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Connect to negative terminal cathode

Alkaline cell Connect to positive terminal anode Silver oxidemercury battery Dry cell Hand phone use Nickel-cadmium battery Lead-acid accumulator Electrolyte spill

cation positive ion

anion Negative ion

Type of cell

Used in car

Chemical energy  electrical energy

electrolysis

Energy and chemical changes (2)
Simple cell

Deflection of voltmeter/ light up of bulb

uses

Extraction of metal

Purification of metal

electroplating

More reactive metal electrode  negative terminal less reactive metal electrode  positive terminal

Cryolite: lower the melting point of aluminium oxide

Pure metal  cathode Impure metal  anode

electrolyte must contain same cations as the metal anode.

The further apart the two metals are in the reactivity series of metals, the greater the voltage produced