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Management : Art or Science

Management: Science or Art

Introduction :

Management is very old concept, and hence there are different Perspective from different writers. It is result oriented-success or failure can be detected by its results, if there is good discipline, increase in production & profits, etc then it is successful or vice- versa

According to George R. Terry- ''Management Is a distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling; utilizing in each both science and art, and followed in order to accomplish pre-determined objectives.". Management is multidisciplinary in nature-it may contain various factors affecting its processes & results.

Observation on management as a Science:

The word science comes from the Latin "scientia," meaning knowledge.

Science may be described as a systematic body of knowledge based on proper observations and exact principles and can be verified or Cross checked. It is a collection of some fundamental truths and its findings which can be applied safely in all the situations. same like the science the management has also developed laws, principles & findings which are general and only applicable to the group of peoples working together,this laws can be implemented to get desired Results.

Since management involves dealing with people for getting work done it may fall under the category of social sciences.

Observation on management as a Art:

The management is vibrant in nature-an organization to be survived in the todays competitive world,there should be constant updating terms of products,marketing techniques,etc. the planning all in the aspect of innovativeness can be called as creativity.

According to George R. Terry -Art is bring out desired result through the application of Skills

In Management managers have to use skills,knowledge & experiences to tackle different type of problems or to implement any system.

The management can be supported by Information technology (Computers etc.)but the finalizing of decision is in the hand of the Human being .


According to the above studies Management is the Art & Science Both . Management is the art and science of preparing, organizing and directing human efforts to control the forces and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of mankind.

Refrence :

1). George r.Terry : Principles of management ,1968

2). Lilienthal, David E. Management: A Humanist Art. New York, NY: Colombia University Press, 1967