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Application Data

SAA (Styrene Ally Alcohol)
Preparing a Modified Air-Dry Acrylic Emulsion
Step 1 Step 2 SAA-100™ or SAA-101™ _________> TOFA Polyester Polyester TOFA
_________

> TOFA/Maleate

MAN/EB

SB Polyester

Step 4 > Polyester Emulsion _________> Air-Dry Acrylic Emulsion Ammonia/EB BMA/HDA
_________

Step 3

Esterification with TOFA

Step 1 SAA-100 Soya Fatty Acid Xylene 1,000 533 150

These materials are stirred for 7 hours at 250°C under nitrogen with continuous removal of water and recycling of xylene. About 35 parts of water are obtained. The acid number of the TOFA polyester produced in this step is < 1.0 mg KOH/gm and the residual OH number is 70 mg KOH/gm. Esterification with MAN Step 2 TOFA Polyester Maleic Anhydride Butoxyethanol 1,000 98 250

The maleic anhydride/TOFA polyester mixture was stirred at 125°C for 4 hours followed by dilution with butoxyethanol. ARCOSOLV® PNP can also be used instead of butoxyethanol to give a HAPsfree formulation. The resulting maleinated polyester solution has a hydroxyl number of 10 mg KOH/gm and an acid value of 42 mg KOH/gm. Neutralization and Emulsification Step 3 Maleinated Polyester 30% Aqueous Ammonia Water Butoxyethanol 1,000 57 1,100 157

The maleinated TOFA polyester from step 2 is first neutralized with ammonium hydroxide at ambient temperature to pH 8-9. The resulting solution is then dispersed in a mixture of water and butoxyethanol. ARCOSOLV PNP can also be used instead of butoxyethanol to give a HAPs-free formulation.

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It is the sole responsibility of the customer to determine whether the product is appropriate and suitable for the customer’s specific use.lyondell. Hong Kong Tel (852) 28822-668 Tel (33) 3 44 24 92 05 (tech svc) 2484-V4-0104 Supersedes 2484-V3-0603 ©2006 Lyondell Chemical Company www. Inc.com Page 2 of 2 . The applicable Material Safety Data Sheet should be reviewed by customer before handling the Lyondell Chemical product. 41st Floor – The Lee Gardens 33 Hysan Avenue Causeway Bay.6-Hexanediol Diacrylate Water 5% Ammonium Peroxydisulfate 1. O. TX 77010 Tel (713) 652-7200 Toll-free (888) 777-0232 MSDS Hotline: (800) 700-0946 European Headquarters Lyondell Chemical Europe. Lyondell Chemical Company makes no warranties. SP 04707-910 Brazil Tel (55) 11-5185-9300 Asian Headquarters Lyondell Asia Pacific. cj 123 Sao Paulo. express or implied.000 445 11 500 50 This mixture is slowly heated to 80°C and stirred for 2 hours at that temperature to give a storage-stable acrylic emulsion.Application Data SAA (Styrene Ally Alcohol) Preparing a Modified Air-Dry Acrylic Emulsion Emulsion Polymerization Step 4 Polyester Emulsion n-Butyl Methacrylate 1. regarding the product or information contained therein. P. Ltd. Lyondell Chemical Company disclaims any liability for infringement of any patent by reason of customer’s use of any Lyondell Chemical Company products in combination with other materials or in any process. World Headquarters Lyondell Chemical Company 1221 McKinney Houston. 999. Box 2416 3000 CK Rotterdam The Netherlands Tel (31) 10 275-5500 Tel (33) 3 44 24 92 05 (tech svc) Lyondell South America Av Roque Petroni Jr. This information is believed to be accurate as of the date of publication. Specific end uses may require approval by appropriate regulatory agencies.