Bluetooth Technology

Ankit Vashishtha 200201017 Sunny Gupta 200201073

Why Bluetooth ?
• • • • • It’s wireless. It’s simple. It’s inexpensive. Open platform. Provision for both voice and data.

Development History
• Project started in 1995 by Swedish telecommunications manufacturer LM Ericsson. • In 1998 major telecom companies formed Bluetooth SIG to develop interoperable, cross platform applications. • 2000+ members in SIG

Development Center
• Global headquarters in Bellevue, Washington, USA. • Major promoters companies include Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Motorola, Nokia and Toshiba. • SIG has several working groups working on various projects.

Bluetooth vs. Infrared
• Infrared is line of sight and one-to-one. • Its advantage
– Low interference, reliable transfer.

Technology Used
• Radio Frequency at 2.45 GHz. • This is internationally agreed frequency for Bluetooth. • Very low signal power ( ~1mw ) • Operation range around 10m. • Omni directional signals and can pass through walls and briefcases.

Working of Bluetooth
• Auto conversation between Bluetooth enabled devices. • Formation of personal area network (PAN) or piconet. • Spread-spectrum frequency hopping. • Device works on 79 individual, random frequency within a designated range. • Transmitter changes 1600 frequencies/sec. • Data rate upto 1 Mbitsps.

Typical Bluetooth Networks

Working (cont…)
• • • • • • • Inquire Page Establish a link using Link Manager Protocol Discover services using SDP Create a channel Authenticate Send and receive data

Avoiding Interference
• Many applications and devices work independently in same area without interference. • Low Power • Frequency Hopping • Software for correcting small errors.

Present applications
• Wireless keyboards, mouse, USB adapter, modems, pc cards. • File transfer. • Headsets, music players. • GPS receiver. • Data sharing. • Gaming. • Barcode scanner.

Future applications
• • • • Home networking for convenient, safe and secure house. Retail and Mobile e-Commerce. Travel
– – Ticket less travel, Hotel industry remote patient monitoring, wireless biometric data.


Future applications (cont..)
• Automotive Industry
– activating garage doors, and home lighting and heating systems.

• Bluetooth Messaging.

Bluetooth Security
• 3 modes of communication
– Mode 1 or Insecure mode – Mode 2 is known as service-level enforced security – Mode 3 is known as link-level enforced security

Bluetooth security (cont..)
• Security is provided in three ways
– pseudo-random frequency hopping – authentication – encryption.

Bluetooth Security (cont..)
• Security issues
– – – – Bluejacking Bluebugging Bluesnarfing Cabir Worm

Sensor Network and Bluetooth
• Wide application of Bluetooth technology in Sensor Area Network (SAN) • Environment Monitoring, Agriculture, Security, Infrastructure health • Research for energy conservation in Bluetooth senor network

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