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Qualification of material DIN 1.

4404 (316 L) for liquid hydrogen storage applications
Technical Paper: PIM International, Vol.1 No. 4 December 2007, pages 60-62, 960 words Authors: Rudolf Zauner and Michael Scheerer Austrian Research Centers GmbH - ARC Add PDF to basket, price: £20PDF Store Help

Abstract 316 L (DIN1.4404) is known to be the most commonly used material in metal injection moulding. In search for new applications for MIM, the material DIN 1.4404 has been tested for its mechanical properties under liquid hydrogen conditions (-253C). Tensile bars and impact strength test bars were injection moulded and sintered to different porosities and the material testing performed under room temperature, liquid nitrogen (-196C) and liquid helium (-269C) temperatures. For the fully dense samples it was shown that at room temperature an Rm of around 550 MPa and a ductility of 55%, at liquid nitrogen temperature an Rm of around 1350 MPa and a ductility of 38% and at liquid helium temperature an Rm of around 1500 MPa and a ductility of 22% could be achieved, showing impressively the increase in strength at cost of ductility at low temperatures. Additional characterisation data – including non destructive testing (NDT) data - of impact experiments at room temperature and liquid nitrogen temperature will be presented. Introduction

6 Influence of the sinter temperature on the mechanical properties Fig. resulting in lighter. Research in the field of liquid hydrogen storage centres around the development of new tank materials. hydrogen also exists in a liquid state. to preserve temperature. 5 Influence of the sinter temperature on the elastic properties Fig.Outlook Figures and Tables: Fig. 2a Vacuum sintering furnace Fig. but only at extremely cold temperatures. However.. the LHe – cryostat containing the specimen (black cylindrical object) and the storage container to the right side Fig.4404 (green parts) Fig. 8 Colour coded amplitude of the back wall echo Fig. 4 Measurements of elastic modulus Fig... 7 Comparison of mechanical data at different temperatures Fig.4404 Fig. The storage tanks are insulated.Experiments .Characterisation . Liquid hydrogen typically has to be stored at 20 Kelvin or -253C.. In this work. and improved methods for liquefying hydrogen.2 K in LHe featuring the 4-column testing machine. but a very low energy content by volume (about four times less than petrol).. 9 Average amplitude of the back wall echo . leading to an excellent energy content by volume. stronger tanks.Temperature-dependent mechanical properties . Further sections of this article include: . 1 Tensile and three point bend bars of material DIN 1. 3 Arrangement for tensile testing at 4.Gaseous hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight (about three times more than petrol).Characterisation at room temperature . 316 L PIM components have been tested and characterised. and reinforced to store the liquid hydrogen under pressure. 2b Sintered tensile bars of material DIN 1. Another field of research is the introduction of net-shape technologies such as powder injection moulding (PIM) for the production of functional components for liquid hydrogen storage tanks.Charpy Impact tests at LN2 (-196°C) on PIM and conventionally manufactured material .

10 Results of the charpy impact tests .Fig.