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Embedded systems Ph:7842522786 9948887244

2013

EMBEDDED SYSTEM INTEGRATED INTO A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR ONLINE DYNAMIC TORQUE AND EFFICIENCY MONITORING IN INDUCTION MOTORS

Abstract:
In an industrial environment, mechanical systems driven by electric motors are used in most production processes, accounting for more than two-thirds of industry electricity consumption. Regarding the type of motors usually employed, about 90% are three-phase ac induction based, mainly due to its cost effectiveness and mechanical robustness. Torque is one of the main parameters for production machines. In several industry sectors, torque measurements can identify equipment failure, which makes their monitoring essential in order to avoid disasters in critical production processes (e.g., oil and gas, mining, and sugar and alcohol industries).

Existing system:
There are different methods to measure efficiency in induction motors, which are based on dynamometer, duplicate machines, and equivalent circuit approaches. Their application for inservice motors is impractical, because it requires interrupting the machines operation to install the instruments.

Proposed system:
In the proposed system, the AGT method was used for the estimation of the motor shaft torque and efficiency, because it is the noninvasive method for determining torque and efficiency that has less uncertainty. The voltage and current taken by the single phase induction motor is measured and the Air Gap Torque (AGT) is estimated. The rotor speed is measured using speed sensor. With the two obtained values the efficiency is estimated. The estimated values are

skesystems@gmail.com

Vijayawada

Hyderabad

Page 1

Embedded systems Ph:7842522786 9948887244

2013

transmitted to the information collecting sensor. Hence the less efficient motor can be removed immediately.

Block Diagram: Machine Section:


Power Supply

LCD PIC Speed Sensor Voltage Sensor Current Sensor 16F877A Micro Controller Driver Circuit Induction Motor MAX 232 Zigbee

Collecting Section:

skesystems@gmail.com

Vijayawada

Hyderabad

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Embedded systems Ph:7842522786 9948887244


Power Supply

2013

Zigbee

MAX 232

Hardware requirements:
PIC16F877A Microcontroller with Power Supply Zigbee Max 232 LCD Single Phase Induction Motor Speed Sensor Voltage Sensor Current Sensor PC with .net

Software requirements
Embedded c MPLab Compiler or CCS Compiler VB .net

Advantages

skesystems@gmail.com

Vijayawada

Hyderabad

Page 3

Embedded systems Ph:7842522786 9948887244

2013

There is a large reduction in the amount of transmitted data, enabling real-time and dynamic monitoring of multiple motors. Power consumption is less.

skesystems@gmail.com

Vijayawada

Hyderabad

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