an- the 7no/le-ge of 'urah Faatiha in Bis.illaah an- the 7no/le-ge of Bis.illaah in the <baa’ of it1 0he reason for this is that the obJecti,e of e,ery 7no/le-ge is to lin7 the ser,ant to the 'ustainer1 An- the <baa’ in Bis.illaah in the .eaning of lin7ing1 0his is )erfection in obJecti,e1 3 There are [ letters in the word 0llaah and the specialities of the number [
• It is an un-eniable fact that the /or- <Allaah’ is a source of .any secrets3 great 7no/le-ge an- recognition1 It is i.)ossible to count all the )oints anhi--en as)ects in it1

• $oo73 the /or- Allaah has four letters3 li7e the fa.ous -i,ine boo7s are four I0auraat3 ;aboor3 InJeel3 Qur’aanK1 • 0he /or- <Allaah’ is the noun referring to the na.e of Allaah1 It has four letters1 • • 0he 7ey to the treasures of the Qur’aan I0as.iyyahK also has four /or-s1 :ali.ah 0ayyibah also has four /or-s1

7&-l Itqaan fil :lum al 0ur,aan p.1;1 vol.3'

• 'i.ilarly3 the of +asulullaah I'1A141K3 <Ah.a-’ an<Muha..a-’ ha,e four letters1 • 0he na.e of the boo7 of Allaah <Qur’aan’ also has four letters1 • 0he close angels are four3 Fibreel IA1'1K3 Mi7aa’eel IA1'1K3 Israafeel IA1'1K an- <Izraa’eel IA1'1K1 • Four grou)s are .entione- in the Qur’aan2 belie,ers3 hy)ocrites3 )olytheists an- )eo)le of the boo71 • 0he rightly gui-e- :hulafaa’ are four3 Abu Ba7r I+1A1K3 I+1A1K3 Pth.aan I+1A1K an- Ali I+1A1K1 • 0he I.a.s of IJtihaa- an- FiOh are four3 Abu Hanifah I+1A1K3 'hafi’i I+1A1K3 Maali7 I+1A1K an- Ah.a- bin Hanbal I+1A1K1 • Four of the A.biyaa are of great resol,e IPlul <Az.K )asse- before +asulullaah I'1A141K3 Huh IA1'1K3 Ibraahee. IA1'1K3 Musa IA1'1K an- <Isa IA1'1K1 • Four A.biyaa /ere li,ing /hen +asulullaah I'1A141K /as -e)ute-1 0/o in the earth3 :ha-ir IA1'1K an- Ilyaas IA1'1K1 An- t/o in the hea,ens3 I-rees IA1'1K an- <Isa IA1'1K1 LDurr e Manthur ,ol18N • 0he of +asulullaah I'1A141K that co.e fro. the root /or- Ha.are four3 Haa.i-3 Mah.u-3 Ah.a- an- Muha..a- I'1A141K1 • 0he /or- +asool also has four letters1 • 0he na.e of +asulullaah I'1A141K <Muha..a-’ /as also use- four in the Qur’aan1 • 0he chains of the 'ufis are also four3 Qaa-iriyyah3 (hishtiyyah3 'uhar/ar-iyyah an- HaOshban-iyyah1 • +asulullaah I'1A141K ha- four -aughters3 +uOayyah3 P..e :ulthu.3 ;aynab an- Faati.ah ra-hiyallaahu anhu.1 • 0he )ious chil-ren of Aa-a. IA1'1K are four grou)s3 A.biyaa3 'i--iOeen3 'huha-aa’ an- 'aaliheen1 • 0here are four gar-ens of Fannah3 Fannatul Fir-aus3 Fannatun Ha’i.3 Fannate <A-n an- Fannat al Ma’/a1

0he fun-a.entals of /orshi) are four3 'alaah3 Fasting3 HaJJ an- ;a7aat1

• 0he ri,ers of Fannah are four3 ;anJabeel3 'alsabeel3 +aheeO an0asnee.1

0he ele.ents of the bo-y are four3 fire3 /in-3 /ater an- san-1 IMo-ern scientists say that there are #&6K1 < The summary of the \ur+aan is * Ha-hrat Maulana Ah.a- Ali $ahori I+1A1K says that the su..ary of the Qur’aan is ! things 2 #1 1 !1 0o /orshi) the (reator Obe-ience to +asulullaah I'1A141K 0o ser,e the creation

The duration of time in which the \ur+aan was revealed 0he Qur’aan /as re,eale- o,er a )erio- of a))ro=i.ately years3 8 .onths an- #6 -ays1 Another narration states that it began on " +abi al A//al >#& (1E3 it /as re,eale- as an- /hen nee-e- o,er a )erio- of years3 .onths an-ays1 'ee Fa-haa’il Hifz e Qur’aan )1#9 an- Ma’aarib ut 0alabah )1!& for -etails1 The ]other of knowledge found in the \ur+aan <Alla.ah Ibn al Arabi I+1A1K says that the .other of all for.s of 7no/le-ge in the Qur’aan are three3 I#K 0auhee- I K 0a-h7eer I!K $a/s1 0his is the reason /hy 'urah Faatiha is calle- the .other of the Qur’aan because it contains these three subJects1 6

3/=awahiraat e Ilmi%%ah p.<>, <?, -shraf ut +afaaseer p.327, 323@ #&Itqaan vol.3 p.<?;, "adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan p.7;5@

The reason for no Tasmiyyah at the beginning of ,urah al /ara+ah
#1 0here are ##6 'urahs in the Qur’aan1 Ho/e,er3 0as.iyyah is foun- at the beginning of ##! 'urahs an- not at the beginning of 'urah al Bara’ah1 In or-er to .a7e u) for this3 Allaah re,eale- the follo/ing ,erse in 'urah Ha.l 2


'urah Bara’ah contains subJect .atter relate- to 7illing the non belie,ers1 For this reason it /as /ithout 0as.iyyah because they are /or-s of .ercy /hich is not the of the ti.e1 'i.ilarly3 /hen slaughtering an ani.al3 the /or-s that are to be recite- are <In the na.e of Allaah3 Allaah is the greatest’1 4e ha,e not been to recite the co.)lete 0as.iyyah because slaughtering is a for. of -ifficulty an- )unish.ent1 An- this is not the )lace of these /or-s of .ercy1>

Forty ^ne ,trange aspects of the \ur+aan #1 0here are #6 'urahs that begin /ith the )raises of Allaah3 e1g1 All )raise is -ue to Allaah3 Blesse- is the being111etc1 It is .entione- in :hulaasatul Qur’aan that in the entire Qur’aan3 besi-es the /or- IfaOa-sagaatK3 there is no /or- e=ce)t that it has the letters of 0as.iyyah in it19

0he 'urahs of Mufassal are calle- Muh7a. because none of the. /ere abrogate-3 in fact3 all the 'urahs re.aine- unabrogate-1 %
3; #;

0here are ### ,erses in 'urah Musuf3 in none of the. is Fannah or Fahanna. .entione-1 "
?"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan, Ma,arif ul 0ur,aan, Aaahid al .usa%ni 1/-adaab ul 0ur,aan p.75, +afseer 9abeer vol.7 p.7><@ 8/"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan p.123 from =alees un Basihin@ 8/"adhaa,il .uffaaz ul 0ur,aan p.123@ @/Ibid@

0he /or- Iblees is .entione- ## in the Qur’aan1 Iblees is on the scale of If’eel1 It is -eri,e- fro. Iblaas1 0he .eaning of it is to be far fro. the .ercy of Allaah1 #&

0he only )lace in the Qur’aan /herein it states (the merc% and blessin$s of -llaah, is 'urah Hu-3 in the 9th ru7u1 ##
1; 8;

0he Qur’aan /as re,eale- all once on the night of taO-eer fro. the )rotecte- tablet to the s7y of the earth1 Fro. there it /as re,eale- )iece.eal to +asulullaah I'1A141K o,er years3 .onths an-ays1 Ho/e,er3 the 0auraat an- InJeel /ere re,eale- all at once1 # %1 0here are " 'urahs that begin /ith letters of MuOatta’at3 e1g1 Alif $aa. Mee.3 etc1 "1 0here are #& 'urahs that begin /ith a letter use- for calling3 e1g1 'urah 0here are ! 'urahs that begin /ith a :habariyya Ia sentence -efinition in Arabic that refers to so.ething that can be affir.e- or -enie-K3 e1g1 'urah Anfaal1#!

0he ,erse that teaches the greatest Justice an- eOuity is (Indeed -llaah commands %ou with 8ustice and $oodness...,L'urah Ha.lN
11; 17;

0he ,erse that instils the .ost fear is (.e who does an atom,s wei$ht of $ood will see it and he who does an atom,s wei$ht of evil will see it., L'urah ;ilzaalN 0he ,erse in the Qur’aan that gi,es the .ost ho)e is (4a%, C M% servants who have trans$ressed themselves, do not despair of the merc% of -llaah., L'urah ;u.arN1 'o.e scholars say that it is (-nd soon %our Dabb will $rant %ou and %ou will become pleased., #6

12/Mustanad (Ilaa8 e 0ur,aani vol.7 p.16@ 11/"ataawa Dahimi%%ah vol.72 p.1?5@ 17/9hazeena p.55, 56@ 13/Ma8alla Bawa e -hl us 4unnah@ 1#/"adhaa,il .uffaaz al 0ur,aan p.12;@

0he ,erse of the Qur’aan that creates .ost /orry an- grief is (.e who does evil will be recompensed for it., #8
1#; 1?; 11; 18;

0here is one ,erse in the Qur’aan that is an entire ru7u’ on its o/n1 It is the secon- ru7u’ of 'urah Muzza..il1 #> 0he ru7u’ that has the .ost ,erses in it is in 'urah Abasa1 0he ru7u’ has 6 ,erses1 #9 0here is only one )lace in the Qur’aan /here the letter ghayn a))ears ne=t to one another /ithout another /or- in bet/eenE it is in 'urah Aal I.raan1 – QRST UVWXY Z[\ ]^_S `ab #% #%1 0here is a single ,erse that has the letter 7aaf ! in it1 It is ,erse % of 'urah BaOarah1 #"1
72; 71; 77;

In ,erse % of 'urah BaOarah3 the letter .ee. a))ears !! ti.es1

0here are only ! )laces in the Qur’aan /here % hara7aat a))ear in a ro/ I#K ,erse 6 of 'urah Musuf I K ,erse % of 'urah Musuf I!K h[iQj cdRW ecfg #" 0here is a 'urah that has only one 7asrah3 it is 'urah I7hlaas1

0here are only > )laces in the Qur’aan /here <All )raise is -ue to Allaah3 +abb of the /orl-s’ is .entione-1 I#K 'urah Faatiha I K 'urah An’aa.3 ,erse 68 I!K ,erse #& of 'urah Munus I6K ,erse #% of 'urah 'aaffaat I8K ,erse 98 of 'urah ; I>K ,erse >8 of 'urah Ghaafir # 0here are .any )laces in the Qur’aan /here IklmnoSK an- IklmnopK are .entione-3 but there is only one )lace /here IklmqrSK is .entione- an- t/o )laces IklmqrpK1 It is ,erse #&6 of 'urah Hisaa’1

1?/Bisaa,@ /Ibid@ 11/Ibid@ 18/Ibid@ 18/Ibid@ 1@/Ibid@ 72/Ibid p.17>@ 71/Ibid@

0he /or- <O Habi’ is .entione- #! in the Qur’aan an- the /or<O +asul’ is .entione- Just t/ice1 I,erse 6# an- >9 of 'urah Maa’i-ahK
7#; 7?;

0he /or- <O Man’ only t/ice in the Qur’aan3 I#K ,erse > of 'urah Infitaar an- I K ,erse > of 'urah InshiOaaO1 ! >1 0he /or- ;a7aat is .entione- ! in the Qur’aan an- the /or<blessings’ is also ! 1 91 0he /or- <AOl’ an- all its -eri,ati,es are use- 6" in the Qur’aan1 0he /or- <Hoor’ an- its -eri,ati,es are also use- 6" in total1 0he /or- <Muha..a-’ is use- 6 in the Qur’aan an- the /or<Hur’ is also use- 6 ti.es1 6

"1 'o.e /or-s in the Qur’aan are use- e=actly the a.ount of that their o))osites are use-3 e1g1 <life’ /ith its -eri,ati,es is use- #68 an- the /or- <-eath’ /ith its -eri,ati,es is use- #68 ti.es1 0he of the Qur’aan 5 li7e the beautiful of Allaah 5 ha,e also reache- ""1 0he .ost s)ecific na.e is <:alaa. ullaah’ an- the .ost fa.ous na.e is <Al Qur’aan’1 8

!#1 0here is only one ru7u’ in the Qur’aan that begins /ith the letter <noon’1 It is the secon- ru7u’ of 'urah :ahf I'urah Qala. has been left out because the <noon’ in the beginning there is )art of the .uOata’aat letters1K ! 1 0here is only one 'urah that is a Du’aa in co.)lete for.3 an- that is 'urah Faatiha1 0he first 0afseer /ritten /ith only letters that -o not ha,e -ots /as 'a/ati’al Alhaa. by Alla.ah Abul Fa-hl Fay-hi bin Mubaara7 Haguri I"86 A1HK1 It co,ere- 9&& )ages an- /as co.)lete- in t/o to t/o an- a half years1 Accor-ing to Alla.ah 'hibli Hu’.ani I+1A1K3 it /as co.)lete- in #&& A1H1


77/Ibid p.136@ 73/Ibid p.13>@ 7#/"adhaa,il .ufaaz al 0ur,aan@ 7?/Buzul e 0ur,aan Ma8id #a 9haas 4humara@ 71/+a,aruf e 0ur,aan p.755@

!61 Ha-hrat Munus IA1'1K /as calle- <'aahib ul Hut’ in the Qur’aan1 L'urah Qala.3 ,erse 6%N !81 Ha-hrat Abu Ba7r I+1A1K /as calle- <the secon- of the t/o’ in the Qur’aan1 L'urah 0aubah3 ,erse 6&N !>1 # battles in /hich +asulullaah I'1A141K )artici)ate- in are .entione- in the Qur’aan1 !91 0he -ay of the battle of Ba-r is calle- <Mau. al FurOaan’ in the Qur’aan L'urah Anfaal3 ,erse 6#N !%1
3@; #2; #1;

(harity has been encourage- 8& in the Qur’aan1 4e ha,e been e=horte- to .a7e Du’aa 9& in the Qur’aan1 0he Mutashaabihaat /or-s in the Qur’aan are about 9&&&1
" 9 %

Attain.ent of 7no/le-ge is .entione- 98& in the Qur’aan1

_ow many 0mbiyaa are mentioned in the \ur+aan# 8 A.biyaa besi-es +asulullaah I'1A141K are .entione- in the Qur’aan accor-ing to the -etail .entione- belo/2 #1 1

Ha-hrat Muha..a- I'1A141K 6 ti.es3 Ah.a- I'1A141K # ti.e1 Ha-hrat Aa-a. IA1'1K 8 ti.es1 Ha-hrat I-rees IA1'1K ti.es1 Ha-hrat Huh IA1'1K 6" ti.es1 Ha-hrat Hu- IA1'1K % ti.es1 Ha-hrat 'aalih IA1'1K " ti.es1 Ha-hrat Ibraahee. IA1'1K 9# ti.es1 Ha-hrat Is.aaeel IA1'1K # ti.es1 Ha-hrat IshaaO IA1'1K #9 ti.es1 Ha-hrat Ma’Oub IA1'1K #> ti.es1

61 81 >1 91 %1 "1 #&1

78/Monthl% .aq Bawa,e Ihtishaam, =anuar% 3225@ 78/ ail% :mmat 3; Da8ab 7136@ 7@/-l 0ur,an al 9arim ma,a +ashrihaat al Mutashabihaat p.72@

##1 # 1 #!1 #61 #81 #>1 #91 #%1 #"1 &1 #1 1 !1 61 81

Ha-hrat Musuf IA1'1K 9 ti.es1 Ha-hrat $ut IA1'1K 9 ti.es1 Ha-hrat Ayyub IA1'1K 6 ti.es1 Ha-hrat 'hu’ayb IA1'1K ## ti.es1 Ha-hrat Musa IA1'1K #!! ti.es1 Ha-hrat Harun IA1'1K #" ti.es1 Ha-hrat Da/u- IA1'1K #> ti.es1 Ha-hrat ' IA1'1K #9 ti.es1 Ha-hrat Mahya IA1'1K 9 ti.es1 Ha-hrat <Isa IA1'1K !> ti.es1 Ha-hrat Pzayr IA1'1K # ti.e1 Ha-hrat Al yasa’ IA1'1K Ha-hrat Dhul :ifl IA1'1K ti.es1 ti.es1

Ha-hrat Munus IA1'1K > ti.es1 Ha-hrat Ilyaas IA1'1K ! ti.es1 Ha-hrat ;a7ariyya IA1'1K 9 ti.es1 !&

Hote2 Besi-es Ha-hrat <Isa IA1'1K an- +asulullaah I'1A141K3 no other Habi /as .entione- in the Qur’aan by t/o na.es1 !# All this is a-a)te- fro. Fa-haa’il Huffaaz al Qur’aan of Maulana Qaari Abu Ab-ul Qaa-ir Muhaa.a- 0aahir +ahi.i of Ma-inah Muna//arah1 [( 0ma`ing aspects of the \ur+aan #1 0he /or- <:alla’ -oes not co.e in the first half of the Qur’aan1 It in the secon- half3 an- /hiche,er 'urah it a))ears in3 it is Ma77an1

32/"adhaa,il .uffaaz e 0ur,aan p.131@ 31/-l Itqaan vol.3 p.13?@

1 0he /or- <Allaah’ -oes not co.e in 'urah +ah.aan3 'urah 4aaOi’ah an- 'urah Qa.ar3 but it in e,ery ,erse of 'urah MuJaa-alah I6& in ,ersesK1 !1 Ha-hrat Marya. ra-hiyallaahu anha is the only / .entione- by na.e in the Qur’aan an- Ha-hrat ;ay- I+1A1K is the only .an besi-es Habi I'1A141K .entione- by na.e in the Qur’aan1 61 0here are #8 'urahs that begin /ith /or-s of oath3 li7e 'urah Duha3 'urah at 0een3 'urah al Asr etc1 81 'e,en 'urahs begin /ith /or-s of con-ition3 li7e 'urah Hasr1 >1 'i= 'urahs in the Qur’aan begin /ith /or-s of li7e 'urah I7hlaas1 91 'i= 'urahs in the Qur’aan begin /ith /or-s of Ouestion3 li7e 'urah Ghaashiyah3 'urah Inshiraah etc1 %1 0hree 'urahs begin /ith /or-s of Du’aa for curses3 li7e 'urah $ahab3 'urah Hu.azah3 'urah Mutaffifeen1 0he first re,elation ca.e -o/n u)on +asulullaah I'1A141K in the year >#& (1E an- the secon- ca.e -o/n /hile he /as at ho.e1 !
@; 12; 11; 17; 13;

0he na.e of Ha-hrat Ibraahee. IA1'1K %> in the Qur’aan1!! 0he Qur’an e.)hasizes charity #8 ti.es1 !6 0here is only a single 7asra in 'urah I7hlaas !8

0he /or- <Qul’ ! in the Qur’aan3 the na.e of <Allaah’ "" ti.es3 the na.e of +asulullaah I'1A141K #& an- the entire Qur’aan /as re,eale- o,er a )erio- of years 8 .onths an- #6 -ays1 !> #61 As far as single letters are concerne-3 the 'urah /ith the longest na.e is 'urah Bani Israaeel1
37/9hazaana Ma,lumaat e (-alam p.77@ 33/Ibid p.71@ 3#/Ibid p.?@ 3?/Ibid p.>@ 31/Ea%aan ul 0ur,aan@

#81 Finn1

0he 'urahs /ith the shortest are 'urah HaJJ3 'urah 'aff an- 'urah

#>1 In ter.s of the letters of MuOata’aat3 the longest na.e of a 'urah is 'urah Marya.1 #91 0he shortest in ter.s of MuOata’aat letters is 'urah 'aa-3 'urah Qaaf an'urah Hoon1 #%1 In ter.s of ,erses3 the longest ru7u’ is in Juz !3 ru7u’ >1 It has 8! ,erses1 #"1 0he shortest ru7u’ in the Qur’aan is 'urah al :authar Ionly ! ,ersesK in Juz !&1 I'urah al Asr an- 'urah Hasr is also ! ,ersesK &1 0he shortest ,erse in the Qur’aan is in Juz "3 ,erse # of 'urah Mu--athir1 0here is one ,erse in the Qur’aan that is e=actly the sa.e in ter.s of -iacritical .ar7s fro. both si-es of the ,erse3 an- that is2 hns ts uv in 'urah Maaseen1 !9

0here is only 'urah in the Qur’aan that starts /ith letters of 0a’lil Isho/ing reasonK1 It is 'urah Quraysh1 !%
77; 73;

0he longest /ritten an- )ronounce- /or- is IwlmvQR[xWQsK an- the shortest /or- is IyK1 61 0he /or- <Qur’aan’ is .entione- 9# in the Qur’aan itself1 81 0he /or- <Qur’aan’ is foun- .entione- the .ost nu.ber of in 'urah Bani Israaeel I#& 2 in ,erses "3 6#3 683 6>3 >&3 9%3 % 3 %%3 %"3 #&>K >1 0he first ti.e the /or- <Qur’aan’ is .entione- is in ,erse #%8 of 'urah BaOarah1 0he na.e of Muha..a- I'1A141K a))ears 6 IHisaa’3 Ahzaab3 Fath3 Muha..a-K in the Qur’aan an- the nu.ber of letters is also 61 !"

389hazeena p.1>, 1. 38/Bawa e -hl us 4unnah@ 3@&Monthl% .aq Bawa e Ihtishaam, Damadhaan 7136'.

0he /or- </ali’ is use- in singular for. 6! in the Qur’aan an- 8% in the )lural for. <Auliyaa’1 Ho/e,er3 in no )lace /as the /or- use- in the .eaning of lea-er1 6&

"1 0he /or- <FurOaan’ a))ears 9 in the Qur’aan3 /hen the /or<Qur’aan’ a))ears 9# ti.es1 0here are three ty)es of /or-s use- for consultation in the Qur’aan1 ?R@N45 a?bS c> E6?dX A 92F< => efE6?g6 A e@bND hE3g

!#1 0he /or- <Ilaah’ is use- in singular an- )lural for. #>6 in the Qur’aan1 ! 1 0he first co)y of the Qur’aan /as co.)ile- in the ti.e of Abu Ba7r I+1A1K in # A1H1 !!1 0he 'unnah of reciting the entire Qur’aan in 0ara/eeh /as starte- in the ti.e of I+1A1K I#8 A1HK !61 In the ti.e of Pth.aan I+1A1K I % A1HK3 all si= scri)ts /ere abrogatean- the scri)t of the Quraysh /as agree- u)on an- the ,arious co)ies /ere )re)are- fro. the Quraysh scri)t1 !81 In the ti.e of Ali I+1A1K3 Abu al As/a- Du’ali 0abi’i I+1A1K )ut the -iacritical .ar7s on the last letters of the /or-s1 !>1 0he )resent for. of the Qur’aan /ith the -iacritical .ar7s etc1 /as )re)are- in 98 A1H by the of HaJJaaJ bin Musuf by Hasr bin Asi.3 Mahya an- :halil bin Ah.a-1 In 98 A1H the Qur’aan /as s)lit into !& Juz3 into Ouarter3 half3 three Ouarter etc1 6#


0he first /or- to be re,eale- /as <+ea-’1 0he last /or-s to be re,eale- /ere IzxRST zxq {nmvY Ul[qYK1

6&1 0he first Persian translation of the Qur’aan /as -one by 'al.aan Farsi I+1A1K /hen he /rote 'urah Faatiha for the Persians1

#2/Ibid@ #1/E# -lami +ari#h p.6<, 61@

It is great ignorance to ta7e the .eaning of the Ha-ith <the Qur’aan /as re,eale- in 9 letters’ to .ean the 9 Qira’aat1 6

The ]ost "mportant ierse jisplaying The komprehensiveness ^f The \ur+aan 0his ,erse of 'urah Ha.l can be )resente- to sho/ the co.)rehensi,eness of the Qur’aan 2 kbZodS X z|b wTlR}b kQm[nW zxRm~•S X zxRvQ€a YlniTY umRqY Q•SY QS 0his is because this ,erse has a call3 /arning3 a-,ice3 s)ecialty3 generality3 in-ication an- e=cuse etc1 6! Who kept the name of the ,urahs# All the of the 'urahs are 0aufeeOi1 +asulullaah I'1A141K 7e)t the by the of Allaah1 0here is no )art in it by the scholars anMufassireen1 LFataa/a HaOOaaniyya )1#9 N There are lm mmm meanings for every verse of the \ur+aan Alla.ah Falal u- Deen 'uyuti I+1A1K has /ritten that so.e scholars sai- that there are >& &&& .eanings for e,ery ,erse of the Qur’aan1 66 The ^ldest kopy ^f The \ur+aan 0he ol-est co)y of the Qur’aan in the /orl- is one fro. the ti.e of Pth.aan I+1A1K1 0his Qur’aan is )rotecte- in 0ash7ent3 Pzbe7istan1 Aroun- this great library lies the great scholar of the #&th century3 Alla.ah Qaffaal 'haashi I+1A1K1 A-Jacent to this library is the office of the Gran- Mufti of Pzbe7istan as /ell as a Ma-rasah1 It is also calle- Mau e Mubara7 7a Ma-rasah1 0here are .any relics here that are attribute- to +asulullaah I'1A141K1 68

#7/"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan p.7?5@ #3/Ma,arif ul 0ur,aan of 0adhi Aaahid al .usa%ni &D.-.'@ ##/-l Itqaan vol.3 p.5?>@ #?/:mmat Deport, 4unda%, > hul .i88ah 7136@

The 'umber ^f \ur+aanic Words nsed "n nrdu 0here are a))ro=i.ately %& &&& /or-s in the Qur’aan1 Ho/e,er3 the root /or-s are about &&&1 Due to re)eate- use3 they ha,e reache- %& &&&1 0here are 8&& /or-s in the Qur’aan that are use- in Pr-u /ith slight ,ariance in )ronunciation an- they are s)o7en an- un-erstoo-16> The ,ources ^f Tafseer ^f The \ur+aan 0here are si= sources in total for the 0afseer of the Qur’aan 2 #1 1 !1 61 81 >1 0he Qur’aan 0he Ahaa-ith 0he state.ents of the 'ahabah I+1A1K 0he state.ents of the 0abi’in 0he Arabic language 'oun- intellect

There 0re Five Tafseer+s That 0re 0 ,ummary ^f 0ll The ^thers Fi,e 0afseers are .entione- belo/ in brief1 0hey are )robably the su..ary of all the 7no/le-ge of 0afseer of the lu.inaries of the u..ah2 Tafseer "bn oathir. 4ritten by Alla.ah I.a- u- Deen Abul Fi-a Is.aaeel bin al :hatib Abu Hafs bin :athir I969 A1HK1 It is in four ,olu.es1 0afseer Ibn :athir /as grante- .ore acce)tance than all the 0afseers /ritten fro. the 8th to the #&th centuries1 He /rote this 0afseer in the >th century1 Accor-ing to Alla.ah An/ar 'hah :ash.iri I+1A1K &&&&& 0afseers /ere /ritten until the # th HiJri century1 About && of the. are such that they co,er 6&& ,olu.es1 Alla.ah Haafiz 'haheen I+1A1K /rote a 0afseer of #&&& , 5 until the #%th Juz1

Tafseer e oabir. 4ritten by I.a. Fa7hr u- Deen Muha..a- bin Diyaa u- Deen ar +aazi I+1A1K I>&> A1HK1 0he original na.e is Mafaatihul Ghayb1 I.a. +aazi I+1A1K /rote this 0afseer until 'urah Fath an)asse- a/ay1 Fro. 'urah Fath to the en-3 Qaa-hi 'hihaab u- Deen bin :halil al :hauli A- Di.ashOi I>!" A1HK or 'hay7h HaJ. u- Deen Ah.a- bin Muha.aal Qa.uli I999 A1HK /rote1 4hat is astonishing to note is that if so.eone -oes
7; #1 /Introduction to the translation of the 0ur,aan of Maulana -asif 0aasimi@

not 7no/ this3 he /ill not e,en -oubt that it /as /ritten by so.eone other than I.a. +aazi I+1A1K1 Tafseer 0bu ,a+ud. 0he co.)lete na.e is Irshaa- ul AOl as 'alee. ila Mazayal Qur’aan al :aree.1 4ritten by Qaa-hi Abu 'a’u- Muha..a- bin Muha..a- Al I.aa-i Al Hanafi I"8# A1HK1 it is in 8 ,olu.es1 It has a lot of ,aluable as)ects on the lin7 of the ,erses3 the a))ro)riateness of the ,erses angoo- )oints on the eloOuence of the Qur’aan1

Tafseer al \urtubi. 0he co.)lete na.e is Al Fa.i li Ah7aa. al Qur’aan1 It /as /ritten by the fa.ous ')anish scholar Alla.ah Abu Ab-ullaah Muha..a- bin Ah.a- bin Abi Ba7r bin Farh al Qurtubi Maali7i I+1A1K I>9# A1HK1 It co.)rises of # ,olu.es1

Tafseer uh al ]a+ani. 0he co.)lete na.e is +uh al Ma’ani fi 0afseer al Qur’aan al A-hi. /a 'ab’ ul Mathani1 4ritten by the fa.ous scholar of Bagh-a- Alla.ah 'ayye- Mah.u- Alusi Al Hanafi I+1A1K I# 9& A1HK1 It co.)rises of !& ,olu.es1 0his 0afseer is regar-e- as the su..ary of all the )re,ious 0afseers1 'hay7h ul Ha-ith Maulana ;ar/ali :han sai- that the author /rote it after stu-ying 6 &&& 0afseers1

The First ierses To /e evealed 0he first 8 ,erses of 'urah AlaO /ere re,eale- to +asulullaah I'1A141K first1 Accor-ing to Ha-hrat Ayesha ra-hiyallaahu anha it /as re,eale- on a Mon-ay /hen Habi I'1A141K /as 6& years ol-1 For three years re,elation sto))e- Ithis ti.e /as Fatrat ul 4ahiK1 0he first ,erse to be re,eale- after this /as of 'urah Mu--athir1 0herefore3 the narration of Ha-hrat Faabir I+1A1K states that the first ,erse to be re,eale- /as 'urah Mu--athir refers to that after the )erio- of Fatrat3 or it coul- .ean that the first co.)lete 'urah to be re,eale- /as 'urah Mu--athir because 'urah AlaO /as not re,eale- al at once1 #8 The ]ost jifficult ierse ^f The \ur+aan Alla.ah :ir.aani I+1A1K sai- that the scholars of 0afseer ha,e .entione- that the ,erse IzxR[j ‚TQ•ƒ YlRa„ `S…qY Q•SY QSK is the .ost -ifficult in ter.s of or-er3 .eaning an- structure1 Other scholars state that IZa†p Qmj ‡cˆQsK is the .ost -ifficult1 6%
#8LPlu. ul Qur’aan3 Maulana Muha..a- 0aOi )18%3 Ah/aal ul Musannifeen )1! N

The most difficult verse according to _adhrat 0yesha radhiyallaahu anha
)a-hrat Ayesha ra-hiyallaahu anha once as7e- +asulullaah I'1A141K that this

,erse is ,ery -ifficult (.e who does somethin$ bad will be compensated for it,1 +asulullaah I'1A141K console- her by saying that the obe-ience of a Musli. anthe -aily -ifficulty he goes /ill ser,e to /i)e out the rec7oning of .inor errors1 0 _aafi` of the \ur+aan in $ust * jays Alla.ah Abu Mun-hir Hisha. bin Muha..a- as 'a’ib :albi I+1A1K I &6 A1HK /as the .aster of the fiel- of lineage in his ti.e1 He has s)ecial e=)ertise in History1 0he historians ha,e .entione- his un.atche- /or7s in the fiel- of lineage an- history1 He says3 <I ha,e learnt in such a /ay that nobo-y has learnt an- ha,e ha,e forgotten in such a /ay that no one has forgotten1’ He says that .y uncle use- to al/ays scol- .e for not learning the Qur’aan1 One -ay3 I felt a great sense of self honour an- sat at ho.e1 I tol- .yself that I shall not co.e out of the house until I .e.orise the boo7 of Allaah1 (onseOuently3 I -i- not co.e out of the house for three -ays3 .e.orise- the Qur’aan anfulfille- .y oath1 6" Alla.ah As.a’i I+1A1K I #! A1HK also .e.orise- the Qur’aan in ! -ays an- it is fa.ous about hi. that he 7ne/ # &&& )oe.s Iof the zaJr ty)eK by .e.ory1 ?2 The affiliation of the scholars of "ndia with the \ur+aan 0he Musli.s an- scholars of In-ia are not far behin- others /hen it to attach.ent to the Qur’aan3 lo,e for it an- .e.orising it1 'ubseOuently3 Maulana Ghula. Ali Aazaa- Balgra.i /rites regar-ing Mir Muhib Balgra.i that he staye- in the u))er floor of his ho.e an- .e.orise- the Qur’aan in this ti.e an- he -i- not co.e -o/n throughout the si= .onths1 ]emorising the \ur+aan at a very young age History sho/s that Allaah blesse- so.e chil-ren /ith the bounty of .e.orising His boo7 at a ,ery young age1 'ubseOuently3 Alla.ah Ibraahee. bin 'a’ee- says that a chil- of four years /as brought in the court of :halifah Ma.un ar +ashi-1
#8LAl ItOaan ,ol1 )18&!N #@/-slaaf e 9iraam #e .a%rat -n$ez 9arname p.?<@ ?2/E# -alami +aari#h p.7>5@

0he chil- recite- the Qur’an an- /as also a/are of the rulings of 'hari’ah3 but /hen the chil- beca.e hungry it then crie- li7e other chil-ren1 I0he characteristics of a chil- /ere in hi.K1 Qaa-hi Abu Ab-ullaah bin Muha..a- Asbahaani I+1A1K sai- that I co.)lete.e.orising the Qur’aan /hen fi,e years ol-1 4hen I /as four3 then I use- to go to Alla.ah Abu Ba7r bin al MuOri to listen to Ha-ith1 'o.e )eo)le tol- .e to recite 'urah :aafiroon1 I -i- so1 0hen they as7e- .e to recite 'urah :authar1 I recite- as /ell1 'o.eone as7e- .e to recite 'urah Mursalaat1 I recite- it Ouic7ly /ithout any .ista7e1 Muha--ith Ibn al MuOri I+1A1K sai- that there is no )roble. /ith narrating Ha-ith fro. hi.3 I a. res)onsible1 8# ]emorising the \ur+aan at an old age Maulana Manazir Ahsan Gilaani I+1A1K has /ritten regar-ing Maulana Ab-ul Hay 5 teacher of Fa.i’a Pth.aniyyah Hay-ar Aabaa- Deccan3 gran-son of Maulana Ah.a- Ali 'aharan)uri I+1A1K an- -isci)le of Maulana Ashraf Ali 0han/i I+1A1K D that he began .e.orising the Qur’aan /hen he /as 8& years ol- an- one year after co.)leting3 he recite- in 0ara/eeh1 In the secon- year3 /hile reciting in 0ara/eeh3 he /as affecte- by a )lague an- )asse- a/ay a .artyr in the blesse- .onth of +a.a-haan1 8 The achievement of the founder of jar ul nlum 0he foun-er of Dar ul Plu. Deoban-3 Ha-hrat Maulana Muha..a- Qaasi. Hanot/i I+1A1K /as not a Haafiz -es)ite being the .aster scholar an- -ebater of his ti.e1 4hen lea,ing for HaJJ3 then the .oon for +a.a-haan /as sighte/hile they /ere aboar- the shi)1 0he tra,ellers /ante- to )erfor. 0ara/eeh but it so ha))ene- that there /as no Haafiz1 Maulana /as also not a Haafiz1 Ho/e,er3 u)on the insistence of the )eo)le3 he use- to learn one Juz -uring the -ay an- recite it in 0ara/eeh at night1 In this /ay3 he learnt an- recite- the entire Qur’aan1 8!

?1&-slaaf e 9iraam #e .a%rat -n$ez 9aar name p.323 from Muqaddamah Ibn 4alaah@ ?7/Bizaam e +a,lim wa +arbi%at vol.3 p.31, -slaaf e 9iraam #e .a%rat -n$ez 9aar name p.326@ ?3/4awanih 0aasimi of Maulana Muhammad Ya,qub Banotwi &D.-.'@

]aulana ]adani and ]aulana nthmani also learnt the \ur+aan at an old age Maulana 'habbier Ah.a- Pth.ani I+1A1K also learnt the Qur’an at an ol- age1 Maulana Husayn Ah.a- Ma-ani I+1A1K also .e.orise- the Qur’aan in Jail on the Islan- of Malta accor-ing to the ho)e of 'hay7h ul Hin- I+1A1K1 86 Four people completed the \ur+aan inside the oa+bah in a single rak+at Ha-hrat :haariJa bin Mus’ab I+1A1K narrates that four )eo)le co.)lete- the Qur’aan insi-e the :a’bah in a single ra7’at1 I#K Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K I K Ha-hrat 0a.i. Daari I+1A1K I!K Ha-hrat 'a’ee- bin Fubayr I+1A1K I6K I.a. Abu Hanifah I+1A1K D in +a.a-haan he use- to co.)lete the Qur’aan >& an- it is also )ro,en that he recite- the entire Qur’aan in a single ra7’at1 88

]emorisation of the \ur+aan in pq days 0he foun-er of Fa.i’a FaarooOiyya an- hea- of 4ifaaO ul Ma-aaris I#"%" to &&6K3 'hay7h ul Ha-ith Maulana 'ali. ullaah :han has /ritten in the intro-uction to :ashf ul Baari the inci-ent of his .e.orising the Qur’aan1 He says3 <During .y stu-ent -ays at Dar ul Plu. Deoban- I use- to co.e ho.e -uring the holi-ays1 I thought of .e.orising the Qur’aan1 I thought of .e.orising a Ouarter Juz e,ery -ay3 but /hen I sat -o/n to learn3 then instea- of a Ouarter3 I learnt half a Juz3 an entire Juz or one an- a half Juz1 One -ay3 I ha- the chance to learn t/o an- a half Juz1 0his -ifference /as -ue to a -ifference in .y /ell being1 In this /ay3 I learnt the entire Qur’aan in 9 -ays an- I recite- it in 0ara/eeh at the sa.e ti.e1 0his is the bounty of Allaah3 He grants it to /hoe,er He /ants1 8> ]emorisation of the \ur+aan in one month It is /ritten regar-ing 'hay7h Izz u- Deen bin Fa.a’ah ash 'hafi’i I%#" A1HK that he /as a .aster in !& fiel-s of 7no/le-ge1 'o.e of these /ere such that the scholars of his ti.e -i- not e,en 7no/ the of the.1 He ne,er e=)laine- a
?#/-slaaf e 9iraam #e .a%rat -n$ez 9aar name p.32>@ ??/+adh#iratun Bu,maan p.3;7, 3<1@ ?1/9ashf ul Eaari vol.7 p.55@

Ha-ith /ithout /u-hu1 0he author of 'ha-haraat /rote that he .e.orise- the Qur’aan in one .onth1 89 The first complete ,urah to be revealed 0he first 'urah of the Qur’aan to be re,eale- in co.)lete for. /as 'urah Faatiha1 ?8 0 few rare historical facts regarding the \ur+aan • In +a.a-haan #& A1H a ne/ /as gi,en to the ,erses an- 'urahs an- the Quraysh -ialect1 •

+e,elation ca.e to an en- in ## A1H1

0he Qur’aan /as co.)ile- in co.)lete for. in the era of Ha-hrat Abu Ba7r I+1A1K in # A1H1 8" • 0he )ractice of reciting the entire Qur’aan in 0ara/eeh began in #8 A1H3 in the era of Ha-hrat I+1A1K1

In % A1H3 in the ti.e of Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K3 si= scri)ts /ere abrogate- an- the )eo)le agree- u)on the scri)t of the Quraysh an- the co)ies of the Qur’aan /ere )re)are- in the Quraysh scri)t1 Ho/e,er3 Maulana Hanif Gangohi I+1A1K /rites that the gathering of the Qur’aan in the ti.e of Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K too7 )lace fro. 8 to !& A1H1 >& • In the ti.e of Ha-hrat Ali I+1A1K3 Abul As/a- Du’ali 0abi’i )lace- the -iacritical .ar7s on the last letters of each /or- in or-er to ensure correct )ronunciation1 • In 98 A1H3 HaJJaaJ bin Musuf reOueste- Hasr bin Aasi.3 Mahya3 :halil bin Ah.a- an- others to )lace the -iacritical .ar7s an- -ots /hich is )resent to this -ay1

?8/-slaaf #e .a%rat -n$ez #aar name p.;;, 4hadharaat ut hahab vol.3 p.7<;@ ?8/+aqrir .aawi commentar% of Ea%dawi p.33@ ?@/E# -alami +aari#h p.6<@ 12/Ibid p.61, -hwaal ul Musannifeen p.<<, <1@

In 98 A1H the Qur’aan /as s)lit into !& Juz3 Ouarters3 hal,es3 three Ouarters3 etc1 ># The distribution of verses in one glance #1 1 !1 61 81 >1 91 %1 "1 #&1 #&&& ,erses constitute )ro.ises #&&& ,erses constitute /arnings #&&& ,erses constitute #&&& ,erses constitute )rohibitions #&&& ,erses constitute si.iles #&&& ,erses relate stories 8& ,erses e=)lain that /hich is forbi--en 8& ,erses e=)lain that /hich is )er.issible #&& ,erses glorify Allaah >> ,erses -iscuss .iscellaneous issues 0otal2 >>>> > jifferent counts in the \ur+aan ##6 'urahs 88% +u7us #6 'aJ-ah ,erses3 so.e say #83 the latter -ay scholars say #% # 8! 0ash-ee-s #99# Ma--s #&8>%6 Dots %%&6 !"8% :asras 8! 6! Fathas
11/E# -alami +aari#h p.61@ 17/Ibid p.65@

>>>> ,erses Ithe fa.ous ,ie/K ! !>9# letters 99 99 /or-s3 so.e say 996!93 others say 99"!!3 an- others say %>6 & 5 this -ifference is -ue to -ifference in )ronunciation an- /riting for.1 >! kounts of alphabets in order 6%%9 Alif ##6 % Baa ##"" 0aa # 9> 0haa ! 9! Fee. "9! Haa 6#> :haa 8>6 Daal 6>"9 Dhaal ##9"! +aa #8"& ;aa 8%"# 'een 8! 'heen &#! 'aa#>&9 Dhaa# 96 0aa %6 0haa " & <Ayn &% Ghayn %6"" Faa
13/Ibid p.61, 65@

The first and last ,urah to be revealed in ]akkah 0he first fe/ ,erses of 'urah <AlaO /ere the first to be re,eale- in Ma77ah anthe last 'urah to be re,eale- in Ma77ah /as 'urah Mu’.inun an- so.e say 'urah An7abut1 >6 _ow many ,urahs were revealed in ]akkah and how many in ]adinah# It is narrate- fro. Ha-hrat Ibn Abbas I+1A1K that he as7e- Ha-hrat Pbayy bin :a’b I+1A1K regar-ing the )ortions of the Qur’aan that /ere re,eale- in Ma-inah1 _e said that only pq ,urahs were revealed in ]adinah and the rest of the ,urahs in ]akkah. lr The first _aafi` among the ,ahabah 0he 0hir- :halifah3 Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K ha- the great fortune of the first Haafiz of the Qur’aan1 >>

The First evelation Ha-hrat Fibreel IA1'1K ca.e first to +asulullaah I'1A141K /hile the latter /as in the ca,e of Hira /ith the first fe/ ,erses of 'urah AlaO3 then 'urah Mu--athir3 then 'urah Faatiha an- then 'urah Mutaffiffeen1 >9 The sast evelation In accor-ance to a Ha-ith of Bu7hari an- Musli.3 Ha-hrat Baraa’ bin Aazib I+1A1K narrates that the last ,erse to be re,eale- /as ,erse #%> of 'urah Hisaa’1 Accor-ing to the narration of Ha-hrat Ibn Abbaas I+1A1K in Hasa’i3 ,erse %# of 'urah BaOarah /as the last to be re,eale-1 In a narration of Musli. by Ha-hrat Ibn Abbaas I+1A1K3 the last 'urah to be re,eale- /as 'urah Hasr1
1#/-l Itqaan vol.7 p.5;@ 1?/Ibid vol.7 p.7>@ 11/9hazina, Ma,lumaat e -alam@ 18/"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan p.7><@

All these narrations are )ro,en authentically but the -ifference that is seen is -ue to the 7no/le-ge of the narrator1 Accor-ing to Ha-hrat Ibn Abbaas I+1A1K3 the last co.)lete 'urah to be re,eale/as 'urah Hasr an- the last ,erse to be re,eale- /as ,erse %# of 'urah BaOarah1 <0his -ay I ha,e co.)lete- your religion for you’ in 'urah Maa’i-ah /as re,eale- on the -ay of Fu.u’ah in Arafah -uring the fare/ell HaJJ1 LBu7hariN The First ]adani ,urah
Haa7i. an- others ha,e narrate- in fa.ous Aha-ith that the first Ma-ani 'urah re,eale- /as 'urah Anfaal1 >%

_ow ]any 0ngels 0re 'amed "n The \ur+aan# Alla.ah Falal u- Deen 'uyuti I+1A1K has counte- ## angels3 #1 1 !1 61 81 >1 91 %1 "1 #&1

Fibreel IA1'1K Mi7aa’eel IA1'1K Harut Marut Ar +a’BarO Maali7 'iJill Qa’eeDhul Qarnayn +uh >"

18/Ibid@ 1@/Itqaan vol.3 p.1<2F1<7@

_ow many men of the previous nations are mentioned by name in the \ur+aan# 0he follo/ing )eo)le are .entione- by na.e2 #1 1 !1 61 81 >1

I.raan Pzayr 0ubba’ $uO.aan Musuf Ma’Oub 0uOa 9&

_ow many women are mentioned by name in the \ur+aan# Only one /o.an3 Ha-hrat Marya. ra-hiyallaahu anha is .entione- by na.e in the Qur’aan1 0he .eaning of Marya. in Ara.aic is ser,ant1 Ho other na.e besi-es this is .entione- in the Qur’aan1 Accor-ing to one ,ie/3 the /or- Ba’l /as the na.e of a / /ho. .any use- to /orshi)1 9# _ow many disbelievers have been named in the \ur+aan# 0he follo/ing -isbelie,ers ha,e been .entione- by na.e in the Qur’aan3 #1 1 !1 61 81

Qarun Falut Haa.aan Bushra Aazar An Hasi’u 9

82/Ibid@ 81/Ibid vol.3 p.1<3@ 87/Itqaan vol.3 p.1<3@

_ow many &innaat are named in the \ur+aan# 0he forefather of the Finnaat3 Iblees3 is na.e- in the Qur’aan1 His na.e /as first <Azaazeel1 Accor-ing to so.e3 his na.e /as Haarith1 0he .eaning of Iblees is -es)air3 i1e1 Allaah .a-e hi. -es)on-ent of e,ery goo-1 9! _ow many tribes are mentioned in the \ur+aan# 0he follo/ing tribes ha,e been na.e- in the Qur’aan3 #1 1 !1 61 81 >1 91 MaJuJ MaJuJ Aa0ha.uMa-yan Quraysh +u.

%1 0he of those attribute- to other na.es3 I#K the nation of Huh I K the nation of $ut I!K the nation of 0ubba’ I6K the nation of Ibraahee. I8K the )eo)le of Ay7a1 It is sai- that the )eo)le of Ay7a are the )eo)le of Ma-yan an- the )eo)le of +ass are those left fro. the nation of 0ha.u-1 96 _ow many idols have been mentioned by name in the \ur+aan# 0he follo/ing i-ols ha,e been .entione- in the Qur’aan /hich /ere the of )eo)le3 #1 1 !1 61 4a-'u/aa’ Maghuth Hasr1 0hese /ere the i-ols of the nation of Huh IA1'1K1

83/Ibid vol.3 p.1<<@ 8#/Ibid vol.3 p.1<<@

0he i-ols of the Quraysh /ere 2 #1 1 !1 61 $aat Pzza Manaat Ar +aJz

Fibt an- 0aghut are also of i-ols1 Ba’l is sai- to be the i-ol of the nation of Ilyaas IA1'1K1 98 0 brief distribution of the ,urahs 0here are 9 ty)es of 'urahs in the Qur’aan3

Tiwaal. 0hese are fro. 'urah BaOarah till the 'urahs that total about #&& ]a+een. 0hose 'urahs /hose ,erses nu.ber about #&&1 ]athaani. 0hose that are less than #&& ,erses1

7; 3; #; ?; 1; 8;

]ufassal. 0hose 'urahs in bet/een the. 0as.iyyah a))ears in abun-ance1 Tiwaal e ]ufassal1 Fro. 'urah HuJuraat to 'urah BurooJ1 0wsaat e ]ufassal. Fro. 'urah BurooJ to 'urah Bayyinah1 \isaar e ]ufassal. Fro. 'urah Bayyinah to 'urah Haas1 9>

The ukus in the \ur+aan One .aJor -istribution of ,erses in the 'urahs is that of +u7us1 Mostly3 in the large 'urahs3 the +u7us co.)rise of #& ,erses1 0his is an a.ount that can easily be recite- in a ra7’at1 Besi-es 'urah Faatiha3 e,ery 'urah in the !&th Juz is a +u7u on its o/n1 0he total nu.ber of +u7us is 88%1 99

8?/Ibid vol.3 p.1<1@ 81/Maraaqi al "alaah p.711@ 88/"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan p.512@

Which was the last verse and ,urah to be revealed in the \ur+aan# 0here is -ifference of o)inion as to /hich /as the last )ortion of the Qur’aan that /as re,eale-1 Bu7hari an- Musli. narrate fro. Ha-hrat Baraa’ bin Aazib I+1A1K that the last ,erse to be re,eale- /as 2 IŽqVxqY ts zx[^‰S ŠY u‹ Œ h•l^‰^€SK an- the last 'urah to be re,eale- /as 'urah Bara’ah1 In Bu7hari it is narrate- fro. Ibn Abbaas I+1A1K that the last ,erse to be re,eale/as the ,erse )ertaining to interest1 In Hasa’i3 Ha-hrat I7ra.ah I+1A1K narrates fro. Ha-hrat Ibn Abbaas I+1A1K that the last ,erse to be re,eale- /as I•[s klo}Zp QalS Yl•pYbK because after the re,elation of this ,erse3 only %# or % -ays )asse- an- then Habi I'1A141K )asse- a/ay1 9% Hote2 a))arently3 there is -ifference of o)inion as to /hich /as the last ,erse to be re,eale-3 but in reality there is no -ifference because /hen stu-ying these ,erses3 all three /ere re,eale- regar-ing the sa.e inci-ent1 0herefore3 e,ery narrator sai- that one of the. /as the last to be re,eale-1 0here is no )roble. in stating this1 Accor-ing to one re)ort3 the last ,erse to be re,eale- /as Iz[”oqY •ZoqY y’ l|b111111zx€‰•Y `a ‘lW’ zx“Q} c•qK1 Another narration states that it /as I•[qY t–l• X— ‘lW’ `a hn_‹ `a QRnW’Y QabK1 9" searn the \ur+aan from four people It is narrate- fro. Ha-hrat Ab-ullaah bin A.r I+1A1K in Bu7hari that he hear+asulullaah I'1A141K saying3 ˜$earn the Qur’aan fro. four )eo)le1 Ab-ullaah bin Mas’u-3 'aali. bin Ma’Oil3 Mu’aa-h bin Fabal an- Pbayy bin :a’b1™ 0/o of these four IAb-ullaah bin Mas’u- I+1A1K an- 'aali. I+1A1KK /ere e.igrants an- the other t/o IMu’aa-h I+1A1K an- Pbayy I+1A1KK /ere fro. the Ansaar1 'aali. bin Ma’Oil I+1A1K /as the free- sla,e of Abu Hu-hayfah I+1A1K1 %&
88/Itqaan vol.7 p.61@ 8@/Itqaan vol.7 p.65, 66@

There were seven famous teachers of the \ur+aan amongst the ,ahabah ( .0.) 0here /ere se,en 'ahabah /ho /ere fa.ous for teaching the Qur’aan3 #1 1 !1 61 81 >1

Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K Ha-hrat Ali I+1A1K Ha-hrat Pbayy bin :a’b I+1A1K Ha-hrat ;ay- bin 0haabit I+1A1K Ha-hrat Ab-ullaah bin Mas’u- I+1A1K Ha-hrat Abu Dar-aa’ I+1A1K Ha-hrat Abu Musa Ash’ari I+1A1K %#

0ll the 0mbiyaa+ got revelation in 0rabic 'ufyaan 0hauri I+1A1K says that there /as no re,elation that -escen-e- in another language besi-es Arabic1 E,ery Habi then translate- the re,elation into the language of their nation1 %

There were always four protecting angels that brought the revelation with _adhrat &ibreel (0.,.) Ha-hrat 'a’ee- bin Fubayr I+1A1K narrates that Fibreel IA1'1K -i- not -escen/ith the Qur’aan to +asulullaah I'1A141K e=ce)t that four )rotecting angels ca.e /ith hi.1 It is narrate- fro. Ibn Fareer an- Dahhaa7 that /hene,er the angel carrying re,elation /as sent to +asulullaah I'1A141K3 then a nu.ber of other angels /ere sent /ith hi. in or-er to )rotect the carrier of re,elation fro. the right an- left3 fro. on to) an- fro. belo/ so that 'haytaan -oes not a-o)t the for. of an angel an- co.e to +asulullaah I'1A141K1 It is )ro,en fro. these

82/Ibid@ 81/Ibid vol.7 p.7?1@ 87/Itqaan vol.7 p.77<@

narrations that no ,erse of the Qur’aan ca.e -o/n e=ce)t that it /as )rotecte-1

The number of copies of the \ur+aan prepared by _adhrat nthmaan ( .0.) 0here is -ifference of o)inion regar-ing the nu.ber of co)ies that Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K )re)are- an- sent to e,ery )art of the Islaa.ic /orl-1 0he fa.ous ,ie/ is that they totalle- 81 Ibn Abi Da/u- narrates that Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K sent 6 co)ies to the Islaa.ic countries1 Ibn Abi Da/u- e=)lains that he hear- fro. Abu Haati. 'iJistaani that 9 co)ies of the Qur’aan /ere )re)are-1 One /as sent to Ma77ah3 one to 'haa.3 one to Me.en3 one to Bahrain3 one to Basrah3 one to :ufah anhe 7e)t one co)y )rotecte- in Ma-inah1 %6 0 verse that has the letter ]eem ** times in it 0here is a ,erse that has the letter Mee. !! in it1 It is ,erse % of 'urah BaOarah1 0 ,urah that has the word 0llaah in every verse 0here is a 'urah of ,erses1 An- e,ery ,erse has the /or- Allaah in it3 totalling 6& ti.es1 It is 'urah MuJaa-alah1 %8 [m nnitue aspects of the \ur+aan #1 1 !1 61 0he lea-er of all the ,erses of the Qur’aan is Aayatul :ursi1 0he ,erse that a))ears the .ost in the Qur’aan is 0as.iyyah1 0he shortest /or- in the Qur’aan is the Baa of Faarra1 šerse % has the 7aaf in it ! ti.es1

81 One ,erse in 'urah 'aba’ has % /or-s in a ro/ that all ha,e tan/een of 7asrah1
83/Itqaan vol.7 p.;1@ 8#/Itqaan vol.7 p.757@ 8?/"adhaa,il e 0ur,aan@

>1 0here is a 'urah of .ore than #&& ,erses3 )recisely ###1 In not one of the. is there .ention of Fannah an- Fahanna.1 It is 'urah Musuf1 91 šerse 6% of 'urah Hu- has the letter .ee. #> in it1 %1 0he longest 'urah in the Qur’aan is 'urah BaOarah an- the shortest is 'urah :authar1 0he co..entator of the Qur’aan3 MuJaahi- I+1A1K /as as7e- as to ho/ .any -oes the /or-s IY’bZ\XYK co.e in the Qur’aan1 He sai- four ti.es3 in 'urah Hisaa’3 in 'urah Israa’3 in 'urah Ahzaab3 in 'urah Faatir1

I.a. :isa’i I+1A1K /as as7e- as to ho/ .any -oes the sentence Iz[ng z[x–K co.e in the Qur’aan1 He sai- fi,e ti.es3 three in 'urah An’aa.3 once in 'urah HiJr an- once in 'urah Hahl1

I.a. :isa’i I+1A1K /as as7e- as to ho/ .any ,erses in the Qur’aan begin /ith the letter sheen1 He sai- four 2 Z•ƒ `ScqY `a zxq ‡Zƒ 3111•mo•• YZvQƒ 3 111•q— X ••œ ŠY c•ƒ 3 111›…qY kQfa’

I.a. :isa’i I+1A1K /as as7e- as to ho/ .any ,erses in the Qur’aan en/ith the letter sheen1 He sai- t/o1 IžSZ‹ ŸVSX 3 •l‰RmqY `•oqQvK1

#!1 Fro. ,erse 8% to ,erse >8 of 'urah HaJJ .entione- /ith the na.e of Allaah1

Oualities of Allaah are

#61 0he shortest ,erse in the Qur’aan is ,erse # of 'urah Duhaa’ an- then the first ,erse of 'urah FaJr1 0here are t/o ,erses in the Qur’aan that ha,e % letters in a ro/ that ha,e a har7at on it1 Both are in 'urah Musuf1 IQ_vlv Zdg c–Y {Sœ’ t•YKD e=ce)t the yaa an- /aa/3 Itq ŠY zx•S bœ tjY tq k rSKD /ith the Oira’ah of fatha on yaa of ItqK1
1?; 11;

šerse !8 of 'urah Qasas has ## letters in a ro/ that ha,e a har7at Ih[iQj ecfg cdRWK1

#91 0he shortest 'urah in the Qur’aan I'urah :autharK has no .ee.3 an'urah Feel has nine .ee.s1 #%1

0he /or- Qul !! in the Qur’aan1

0he /or- +ahee. ##6 in the Qur’aan an- the /or+ah.aan 89 ti.es1 Ho/e,er3 Alla.ah 'ayye- ' Ha-/i I+1A1K /rites that fro. the usage of the /or- <Qur’aan’ /e learn that the /or-

+ah.aan is not use- as a Ouality3 it is use- as a )ro)er noun1 In this case3 this na.e is use- 8! for Allaah1 %> &1 In the Qur’aan there are !> 'urahs that are a +u7u’ on its o/n1 'urah Faatiha an- fro. 'urah Abasa to 'urah Haas1

'urah BaOarah has 6& +u7us1 0here is no 'urah that has .ore +u7us1 %9

1 0here is one 'urah in the Qur’aan /hose e,ery ,erse en-s /ith a noon3 it is 'urah MunafiOoon1 !1 61

0here is a 'urah /hose e,ery ,erse en-s /ith an alif3 it is 'urah 'ha.s1 0here is a 'urah /hose e,ery ,erse en-s /ith a yaa3 it is 'urah $ayl1 0here is a 'urah /hose e,ery ,erse en-s /ith a -aal3 it is 'urah I7hlaas1 0here is a 'urah /hose e,ery ,erse en-s /ith a seen3 it is 'urah Haas1


91 0here is a 'urah /hose last letter of e,ery ,erse en-s /ith a 7asrah3 it is 'urah Haas1 %1 0here is a 'urah /hose e,ery ,erse has the /or- Allaah in it3 it is 'urah MuJaa-alah1

Only one ,erse in the Qur’aan begins /ith a thaa I¡K3 ,erse 6# of 'urah 0here is only one 'urah that finishes /ith a -u’aa3 it is 'urah BaOarah1 %%

32; 31;

0en 'urahs begin /ith I`S…qY Q•SY QSK3 Hisaa’3 Maa’i-ah3 HaJJ3 Ahzaab3 HuJuraat3 Mu.tahinah3 0alaaO3 0ahree.3 Muza..il3 Mu--athir1 ! 1 'e,en 'urahs begin /ith <Haa Mee.’ 2 Mu’.in3 Haa Mee. 'aJ-ah3 'hura3 ;u7hruf3 Du7haan3 Faathiyah3 AhOaaf1 !!1 'i= 'urahs begin /ith ¢Alif $aa. Mee.¢ 2 BaOarah3 An7aboot3 +oo.3 $uO.aan3 Alif $aa. Mee. 'aJ-ah1 !61 Fi,e 'urahs begin /ith <Alha.-ilillaah’2 Faatiha3 An’aa.3 :ahf3 'aba’3 Faatir1
81/+aari#h ard ul 0ur,aan vol.3 p.133@ 88/-dapted from 9anz ul 0ur,aan and monthl% .aq Bawae Ihtishaam, Muharram 7136@ 88/Monthl% .aq Bawae Ihtishaam 3< ecember 3221@

!81 HiJr1

Fi,e 'urahs begin /ith ¢Alif $aa. +aa¢ 2 Munus3 Hu-3 Musuf3 Ibraahee.3 Fi,e 'urahs begin /ith the /or- <Qul’3 Finn3 :aafiroon3 I7hlaas3 FalaO3


!91 0he largest 0afseer is <Ha-aa’iO Dhaat a BahJa’1 It is fi,e hun-re,olu.es1 0he 0afseer of 'urah Faatiha alone is t/enty fi,e ,olu.es1 It is )resent in a library of Ma77ah1 !%1 0he first Pr-u translation of the Qur’aan /as -one by 'hah Ab-ul Qaa-ir Dehla/i I+1A1K I# !& A1H3 corres)on-ing to #%#9 (1E1K !"1 0he first Persian translation of the Qur’aan /as -one by Ha-hrat 'al.aan Faarsi I+1A1K1 He translate- 'urah Faatiha for the Iranians1 6&1 0he /or-s Harut an- Marut only a))ear in one ,erse of the Qur’aan1 L'urah BaOarah3 ,erse #& N The words (?@K< ?K uv) 0he /or-s IQ•SY QS u‹K only a))ear thrice in the Qur’aan 2 ItRST `a hƒ ts z^Rv k— £QRqY Q•SY QS u‹K 'urah Munus3 ,erse #&63

Iz^mg¤ k— YbTQ| `S…qY Q•SY QS u‹K 'urah Fu.u’ah3 ,erse >3

IkbZ‰xqY Q•SY QS u‹K 'urah :aaforoon3 ,erse #1 "&

8@/-dapted from 9anz ul 0ur,aan bu 0aari Mushtaaq Eala#oti and Monthl% .aq Bawa e Ihtishaam,
4afar 7136@

@2/"adhaa,il .ifz e 0ur,aan@

0 verse that encompasses all the laws of ,hari+ah 'o.e scholars ha,e state- that the .ost co.)rehensi,e ,erse is ,erse !# of 'urah A’raaf because it has a a )rohibition3 )er.issibility aninfor.ation1 "# The laws of the \ur+aan according to those who pass Fatwa

It is Ma7ruh for a Haafiz to co.)lete the Qur’aan in three or four )laces si.ultaneously -uring +a.a-haan because once this )erson has )erfor.e0ara/eeh3 then the secon- ti.e /ill be nafl an- the follo/ers behin- hi. /ill be ) 'unnah .a7ing the status of his 'alaah /ea7er1 Due to this it is Ma7ruh1 "
• • • • •

It is .ore ,irtuous for the )erson reciting the Qur’aan in the MasJi- to re)ly to the Azaan /hen the Azaan is calle- out1 "! It is )er.issible to 7iss the Qur’aan before an- after 0ilaa/ah1 "6

0here is no )er.ission to rely u)on the 7no/le-ge of nu.bers regar-ing the Qur’aan an- Ha-ith1 "8 It is Ma7ruh to /rite a ,erse of the Qur’aan on a .onogra.1 ">

0he ruling regar-ing ta7ing an o.en fro. the Qur’aan accor-ing to the research scholars is that it is not )er.issible1 If a )erson has con,iction in it3 then accor-ing to all the scholars it is not )er.issible1 "9

@1/Ibid from Mutari# al -qraan@ @7/Imdaad ul -h#aam vol.7 p.637@ @3/Ibid@ @#/"ataawa .abibi%%ah vol.3 p.7?3@ @?/-ap #e Masa,il aur un #a .al vol.> p.35@ @1/Imdaad ul "ataawa vol.1 p.6<@ @8/Ibid vol.1 p.5;@

• • •

It is co.)ulsory to listen to the Qur’aan /hile in 'alaah an- Mustahab out of 'alaah1 "% If the Qur’aan falls fro. a high )lace for so.e reason3 then it is not necessary to gi,e anything1 "" 0here is -ifference of o)inion regar-ing burning the ne/s)a)ers in /hich ,erses of the Qur’aan /ere )rinte-1 0here is sco)e to -o it3 but there is .ore caution in not -oing it1 If a )erson is not going to -o it3 then he shoul- collect the unuse- )a)ers an- bury it1 If it is burne-3 then -ue to the reality of it changing into ash3 it /ill not be necessary to honour it3 but it shoul- be burne- in a se)arate container an- the ashes shoul- be )lace- in a ri,er or strea. for it /ill be closest to res)ect1 #&&
• • • •

If a co,ering of )ure sil7 is .a-e for the Qur’aan3 then it /ill be )er.issible for .en an- /o.en to recite fro. this Qur’aan1 #&# 0he )erson /ho -oes not belie,e in the Qur’aan or s/ears it3 is a -isbelie,er an- renega-e1 #& Muha..a- Ba7sh says that the Qur’aan an- MasJi- -oes not 7no/ anything1 0his state.ent /ill .a7e hi. a renega-e1 #&! If so.eone says ˜I -o not belie,e in the Qur’aan an- Ha-ith3™ he a -isbelie,er1 #&6

@8/Ibid@ @@/Ibid vol.1 p.62@ 122/Ibid vol.1 p.56@ 121/Ibid@ 127/"ataawa ar ul :lum eoband vol.? p.<;?@ 123/Ibid vol.? p.<>>@ 12#/Ibid vol.? p.<>1@

• •

It is Ma7ruh to lengthen the Qira’ah an- +u7u in 'alaah for so.eone that is co.ing1 #&8 It is Ma7ruh to recite a 'urah fro. the Qisaar e Mufassal3 lea,e one anrecite the one i..e-iately after that1 'i.ilarly3 it is Ma7ruh to recite 'urah Quraysh an- then 'urah Feel1 0his ruling a))lies to the obligatory 'alaah1 In Ha/aafil a )erson can rea- in any or-er1 #&>

It is Mustahab for the )erson reciting Qur’aan an- hears the Azaan to re)ly to the Azaan1 If he sto)s his recitation3 closes the Qur’aan an- ans/ers the Azaan it is better1 0here is no sin if he carries on reciting the Qur’aan an- -oes not re)ly1 #&9
• • • •

If a )erson is reciting Qur’aan or Duroo- 'harif3 then it is better to sto) the recitation or Duroo- an- re)ly to the Azaan1 #&% It is Mustahab to lea,e recitation of the Qur’aan at the ti.e of Azaan1 #&"

0he /arning regar-ing forgetting the Qur’aan a))lies to /hen a )erson is not e,en able to loo7 insi-e an- recite the Qur’aan1 ##& 0o /rite the Pr-u or any other translation of the Qur’aan /ithout the Arabic or to )rint it is )rohibite-1 In Al ItOaan3 the consensus of the four I.a.s in this regar- is .entione-1 4e also learn that it is not )er.issible to buy or sell such a translation1 ###

12?/Ibid vol.1 p.775@ 121/Ibid vol.3 p.37?@ 128/Ibid vol.3 p.;<@ 128/Ibid vol.3 p.;5@ 12@/-hsan ul "ataawa vol.3 p.3??@ 112/"ataawa Mahmudi%%ah vol.7 p.<7@ 111/"ataawa Mahmudi%%a vol.7 p.32@

It is -isbelief to reJect the a))arent .eaning of the Qur’aan1 Ho/e,er3 to acce)t the a))arent .eaning an- -el,e into the hi--en .eanings is the /or7 of the great scholars1 ##

0he letters u)on /hich the )ur)ort of the Qur’aan is /ritten shoul- be burie- or )ut into flo/ing /ater or Iit coul- beK burne-1 If a Qur’aan has beco.e ol- an- illegible3 then it shoul- be )lace- in a clean cloth an- burie-1 0his is best1 ##!
• • •

0o recite Qur’aan at ,i-eo centres is a .oc7ery of Deen1 ##6

Accor-ing to so.e scholars3 it is )er.issible to /rite 0as.iyyah on the forehea- of the -ecease- an- the :ali.ah on the chest1 ##8 If a Qur’aan is han-/ritten3 then it is best that it shoul- be soa7e- in /ater an- then the )ages be burie-1 0he /ater in /hich it /as /ashe- shoul- be -run7 because it is a cure for all illnesses an- a cure for sic7nesses of the heart1

• •

4hoe,er is rea-ing Qur’aan on his o/n3 it is not co.)ulsory to listen an- it is better for the house fol7 that they recite softly1 ##9 If a )erson goes into 'aJ-ah saying 0a7beer an- recites 0asbeeh thrice therein an- then says 0a7beer an- rises3 this /ill be counte- as 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah1 If a )erson goes into 'aJ-ah fro. the stan-ing )osition3 it is .ore ,irtuous1 It is also )er.issible if he -oes it fro. the sitting )osition1 0here is no nee- for 0a7beer 0ahree.a or 'alaa.1 ##%
117/+a,leem ud een p.712@ 113/"ataawa Mahmudi%%a vol.7 p.7>@ 11#/-ap #e Masa,il aur un #a .al vol.? p.3><@ 11?/"ataawa .abibi%%ah vol.7 p.73;@ 111/"ataawa Dahimi%%a vol.7 p.?1@ 118/-ap #e Masa,il aur un #a .al vol.< p.7>3@ 118/Ibid vol.< p.?<@

If a )erson rea- a ,erse of 'aJ-ah in 'alaah3 then the 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah /ill be -one by .a7ing +u7u’ or 'aJ-ah1 Ho/e,er3 if he recites after the ,erse of 'aJ-ah3 then he shoul- first .a7e the 'aJ-ah of 0ilaa/ah3 then stan- anrecite further1 ##"

Accor-ing to Hanafi fiOh3 'aJ-ah of 0ilaa/ah is )er.issible after FaJr an- Asr1 Ho/e,er3 it is not )er.issible an- forbi--en to )erfor. it e=actly at the ti.e of sunrise or sunset1 # &

If )eo)le out of 'alaah hear- a 'aJ-ah ,erse being recite- by so.eone in 'alaah3 then 'aJ-ah co.)ulsory u)on the.1 If they hear- fro. a lou-s)ea7er an- they co.e to 7no/ that this /as a ,erse of 'aJ-ah3 then also 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah /ill be co.)ulsory u)on the.1 # #
• • •

It is Haraa. an- sinful to ta7e an o.en fro. the Qur’aan1 It is incorrect to ta7e that o.en as the of Allaah1 # 'aJ-ah -oes not beco.e co.)ulsory if a )erson /rites a ,erse of 'aJ-ah1
# !

'aJ-ah -oes not beco.e co.)ulsory by hearing it fro. a ta)e recor-er3 if a )erson hears it fro. a lou-s)ea7er -irectly fro. the reciter3 then only /ill it beco.e co.)ulsory1 # 6

If a chil- is of un-erstan-ing age an- he recites a ,erse of 'aJ-ah3 then 'aJ-ah co.)ulsory u)on the listener1 It /ill not beco.e co.)ulsory if the reciter is a s.all chil-1 # 8
11@/Ibid vol.< p.?1, ?5@ 172/Ibid vol.< p.?5@ 171/Ibid vol.< p.?>@ 177/Ibid vol.7 p.<6<@ 173/-hsan ul "ataawa vol.1 p.61@ 17#/Ibid vol.1 p.65@ 17?/Ibid vol.1 p.63@

If a )erson re)eats 'urah Faatiha in 'alaah3 then 'aJ-ah 'ah/a co.)ulsory an- if a )erson lea,es out a single letter of 'urah Faatiha3 then also 'aJ-ah 'ah/a co.)ulsory1 # >
• •

It is .ost ,irtuous to sto) on e,ery ,erse of 'urah Faatiha1 # 9

Accor-ing to the latter -ay scholars3 a .ista7e in the -iacritical .ar7 of the Qur’aan /ill not ren-er the 'alaah null an- ,oi-3 but it is a great sin to recite the Qur’aan incorrectly /ithout ta7ing care of reciting )ro)erly1 0he )erson /ho -oes not stri,e to correct his recitation3 his 'alaah /ill not be -one1 # %
• •

A .enstruating / can recite a s.all ,erse3 one that co.)rises of less than > letters1 It /ill not be )er.issible if there are .ore letters1 # " If a -isbelie,er recites the Qur’aan or he teaches it to another )erson3 then this -isbelie,er -oes not beco.e a Musli. by this I/hen he -oes not testify to the :ali.aK1 #!&
• • •

It is forbi--en an- -isli7e- to ta7e an o.en fro. the Qur’aan1 #!#

It is Ma7ruh to recite the Qur’aan /hile ) 0a/aaf1 At that ti.e3 it is Masnoon to recite the Masnoon Du’aas1 #! It is Mustahab to recite u)on the co.)letion of the Qur’aan Iafter Mu’a//a-hataynK 'urah BaOarah until the /or- <Muflihoon’1 #!!

171/Ibid vol.1 p.<3@ 178/Ibid vol.< p.?3@ 178/Ibid vol.< p.6;@ 17@/Ibid vol.3 p.6>@ 132/Baf, ul Mufti was 4aa,il p.<1>@ 131/Ibid p.<1>@ 137/Ibid p.<51@ 133/Ibid p.<55@

• •

If a )erson hears a ,erse of 'aJ-ah fro. a -isbelie,er3 then it co.)ulsory u)on the listener to .a7e 'aJ-ah1 #!6 Accor-ing to so.e scholars3 the /or-s 2 IQRj’ cgb kQv kY QRj’ kQ•_W Xlo‰mqK shoul- be recite- in the 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah1 Ho/e,er3 the .ost authentic ,ie/ is that the 0asbeeh that is recite- in the 'aJ-ah of 'alaah is the one that shoul- be recite-1 #!8
• • • •

It is necessary to recite 0a7beer at the beginning an- the en- of 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah1 #!> If a )erson recite- the ,erse of 'aJ-ah3 but he -i- not recite the s)ecific /or- of 'aJ-ah3 then 'aJ-ah -oes not beco.e co.)ulsory u)on hi.1 #!9 After the I.a. begins reciting the Qira’ah3 the MuOta-i shoul- not recite 0hanaa’1 #!% If a )erson recite- a ,erse of 'aJ-ah in 'alaah an- he -i- not i..e-iately re.e.ber3 but he recite- ! ,erses an- then re.e.bere- an- .a-e 'aJ-ah of 0ilaa/ah then 'aJ-ah 'ah/a is not co.)ulsory on hi.1 If he recite- .ore than ! ,erses3 then 'aJ-ah 'ah/a /ill beco.e co.)ulsory1 #!"

It is also )er.issible to bury the )ages of the Qur’aan in a )rotecte)lace1 Ho/e,er3 it is better to burn it no/a-ays because it is not easy to finsuch a )rotecte- )lace1 #6&

Aayatul :ursi begins fro. I•qY X ŠYK to Iz[”oqY tnoqY l|bK1 #6#

13#/Ibid p.<56@ 13?/Ibid p.<5?@ 131/Ibid p.<5;@ 138/Ibid p.<62@ 138/"ataawa Mahmudi%%a vol.3 p.763@ 13@/Ibid vol.7; p.6@ 1#2/9ifaa%atul Mufti vol.7 p.77;@

Harut an- Marut in the Qur’aan are not angels1 Ho/e,er3 Mufti 'hafi I+1A1K in ,olu.e one of Ma’arif ul Qur’aan an- Alla.ah Falal u- Deen 'uyuti I+1A1K in Al ItOaan ,olu.e t/o ha,e /ritten that they are angels1 #6

<Mou alone -o /e see7 hel) fro.’ .eans that the real su))ort is Mou anreal hel) is only sought fro. Mou1 For this reason it is incorrect /ithout -oubt to see7 hel) fro. those besi-es Allaah1 #6!

It is )rohibite- to touch only that )lace /here u)on the ,erse is /ritten if it a))ears in a ne/s)a)er1 It is )er.issible to touch the other )laces1 In fact3 if it is less than > letters3 then accor-ing to one ,ie/3 there is sco)e to touch it if it is a ,erse of the Qur’aan1 #66
• •

If a )erson /rites 9%> or other /or-s in a ne/s)a)er or letter instea- of the entire 0as.iyyah3 then he /ill not get the re/ar- of reciting 0as.iyyah1 #68 It is )er.issible to 7iss a )laOue that has inscri)tions of Qur’aanic ,erses as /ell as )laOues that ha,e the na.e of +asulullaah I'1A141K inscribe-1 Ho/e,er3 a )erson shoul- not .a7e it necessary an- he shoul- not e=aggerate in it1 #6>

It is 7ufr to /rite ,erses of the Qur’aan using bloo- or any other filth1 Ho/e,er3 if a )erson has faith that there is no cure besi-es /riting this /ay anthere is fear for life3 then there /ill be sco)e to -o it1 #69

It co.)ulsory to .a7e 'aJ-ah 0ilaa/ah if a )erson hears the recitation on ra-io1 #6%
1#1/Ibid vol.3 p.725@ 1#7/Ibid vol.3 p.726@ 1#3/Ibid vol.; p.35, 36@ 1##/-hsan ul "ataawa vol.? p.37@ 1#?/Ibid vol.? p.31@ 1#1/Ibid vol.? p.7;@ 1#8/Ibid vol.? p.7?@

It is not )er.issible to use ;a7aat an- the s7ins of Qurbaani ani.als in buil-ings or salaries or in )urchasing Qur’aans an- boo7s that /ill be .a-e 4aOf1 Ho/e,er3 it can be use- for the allo/ance of -eser,ing stu-ents1 #6"
• •

In a lecture or -iscourse3 in consi-eration of the listeners3 a )erson shoulface the. /hen reciting or lecturing1 #8& Besi-es the first ra7’at3 a )erson shoul- recite 0as.iyyah in all the other ra7’ats because all scholars agree that it is Masnoon1 'o.e narrations state that it is co.)ulsory to recite 0as.iyyah at the beginning of e,ery ra7’at1 #8#

In 'alaah3 after 'urah Faatiha3 before beginning the 'urah3 a )erson shoul- not recite 0as.iyyah3 /hether in lou- 'alaah or soft 'alaah because it is not )ro,en fro. +asulullaah I'1A141K an- the :hulafaa’ e +aashi-een1 #8

0o tear the )ages of the Qur’aan an- -isres)ect it lea-s to 7ufr Ita7es one out of the fol- of Islaa.K e,en though the )erson /ho -oes it belie,es in the oneness of Allaah an- +asulullaah I'1A141K as the +asulDMessenger1 #8!

Alla.ah Qaa-hi :han I+1A1K says that ta7ing so.ething in e=change for Dhi7r Irecitation of Qur’aan etc1K re.o,es the -eser,ing of re/ar-1 Alla.ah Ibn Hu.aa. I+1A1K says that if those /ho /ant so.eone to rea- 7no/ that he /ill not get re/ar-3 then he shoul- not be gi,en a cent1 #86

0o-ay the Qur’aan has beco.e a .eans of inco.e an- a )rofession1 Ho Qaari recites for the )leasure of Allaah1 4hoe,er recites3 recites for the .oney1 0his is clear sho/ because sho/ is to -o so.ething for so.eone other than
1#8/"ataawa :thmaani vol.7 p.77;@ 1#@/"ataawa Mahmudi%%a vol.> p.367, 363@ 1?2/-adaab ul 0ur,aan p.6?@ 1?1/4harh Mun%atul Musalli, -adaab ul 0ur,aan@ 1?7/Ma,arif ul 0ur,aan, Mun%atul Musalli, -adaab ul 0ur,aan@ 1?3/"ataawa .aqqaani%%ah vol.7 p.7;<@ 1?#/-ap fatwa #ese deG !.3>@

Allaah1 4here /ill he get re/ar-C 4hat re/ar- /ill he )ass on to the -ecease-C

0hose )eo)le /ho .a7e others recite Qur’aan for .oney for Isaal uth 0ha/aab are collecting fuel for Fahanna.1 Peo)le thin7 it to be a .eans of re/ar- but it is a great /rong1 0here are .any other /rongs attache- to hol-ing recitals for Isaal uth 0ha/aab3 e1g1 usur)ing the /ealth of or)hans3 using their belongings3 -e)ri,ing )eo)le of slee) by screa.ing3 inter.ingling of the se=es3 etc1 #8>

If the I.a. recites the Qur’aan so incorrectly to the -egree that the .eaning of the Qur’aan changes3 then if there are such )eo)le behin- hi. /ho cannot recite at all or they -o not e,en 7no/ ! ,erses )ro)erly3 then their 'alaah /ill be correct1 If the )eo)le behin- this I.a. can recite ! ,erses )ro)erly3 then their 'alaah /ill not be correct1 0hey shoul- a))oint such an I.a. /ho can recite )ro)erly1 #89

+asulullaah I'1A141K sai- that honour those /ho bear the Qur’aan IHuffaaz3 Qurraa’ an- scholarsK3 in-ee- /hoe,er has honoure- the. has honoure- .e1 #8%

It is )er.issible to sto) an- carry on at the signs of sto))ing1 Ho -ifference /ill co.e about in the 'alaah1 A )erson shoul- sto) at the )laces of sto))ing1 #8"

0here are certain )laces in the Qur’aan in /hich a 'een is /ritten on to) of the letter 'aa-1 0he obJecti,e of this is that this /or- coul- be rea- /ith 'een an- 'aa-3 i1e1 the 'alaah /ill be correct if it is rea- /ith a 'een or a 'aa-1 It -oes not .ean that the /or- .ust be rea- t/ice1 #>&

1??/Ibid p.3>@ 1?1/-ap "atwa #ese deG !.3>@ 1?8/Masa,il e Imamat p.725@ 1?8/Ibid p.16@ 1?@/Ibid@

+eciting </a la- -haalleen’ 5 'urah Faatiha /ith a -aal2 the )lace of origin of the letter -aal3 thaa3 an- -haa- are -ifferent1 0here is no -oubt that it is great -isres)ect to )ronounce a letter fro. a )lace other than its )ro)er )lace of its origin1 ' it coul- lea- to the 'alaah null an- ,oi-1 Ho/e,er3 there are so.e )eo)le /ho are e=cuse- an- they cannot )ronounce the letter correctly3 they shoul- try to the best of their ability an- their 'alaah /ill be correct1 #>#

Allaah /illing3 a )erson /ill be re/ar-e- for the letter that is -ro))e- off -uring recital1 #> _istory of the revelation of the four famous divine books 0here are four fa.ous boo7s fro. all the boo7s re,eale- to the A.biyaa’3 Firstly3 the Hoble Qur’aan1 It /as re,eale- in Arabic -uring +a.a-haan on the night of taO-eer all at once fro. the Protecte- 0ablet to the Bayt ul M’.ur of the s7ies of the /orl-1 Fro. there3 the re,elation began on " +abi ul A/aal >#& (1E on Mon-ay as an- /hen nee-e- o,er a )erio- of years .onths an-ays1 0he /or- IzosK si.)lifies this1 0he .eaning of IŸK is FurOaan3 I‡K .eans Arabic an- IUK .eans Muha..a- I'1A141K1 'econ-ly3 the 0auraat1 +e,eale- to Ha-hrat Moosa IA1'1K in Hebre/ on the >th of +a.a-haan1 0he /or- IzopK si.)lifies this1 0he .eaning of I¥K is 0auraat3 I‡K .eans Hebre/ an- IUK .eans Musa IA1'1K1 0he 0auraat /as re,eale- to Ha-hrat Musa IA1'1K in Hebre/1 0hir-ly3 the ;aboor /as re,eale- to Ha-hrat Da/oo- IA1'1K on the # th or #%th of +a.a-haan1 0he /or- IcS¤K si.)lifies this1 0he .eaning of I¤K is ;aboor3 I¦K .eans Gree7 an- ITK .eans Da/oo- IA1'1K1

112/Ibid p.7??, from "ataawa ar ul :lum eoband vol.3 p.3<1 and footnotes of =alaala%n H 4urah

111/Ibid p.7;7@ 117/Malfoozaat "aqeeh ul :mat vol.> p.<?@

0he fourth boo7 is the InJeel re,eale- to Ha-hrat <Isa IA1'1K in 'yriac on the # th or #!th of +a.a-haan1 0he /or- ItoWYK si.)lifies this1 0he .eaning of IYK is InJeel3 I£K .eans 'yriac an- I‡K .eans <Isa IA1'1K1 #>! Hote2 accor-ing to the fa.ous ,ie/3 there /ere # 6&&& or 6&&& A.biyaa’ an- throughout the )erio- of Hubu//ah of these A.biyaa’3 Ha-hrat Fibreel IA1'1K ca.e -o/n /ith re,elation 6##% ti.es3 an- he ca.e only to Habi I'1A141K 6&&& ti.es1 #>6 The difference in the gathering of the \ur+aan of _adhrat 0bu /akr ( .0.) and _adhrat nthmaan ( .0.) 0he -ifference bet/een the collection of the Qur’aan of Ha-hrat Abu Ba7r I+1A1K an- Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K is that Ha-hrat Abu Ba7r I+1A1K collecte- all the )arts of the Qur’aan that +asulullaah I'1A141K sho/e-1 Ha-hrat Pth.aan I+1A1K )ut the 'urahs in or-er an- left all the ,ariations in recital an- collecte- the Qur’aan in the -ialect of the Quraysh because the Qur’aan /as re,eale- in the Quraysh -ialect1 #>8 \ur+aan, ]u+$i`aat and the 0mbiyaa+ 0he scholars 7no/ that the greatest of the a))ro=i.ately !&& .iracles of +asulullaah I'1A141K is the Qur’aan1 It is also state- regar-ing the Qur’aan that the treasure of its /or-s an- /ays /ill ne,er en-1 0his is the .iraculous nature of the Qur’aan1 4hen a si.)leton )lainly rea-s it3 then he -oes not ha,e any -ifficulty in un-erstan-ing its .eaning /hich is sufficient for general gui-ance1 Ho/e,er3 /hen a scholar /ants to -ra/ rulings an- /is-o. that that ,ery s)eech ta7es hi. to/ar-s -ee) -ifficult )oints1 It is for this reason that the Qur’aan has ti.e an- again reOueste- that it be )on-ere- about1 0he result of this is that it /ill ta7e the .in- of a scholar to )laces /here no one has gone before1 It is .entione- in a Ha-ith that +asulullaah I'1A141K sai-3 ˜Allaah ga,e the )re,ious A.biyaa’ .iracles only to the e=tent that /ill allo/ a )erson to bring
113/Ma,aarib ut +alaba p.<2@ 11#/Ibid p.<2, <7@ 11?/+aari#h 0ur,aan of Maulana -bdul 0a%%um Badwi, 9arachi@

I.aan an- the .iracles gi,en to .e are all re,elation fro. Allaah an- it /ill re.ain fore,er1 Base- on this3 I ha,e con,iction that on the Day of Qiyaa.ah3 .y follo/ers /ill be .uch .ore than the follo/ers of the other A.biyaa™1 LBu7hari3 Mish7aatN 4hiche,er Habi /as gi,en a .iracle3 it /as confine- to his lifeti.e1 After he left this /orl-3 the .iracle also ca.e to an en-1 Ho/e,er3 all the .iracles of +asulullaah I'1A141K an- the greatest .iracle3 the Qur’aan3 /hich /as re,ealeto +asulullaah I'1A141K3 /hose eloOuence an- clarity )ushe- the eloOuence anclarity of the great Arabs asi-e1 0he high le,el of its e=)lanation an- language -estroye- their clai.s1 (onseOuently3 e,en the greatest Arab linguists coul- not )resent a s.all ,erse li7e that of the Qur’aan1 Allaah too7 the res)onsibility of )rotecting the Qur’aan hi.self 2 ˜In-ee- 4e ha,e re,eale- the Qur’aan anin-ee- 4e are its )rotectors1™ #>> 'afarD#6! MarchD &##

111/Ma,arib al Musliheen fi +adh#irah al Muballi$heen p.77;, -shraf ut +afaseer vol.7 p.>@

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