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Course Structure Lecture Tutorial Studio Course Code Course Title Credits

Examination Scheme External Jury External Exam Internal Assess ment

ARC 1600

History Theory Criticism 6





Course Description The intention of this course which is intended to complete the History Theory Criticism track is to understand the directions that modern architecture took from the late sixties and early seventies after high modernism. Learning Objectives Through built work, the history section of this course aims at providing an understanding of the dominant concerns/critiques that resulted in both the dissolution of the modernist paradigm and the creation of new design frameworks and concerns that resulted in unique architectural artefacts that characterise architecture from the nineteen seventies. Theory tutorials will try to understand the architectural discourse and importantly the arguments of the critical positions (under the prescribed thematics) through close readings of influential/seminal pieces of architectural theory of this era. Contents Unit 1. Meanderings : Late Modern Architecture– Formalism, Brutalism, Hi Tech Formalism Marcel Breur - Whitney Museum, Cleveland Museum, St. Johns Abbey Church, UNESCO Headquarters at Paris, US government buildings. Eero Saarinen – Skating Rink MIT, TWA terminal at New York JFK, Kresge Auditorium Edward Durell Stone – US Embassy Building, New Delhi, Kennedy Center for the Arts, Washington DC, G.M Building New York. Philip Johnson , Cesar Pelli, I.M Pei – Late modernist Corporate Headquarters and institutions - Pennzoil place, Glass Cathedral, Pacific Design Center, Allied Bank Tower Richard Meir- Getty Museum. Brutalism - Peter and Allison Smithson – Robinhood Gardens. Paul Rudolph – Yale Architecture School, Marcel Breuer - Whitney Museum Hi –Tech: Works of Norman Foster – Stansted Airport, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers Pompidou Center, , Nicholas Grimshaw – Piccadilly Station

Herb Greene – Prairie Chicken House Experience: Carlo Scarpa. Guild House Philadelphia. Kenzo Tange. Benacerraf House.Richards Laboratory Building.Masterplan for Town of Poundbury . Japanese Metabolists -Kisho Kurukawa.Trenton Bath Center. The Whites and the Greys in Post modern Architecture. Critical Reactions: Reactions against Modernist Abstraction and Techno Rationality Post Rationalist work of Le Corbusier – . Leon Krier and design codes for the city . Christopher Alexander The New Rationalists/neo-rationalism : Aldo Rossi – Cemetery of San Cataldo at Modena. Humana Building. Piazza de Italia at New Orleans. Quinlan Terry Theory Readings: The language of Post Modern Architecture. Arthur M Sackler museum at Harvard. Philip Johnson Unit 3. History Faculty Building at Cambridge. Kandilis and Woods – Berlin Open University.Castelvecchio Museum. Critical Reactions: Environment.John Outram – Isle of Dogs Pumping Station. Work of British Post modernists.M. Ron Champ du Haute (to be taught with comparisons to his earlier work. Snyderman House Post rationalist work of Philip Johnson – AT&T Building to be taught in comparison with earlier work like Seagram Building ( with Mies Van Der Rohe) The Search for Meaning: Post Modern Architecture Work of Robert Venturi and Denise Scott.Chapel of St. Walt Disney Resort in Florida to be taught in comparison with early modernist work .Silver Lane projects. Stern Vanna Venturi House.Ignatius at Seattle University.Unit 2. Aldo Van Eyck – Orphanage at Amsterdam. Villa Savoye. Robert A. Fort Wayne Civic Theatre. Braun AG head quarters ( to be taught in comparison with earlier work Engineering Building at University of Leicester. Robin Hood Gardens. Charles Moore . Maison Jaoul. Charles Moore house.Brown.Hanselmann House. Steven Holl . Salk Center. Peter Zumthor. Charles Jenks The seven crutches of modern architecture. Bruce Hoff –Bavinger House. IIM Ahmedabad to be taught in comparison with early work of Kahn Post Rationalist work of James Stirling – New staatsgallerie. Planning ideas of Ian Mcharg – Woodlands community at Houston.Therme Vals . Villa Stein at Garches etc) Later work of Louis Kahn & the New Monumentality . Experience & the City Environment: Buckminister Fuller’s ideas and works – Dymaxion House. Fumihiko Maki. Juhani Pallasmaa City: Team 10 projects Peter and Allison Smithson. Sea Ranch at California. Florey Administration Building at Oxford) Post rationalist work of Michael Graves – Portland Building.

aesthetic preferences and Assignments Assignment #1 Through two built works. Theory Readings: A city is not a tree. Thom Mayne .San Francisco Federal Building . Patrick Schumacher Methodology The course is to be comprised of lectures. Wexner Arts Center at Ohio State University. tutorials and various student assignments as mentioned above. MVRDV . the end of the end.Park De La Villete. Greg Lynn Parametricism. Critical Architectures : Post structuralism. Kunsthal Peter Eisenman – Cardboard houses. Deconstruction and Post Critical Architectures : Diagrammatic and Parametric Critical: Rem Koolhaas – Jussieu Library. Rem Koolhaas The folded. Bernard Tschumi. Zaha Hadid – Vitra Fire Station. Daniel Libeskind – Jewish Memorial Museum at Berlin Post Critical –UN Studio – Mobius House. Peter Eisenman JunkSpace. Criticism sessions can also take up visual and formal analysis of buildings ( say Le Corbusiers Ron Champ vs Villa Stein) in order to understand the shift in design moves. discuss the distinctive characteristics. including similarities and differences in themes and architectural syntax of late modernist architecture. Aldo Van Eyck The phenomenon of place.Dutch Pavilion. Christopher Alexander Team 10 Primer. Peter Eisenman The end of the classical. Greg Lynn. Theory Readings: Post Functionalism. Florida. Theory tutorials will be taken as interactive class discussions based on close readings of the text assigned to understand the thematics mentioned/referred to in history in detail.Schulz Unit 4. . the curve and the supple. Christian Norberg . History lectures will introduce the prescribed thematic ‘problems’ with a view to understand the built work or conversely introduce the built work and understand differences in architectural semantics and syntax from the modernist paradigm.New Urbanism: Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater Zyberk – Seaside.

Assignment #2 Students will take the early( modernist/rationalist) work and post rationalist work of one of the architects discussed in Unit 1 (Le Corbusier. Hi-Tech) and compare the two projects. William J Building Ideas: An introduction to architectural theory. James Stirling. A .For this the student may take an architect and a built work from two different categories (formalism. Frampton Kenneth. Louis Kahn. brutalism. Alternatively the two builtworks and architects for comparative understanding can be from different thematics in the content. These can be taken up further for critical analysis in the criticism component. Philip Johnson) to compare and contrast changes in preferences. Jonathan. Hale. Curtis. Bibliography and Resources A critical history of modern architecture. for example post modernism and deconstruction. These can be taken up further for critical analysis in the criticism component.